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🧳 | XNUMX prefectures around the torch relay [April XNUMX-] XNUMX routes, famous places and sightseeing spots in Wakayama prefecture


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XNUMX prefectures around the torch relay [April XNUMX-] XNUMX routes, sights and sightseeing spots in Wakayama prefecture

 
If you write the contents roughly
[Obvious place names in Wakayama Prefecture] Late rice, Karo, Hokusogawa ... How many can you read?
 

At the Tokyo 2020 Olympic torch relay, the torch that was inherited in Athens, the capital of Greece, visited 47 prefectures ... → Continue reading

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Wikipedia related words

If there is no explanation, there is no corresponding item on Wikipedia.

Obfuscation place name

Obfuscation place name(Nandokuchimei) is difficult to read because it does not read normally.Place nameThat.

JapaneseMainly inJapan OfPlace nameOut of漢字Does not read normally (Obfuscated kanjiA place name that is difficult to read because of).

Reasons for difficulty in reading[1]It is,

  • Notation (spelling,Text) Is different from the general reading
  • Notation that is not commonly used (complex spelling andCommon kanjiIf you are using a kanji other than)
  • If it is easy to misread

Etc., but it is clearDefinitionNot[1].

Of the many linguistic expressions, it is said that only Japanese has many obfuscated words (in Japan, the "obfuscated place name dictionary" containing only obfuscated place names is published), which is the same.Kanji areaIt has becomeChugoku,Korean PeninsulaBut most use only one reading for one kanji[2].

Overview

In general,Natural languageIn, there is no one-to-one correspondence between pronunciation (reading) and notation (spelling, kanji).IdeographThere are regular notations corresponding to pronunciation as well as languages ​​that usePhonetic charactersEven in languages ​​that use, the pronunciation and notation of words may actually differ.If such a dissociation is significant regardless of whether it is an ideographic character or a phonetic character, it is difficult for a person who does not know the reading of the word in advance to read the word accurately.

Place nameIn the case of, the place name is deeply rooted in the history and culture of the place, and it does not really matter whether or not it is "difficult to read" no matter what notation is understood by the local people.HoweverTransportationExpansion of people's range of action due to the development ofMass mediaWith the spread of, obfuscated place names have been born.That is, depending on the region, the same spelling or kanji may be read differently, or the same sound may be spelled or written differently.dialectThe sound changes depending on the historyKanji other than common kanjiIs an example of guessing.

Japanese obfuscated place name

Examples that tend to be obfuscated place names

When lesser-known characters are used

The characters in this case are almost漢字Limited to manyCommon kanjiIt is a place name that includes outside kanji.Including kanji other than the common kanji means that it cannot be read only by the knowledge acquired in compulsory education, and even if it is the original reading of the kanji, it may be an obfuscated place name.There are quite a few place names that actually use Chinese characters that are used very infrequently, and these are obfuscated place names for many Japanese.However, there are many kanji that are recognized by a relatively large number of Japanese people, even if they are not common kanji, and simply using kanji other than common kanji is not an obfuscated place name.

When the reading of characters is different from the general reading

An example of reading that is not in the usual sound lesson

There are many place names that have not been established as a syllabary for the common kanji, even if they are written only in the common kanji.It can be said that the name of the place is difficult to read even if it includes such a reading, but in reality, there are many readings that are recognized by a relatively large number of the general public.An example is given below (a special reading that often exists only in a specific area is described in another section).dialect,Clerical error,misreadingIs also included in this case[1].

  • "Door" = "he" "be"
  • "Raw" = "O" "Fu" "Bu" "Yu" (including the one in which "Yu" is made into a yoon) "Nyu" "Nari"
  • "Water" = "Mi" "Minna" "Uzu"
  • "Sea" = "Mi"
  • "Sand" = "Sago"
  • "Stone" = "Iwa" "Shi"
  • "Gate" = "to"
  • "Rice" = "Good" "I"
  • "Castle" = "ki"
  • "Department" = "he" "be"
  • "Side" = "he" "pot"
  • "God" = "Kou" "Go" "Kan"
  • "Kan" = "vertical" "date" "tachi"
  • "Role" = "To"
  • "Valley" = "Yatsu" "Yachi" "Ya" (* There are "Gaya" and "Gai" as connection (suffix) forms)
  • "Another" = "Be"
  • "Upper" = "Kan" "Kou"
  • "Gen" = "Kuro"
  • "River" = "Kou"
  • "Fertilizer" = "I"
  • "Hisashi" = "ku"
  • "Minute" = "was"
  • "Deer" = "ka" "ga"
  • "City" = "Chimata"
  • "New" = "Ara" "Nyu"
  • "Three" = "Yes" "Mitsu"
  • "Sai" = "Sai" "Zaki"
  • "Su" = "Zo"
  • "Thick" = "Ah" (Sokuon; not two-tone "Atsu")
  • "Sawa" = "sa"
  • "Small" = "small"
Example of changing sound lessons

There may be "no", "ga", etc. between normal sound lessons (example: ""Amagasaki"=" Amagasaki ","Kakamigahara"=" Kagamigara ","Ichinomiya"=" Ichinomiya ","Shimonoseki"=" Shimonoseki ").There are many cases of obfuscation due to lack of some of the usual sound lessons or changes in reading (eg, ""Owase"=" Let's go ","Kanoya"=" Kanoya ","Yaizu= "Yaizu",Kumochi = "Kumochi").

