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🧳 | What day is it today? [June XNUMX]


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What day is it today? [June XNUMX]

 
If you write the contents roughly
4 cities and 2 towns (Noshiro City, Akita Prefecture, Ofunato, Iwate Prefecture) related to the facilities of the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) to convey the importance of "the heart that never gives up" and "the heart that strives" learned from this feat. It was established by the "Galaxy Federation" (headquarters, Sagamihara City, Kanagawa Prefecture) consisting of the city, Sagamihara City, Kanagawa Prefecture, Saku City, Nagano Prefecture, Kimotsuki Town, Kagoshima Prefecture, and Taiki Town, Hokkaido Prefecture.
 

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Sagamihara, Kanagawa Prefecture

Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency

Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency(Let's follow the universe,British: Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency,Abbreviation: JAXA) IsJapanResponsible for aerospace development policyNational Research and Development Agency.. HeadquartersTokyoChofu CityIt is in.

Cabinet Office-Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications-Ministry of education-Ministry of Economy, Trade and IndustryIs the largest organization under the joint jurisdiction of the Japanese National Research and Development Agencies.

2003May 10With 3 Japanese aerospace agencies,Ministry of educationInstitute for Space Science(ISAS) ・Independent administrative agencyNational Aerospace Laboratory(NAL) ・Special corporationSpace Development Agency(NASDA) was integrated and launched.

the purpose

It becomes the basis law in the current establishment of a corporationNational Research and Development Corporation Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency LawAccording to Article 4, the purpose of this corporation is as follows.

"Academic research on space science in collaboration with universities, basic research on space science and technology (meaning science and technology related to space [omitted]), basic research and development on space, development, launch, tracking and operation of artificial satellites, etc. Business related to these,Basic Law of the UniverseIn accordance with the basic principles of peaceful use of space in Article 2, by conducting comprehensive and systematic research, basic research on aviation science and technology, basic research and development on aviation, and related operations. The purpose is to develop academic research at universities, etc., improve the level of space science and technology, and promote the development and utilization of space. "

History

Status at the time of integration

JAXA was lost not only as part of the national administrative reform, but also due to a series of failures by solving the lack of cooperation between space agencies.Japanese space developmentIt is an organization that was established to restore trust in the company, but it came immediately after the integration. H-IIA Rocket No. 6(Originally scheduled to be launched by the business group in September) caused trouble during the ascent and ended up being blown up by a command from the ground.further,Institute for Space ScienceLaunchedMars probe"Hope"火星It also failed to get on the orbit, and after its inauguration, it became a series of trials.[1].

Main achievements after integration

On September 2005, 17H-IIA rocketAt Unit 7Sunflower 6Succeeded in orbit insertion. On July 7th MV rocketX-ray astronomy satellite bySuzakuWas also successful in launching.X-ray astronomyIs Japan's world-leading space science field[2].. Small supersonic experimental machine on October 10NEXST-1Succeeded in the flight experiment.

In 2006 (Heisei 18), three consecutive rockets were launched for the first time within a month from January to February.Land observation satellite launched at this timeDaichiIs used for disaster monitoring, infrared astronomical satelliteAkariIs contributing to the development of space science.AlsoSunflower 7Is 1990 (Heisei 2)米 国It was the first successful domestic commercial satellite since the satellite procurement agreement with.In the same year, the solar observation satelliteHinodeWas launched, and in December 2007, the United StatesScienceIn the magazine, "Hinode Special Issue" was published, which published various new discoveries.[3].

Launched in September 2007KaguyaIs on the moonHDSend images to the earth, etc.Apollo projectSince then, the world's largest lunar exploration has been successful, and in February 2009, the science magazine "Kaguya Special Edition" was published, which summarizes this result.[4].

The predecessor ISAS launched in 2003 (Heisei 15)HayabusaReturned to Earth in 2010 (Heisei 22)小 惑星The world's first successful sample return from, "Hayabusa Special Issue" was published in Science magazine in July 2008 and August 7.[5]..Also launched in 2010IKAROSIs in outer spaceSun sailThe navigation was successful for the first time in the world."Hayabusa" and "IKAROS" that achieved the world's first resultsGuinness BookRegistered in[6][7].

From 2008 (Heisei 20)KiboThe operation of the space experiment building began, and in 2009 (Heisei 21) H-IIB rocketWith the launchSpace station refueling machineJapan has been continuing since the 80s due to the successful transportation of goods to the International Space Station byInternational Space StationGreat results were achieved in the plan.Also continued from the NASDA eraspace shuttle,SoyuzUsingManned space flight businessIs being carried out.

In 2013 (Heisei 25), we aimed to reduce costs by innovating the launch system.Solid fuel rocket OfEpsilon rocketThe test machine was successfully launched, and from 2014 (Heisei 26), the next-generation core rocketH3 rocketThe development of rocket technology has begun, and the succession and development of rocket technology to the next generation is underway.In addition, with the aim of reducing costs and receiving commercial orders for launches, most of the launch operations of H-IIA in 2007 and H-IIB in 2013 were transferred to Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, 2015 (27) 11 It will be Japan's first pure commercial launch in MarchカナダLaunch of communication satellites,H-IIA rocket advanced application aircraftSucceeded in[8].

In December 2015, it was launched in May 27.DawnTheVenusSucceeded in putting it into the orbit of.This is Japan's first non-earth惑星The spacecraft was successfully put into the orbit.[9].

In April 2018 (Heisei 30), in February of the same yearTRICOM-1RDue to successful orbit insertionSS-520 rocketWas certified by the Guinness World Records as the smallest rocket in history that actually launched an artificial satellite.[10].

