Portal field news

Portal field news

in ,

🧳 | One building with sauna surrounded by forest × Best aged meat


Photo Aged meat is seasoned after the sauna

One building with sauna surrounded by forest x Best aged meat

 
If you write the contents roughly
It is said that the meat from Maeda Ranch in Tochigi Prefecture, which is said to be "the best lean meat in Japan," is aged for 60 days or more in its own aging room, and seasoned to make you want to eat it after the sauna.
 

BIO-RESORT HOTEL & SPA; O Park OGOSE, an integrated resort facility → Continue reading

 J-CAST News


Wikipedia related words

If there is no explanation, there is no corresponding item on Wikipedia.

Tochigi

Tochigi(Tochigiken,British: Tochigi Prefecture) IsJapan OfKanto regionに 位置 す るPrefecture.Prefectural office locationAnd the largest city isUtsunomiya City.

In the northern part of the prefectureNikko National ParkIs located,sunlight-Nasu TheTourism-Resort areaKnown as.

Overview

Kanto regionA prefecture located in the north, with a population of approximately 195 million. No coastline at the boundaryInland prefectureIs. The regional division of the prefecture is mostly in the central part of the prefecture.Utsunomiya City-Kanuma City-MokaFrom the southern part of the prefectureOyama City,Tochigi City, Southwestern part of the prefectureRyomo LineAlong the lineSano City-AshikagaTo the south of Ibaraki and Gunma prefectures, which have a deep connection with both prefectures.Nasuno gaharaSpread toNasushiobaraAnd sightseeing spotsNasu TownOccupy the northwestern part of the prefectureNikkoIt is classified into the prefecture north centered at.

Terrain runs from north to northwestOu Mountains,Nikko mountain range,Ashio MountainsThere are a number of steep mountains with an altitude of 1500m-2500m. Flowing out of these mountainsKinugawa,Nakagawa,Watarase RiverEtc.Kanto PlainForming the northern end of theNasuno gaharaThe townscape north of the prefecture spreads.

Utsunomiya City is located almost in the center of the prefecture's soil, with a population of about 4, which is a quarter of the prefecture. As cities with a population of 1 or more, there are Oyama, Tochigi, Ashikaga, and Sano in the south of the prefecture, and Nasushiobara in the north of the prefecture. In addition, Kanuma, Moka, Otawara, and Yaita are the administrative centers of the region.

The industries are well balanced with agriculture, industry, commerce and tourism.

In agriculture, the plains are rice and wheat producing areas, and the highlands such as Nasunogahara (Nasu plateau) Is a dairy farm and a livestock farm,Strawberry,KanpyoSpecial products such as are also produced.

IndustryTohoku Expressway-National Route 4North Kanto Expressway-National Route 50In the area centered onNorth Kanto Industrial Area,as well as,Kanto Inland Industrial Area(In the case of this prefecture, it applies to both definitions) spread,Second World WarIn Utsunomiya City, where the munitions industry is concentrated, the machinery industry, metal industry, food and beverage industryKamimikawa Town,Haga TownThen.AutomobileRelated industries (Nissan Motorsystem,Honda Motor Co., Ltd.System), but in Nasushiobara city, Otawara cityタ イ ヤManufacturingPrecision machinery industry(Medical equipment,Photo lensManufacturing) has been developed. In the south of the prefecture, small and medium-sized factories such as food/beverage industry, machinery industry, production of Mashiko ware, machinery and automobile parts are widely located, and the textile industry is traditionally prosperous (Yuki Tsumugi,Ashikaga Meisen).

Commerce in Utsunomiya CityRetail tradeHas developed, and in other industrial areasWholesale tradeIs also popular.

Tourism issunlight-KinugawaArea orNasu-ShiobaraFlourishing in the area, in NikkoKinugawa Onsen,Kawasa Onsen,Yunishigawa Onsen,Nikko Yumoto Onsen, Nasu Town, Nasushiobara CityNasu hot spring village,Shiobara Hot Springslike,Asuka Period,Nara periodA famous hot spring with a long history.Toshogu-Nikko Futarayama Shrine-Rinnoji TempleComprised of two shrines and one templeworld Heritage,Nikko shrine.Iroha slopeToKegon Falls,Lake Chuzenji,SenjogaharaScenic, etc.OkunikkoScenic spots.Royal family OfImperial residence,Nasu mountain,Slaughter stoneRepresented byVilla area,pasture,SpaSpreadsNasu plateauAnd has a famous place nurtured by rich nature and culture. These areas areNikko National ParkIt is located in a designated area in the area, and measures such as nature conservation are being taken. In part of Nikko cityOze National ParkThere are also areas designated by.

Name

Meiji EraThere was a fluctuation in the notation of "Tochigi". "Tochi" is "SwordIt is thought that "(lì)" was simplified, and there was a notation of "Satsuki". Also, 1871 OfAbandoned DomainAfter is an example where the notation of "Masiki" is used[1]There was, but "WoodWas mainly used[2][3].. Straw "ten" is an example of making the lower side "power"[4]There was also. 1881From around (Meiji 14), the notation of "Tochigi" can be seen, but "Men" is the main one in "厂" according to "Kaku".[5].. The example of making the lower side "force" in the "ten thousand" part of "厂"[6]And an example of making with "丂"[7]There was also. The character that created the first stroke of "Ku" from the right was bornShowaAfter the middle period. In addition,ChineseAlthough there are some examples of using "櫪" or "枥" in the document, it is a letter that mainly means a manger, which is an error.

Geography

Together with Ibaraki and Gunma prefecturesNorth KantoMake up.

With a population of approximately 198 million, it is the 18th largest in the country (as a prefecture with a population close to this prefecture,GifuAbout 204 million, Gunma prefecture about 197 million, Fukushima prefecture about 193 million,OkayamaAbout 192 million people can be mentioned). Area is 6,408.28km2No. 20 in Japan (largest area in Kanto region), east-west about 84km・About 98km north and south. Prefectural officeUtsunomiya CityIs about 100km from Tokyo,JRTohoku ShinkansenIt is in the position of about a little over 50 minutes,Core cityHas been designated.

Topographically easternYamizo Mountains, From north to westNasuMountain rangeMt. Takayama・Nikko Mountain Range・Mt. Taishakuzan)・Ashio MountainsIn the mountainous area and in the central part of the prefectureNakagawa-Kinugawa-Watarase RiverIt is roughly divided into three areas in the coastal plain area.

The Yamizo Mountains in the eastern area has an altitude of 600-1,000.m OfAbukuma HighlandsThe comparatively gentle mountain ranges following

The mountainous region from the north to the westNikko National Park,Oze National Park(Mt. Taishakuzan,Mt. Tashiroyama MarshIt has been designated as asunlight-Kinugawa-Kawaji-Shiobara-NasuThere are tourist destinations such as. In the northOu Mountains(Nasu volcanic belt)NasuMountain rangeplateau-Male body-Nikko ShiraneyamaEtc.VolcanoThere is. In the steep mountainous areas such as Nikko Mountains, mountain ranges with an altitude of 2,000 m or more form the northern limit of the Kanto region, and are dotted with waterfalls and lakes. It is also the source of various rivers, the Kinugawa flowing through the central part and the Watarasegawa flowing along the prefectural border with Gunma Prefecture.Tone RiverThe Nakagawa turns east from the Yamizo area and enters Ibaraki prefecture.The Pacific OceanIs pouring into.

Most of the southern and eastern regionsKanto PlainAt one end ofCapital AreaUrbanization is advancing as a corner.

Gunma prefecture and Ibaraki prefecture,FukushimaWhile there are prefecture cities and towns that have deep ties with neighboring local governments,Watarase ReservoirByEnclaveTochigi City in a stateFujioka Town ShimonomiyaIt is possible to travel to and from the district by car road. In fact, if you want to enter Saitama prefecture by car or train, you have to go through Gunma prefecture or Ibaraki prefecture. Of the main trunk line connecting Tochigi and Saitama prefecturesNational Route 4,Tohoku Main Line,Tohoku ShinkansenIs Ibaraki prefectureTohoku Expressway,Tobu Isesaki Line,Tobu NikkoEnters Saitama prefecture via Gunma prefecture.

In addition, this districtTochigi prefecture, Gunma prefecture, Saitama prefectureThere is a crossing point in the field and a signboard is installed. There are points where the three prefectures intersect in the mountains and rivers, but it is rare on flat ground.

terrain

The central and southern regionsKanto PlainLocated in the north-north ofWatarase RiverOgawa,Tone River,AlsoTagawaKinugawaThere are confluence points of each, Ibaraki prefecture, Gunma prefecture,SaitamaBorders with. On the other hand, the northwestern part of the prefectureOu MountainsIt is located in the southernmost part of the mountainous region, and the northeastern part is a low mountain area.NakagawaLongitudinallyDissectionHas advancedYamizo MountainsIt forms the border with Ibaraki Prefecture, but in the northwestKanto regionIt is one of the most mountainous areas, with mountain ranges over 2,000 meters above sea level continuing in Gunma prefecture andFukushimaIt forms the boundary with. EspeciallyNikko mountain rangeHas several steep independent peaks with an altitude of 2,300 meters or more, and can be distant from the southern Kanto region when the air is clear. Located near the northern contact point of this Nikko mountain range and the Yamizo mountainsNasu mountainIs the northernmost tip of Kanto,FukushimaForm a border with.

平野
Plateau/hill
Mountain
river
(I.e.
Plateau/marshland
Pass

Gallery

nature Park

climate

climate ThePacific climateIn the mountains, winter snowfalls occur, and in the flatland, winter dryness and summerThunderIs characterized by. All prefectures have high levels of rainfall in the summer and dryness in the winter, and annual rainfall is high in the mountains.OkunikkoIs more than 2,000 mm, but it is less in the flatlands and about 1,200 mm in the southern part of the prefecture.

