What day is it today? [June XNUMX]
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4 cities and 2 towns (Noshiro City, Akita Prefecture, Ofunato, Iwate Prefecture) related to the facilities of the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) to convey the importance of "the heart that never gives up" and "the heart that strives" learned from this feat. It was established by the "Galaxy Federation" (headquarters, Sagamihara City, Kanagawa Prefecture) consisting of the city, Sagamihara City, Kanagawa Prefecture, Saku City, Nagano Prefecture, Kimotsuki Town, Kagoshima Prefecture, and Taiki Town, Hokkaido Prefecture.
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Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency
Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency(Let's follow the universe,British: Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency,Abbreviation: JAXA) IsJapanResponsible for aerospace development policyNational Research and Development Agency.. HeadquartersTokyoChofu CityIt is in.
Cabinet Office-Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications-Ministry of education-Ministry of Economy, Trade and IndustryIs the largest organization under the joint jurisdiction of the Japanese National Research and Development Agencies.
2003May 10With 3 Japanese aerospace agencies,Ministry of educationInstitute for Space Science(ISAS) ・Independent administrative agencyNational Aerospace Laboratory(NAL) ・Special corporationSpace Development Agency(NASDA) was integrated and launched.
It becomes the basis law in the current establishment of a corporationNational Research and Development Corporation Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency LawAccording to Article 4, the purpose of this corporation is as follows.
"Academic research on space science in collaboration with universities, basic research on space science and technology (meaning science and technology related to space [omitted]), basic research and development on space, development, launch, tracking and operation of artificial satellites, etc. Business related to these,Basic Law of the UniverseIn accordance with the basic principles of peaceful use of space in Article 2, by conducting comprehensive and systematic research, basic research on aviation science and technology, basic research and development on aviation, and related operations. The purpose is to develop academic research at universities, etc., improve the level of space science and technology, and promote the development and utilization of space. "
Status at the time of integration
JAXA was lost not only as part of the national administrative reform, but also due to a series of failures by solving the lack of cooperation between space agencies.Japanese space developmentIt is an organization that was established to restore trust in the company, but it came immediately after the integration. H-IIA Rocket No. 6(Originally scheduled to be launched by the business group in September) caused trouble during the ascent and ended up being blown up by a command from the ground.further,Institute for Space ScienceLaunchedMars probe"Hope"火星It also failed to get on the orbit, and after its inauguration, it became a series of trials..
Main achievements after integration
On September 2005, 17H-IIA rocketAt Unit 7Sunflower 6Succeeded in orbit insertion. On July 7th MV rocketX-ray astronomy satellite bySuzakuWas also successful in launching.X-ray astronomyIs Japan's world-leading space science field.. Small supersonic experimental machine on October 10NEXST-1Succeeded in the flight experiment.
In 2006 (Heisei 18), three consecutive rockets were launched for the first time within a month from January to February.Land observation satellite launched at this timeDaichiIs used for disaster monitoring, infrared astronomical satelliteAkariIs contributing to the development of space science.AlsoSunflower 7Is 1990 (Heisei 2)米 国It was the first successful domestic commercial satellite since the satellite procurement agreement with.In the same year, the solar observation satelliteHinodeWas launched, and in December 2007, the United StatesScienceIn the magazine, "Hinode Special Issue" was published, which published various new discoveries..
Launched in September 2007KaguyaIs on the moonHDSend images to the earth, etc.Apollo projectSince then, the world's largest lunar exploration has been successful, and in February 2009, the science magazine "Kaguya Special Edition" was published, which summarizes this result..
The predecessor ISAS launched in 2003 (Heisei 15)HayabusaReturned to Earth in 2010 (Heisei 22)小 惑星The world's first successful sample return from, "Hayabusa Special Issue" was published in Science magazine in July 2008 and August 7...Also launched in 2010IKAROSIs in outer spaceSun sailThe navigation was successful for the first time in the world."Hayabusa" and "IKAROS" that achieved the world's first resultsGuinness BookRegistered in.
From 2008 (Heisei 20)KiboThe operation of the space experiment building began, and in 2009 (Heisei 21) H-IIB rocketWith the launchSpace station refueling machineJapan has been continuing since the 80s due to the successful transportation of goods to the International Space Station byInternational Space StationGreat results were achieved in the plan.Also continued from the NASDA eraspace shuttle,SoyuzUsingManned space flight businessIs being carried out.
In 2013 (Heisei 25), we aimed to reduce costs by innovating the launch system.Solid fuel rocket OfEpsilon rocketThe test machine was successfully launched, and from 2014 (Heisei 26), the next-generation core rocketH3 rocketThe development of rocket technology has begun, and the succession and development of rocket technology to the next generation is underway.In addition, with the aim of reducing costs and receiving commercial orders for launches, most of the launch operations of H-IIA in 2007 and H-IIB in 2013 were transferred to Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, 2015 (27) 11 It will be Japan's first pure commercial launch in MarchカナダLaunch of communication satellites,H-IIA rocket advanced application aircraftSucceeded in.
In April 2018 (Heisei 30), in February of the same yearTRICOM-1RDue to successful orbit insertionSS-520 rocketWas certified by the Guinness World Records as the smallest rocket in history that actually launched an artificial satellite..
2019 years(ReiwaIn December of the first year), the ultra-low altitude satellite technology testerSwallowHas been certified by the Guinness World Records for flying at an altitude of 167.4 km, which is the lowest orbit of an earth observation satellite..
2020 years(Reiwa2) The H-IIB rocket No. 5 was launched in May, and was launched by the aircraft in August of the same year.Kounotori 9Re-entered the atmosphere, succeeded in all H-IIB and HTV plans, and ended operation.In August of the same year, the name of the manned lunar rover that was being developed with Toyota Motor Corporation was given.Lunar CruiserDecided to.It was launched in 12 (Heisei 2014) in December of the same year.Hayabusa 2Recovery capsule has returned to Earth.
In April 2021 (Reiwa 3), it was damaged by a server attack by the Chinese army.Japanese public security arrested officials of the Chinese Communist Party.It is unusual for the Japanese to arrest.