An example where notation and reading are originally unrelated

As a notation of a place name, not the place name itself, butPillow,name of poem,aliasMay be used[1](Example: "Asuka"=" Asuka ","Yamato"=" Yamato ","Uzumasa"=" Uzumasa ","Eighteen girls"=" Sakari "," Susukino "="Susukino'[3]).

An example of applying kanji to a place name other than Japanese

See belowRyukyu,AinuBesides, there are a fewEnglishThere are also place names with kanji applied to such as (Example: "Smith Island”=“Smithrattan").

However, it is not always difficult to read, and there are many place names that are usually read by applying simple kanji.

An example of reading differently from a well-known word

"Hikoyama(Hikoyama, Hiko-san) ","Hachiman(Hachiman, Yawata, Yawata) "," Meito (Meito,Myodo)”, “Mt. Ooyama(Oyama,Daisen)”, “Kawauchi(Kawauchi,Sendai)”, “Kokufu"(Kokufu, Kokubu, Ko),"Fuchu"(Fuchu,like this), "Kokubu"(Kokubun, Kokufu, Kokubu),"Tomita(Tomi, Tomida,Blown), "Toyama"(Toyama, Tomiyama, Tomi-san), "Toyama"(Toyama, Sotoyama, Tonoyama)," Kobe "(Kobe, Kodo, Goto, Goudo, Kanbe, Kando, Cancer, Gando), etc. However, for a person who knows only one, the other is difficult to read.This was in the Edo periodCovertWidely used as a method of spotting.[Source required]

Special reading by region
  • Honshu-Shikoku-Kyusyu
    Place names that mainly include the meaning of terrainNara period OfWado6 years(713) "The name of the county town is similar to that of China.Good wordThere are many place names that have been replaced with two forcible Ateji characters by the Wado official order, saying "Write with (Yokiji, auspicious characters)", and many of those place names remain.Even readings that were not difficult to read in old languagesDead languageIf the period after becoming is long, the number of people who do not understand the reading will increase, and it may become an obfuscated place name.
    In addition to obfuscated place names, in Kyushu, "hara" is often read as "haru" or "baru" (example: ""Zhongyuan"=" Nakabaru ","Harada"=" Haruda ").In the San'in region, "mountain" is read as "sen" (example: "sen"Mt. Ooyama"=" Daisen ","Ulsan"=" Hiruzen ","Mount Hino"=" Hyo no Sen ").
  • Hokkaido-TohokuNorthern region
    AinuWhen assigning a kanji to a place name that was used as a place name, it is often an obfuscated place name because it is read in a way that is not normally used, or because a kanji that is rarely used and is not well recognized by the general public is used.
    Place name/station name in HokkaidoSee also
  • Okinawa
    RyukyuIt is an obfuscated place name when a unique vocabulary or phonology is used.There are many examples of changing the reading in Japanese style, but it is often called in the old-fashioned way in the field.For more informationList of obfuscated place names in Okinawareference.
    An example
    As in other Kyushu, "hara" is often read as "haru" or "baru" (example: ""Haebaru"=" Harubaru ","Yonabaru"=" Yonabaru ").
    Also, due to a sudden change in the phonology of Ryukyu, it will be an obfuscated place name even if it deviates from the original pronunciation (around 1500) when the Kanji was applied.[4][5].
    An example
    • Nakijin = "Nakijin → Nakijin"
    • Serikyaku = "Zerikaku → Jitchaku"
    • Bin Bin = "Boemo → Bottle"

Place names that would otherwise be obfuscated place names

Even if the condition as an obfuscated place name is satisfied, everyone knows how to read the place name, that is, it is highly recognized as a unique place name and can be read in general.common senseTherefore, some place names are not treated as obfuscated place names.An example of using rare characters is "Shiogama""Gifu""Osaka""Atago""埼 玉(The original reading "Saitama"Is less well known.)" As an example of rare reading, "Sapporo(Sapporo) ""Wakkanai(I don't know) ""Hirosaki(Hirosaki) "" Kobe (Kobe.. Other,"Kanbe" "Goudo"(There is a case to read) "" Oita (Oita..Similarly, "OitaThere is a case of reading ")" "Beppu(Beppu-Befu..There are other rare cases of reading) ""Hakata(Hakata) ”and so on.