  • Tochigi Prefecture is geographicallyJapan OfThe Pacific OceanLocated on the sideclimateIs under all prefecturesPacific climatePresents the characteristics of. Tochigi prefectureJapanese Meteorological AgencyLooking at the meteorological statistics, the whole area of ​​Tochigi Prefecture is located in the inland area.Inland climate(Large daily range, large year range)Mountain climate(Cool), moreSea of ​​JapanIn the mountains nearSea of ​​Japan side climateAlthough there are some areas that have the characteristics of (snow in winter), all areas have the characteristics of the common areas of Japan's Pacific Ocean side, such as high humidity and humidity in the summer and dryness in the low winter season (climate on the Pacific side), and the surrounding mountains. With low rainfall and low humidity throughout the yearCentral highland climateThe characteristic of is not seen.
  • Winter in Tochigi PrefectureWinter pressure distributionWhen is strengthened"French grated" and "grated male"In the northeast, the very cold and dry strong winds called "Nasu Oroshi",WindThere is little rain and low humidity. For this reason, there are many sunny days in winter, and the sunshine hours are the longest in the year. On a clear winter dayRadiation coolingStrongly influenced byBelow freezingTherefore, even in the warm plains of the southern part of the prefecture, it may drop below -5 degrees. On the other hand, the day range can be as high as 5 to 10 degrees in the daytime and up to 15 degrees in the plains on warm days.
  • Summer,Pacific highIt is strongly affected by the hot and humid south breeze that blows out, and it becomes hot and humid in all prefectures. This south wind is in the mountainsCumulonimbus(ThundercloudTochigi PrefectureThunderIs an area with a lot ofUtsunomiyaIn the average annual lightning days of 24.0 days, the number of lightning days in summer (May, June, July, August, September) exceeds 5 days,Kanto regionMuch protruding within[8],RaitoIt is the reason why it is called[Source required].
  • The following table is for Tochigi PrefectureJapanese Meteorological AgencyIt is the statistical value of the observation point. According to this, the whole prefecture has common heavy rainfall in the summer and light rainfall in the winter. By extrapolating to the criteria of Köppen's climate classification, Torobu and Oku-Nikko are subarctic winter rainy climates, and Igari and Nasu are west coast marine climates. , Kuroiso, Otawara, Imaichi (Nikko), Shioya, and Kanuma are classified as temperate summer rain climates, and others as warm and humid climates.
Normal values ​​in various locations in Tochigi prefecture (statistical period: 1971-2000, source:Meteorological Agency / Meteorological Statistics Information
Average price
(Monthly)
Northwest mountainous areaNorthCentral parteastSouthern
TorobuOkunikkoFifty riNasuEbonyOtawaraImaichi
(sunlight)
ShioyaKanumaUtsunomiyaMokaKarasuyama(I.e.(I.e.
average
temperature
()
Warmest month19.8
(August)
18.5
(August)
21.7
(August)
20.8
(August)
23.2
(August)
24.0
(August)
22.9
(August)
23.9
(August)
24.2
(August)
25.3
(August)
24.9
(August)
24.3
(August)
25.5
(August)
25.4
(August)
Coldest month-4.1 qualifying.
(August)
-4.2 qualifying.
(August)
-1.9 qualifying.
(August)
-1.8 qualifying.
(August)
0.6
(August)
1.5
(August)
0.4
(August)
0.8
(August)
1.2
(August)
2.1
(August)
1.3
(August)
1.7
(August)
2.4
(August)
2.7
(August)
Precipitation amount
(mm)
Most months272.4
(August)
393.9
(August)
258.9
(August)
324.5
(August)
244.5
(August)
239.5
(August)
305.3
(August)
274.0
(August)
242.6
(August)
234.5
(August)
202.8
(August)
215.0
(August)
190.6
(August)
189.6
(August)
Minimum month45.0
(August)
36.0
(August)
39.9
(August)
41.0
(August)
24.0
(August)
22.6
(August)
24.5
(August)
22.2
(August)
22.5
(August)
25.5
(August)
25.5
(August)
25.4
(August)
22.9
(August)
19.1
(August)

Features by region

  • Northwest MountainsOkunikko ... Subarctic winter light rain climateIt is cool in summer and cold in winter. In areas where the altitude exceeds 1000 m, it may drop to below 20 degrees below zero during the severe winter, and especially above 1400 m.SenjogaharaIn the Kanto region, which has recorded around 30 degrees below zeroCold poleIs[9], The climate is inland of Hokkaido. At an altitude of 1291mWeather stationIs placedLake ChuzenjiDue to the lake effect on the shore, the coldness in the morning and evening is somewhat softened, but during the day most of it is below freezing.真 冬日Becomes Oku-Nikko has a large annual rainfall of 2000 mm and most of it is in summer.
  • Northern plainsNasu plateau …The northern mountains such as Nasu PlateauWest coast marine climateSince there are many cloudy and snowy days in winter, radiative cooling is somewhat alleviated especially in the slopes such as Nasu Amedas, and there are many days when it is relatively cold for the altitude. HoweverDaily rangeIs small and the temperature during the day is low真 冬日Often becomes. It becomes a cool summer resort in summer. On the other hand, cold air tends to accumulate in the northern plains, and when it gets cold, it becomes cold below 10 degrees below zero. KuroisoOtawaraThen, even in the 21st century, it may drop to below 10 degrees below zero. However, since it is often cloudy due to the influence of the monsoon, the chilling in the eastern region often does not last long. In the summer, even in the plains, it is cool, and it is almost never a tropical night, so it is easy to spend.
  • East area of ​​the prefectureHaga-gun-Nasu-gunSouthern ... Moka,Nasu Karasuyamaな どKinugawaThe region near the prefectural border of Ibaraki prefecture, which belongs to the eastern part, corresponds to this area. As the plains in Tochigi prefecture, it is the region with the coldest winter, and the average minimum temperature in January is 1°C below zero in Moka. The average minimum temperature in January was 5 degrees Celsius or below in January for three consecutive years from 2010 when the observation started at Nasu Karasuyama, and because the seasonal wind is weak and radiative cooling is likely to occur, it is the coldest place in the Kanto plains. is there. Almost every year, the extreme value is recorded below 3 degrees below zero. On the other hand, in summer, the temperature rises during the day, but the mornings and evenings are cool, making it relatively easy to spend.
  • Central prefecture area ... Utsunomiya CityThe central plains in Tochigi Prefecture are applicable. In UtsunomiyaHeat island phenomenonThe impact of is remarkable, and the minimum temperature rises sharply throughout the year. In particular, the average minimum temperature in January was 1 degrees below zero, the highest in Tochigi Prefecture, and increased significantly from 2.7 to 1961, which was 1990 degrees below zero in the old and normal years. The average minimum temperature in August was 4.5 degrees, the highest in Tochigi Prefecture,Tropical nightIs also the largest. However, in other regions, it is colder than it is in the east, but the average minimum temperature in January isShioyaBelow zero 4.6℃, below Imaichi 4.2℃,KanumaIt is below zero below 3.9℃, and it has dropped to around 21 degrees below zero even in the 10st century except Utsunomiya. During the daytime in summer真 夏日Although it gets hotter, it is often cool in the morning and evening.
  • South area of ​​prefecture ... Oyama City,Sano City,Ashikagaな どGunma,Ibaraki West AreaArea close to. In the summerExtremely hot dayIt is often the case with the toughest heat in Tochigi prefecture. It is warmer in winter than other areas in Tochigi prefecture except Utsunomiya, but it may drop to around zero degrees below zero.

Region

Area classification

Below isTochigi Prefectural OfficeIt is divided into 3 regions. It is divided into 10 areas by wide area administration.

The following are the four regions classified by the Environmental Forest Office. The Utsunomiya area is included in the eastern part of the prefecture.

  • East area of ​​the prefecture (Utsunomiya city, Moka city, Kawachi county, Haga county)
  • West of the prefecture (Kanuma City, Nikko City)
  • Prefecture south area (Ashikaga City, Tochigi City, Sano City, Oyama City, Shimotsuke City, Shimotsuga County)
  • Northern region of the prefecture (Otawara City, Yaita City, Nasu Shiobara City, Sakura City, Nasu Karasuyama City, Shioya District, Nasu District)

The following are the five regions classified by the tourism dynamics survey. The northern part of the Shioya district is included in the Nasu area, and the southern Shioya area and the southern Nasu area are included in the central prefecture area.

  • Nikko area (Nikko city)
  • Nasu area (Otawara City, Yaita City, Nasu Shiobara City, Shioya Town, Shioya District, Nasu Town, Nasu Town)
  • Central prefecture area (Utsunomiya City, Kanuma City, Sakura City, Nasu Karasuyama City, Kawachi District, Shioya District, Takanezawa Town, Nasu District, Nakagawa Town)
  • East area of ​​the prefecture (Moka city, Haga county)
  • Prefecture south area (Ashikaga City, Tochigi City, Sano City, Oyama City, Shimotsuke City, Shimotsuga County)

The following are the seven regions classified by the Agricultural Promotion Office and Education Office. The Shioya district and the Minami Nasu district are in the same jurisdiction.

  • Kawachi district (Utsunomiya City/Kawauchi-gun)
  • Kamitsuga district (Kanuma City, Nikko City)
  • Haga Area (Moka City, Haga District)
  • Shimotsuga District (Tochigi City, Oyama City, Shimotsuke City, Shimotsuga District)
  • Shioya Minami Nasu District (Yaita City/Sakura City/Nasu Karasuyama City/Shioya District/Nasu District Nakagawa Town)
  • Nasu area (Otawara City, Nasushiobara City, Nasu Town, Nasu Town)
  • Cheap feet area (Ashikaga city, Sano city)

The following are the eight area classifications by the former county city/former local office until the early Showa period.