2019 years(ReiwaIn December of the first year), the ultra-low altitude satellite technology testerSwallowHas been certified by the Guinness World Records for flying at an altitude of 167.4 km, which is the lowest orbit of an earth observation satellite.[11].

2020 years(Reiwa2) The H-IIB rocket No. 5 was launched in May, and was launched by the aircraft in August of the same year.Kounotori 9Re-entered the atmosphere, succeeded in all H-IIB and HTV plans, and ended operation.In August of the same year, the name of the manned lunar rover that was being developed with Toyota Motor Corporation was given.Lunar CruiserDecided to.It was launched in 12 (Heisei 2014) in December of the same year.Hayabusa 2Recovery capsule has returned to Earth.

In April 2021 (Reiwa 3), it was damaged by a server attack by the Chinese army.Japanese public security arrested officials of the Chinese Communist Party.It is unusual for the Japanese to arrest[12].

Spacecraft launch

Here, only the launches of spacecraft developed by JAXA or the launches by JAXA's satellite launch vehicle are listed.[13].. Most of the launch operations for the H-IIA rocket were transferred from Unit 13 and for the H-IIB rocket from Unit 4, but most of the launch operations were transferred to Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, but JAXA is responsible for the launch safety management operations.

NameAbbreviated nameUseLaunch rocketLaunch dateRemarks
Optical No. 2Information gathering satelliteH-IIA Rocket No. 62003May 11The rocket was commanded and destroyed due to the launch failureLost satellite.
Radar No. 2
Sunflower 6MTSAT-1RTransport Multipurpose SatelliteH-IIA rocketUnit 72005May 2Services
SuzakuASTRO-EIIX-ray astronomy satelliteMV rocketUnit 6May 7ISAS (Space Science Research Headquarters)
KirariOICETSOptical satellite communication experiment satelliteDnepr rocketMay 8
ReimeiINDEXSmall scientific satelliteISAS Piggyback satellite
DaichiALOSLand observation technology satelliteH-IIA Rocket No. 82006May 1
Sunflower 7MTSAT-2Transport Multipurpose SatelliteH-IIA Rocket No. 9May 2RSC service
First consecutive launch within a month
AkariASTRO-FInfrared astronomical satelliteMV rocket No. 8May 2ISAS
Optical No. 2K2Information gathering satelliteH-IIA Rocket No. 10May 9A substitute for the satellite lost due to the failed launch of the H-IIA Launch Vehicle No. 6.
HinodeSOLAR-BSolar observation satelliteMV rocket No. 7May 9ISAS
Large deployment antenna
Small / partial model 2
LDREX-2Demonstration test of large deployment antennaAriane V rocketMay 10Shared satellite
Kiku No. 8ETS-VIIITechnical test satelliteType VIIIH-IIA Rocket No. 11May 12Launched with the first H2A204 type.
The satellite is also the heaviest ever at 5.8 tons.
Radar No. 2R2Information gathering satelliteH-IIA Rocket No. 122007May 2A substitute for the satellite lost due to the failed launch of the H-IIA Launch Vehicle No. 6.
Optical No. 3 Demonstration MachineK3
KaguyaSELENELunar orbit satelliteH-IIA Rocket No. 13May 9
KizunaWINDSUltra high speed internet satelliteH-IIA Rocket No. 142008May 2
Japanese Experiment Module "Kibo'
Onboard storage room
Onboard storage room of the ISS Japanese Experiment Module "Kibo" (JEM)space shuttleEndeavorMay 3Takao DoiAn astronaut will board and perform an assembly mission (1J / A).STS-123
Japanese Experiment Module "Kibo"
Onboard laboratory / robot arm
Onboard laboratory and robot arm of ISS Japanese Experiment Module "Kibo" (JEM)space shuttleDiscoveryMay 6Akihiko HoshideAn astronaut will board and perform an assembly mission (1J).STS-124
IBUKIGOSATGreenhouse gas observation technology satelliteH-IIA Rocket No. 152009May 1In addition, 6 small satellites developed by schools and companies are shared.
Small demonstration satellite type 1SDS 1Technical test satellite
Japanese Experiment Module "Kibo"
Outboard Experiment Platform / Outboard Pallet
Outboard experiment platform and outboard pallet of ISS Japanese Experiment Module "Kibo" (JEM)Space Shuttle EndeavorMay 7During a long-term stay on the ISSKoichi WakataAn astronaut performs an assembly mission (2J / A).Completion of Kibo.STS-127
HTV technology demonstratorHTV-1Space station refueling machine (HTV)H-IIB rocketTest No. 1May 9Night launch (02:01)
Optical No. 3Information gathering satelliteH-IIA Rocket No. 16May 11Replacement for Information Gathering Satellite Optics 5A, which has a useful life of 1 years
DawnPLANET-CVenus exploration satelliteH-IIA Rocket No. 172010May 5Akatsuki is ISAS PLANET plan.In addition, four small satellites developed by the university are shared..
IKAROSSmallSolar power sailDemonstration machine
MichibikiQZS-1Satellite positioning systemH-IIA Rocket No. 18May 9The first unit of the Quasi-Zenith Satellite System Project (QZSS)
Kounotori 2HTV-2H-II Transfer Vehicle (HTV)H-IIB rocket No. 22011May 1
Optical No. 4Information gathering satelliteH-IIA Rocket No. 19May 9Replacement for Information Gathering Satellite Optics 5A, which has a useful life of 2 years
Radar No. 3Information gathering satelliteH-IIA Rocket No. 20May 12
DropGCOM-W1Water cycle fluctuation observation satelliteH-IIA Rocket No. 212012May 5otherArirang-3Fenglong No. XNUMXCarpool
Small demonstration satellite type 4SDS 4Technical test satellite
Kounotori 3HTV-3H-II Transfer Vehicle (HTV)H-IIB rocket No. 3May 7In the pressurization section of Kounotori Unit 35 aircraft CubeSat(Day3,Rice1, riceYueJoint 1[14]) Is installed. After being delivered to the ISSKiboPut into orbit fromreference).
