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🧳 | "Feel the sky and the wind" Enjoy a trip on an open bus comfortably even in the corona


Photo The main tower of Megami Bridge seen from the seat of the open bus = Nagasaki city

"Feel the sky and the wind" Enjoy a trip on an open bus comfortably even in the corona

 
If you write the contents roughly
If you show your ID, the citizens of the prefecture will get XNUMX yen.
 

On the 16th, the Nagasaki Sightseeing Bus (Nagasaki City) is an open bus "Sora-style bus ..." with the ceiling of the large bus open. → Continue reading

 Nagasaki Shimbun


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Thousand yen bill

Thousand yen bill(Sensei) isBank of Japan notesOne (including Bank of Japan convertible ticket).Thousand yen ticket(Senenken),Thousand-yen billFace value 1,000, also known as (Senen Satsu)Yen Ofbill..It is the minimum face value of the currently issued Bank of Japan notes.

The XNUMX yen bills currently issued are2004(Heisei16 years)Hideyo Noguchi OfPortrait OfE ticket.

In addition, there are formerly issued A, B, C, and D tickets.There are five types of 5-yen banknotes issued so far, and all other than A is currently valid. ..

Kou ticket

Ministry of Finance Notification No. 1942 "Convertible Banknotes 17 Yen Tickets" on April 4, 16[1]The style of banknotes is defined in.The main specifications are as follows[2].

  • Bank of Japan convertible ticket
  • Face value Senju (1,000 yen)
  • 表面 Nippon TaketakaTakebe ShrineMain hall
  • 裏面
  • seal <Front side> Governor's seal <Back side> Document director, issuing director
  • Nameplate Manufactured by Cabinet Printing Bureau
  • Serial number specifications
    • Serial number color Black
    • Serial number structure <Symbol> Group number: "{" + 1 digit + "}" <Number> Serial number: 6 digits
  • Size Vertical 100mm, Horizontal 172 mm[1]
  • Manufacturing results
    • Delivery period from the Printing Bureau to the Bank of Japan 1941(Showa16 years)May 12 - 1943(18)May 9[2]
    • Symbol (group number) range 1-9 (manufactured 1 sheets per symbol)[2]
    • Manufacturing number 8,100,000[3]
  • Issuance start date 1945(20)May 8[4](Notification:1942(17)May 4[Note 1]
  • General suspension date 1946(21)May 3[5](Only for tickets with certificate stamps, 1946 (Showa 21)May 10[6]
  • Revocation ticket

Second World WarAfterinflationFor a solutionFinancial Emergency Measures OrdinanceSuch asNew yen switchIt is the highest amount banknote before (old yen).

Due to concerns about wartime inflation, it was necessary to prepare more high-priced tickets.1941Started production in (Showa 16)[7].1942(Showa 17)Ministry of FinancenoticeThe form and publication start date were announced in February 1942 (Showa 17).Bank of Japan ActWith the enforcement, after May 1942, 17 (Showa 5), it will not be possible to issue new banknotes using the name of "convertible banknotes" except for the ticket types that have been issued before, so it has already been manufactured. It is a formal one that aims to prevent the situation where the former banknotes cannot be issued.[7]..Since it was issued under such circumstances, it will be kept dead by the Bank of Japan for several years after it is issued.[7].

And right after the end of the war1945(Showa20 years)May 8Distribution started with the issuance of other new banknotes[7], Less than a year after the issue due to the change of new yen,1946(Showa 21) It expired on March 3nd.The number of production is 2 (of which the number of issuance is unknown).Even after expirationCertificate stampA "banknote with a certificate stamp" was issued as a temporary substitute for a new style ticket (new yen), and was distributed and accepted.With the expansion of the distribution of new yen, this "banknote with a certificate stamp" is also available.1946It expired at the end of October.

On the right side of the surfaceFukuiYoshidaEiheiji TownIt is inNihonmatsuyama TombExcavated fromKofun period"Made of gold and bronzecrown"and"TankoThe portrait of Yamato Takeru wearing "" is drawn.[7]..For the portrait of Yamato Takeru, refer to documents, paintings and sculptures.Imperial Museumcurator OfYasunosuke SekiBased on the evidence ofNobuhito TakamatsuIt is said that it was designed as a model[7]..On the left side of the surfaceShigaOtsu CityThe main shrine of Takebe Shrine (currently Takebe Shrine)[Note 2]Is drawn[7]..On the contourArabesque patternOthers,Jewel, Treasure Soka,Paulownia crestIs studded, and as a ground pattern, an eight-sided mirror-shaped outline and the outsideMizuun, Treasure Soka,chrysanthemumIs treated[7].. Although it is written as "Bank of Japan voucher", it has already been issued at the time of the actual issuance.1942(Showa 17) DecemberBank of Japan ActSince the gold standard was abolished by the enforcement, it is practically and legallyFiat moneyIt was treated as a gold coin and was not converted into gold coins.

On the back side, along with the Aya crest, Hosoka,Paulownia,Arabesque patternEtc. are printed[7]..At the right end of the back side, the "Bank of Japan" cut-off characters (characters printed so as to straddle the inside and outside of the face of the ticket like a tally) are placed.[7].

透 か しIs with the letters "1000"PhoenixIs the design of[7]..To make it easier to see the watermark pattern, the central part with the watermark is printed only with characters and a light print color background pattern.[8].

