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🧳 | Cool down in Kyoto in the summer 3rd Kawadoko cuisine on the cool terrace! Kyoto gourmet to enjoy on the elegant terrace


Cool off in Kyoto in the summer Part 3: Kawadoko cuisine on the cool terrace! Kyoto gourmet to enjoy on the elegant terrace

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I had Omi beef sukiyaki.

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Omi beef

Omi beef(Oumiushi[1]) Or (Oumigyu)Japanese Black OfWagyu beef ShigaIt is the name that is allowed when fattening for the longest time in thecowCan be taken frombeefIt is a name that is also used for.The history of beef cattle in Japan is overwhelmingly long, 400 years.Three Yamato beefIt is considered to be one of.While other brand cattle are bred in a limited area or individually, Omi beef is produced in Shiga prefecture as a whole, so the annual number of cattle shipped is overwhelmingly large and the meat quality is excellent.


Japan Meat Rating Association OfratingSince there is no definition based on, if the above two conditions are met, a certificate or certification sticker will be issued for any meat quality grade and carcasses with a rating of A-2, B-4 or higher.[2].


When Hideyoshi attacked Odawara in 1590 (Tensho 18), Ukon TakayamaGamo UjisatoとTadaoki HosokawaThere is a historical fact that is said to have served beef.[3]..It is said that Gamo Ujisato contributed to the popularization of edible Omi beef by raising meat cows in the land of Omi Gamo Hino, which is the territory of Gamo Ujisato.[Source required]..After that, Ujisato was sealed in Matsuzaka (currently Matsusaka City) and Aizu (currently Aizu City), and at that time, many engineers invited from Omi contributed to the development of livestock, and the current "Matsuzaka beefIt is thought that it laid the foundation for ""[Source required].. In 1586 (Tensho 14), Toyotomi Hidetsugu is said to have set up a residence in Yamashita-cho (castle town) of Hachimanyama Castle (currently Omihachiman City), where he lived and took a protection policy for cow-horse merchants. To.[4]

Edo Period,Hikone clan TheShogunateTodrumIs presented and used for the drumCowhideIn order to secure the cattle, they ran livestock and were allowed to slaughter them.From this, the culture of eating beef developed.[5].Edo PeriodIn the latter half, in the name of ""Dried meatBeef processed intoHikone clanからShogunateHas been presented to[Annotation 1].. OtherMatsudaira Sadanobu,Tokugawa MasaakiIt is recorded in the Hikone domain that processed products such as miso pickles and kasuzuke were given to daimyo such as[6].

A sign saying "Beef pickles made by Omi Hikone" in a landscape photograph of Atsugi-juku (Atsugi City, Kanagawa Prefecture) taken by Felice Beato, a photographer who came to Japan around 1863 (Bunkyu 3).[7] Is listed in the store, and it can be seen that beef was on sale by the end of the Edo period.[8] According to the history of Hikone City, in 1855 (Ansei 2nd year), Kanji of Hikone Uoyamachi opened in Kanda, Ryogoku, Nihonbashi, and Yotsuya in Edo with a sign of Hikone beef.

Around 1850 (Kaei era), cattle fattening began in Gamo-gun, which was the territory of the Owari clan, under the guidance of a clan priest.[9]

Meiji ErabecomeWesterncultureAs a result of the beef diet, the consumption of Omi beef also increased. In 1869 (Meiji 2), there is a record that a livestock dealer in Nae-mura, Gamo-gun (currently Ryuo-cho, Gamo-gun) took 17 to 8 days by land to chase cattle and send them to Tokyo to make many transactions. ..In addition, Kuji Takenaka, also from Naemura, started shipping raw beef to Tokyo in 1872 (Meiji 5), and in 1883 (Meiji 16) opened a beef wholesaler "Yonehisa" in Asakusa, Tokyo.However, around 1882 (Meiji 15), with the development of steamships, Omi beef began to be shipped from Kobe Port to the Tokyo metropolitan area and other areas.Kobe beefWas called.[10] At that time, Kobe beef was established as a shipping area brand and became famous, so it is said that Omi beef as a producing area brand was hidden behind it.[8]

In 1890 (Meiji 23), the transportation of Omi beef started from Omi Hachiman Station due to the opening of the Tokaido Main Line the previous year.1893(26th year of Meiji),RinderpestDue to the spread of cattle, the transportation of domestic raw cattle was banned.Therefore, many beef produced in Shiga prefecture were on the market.Not only was it shipped in large quantities, but it was also very tasty, so the place of origin was investigated.As a result, it is Shiga prefectureOmihachiman OfOmihachiman StationIt turned out that the beef was shipped from, and that led to the name of Omi beef being known as Shiga Prefecture's excellent production and taste in beef production.[10].. In 1906 (Taisho 3), a national livestock exposition was held at Tokyo Ueno Park, and cattle in Gamo-gun became the first prize.When the Great Kanto Earthquake struck, freight transportation from all over Japan to Tokyo was temporarily banned, but it is said that the Imperial Household Ministry instructed the stationmaster Omihachiman to ship only Omi beef for His Majesty.[4]