Here, only the launches of spacecraft developed by JAXA or the launches by JAXA's satellite launch vehicle are listed... Most of the launch operations for the H-IIA rocket were transferred from Unit 13 and for the H-IIB rocket from Unit 4, but most of the launch operations were transferred to Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, but JAXA is responsible for the launch safety management operations.
|Name||Abbreviated name||Use||Launch rocket||Launch date||Remarks|
|Optical No. 2||Information gathering satellite||H-IIA Rocket No. 6||2003||May 11||The rocket was commanded and destroyed due to the launch failureLost satellite.|
|Radar No. 2|
|Sunflower 6||MTSAT-1R||Transport Multipurpose Satellite||H-IIA rocketUnit 7||2005||May 2||Services|
|Suzaku||ASTRO-EII||X-ray astronomy satellite||MV rocketUnit 6||May 7||ISAS (Space Science Research Headquarters)|
|Kirari||OICETS||Optical satellite communication experiment satellite||Dnepr rocket||May 8|
|Reimei||INDEX||Small scientific satellite||ISAS Piggyback satellite|
|Daichi||ALOS||Land observation technology satellite||H-IIA Rocket No. 8||2006||May 1|
|Sunflower 7||MTSAT-2||Transport Multipurpose Satellite||H-IIA Rocket No. 9||May 2||RSC service|
First consecutive launch within a month
|Akari||ASTRO-F||Infrared astronomical satellite||MV rocket No. 8||May 2||ISAS|
|Optical No. 2||K2||Information gathering satellite||H-IIA Rocket No. 10||May 9||A substitute for the satellite lost due to the failed launch of the H-IIA Launch Vehicle No. 6.|
|Hinode||SOLAR-B||Solar observation satellite||MV rocket No. 7||May 9||ISAS|
|Large deployment antenna|
Small / partial model 2
|LDREX-2||Demonstration test of large deployment antenna||Ariane V rocket||May 10||Shared satellite|
|Kiku No. 8||ETS-VIII||Technical test satelliteType VIII||H-IIA Rocket No. 11||May 12||Launched with the first H2A204 type.|
The satellite is also the heaviest ever at 5.8 tons.
|Radar No. 2||R2||Information gathering satellite||H-IIA Rocket No. 12||2007||May 2||A substitute for the satellite lost due to the failed launch of the H-IIA Launch Vehicle No. 6.|
|Optical No. 3 Demonstration Machine||K3|
|Kaguya||SELENE||Lunar orbit satellite||H-IIA Rocket No. 13||May 9|
|Kizuna||WINDS||Ultra high speed internet satellite||H-IIA Rocket No. 14||2008||May 2|
|Japanese Experiment Module "Kibo'|
Onboard storage room
|Onboard storage room of the ISS Japanese Experiment Module "Kibo" (JEM)||space shuttleEndeavor||May 3||Takao DoiAn astronaut will board and perform an assembly mission (1J / A).STS-123|
|Japanese Experiment Module "Kibo"|
Onboard laboratory / robot arm
|Onboard laboratory and robot arm of ISS Japanese Experiment Module "Kibo" (JEM)||space shuttleDiscovery||May 6||Akihiko HoshideAn astronaut will board and perform an assembly mission (1J).STS-124|
|IBUKI||GOSAT||Greenhouse gas observation technology satellite||H-IIA Rocket No. 15||2009||May 1||In addition, 6 small satellites developed by schools and companies are shared.|
|Small demonstration satellite type 1||SDS 1||Technical test satellite|
|Japanese Experiment Module "Kibo"|
Outboard Experiment Platform / Outboard Pallet
|Outboard experiment platform and outboard pallet of ISS Japanese Experiment Module "Kibo" (JEM)||Space Shuttle Endeavor||May 7||During a long-term stay on the ISSKoichi WakataAn astronaut performs an assembly mission (2J / A).Completion of Kibo.STS-127|
|HTV technology demonstrator||HTV-1||Space station refueling machine (HTV)||H-IIB rocketTest No. 1||May 9||Night launch (02:01)|
|Optical No. 3||Information gathering satellite||H-IIA Rocket No. 16||May 11||Replacement for Information Gathering Satellite Optics 5A, which has a useful life of 1 years|
|Dawn||PLANET-C||Venus exploration satellite||H-IIA Rocket No. 17||2010||May 5||Akatsuki is ISAS PLANET plan.In addition, four small satellites developed by the university are shared..|
|IKAROS||SmallSolar power sailDemonstration machine|
|Michibiki||QZS-1||Satellite positioning system||H-IIA Rocket No. 18||May 9||The first unit of the Quasi-Zenith Satellite System Project (QZSS)|
|Kounotori 2||HTV-2||H-II Transfer Vehicle (HTV)||H-IIB rocket No. 2||2011||May 1|
|Optical No. 4||Information gathering satellite||H-IIA Rocket No. 19||May 9||Replacement for Information Gathering Satellite Optics 5A, which has a useful life of 2 years|
|Radar No. 3||Information gathering satellite||H-IIA Rocket No. 20||May 12|
|Drop||GCOM-W1||Water cycle fluctuation observation satellite||H-IIA Rocket No. 21||2012||May 5||otherArirang-3とFenglong No. XNUMXCarpool|
|Small demonstration satellite type 4||SDS 4||Technical test satellite|
|Kounotori 3||HTV-3||H-II Transfer Vehicle (HTV)||H-IIB rocket No. 3||May 7||In the pressurization section of Kounotori Unit 35 aircraft CubeSat(Day3,Rice1, riceYue瑞Joint 1) Is installed. After being delivered to the ISSKiboPut into orbit fromreference).|
H-IIB has new avionics (reference) Is applied for the first time.