The number of colors used is 7 colors on the front side (breakdown is 1 main pattern by concave printing, 4 background patterns, 1 color of seal, 1 color of serial number), 4 colors on the back side (breakdown is 1 main pattern by concave printing, ground pattern). 2 colors, 1 color of seal / cut letter)[9][2].

In addition, the A ticket of XNUMX yen (A thousand yen ticket) Was not issued after all.In this way, the Kosen ticket was a short-lived, ultra-high-priced ticket.Since the number of issued tickets is small and most of the tickets are collected because of the high price, the number of existing tickets is not large.2014(26) When converted to the current price, it is equivalent to about 180 million yen.In addition, the modern old coin value of this banknote can be worth tens of thousands of yen or more.

In addition, some of the manufactured Kosen tickets were produced immediately after the end of the war in August 1945 (Showa 20).Taiwan BankAfter being handed over to the bank and overprinting the bank name and seal on the back sideTaiwanBut it was issued[7][Note 3].

B ticket

Ministry of Finance Notification No. 1949 on December 24, 12 (Matters to determine the format of the Bank of Japan notes issued from January 28, 1048)[10]The style of banknotes is defined in.

  • Bank of Japan notes
  • Face value Thousand yen (1,000 yen)
  • 表面 Prince Shotoku
  • 裏面 Horyuji templeYumeden
  • seal <Front side> Governor's seal <Back side> Ticketing director
  • Nameplate Manufactured by the Government of Japan Printing Agency
  • Serial number specifications
    • Serial number color Black
    • Serial number structure Symbol: Alphabet 1-2 characters + Serial number: 6 digits + Symbol: Alphabet 1 character
  • Size Length 76 mm, width 164 mm[10]
  • Manufacturing results
    • Delivery period from the Printing Bureau to the Bank of Japan : 1949(24)May 11 - 1963(38)May 8[2]
    • Manufacturing number 2,825,000,000[3]
  • Issuance start date 1950(25)May 1[10]
  • Stop payment date 1965(40)May 1[11]
  • Valid ticket

inflationFor the purpose of suppressionNew yen switchA new banknote (No. A) was issued in Japan, but the issuance of a XNUMX-yen note was planned but was postponed as a result.[Note 4].. However, inflation continued after that, and the amount of issuance of A-hundred-yen notes increased significantly, requiring higher-value banknotes. In addition, since the poorly made A ticket was rampant, the B thousand yen ticket preceded other B tickets.1950Issued in.

A portrait of Prince Shotoku is drawn on the right side of the surface, and the circular frame surrounding the portrait is of Horyuji Temple.Old roof tilePattern, treasure soka on the top and bottom of the centerArabesque pattern, The ground pattern is owned by Horyuji TempleTamamushi Shrine"Transparent metal fittingsBalance"Pattern" is decorated.Horyuji Yumeden is on the left side of the back, and Horyuji Yumeden is on the right side.ShosoinIt depicts a part of the textile pattern of the Imperial Treasure "Four Knights Shishi Karibun Nishiki".OnceYuan ticket,Yuan ticketAlthough not so much, many designs related to Horyuji Temple and Shosoin, which are related to Prince Shotoku in portraiture, are adopted.

This is the first Japanese banknote that uses the 1-digit or 2-digit alphabet + 6-digit number + 1-digit alphabet format, that is, the format such as "A123456B" or "AB123456C", and it is the C issue as it is.・ Used for D and E tickets.

Unlike the high-priced Bank of Japan notes issued up to the A ticket, the size of the face of the note is horizontally long, and the style similar to this has been inherited since then.透 か しWith the letters "BOJ"Cherry blossomAlthough it is a design of, it is difficult to confirm because it overlaps with the printing.

The number of colors used is 5 colors on the front side (breakdown is 1 main pattern by concave printing, 2 background patterns, 1 color of seal, 1 color of serial number), 3 colors on the back side (breakdown is 1 main pattern by concave printing, ground pattern). 1 color, 1 color of seal).

C ticket

Ministry of Finance Notification No. 1963, March 38, 3 (Showa 5) "Matters to determine the format of the Bank of Japan note 55 yen to be issued in XNUMX"[12]The style of banknotes is defined in.

  • Bank of Japan notes
  • Face value Thousand yen (1,000 yen)
  • 表面 Ito Hirobumi[12]
  • 裏面 Bank of Japan Head Office Main Building
  • seal <Front side> Governor's seal <Back side> Ticketing director
  • Nameplate Manufactured by Ministry of Finance Printing Bureau
  • Serial number specifications
    • Serial number color Black / blue (2 types depending on the manufacturing time)
    • Serial number structure Symbol: Alphabet 1-2 characters + Serial number: 6 digits + Symbol: Alphabet 1 character
  • Size Length 76 mm, width 164 mm[12]
  • Manufacturing results
    • Delivery period from the Printing Bureau to the Bank of Japan 1963(38)May 5 - 1984(59)May 1[2]
    • Manufacturing number [3]
      • 12,960,000,000 sheets [serial number: black]
      • 12,478,000,000 sheets [serial number: blue]
  • Issuance start date 1963(38)[12]May 11[13]
  • Stop payment date 1986(Showa 61) January 1[11]
  • Valid ticket

Forgery of B-thousand yen ticket due to improvement of printing technology[Note 5]Was newly issued due to frequent occurrence.