After the war, in 1951 (Showa 26), the Omi Beef Cattle Association was established with the aim of establishing the Omi beef brand in cooperation with local livestock dealers and wholesalers in Tokyo.The "big publicity event" held by the Omi Beef Cattle Association in Tokyo around this time is still being handed down.They showed off live Omi beef at the Diet Building and opened the auction to the public on the rooftop of a department store (Shirokiya) in Nihonbashi, Tokyo.[11]

In the past, there was no standard for the period required to meet one of the definitions, "Shiga Prefecture", so even if you put cows from outside the prefecture in the prefecture overnight and put them on the market the next day, you can call them "Omi beef". rice field[12]. But,2005(17)Cattle fattening history camouflage caseAn executive of the Omi Beef AssociationArrestIn the same year12The definition of Omi beef was decided, including the criteria for considering it as "produced in Shiga Prefecture".[12].

2007(19)5/11,Regional collective trademarkRegistered in[13]..In the same year, the "Omi Beef" Production and Distribution Promotion Council was established by Omi beef producers and distributors.

In 2010 (Heisei 22), export of Omi beef through the Shiga Meat Center began.

December 2017, 29, Geographical Indications (GI) based on the Geographical Indications Act (Act on the Protection of Names of Specified Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Products, etc.)[14] Registered in.

2021(3nd year of Reiwa),Furusato tax paymentWhile Shiga Prefecture approved the handling of Omi beef to all cities and towns in the prefecture as a reward, Omihachiman City, the main production area, said that the quality control of meat could not be thoroughly controlled and the brand value could decline.Self-government dispute resolution committeePetitioned for examination by[15].


Mainly in the eastern part of Shiga prefectureGamo-Kanzaki-AichiEach county (currentOmihachiman,Higashiomi City,Ryuo TownEtc.) have been produced.These areasRiceFor fattening cattle in areas where production and other agriculture are thrivingfeedとclimateIt is said that it was blessed with.It is characterized by a high degree of marbling, a mellow aroma, and good melting of lipids in the mouth.Omi beef has a low melting point and contains more oleic acid, which is an unsaturated fatty acid that is said to be involved in the aroma and flavor of beef, compared to Japanese Black cattle from other production areas. This is linked to the characteristics of Omi beef, such as the good melting of lipids in the mouth.[14] Annual shipment of 5000 heads[2].



[How to use footnotes]

注 釈

  1. ^ In return for the offering Old-fashioned memorial service And the background Mijo Envoy's Reservation Book Extant.
  2. ^ Beef was donated by the Hikone Domain to the Shogun only twice during the 11th generation of Ii Naonaka.Also, the presentation to the daimyo is based on private dating, and it is clear that it is different from historical facts.


  1. ^ https://withnews.jp/article/f0151109000qqf2151030001qqF0G0010401qq000012703A
  2. ^ a b c d Omi beef(Japan Meat Consumption Center "Brand beef search system")
  3. ^ "History of Omi beef / Shiga prefecture". Shiga. April 2019, 3Browse.
  4. ^ a b Kaoru Nakamura "History of Omi Beef" 1961. 
  5. ^ "Introduction of souvenirs and special products of local industry". Omi HachimanTourism Products Association. April 2020, 12Browse.
  6. ^ Hikone Castle Museum "Hikone's Food Culture" 2005
  7. ^ Yokohama Archives of History Museum "F. Paired Bakumatsu Japan Photobook"
  8. ^ a b Tadashi Yoshida "Beef and the Japanese" Rural Culture Association Japan, 1992. 
  9. ^ Masayuki Hirakawa "History of Omi Beef" Omi Livestock Research Association, 1952. 
  10. ^ a b [1] Kobe University Research Institute for Economics and Business Administration Newspaper Article Bunko / Osaka Mainichi Shimbun Japan (20-064), "World-class Omi Beef" Kunihiko Tsuji
  11. ^ "Kyoto Shimbun | Honma Omi". www.kyoto-np.co.jp. April 2019, 2Browse.
  12. ^ a b Improvement of taste The key is "food" / Omi beef(Asahi Shimbun August 2010, 1)
  13. ^ Definition of "Omi beef"("Omi beef" production and distribution promotion council)
  14. ^ a b "Notification of registration (registration number 56): Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries". www.maff.go.jp. April 2019, 12Browse.
  15. ^ Appeal for appeal examination of Omi beef's main production area "Quality cannot be guaranteed" for hometown tax refunds throughout the prefecture Kyoto Shimbun, Viewed May 2021, 5.

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