|Radar No. 4||Information gathering satellite||H-IIA Rocket No. 22||2013||May 1|
|Optical No. 5 Demonstration Machine||Information gathering satellite|
|Kounotori 4||HTV-4||H-II Transfer Vehicle (HTV)||H-IIB rocket No. 4||May 8||In the pressurization section of Kounotori Unit 44 CubeSatsEquipped with (Japan-Vietnam joint 1, US 3). After being delivered to the ISS, it will be put into orbit from Kibo in sequence from October 2013 to March 10.|
The launch of the H-IIB from Unit 4 was transferred to Mitsubishi Heavy Industries.
|Hisaki||SPRINT-A||Planetary spectroscopic observation satellite||Epsilon rockettesting machine||May 9||First launch of the Epsilon rocket after two postponements. The launch on August 2 was postponed due to a wiring error in the signal relay device, and the reset launch on August 8 was also postponed due to an error detection related to the attitude control of the automatic inspection device.|
|Global Precipitation Measurement Main Satellite||GPM||Global precipitation observation satellite||H-IIA Rocket No. 23||2014||May 2||Other university development7 small satellitesEquipped with.|
|Daichi No. 2||ALOS-2||Land observation technology satellite||H-IIA Rocket No. 24||May 5||Other universities and corporate development4 small satellitesEquipped with.|
|Sunflower 8||Himawari-8||Meteorological satellite||H-IIA Rocket No. 25||May 10|
|Hayabusa 2||Hayabusa2||Asteroid probe||H-IIA Rocket No. 26||May 12||Other university development3 small satellitesEquipped with.|
|Radar spare machine||Information gathering satellite||H-IIA Rocket No. 27||2015||May 2|
|Optical No. 5||Information gathering satellite||H-IIA Rocket No. 28||May 3|
|Kounotori 5||HTV-5||H-II Transfer Vehicle (HTV)||H-IIB rocket No. 5||May 8||In the pressurization section of Kounotori Unit 518 CubeSats(Brazil1, Japan 1,The United States of America14,デンマークEquipped with 2).|
|Telstar 12 VANTAGE||カナダTelesat's communications broadcasting satellite||H-IIA Rocket No. 29||May 11||Japan's first pure commercial launch that is not a carpool to a public satellite.Core rocket sophisticationOf these, "acquisition of long-time inertial navigation function" was applied for the first time, and the first launch to the long coast geostationary transfer orbit.|
|eyes||ASTRO-H||X-ray astronomy satellite||H-IIA Rocket No. 30||2016||May 2||Other universities and corporate development3 small satellitesEquipped with.|
|Sunflower 9||Himawari-9||Meteorological satellite||H-IIA Rocket No. 31||May 11|
|Kounotori 6||HTV-6||H-II Transfer Vehicle (HTV)||H-IIB rocket No. 6||May 12||In the pressurization section of Kounotori Unit 67 CubeSatsEquipped with (Japan 7).|
|Arase||ERG||Small geospace exploration satellite||Epsilon Rocket No. 2||May 12|
|TRICOM-1||Micro experimental satellite||SS-520 rocketUnit 4||2017||May 1||Twenty seconds after the launch, telemeter data could no longer be received, so the second stage ignition was canceled and the mission was abandoned.Launch attempt by the world's smallest launch vehicle.|
|Glitter No. 2||DSN-2||Defense communications satellite||H-IIA Rocket No. 32||May 1||Ministry of DefenseThe first original satellite.Collectively from maintenance to operationPFIIt is done by the method.|
|Radar No. 5||Information gathering satellite||H-IIA Rocket No. 33||May 3|
|Michibiki Unit 2||QZS-2||Satellite positioning system||H-IIA Rocket No. 34||May 6||Quasi-Zenith Satellite System Project (QZSS) Unit 2|
|Michibiki Unit 3||QZS-3||Satellite positioning system||H-IIA Rocket No. 35||May 8||Quasi-Zenith Satellite System Project (QZSS) Unit 3|
|Michibiki Unit 4||QZS-4||Satellite positioning system||H-IIA Rocket No. 36||May 10||Quasi-Zenith Satellite System Project (QZSS) Unit 4|
|Global Change Observation Mission||GCOM-C||Climate change observation satellite||H-IIA Rocket No. 37||May 12|
|Swallow||SLATS||Ultra-low altitude satellite technology tester|
|ASNARO-2||High-performance small radar satellite||Epsilon Rocket No. 3||2018||May 1|
|Tasuki||TRICOM-1R||Micro experimental satellite||SS-520 Rocket No. 5||May 2|
|Optical No. 6||Information gathering satellite||H-IIA Rocket No. 38||May 2|
|Radar No. 6||Information gathering satellite||H-IIA Rocket No. 39||May 6|
|Kounotori 7||HTV-7||H-II Transfer Vehicle (HTV)||H-IIB rocket No. 7||May 9|
|Mio||MMO||Mercury Magnetosphere Explorer||Ariane 5||May 10||European Space Agency OfMercury Surface Explorer (MPO) And carpool|
|Ibuki No. 2||GOSAT-2||Greenhouse Gas Observation Technology Satellite No. 2||H-IIA Rocket No. 40||May 10||otherUnited Arab Emirates OfHarry FasatAnd Japanese university development5 small secondary satellitesEquipped with|
|Small demonstration satellite No. 1||RAPIS-1||Innovative Technology Demonstration Satellite No. 1||Epsilon Rocket No. 4||2019||May 1||Developed by other Japanese universities and companies3 ultra-small secondary satellitesと3 CubeSatsEquipped with|
|Kounotori 8||HTV-8||H-II Transfer Vehicle (HTV)||H-IIB rocket No. 8||May 9||Jointly developed by Japanese universities and foreign universities and institutions3 CubeSatsEquipped with|
|Optical No. 7||Information gathering satellite||H-IIA Rocket No. 41||2020||May 2|
|Kounotori 9||HTV-9||H-II Transfer Vehicle (HTV)||H-IIB rocket No. 9||May 5||The final H-IIB rocket|
|Hope (al-Amal)||United Arab EmiratesMars probe||H-IIA Rocket No. 42||May 7||Commercial launch ordered from United Arab Emirates|
|Optical data relay satellite / data relay satellite No. 1||Data relay satellite||H-IIA Rocket No. 43||May 11||The name from the JAXA side is an optical data relay satellite,Cabinet Intelligence and Research OfficeThe name from the side is data relay satellite No. 1.|
Scheduled to launch
Rockets and satellites / spacecraft scheduled to be launched.The order may be changed according to the situation.