Regarding the background of the design decision, there were Prince Shotoku's continuation of Plan A, Eiichi Shibusawa of Plan B, and Hirobumi Ito of Plan C, but Plan A was rejected because Prince Shotoku's continuation was strange, B Eiichi Shibusawa of the plan was also left in the final selection, but at that time it was rejected because a person with a beard was mainly used to prevent counterfeiting, and Hirobumi Ito of the plan C was finally adopted.The design that was not adoptedBanknote and Postage Stamp MuseumIt is possible to confirm in the exhibit of.

Hirobumi Ito (first generation) on the right side of the surfacePrime Minister) Portrait, at the bottomchrysanthemumAs a ground pattern, the treasure soka pattern and "Mrs. Tachibana's memorial Buddha kitchen" in the Horyuji collectionLight, On the upper left or rightCherry blossomIt is treated.The main building of the Bank of Japan Head Office is drawn in the center of the back.It has a very open design that removes the heavy frame-shaped outline frame that existed in conventional Bank of Japan notes.

透 か しIs the same as the portrait, but Hirobumi Ito has a profile unlike the portrait, and unlike the previous B ticket, that part is not printed, so this can be easily confirmed.

The serial number is in the same 1-digit or 2-digit alphabet + 6-digit number + 1-digit alphabet format as the currently issued banknote.The initial serial number color was black[12]However, for the first time in history, 129 million copies of this type of serial number were issued and the serial number went through.1976(51)May 7Issued[14][15]The color of the serial number is blue[16]Was changed to.

The table below summarizes the details of the transition of the C XNUMX yen note.

Issuance start dateDelivery period to the Bank of Japan[2]Serial number colorReason for change
1963[12]May 11[13]September 1963, 38 (Showa 5)-
1976May 4
Black
1976[16]May 7[14]September 1976, 51 (Showa 4)-
March 1984, 59 (Showa 1)
blueSerial number combination exhaustion

For banknotes with black serial numbers,Okinawa OfReturn to mainlandThere is a special symbol ticket that accompanies this, and only a small number of specific combinations of alphabetic characters in serial numbers correspond to this, but the number of existing ones is very small.

The number of colors used is 10 colors on the front side (breakdown is 2 main pattern by concave printing, 6 background patterns, 1 color of seal, 1 color of serial number), 5 colors on the back side (breakdown is 1 main pattern by concave printing, ground pattern). 3 color, 1 color of seal).

Ticket D

Ministry of Finance Notification No. 1984, June 59, 6 (Matters to determine the style of Bank of Japan notes issued from November 25, 76, Ichi XNUMX yen, XNUMX yen and XNUMX yen"[17]The style of banknotes is defined in.

  • Bank of Japan notes
  • Face value Thousand yen (1,000 yen)
  • 表面 Natsume Soseki[17]
  • 裏面 Japanese crane(Tancho)
  • seal <Front side> Governor's seal (special light emitting ink after mini reprint) <Back side> Ticketing director (special light emitting ink after mini reprint)
  • Nameplate Ministry of Finance Printing Bureau Manufacturing / Ministry of Finance Printing Bureau Manufacturing / National Printing Bureau Manufacturing (3 types depending on the manufacturing time)
  • Serial number specifications
    • Serial number color Black / blue / brown / dark green (4 types depending on the manufacturing time)
    • Serial number structure Symbol: Alphabet 1-2 characters + Serial number: 6 digits + Symbol: Alphabet 1 character
  • Size Length 76 mm, width 150 mm[17]
  • Manufacturing results
    • Delivery period from the Printing Bureau to the Bank of Japan 1983(58)May 8[2] - 2003(Heisei15 years)
    • Manufacturing number [18]
      • 12,960,000,000 sheets [serial number: black]
      • 5,832,900,000 sheets [serial number: blue]
      • 12,960,000,000 sheets [serial number: brown]
      • 1,341,900,000 sheets [serial number: dark green, Ministry of Finance name]
      • 4,980,000,000 sheets [serial number: dark green, Ministry of Finance name]
      • 245,200,000 sheets [serial number: dark green, national inscription]
  • Issuance start date 1984(59)May 11[17]
  • Stop payment date 2007(19)May 4[11]
  • Valid ticket

Approximately 20 years have passed since the issuance of the C issue, and the printing technology and anti-counterfeiting technology have become obsolete, so the D thousand yen ticket was issued.D XNUMX yen ticket,D XNUMX yen ticketIn addition, the three ticket types will be reprinted at the same time, and the D ticket at each face value will be a portraitCultural personWas adopted. The B-thousand-yen note and the C-thousand-yen note were the same size, but this D-thousand-yen note was 14 mm shorter on the long side (the short side remains the same).The size of this D-thousand-yen note is followed even after the later E-thousand-yen note.

For the portrait of the XNUMX-yen noteNovelistNatsume Soseki was selected, and a portrait is drawn on the right side of the surface.In addition, the photograph of the original pictureEmperor Meiji OfdemiseIt was taken shortly after, and because Soseki himself was also an ardent worshiper of Emperor Meiji.MourningIt is a portrait wearing a black tie inside.On the back side with a blank in the center on both sidesSpecial Natural MonumentIsKushiro shitsugenThe pair of Japanese cranes is drawn, and the left side is, Right sidefemaleIs.Also, in the center of the ticket透 か しPart ofellipseThe blank space is the red-crowned craneeggIt is an image of the shape of.

Many of the Bank of Japan notes have the Bank of Japan insignia only on the back side, but this D-thousand-yen note is one of the few cases where the Bank of Japan insignia is also included in the place where the letters on the front face value overlap. one of.