  • Kawachi district (Utsunomiya City/Kawauchi-gun)
  • Kamitsuga district (Kamitsuga-gun)
  • Haga District (Haga-gun)
  • Shimotsuga district (Tochigi City, Shimotsuga-gun)
  • Shioya district (Shioya-gun)
  • Nasu district (Nasu-gun)
  • Anso district (Sano-shi, Anso-gun)
  • Ashikaga District (Ashikaga City, Ashikaga District)

The following are the nine areas classified by civil engineering offices.

  • Utsunomiya District (Utsunomiya City/Kawauchi-gun)
  • Kanuma district (Kanuma City)
  • Nikko area (Nikko city)
  • Moka District (Moka City, Haga District)
  • Tochigi District (Tochigi City, Oyama City, Shimotsuke City, Shimotsuga District)
  • Yaita District (Yaita City, Sakura City, Shioya District)
  • Otawara area (Otawara City, Nasushiobara City, Nasu Town, Nasu Town)
  • Karasuyama area (Nasu Karasuyama City, Nakagawa Town, Nasu District)
  • Cheap feet area (Ashikaga city, Sano city)

Region classification comparison table

Three categoriesFour categoriesSeven categoriesEight categoriesNine categoriesTen categoriesMunicipality
Prefecture northPrefecture northNasuNasuOtawaraNasuOtawara City,Nasushiobara,Nasu-gun(Nasu Town
Shioya Minami NasuKarasuyamaMinami NasuNasu Karasuyama, Nasu-gun (Nakagawa Town
ShioyaArrow sheetShioyaYaita,Sakura City,Shioya
Prefecture westKamitsugaKamitsugasunlightsunlightNikko
PrefectureKanumaKanumaKanuma City
Prefecture eastHanoiHanoiUtsunomiyaUtsunomiyaUtsunomiya City,Kawachi
HagaHagaMokaMokaMoka,Haga-gun
South of the prefectureSouth of the prefectureShimotsugaShimotsugaTochigi(I.e.Oyama City,Shimotsuke,Shimotsuga-gun(Nogi Town
TochigiTochigi City, Shimotsuga-gun (Mibu Town
Cheap footAnsoCheap footCheap footSano City
AshikagaAshikaga

Prefecture municipalities

There are 14 cities, 5 districts, and 11 towns below. All towns are read as "towns". There is no village in Tochigi Prefecture. However,Great Heisei mergerThere used to be a “village”, and at that time I read everything “mura”.

Metropolitan area

Urban employment area(10% commuting area)

1980 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015
Utsunomiya Metropolitan area
54Ten thousand7545
Utsunomiya Metropolitan area
80Ten thousand0459
Utsunomiya Metropolitan area
85Ten thousand9178
Utsunomiya Metropolitan area
88Ten thousand8005
Utsunomiya Metropolitan area
108Ten thousand2347
Utsunomiya Metropolitan area
112Ten thousand0057
Utsunomiya Metropolitan area
110Ten thousand3745
Kanuma Metropolitan area
9Ten thousand5999
Imaichi Metropolitan area
5Ten thousand0423
sunlight Metropolitan area
2Ten thousand3885
-
Moka Metropolitan area
9Ten thousand2065
Moka Metropolitan area
10Ten thousand3541
Moka Metropolitan area
10Ten thousand5897
Moka Metropolitan area
10Ten thousand7175
(I.e. Metropolitan area
19Ten thousand0194
(I.e. Metropolitan area
20Ten thousand9818
(I.e. Metropolitan area
23Ten thousand9249
(I.e. Metropolitan area
24Ten thousand5698
(I.e. Metropolitan area
23Ten thousand0375
(I.e. Metropolitan area
21Ten thousand6948
(I.e. Metropolitan area
21Ten thousand8354
Ashikaga Metropolitan area
16Ten thousand5753
Ashikaga Metropolitan area
16Ten thousand7615
Ashikaga Metropolitan area
16Ten thousand5588
Ashikaga Metropolitan area
16Ten thousand3066
Ota metropolitan areaUnited with(Ota metropolitan area)
(I.e. Metropolitan area
14Ten thousand2411
(I.e. Metropolitan area
14Ten thousand7663
(I.e. Metropolitan area
14Ten thousand7842
(I.e. Metropolitan area
14Ten thousand5194
(I.e. Metropolitan area
16Ten thousand0993
(I.e. Metropolitan area
12Ten thousand1249
(I.e. Metropolitan area
11Ten thousand8919
Tochigi Metropolitan area
12Ten thousand9963
Tochigi Metropolitan area
13Ten thousand4946
Tochigi Metropolitan area
13Ten thousand4676
Tochigi Metropolitan area
13Ten thousand3058
Tochigi Metropolitan area
13Ten thousand1696
Tochigi Metropolitan area
16Ten thousand4024
Tochigi Metropolitan area
15Ten thousand9211
Otawara Metropolitan area
10Ten thousand0083
Otawara Metropolitan area
11Ten thousand1945
Otawara Metropolitan area
11Ten thousand6708
Otawara Metropolitan area
12Ten thousand2127
Nasushiobara Metropolitan area
25Ten thousand6433
Nasushiobara Metropolitan area
25Ten thousand7649
Nasushiobara Metropolitan area
25Ten thousand0876
Ebony Metropolitan area
7Ten thousand3363
Ebony Metropolitan area
7Ten thousand9014
Ebony Metropolitan area
8Ten thousand3023
Ebony Metropolitan area
8Ten thousand5713
-Arrow sheet Metropolitan area
3Ten thousand5585
Arrow sheet Metropolitan area
3Ten thousand6650
Arrow sheet Metropolitan area
3Ten thousand6444
  • Urban employment areas included in other urban employment areas are shown in gray, and gray if the urban employment area is not established and shown as “-”.
  • Changes in traffic
    • 1982(57)-Tohoku Shinkansen Omiya-Opening between Morioka Station.
    • 1985(60)-Tohoku Shinkansen Omiya-Opening between Ueno station.
    • 1991(3)-Tohoku Shinkansen Ueno-Tokyo station opening.
  • Tohoku ShinkansenNasushiobara StationIs located between Otawara and Kuroiso.
  • Local governments in other prefectures included in Tochigi prefecture's metropolitan areas:IbarakiYuki(Oyama metropolitan area

Other area classification examples

  • Two major divisions, north and south of the prefecture-division of districts such as the Upper House election
  • Three major categories: prefecture north, prefecture center, and prefecture south
  • 5 major categories: prefecture north, prefecture east, prefecture west, prefecture center, and prefecture south
  • Classifications such as the Ukawa, Ashi, and Nasu districts (mainly used for district division of school-related events such as music and sports competitions)
  • Utsunomiya number, Tochigi number, Nasu number (Local number

Great Heisei merger

History

HistoricallyKofun period,Kenogawa(Currently Kinugawa) "Kono Kuni" has been established in the whole basin, and you can see this "up and down" and "Shimotsuki no Kuni"Shimono country(Shimotsuke no Kuni)" was established, and in the Chinese name "Noshu(Yashu)". Even nowShimotsukeThe term "shimotsuki" is widely used.

Prehistoric

  • Located in northern Tochigi prefectureactive volcano-Mt. TakayamaKengamine, which is one of the mountains that make upobsidianIt was usedstone tool YaitaMore than 200km awayShizuokaMishima City,NaganoShinanoIt is discovered in the ruins of and is being researched. If the production time is old, it is about 3 years ago from the characteristics of stone toolsLate PaleolithicIt is believed that the mining remains (Kogen Mt. Obsidian origin sites) are the oldest in Japan.Ice ageHigh altitude near 400m above sea level of 1,500m above the forest limit in the northeastern part of Kanto at the time when people are difficult to approach during the cold season[11]That was mined inStone ageAttention is gathering because it has become clear that the activities and trade areas that overturn the concept of ”and the efficient work by excavating the ruins have been performed. In addition, researchers have reported that this new discovery will be a clue to trace the origin of the Japanese and the evolution of the human race.[12][13][14].. The latest research has revealed that obsidian stone ware from the plateau was widely distributed in the southern Kanto region.
    • Yaita City Board of Education 2008According to the (20) survey, it is estimated that it was produced 1 to 2 years agoPointed deviceAnnounced that it had discovered the remains of the mine. At the same time 2007It was estimated that the obsidian mining mine excavated in (19) was 1 thousand years ago,Radiocarbon datingBy 8 thousand years-5 thousand years agoJomon PeriodMade fixes with early ones[15][16][17].
    • What the discovery and excavation of the highland obsidian origin ruins

Ancient times

  • Shimogeno KuniNasu The7st centuryUnified in the second halfShimono countryThen, the prefecture area of ​​present Tochigi prefecture was formed.
    • "Kokufu is in Toga-gun" ("Wanakinjusho"), and as a result of the excavation, the government office of Kokufu was found around Miyame Shrine (Tamura Town, Tochigi City), and the area of ​​about 90 meters square was covered by a fence. It was sectioned, and when entering the south gate, the front hall and the east and west side halls on both sides were confirmed. The government office was rebuilt four times from the early 8th century to the early 10th century and survived.
    • Shimonoguni is in 9 counties (70 towns)Ashikaga(6 towns),Aso-gun(4 towns),Liangda County(3 towns),Toga District(11 towns),Kawachi(11 towns),Haga-gun(14 towns),Nasu-gun(12 towns),Samukawa(3 towns),ShioyaIt was divided into (6 towns).
    • The county that is the government office of the county is Nasu-gun (the ruins of Nasu officials in Ogawa-machi), Haga-gun (the ruins of Dookada in Moka city), Kawachi-gun (the remains of Taiko Kami-Mikawa-cho), Samukawa-gun (Sendatsuka Sengen, Oyama-shi). 5 ruins of Ashikaga-gun (Kashifu remains of Ashikaga City) have been discovered. The ruins of Nasu-gun, whose contents are known, are located in Umezo, Ogawa-machi, near the confluence of the Naka River and the Broom River. The area of ​​the county is 200 meters north-south and 400 meters east-west, and is divided into three blocks by the ditch, west, central, and east. The western block is a square with a side of about 3 meters surrounded by a large groove with a width of 4 meters and a depth of 1 meter, and many pillared digging buildings that are thought to be warehouses have been found. The central and east blocks are residential land. Two buildings are found in the central block, which are considered to be cornerstone warehouses.[21].
  • sunlightKnown as the founder of KaizanShodoIt is,Shimono Yakushi-ji TempleAfter 5 years of training inMt. NantaisanAiming for 766It is said that the Shibonryuji Temple was erected. 782In the third attempt, he reached the summit, and then built Jinguji Temple (now Chuzenji Temple) and established the origin of Nikko 3. One theory is "sunlightThe place nameKukaiIt is said that the origin of the letter was applied to "Nikou", which read aloud the Futara (potaraka), but all the chronicles at that time were "Futara" and the first look of "Nikko" in the record was Kamakura. It is the latter half of the era, and this period coincides with the period when many Senju Kannon and Nikko Bosatsu statues were established in Shimotsuke (Otani cliff Buddha,Sanuki Stone Buddha).