In addition, even if the place name is called an obfuscated place name, the residents who have lived in the area for a long time do not think that it is an obfuscated place name, and it is an example that it can be understood only when it is pointed out by an outside person. Not a few.For example, Shotaro Onodera, who was born in Miyagi prefecture and became a famous cartoonist, is from his hometown.Ishinomori TownFor a long time, it was called "Ishinomori Shotaro" after (Ishinomori).Pen nameHowever, from readers and publishers nationwide who do not know how to read Ishimori, "IshimoriSince it was unavoidably called "", the pen name was changed from 30, which marked the 1985th anniversary of its debut.Shotaro IshinomoriThere is an episode that it was changed to "Ishinomori" and finally it was called "Ishinomori" (Shotaro IshinomoriSee item).

List of obfuscated place names in Japan

注 釈

  1. ^ a b c d Tokyodo Publishing "Dictionary of Obfuscated Place Names" 1978 Reprint From one of the legends, selection criteria
  2. ^ Nobuo Yoshida "Adult Learning 24 Review of Kanji" Jiyu Kokuminsha, 2012, p. 146
  3. ^ "Susukino" in the place nameMiscanthusThe kanji notation "thin" is a kanji notation unique to Japan (ChineseThen "Japanese pampas grass)).
  4. ^ Shinichiro Tawada, "Transition of Okinawan Language Thinking by Place Name-For example, until" Zerikaku "(Seijin) becomes" Jichaku "-" Keisuisha, 2012, p. i
  5. ^ "The transition of Okinawan language by place name-for example, until" Zerikaku "(serikyaku) becomes" jichaku "-" pp. 103-110

References

  • Tokyodo Publishing "Dictionary of Obfuscated Place Names" 1978 Reprint

Related item

Wakayama

Wakayama(Wakayama Prefecture,British: Wakayama Prefecture) IsJapan OfKinkiに 位置 す るPrefecture.Prefectural office location TheWakayama City.

Japan's largestPeninsulaIsKii PeninsulaIt is located on the southwest side of the prefecture and has a large mountainous area in the southern part of the prefecture.

Overview

Regulatory countryThen it became the origin of the Kii PeninsulaKii countryMost of (some areMieHas become).Edo PeriodIn the beginningAsano familyLaterMika OfKishu Tokugawa familyTerritory (Kishu clan)Met.Old manAs(I.e.ToAndo family,ShinguToMizuno familyI put it. There are so many forests that it has been declared as "a country of trees" since ancient times (Mountainous areaRatio is over 7%),Kii Channel,Kumano SeaRich in variety acrosscoastlineContinues. Also like thisMiyama YuyaFrom the terrainKoyasanBuddhist temples by KaikiKumano SanzanShinto shrines such asKinokawaA large-scale city was formed from the whole of the country centering on the coast.

Wakayama CityThe northern part of the prefectureHanshin Industrial AreaBelongs to the coastal areaSteel mill,Oil refinerySuch asHeavy chemical industryIs popular,Pacific beltFrom poor location conditions, less flat land, and poor industrial land that can be secured as part of a nature conservation policy, and the resulting slump in the machinery industryOsaka,HyogoCompared with industries in overcrowded urban areas such as, the production volume is extremely small. In addition, agriculture centered on fruit tree cultivation is flourishing throughout the prefecture, especially in the central part of the prefecture.Mandarin orangeCultivationGobo CityFlower cultivation centered onTanabe CityCentered onplumThere are special products such asFishing industry,forestryIs thriving,brandNurturing is in progress (for details, see the economics section below). It is the only prefecture in the Kinki region whose population has declined in the census (40-1970) for the last 2010 years, and the other 2 prefectures and 4 prefectures all show high growth of 15% to 40%. It is a remarkable feature among them. In Wakayama City,Straw phenomenonIs serious and the population is continuing to decline,Iwade City,HashimotoEtc. of various citiesBed townThere are some cities where the population continues to increase.

Geography/Region

climate

Wakayama Prefecture flows off the Kii PeninsulaKuroshioIt is warm throughout the year due to the influence of.However, if it is limited to the mountainous areaWinter:Will be severely cold.The coldest of themKoyasanThe average temperature in winter isAomori,Hakodate such asNorthern JapanBesides being averagesnowOften falls.On the other hand, there is a frost-free area along the coast.Summer: からFall:OvertyphoonInvasion of many1951(ShowaThe number of typhoons landing after 26 years)Kagoshima,KochiIt is the third most common prefecture after.Above all, "Isewan TyphoonIn the Kii PeninsulaTokai regionIt caused enormous damage to such things.