The watermark is Natsume Soseki, the same as the portrait.Visually impairedIdentification mark in the lower left corner when viewed from the surface so that the ticket type can be easily identified by touch[Note 6]Is given by a watermark.

The color of the initial serial number was black,[17], 129 million sheets have been issued and the serial number has gone round, so the color of the serial number has changed to blue from the issue on November 6, 1990 (Heisei 2)[19].1993(5)May 12Change the color of the serial number from the issue to brown[20]WithMicro character,UVLuminous ink (UVInk that emits light when irradiated.Front seal "Governor's seal" (orange light emission), back seal "Ticketing director" (red light emission), etc.Counterfeit billPreventive technology is applied (mini reprint).

This brown serial number also issued 129 million copies and the serial number went through, so2000(12)May 4From the issue, the color of the serial number was changed to dark green[21].. For dark green serial numbers, the manufacturer initiallyMinistry of FinancePrinting Bureau"[17],2001(13)May 5From the issue "Ministry of FinancePrinting Bureau"[22], 2003May 7From the issue "National Printing Bureau'[23]There are three types.

The table below summarizes the details of the transition of the D 6 yen note.It is divided into the following XNUMX types.

Issuance start dateSerial number colorMicro charactersealName plate (manufacturer name)Reason for change
March 1984, 59 (Showa 11)[17]BlackNoneNo special light emissionManufactured by Ministry of Finance Printing Bureau
1990 (Heisei 2)/11/1[19]blueNoneNo special light emissionManufactured by Ministry of Finance Printing BureauSerial number combination exhaustion
1993 (Heisei 5)/12/1[20]brownYesWith special light emissionManufactured by Ministry of Finance Printing BureauStyle change to improve anti-counterfeiting power (mini reprint)
2000 (Heisei 12)/4/3[21]Dark greenYesWith special light emissionManufactured by Ministry of Finance Printing BureauSerial number combination exhaustion
2001 (Heisei 13)/5/14[22]Dark greenYesWith special light emissionManufactured by the Printing Bureau of the Ministry of FinanceManufacturer's organizational change
2003 (Heisei 15)/7/1[23]Dark greenYesWith special light emissionManufactured by the National Printing BureauManufacturer's organizational change

The number of colors used is 9 colors on the front side (breakdown is 2 main pattern by concave printing, 5 background patterns, 1 color of seal, 1 color of serial number), 4 colors on the back side (breakdown is 1 main pattern by concave printing, ground pattern). 2 color, 1 color of seal).

E ticket

Ministry of Finance Notification No. 2004 on August 16, 8 "Establishes the forms of Bank of Japan notes Ichi 13 yen, 374 yen and XNUMX yen, which will be issued from November XNUMX, XNUMX. Case "[24]The style of banknotes is defined in.

  • Bank of Japan notes
  • Face value Thousand yen (1,000 yen)
  • 表面 Hideyo Noguchi[24]
  • 裏面 Mount Fuji(Lake MotosuReflected inUpside down fuji)WhenCherry Blossoms
  • seal <Front side> Governor's seal (special light emitting ink) <Back side> Ticketing director
  • Nameplate Manufactured by the National Printing Bureau
  • Serial number specifications
    • Serial number color Black / brown / dark blue (3 types depending on the manufacturing time)
    • Serial number structure Symbol: Alphabet 1-2 characters + Serial number: 6 digits + Symbol: Alphabet 1 character
  • Size Length 76 mm, width 150 mm[24]
  • Issuance start date 2004(16)May 11[24]
  • Issuing
  • Valid ticket

Twenty years have passed since the issuance of the D ticket, and since elaborate counterfeit tickets have been discovered, the same as last time.E XNUMX yen ticket,E XNUMX yen ticketIn addition, the three ticket types were reprinted at the same time.The basic color is inherited from the same color tone as the D ticket, and the E thousand yen ticket isD XNUMX yen ticketSame asblueIt is a systematic shade.

On the right side of the surfaceBacteriologyA portrait of Hideyo Noguchi is drawn, and on the left side of the back is Mt. Fuji, which is a representative mountain of Japan, and upside-down Fuji reflected in Lake Motosu.is thisKoyo OkadaShooting "Spring on the lake"写真The original picture is based onD XNUMX yen ticketSame as, but with slightly different details and on the leftAkamatsuSakuraka is added instead of.In addition, cherry blossoms are also decorated on the right end of the back side as a ground pattern.透 か しIs Hideyo Noguchi, the same as the portrait.

Anti-counterfeit technology excludes optical change inkD XNUMX yen ticketOf these, pearl ink is placed on the left and right ends of the ticket, and on this ticket, it is printed as the letters "thousand yen" on the latent image pattern on the lower left. It is characteristic that it is.In addition, a new "plow-in bar pattern" has been adopted, in which the paper is thinned to the right side when viewed from the front, and a plow is inserted, and the 1-yen bill has one vertical bar plow near the right side of the portrait. ..For special luminescent ink,UVUpon irradiation, the front seal "Governor's Seal" (unlike the D ticket, the back seal "Ticketing Director" does not emit light) emits orange light, and part of the ground pattern on the front and back surfaces emits yellow green light.

In addition, although it has not been officially announced, the front and back sides of "D", "Ho", and "N" (Japan)KatakanaIs included as a secret mark, following the D XNUMX yen noteEurionHas also been adopted.HoweverE XNUMX yen ticket,E XNUMX yen ticketUnlikehologramHas not been adopted.