- 2020 (2nd year of Reiwa)
- 2021 (3nd year of Reiwa)
- 2022 years (Ryowa 4 years)
- 2022 (4nd year of Reiwa)
- H-IIA Rocket: Information Gathering Satellite Radar No. 7
- H3 rocket:Advanced radar satellite(Successor to DAICHI-2)
- H3 rocket:HTV-XUnit 1
- H3 rocket: Technical test satellite No. 9 --Kiku No. 8 application
- H3 rocket:X-band defense communication satelliteUnit 3
- H3 rocket:HTV-XUnit 2
- H3 rocket: Inmarsat-Commercial launch (British Inmarsat satellite, 22 and beyond)
- Soyuz STK: Cloud / aerosol radiation observation satelliteEarthcare
- Epsilon Rocket: Innovative Satellite Technology Demonstration Unit 3
- Epsilon Rocket: Infrared Astrometry Satellite SmallJASMINE(Public offering type small size 3, 22 or 23)
- Ariane 5: Jupiter ice satellite spacecraftJUICE(FY22 or FY23)
- 2023 (5nd year of Reiwa)
- H-IIA rocket: Greenhouse gas / water cycle observation technology satellite GOSAT-GW
- H-IIA Rocket: Information Gathering Satellite Optics No. 8
- H-IIA Rocket: Information Gathering Satellite Radar No. 8
- H3 Rocket: Quasi-Zenith Satellite System Unit 5
- H3 Rocket: Quasi-Zenith Satellite System Unit 6
- H3 Rocket: Quasi-Zenith Satellite System Unit 7
- Epsilon rocket: LOTUSAT1 --ASNARO radar aircraft to be provided to Vietnam (NEC is also accepting orders for LOTUSAT2)
- 2024 (6nd year of Reiwa)
- H3 rocket:Martian Moons Exploration Program(MMX, Strategic Medium 1)
- H3 rocket:Cosmic microwave background radiationPolarized observation satellite LiteBIRD(Strategic medium-sized 2, 24 or 25)
- Epsilon Rocket: High-sensitivity solar UV spectroscopic observation satellite Solar-C_EUVST(Public offering type small size 4, 24 or 25)
- Epsilon Rocket: Innovative Satellite Technology Demonstration Unit 4
- 2025 (7nd year of Reiwa)
- 2026 (8nd year of Reiwa)
Spacecraft at the examination / proposal stage
- Solar observation satellite SOLAR-C: Aiming for launch in the latter half of the 2020sHinori,Youko, The fourth solar observation satellite in Japan following Hinode.
- Infrared astronomical satellite SPICA: Next-generation infrared astronomical satellite jointly developed by Japan and Europe aiming for launch in the latter half of the 2020s.
Aviation technology to be continued
- Domestic passenger plane (Mitsubishi SpaceJet) Technical support
- Research on low noise and low pollution jet engines
- Research on low sonic boom supersonic aircraft
- Research and development of next-generation flight system
- Scrumjet engineBasic research
Aviation Technology Department (former:National Aerospace Laboratory) Has been developed with the aim of making a leap forward in empirical research in the field of experimental aircraft flight systems and contributing to the development of advanced aviation technology. We have three aircraft, a helicopter, a propeller aircraft, and a jet aircraft so that we can do this.
An experimental helicopter operated from 1999 to 2013. There was a nickname for MuPAL-ε (Mupal Epsilon). JA21ME.The location is Chofu Aerospace Center
- Beechcraft Queen Airモ デ ル 65
In 1962, it was put into service as an experimental aircraft of the National Aerospace Laboratory of Japan (predecessor of the National Aerospace Laboratory of Japan), and was retired in 2011 due to aging... JA5111.The location is Chofu Aerospace Center
- Beechcraft BonanzaModel A36
Introduced a used machine (N2007) in 67933 and operated it as a technology demonstration machine for the DREAMS (Next Generation Operation System) project.Sold in 2015 due to the end of the project. JA36AK
Budget and staff size
Comparing the space development budget for 2010 (Heisei 22) between space agencies in developed countries,US Aerospace Agency (NASA) is about 1 billion yen (and a budget of the same scaleUnited States Department of DefenseExpenditure from, total space development budget for 2009 is about 4.6 trillion yen),European Space Agency (ESA) is about 5,018 billion yen (total space development budget for 2007 is about 8,000 billion yen), On the other hand, the actual budget of JAXA is only 1,800 billion yen, which is about one tenth of NASA..
The amount of 1,800 billion yen isCabinet SecretariatDeveloped on a budgetInformation gathering satellite (IGS) is the amount excluding the JAXA commission cost of about 400 billion yen every year, and if this is added, the budget of JAXA is about 2,200 billion yen, and the total space development budget including the budget of other ministries is 3,390 billion. Become a circle.
Compared with rocket development costs, NASA's improved development from its predecessorDelta IV Development cost is 2,750 billion yen,Atlas VThe development cost of the H-II is 2,420 billion yen, while the H-II was also improved and developed as a technical base. H-IIA と H-iib The total development cost of the product is about 1,802 billion yen, and the total development cost of the two models is about 2 billion yen cheaper..
Looking at its predecessor, NASDA, the ESA's flagship rocket, which was newly developed at all stages,Ariane 5The series was newly developed for the development cost of about 8,800 to 9,900 billion yen. H-II Development cost is 2,700 billion yen, which is less than one-third..
In terms of personnel, about 43,500 in the United States (about 18,500 in NASA + about 25,000 in the US Strategic Command) and about 10,195 in Europe (about 1,900 in ESA +) CNES About 2,400 people + DLR About 5,600 people + ASI About 250 people + BNSC About 45 people),Indian Space Research InstituteJAXA has 13,600 people, which is less than one-tenth that of NASA, compared to about 10 people...Since the inauguration of JAXA, the number of personnel has been gradually decreasing..