  • Northern part of the prefecture (Kihoku)

Seto Inland Sea climateBelongs torainy seasonExcept for the season and the typhoon seasonPrecipitation amountLess than a yearDaylight hoursIs a long area.In summerWakayama CityIn the plains like every dayTropical nightAlthough there are some nights when it is quite sleepy, it does not get so hot during the day.HoweverKii MountainsとIzumi Mountains-Mt. Kongouzan landThe northeastern side, located betweenInland climateBecause there is a tendency (summer and winter, day and night temperature difference is large)Intense heatMay become.1994May 8ToIto-gunKatsuragi TownAt 40.6 ℃ (1933May 7ToYamagataIt is the second highest temperature record in Japan at that time, which was 40.8 ℃).The northeastern side used the temperature difference.GrapeAnd variousfruitIs being cultivated.

Because it is often sunny in winterRadiation coolingEven in the plains in the morning whenWinter dayMay become.Moreover, when it comes to a strong winter-type pressure distribution,Snow cloudMay flow into Wakayama city, although it is very rareSnowfallI have something to do.

  • Central prefecture (Kinaka)

Pacific climateIt belongs to the region and has long hours of sunshine per year.The annual rainfall is about 2,000 mm, which is not so much.Gobo CitySummer in the coastal areas is hot and humid,Oceanic climateIs a feature of(I.e.It is relatively easy to spend because it blows and it hardly gets hot (Higashimuro-gunKushimotoCape ShioSimilar characteristics can be seen in the coastal areas of the southern part of the prefecture).

It belongs to the Pacific climate, and the annual sunshine hours exceed 2,200 hours, making it a region with long sunshine hours competing for the first and second place in the country.On the other hand, the annual rainfall is quite high, and the eastern side is one of the most rainy areas in Japan, reaching 1 mm.Since typhoons frequently pass from summer to autumn, "Typhoon ginza"It is called.Also, even if the typhoon itself is far away, it will flow in from the south.Warm and humid flowIt may cause heavy rain mainly on the southeast side due to the influence of.

Number of typhoons landing
(By prefecture)
RankingPrefecturesNumber of landings
1Kagoshima41
2Kochi26
3Wakayama24
4Shizuoka21
5Nagasaki17
6Miyazaki14
7Aichi12
8Chiba9
9Kumamoto8
10Tokushima7
Normal values ​​for various parts of Wakayama Prefecture (Statistical period: 1971-2000, Source:Meteorological Agency / Meteorological Statistics Information)
Average price
(Monthly)
KihokuKinakaTanabe / NishimuroShingu / Higashimuro
和 歌 山KatsuragiKoya Town
Koyasan
Aritagawa Town
Shimizu
YuasaTanabe City
Kurisu River
Tanabe City
Motomiya
ShirahamaShirahama
Hioki River
ShinguNachi Katsuura Town
Irokawa
Furuzagawa Town
(I.e.
Kushimoto
Cape Shio
average
temperature
(℃)
Warmest month27.8
(May)
26.2
(May)
22.3
(May)
24.9
(May)
25.2
(May)
27.2
(May)
26.8
(May)
25.0
(May)
26.5
(May)
Coldest month5.9
(May)
3.7
(May)
−0.5
(May)
2.7
(May)
3.8
(May)
7.1
(May)
7.0
(May)
4.1
(May)
7.9
(May)
Precipitation amount
(mm)
Most months208.5
(May)
223.3
(May)
281.9
(May)
287.8
(May)
238.9
(May)
357.1
(May)
449.4
(May)
240.0
(May)
307.6
(May)
437.5
(May)
494.1
(May)
456.4
(May)
358.7
(May)
Minimum month41.3
(May)
43.2
(May)
63.4
(May)
60.5
(May)
47.0
(May)
68.3
(May)
65.6
(May)
58.6
(May)
70.4
(May)
74.6
(May)
81.6
(May)
87.1
(May)
83.8
(May)

nature Park

Area classification

Wakayama Prefecture has the following 9 cities, 6 districts, 20 towns and 1 village. The way to read the town is "cho" and the village is "mura".

The regional division of Wakayama prefecture, which has inherited most of Kii country since modern times,Kihoku-KinanTwo methods are often used: the northern dichotomy and the northern north, the middle, and the south of the south.[2].. The dichotomy of Kihoku and Kinan is early modernKishu clanIt has almost inherited the regional divisions of Kokuroku-gun and Ryokumano.[3].