Visually impairedThere are uneven prints on the left and right sides of the bottom edge of the bill so that you can identify the denomination by touching it.[25].. The E 3-yen note is L-shaped in the lower left corner and the inverted L-shaped in the lower right corner, the E-XNUMX-yen note is octagonal, the D-XNUMX-yen note is three circles (braille "ni"), and the E-thousand-yen note is _ (Underlined)[26]. Also,National Printing BureauHas provided an app "Kaiyoshi-kun" that can be identified and read aloud on a smartphone.[27].

The serial number was printed in black at the time of issuance, but as the combination was exhausted by issuing 129 million sheets, the Bank of Japan and the Ministry of Finance2011(23)May 7Started issuing tickets with brown serial numbers[28][29][30]..In addition, the brown numbered ticket was exhausted by issuing 129 million tickets.2019(31)May 3Changed to dark blue from the issue[31][32][33]..This is the first time in history that the print color of serial numbers has been changed twice in a row due to the exhaustion of serial number combinations in Japanese banknotes.[Note 7].

The table below summarizes the details of the transition of the E-thousand yen note.

Issuance start dateSerial number colorReason for change
2004 (Heisei 16)/11/1[24]Black
2011 (Heisei 23)/7/19[28]brownSerial number combination exhaustion
2019 (Heisei 31)/3/18[31]Navy blueSerial number combination exhaustion

The number of colors used is 13 colors on the front side (breakdown is 2 main pattern by concave printing, 9 background patterns, 1 color of seal, 1 color of serial number), 7 colors on the back side (breakdown is 1 main pattern by concave printing, ground pattern). 5 color, 1 color of seal).

New banknotes to be issued in 2024

  • Bank of Japan notes
  • Face value Thousand yen (1,000 yen)
  • 表面 Kitasato Shiba Saburo
  • 裏面 Katsushika HokusaiBrush "Kanagawa Surfing"(Thirty-six views of FutakiThan)
  • seal <Front side> Governor's seal <Back side> Ticketing director
  • Nameplate Manufactured by the National Printing Bureau
  • Serial number specifications
    • Serial number color Black
    • Serial number structure Symbol: 2 alphabetic characters + serial number: 6 digits + symbol: 2 alphabetic characters
  • Size Length 76 mm, width 150 mm
  • Issuance start date 2024(Reiwa 6 years) Scheduled for the first half
  • Unissued

2024(Reiwa 6th year) Around the first half of the year, XNUMX yen tickets for the purpose of strengthening counterfeit resistanceXNUMX yen ticket-XNUMX yen ticket3 ticket types will be reprinted at the same time[34]..According to the examples so far, it is presumed to be called "F ticket".

The XNUMX-yen banknote after the renewalTicket D-E ticketThe color is based on the same bluish color as the above, and the portrait on the surface isMedical scienceKitasato Shibasaburo, the back side is world famousUkiyo-eIt is planned to be changed to "Kanagawa Okinami Ura" (written by Katsushika Hokusai) of the 9 views of Tomitake.The serial number will also be changed from 000001 digits to 10 digits in a format such as "AAXNUMXAA".

High-definition plow patterns and patch-type 3D holograms will be introduced as new anti-counterfeiting technologies.[34]..Although the basic layout of the portrait, watermark, and face value on the surface has not changed, the face value, which was a Chinese numeral in D and E, is drawn as a large Arabic numeral "1000", which is an identification mark for the visually impaired. Are placed in the upper right corner and the lower left corner.The Chinese numeral "thousand yen" and the face value of "1000", which used to be in the upper right corner, are interchanged and placed in the upper left corner and the lower right corner, respectively.The Arabic numerals in the upper right corner of the back are also drawn very large, giving a different impression than before.Also, unlike the new 1000-yen note, the Arabic numeral "1" used in this note has one vertical bar.

Currently not yet in production, but production2021It is scheduled to start around the fall of (Reiwa 3rd year).It will be manufactured about two and a half years before the scheduled issue date so that vending machines, ATMs and other equipment that handles new banknotes will be carefully tested to prevent problems and troubles. Will be done.In addition, in the design of the sample of the new 2 yen note announced at that time, "BANK OF JAPAN" is further below the letters of the issuing bank name "Bank of Japan" under the Arabic numeral "1000" with a large face value on the surface. The English notation of the issuing bank name has been added.

Other matters related to XNUMX yen bills

  • In Japan, “high-priced banknotes” are generally XNUMX-yen and XNUMX-yen banknotes for XNUMX-yen banknote[Note 8]Refers to. Of banknotes in general circulationMoney changerThere are some that support only XNUMX yen bills and some that support all bills, and the latter is sometimes called a "high-value bill exchange machine" to distinguish it from the former exchange machine.Beverage-た ば こEtc.vending machine,Transit BusGenerally, money changers are only compatible with XNUMX-yen banknotes.Railway station OfTicket-vending machineMany of them are compatible with all banknotes.
  • The lifespan of 1 yen bills in circulation is about 2-XNUMX years on average due to the frequent exchange of change and the like.

透 か し

To prevent counterfeiting透 か しIs used.