H-IIB has new avionics (reference) Is applied for the first time.
Radar No. 4Information gathering satelliteH-IIA Rocket No. 222013May 1
Optical No. 5 Demonstration MachineInformation gathering satellite
Kounotori 4HTV-4H-II Transfer Vehicle (HTV)H-IIB rocket No. 4May 8In the pressurization section of Kounotori Unit 44 CubeSatsEquipped with (Japan-Vietnam joint 1, US 3). After being delivered to the ISS, it will be put into orbit from Kibo in sequence from October 2013 to March 10.
The launch of the H-IIB from Unit 4 was transferred to Mitsubishi Heavy Industries.
HisakiSPRINT-APlanetary spectroscopic observation satelliteEpsilon rockettesting machineMay 9First launch of the Epsilon rocket after two postponements. The launch on August 2 was postponed due to a wiring error in the signal relay device, and the reset launch on August 8 was also postponed due to an error detection related to the attitude control of the automatic inspection device.
Global Precipitation Measurement Main SatelliteGPMGlobal precipitation observation satelliteH-IIA Rocket No. 232014May 2Other university development7 small satellitesEquipped with.
Daichi No. 2ALOS-2Land observation technology satelliteH-IIA Rocket No. 24May 5Other universities and corporate development4 small satellitesEquipped with.
Sunflower 8Himawari-8Meteorological satelliteH-IIA Rocket No. 25May 10
Hayabusa 2Hayabusa2Asteroid probeH-IIA Rocket No. 26May 12Other university development3 small satellitesEquipped with.
Radar spare machineInformation gathering satelliteH-IIA Rocket No. 272015May 2
Optical No. 5Information gathering satelliteH-IIA Rocket No. 28May 3
Kounotori 5HTV-5H-II Transfer Vehicle (HTV)H-IIB rocket No. 5May 8In the pressurization section of Kounotori Unit 518 CubeSats(Brazil1, Japan 1,The United States of America14,デンマークEquipped with 2).
Telstar 12 VANTAGEカナダTelesat's communications broadcasting satelliteH-IIA Rocket No. 29May 11Japan's first pure commercial launch that is not a carpool to a public satellite.Core rocket sophisticationOf these, "acquisition of long-time inertial navigation function" was applied for the first time, and the first launch to the long coast geostationary transfer orbit.
eyesASTRO-HX-ray astronomy satelliteH-IIA Rocket No. 302016May 2Other universities and corporate development3 small satellitesEquipped with.
Sunflower 9Himawari-9Meteorological satelliteH-IIA Rocket No. 31May 11
Kounotori 6HTV-6H-II Transfer Vehicle (HTV)H-IIB rocket No. 6May 12In the pressurization section of Kounotori Unit 67 CubeSatsEquipped with (Japan 7).
AraseERGSmall geospace exploration satelliteEpsilon Rocket No. 2May 12
TRICOM-1Micro experimental satelliteSS-520 rocketUnit 42017May 1Twenty seconds after the launch, telemeter data could no longer be received, so the second stage ignition was canceled and the mission was abandoned.Launch attempt by the world's smallest launch vehicle.
Glitter No. 2DSN-2Defense communications satelliteH-IIA Rocket No. 32May 1Ministry of DefenseThe first original satellite.Collectively from maintenance to operationPFIIt is done by the method.
Radar No. 5Information gathering satelliteH-IIA Rocket No. 33May 3
Michibiki Unit 2QZS-2Satellite positioning systemH-IIA Rocket No. 34May 6Quasi-Zenith Satellite System Project (QZSS) Unit 2
Michibiki Unit 3QZS-3Satellite positioning systemH-IIA Rocket No. 35May 8Quasi-Zenith Satellite System Project (QZSS) Unit 3
Michibiki Unit 4QZS-4Satellite positioning systemH-IIA Rocket No. 36May 10Quasi-Zenith Satellite System Project (QZSS) Unit 4
Global Change Observation MissionGCOM-CClimate change observation satelliteH-IIA Rocket No. 37May 12
SwallowSLATSUltra-low altitude satellite technology tester
ASNARO-2High-performance small radar satelliteEpsilon Rocket No. 32018May 1
TasukiTRICOM-1RMicro experimental satelliteSS-520 Rocket No. 5May 2
Optical No. 6Information gathering satelliteH-IIA Rocket No. 38May 2
Radar No. 6Information gathering satelliteH-IIA Rocket No. 39May 6
Kounotori 7HTV-7H-II Transfer Vehicle (HTV)H-IIB rocket No. 7May 9
MioMMOMercury Magnetosphere ExplorerAriane 5May 10European Space Agency OfMercury Surface Explorer (MPO) And carpool
Ibuki No. 2GOSAT-2Greenhouse Gas Observation Technology Satellite No. 2H-IIA Rocket No. 40May 10otherUnited Arab Emirates OfHarry FasatAnd Japanese university development5 small secondary satellitesEquipped with
Small demonstration satellite No. 1RAPIS-1Innovative Technology Demonstration Satellite No. 1Epsilon Rocket No. 42019May 1Developed by other Japanese universities and companies3 ultra-small secondary satellites3 CubeSatsEquipped with
Kounotori 8HTV-8H-II Transfer Vehicle (HTV)H-IIB rocket No. 8May 9Jointly developed by Japanese universities and foreign universities and institutions3 CubeSatsEquipped with
Optical No. 7Information gathering satelliteH-IIA Rocket No. 412020May 2
Kounotori 9HTV-9H-II Transfer Vehicle (HTV)H-IIB rocket No. 9May 5The final H-IIB rocket
Hope (al-Amal)United Arab EmiratesMars probeH-IIA Rocket No. 42May 7Commercial launch ordered from United Arab Emirates
Optical data relay satellite / data relay satellite No. 1Data relay satelliteH-IIA Rocket No. 43May 11The name from the JAXA side is an optical data relay satellite,Cabinet Intelligence and Research OfficeThe name from the side is data relay satellite No. 1.