- Chairman:Hiroshi Yamakawa
- Vice President: Hisashi Sano
- Directors: Yasuhiro Nuno, Hiroshi Terada, Hiroshi Sasaki, Hitoshi Kuninaka, Masatoshi Zhang, Yasuo Ishii,Mt. Ooyama Mami
- Auditors: Masazumi Miyake, Yoko Kobayashi (part-time)
Deputy Chief of Staff
- First generation (October 2003-November 10):Shuichiro Yamanouchi(OriginalJapan National RailwayManaging DirectorEast Japan RailwayChairman)
- Second generation (November 2-March 2004):Keiji Tachikawa(OriginalNTT DoCoMoPresident and Advisor)
- 3rd generation (April 2013-April 4):Naoki Okumura(OriginalNippon SteelVice president)
- 4th generation (April 2018-):Hiroshi Yamakawa (Professor, Kyoto University)
The following departments carry out management work ・ Each department is divided into subordinate organizations to carry out research themes and development work (as of March 2016, 3).
- Each part
- Management departments such as Management Promotion Department, Evaluation / Audit Department, General Affairs Department, Human Resources Department, Finance Department, Procurement Department, Tsukuba Space Center Management Department, Public Relations Department, and International Research Department.
- First Space Technology Division
- H-IIA rocketIncludingrocketLaunch andArtificial satellitePromotion of system research and development and utilization. (Old:Space Development Agency）
- Second Space Technology Division
- Details unknown
- Manned Space Technology Division
- International Space StationJapanese Experiment Module "KiboAnd the space station replenishment machine "HTVPromotion of research and development and utilization of manned space systems.
- Space Exploration Innovation Hub
- Institute for Space Science(ISAS)
- Development and operation of planetary explorers, astronomical observation satellites, engineering test satellites, etc.The Graduate University for Advanced StudiesParticipating in. (Former: Space Science Research Headquarters)
- Aviation Technology Department
- Research and development of aviation technology for the Japanese aviation industry. (Old:National Aerospace Laboratory・ R & D Headquarters Aviation Division)
- R & D department
- Basic research on aerospace technology, technological development for the future, and technical support for each project. (Former: National Space Development Agency of Japan Technology Development Division ・Institute for Space ScienceTechnology Research Division)
Facilities / business establishments
Administrative / expatriate (including astronauts) related departments and research institutes
- Headquarters (Chofu, Tokyo)- Chofu Aerospace CenterOn the site.
- Tokyo office (TokyoChiyoda Ward)- Ochanomizu Sora CityInside.Liaison and coordination department with the competent government offices and satellite utilization operation center.
- Sagamihara Campus(Kanagawa PrefectureSagamihara City)- Institute for Space ScienceMain campus.
- Space Education Center --Implemented in partnership with sponsors and related organizations such as Cosmic College
- Kansai Satellite Office (OsakaHigashi Osaka City)- Industry-academia-government collaborationoffice.An office set up near the people who are responsible for the space industry in Kansai.
- Nagoya Airport Flight Research Center(AichiNishi Kasugai DistrictToyoyama Town) --A base for flight experiment research.
- Washington Representative Office (The United States of AmericaWashington District)- US Aerospace AgencyContact and coordination / public relations office with.
- Bangkok Representative Office (ThailandBangkok) --Technical support for Thai satellite receivers, liaison and coordination with space-related organizations in Southeast Asia.
- Paris Representative Office (FranceParis)- European Space AgencyLiaison office with.
Manned space utilization related representative office
- Kennedy Space Center Representative Office (United StatesFlorida)- US Aerospace AgencyKennedy Space Center
- Houston Representative Office (United StatesTexas)- US Aerospace AgencyJohnson Space Center
Facility in charge of aerospace research and development, launch, and control
- Tsukuba Space Center(Tskuba-city, Ibaraki-pref)
- Chofu Aerospace Center(Chofu City, Tokyo)
- Sagamihara Campus (Sagamihara City, Kanagawa Prefecture)
- Tanegashima Space Center(KagoshimaKumageMinamitane Town）
- Uchinoura Space Center(Kagoshima prefectureLiver groupKitsuki town）
Experimental site / observation facility / control facility / space communication facility
- Earth Observation Center(SaitamaHiki-gun) --It was installed in October 1978.It receives data from satellites, sends it to the Tsukuba Space Center, and provides it to research institutes, universities, and domestic and overseas users by computer processing. , It is used for elucidation of environmental problems, disaster monitoring, resource surveys, etc.
Experiment / development facility
- Noshiro Rocket Testing Center(AkitaNoshiro City) --A facility that mainly conducts solid rocket motor tests, vibration experiments, and destructive experiments.
- Kakuda Space Center(MiyagiKakuda City) --A facility that is developing a liquid fuel rocket engine.It also has a facility for conducting engine combustion tests before launch.
Atmosphere observation / space observation facility
- Sanriku Balloon Observatory(IwateOfunato City)- balloonA facility for high-altitude (stratosphere) observations using. (The throwing experiment ended in 2007)
- Taiki Aerospace Experiment Station(HokkaidoTaiki Town) --Although we have conducted tests using aircraft, we have also used it for balloon experiments since 2008.
- Earth Observation Center(SaitamaHiki-gunHatoyama Town）
- Usuda Deep Space Center(NaganoSaku）
Space communication facility
- Katsuura Space Communication Station(ChibaKatsuura) --A facility that tracks and controls satellites in orbit.
- Masuda Space Communication Station(KagoshimaKumageNakatane Town) --A facility that tracks rockets after launch and tracks and controls satellites in Earth orbit.
- Okinawa Space Communication Station(OkinawaKunigamiOnna village) --A facility that tracks and controls satellites in orbit.
Launch control facility
- Ogasawara Tracking Station(TokyoOgasawara VillageChichijima) --A facility that tracks rockets after launch.