中 世

The early modern period

In modern timesToyotomi AdministrationThe clan from the Middle Ages, such as Mr. Mibu and Mr. Koyama, is confiscated from the territory,UtsunomiyaThe Nasu people of Ozeki and Otawara have been relieved of their former territory by being submissive to the Toyotomi government and succeeding the name of the Kamakura government.Mr. KitsuregawaMr. Narita and others acquired the territory. In 18, Ieyasu Tokugawa was transferred to the Kanto region, and Shimono is located at the point of contact between the Toyotomi daimyo and the Tokugawa territory. In addition, in 1590 under the Toyotomi administration (1597nd year of Keicho), Mr. Utsunomiya was changed.

After the death of Toyotomi Hideyoshi, the Toyotomi governmentUesugi KagekatsuOf the five magistratesMitsunari IshidaHowever, Ieyasu departs in Aizu to defeat the scenic spots in May 5. Mitsunari raised in the upper part during Ieyasu's dispatch, and Ieyasu turned back to the upper piece in Koyama and defeated Mitsunarikata in the Battle of Sekigahara. IeyasuEdoToTokugawa ShogunateAfter opening, the influential Australians since the Middle Ages disappeared one after another from Shimono, and the prefecture areaShogunate territory,Flag bookOf the Tokugawa familyFutami Daimyo,Flag bookCame to rule.

Edo periodBakuhan systemInUtsunomiya Domain,Mibu Clan,Karasuyama Domain,Kurobane Clan,Otawara Domain,Sano Clan,Ashikaga Domain,Fukiage clan,Kotoku Domain,KitsuregawaThe Fukuhara family's Sakuyama Jinya, the Ashino family's Nasu family's Fukuhara Jinya, the Otawara family's Morita Jinya, etc.ReplacementThe territory was ruled by the Jinya.

Shimotsukuni is located at the node from Edo to Oshu, and in modern timesNikko way,Oshu KaidoRoads and sidewalks such as Mibu-dori have been maintained, and lodging stations such as Oyamajuku and Imaichijuku have also been improved. In addition, the river transportation network such as Watarase River, Ogawa River, Kinu River, etc. of the Tone River system has been improved,River bankWas installed and the boat was carried.

sunlight(Nikko) Is a sacred place for the Shogunate,ToshoguAnd other brilliant buildings were created and specially protected and revered.

In the early modern period, at various places including the foot of NikkoNitta development・Under water cutting, the controversy over the farmHydrologyAlso occurred.

In the latter half of the Edo era, the current Tochigi prefecture area will suffer from the severe exhaustion and devastation of the local community and the rapid population decline. Population estimation[27]According to the report, the total population of Shimotsukuni was about 6 people in the 1721st century from Kyoho 5 (1834) in the middle Edo period to Tempo 1 (56) in the late Edo period. About 61.1[28]The population has fallen to about 1% in the first century, and the population is in a state of collapse. During the same period, Japan's total population grew by about 4% (10%) despite repeated famines.[29]Even in the Mutsukoku region on the northeastern Pacific side, where famine is said to have been serious, the population decline of less than 1.5% (86.1%) has been suppressed.[30]Even if you think about it, you can see the remarkable devastation of Shimotsukuni in the late Edo period.[31].

In such a state,Ninomiya SontokuSakuramachi (currentlyMokaoldNinomiya town) Of the flag territoryHotoku methodCarried out a reform project called.

Modern and contemporary

  • Boshin WarNow it will be one of the battlefields in the Kanto area such as Utsunomiya (Battle of Utsunomiya), 1868(Keio 4th year) JuneMichitaro Nabeshima(Hizen clan) is ShimonoguniTomooka PrefectureWas appointed to the Nikko territory in August. In September, Nabeshima Prefecture entered the former Nikko Magistrate's Office, 1869(Meiji 2) In JulyNikkoIt was renamed and the prefectural office was set up in Nikko.
  • 1873(6th year of Meiji)6/15Utonomiya and Tochigi prefectures merge to form today's Tochigi prefecture[32], The prefectural office was set up in Tochigi Town. Three years later 1876In (Meiji 9), 3 counties in UenoKumagayaMerged with the northern part of Ueno (domestic Ueno)GunmaIt became a part of the prefecture and became the same prefecture area as it is now. 1884(17th year of Meiji),TochigiThe prefectural government office was moved to Utsunomiya Town under the name.

population

Prefecture population is 1,974,255 ( 2015(Heisei27 years)Census)so,Prefectures18th place (List of prefectures). The largest census population is 2005The number was 17 in 2,016,631 and was ranked 20th in prefectures.

2000(HeiseiThe city in the top 12 in the population ranking according to the census in 100 was Utsunomiya (34).Prefectural office location and population rank of ordinance-designated cities)。各年の国勢調査で人口順位が上位100位内に入ったことのある市町は、宇都宮(最高位:2010年(平成22年)27位・2015年(平成27年)27位)・足利(最高位:1965年(昭和40年)88位)・足尾(最高位:1920年(大正9年)98位)の2市1町であった。

The cities of Tochigi Prefecture are mainly Kinugawa, which flows from the northern mountainous areas.Nakagawa, The Watarase River and other riversThe Pacific OceanOf the flow path towardsAlluvial plainRiver terraceDeveloped in the club. Located in the center of the prefectureUtsunomiya CityConsists of a mountainous area in the northwest and a plain area in the central south, and the city area is formed at the boundary between the mountainous area and the plain area. other than this,Watarase River,Tagawa, Kinugawa,Nakagawa,OgawaIn the middle river basin such asAshikaga,Shimotsuke,Moka,Nasu Karasuyama,Kanuma City,Tochigi City,Oyama CitySuch a medium-sized city is developing.

Demography09000.svg
Tochigi Prefecture and Population Distribution by Age in Japan (2005)Tochigi Prefecture Population Distribution by Age and Gender (2005)
Purple-Tochigi
Green-All over Japan
Blue-male
Red-female

Tochigi population change
Ministry of Internal Affairs and CommunicationsStatistics Bureau CensusThan

The population density

2010(Heisei22 years) of Tochigi prefecture by censusThe population densityIs 1square kilometerThere are 313.29 people.

A city with a population density of over 1 people per square kilometerUtsunomiya CityOnly Utsunomiya and Ashikaga are two cities with a population density of more than 1 people per square kilometer.

Tochigi prefecture and major municipalities in 22 Prefectural Census Population Density/Community Population Density
Prefecture cityTotal population
(Man)
Total area
(Km2
The population density
(People/km2)
Habitable place
area
(Km2
Habitable place
The population density
(People/km2
Tochigi2,007,6836,408.28313.292,981.51673.37
Utsunomiya City511,739416.841,227.66330.711,547.39
Ashikaga154,530177.82869.0297.761,580.7
Tochigi City139,262252.83550.81195.48712.41
Sano City121,249356.07340.52134.66900.4
Kanuma City102,348490.62208.6147.86692.19
Nikko90,0661,449.8762.12224.41401.34
Oyama City164,454171.61958.3165.67992.66
Moka82,289167.21492.12152.03541.26
Otawara City77,729354.12219.49200.42387.83
Yaita35,343170.66207.0972.56487.08
Nasushiobara117,812592.82198.7213.93550.7
Sakura City44,768125.46356.8399.81448.53
Nasu Karasuyama29,206174.42167.4491.98317.52
Shimotsuke59,48374.58797.5771.25834.84
Kamimikawa Town31,62154.52579.9852.92597.52
Mibu Town39,60561.08648.4156.18704.96
Takanezawa Town30,43670.9429.2865.82462.41

Demographic transition

1 timesCensusWas carried out 1920(TaishoThe prefecture's population in 9 was approximately 104 million, ranked 47rd out of 25 prefectures. Municipalities with a population of 3 or moreUtsunomiya-Ashikaga-AshioThere were 3 municipalities.

2000(HeiseiAccording to the national census, the prefecture population is about 12 million, ranking 200th among 47 prefectures. Municipalities with a population of 20 or more are Utsunomiya, Ashikaga,Tochigi-(I.e.-Kanuma-Imaichi-(I.e.-Moka-Otawara-Arrow sheet-Ebony-Hanoi-Mibu-NishinasunoThere were 14 municipalities.

The table below shows all the cities in Tochigi Prefecture and the old towns that make up the city center (Utsunomiya, Ashikaga, Tochigi, Sano, Kanuma,sunlight・Imaichi/Oyama/Moka/Otawara/Yaita/Kuroiso/Nasushiobara/Ujiie/さ く ら-Karasuyama/Nasu Karasuyama-Ishibashi/Shimotsuke), a town with a population of 3 or more and its former towns and villages (Kami-Mikawa-hometown/Hanoi-Ashio-Mibu-Akutsu/Takanezawa-Ashino/Nasu-Nishinasuno-TanumaThe total population of 23 municipalities is shown.