Scheduled to launch

Rockets and satellites / spacecraft scheduled to be launched.The order may be changed according to the situation.

2020 (2nd year of Reiwa)
  • H-IIA rocket: Successor to the quasi-zenith satellite Michibiki[15]
  • H-IIA Rocket: Inmarsat-6 F1-Commercial Launch (UKInmarsatSatellite)[16]
2021 (3nd year of Reiwa)
2022 years (Ryowa 4 years)
  • H-IIA rocket: X-ray spectroscopic imaging satellite XRISM(eyesAlternative machine)[19][15]
  • Carpool:SLIM FIT(Small moon landing demonstration machine)[15]
2022 (4nd year of Reiwa)
2023 (5nd year of Reiwa)
  • H-IIA rocket: Greenhouse gas / water cycle observation technology satellite GOSAT-GW[15][18]
  • H-IIA Rocket: Information Gathering Satellite Optics No. 8[15]
  • H-IIA Rocket: Information Gathering Satellite Radar No. 8[15]
  • H3 Rocket: Quasi-Zenith Satellite System Unit 5[15]
  • H3 Rocket: Quasi-Zenith Satellite System Unit 6[15]
  • H3 Rocket: Quasi-Zenith Satellite System Unit 7[15]
  • Epsilon rocket: LOTUSAT1 --ASNARO radar aircraft to be provided to Vietnam (NEC is also accepting orders for LOTUSAT2)[23]
2024 (6nd year of Reiwa)
2025 (7nd year of Reiwa)
  • H3 Rocket: Information Gathering Satellite Optics No. 9[15]
  • H3 Rocket: Information Gathering Satellite Optical Diversification Unit 1[15]
2026 (8nd year of Reiwa)
  • H3 Rocket: Information Gathering Satellite Optical Diversification Unit 2[15]
  • H3 Rocket: Information Gathering Satellite Radar Diversification Unit 1[15]
  • H3 rocket: successor to advanced optical satellite[15]

Spacecraft at the examination / proposal stage

  • Solar observation satellite SOLAR-C: Aiming for launch in the latter half of the 2020sHinori,Youko, The fourth solar observation satellite in Japan following Hinode.
  • Infrared astronomical satellite SPICA: Next-generation infrared astronomical satellite jointly developed by Japan and Europe aiming for launch in the latter half of the 2020s.

Aviation technology to be continued

Experimental aircraft

Aviation Technology Department (former:National Aerospace Laboratory) Has been developed with the aim of making a leap forward in empirical research in the field of experimental aircraft flight systems and contributing to the development of advanced aviation technology. We have three aircraft, a helicopter, a propeller aircraft, and a jet aircraft so that we can do this.

Retire

An experimental helicopter operated from 1999 to 2013. There was a nickname for MuPAL-ε (Mupal Epsilon). JA21ME.The location is Chofu Aerospace Center

In 1962, it was put into service as an experimental aircraft of the National Aerospace Laboratory of Japan (predecessor of the National Aerospace Laboratory of Japan), and was retired in 2011 due to aging.[26].. JA5111.The location is Chofu Aerospace Center

Introduced a used machine (N2007) in 67933 and operated it as a technology demonstration machine for the DREAMS (Next Generation Operation System) project.Sold in 2015 due to the end of the project. JA36AK

Budget and staff size

Comparing the space development budget for 2010 (Heisei 22) between space agencies in developed countries,US Aerospace Agency (NASA) is about 1 billion yen (and a budget of the same scaleUnited States Department of DefenseExpenditure from, total space development budget for 2009 is about 4.6 trillion yen[27]),European Space Agency (ESA) is about 5,018 billion yen (total space development budget for 2007 is about 8,000 billion yen[27]), On the other hand, the actual budget of JAXA is only 1,800 billion yen, which is about one tenth of NASA.[28].

The amount of 1,800 billion yen isCabinet SecretariatDeveloped on a budgetInformation gathering satellite (IGS) is the amount excluding the JAXA commission cost of about 400 billion yen every year, and if this is added, the budget of JAXA is about 2,200 billion yen, and the total space development budget including the budget of other ministries is 3,390 billion. Become a circle[27].

Compared with rocket development costs, NASA's improved development from its predecessorDelta IV Development cost is 2,750 billion yen,Atlas VThe development cost of the H-II is 2,420 billion yen, while the H-II was also improved and developed as a technical base. H-IIAH-iib The total development cost of the product is about 1,802 billion yen, and the total development cost of the two models is about 2 billion yen cheaper.[29].

