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🧳 | Thai Airways International grants Gold membership by purchasing a voucher of about 130 million yen


Thai Airways International grants gold membership by purchasing a voucher of about 130 million yen

If you write the contents roughly
Gold membership is a Star Alliance Gold member benefit, as well as half the mileage required for upgrades.

Thai Airways International will sell "TIME TO GOLD" package to Royal Orchid Plus members ... → Continue reading


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Wikipedia related words

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version,Version(English: version) Is originallyLatinof"ConversionMeans,«Verter e, vers—»(rotationTo change the direction)

  • 1 Explanation (from a personal or special standpoint), interpretation, opinion, dissent [of]
  • 2a [Literary works, etc.] adaptation, adaptation, adaptation, ~ version
  • 2b [For prototype / original] Deformation, deformation, adaptation, modification
  • 2c [For a specific song / role] Interpretation (unique to the performer / actor, etc.), performance, direction
  • 3a translation, translation, translation
  • 3b [usually V] (Bible) translation — Source, Kenkyusha New English-Japanese Dictionary 6th Edition

It is used in the sense of.The abbreviation is "view.. "


"Version" is used for the purpose of showing more detailed attributes of a main unique object, such as an industrial product or a creative work, by adding it after the original name of the main unique object.MetadataIt can be said that it is one of.There are no definitions or rules regarding the use of this term.Although it is a small number, it is sometimes written as "version".

Nowadays, the word version is often used to indicate the order in which they are provided to users, and the purpose of indicating chronological order is numbers and sometimes.The alphabetIt is generally written in an easy-to-understand manner.特にIn particularComputerForsoftwareThen, in the publication "VersionThis term is often used to indicate that it is an improved version that includes functional changes.

In addition, if a product lineup is formed by having multiple derivative types under one main product name or product family name separately from the time series, each derivative type is different.Sometimes called a version[Source required], Corresponds to "grade" in automobiles and electrical products.In addition to the purpose of responding widely to the differences in functions and tastes that customers demand in this way,MusicIn the field of art such as, this term is sometimes used to distinguish when different works are produced for the same subject.

Computer software

Generally for computerssoftwareRelatively rarely ships a single product once and exits, removing defects contained in the original product, adding new features, or improving existing features. Therefore, it is common to ship a different version of the product each time.By clarifying such differences over time, the main product name is "" in order to avoid confusion at the distribution and usage stages.version"Or"release","Revision"Additional name in the form of[Annotation 1][1].

The difference between versionsperiodIt is generally represented by a sequence of numbers separated by symbols, and these numbers increase as improvements progress.Alphabets may be used in addition to numbers.Making an advanced version of software available on a computer is called "upgrading".

In the first official release, the version number "1.0" is given first, and in the next improved version, "Major version" will be displayed at the time of major changes due to the difference in the degree of modification.2It is said to be .0, or "1." in the medium (minor version).1", And small changes such as bug fixes only (BuildOr maintenance version) "1.0.1It is common to express something like[2][3][Annotation 2]..Also, when the upper number is added, the lower number is returned to zero (example: 1.2.3 → 1.3.0).However,Windows OSBody and accompanyingMicrosoftMadecomponent(Win32 DLL, Execution program,COMComponents, and.NET Frameworkア セ ン ブ リ), The build number is a serial number from the first edition, and there is also a management method that continuously increments without resetting even if the major number or minor number is changed.[4].. .NET Frameworkアセンブリの開発においては、典型例としてメジャー番号・マイナー番号に変更があった場合、コンポーネントのIn the development of .NET Framework assembly, as a typical example, when the major number / minor number is changed, the componentThe interfacecompatibilityIs presented with rules that mean that is lost[5].

Notation is like "1.0.0"periodThere are methods with two or more periods and methods with a single period such as "2", and the former is common because there are multiple periods.Decimal pointIt may be questionable that there is a discrepancy with the notation, but depending on the software, there is also a version number such as "1.0.10", and it is not necessarily a single one.Real numberNot treated like a value.

In the developing stage before official provision, it is in the progress stage (Milestone)In response to the"Alpha version(Α) ”“Beta(Β) ”“Release Candidate(RC) ”is classified, and it is common to add a revision number at each stage and write it as“ 1.0.0a1 ”.Version numbers such as "0.8" and "0.9" may be given at the experimental stage where the specifications themselves are undecided.The predecessor version before official release is "pre-release" (Pre-release) And "priminary" representing the provisional version (Preliminary).

When software with the same title but with different functions and prices from the beginning to provide multiple derivative products, each product is not a "version" but a "version".Edition''(edition)[Annotation 3].