Unissued banknotes

Yuan ticket
The portrait isNippon Taketaka[35].1945(Showa 20)Second World WarRapidly after the end of the warinflationAlthough it was an ultra-high-priced ticket at that time, it was aimed at responding to the rapid increase in demand for banknotes.Offset printingIs a simple banknote[36]..However, during the inspectionMinister of FinanceI happened to see a banknote being printed, and it was too poor and shabby, so issuing it could rather arouse the inflationary sentiment of the people and impress the decline of Japan's national power. It is said that the announcement and issuance were postponed in consideration of the negative impact of concerns about counterfeiting.[37].
The design is a portrait of Yamato Takeru on the right side of the surface and on the left side.Takebe ShrineThe main shrine is drawn, and the ground pattern has an eight-ridged mirror-shaped outline and the outside.Mizuun, Treasure Soka, etc., but this isYuan ticketIt is a design that was diverted after changing the version of[36]..In addition to the change to the title "Bank of Japan notes", the changes include the deletion of the convertible wording, the change in the position of the issuing bank name, the change in the description on the nameplate, and the difference in the position and number of seals ("Governor's seal"). Two of the "ticketing bureau chief" are printed on the surface), and the printing color of the ground pattern is changed and simplified.On the back side, along with the Aya crest, Hosoka,Paulownia,Arabesque patternEtc. are drawn, but this is also a design that diverted almost as it is after changing the version of the Kosen ticket as well as the surface.[36]..The only changes are the change of the title, the deletion of the English notation ("YEN") at the bottom, and the change of the printing color.The dimensions are 100 mm in length and 172 mm in width, the same as the Kosen ticket.[2]..The serial number is printed in red with only the group number (symbol), and there is no serial number, and the name plate is "Manufactured by the Empire of Japan Printing Bureau".透 か し ThePaulowniaIt is a leaflet watermark with a white watermark of the pattern of[2].
The number of colors used is 3 on the front side (the breakdown is 1 main pattern, 1 ground pattern, 1 seal / serial number), and 1 back side.[35][2].
1945May 11From the same yearMay 111 million sheets with group numbers (symbols) 3 to 440 were manufactured.[2]However, due to the cancellation of the issuance plan, the manufactured ones have been disposed of, so only the sample ticket remains.[36].
A thousand tickets(1st plan)
The portrait isGeneral fellaLike.1945Immediately after the sudden end of the war in (20)inflationThe government was secretly considering to curbBlockadeIt is a banknote prepared for.It features a design that divides the face of the ticket into two left and right, and on the left side of the surface is inside a cross-shaped frame.Shinyakushi-ji TempleThe face of the statue of General Felling Ra is in a square outline frame on the right side.Horyuji templeOf the old mirrorPhoenixPhalaenopsisIt was a picture of.On the back side, it was taken from the ancient fissure of the Shosoin Imperial Treasure.Water lilyTreasure knotThe pattern of is drawn.For design, private sectorLetterpress printingWas proposed by.However,Allied occupation, GHQ (Allied Supreme Commander General Command) Was not approved due to concerns about promoting inflation, and was not printed or published.[Note 9].
A thousand tickets(2st plan)
The portrait is Yamato Takeru.1946(Showa 21)New yen switchRegarding new banknotes for the purpose of anti-counterfeiting, for high-value banknotesIntaglio printingGHQ (Allied Supreme Commander General Command) Is a banknote prepared in response to the intention.Existing existing intaglio printing was used because there was not enough time to prepare a new designYuan ticketThe design is just the same as the design of, and the printing color is changed.The change other than the printing color is a new red circle sign in the center of the surface (MizuunCherry blossom[Note 10]Was reprinted, and two seals, "Governor's seal" and "Ticketing bureau chief", were placed on the front side and the seal on the back side was cancelled.The dimensions are 2 mm in length and 100 mm in width, the same as the Kosen ticket.The name plate is "Manufactured by Cabinet Printing Bureau"透 か し ThePaulowniaIt is a leaflet watermark with a white watermark of the pattern of.
The number of colors used is 5 on the front side (the breakdown is 1 main pattern by intaglio printing, 2 colors on the ground pattern, 1 color on the seal / new circle sign, 1 color on the serial number), and 2 colors on the back side (the breakdown is 1 main pattern by intaglio printing). Color, ground pattern 1 color)[35][2].
GHQ approval for design and issuance was obtained, but due to the issuance of ultra-high-priced ticketsinflationConcerns about the promotion and the "Bank of Japan" as it isConvertible ticketThe issue was postponed due to the notation and the remaining convertible wording.[38].. 1946 (Showa 21)May 2からMay 31 million sheets with group numbers (symbols) 6 to 540 were manufactured.[2]However, due to the postponement of issuance, it was disposed of and only the sample ticket remains.

Transition

After the C ticket, reprints are made at intervals of about 20 years, and at the same time as the design is revised, the latest anti-counterfeiting technology is introduced to ensure anti-counterfeiting power.

(During this period, the face value is 1000 yenFiat currency(bill-coin) No manufacturing issuance)