Looking at its predecessor, NASDA, the ESA's flagship rocket, which was newly developed at all stages,Ariane 5The series was newly developed for the development cost of about 8,800 to 9,900 billion yen. H-II Development cost is 2,700 billion yen, which is less than one-third.[29].

In terms of personnel, about 43,500 in the United States (about 18,500 in NASA + about 25,000 in the US Strategic Command) and about 10,195 in Europe (about 1,900 in ESA +) CNES About 2,400 people + DLR About 5,600 people + ASI About 250 people + BNSC About 45 people),Indian Space Research InstituteJAXA has 13,600 people, which is less than one-tenth that of NASA, compared to about 10 people.[28]..Since the inauguration of JAXA, the number of personnel has been gradually decreasing.[30].

組織

Executives

  • Chairman:Hiroshi Yamakawa
  • Vice President: Hisashi Sano
  • Directors: Yasuhiro Nuno, Hiroshi Terada, Hiroshi Sasaki, Hitoshi Kuninaka, Masatoshi Zhang, Yasuo Ishii,Mt. Ooyama Mami
  • Auditors: Masazumi Miyake, Yoko Kobayashi (part-time)[31]

Deputy Chief of Staff

Department

The following departments carry out management work ・ Each department is divided into subordinate organizations to carry out research themes and development work (as of March 2016, 3)[33].

  • Each part
Management departments such as Management Promotion Department, Evaluation / Audit Department, General Affairs Department, Human Resources Department, Finance Department, Procurement Department, Tsukuba Space Center Management Department, Public Relations Department, and International Research Department.
  • First Space Technology Division
H-IIA rocketIncludingrocketLaunch andArtificial satellitePromotion of system research and development and utilization. (Old:Space Development Agency
  • Second Space Technology Division
Details unknown
  • Manned Space Technology Division
International Space StationJapanese Experiment Module "KiboAnd the space station replenishment machine "HTVPromotion of research and development and utilization of manned space systems.
Development and operation of planetary explorers, astronomical observation satellites, engineering test satellites, etc.The Graduate University for Advanced StudiesParticipating in. (Former: Space Science Research Headquarters)
  • Aviation Technology Department
Research and development of aviation technology for the Japanese aviation industry. (Old:National Aerospace Laboratory・ R & D Headquarters Aviation Division)
  • R & D department
Basic research on aerospace technology, technological development for the future, and technical support for each project. (Former: National Space Development Agency of Japan Technology Development Division ・Institute for Space ScienceTechnology Research Division)

Facilities / business establishments

Administrative / expatriate (including astronauts) related departments and research institutes

Manned space utilization related representative office

Facility in charge of aerospace research and development, launch, and control

Range
Experimental site / observation facility / control facility / space communication facility
  • Earth Observation Center(SaitamaHiki-gun) --It was installed in October 1978.It receives data from satellites, sends it to the Tsukuba Space Center, and provides it to research institutes, universities, and domestic and overseas users by computer processing. , It is used for elucidation of environmental problems, disaster monitoring, resource surveys, etc.
Experiment / development facility
Atmosphere observation / space observation facility
Space communication facility
Launch control facility
  • Ogasawara Tracking Station(TokyoOgasawara VillageChichijima) --A facility that tracks rockets after launch.
  • Christmas Island Temporary Tracking Station (Republic of KiribatiChristmas Island) --A facility that tracks and communicates with the satellite itself when it is put into geosynchronous orbit. Deleted from JAXA's official website.Borrowing operation is carried out only when a geostationary satellite is launched.
Temporary communication facility for deep space missions

The radio communication facility is rented and operated.

Scandal

Information leakage case

Detected in August 2011

For JAXA staff on August 2011, 8computerOne unit detected an abnormality, 1th of the same monthComputer virusIt turned out to be infected with.After that, even if this virus was removed, the abnormality continued, so we continued to investigate, and found that another new virus was also collecting information, and sent information to the outside from July 7 to August 6. It turned out that it had been, and this fact was announced on January 8, 11.Information that may have been leaked was "stored on the terminalEmail Address, "Information related to the specifications and operation of the H-II Transfer Vehicle (HTV)", "To the system accessed from the terminal"LoginInformation "[34]..The infection route is the email sent to the staff on July 2011, 7.AttachmentWas opened by an employee without noticing that it was a targeted attack email containing a new virus.[35][36]..This targeted attack email was sent with the name of the staff's acquaintance's sender and the subject of inviting the staff to a drinking party.[37].

2012May 3The results of the investigation were announced in, "The information contained in the terminal and the screen information displayed by the terminal during work were leaked, but sensitive information was not stored in the terminal, and the relevant The terminal did not handle sensitive information about the specifications and operation of HTV during the period. ”“ The login information to the system accessed from the terminal was leaked, but the sensitive information is saved in the terminal. It was clarified that it was not, that the terminal did not handle sensitive information on HTV specifications and operation during the period, and that "individual leakage of email addresses could not be identified"[35].

Detected in August 2012

On November 2012, 11, a computer virus was detected by one employee of the Tsukuba Space Center connected to the in-house network, and on the 21th, this computer was used for "information related to the specifications and operation of the Epsilon rocket" and "Epsilon rocket." It turned out that it was possible that information such as "information related to the specifications and operation of the MV rocket, H-IIA rocket and H-IIB rocket related to development" was collected and transmitted to the outside, and this fact was reported in the same month. Announced on the 1th[38][39]..On the 30thMitsubishi Heavy IndustriesAlso announced that space business related information may have been leaked to the outside due to the new virus.[40].