Kihoku is an abbreviation for northern Kii country,Arita-gunNoHidaka-gunPointing north[4].. On the other hand, in the narrow senseNishimuro-gun(Tanabe CityIncluding) andHigashimuro-gun(Shingu City(Including), and if the dichotomy is adopted, it shall be south of Hidaka-gun.[5].. What is Kinaka?Second World WarWith a new concept that later came from a request for regional development[6], The boundary between Kihoku and KinanArita-gun(Arita CityAnd Hidaka-gun (Gobo City(Including)[7].

However, in spite of this original usage, there are some cases where it is unclear what these groups of regions refer to.[8].. For example, pointing to Kinan "Nanki"Nanki is a word that refers to the entire Kii country, derived from the abbreviation for Kii country on the Nankaido.[5], Kinan is a subordinate concept to Nanki. In the post-war tourism boom, Nanki was popularized as a tourist term for the southern part of Wakayama prefecture during the post-war tourism boom. Came to be used as a synonym[9] However, even if you are a resident of Wakayama prefecture, Kinan and Nanki may be confused.[10].

It was held in 1999 with Tanabe City, Nishimuro-gun, Higashimuro-gun and Shingu City as venues.Nanki Kumano Experience ExpoDuring the session ofIto-gun-HashimotoCarried out a tourism campaign to sing "Koki Takano", but it was criticized because the name "Koki" was historically unfounded.[11].

On the other hand, the administrative divisions by prefecturecountyBased on 7 categories,Promotion BureauHas been installed.

Origin of place name
Of WakayamaEtymology-OriginIs "WakauraWaka and "OkayamaIt is said to be a compound word with the mountain.

North

Seaweed(Kaiso) area
Naga(Naga) area
Ito(Ito) area

Central part

Arita(There is) area
Hidaka(Hidaka) area

Southern

Nishimuro(Nimuro) area
Dongmuro(Higashimuro) area

History

Prehistory

It was about 2 years ago that humanity left a mark on the prefecture.Late PaleolithicIs believed to have been. At this time, the climate was still cold,LarchOvergrown in the lowlandsBeechThe forest spreads,Naumann Elephant,Bighorn deer-Brown bearIt is speculated that large mammals such as Only 40 ruins have been discovered.

Over a hundred dozen ruins from the Jomon period have been found. However, almost no excavations have been conducted. Narujin Kaizuka in Wakayama City is the first shell midden to be discovered in Kinki. Other pit dwelling sites were confirmed in Wakayama City Kawabe Site, Hashimoto City Imao Site, Nogami Town Yasui Site, Hirokawa Town Takashima Site, etc.Stone circleThere is Mizonokuchi ruins in Hainan City, where was found.

Chronological Table

population

Demography30000.svg
Wakayama Prefecture and National Population Distribution by Age (2005)Wakayama Prefecture Population Distribution by Age and Gender (2005)
■Purple-Wakayama Prefecture
■Green-All over Japan
■Blue-male
■Red-female

Wakayama Prefecture Population Trend
Ministry of Internal Affairs and CommunicationsStatistics Bureau CensusThan

Wakayama Prefecture was in 1955CensusSince then, the estimated population has remained on the high level of 100 million people, but has continued to decrease every year since 1996 (Heisei 8), and finally fell below 2010 million in August 22. This is the only one in Kinki 8 prefectures[12].. According to the 2010 national census, Wakayama City had the largest population in the prefecture, followed by Tanabe City with over 1 people.

Politics

Prefectural government

At the prefectural offices, city halls, and town halls, Wakayama Prefecture has its own job class called a planner. Generally, he/she is in the section manager or assistant section manager position.

Successive elected governors

Governor of Wakayama Prefecture
代NameTenureperiodBirth PlaceRemarks
1Shinji Ono
Shinji
1947/4/19
-XNUM X Year X NUM X Month X NUM X Day
5Wakayama
2Masao Ohashi
Ohashi Masao
1967/4/23
-XNUM X Year X NUM X Month X NUM X Day
3Gyeonggi-doSuddenly died during the term
3Shira Kaya
Kariya Shirou
1975/11/23
-XNUM X Year X NUM X Month X NUM X Day
5Wakayama
4Nishiguchi Isamu
Nishiguchi Isamu
1995/11/23
-XNUM X Year X NUM X Month X NUM X Day
2Wakayama
5Yoshiki Kimura
Kimura Yoshiki
2000/9/3
-XNUM X Year X NUM X Month X NUM X Day
2OsakaResigned during the term
6Yoshinobu Nisaka
Yoshinobu
2006/12/17
-Current position
4Wakayama

Prefectural assembly

  • Constant-42 people
  • Term-From April 2015, 27 (Heisei 4) to April 30, 2019 (Heisei 31)
  • Chair --Takeshi Kishimoto (90th generation,LDP)
Parliamentary structure

(As of May 2020, 11)[13].