Tochigi Prefecture and Major Cities in the Prefecture Census Population Changes (Taisho/Middle Showa Period)
1920
(Taisho9 years)
1925
(Taisho 14)
1930
(Showa5 years)
1935
(10)
1940
(15)
1947
(22)
1950
(25)
1955
(30)
1960
(35)
1965
(40)
Tochigi
1,046,479
Tochigi
1,090,428
Tochigi
1,141,737
Tochigi
1,195,057
Tochigi
1,206,657
Tochigi
1,534,311
Tochigi
1,550,462
Tochigi
1,547,580
Tochigi
1,513,624
Tochigi
1,521,656
Utsunomiya City
63,771
Utsunomiya City
76,138
Utsunomiya City
81,388
Utsunomiya City
87,129
Utsunomiya City
87,868
Utsunomiya City
97,075
Utsunomiya City
107,210
Utsunomiya City
227,153
Utsunomiya City
239,007
Utsunomiya City
265,696
Ashikaga
33,637
Ashikaga
39,401
Ashikaga
43,898
Ashikaga
48,875
Ashikaga
48,310
Ashikaga
51,309
Ashikaga
52,810
Ashikaga
102,078
Ashikaga
110,972
Ashikaga
150,259
Tochigi Town
24,570
Tochigi Town
27,370
Tochigi Town
29,684
Tochigi Town
31,335
Tochigi City
31,195
Tochigi City
42,553
Tochigi City
42,248
Tochigi City
67,924
Tochigi City
73,436
Tochigi City
74,671
Sano Town
14,206
Sano Town
16,731
Sano Town
17,179
Sano Town
18,170
Sano Town
17,873
Sano City
55,302
Sano City
55,180
Sano City
69,412
Sano City
68,461
Sano City
68,931
Kanuma Town
18,097
Kanuma Town
20,452
Kanuma Town
21,969
Kanuma Town
22,797
Kanuma Town
23,781
Kanuma Town
32,037
Kanuma City
32,377
Kanuma City
80,771
Kanuma City
77,927
Kanuma City
77,240
1920 1925 1930 1935 1940 1947 1950 1955 1960 1965
Nikko
17,378
Nikko
17,780
Nikko
19,545
Nikko
21,452
Nikko
25,173
Nikko
27,931
Nikko
29,363
Nikko
33,490
Nikko
33,348
Nikko
32,031
Imaichi
10,386
Imaichi
11,742
Imaichi
12,667
Imaichi
13,473
Imaichi
13,826
Imaichi
17,746
Imaichi
18,044
Imaichi City
43,171
Imaichi City
42,476
Imaichi City
42,751
Oyama Town
10,769
Oyama Town
12,718
Oyama Town
13,975
Oyama Town
14,154
Oyama Town
14,662
Oyama Town
20,785
Oyama Town
21,439
Oyama City
33,191
Oyama City
34,973
Oyama City
90,632
Moka Town
8,241
Moka Town
9,017
Moka Town
9,739
Moka Town
10,357
Moka Town
10,014
Moka Town
13,771
Moka Town
13,514
Moka
40,978
Moka
39,440
Moka
38,117
Otawara Town
9,116
Otawara Town
10,091
Otawara Town
10,940
Otawara Town
11,778
Otawara Town
11,657
Otawara Town
16,132
Otawara Town
15,864
Otawara City
37,847
Otawara City
42,111
Otawara City
41,026
1920 1925 1930 1935 1940 1947 1950 1955 1960 1965
Yaita Town
8,340
Yaita Town
8,878
Yaita Town
9,674
Yaita Town
10,025
Yaita Town
9,968
Yaita Town
14,802
Yaita Town
15,256
Yaita Town
30,062
Yaita
29,085
Yaita
28,312
Kuroiso Town
6,165
Kuroiso Town
5,791
Kuroiso Town
6,577
Kuroiso Town
7,330
Kuroiso Town
8,051
Kuroiso Town
10,849
Kuroiso Town
10,952
Kuroiso Town
30,188
Kuroiso Town
30,413
Kuroiso Town
32,268
Ujiie Town
7,854
Ujiie Town
8,626
Ujiie Town
9,625
Ujiie Town
10,119
Ujiie Town
10,150
Ujiie Town
14,026
Ujiie Town
14,199
Ujiie Town
19,617
Ujiie Town
20,137
Ujiie Town
20,359
Karasuyama Town
6,070
Karasuyama Town
7,087
Karasuyama Town
7,451
Karasuyama Town
8,137
Karasuyama Town
7,851
Karasuyama Town
11,337
Karasuyama Town
10,939
Karasuyama Town
26,867
Karasuyama Town
24,729
Karasuyama Town
22,822
Ishibashi
3,300
Ishibashi
3,945
Ishibashi
4,209
Ishibashi
4,504
Ishibashi
4,639
Ishibashi
6,946
Ishibashi
7,061
Ishibashi
12,430
Ishibashi
12,168
Ishibashi
13,232
1920 1925 1930 1935 1940 1947 1950 1955 1960 1965
Kamimikawa Town
5,325
Kamimikawa Town
5,581
Kamimikawa Town
5,981
Kamimikawa Town
6,256
Kamimikawa Town
6,372
Kamimikawa Town
8,172
Kamimikawa Town
7,924
Kamimikawa Town
19,059
Kamimikawa Town
17,766
Kamimikawa Town
16,945
Furusato Village
4,682
Furusato Village
4,919
Furusato Village
5,162
Furusato Village
5,229
Furusato Village
5,548
Furusato Village
8,091
Furusato Village
8,650
Kawachi
13,616
Kawachi
13,400
Kawachi
13,505
Ashio
32,804
Ashio
22,547
Ashio
23,803
Ashio
25,484
Ashio
23,187
Ashio
19,107
Ashio
18,994
Ashio
18,510
Ashio
16,608
Ashio
14,470
Mibu Town
7,178
Mibu Town
7,426
Mibu Town
7,773
Mibu Town
8,217
Mibu Town
8,297
Mibu Town
11,668
Mibu Town
11,463
Mibu Town
25,282
Mibu Town
24,007
Mibu Town
23,772
Akutsu
6,652
Akutsu
6,959
Akutsu
7,391
Akutsu
7,467
Akutsu
7,374
Akutsu
9,774
Akutsu
9,706
Akutsu Town
9,363
Takanezawa Town
21,479
Takanezawa Town
20,485
1920 1925 1930 1935 1940 1947 1950 1955 1960 1965
Ashino Town
3,587
Ashino Town
3,724
Ashino Town
3,790
Ashino Town
3,828
Ashino Town
3,737
Ashino Town
4,856
Ashino Town
4,801
Nasu Town
31,034
Nasu Town
30,359
Nasu Town
29,345
Nishinasuno Village
5,058
Nishinasuno Village
5,370
Nishinasuno Village
6,007
Nishinasuno Town
6,471
Nishinasuno Town
6,681
Nishinasuno Town
9,609
Nishinasuno Town
9,816
Nishinasuno Town
19,178
Nishinasuno Town
18,614
Nishinasuno Town
19,130
Tanuma Town
12,595
Tanuma Town
13,076
Tanuma Town
12,839
Tanuma Town
12,854
Tanuma Town
13,175
Tanuma Town
17,181
Tanuma Town
16,992
Tanuma Town
23,156
Tanuma Town
30,243
Tanuma Town
29,438
Tochigi Prefecture and Major Cities in the Prefecture Census Population Changes (Late Showa/Heisei)
1970
(45)
1975
(50)
1980
(55)
1985
(60)
1990
(Heisei2 years)
1995
(7)
2000
(12)
2005
(17)
2010
(22)
2015
(27)
Tochigi
1,580,021
Tochigi
1,698,003
Tochigi
1,792,201
Tochigi
1,866,066
Tochigi
1,935,168
Tochigi
1,984,390
Tochigi
2,004,817
Tochigi
2,016,631
Tochigi
2,007,683
Tochigi
1,974,255
Utsunomiya City
301,231
Utsunomiya City
344,420
Utsunomiya City
377,746
Utsunomiya City
405,375
Utsunomiya City
426,795
Utsunomiya City
435,357
Utsunomiya City
443,808
Utsunomiya City
457,673
Utsunomiya City
511,739
Utsunomiya City
518,594
Ashikaga
156,004
Ashikaga
162,359
Ashikaga
165,756
Ashikaga
167,656
Ashikaga
167,686
Ashikaga
165,828
Ashikaga
163,140
Ashikaga
159,756
Ashikaga
154,530
Ashikaga
149,452
Tochigi City
78,345
Tochigi City
83,189
Tochigi City
85,592
Tochigi City
86,290
Tochigi City
86,216
Tochigi City
85,137
Tochigi City
83,855
Tochigi City
82,340
Tochigi City
139,262
Tochigi City
159,211
Sano City
71,573
Sano City
75,844
Sano City
78,351
Sano City
80,753
Sano City
83,484
Sano City
84,069
Sano City
83,414
Sano City
123,926
Sano City
121,249
Sano City
118,919
Kanuma City
77,746
Kanuma City
81,799
Kanuma City
85,159
Kanuma City
88,078
Kanuma City
90,043
Kanuma City
93,053
Kanuma City
94,128
Kanuma City
94,009
Kanuma City
102,348
Kanuma City
98,374
1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015
Nikko
28,502
Nikko
26,279
Nikko
23,885
Nikko
21,705
Nikko
20,128
Nikko
18,874
Nikko
17,428
Nikko
16,379
Nikko
90,066
Nikko
83,386
Imaichi City
43,201
Imaichi City
46,760
Imaichi City
50,423
Imaichi City
53,113
Imaichi City
56,008
Imaichi City
60,811
Imaichi City
62,476
Imaichi City
62,047
(Nikko City)(Nikko City)
Oyama City
105,346
Oyama City
120,264
Oyama City
127,226
Oyama City
134,242
Oyama City
142,262
Oyama City
150,115
Oyama City
155,198
Oyama City
160,150
Oyama City
164,454
Oyama City
166,760
Moka
40,008
Moka
47,345
Moka
52,764
Moka
57,261
Moka
61,748
Moka
63,340
Moka
64,648
Moka
66,362
Moka
82,289
Moka
79,539
Otawara City
40,698
Otawara City
42,332
Otawara City
46,662
Otawara City
49,542
Otawara City
52,547
Otawara City
53,683
Otawara City
56,557
Otawara City
79,023
Otawara City
77,729
Otawara City
75,457
1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015
Yaita
30,063
Yaita
31,132
Yaita
32,747
Yaita
34,582
Yaita
35,603
Yaita
36,650
Yaita
36,466
Yaita
35,685
Yaita
35,343
Yaita
33,354
Kuroiso Town
37,800
Kuroiso
42,349
Kuroiso
46,574
Kuroiso
49,742
Kuroiso
52,344
Kuroiso
56,275
Kuroiso
58,783
Nasushiobara
115,032
Nasushiobara
117,812
Nasushiobara
117,146
Ujiie Town
21,034
Ujiie Town
22,167
Ujiie Town
23,560
Ujiie Town
24,364
Ujiie Town
25,109
Ujiie Town
26,948
Ujiie Town
28,720
Sakura City
41,383
Sakura City
44,768
Sakura City
44,901
Karasuyama Town
21,625
Karasuyama Town
21,576
Karasuyama Town
21,613
Karasuyama Town
21,571
Karasuyama Town
21,058
Karasuyama Town
20,288
Karasuyama Town
19,408
Nasu Karasuyama
31,152
Nasu Karasuyama
29,206
Nasu Karasuyama
27,047
Ishibashi
15,687
Ishibashi
18,083
Ishibashi
18,560
Ishibashi
19,123
Ishibashi
19,039
Ishibashi
19,174
Ishibashi
19,498
Ishibashi
20,494
Shimotsuke
59,483
Shimotsuke
59,431
1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015
Kamimikawa Town
18,003
Kamimikawa Town
23,631
Kamimikawa Town
24,597
Kamimikawa Town
25,229
Kamimikawa Town
27,300
Kamimikawa Town
27,700
Kamimikawa Town
29,421
Kamimikawa Town
31,592
Kamimikawa Town
31,621
Kamimikawa Town
31,046
Kawachi Town
14,832
Kawachi Town
19,193
Kawachi Town
23,423
Kawachi Town
26,266
Kawachi Town
30,083
Kawachi Town
32,616
Kawachi Town
34,310
Kawachi Town
35,176
(Utsunomiya City)(Utsunomiya City)
Ashio
11,202
Ashio
6,948
Ashio
6,007
Ashio
5,556
Ashio
4,934
Ashio
4,380
Ashio
3,797
Ashio
3,248
(Nikko City)(Nikko City)
Mibu Town
25,475
Mibu Town
30,791
Mibu Town
35,037
Mibu Town
37,573
Mibu Town
39,588
Mibu Town
39,823
Mibu Town
39,853
Mibu Town
40,107
Mibu Town
39,605
Mibu Town
39,951
Takanezawa Town
20,662
Takanezawa Town
21,859
Takanezawa Town
22,765
Takanezawa Town
23,662
Takanezawa Town
26,328
Takanezawa Town
27,785
Takanezawa Town
29,777
Takanezawa Town
30,915
Takanezawa Town
30,436
Takanezawa Town
29,639
1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015
Nasu Town
28,121
Nasu Town
27,699
Nasu Town
26,824
Nasu Town
26,789
Nasu Town
26,670
Nasu Town
26,748
Nasu Town
27,027
Nasu Town
26,693
Nasu Town
26,765
Nasu Town
24,919
Nishinasuno Town
20,834
Nishinasuno Town
24,437
Nishinasuno Town
28,807
Nishinasuno Town
31,763
Nishinasuno Town
35,602
Nishinasuno Town
39,653
Nishinasuno Town
43,186
(Nasushiobara City)(Nasushiobara City)(Nasushiobara City)
Tanuma Town
28,615
Tanuma Town
29,364
Tanuma Town
29,854
Tanuma Town
30,176
Tanuma Town
30,423
Tanuma Town
30,456
Tanuma Town
29,582
(Sano City)(Sano City)(Sano City)