The survey results were announced on February 2013, 2.The infection route of the virus that caused the information leakage isGreat East Japan Earthquake4 days laterMay 3The staff opened the attached file of the spoofing e-mail disguised as a guide to the relief payment to the victims sent to the victim without noticing it.[41]..The information stored on the infected device is 2011May 3Continued to be sent to the outside for 2012 year and 11 months from November 21, 1[42].

Detected in August 2013

A regular inspection of the JAXA server was conducted on April 2013, 4, and it was found that someone had illegally invaded the server at midnight on April 18, using the ID password of an employee working at the Tsukuba Space Station. found.It was also found that this may have leaked information on "reference information used to prepare for the operation of the International Space Station Japanese Experiment Module" Kibo "" and "multiple mailing lists of people involved in the operation of" Kibo "". However, JAXA announced this fact on the 4rd of the same month.[43][44]..According to the announcement, unauthorized access is with JapanChugokuInformation that may have been leaked is 18 cases such as Kibo's work procedure manual, JAXA andNASA It is said that it is a list of email addresses of about 190 people including (NASA) staff.[45].

Corruption case

Other scandals

  • May 2013, 5, JAXAKakuda Space CenterA 46-year-old senior researcher who worked at JAXA colluded with a woman he met around 2009 and was involved in JAXA's rocket development.ProgramA fictitious order for renewal was made, and in April 2011, JAXA transferred about 4 yen in cash to a paper company in Tokyo, which was represented by the woman.Miyagi Prefectural PoliceToscamHe was arrested with the woman on suspicion.The senior researcher was subsequently convicted in 2016 and disciplined and dismissed.[46][47][48].

Corporate slogan

Since the inauguration of JAXA, "Challenge the sky and open up the universe" has been used, but in October 10, "Explore to Realize" was newly established to commemorate the 2013th anniversary of the inauguration of JAXA.[49].

Image Song

From the songs recruited by JAXA in the "JAXA Space Music Recruitment Campaign" conducted from the end of 2004 (16) to the summer of 2005 (17), it became the Grand Prix as a result of judging by judges and general voting. Ta E.Bakay / Vocal Yuko Kawai"Radio Emission" was adopted as the image song of JAXA.In addition, it is released together with other works that participated in the final judging committee.[50].

Japanese government space development related organizations related to JAXA

Highest strategic decision-making body

On August 2008, 8, with the aim of promoting unified space development by integrating the space development policies divided by each ministry and agency.Basic Law of the UniverseIs enforced,CabinetBecame the highest strategic decision-making body in Japan's Basic Space PlanSpace Development Strategy HeadquartersIs installed.HeadquartersPrime Minister, Deputy General ManagerChief Cabinet SecretaryMinister of Space Policy, Headquarters members are allSecretary of StateWill work to formulate the Space Basic Plan, which will be the basic policy for Japan's space development.The Space Basic Plan process chart attached to the Space Basic Plan shows the long-term schedule for the development and launch of spacecraft by Japanese space agencies, including JAXA.Office functions will be described laterCabinet OfficeSpace Development Strategy Promotion Secretariat.

Planning / inter-ministerial coordinating body

On July 2012, 7, the Space Strategy Office, which has about 13 personnel and is headed by the Space Deputy Director, who formulates space policies and coordinates integration between ministries.Cabinet OfficeIt was launched under.The Space Strategy Office, which serves as a command tower for government officials such as each ministry and JAXA, makes plans for space development and coordinates each ministry, reports the space development plan formulated to the Space Policy Committee, and is under investigation and deliberation. It was.The director of the Space Strategy OfficeCabinet SecretariatIn addition to acting as the deputy secretary general of the Space Strategy Headquarters, some executives of the Space Strategy Office were also secretary-generals with the Space Strategy Headquarters Secretariat. On April 2016, 4, the Secretariat of the Space Development Strategy Headquarters was abolished as part of the slimming down of the Cabinet Secretariat, and the Space Strategy Office of the Cabinet Office was opened.Space Development Strategy Promotion SecretariatIt was reorganized to take over the administrative functions of the Space Development Strategy Headquarters.[51][52].Quasi-zenith satellite systemIs under the jurisdiction of the Cabinet Office, so the Quasi-Zenith Satellite System Strategy Office has been set up within the Space Development Strategy Promotion Secretariat.[53].

Plan deliberation and evaluation organization

Until July 2012, 7, JAXA will be attached to the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology.Council(First in 1968)Prime Minister's OfficeInstalled)[54]Deliberation and evaluation of the space development plan by[55]Was deliberated and evaluated by the Aviation Science and Technology Research Plan.

In July 2012, the Space Development Committee of the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology was abolished with the establishment of the Space Strategy Office, and the validity of the space development plan was deliberated and the ministry and space were consulted by the Prime Minister of the Space Development Strategy Headquarters. Consists of up to 7 part-time experts who make recommendations to the agencySpace Policy CommitteeAnd each subcommittee under the committee was also established under the Cabinet Office.[56].

Looking at the ministries and agencies in charge of JAXA, in the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, where the Space Development Committee was abolished, the Research Planning and Evaluation Subcommittee of the Science and Technology Council and the Space Development and Utilization Subcommittee and the Aeronautical Science and Technology Committee are the books. In addition to deliberating and evaluating corporate research and development[57][58]Since 2015, the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency Subcommittee and the Cabinet Office Space Policy have been established in common under the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications, Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, and the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry. The Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency Subcommittee, which was established under the committee, also deliberates and evaluates the entire corporation.[59].. JAXA will be in charge of space development under the guidance and supervision of these organizations.The main deliberation and evaluation organizations for 2019 (Heisei 31) are listed below.