  • 1949(24)May 12: Established B XNUMX yen ticket format[10].
  • 1950(25)May 1 : B XNUMX yen ticketIssue start[10]..The design isPrince ShotokuHoryuji templeYumeden.
  • 1963(38)May 3: Established C XNUMX yen ticket format[12].
  • 1963May 11 : C XNUMX yen ticketIssue start[12][13]..The design isIto HirobumiBank of Japan Head Office Main Building.
  • 1965(40)May 1: Suspension of payment of B XNUMX yen note from Bank of Japan[11].
  • 1976(51)May 3: Established a C-thousand-yen ticket format with the printing color of the serial number changed[16]
  • 1976May 7: Changed the print color of the serial numberC XNUMX yen ticketIssue start[16][14]..Changed the serial number to blue.
  • 1984(59)May 6: Established D XNUMX yen ticket format[17].
  • 1984May 11 : D XNUMX yen ticketIssue start[17]..The design isNatsume SosekiTancho..The serial number is black with the name of the Ministry of Finance.
  • 1986(61)May 1: Suspension of payment of C XNUMX yen note from Bank of Japan[11].
  • 1990(Heisei2 years)May 6: Established a D-thousand-yen ticket format with a different printing color of the serial number[19].
  • 1990May 11: Changed the print color of the serial numberD XNUMX yen ticketIssue start[19]..Changed the serial number to blue.
  • 1993(5)May 6: Established a partially modified ticket format for D-thousand-yen tickets with improved anti-counterfeiting power[20].
  • 1993May 12: Improved anti-counterfeiting powerD XNUMX yen ticketPartial remodeling ticket issuance started (mini reprint)[20]..Changed the serial number to brown.
  • 2000(12)May 2: Established a D-thousand yen ticket format with the printing color of the serial number changed again[21].
  • 2000May 4: The print color of the serial number was changed again.D XNUMX yen ticketIssue start[21]..Changed the serial number to dark green.
  • 2001(13)May 3: Established D-thousand-yen note format with changed nameplate notation[22].
  • 2001May 5: Changed the name plate notationD XNUMX yen ticketIssue start[22]..Changed to Ministry of Finance name.
  • 2003(15)May 6: Established D XNUMX yen note format with re-changed nameplate notation[23].
  • 2003May 7: The name plate notation was changed againD XNUMX yen ticketIssue start[23]..Changed to national name.
  • 2004(16)May 8: Established E-thousand yen ticket format[24].
  • 2004May 11 : E thousand yen ticketIssue start[24]..The design isHideyo NoguchiMount Fuji,Cherry Blossoms..The serial number is black.
  • 2007(19)May 4: Suspension of payment of D XNUMX yen note from Bank of Japan[11].
  • 2011(23)May 4: Established E-thousand-yen ticket format with different printing color of serial number[28].
  • 2011May 7: Changed the print color of the serial numberE thousand yen ticketIssue start[28]..Changed the serial number to brown.
  • 2018(30)May 10: Established E-thousand-yen ticket format with the printing color of the serial number changed again[31].
  • 2019(31)May 3: The print color of the serial number was changed again.E thousand yen ticketIssue start[31]..Changed the serial number to dark blue.
  • 2024Every time(Reiwa6st half: Scheduled to start issuing new XNUMX yen tickets[34]..The design isKitasato Shiba SaburoKatsushika HokusaiBrush "Kanagawa Surfing. "

footnote

[How to use footnotes]

注 釈

  1. ^ 1942May 4AttachMinistry of FinancenoticeNo. 178XNUMX Law No. XNUMX No. XNUMX provisions for convertible banknotes No. XNUMX provisions No. XNUMX provisions for Bank of Japan Foreign Bank of Japan No. Toka YoriyukiWas announced on April 4th of the same year.
  2. ^ Although the main shrine still exists, the worship hall was built in front of it, and a corridor connecting the worship hall and the main shrine was built, so it is no longer possible to see the same scenery.
  3. ^ other than thisKorean bankIn the same way, a part of the Kosen ticket was handed over immediately after the end of the war, and the title was reprinted on the surface to be issued locally as in Taiwan, but this is only the preparation for issuance and the actual issuance. Did not reach.
  4. ^ So the highest denomination at that time wasA hundred yen ticketMet
  5. ^ Ji-37 caseな ど
  6. ^ One ○Braille"A"
  7. ^ In the previous D 1 yen note, the printing color of the serial number was changed from black → blue → brown → dark green, but the change from blue → brown is not due to exhaustion of the combination of serial numbers but due to mini reprint Yes, because the printing color of the serial number is only changed once for the C XNUMX yen ticket, D XNUMX yen ticket, E XNUMX yen ticket, D XNUMX yen ticket, and E XNUMX yen ticket.
  8. ^ In a broad sense, XNUMX yen bills
  9. ^ The design isA pick-up ticketHowever, due to GHQ's instructions that the portrait design was inappropriate, the statue of General Korihira wasHouses of ParliamentWas changed to.
  10. ^ A hundred yen ticketSimilar to