- Christmas Island Temporary Tracking Station (Republic of KiribatiChristmas Island) --A facility that tracks and communicates with the satellite itself when it is put into geosynchronous orbit. Deleted from JAXA's official website.Borrowing operation is carried out only when a geostationary satellite is launched.
Temporary communication facility for deep space missions
The radio communication facility is rented and operated.
Information leakage case
Detected in August 2011
For JAXA staff on August 2011, 8computerOne unit detected an abnormality, 1th of the same monthComputer virusIt turned out to be infected with.After that, even if this virus was removed, the abnormality continued, so we continued to investigate, and found that another new virus was also collecting information, and sent information to the outside from July 7 to August 6. It turned out that it had been, and this fact was announced on January 8, 11.Information that may have been leaked was "stored on the terminalEmail Address, "Information related to the specifications and operation of the H-II Transfer Vehicle (HTV)", "To the system accessed from the terminal"LoginInformation "..The infection route is the email sent to the staff on July 2011, 7.AttachmentWas opened by an employee without noticing that it was a targeted attack email containing a new virus...This targeted attack email was sent with the name of the staff's acquaintance's sender and the subject of inviting the staff to a drinking party..
2012May 3The results of the investigation were announced in, "The information contained in the terminal and the screen information displayed by the terminal during work were leaked, but sensitive information was not stored in the terminal, and the relevant The terminal did not handle sensitive information about the specifications and operation of HTV during the period. ”“ The login information to the system accessed from the terminal was leaked, but the sensitive information is saved in the terminal. It was clarified that it was not, that the terminal did not handle sensitive information on HTV specifications and operation during the period, and that "individual leakage of email addresses could not be identified".
Detected in August 2012
On November 2012, 11, a computer virus was detected by one employee of the Tsukuba Space Center connected to the in-house network, and on the 21th, this computer was used for "information related to the specifications and operation of the Epsilon rocket" and "Epsilon rocket." It turned out that it was possible that information such as "information related to the specifications and operation of the MV rocket, H-IIA rocket and H-IIB rocket related to development" was collected and transmitted to the outside, and this fact was reported in the same month. Announced on the 1th..On the 30thMitsubishi Heavy IndustriesAlso announced that space business related information may have been leaked to the outside due to the new virus..
The survey results were announced on February 2013, 2.The infection route of the virus that caused the information leakage isGreat East Japan Earthquake4 days laterMay 3The staff opened the attached file of the spoofing e-mail disguised as a guide to the relief payment to the victims sent to the victim without noticing it...The information stored on the infected device is 2011May 3Continued to be sent to the outside for 2012 year and 11 months from November 21, 1.
Detected in August 2013
A regular inspection of the JAXA server was conducted on April 2013, 4, and it was found that someone had illegally invaded the server at midnight on April 18, using the ID password of an employee working at the Tsukuba Space Station. found.It was also found that this may have leaked information on "reference information used to prepare for the operation of the International Space Station Japanese Experiment Module" Kibo "" and "multiple mailing lists of people involved in the operation of" Kibo "". However, JAXA announced this fact on the 4rd of the same month...According to the announcement, unauthorized access is with JapanChugokuInformation that may have been leaked is 18 cases such as Kibo's work procedure manual, JAXA andNASA It is said that it is a list of email addresses of about 190 people including (NASA) staff..
- May 2013, 5, JAXAKakuda Space CenterA 46-year-old senior researcher who worked at JAXA colluded with a woman he met around 2009 and was involved in JAXA's rocket development.ProgramA fictitious order for renewal was made, and in April 2011, JAXA transferred about 4 yen in cash to a paper company in Tokyo, which was represented by the woman.Miyagi Prefectural PoliceToscamHe was arrested with the woman on suspicion.The senior researcher was subsequently convicted in 2016 and disciplined and dismissed..
Since the inauguration of JAXA, "Challenge the sky and open up the universe" has been used, but in October 10, "Explore to Realize" was newly established to commemorate the 2013th anniversary of the inauguration of JAXA..
From the songs recruited by JAXA in the "JAXA Space Music Recruitment Campaign" conducted from the end of 2004 (16) to the summer of 2005 (17), it became the Grand Prix as a result of judging by judges and general voting. Ta E.Bakay / Vocal Yuko Kawai"Radio Emission" was adopted as the image song of JAXA.In addition, it is released together with other works that participated in the final judging committee..
Japanese government space development related organizations related to JAXA
Highest strategic decision-making body
On August 2008, 8, with the aim of promoting unified space development by integrating the space development policies divided by each ministry and agency.Basic Law of the UniverseIs enforced,CabinetBecame the highest strategic decision-making body in Japan's Basic Space PlanSpace Development Strategy HeadquartersIs installed.HeadquartersPrime Minister, Deputy General ManagerChief Cabinet SecretaryとMinister of Space Policy, Headquarters members are allSecretary of StateWill work to formulate the Space Basic Plan, which will be the basic policy for Japan's space development.The Space Basic Plan process chart attached to the Space Basic Plan shows the long-term schedule for the development and launch of spacecraft by Japanese space agencies, including JAXA.Office functions will be described laterCabinet OfficeSpace Development Strategy Promotion Secretariat.
Planning / inter-ministerial coordinating body
On July 2012, 7, the Space Strategy Office, which has about 13 personnel and is headed by the Space Deputy Director, who formulates space policies and coordinates integration between ministries.Cabinet OfficeIt was launched under.The Space Strategy Office, which serves as a command tower for government officials such as each ministry and JAXA, makes plans for space development and coordinates each ministry, reports the space development plan formulated to the Space Policy Committee, and is under investigation and deliberation. It was.The director of the Space Strategy OfficeCabinet SecretariatIn addition to acting as the deputy secretary general of the Space Strategy Headquarters, some executives of the Space Strategy Office were also secretary-generals with the Space Strategy Headquarters Secretariat. On April 2016, 4, the Secretariat of the Space Development Strategy Headquarters was abolished as part of the slimming down of the Cabinet Secretariat, and the Space Strategy Office of the Cabinet Office was opened.Space Development Strategy Promotion SecretariatIt was reorganized to take over the administrative functions of the Space Development Strategy Headquarters..Quasi-zenith satellite systemIs under the jurisdiction of the Cabinet Office, so the Quasi-Zenith Satellite System Strategy Office has been set up within the Space Development Strategy Promotion Secretariat..