In the world of musical works, the sameSongDifferentsinger,Performer recordingBy making an announcement, recording the same song in a different environment and instrument, or modifying it after the announcement, the difference in "version" occurs, and each one"~ Version (version / Ver)","Version difference"And so on.

In this case, even if there is a time-series difference between the versions before and after and the recording environment, there is no hierarchical relationship in the value as a musical work (however, as a commercial product containing the music).record,CDOf course, there will be a difference in sales performance such as, ranking in the hit chart, etc.).

It means that there are different "works" based on the same material (music).

It is logically impossible for a performer to replay the exact same piece of music, except when playing 100% computer-programmed music.arrange-tempoEven if you play in, if it is played multiple times, subtle differences will appear everywhere, and the performance will not be exactly the same.

Music is generallyrecord-CDEtc. media andインターネットThe vocabulary of "version" in music is generally announced as a recorded material (repeated playback), although it exists in a state of being distributed as a "recorded material" through the music and in a state of being played live by a performer at a concert venue or the like. It is applied to the ones in the (possible) state, and the difference in "performance" of each performance in the live performance itself is not called "version difference" one by one.

There are multiple processes that cause version differences in music, but the typical ones are as follows.In each case, a "version" occurs when it is distributed as a record.

  1. A song that has already been recorded by a specific performer, singer, etc. (hereinafter collectively referred to as "performer") and announced as a work (hereinafter referred to as "already announced work") is recorded again by a performer other than the person himself / herself. To announce(Detail is"cover"reference).
    Example)"Twist and Shout"(Lyrics / Composer: Bert Berns, Phil Medley)Atlantic RecordsBy Top Notes who belonged to1961/It was first announced in.その後afterwardsIsley Brothers,ビ ー ト ル ズEtc. covered and recorded and announced.カバー・バージョンが発表された時点で、最初のトップ・ノーツ・バージョンはWhen the cover version was announced, the first Top Notes version was"Original version"Came to be called, others"The Isley Brothers Version","The Beatles version"It will be called and distinguished.
  2. The person who wrote / composed the song (hereinafter collectively referred to as the "author") will record his / her own song provided to a specific performer later by his / her own performance / singing.(Detail is"Self cover"reference).
    Example)"the only flower in the world' The2003/Idol group in MarchSMAPThe original version sung by was announced and later the authorMakihara NoriyukiSelf-covered, and in August 2004, his own album "EXPLORER』Recorded and announced. There will be "SMAP version" and "Noriyuki Makihara version".In this case, (from the point of view of "music""Original work by Noriyuki Makihara"(Although) as a sung product"Original version"Is just the SMAP that was announced earlier.
  3. A specific performer will perform, sing, record and announce the music that was the basis of his own previously announced work.(Detail isRemake[Annotation 4]reference).
    There are cases where the arrangement is significantly modified to differentiate it from past works, and cases where the work itself is not modified so much and only the progress of the recording environment and the improvement of the performer's own technique are the points of appeal. is there.Part of this "Self coverMay be called.
  4. Different performers record the songs of a specific author and announce them at about the same time (competition)..
    Example)1979/ToHiroshi Miura and Honey Six,Sensitive and happy & blue,Yasuo TanabeReleased respectively"I wish I could."(Lyrics / Composition: Hiroshi Miura) corresponds to this.
  5. Published worksconcertAnd announce the sound source recorded on the spot.Live version (formerly "live recording")And so on (for detailsLive albumSee).
    If the performer himself released a song that was recorded and announced in the studio in the past, and later performed live at the concert venue and released the recorded version, the original sound source that was announced earlier would be called "studio version". Refer to.In this case as well, I played my own previously announced work live, and I picked up and played the previously announced work of other performers at that live performance.coverIt may be.
  6. Modify published works without re-recording the performers' own songs and performances.
    In the era of analog records, when single-cutting a song with a relatively long playing time recorded on an album, editing such as cutting one chorus, shortening the intro and ending, eliminating the interlude, etc. was performed to reduce the playing time. In some cases, the method of releasing it in a short time was taken (single version).
    In addition, version differences can also be created by operations such as "remixing" in which the track is down (mixed) again without re-recording, and "remastering" in which sound quality improvement measures are taken by going back to the master tape. (Detail is"Mixing","Remix","MasteringEtc.)
  7. Add some performance to the published work.
    Example)Southern All StarsSongs"I'm in love'Originally the album "10 Numbers Karatto』(Released on April 1979, 4) was later single-cut, but at that timeIchiro NittaArrangebrassA new section was put on the back of the rust.
  8. A different version of the previously announced work will be announced at a later date..
    Example)Jackey Yoshikawa and Blue CometsSongs"The glow of the meadow'In the case of (released June 1968, 6), the original version isTimpaniとHarpsichordIt started with the intro of the sound of, and was arranged with an orchestral arrangement that emphasized the strings as a whole, but another version (released on September 2 of the same year) released about two months later was the original. Compared to the version, it started with the intro of the sound of cymbals and drums, pushed the performance of the group itself to the front as a whole, and further suppressed the orchestral arrangement as much as possible.By the way, this song is both the original version and the other versionKyohei TsutsumiIt is due to the arrangement of.