Source

  1. ^ a b c d April 1942, 17 (Showa 4) Ministry of Finance Notification No. 16 "Convertible banknotes'
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Ministry of Finance Printing Bureau, "100 Years of Bank of Japan Ticket Manufacturing, History and Technology," Ministry of Finance Printing Bureau, November 1984, pp. 11-312.
  3. ^ a b c Ministry of Finance Printing Bureau "Japanese Money Modern Currency Handbook" Ministry of Finance Printing Bureau, June 1994, pp. 6-242.ISBN 9784173121601.
  4. ^ a b Bank of Japan Financial Research Institute, "Institute for Monetary and Currency", Bank of Japan Financial Research Institute, 1994, p. 87.ISBN 9784930909381.
  5. ^ a b February 1946, 21 (Showa 2) Royal Decree No. 17 "Bank of Japan note deposit order, And February 1946, 21 (Showa 2), Ministry of Finance Ordinance No. 17 "Bank of Japan Note Deposit Ordinance Enforcement Regulations'
  6. ^ a b April 1946, 21 (Showa 9) Ministry of Finance Notification No. 12 "Special case of Bank of Japan note deposit order Date specified in paragraph XNUMX of Ichijo'
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Takashi Uemura 2015, p. 163-167.
  8. ^ Bank of Japan Research Bureau, Catalog Japanese Currency 9 Currency under the Managed Currency System, Toyo Keizai, 1975, pp. 150-151.
  9. ^ Bank of Japan Research Bureau, Catalog Japanese Currency 9 Currency under the Managed Currency System, Toyo Keizai, 1975, p. 150.
  10. ^ a b c d e November 1949, 24 Ministry of Finance Notification No. 12 "Matters to determine the format of the Bank of Japan note of XNUMX yen issued from January XNUMX, XNUMX'
  11. ^ a b c d e f "Banknotes that are not currently issued but are valid XNUMX yen notes”(Japanese). Bank of Japan. 2021/6/19Browse.
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h November 1963, 38 Ministry of Finance Notification No. 3 "Matters to determine the format of the Bank of Japan note XNUMX yen to be issued in XNUMX'
  13. ^ a b c October 1963, 38 (Showa 10) Announcement of the Bank of Japan "Announcement of the issuance date of the new style 19 yen ticket"
  14. ^ a b c October 1976, 51 (Showa 6) Announcement of the Bank of Japan "Announcement of the issuance date of the new style 18 yen ticket"
  15. ^ Incorporated Administrative Agency National Printing Bureau-Bills that can still be used
  16. ^ a b c d November 1976, 51 Ministry of Finance Notification No. 3 "Matters to determine the format of the Bank of Japan note XNUMX yen to be issued in XNUMX'
  17. ^ a b c d e f g h i November 1984, 59 Ministry of Finance Notification No. 6 "Matters to determine the style of Bank of Japan notes Ichi XNUMX yen, XNUMX yen and XNUMX yen issued from November XNUMX, XNUMX'
  18. ^ Kazusaburo Suzuki, "Guide to Collecting Current Money in Japan," Domestic and Foreign Money Study Group, November 2011, p. 11.
  19. ^ a b c d April 1990, 2 Ministry of Finance Notification No. 6 "Matters to determine the format of the Bank of Japan note of XNUMX yen issued from November XNUMX, XNUMX'
  20. ^ a b c d April 1993, 5 Ministry of Finance Notification No. 6 "Matters to determine the format of Bank of Japan notes Ichi XNUMX yen, XNUMX yen and XNUMX yen issued from December XNUMX, XNUMX'
  21. ^ a b c d April 2000, 12 Ministry of Finance Notification No. 2 "Matters to determine the format of the Bank of Japan notes of XNUMX yen issued from April XNUMX, XNUMX'
  22. ^ a b c d March 2001, 13 Ministry of Finance Notification No. 3 "Bank of Japan notes issued from May XNUMX, XNUMX Ichi XNUMX yen, XNUMX yen and XNUMX yen'
  23. ^ a b c d March 2003, 15 Ministry of Finance Notification No. 6 "Matters to determine the style of Bank of Japan notes Ichi XNUMX yen, XNUMX yen and XNUMX yen, which will be issued from July XNUMX, XNUMX'
  24. ^ a b c d e f g March 2004, 16 Ministry of Finance Notification No. 8 "Matters to determine the style of Bank of Japan notes Ichi XNUMX yen, XNUMX yen and XNUMX yen, which will be issued from November XNUMX, XNUMX'
  25. ^ Life of the visually impaired--How to identify money [FTCJ Philippines School for the Blind]
  26. ^ Identification mark (intaglio printing)
  27. ^ Bill identification app "Ikichi-kun"
  28. ^ a b c d March 2011, 23 Ministry of Finance Notification No. 4 "Matters stipulating the format of the Bank of Japan notes Ichi XNUMX yen and XNUMX yen, which will be issued from July XNUMX, XNUMX'
  29. ^ Bank of Japan (April 2011, 4). “Regarding the change in the printing color of the symbols and numbers of XNUMX yen and XNUMX yen banknotes". 2011/4/26Browse.
  30. ^ Ministry of Finance (April 2011, 4). “Change the printing color of the symbols and numbers of the XNUMX yen and XNUMX yen banknotes". 2011/4/26Browse.
  31. ^ a b c d March 2018, 30 Ministry of Finance Notification No. 10 "Matters to determine the format of the Bank of Japan note XNUMX yen, which will be issued from March XNUMX, XNUMX.'
  32. ^ "Change the printing color of the symbols and numbers on the Bank of Japan Thousand Yen Notes”. Ministry of Finance. 2018/10/19Browse.
  33. ^ "Thousand-yen bill, "new color" appearing in March next year The symbol and number are dark blue”. Asahi Shimbun. 2018/10/19Browse.
  34. ^ a b c "Issuing new Bank of Japan notes and XNUMX yen coins”(Japanese). Ministry of Finance. 2019/4/9Browse.
  35. ^ a b c Bank of Japan Research Bureau, Catalog Japanese Currency 9 Currency under the Managed Currency System, Toyo Keizai, 1975, p. 189.
  36. ^ a b c d Takashi Uemura 2019, pp. 165-166.
  37. ^ Takashi Uemura 2015, pp. 183-184.
  38. ^ Bank of Japan notes not issued p.27 --Bank of Japan
  39. ^ May 1942, 17 Law No. 5 "Bank of Japan Act'
  40. ^ February 1946, 21 (Showa 2) Royal Decree No. 17 "Financial Emergency Measures Ordinance'
  41. ^ Bank of Japan Financial Research Institute, Bank of Japan Currency Museum, Bank of Japan Financial Research Institute, June 1994, pp. 6-91.ISBN 978-4-93-090938-1.

References

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