Concentrated area

2010(Heisei22 years)CensusDID in Tochigi prefecture byConcentrated area) Has 15 municipalities and 22 districts, and the DIDs with a population of 5 or more were Utsunomiya City I, Ashikaga City, and Oyama City I.

Tochigi population intensive district
Prefecture county municipalityHeisei 2
DID population
Prefecture county municipalityHeisei 12
DID population
Prefecture county municipalityHeisei 22
DID population
9000-00Tochigi745,425745,4259000-00Tochigi825,047825,0479000-00Tochigi888,072888,072
9000-01City670,904670,9049000-01City727,082727,0829000-01City841,440841,440
9000-02County074,52174,5219000-02County097,96597,9659000-02County046,63246,632
9201-00Utsunomiya City325,086325,0869201-00Utsunomiya City349,054349,0549201-00Utsunomiya City384,583384,583
9201-01Utsunomiya City I319,598319,5989201-01Utsunomiya City I341,013341,0139201-01Utsunomiya City I376,341376,341
9201-02Utsunomiya City II005,4885,4889201-02Utsunomiya City II008,0418,0419201-02Utsunomiya City II008,2428,242
9202-00Ashikaga094,02094,0209202-00-9202-00-
9202-01Ashikaga City I088,61188,6119202-01Ashikaga094,70094,7009202-01Ashikaga091,76891,768
9202-02Ashikaga City II005,4095,4099202-02-9202-02-
9203-00-9203-00-9203-00Tochigi City057,34757,347
9203-01Tochigi City044,01544,0159203-01Tochigi City043,83543,8359203-01Tochigi City I045,02045,020
9204-00-9204-00-9204-00Sano City045,67845,678
9204-01Sano City041,01341,0139204-01Sano City040,71040,7109204-01Sano City I040,51140,511
9205Kanuma City031,89231,8929205Kanuma City038,53138,5319205Kanuma City041,37741,377
9206Nikko008,8158,8159206Nikko005,0495,0499206-
9207Imaichi City011,00211,0029207Imaichi City009,6769,6769206Nikko009,0509,050
9208-00Oyama City058,59158,5919208-00Oyama City075,94875,9489208-00Oyama City092,87192,871
9208-01Oyama City I049,29349,2939208-01Oyama City I063,73363,7339208-01Oyama City I080,10880,108
9208-02Oyama City II009,2989,2989208-02Oyama City II012,21512,2159208-02Oyama City II012,76312,763
9209Moka018,02418,0249209Moka023,91323,9139209Moka027,45727,457
9210Otawara City012,69712,6979210Otawara City013,98913,9899210Otawara City015,81315,813
9211Yaita010,93510,9359211Yaita011,58811,5889211Yaita011,15811,158
9213-00-9213-00-9213-00Nasushiobara031,65431,654
9212Kuroiso014,81414,8149212Kuroiso020,08920,0899213-01Nasushiobara City I018,91918,919
9216-00-9216-00-9216-00Shimotsuke032,68432,684
9302-9302Minamikawachi Town010,05910,0599216-012-
9361-00Mibu Town017,15617,1569361-00Mibu Town018,00818,0089361-00Mibu Town019,40319,403
9361-01Mibucho I010,81710,8179361-01Mibucho I010,64710,6479361-01Mibucho I011,47911,479
9361-02Mibucho II006,3396,3399361-02Mibucho II007,3617,3619361-02Mibucho II007,9247,924
9362Ishibashi007,5057,5059362Ishibashi008,6848,6849216-02Shimotsuke City II010,30110,301
9363-9363Kokubunji Town005,9695,9699216-011Shimotsuke I022,38322,383
9364Nogi Town010,31810,3189364Nogi Town013,71113,7119364Nogi Town013,48513,485
9365Ohira Town009,0069,0069365Ohira Town011,15511,1559203-02Tochigi City II012,32712,327
9386-9386-9386Takanezawa Town013,74413,744
9402Karasuyama Town005,4415,4419402-9402-
9409Nishinasuno Town011,23511,2359409Nishinasuno Town011,57611,5769213-02Nasushiobara City II012,73512,735
9421Tanuma Town005,3695,3699421Tanuma Town005,3795,3799204-02Sano City II005,1675,167
Tochigi Prefecture Population Concentration Changes
Census yearNumber of districtsPopulation concentration area name
1990
(Heisei2 years)
24Utsunomiya
I II
HanoiAshikaga
I II
TochigiOhira(I.e.TanumaKanumasunlightImaichi(I.e.
I II
NogiMokaOtawaraArrow sheet-Mibu
I II
Ishibashi--KarasuyamaEbonyNishinasuno
1995
(7)
26Utsunomiya
I II
HanoiAshikaga
I II
TochigiOhira(I.e.TanumaKanumasunlightImaichi(I.e.
I II
NogiMokaOtawaraArrow sheet-Mibu
I II
IshibashiKokubunjiMinamikawachiKarasuyamaEbonyNishinasuno
2000
(12)
24Utsunomiya
I II
HanoiAshikagaTochigiOhira(I.e.TanumaKanumasunlightImaichi(I.e.
I II
NogiMokaOtawaraArrow sheet-Mibu
I II
IshibashiKokubunjiMinamikawachi-EbonyNishinasuno
2005
(17)
24Utsunomiya
I II
HanoiAshikagaTochigiOhira(I.e.
I II
Kanuma-Imaichi(I.e.
I II
NogiMokaOtawaraArrow sheetTakanezawaMibu
I II
IshibashiKokubunjiMinamikawachi-Nasushiobara
I II
2010
(22)
22Utsunomiya
I II
AshikagaTochigi
I II
(I.e.
I II
Kanumasunlight(I.e.
I II
NogiMokaOtawaraArrow sheetTakanezawaMibu
I II
Shimotsuke
I II
-Nasushiobara
I II
2015
(27)
22Utsunomiya
I II
AshikagaTochigi
I II
(I.e.
I II
Kanumasunlight(I.e.
I II
NogiMokaOtawaraArrow sheetTakanezawaMibu
I II
Shimotsuke
I II
-Nasushiobara
I II

Politics

Prefectural government

Successive elected governors

  • Shigeyoshi Kodaira (2nd period, April 1947, 4-February 12, 1955)
  • Kiichi Ogawa (1st period, February 1955, 2-February 5, 1959)
  • Nobuo Yokokawa (4th period, February 1959, 2-December 5, 1974)
  • Funada Joe(3rd period, December 1974, 12-December 8, 1984)
  • Fumio Watanabe(4rd period, December 1984, 12-December 9, 2000)
  • Akio Fukuda(1rd period, December 2000, 12-December 9, 2004)
  • Tomiichi Fukuda(Fourth term, December 4, 2004-current position)

finance

Heisei 19 year
Heisei 18 year
  • Fiscal strength index 0.58
    • I Group (Financial Power Index 0.5 or higher) 16nd out of 8 municipalities
Heisei 17 year
  • Fiscal strength index 0.53
    • I Group (Financial Power Index 0.5 or higher) 10nd out of 9 municipalities
Heisei 16 year
  • Fiscal strength index 0.49
    • II Group (Financial Power Index 0.4 or more, less than 0.5) 10th among 1 municipalities

National politics

House of Representatives OfSmall districtIs 5.House of CouncilorsThen, 1 ward is constructed in all prefectures.