Usage in a specific genre

reggaeIn the single record of, in many cases, the B side is the A side songOff vocal(So-called karaoke) is recorded.In many genres, it is called "instrumental" or "backing track", but in reggae, this karaoke is especially called "version".


Recording studioWhen a performer makes a recording in, it is very rare that a complete recording can be made with just one performance.producerThe same song will be played and recorded several times until OK is given.

Each sound source recorded until the completed form is completed is not called a "version" but is called a "take", and is called a "○ th recording" such as "take 1" or "take 2".

However, if the sound source of this "difference in take" is recorded in the form of a "bonus track" when a specific work is re-released and officially announced, and distributed as a work, it will be treated as "difference in version". In some cases.

~ Edition

Especially when you want to add a certain amount of value to the original work for each album and create a package that is more attractive to the listener (buyer) and re-release it."Collector's Edition","Limited Edition"(It is a name that the record company decides arbitrarily in terms of sales strategy, and there is no definition or rule in usage).

This is also a different version in a broad sense (in album units as "for sale" rather than in song units).

The added value in this case is the above-mentioned remix, sound quality improvement measures for music parts such as remasters, upgrade of attachments such as liners and booklets, and additional recording (bonus) such as outtakes and live versions of previously announced sound sources.・ Track: Depending on the work, this additional recording may be enough for one CD or more), and various ideas for stimulating purchasing motivation such as reprinting the binding of the analog record era are included.


PublicationPublished in Karma, etc.Book(Regardless of the content of business books, practical books, literary works, etc.), repeat editions while changing bindings, correcting typographical errors, and adding additions.In the case of books, the expression "○ edition ○ printing" is generally used, and it is not called "version".


[How to use footnotes]

注 釈

  1. ^ "Version" in computer software is similar to the concept of "version" in, but while publications do not make major changes unless they are "totally revised", computer software ( PublicationTypographical errorMissing charactersCorresponds to)バ グIn addition to fixes (bug fixes), large changes such as feature additions and fixes tend to occur frequently.
  2. ^ When a bug is found in the software after it is released and it becomes possible to fix it appropriately, the software for version upgrade is distributed free of charge from the supply side to the users who are using the software in many cases. Will be done.Of these fixes, the smaller ones are fixedpatchIt tends to be distinguished from general version upgrades.If it is possible to improve the functionality including fixing these bugs, it will sometimes be provided for a fee.There is software called "upgrade tool" that can automatically perform version upgrade work without any hassle for users, including those that perform large-scale updates, but mainly those that only load correction patches.It is common for users to manage the version of the software they are using, and when a new version becomes available, they generally obtain and update it themselves, but some software The manufacturer keeps track of the software version on the user side via the Internet, and when a new version is in the distribution stage, the update work can be performed remotely with the consent of the user.
  3. ^ As an example of dividing by "edition"MicrosoftCompanyMicrosoft Windows XPThere are several editions with different functions such as "Home Edition", "Professional", and "Media Center Edition".
  4. ^ In the case of a movie, a "remake work" is a plot of a movie released in the past, regardless of whether it is your own work or someone else's work (details can be changed). (Often), the director, performers, etc. are different, and it means to shoot and publish again.


  1. ^ A revision represents a number or version number when software, hardware, standards, etc. are revised or modified.A word with the same meaning is "version", which indicates the version number of software.Strictly speaking, revisions and versions have different meanings, but in the sense of updating the contents, they can be considered to be almost the same.KDDI --Glossary --Revision
  2. ^ ".NET Framework 4: Version Class”. Microsoft MSDN (June 2010). 2011/2/25Browse.
  3. ^ "Java SE Documentation: Appendix 2: Sun-Supported Specification-Version and Implementation-Version Formats”. Oracle. 2011/2/25Browse.
  4. ^ It is clear that there was a rule in the build number of RTM builds of successive Windows after Windows Vista |
  5. ^ Component versioning

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