Parliamentary nameNumber of members
LDP prefectural assembly28
Renewal club5
Japan Communist PartyPrefectural assembly4
KomeitoPrefectural assembly3
Independent society1
Japan Restoration Party1
Constituency
Constituency nameconstantConstituency nameconstantConstituency nameconstantConstituency nameconstant
Wakayama City15Hainanas well as the Seagrass county3Hashimoto3Arita City1
Gobo City1Tanabe City3Shingu City1Kinokawa City3
Iwade City2Ito-gun1Arita-gun2Hidaka-gun3
Nishimuro-gun2Higashimuro-gun2

finance

Heisei 19 year
Heisei 18 year
  • Fiscal strength index 0.30
    • Group III (financial power index 0.3 or more, less than 0.4) 11th out of 11 municipalities
  • Standard financial scale: 2,588 million yen
  • General account revenue: 5,120 billion yen
  • General account expenditure: Â¥5,056 billion
  • Current account ratio: 89.6% (prefecture average: 92.6%)
  • Per capitaLocal bondCurrent balance: 74 yen (prefectural average: 316 yen)
    • Note: The above only calculates local government bonds
  • Personnel and property costs per capita Closing amount: 15 yen (prefectural average: 5,820 yen)
  • Real debt service ratio: 10.3% (prefecture average: 14.7%)
  • Laspeyres index: 99.1 (Prefecture average: 99.6)

Balance of local bonds

  • Current amount of local bonds for ordinary account: 7,802 million yen
  • Balance of local bonds for special accounts other than the above: 400 million yen
    • Main breakdown
      • Land creation business: Â¥147 million
      • Basin sewer business: Â¥110 million
  • Debt balance, etc. related to debt security for the third sector, etc.: 3 million yen

Total balance of local bonds, etc.: 8,484 million yen (consolidated accounting)

  • Wakayama prefectural government bonds, etc. Current amount: Â¥83
Heisei 17 year
  • Fiscal strength index 0.28
    • IV Group (Financial Power Index less than 0.3) 14th out of 4 municipalities
Heisei 16 year
  • Fiscal strength index 0.26
    • IV Group (Financial Power Index less than 0.3) 15th out of 5 municipalities

National politics

as a feature"LDP Kingdom"AndLDP Conservative New Partyを合併してからは自由民主党が衆参全議席を独占していたが、2009年(平成21年)8月30日投票の第45回衆議院議員総選挙では、1区と2区で民主党公認候補が当選、自民の牙城を崩したものの、2012年(平成24年)投開票の第46回衆議院議員総選挙では、2区で自民党候補が議席を奪還した。

Member of the House of Representatives

Constituency

Member of the House of Councilors

Constituency

Economic and industrial

Industrial

Wakayama City,Hainan TheHanshin Industrial AreaIt is located at the southern end of, and the shipping amount is large.

Wakayama's most prominent industries are the steel industry and oil industry. The steel industry's shipment value is equivalent to over 3% of the prefecture's industry (shipment value base), and together with the oil industry accounts for less than 6% of the prefecture's industry (shipment value basis).[14].

As a large-scale factory,Nippon Steel & Sumitomo Metal(Wakayama Steel Works),Kao(Wakayama Factory) Main factory,Mitsubishi Electric(Cooling system manufacturing plant)Such,Arita City OfENEOS(Wakayama Refinery)and so on.

In the local industry, Hainan household daily necessities (water supplies occupy about 8% of the domestic. Major companies,Oheand so on. Other,Gobo CityMahjong pie dice,Arita City OfMosquito coil,Tanabe CityButton,HashimotoPile fabrics (used for Shinkansen and car seats of luxury cars) are famous.

Southern Wakayama CityKisimi-deraCentered onKnitsIndustry is No. 37 in Japan, and circular knits account for XNUMX% of the national share.[15].

Agriculture:

Wakayama PrefectureHonshuLocated at the southernmost tip, with a mild climatefruitIt is said to be a fruit tree kingdom because the cultivation of trees is very active. The following are the main ones.

No. 1 nationwide
  • Mandarin orange -Production volume in Japan (2% share in Japan)
  • plum -Production volume in Japan (6% share in Japan)
  • Hassaku -Production volume in Japan (6% share in Japan)
  • Bellows -World's largest production (even in the worldKitayama VillageWas only produced in)
  • persimmon -Production volume in Japan (2% share in Japan)
  • Japanese pepper -Production volume in Japan (8% share in Japan)
No. 2 nationwide
  • Plum -No. 2 production volume nationwide (about 2% nationwide share)
  • Navel orange -No. 2 production volume nationwide (about 2% nationwide share)
  • Iyokan -No. 2 production volume nationwide (about 1% nationwide share)
No. 3 nationwide
  • Kiwi fruit -No. 3 production volume nationwide (about 1% nationwide share)
Other main agricultural products

Fishery:

Off Wakayama PrefectureKuroshioBecause of the (Japan Current), the fishing industry is thriving.