Economic and industrial

2008The prefectural total product of (20) is 7 billion yen.[33].. country'sGDPIt has a larger scale than the majority of countries. Main industries are Utsunomiya CityKamimikawa Town,Oyama City,Otawara City,Moka,Tochigi City,Ashikaga,Kanuma City,YaitaInland modern industry represented byNorth Kanto Industrial AreaForm part of Besides,Agriculture:It is also a flourishing area, and it is an industrial area that uses the abundant water of the rivers flowing from the north of the prefecture.NasushiobaraOtawara City and Utsunomiya City are among the leading rice-producing regions in Japan, and in Nasushiobara CitydairyIs also popular, domesticRaw milkProduction isHokkaidoNext highest. In addition, mainly in Moka City and Kanuma CityStrawberryIs cultivated actively in Mibu Town and Kanuma CityKanpyoIt is also a specialty product of the prefecture.CommercialIs flourishing in Utsunomiya city, Tochigi prefectureAnnual product salesAbout half of this is occupied by Utsunomiya City, making it the first commercial city in Tochigi Prefecture. The tourism industry is thriving, and the history and natural heritage of Nikko City, Nasushiobara City, and Ashikaga City (Nikko shrine,Ashio Copper MineTrace,Ashikaga schoolTrace,Lake Chuzenji,Kegon Falls,Kinugawa Onsen,Nasu mountain,Nasu plateau,Shiobara OnsenEtc.) of Utsunomiya CityGyoza,Cocktails,jazz,Motegi OfTwin Ring Motegi, Tochigi city's warehouses are also a tourist resource.

Prefectural officeUtsunomiya CityIs one of the best rice producing areas in the country, and accounts for about half of the annual product sales in Tochigi Prefecture, and the amount of industrial production is the largest in Tochigi Prefecture, making it the largest agricultural, commercial and industrial city in Tochigi Prefecture.

Primary industry

Agriculture and forestry

As for Kanpyo, Tochigi Prefecture produces 99% and the rest isIbarakiIs producing.

Fishing industry

Agricultural output

According to statistical data released in 2008
Agricultural output of the top 20 municipalities in Tochigi prefecture (Source
1NasushiobaraXNUM X billion
2Otawara CityXNUM X billion
3Utsunomiya CityXNUM X billion
4Nasu TownXNUM X billion
5Oyama CityXNUM X billion
6Kanuma CityXNUM X billion
7NikkoXNUM X billion
8Nasu KarasuyamaXNUM X billion
9Sakura CityXNUM X billion
10Ninomiya townXNUM X billion
11MokaXNUM X billion
12Haga TownXNUM X billion
13ShimotsukeXNUM X billion
14Takanezawa TownXNUM X billion
15Sano CityXNUM X billion
16Tochigi CityXNUM X billion
17AshikagaXNUM X billion
18Kamimikawa TownXNUM X billion
19Mibu TownXNUM X billion
20IchikaiXNUM X billion

Secondary industry

Industrial

Mining

Manufactured product shipment value, etc.

The top 2010 municipalities in Tochigi prefecture based on statistical data released in 20
Amount of manufactured goods shipped in 2008 (Source), major companies
1Utsunomiya City1 billion yenMatsushita Electric Industrial (current:Panasonic),Canon,Fuji Heavy Industries,Sumitomo Bakelite,Chugai Pharmaceutical,
Hisamitsu Pharmaceutical,Japanese tobacco industry,DuPont,Calsonic Harrison,MannyLtd.
2Kamimikawa TownXNUM X billionNissan Motor
3Oyama CityXNUM X billionKomatsu,Fujitsu
4Otawara CityXNUM X billionToshiba,Fujitsu,Nikon
5MokaXNUM X billionHonda Motor Co., Ltd.,Kobe Steel Works,Panasonic Electric Works Housing Equipment
6Ohira TownXNUM X billionHitachi Appliance,Isuzu
7AshikagaXNUM X billion
8Kanuma CityXNUM X billionKansai paint,Toshiba Lighting & Technology,Nakanishi
9YaitaXNUM X billionsharp
10NasushiobaraXNUM X billionBridgestone
11Sano CityXNUM X billion
12NikkoXNUM X billionFurukawa Electric,Nippon Kodo,GlaxoSmithKline
13Tochigi CityXNUM X billion
14ShimotsukeXNUM X billion
15Sakura CityXNUM X billion
16Haga TownXNUM X billionHonda R&D Laboratories
17Nogi TownXNUM X billion
18Mibu TownXNUM X billion
19IchikaiXNUM X billion
20Takanezawa TownXNUM X billion

Tertiary industry

Commercial

Tourism

Commercial annual product sales

According to statistical data released in 2010
Top 20 municipalities in Tochigi prefectureCommercial annual product sales(Source
1Utsunomiya City2 billion yen
2Oyama CityXNUM X billion
3AshikagaXNUM X billion
4Sano CityXNUM X billion
5NasushiobaraXNUM X billion
6Kanuma CityXNUM X billion
7Tochigi CityXNUM X billion
8MokaXNUM X billion
9Otawara CityXNUM X billion
10NikkoXNUM X billion
11ShimotsukeXNUM X billion
12Mibu TownXNUM X billion
13Kamimikawa TownXNUM X billion
14Sakura CityXNUM X billion
15YaitaXNUM X billion
16Ohira TownXNUM X billion
17Haga TownXNUM X billion
18Takanezawa TownXNUM X billion
19Iwafune TownXNUM X billion
20Nasu TownXNUM X billion

Major large-scale commercial facilities

Tochigi companies

Major companies with headquarters in Tochigi Prefecture

Major companies that have entered Tochigi Prefecture

Life and transportation

Policemen

Transportation

To the north and south of almost the center of Tochigi PrefectureTokyoTohoku regionJR connectingTohoku Shinkansen, JRUtsunomiya Line(Tohoku Main Line),Tohoku Expressway,National Route 4Runs north to south. In addition, the line extends radially to various places in Tochigi Prefecture, centering on Utsunomiya. The main routes to each direction based on Utsunomiya are as follows.

In addition to this, the line connecting east and west is in the southern part of the prefectureIbaraki,GunmaConnect both prefecturesNorth Kanto ExpresswayAnd JRRyomo Line, JRMito Line,National Route 50Such. In the northern part of the prefecture,National Route 400and so on. In the north-south direction, in the eastern part of the prefectureNational Route 294Such. In the western part of the prefecture, a railway line that runs directly from TokyoTobu Nikko,Tobu Kinugawa Line,Noiwa Railway Aizu Kinugawa LineRuns.

There is no airport in Tochigi Prefecture. The nearest airports are Narita International Airport (Narita City, Chiba Prefecture) and Tokyo International Airport (Tokyo).

Highway

General national road

Main prefectural road/general prefectural road

Railway line

Main route bus

Medical and welfare

Disaster base hospital
Nursery

Education

University-Junior college
College of technology
Vocational school
Special school
high school
Junior high school
primary school
Kindergarten

Mass media

News (Chinese)

TV station

Broadcast target areaKanto wide areaBelong to. TochigiPrefectural broadcast OfTochigi TV-NHK Utsunomiya Broadcasting StationIn addition to the,NHK Broadcast Center(Education tv)WhenKey station in Tokyo5 stations (Nippon TV-TV Asahi-TBS-Television Tokyo Channel 12, Ltd.-Fuji Television Network, Inc) Is the broadcasting area throughout Tochigi prefecture. In the Kanto Plain south of the central part of the prefectureBroadcast target areaoutsideNHK TokyoGeneral TV(JOAK-DTV) is a guide to the reception area[37].. In addition to Tochigi TV, NHK and key stations have relay stations all over Tochigi prefecture.

Radio stations

JRNOf seriesTBS Radio, NRN seriesNippon Cultural Broadcasting, Inc.-Nippon Broadcasting System, Inc.Is also a target area for broadcasting.

1994(6), Tochigi CityTochigi community broadcastingHave been issued a license (JOZZ3AA-FM: FM warehouse town), but due to financial problems, the license was withdrawn,Community broadcastingNo stations until October 2015[Detailed information for identifying documents]The state has continued for nearly 20 years, there is no momentum for new broadcasting, and it was the only prefecture in the country with no community broadcasting "Blank prefecture", 2015(27)1/27,Tochigi Cable Television (Operated by Cable Television Co., Ltd.)Operated by Chigi City FM (JOZZ3CB-FM) reserve license[38]Was issued and community broadcasting is expected to open in Tochigi Prefecture.