Cabinet Office

  • Space Policy Committee
    • Space Security Subcommittee
    • Space Consumer Utilization Subcommittee
    • Space Industry / Science and Technology Infrastructure Subcommittee
      • Space Legislation Subcommittee
      • Space Science and Exploration Subcommittee
    • Subcommittee of Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency

Ministry of education

  • Science and Technology Council Research Planning and Evaluation Subcommittee Space Development and Utilization Subcommittee
  • Science and Technology Council Research Planning and Evaluation Subcommittee Aviation Science and Technology Committee

Common to the Ministry of General Affairs, Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry

  • Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency Subcommittee, National Research and Development Corporation Council

Related organizations other than the Japanese government related to JAXA

Management and operation destination

Member organizations / secretariat

  • Corporation
  • Corporation
  • Corporation
  • Space Development Council (Industry-Government-Academia Collaboration Organization)

Business consignment / partner

Member organization

footnote

[How to use footnotes]
  1. ^ History of Japanese space development 21st century, JAXA Information Center
  2. ^ World-leading Japanese astronomy, JAXA
  3. ^ The results of "Hinode" are on the cover and special feature of the scientific magazine "Science"!, Astro Arts
  4. ^ Science magazine "Science" publishes "Kaguya" special issue, Astro Arts
  5. ^ "About the issuance of the special edition of" Hayabusa "in the American scientific journal" Science "" (Press Release), JAXA, (September 2011, 8), https://www.jaxa.jp/press/2011/08/20110826_hayabusa_j.html 
  6. ^ Certified as "Hayabusa" Guinness World Records, JAXA
  7. ^ Seiji Tanaka "World's first space yacht JAXA "Icarus" certified by Guinness"Asahi Shimbun], January 2012, 12.2020/1/11Browse. "CurrentlyInternet archiveRemains in
  8. ^ "Congratulations on the successful launch! Successful launch of H-IIA rocket No. 29, communication satellite "Telstar 12Vantage"”. Sorae.jp (August 2015, 11). 2015/12/9Browse.
  9. ^ Successful insertion of "Akatsuki" orbit to Japan's first planetary exploration JAXA December 2015, 12
  10. ^ SS-520 No. 5 certified by Guinness World Records (R) JAXA December 2018, 4
  11. ^ Flying at the lowest altitude in the world JAXA's earth observation satellite certified by Guinness Sankei Shimbun March 2019, 12
  12. ^ "Cyber ​​attack on JAXA etc. or document sending of Chinese Communist Party members”(Japanese). Nihon Keizai Shimbun (September 2021, 4). 2021/4/20Browse.
  13. ^ 23 World Space Infrastructure Data Book Rocket Edition Archived August 2014, 8, at the Wayback Machine., Japan Aerospace Industry Association
  14. ^ "About the launch of the H-II Transfer Vehicle Kounotori 3 (HTV3)" (Press Release), JAXA, (September 2012, 7), https://www.jaxa.jp/press/2012/07/20120719_kounotori3_j.html 
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v "Space Basic Plan Process Chart (Reiwa XNUMXst year revision plan) (PDF)". Space Development Strategy Headquarters. Cabinet Office (September 2019, 12). 2019/12/13Browse.
  16. ^ Naoki Tsukamoto (September 2017, 9). "" H-IIA "rocket, launch contract for the first Inmarsat satellite" Inmarsat-6 "scheduled for 2020". sorae.jp. https://sorae.info/030201/2017_09_12_mhi.html 2017/9/13Browse. 
  17. ^ a b “Review of H3 rocket development plan” (Press Release), JAXA, (September 2020, 9), https://www.jaxa.jp/press/2020/09/20200911-2_j.html 
  18. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Space Basic Plan Process Chart (Reiwa 2st year revision plan) Part XNUMX (PDF)". Space Development Strategy Headquarters. Cabinet Office (September 2019, 12). 2019/12/13Browse.
  19. ^ "EXPLORERES PROGRAM”. NASA. 2019/3/14Browse.
  20. ^ Space Development and Utilization Subcommittee (November 2012, 11). “About the 28 Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology space-related budget budget request (PDF)". Space Development and Utilization SubcommitteeMinistry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology. P. 3. 2015/9/20Browse.
  21. ^ "Inmarsat of the United Kingdom and Mitsubishi Heavy Industries agree to launch the new core rocket H3 for the first time with a private company. The launch is scheduled for 2022 or later." (Press release), Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, (March 2018, 12), https://www.mhi.com/jp/news/story/181206.html 2018/12/6Browse. 
  22. ^ "JUICE exploration schedule”. JAXA. 2019/1/15Browse.
  23. ^ NEC receives an order for Vietnam Earth observation satellite "LOTU Sat-1"NEC Press Release April 2020, 4
  24. ^ ISAS News Editorial Board: “ISAS News January 2016 No.1 (PDF)”. Institute of Space and Astronautical Science. P. 3 (January 2016, 1). 2016/1/26Browse.
  25. ^ ISAS selects Solar-C (EUVST) for publicly offered small No. 4 machine ISAS June 2020, 6
  26. ^ Aviation Technology Division Experimental Aircraft Report From October 2011, 10
  27. ^ a b c Takeshi Ueno (Nisseikiso Research Institute) (October 2010, 10). “The eighth: In the limelight with "Hayabusa"!Japan's space budget is "8 billion yen"". Economics from the age of 23 to understand with numbers. Nippon Life Insurance. 2020/1/11Browse. “Currently remains in the Internet Archive”