Plan deliberation and evaluation organization
Until July 2012, 7, JAXA will be attached to the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology.Council(First in 1968)Prime Minister's OfficeInstalled)Deliberation and evaluation of the space development plan byWas deliberated and evaluated by the Aviation Science and Technology Research Plan.
In July 2012, the Space Development Committee of the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology was abolished with the establishment of the Space Strategy Office, and the validity of the space development plan was deliberated and the ministry and space were consulted by the Prime Minister of the Space Development Strategy Headquarters. Consists of up to 7 part-time experts who make recommendations to the agencySpace Policy CommitteeAnd each subcommittee under the committee was also established under the Cabinet Office..
Looking at the ministries and agencies in charge of JAXA, in the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, where the Space Development Committee was abolished, the Research Planning and Evaluation Subcommittee of the Science and Technology Council and the Space Development and Utilization Subcommittee and the Aeronautical Science and Technology Committee are the books. In addition to deliberating and evaluating corporate research and developmentSince 2015, the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency Subcommittee and the Cabinet Office Space Policy have been established in common under the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications, Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, and the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry. The Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency Subcommittee, which was established under the committee, also deliberates and evaluates the entire corporation... JAXA will be in charge of space development under the guidance and supervision of these organizations.The main deliberation and evaluation organizations for 2019 (Heisei 31) are listed below.
- Space Policy Committee
- Space Security Subcommittee
- Space Consumer Utilization Subcommittee
- Space Industry / Science and Technology Infrastructure Subcommittee
- Space Legislation Subcommittee
- Space Science and Exploration Subcommittee
- Subcommittee of Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency
Ministry of education
- Science and Technology Council Research Planning and Evaluation Subcommittee Space Development and Utilization Subcommittee
- Science and Technology Council Research Planning and Evaluation Subcommittee Aviation Science and Technology Committee
Common to the Ministry of General Affairs, Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry
- Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency Subcommittee, National Research and Development Corporation Council
Related organizations other than the Japanese government related to JAXA
Management and operation destination
- Foundation"Japan Space Boy Scouts(YAC)
- Foundation "" (JSF)
- Foundation"Remote Sensing Technology Center(RESTEC)
- NPO corporation "Japan Spaceguard Association(JSGA)
Member organizations / secretariat
- Space Development Council (Industry-Government-Academia Collaboration Organization)
Business consignment / partner
- Galaxy Express(bankruptcy)
- IHI Aerospace
- Mitsubishi Heavy Industries
- Space Development Cooperative SOHLA
- Japanese plane
- Japan Aviation Electronics Industry
- Meisei Electric
- Others (received services for facility management, aviator training, etc.)
- ^ History of Japanese space development 21st century, JAXA Information Center
- ^ World-leading Japanese astronomy, JAXA
- ^ The results of "Hinode" are on the cover and special feature of the scientific magazine "Science"!, Astro Arts
- ^ Science magazine "Science" publishes "Kaguya" special issue, Astro Arts
- ^ "About the issuance of the special edition of" Hayabusa "in the American scientific journal" Science "" (Press Release), JAXA, (September 2011, 8)
- ^ Certified as "Hayabusa" Guinness World Records, JAXA
- ^ Seiji Tanaka "World's first space yacht JAXA "Icarus" certified by Guinness"Asahi Shimbun], January 2012, 12.2020/1/11Browse. "CurrentlyInternet archiveRemains in
- ^ "Congratulations on the successful launch! Successful launch of H-IIA rocket No. 29, communication satellite "Telstar 12Vantage"”. Sorae.jp (August 2015, 11). 2015/12/9Browse.
- ^ Successful insertion of "Akatsuki" orbit to Japan's first planetary exploration JAXA December 2015, 12
- ^ SS-520 No. 5 certified by Guinness World Records (R) JAXA December 2018, 4
- ^ Flying at the lowest altitude in the world JAXA's earth observation satellite certified by Guinness Sankei Shimbun March 2019, 12
- ^ "Cyber attack on JAXA etc. or document sending of Chinese Communist Party members”(Japanese). Nihon Keizai Shimbun (September 2021, 4). 2021/4/20Browse.
- ^ 23 World Space Infrastructure Data Book Rocket Edition Archived August 2014, 8, at the Wayback Machine., Japan Aerospace Industry Association
- ^ "About the launch of the H-II Transfer Vehicle Kounotori 3 (HTV3)" (Press Release), JAXA, (September 2012, 7)
- ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v "(PDF)". Space Development Strategy Headquarters. Cabinet Office (September 2019, 12). 2019/12/13Browse.
- ^ Naoki Tsukamoto (September 2017, 9). "" H-IIA "rocket, launch contract for the first Inmarsat satellite" Inmarsat-6 "scheduled for 2020". sorae.jp 2017/9/13Browse.
- ^ a b “Review of H3 rocket development plan” (Press Release), JAXA, (September 2020, 9)
- ^ a b c d e f g h i j "(PDF)". Space Development Strategy Headquarters. Cabinet Office (September 2019, 12). 2019/12/13Browse.
- ^ "EXPLORERES PROGRAM”. NASA. 2019/3/14Browse.
- ^ Space Development and Utilization Subcommittee (November 2012, 11). “(PDF)". Space Development and Utilization SubcommitteeMinistry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology. P. 3. 2015/9/20Browse.
- ^ "Inmarsat of the United Kingdom and Mitsubishi Heavy Industries agree to launch the new core rocket H3 for the first time with a private company. The launch is scheduled for 2022 or later." (Press release), Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, (March 2018, 12) 2018/12/6Browse.
- ^ "JUICE exploration schedule”. JAXA. 2019/1/15Browse.