       Nachi Katsuura Town

forestry

Since Wakayama Prefecture has few plains and mountains occupy most of the area,Cedar-CypressMountains aroundforestryIs thriving.

Most of the forests nationwide are national forests, but in Wakayama prefecture, most of them are private forests. In addition, the production area of ​​old good wood (Akita,京都,Miyazaki,NaraThere are many private forests. 2001 (Heisei 13),ThinningIn collaboration with Mie Prefecture due to the deforestation of forests and the aging of forestry labor forceGreen employmentProposed a business and got it on track.

Major companies headquartered in the prefecture

Major companies with base offices in the prefecture

Manufacturing industry

Life and transportation

Policemen

Transportation

Train

bus

Adjacent Nara and Mie prefectures are close to monopolizing one company, but in this prefecture operators are finely divided by region. The influence of the Nankai Electric Railways series is strong, but there are not a few Kintetsu and independent systems. The main running municipality is in parentheses.

空港

Located in Osaka Prefecture from Wakayama CityKIXThere is a limousine bus that runs up to about 40 minutes.

道路

*Unusual in Japan, all 3-digit national highways within the prefecture are managed by Wakayama prefecture.

Medical and welfare

Disaster base hospital
Nursery

Education

University
University research facilities
Vocational school
Special school
high school
Junior high school
primary school
Kindergarten

Mass media

Prefectural broadcasting station

NHK General TelevisionIs a prefectural broadcast and analog is transmitted in 32ch and others (set to 2ch in most homes) / digital 1ch.NHK Educational TelevisionCovers and broadcasts wide area broadcasting (12 analog channels / 2 digital channels) of Osaka Broadcasting Station.

Community FM

National affiliated station

  • Kinki wide areaThere is a relay station for the TV commercial stations in Osaka. Although there are some difficult-to-view areas in the mountainous areas, basically there is no problem in viewing the broadcast itself, since the co-viewing antenna system has been established for each village.
  • Surrounding prefecturesIndependent stationWhen,TV OsakaAre bothPrefectural broadcastBecause there is no relay station outside each prefecture,Cable TVAlso aboutTV WakayamaIt is not possible to rebroadcast at present because the consent of is not obtained. Therefore, it can be viewed only in areas where the radio waves are not blocked by the Izumi Mountains, such as a part of Wakayama City (near the prefectural border) (TV Osaka Ikomayama parent station broadcasting area). On the other hand, even in prefectural broadcasting targeting the same Osaka prefectureNHK Osaka Broadcasting StationIn general TV, only some digital cable terrestrial broadcasting is available on some cable TV stations in Wakayama Prefecture, but it is being redistributed together with Wakayama Station, a local prefecture station. This is different from the policy of the commercial broadcasting agency, and NHK is used for general/educational TV from broadcasting stations outside the broadcasting area.Rebroadcast outside the areaThis is because no policy has been issued to prohibit.
  • Every day broadcasting (MBS)
  • Asahi Broadcasting TV (ABC)
  • Kansai TV (KTV)
  • Yomiuri Television (ytv)

Other

Cable TV

News (Chinese)

National newspaper
Local newspaper

Culture/Sport

dialect

Food culture:

local cuisine

Traditional crafts

Traditional crafts designated by the Minister of Economy, Trade and Industry
Traditional crafts

Sports

Sports Association/Federation, etc.

Tourism

Wakayama City,Shirahama,Nachi Katsuura TownIs typical. Japan's leadingSpaThe ground, andWakayama Marina City-Porto Europe,Adventure world,Shirahama Energy LandThere are also leisure facilities such asSea bathingMany customers visit.

Also, as a characteristic tourism, visit shrines and temples (Kumano Sanzan,Koyasan,33 countries in the westNo. 1Aogishi Temple・Number 2Kisimi-deraEtc.), and has the largest number of customers. The pilgrimage route to Mt. Kumano and Mt. Koya are on July 2004, 16.world HeritageRegistered in. But the number of shrinesOkinawaNext to 400 companies. Also recently, famous for ancient whalingKumano Sea Whale watchingIt has begun to attract new attention as a spot for.

Mainly in Wakayama CityKihokuIn rural areas, there are many day travelers from the Osaka area, and there are many day trip baths, promenades, hiking trails, campgrounds, etc. Other features include fishing, cherry blossom viewing, and a tourist orchard.