  28. ^ a b About Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency's business and future issues March 22, 3 (
  29. ^ a b Current status and future direction of Japan's space transportation system February 23, 2 (PDF) Prime Minister's Office Official Website Space Development Strategy Headquarters)
  30. ^ "Social and Environmental Report 2010(Report), (PDF) Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, 2010, pp. 28-29.2020/1/11Browse. "From" JAXA's Management Plan, Organization and Personnel ""
  31. ^ "Officer figure”. JAXA (May 2020, 4). 2020/7/23Browse.
  32. ^ “Mr. Yamakawa appointed as JAXA Chairman”. Nihon Keizai Shimbun(July 2018, 3). https://www.nikkei.com/article/DGXMZO2861760027032018EAF000/ 2018/9/9Browse. 
  33. ^ "Organization chart (PDF)”. JAXA (May 2016, 3). 2016/3/6Browse.
  34. ^ “About the outbreak of computer virus infection in JAXA” (Press Release), JAXA, (September 2012, 1), https://www.jaxa.jp/press/2012/01/20120113_security_j.html 
  35. ^ a b “Results of investigation on computer virus infection” (Press Release), JAXA, (September 2012, 3), https://www.jaxa.jp/press/2012/03/20120327_security_j.html 
  36. ^ Virus, information on "Stork", etc. may be leaked to JAXA's personal computer It pro January 2012, 1
  37. ^ Virus infection is suspected to be targeted email, and NASA-related information is leaked ITmedia July 2012, 1
  38. ^ "About the occurrence of computer virus infection and the possibility of information leakage in JAXA" (Press Release), JAXA, (September 2012, 11), https://www.jaxa.jp/press/2012/11/20121130_security_j.html 
  39. ^ PC virus infection in Japan Aerospace Exploration Rocket information leak? Nihon Keizai Shimbun January 2012, 11
  40. ^ Virus infection at Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Space-related information leaked? Nihon Keizai Shimbun January 2012, 11
  41. ^ The cause of JAXA virus infection is earthquake email NHK News ・ Dated February 2013, 2 << Retrieved January 20, 2020; Currently remains in the Internet Archive >>
  42. ^ “Results of investigation on computer virus infection in JAXA” (Press Release), JAXA, (September 2013, 2), https://www.jaxa.jp/press/2013/02/20130219_security_j.html 
  43. ^ “Unauthorized access to JAXA's server from the outside” (Press Release), JAXA, (September 2013, 4), https://www.jaxa.jp/press/2013/04/20130423_security_j.html 
  44. ^ “Unauthorized access to JAXA again”. NHK News (NHK). (April 2013, 4). オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2013, 4.. https://megalodon.jp/2013-0424-0948-29/www3.nhk.or.jp/news/html/20130423/t10014130401000.html 2013/4/22Browse. 
  45. ^ Kibo information leaked ... Unauthorized access to JAXA, connecting from Japan and China.No hindrance to operation --Sankei News ・ Dated April 2013, 4 << Retrieved January 23, 2020; Currently remains in the Internet Archive >>
  46. ^ "JAXA staff arrested on suspicion of fraud to deceive 97 yen by fictitious order Miyagi Prefectural Police"MSN Sankei News], January 2013, 5.2020/1/11Browse. "Currently remains in internet archives"
  47. ^ "Former JAXA employee orders compensation for disguised order for R & D work"SANSPO.COM], January 2019, 1.2020/1/11Browse.
  48. ^ “About the arrest of the staff of the organization” (Press Release), JAXA, (September 2013, 5), https://www.jaxa.jp/press/2013/05/20130514_incident_j.html 
  49. ^ “About the new JAXA philosophy and corporate slogan” (Press Release), JAXA, (September 2013, 10), https://www.jaxa.jp/press/2013/10/20131009_jaxa_j.html 
  50. ^ JAXA image song --JAXA << Retrieved January 2020, 1; Currently remains in the Internet Archive >>
  51. ^ Review of operations of Cabinet Office and Cabinet Secretariat, abolish four organizations Administrative Reform Council Nihon Keizai Shimbun January 2016, 1
  52. ^ Cabinet Office Home> Space Policy
  53. ^ Cabinet Office Home> Organization / System> About the Cabinet Office> Executive List
  54. ^ Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology: Space Development Committee Page *Currently remains in the Internet archive
  55. ^ Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology: Aviation Science and Technology Committee page
  56. ^ Material of the 7th Space Development Strategy Headquarters, Space Development Strategy Headquarters
  57. ^ "About the investigation and deliberation of the Space Development and Utilization Subcommittee (8th term)”. Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (December 2016, 4). 2016/6/15Browse.
  58. ^ "Roadmap for promoting research and development related to aviation science and technology (2013)”. Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (December 2013, 6). 2016/6/15Browse.
  59. ^ "About how to proceed with the 26 business performance evaluation (PDF)”. Space Policy Committee. 2016/6/15Browse.

Reference document

Treaties / Agreements / Decrees / Cabinet Orders

  • Original Space Law(Site in JAXA)
  • Cabinet Office, Space Planning Committee materials
  • Science Council of Japan, Part 3 Material
  • Inter-ministerial liaison conference, space utilization promotion council

R&D related

Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency R & D materials

Data collection

Space development portal

Related books

Related item

外部 リンク


 

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