- ^ NEC receives an order for Vietnam Earth observation satellite "LOTU Sat-1"NEC Press Release April 2020, 4
- ^ ISAS News Editorial Board: “(PDF)”. Institute of Space and Astronautical Science. P. 3 (January 2016, 1). 2016/1/26Browse.
- ^ ISAS selects Solar-C (EUVST) for publicly offered small No. 4 machine ISAS June 2020, 6
- ^ Aviation Technology Division Experimental Aircraft Report From October 2011, 10
- ^ a b c Takeshi Ueno (Nisseikiso Research Institute) (October 2010, 10). “The eighth: In the limelight with "Hayabusa"!Japan's space budget is "8 billion yen"". Economics from the age of 23 to understand with numbers. Nippon Life Insurance. 2020/1/11Browse. “Currently remains in the Internet Archive”
- ^ a b About Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency's business and future issues March 22, 3 (
- ^ a b (PDF) Prime Minister's Office Official Website Space Development Strategy Headquarters)
- ^ "Social and Environmental Report 2010(Report), (PDF) Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, 2010, pp. 28-29.2020/1/11Browse. "From" JAXA's Management Plan, Organization and Personnel ""
- ^ "Officer figure”. JAXA (May 2020, 4). 2020/7/23Browse.
- ^ “Mr. Yamakawa appointed as JAXA Chairman”. Nihon Keizai Shimbun(July 2018, 3) 2018/9/9Browse.
- ^ "(PDF)”. JAXA (May 2016, 3). 2016/3/6Browse.
- ^ “About the outbreak of computer virus infection in JAXA” (Press Release), JAXA, (September 2012, 1)
- ^ a b “Results of investigation on computer virus infection” (Press Release), JAXA, (September 2012, 3)
- ^ Virus, information on "Stork", etc. may be leaked to JAXA's personal computer It pro January 2012, 1
- ^ Virus infection is suspected to be targeted email, and NASA-related information is leaked ITmedia July 2012, 1
- ^ "About the occurrence of computer virus infection and the possibility of information leakage in JAXA" (Press Release), JAXA, (September 2012, 11)
- ^ PC virus infection in Japan Aerospace Exploration Rocket information leak? Nihon Keizai Shimbun January 2012, 11
- ^ Virus infection at Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Space-related information leaked? Nihon Keizai Shimbun January 2012, 11
- ^ The cause of JAXA virus infection is earthquake email NHK News ・ Dated February 2013, 2 << Retrieved January 20, 2020; Currently remains in the Internet Archive >>
- ^ “Results of investigation on computer virus infection in JAXA” (Press Release), JAXA, (September 2013, 2)
- ^ “Unauthorized access to JAXA's server from the outside” (Press Release), JAXA, (September 2013, 4)
- ^ “Unauthorized access to JAXA again”. NHK News (NHK). (April 2013, 4). オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2013, 4. 2013/4/22Browse.
- ^ Kibo information leaked ... Unauthorized access to JAXA, connecting from Japan and China.No hindrance to operation --Sankei News ・ Dated April 2013, 4 << Retrieved January 23, 2020; Currently remains in the Internet Archive >>
- ^ "JAXA staff arrested on suspicion of fraud to deceive 97 yen by fictitious order Miyagi Prefectural Police"MSN Sankei News], January 2013, 5.2020/1/11Browse. "Currently remains in internet archives"
- ^ "Former JAXA employee orders compensation for disguised order for R & D work"SANSPO.COM], January 2019, 1.2020/1/11Browse.
- ^ “About the arrest of the staff of the organization” (Press Release), JAXA, (September 2013, 5)
- ^ “About the new JAXA philosophy and corporate slogan” (Press Release), JAXA, (September 2013, 10)
- ^ JAXA image song --JAXA << Retrieved January 2020, 1; Currently remains in the Internet Archive >>
- ^ Review of operations of Cabinet Office and Cabinet Secretariat, abolish four organizations Administrative Reform Council Nihon Keizai Shimbun January 2016, 1
- ^ Cabinet Office Home> Space Policy
- ^ Cabinet Office Home> Organization / System> About the Cabinet Office> Executive List
- ^ Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology: Space Development Committee Page *Currently remains in the Internet archive
- ^ Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology: Aviation Science and Technology Committee page
- ^ Material of the 7th Space Development Strategy Headquarters, Space Development Strategy Headquarters
- ^ "About the investigation and deliberation of the Space Development and Utilization Subcommittee (8th term)”. Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (December 2016, 4). 2016/6/15Browse.
- ^ "Roadmap for promoting research and development related to aviation science and technology (2013)”. Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (December 2013, 6). 2016/6/15Browse.
- ^ "(PDF)”. Space Policy Committee. 2016/6/15Browse.
Treaties / Agreements / Decrees / Cabinet Orders
- Original Space Law(Site in JAXA)
- Cabinet Office, Space Planning Committee materials
- Science Council of Japan, Part 3 Material
- Inter-ministerial liaison conference, space utilization promotion council
- Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, Higher Academic Research Council Material
- National University CorporationThe Graduate University for Advanced Studies
- JAXA repository(Site in JAXA)
- About JAXA publications(Site in JAXA)
- Aerospace Literature Information Disclosure System (AIREX)(Site in JAXA)
Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency R & D materials
- National Astronomical Observatory of Japan (ed.) "Science chronology』\ Maruzen
Space development portal
- "Funny Space Experiment Picture Book" (Cooperation: Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency Publishing:PHP Institute) 2012 ISBN 978-4-569-78228-7
- Asian Space Race
- Japanese space development
- International Space Station
- Hayabusa (spacecraft)
- Hayabusa 2
- Space Brothers
- JAXA ｜ Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency
- JAXA (Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency) (@JAXA_jp)- Twitter
- JAXA (Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency) - Facebook
- JAXA (Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency) (jaxajp)- Instagram
- JAXA - YouTubeChannel
- JAXA Aerospace Frontline - Nico Nico Channel
- Fan! Fan! JAXA!
- NHK Special Astronaut was born in this way ~ Adhesion / Final Selection Test ~ --NHK Masterpiece Selection (Video / Still Image) NHK Archives