Tangible cultural property building

world Heritage
National treasure
Important traditional buildings preservation area
  • Yuasa -Brewing town (Yuasa town)

Cultural facility

Sports Facilities

Foreign relations

Works set in Wakayama Prefecture

Music

Novel

Comic

kabuki

Drama

movies

Anime

ゲーム

写真

  • Photo Wakayama Blues (, 2007)
  • Photo series Wakayama Blues (, 2008)

|}

person

Honorary citizens of Wakayama Prefecture

The title of honorary citizens of Wakayama Prefecture is based on the Wakayama Prefecture Honorary Citizens Ordinance (Wakayama Prefecture Ordinance No. 1967) established on October 42, 10 (Showa 14). , Who are respected by the citizens of the prefecture” (Article 34 of the Ordinance)[17]. The target person is required to be selected by the Governor of Wakayama Prefecture with the consent of the Wakayama Prefectural Assembly (Article 2 of the Ordinance). Those who have been selected as honorary citizens will also receive a certificate of merit, an emblem and a souvenir cup (Article 3 of the Ordinance), as well as the courtesy and benefits of the governor (Article 4 of the Ordinance).[17][18].

Gift numberName of winnerOccupationRemarksSource
1Shinji Ono政治家Governor of Wakayama Prefecture[19]
2Masao Ohashi政治家Governor of Wakayama Prefecture[19]
3Konosuke MatsushitaBusinessmanPanasonicFounder[19]
4Shira Kaya政治家Governor of Wakayama Prefecture[19]

footnote

[How to use footnotes]
  1. ^ a b Yasunori Koyama “Climate and Human”, Yasunori Koyama, Masato Takeuchi, Etsuo Eihara, Hirotoshi Yumikura, Masao Kasahara, Masaaki Takashima “History of Wakayama Prefecture” Yamakawa Publishing Co. 2004
  2. ^ Kaneda and Ishikawa [2006: 509]
  3. ^ Fujimoto Sanin [2003: 2-3]
  4. ^ "Kadokawa Japan Geographic Names Dictionary" compilation committee edition [1985: 362]
  5. ^ a b "Kadokawa Japanese Place Name Dictionary" compilation committee [1985: 356]
  6. ^ Heibonsha [1983: 520]
  7. ^ "Kadokawa Japanese Place Name Dictionary" compilation committee [1985: 355]
  8. ^ Fujimoto Sanin [2003: 2]
  9. ^ Kuwahara [1999: 300-305]
  10. ^ Kuwahara [1999: 299]
  11. ^ Kuwahara [1999: 300]
  12. ^ Wakayama Prefecture finally has a population of less than 100 million First in 6 prefectures of Kinki "Sankei Shimbun], January 2010, 8[Broken link]
  13. ^ Parliamentary alias Wakayama Prefectural Assembly
  14. ^ Present state of manufacturing industry by prefecture Wakayama Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry, Industrial Statistics Survey March 2011, 3
  15. ^ Genhiro Hirahata (January 2016, 1). “Reviving Ki no Kuni: 9“ Kishu Underwear ”promotes a wide range of production areas,“ Shinwa Knit ””. Asahi Shimbun (Asahi Shimbun): p. Morning edition Wakayama version 
  16. ^ Broadcasting Information Research Department, Broadcasting Culture Research Institute, Japan Broadcasting Corporation "NHK Yearbook '91" Japan Broadcast Publishing Association, 1991, pp. 495-496. 
  17. ^ a b Wakayama Prefecture Honorary Citizens Ordinance -Wakayama Prefecture, viewed April 2020, 4.
  18. ^ Wakayama Prefecture Honorary Citizens Ordinance Enforcement Regulations -Wakayama Prefecture, viewed April 2020, 4.
  19. ^ a b c d Examination of "Prefectural Honor Award" by Governor Nisaka and Tama Station Manager -Wakayama Broadcasting News, viewed April 2020, 4.

References

  • "Kadokawa Japan Geographic Names Dictionary" compilation committee edition "Wakayama Prefecture" Kadokawa Shoten <Kadokawa Japan Geographic Names Dictionary 30>, 1985 ISBN 404001300X
  • Yukihiro Kaneda and Yoshitaka Ishikawa "Kinki Area" Asakura ShotenJapanese topography8〉, 2006 ISBN 9784254167689
  • Yasuhiro Kuwahara, “Kumano Villages and Place Names: Humanistic Environment in Kinan Area,” Seibundo, 1999 ISBN 479240486X
  • Seijiro Fujimoto, Kaharu Sanin, "Wakayama, Koyasan and Kinokawa" Hirofumi Yoshikawa <Japanese History 35> 2003 ISBN 4642062351
  • Heibonsha edition "Wakayama prefecture place name" Heibonsha <Japanese history place name system 31>, 1983

Related item

外部 リンク

Administration
Tourism
Predecessor:
Wakayama Domain

Tanabe Prefecture-Shingu Prefecture

Changes in administrative districts
1871 -
Next generation:
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