Culture/Sport

There are more than 120 golf courses in Tochigi Prefecture, and domestic tours were conducted in various places until the Heisei Era. Although the golf boom has ended, many other prefectures come to Tochigi City and Sano City, which are close to the city center as a popular sport for the elderly. Many golf courses in Tochigi Prefecture are mountain courses, and there are changes unlike the riverbeds and flat courses in the Kanto Plain. It is attractive in terms of price and you can enjoy playing in nature.

dialect

Food culture:

local cuisine
Food/Processed food/Cooking

Traditional crafts

Traditional crafts designated by the Minister of Economy, Trade and Industry
Traditional crafts

traditional culture

Folk song

Sports

Yuruchara/Local character

mascot-Local character

Tourism

world Heritage

National treasure (building)

  • Nikko Toshogu Shrine(Nikko City)-Main hall, stone hall and front hall, front and back Karamon, Tozai Toro Fence, Yomei Gate, East-West Corridor
  • Rinnoji Temple(Nikko City)-Main hall of the Mausoleum of the Great Hall
  • Gionji Temple(Ashikaga City)-

National treasure (arts and crafts)

Important intangible folk cultural property (designated by the country)

National important cultural properties, etc.

Prefecture designated cultural property

nature Park

History

Museums

  • Tochigi Prefectural Museum -Collect, store, exhibit, and conduct research on Tochigi Prefecture's history, folklore, arts and crafts, and natural history materials. Located in Tochigi Central Park. The secretariat of the Tochigi Prefectural Museum Association, to which Tochigi Prefecture museums and art galleries belong, is set up.
  • Tochigi Prefectural Museum of Art - Claude Monet"Coast of Saint-Adres",Sumio Kawakami"Early summer breeze"
  • Utsunomiya Museum of Art - Rene Magritte"Large family" ofMarc Chagall"Still life" etc.
  • Kurita Museum of Art - Imari ware-Nabeshima wareSpecialized in porcelain. One of the world's largest museums of ceramics.
  • Sumio Kawakami Museum -Sumio KawakamiPrintworks
  • Nasu War Museum, Glass Art Emile Galle Museum, Rindo Lake Gallery, Nasu Music Box Museum, Nasu Classic Car Museum, Nasu Torikku Art Pia, Nasu History Exploration Museum, Konoha Fossil Garden, Nasunogahara Museum, Nogi Shrine Treasure Museum , Otawara City Nasu Yoichi Traditional Museum, Otahara City Kurobane Basho no Yakata, Nakagawa Town Nasu Fudoki no Oka Museum, Otawara City Fureai no Oka Nature Observation Museum, Tochigi Prefecture Nakagawa Water Amusement Park, Yamagata Aritomo Memorial Museum, Yaita City Folklore Museum, Wake Memorial Museum, Sakura City Museum-Arai Hirokata Memorial Museum-, Otawara City Nasudoki no Oka Yutsugami Museum, Nakagawacho Mato Hiroshige Museum, Ueno Memorial Museum, Tochigi Prefectural Archives, Tochigi Children's Science Museum, Kawashima Museum, Hagacho General Information Museum (Wisdom Ring Museum), Ohata Samurai Museum, Ichigai Municipal History and Folklore Museum, Honda Collection Hall, Masuko Ceramics Museum / Ceramics Messe Masuko, Hamada Shoji Memorial Masuko Reference Museum, Wagner Nandor Art Gallery , Ninomiya Takanori Museum, Nikko Doll Museum, Nikko Takehisa Yumeji Museum, Konishi Art and Design Co., Ltd. Attached Urushi Museum, Kosugi Hosho Memorial Nikko Museum, Nikko Nature Museum, Nikko City History and Folklore Museum, Street Town Central Park, Kanuma Awano History and Folklore Museum, Mibu Town Toy Museum, Mibu Town History and Folklore Museum, Tochigi City Toga History and Folklore Museum, Tochigizo Town Museum, Adachi Kokokan, Tsukada History Legend Museum, Shimono National Government Office Ruins Museum,Tochigi Doll Float Hall, Tochigi City Local Reference Museum, Kokugakuin University Tochigi Gakuen Reference Museum, Tochigi City Ohira History and Folklore Museum, Tochigi Flower Center, Tochigi City Fujioka History and Folklore Museum, Shimono City Shimotsuki Fudoki no Oka Museum, Koyama City Museum, Sano City Yoshizawa Memorial Museum, Koyama Municipal Car Shop Museum, Sano Tochigi Museum, Sano Municipal Folk Museum, Ashikaga Municipal Museum of Art, Kaamezo Jinnokan, Kurita Museum of Art, Hasegawa Numatai Museum of Art

hot spring

Fruit picking

Theme parks and amusement parks

Foreign relations

Works set in Tochigi Prefecture

Novel
Detective Novel
  • Woman disappeared in Izu Nanadaru (Kyotaro Nishimura): Nikko
  • Nikko Kinugawa murder route (Kyotaro Nishimura): Nikko
  • Honeymoon Murder Case (Kyotaro Nishimura): Utsunomiya City/Utsunomiya Station
  • Nikko Murder Case (Yasuo Uchida): Nikko
Song
movies
TV drama
Manga anime
ゲーム
Variety
  • (Tochigi Dochamon: Tochibotaru/Gangurou)

person

Tochigi Honorary citizens

The title of Tochigi Honorary Citizens is based on the Tochigi Honorary Citizens Ordinance (December 2001, 13 Tochigi Prefecture Ordinance No. 12) established on December 27, 13. Is given to those who have the outstanding achievements of the prefecture and who are respected and respected by the citizens of the prefecture (Article 12 of the Ordinance)[40].. The target person is "a person who lived in or lived in Tochigi Prefecture and contributed to the development of industrial economy, improvement of health and medical care, promotion of welfare or promotion of academic, cultural or sports", and Governor of Tochigi Prefecture Is stipulated to be selected with the consent of the Tochigi Prefectural Assembly (Ordinance Article 2)[40].. Those who are selected as honorary citizens will receive the honorary citizenship title of Tochigi Prefecture and commemorative items (Article 3 of the Ordinance).[40].

Gift numberName of winnerOccupationSelection dateRemarksSource
1Tatsuzo ShimaokaPotter 2002Human national treasure[41]
2Toru Funamura作曲家 2014Japan Music Copyright AssociationHonorary chairman·Order of CultureAward[42]
3Sadao WatanabeSaxophoneplayer 2014"California Shower" etc.[43]

footnote

[How to use footnotes]
  1. ^ Sakabe Noriyoshi, "Ogigigatachi Journal", 1877, Tochigicho, Shueido [1]
  2. ^ Eigoro Tsuchiya, edited by "Fukugata Jurisdiction", 1872, Eigoro Tsuchiya [2]
  3. ^ 杤縣, "Overview of 杤木縣 Overview", 1874, Tochigi Town, 杤木縣 [3]
  4. ^ 杤木縣, "杤木縣治一一载表", 1876, Tochigi Town, 杤木縣 [4]
  5. ^ Tochigi Prefecture, "Tochigi Koji Osamu", 1881, Utsunomiya Town [5]
  6. ^ Tochigi Hatsuga, "Meiji saga 1892th Regular Hatsune Diary", XNUMX, Utsunomiya Town [6]
  7. ^ Edited by Kazuya Funahashi, "Ryomo Bunko Tochigi Tsumaki Tochigi Magazine", Table of Contents, 1904, Ryomo Bunko Headquarters [7]
  8. ^ Kanto regionThe number of thunder days in each region and the number of thunder days in summer areTokyoOf the 11 days, about 9 days in summer,YokohamaOf the 12 days, about 8 days in summer,GunmaMaebashiAbout 19.0 days in summer out of 18 days a year,Saitama(I.e.About 19.3 days in summer out of 17 days a year,IbarakiMitoAbout 16.0 days a year is about 13 days in summer, and the number of days of thunder in summer is increasing at any point.
  9. ^ Senjogahara weather
  10. ^ Sumiro Hashimoto "Akebono Tochigi" Akira Abe, Sumiro Hashimoto, Takaaki Senda, Hiroyoshi Otake "History of Tochigi Prefecture" Yamakawa Publishing Co., Ltd. 1998 pages 11-12
  11. ^ Quarterly, Tohoku Gakuin, No.2008, 15, "Excavation of the remains of the Takahara Mountain obsidian source" P27-45, Sadakatsu Kunitake
  12. ^ Takahara Obsidian Original Sites Details (From Yaita City website)
  13. ^ April 2007, 04 Asahi.com News
  14. ^ February 2008, 2 Sankei News
  15. ^ February 2009, 2 Sankei News
  16. ^ February 2009 Tochigi TV News
  17. ^ Tochigi TV Video News
  18. ^ Sumiro Hashimoto "Akebono Tochigi" Akira Abe, Sumiro Hashimoto, Takaaki Senda, Hiroyoshi Otake "History of Tochigi Prefecture" Yamakawa Publishing 1998 page 14
  19. ^ a b Takemitsu Makoto"Map of Japan for the citizens of the prefecture"文藝 春秋<Bunharu Shinsho>, 2001, p.78.ISBN 4-16-660166-0.
  20. ^ Koichi MoriAuthor "Excavation of Tumulus"Chuko Shinsho(65) (Chuokoronsha 1965(Published in April, 40) Page 4, “I have seen many burial mounds including the Emperor's Mausoleum, but when I was asked to choose one of the most beautiful burial mounds, Shimodarazuka I will answer."
  21. ^ Sumiro Hashimoto "Ancient Shimono" Akira Abe, Sumiro Hashimoto, Takaaki Senda, Hiroyoshi Otake "History of Tochigi Prefecture" Yamakawa Publishing Co., Ltd. 1998 pages 6-57
  22. ^ Heike storyby.
  23. ^ According to a company biography.
  24. ^ Kamakura PrefectureOfficial record of the governmentAzuma mirrorby.
  25. ^ Shizuo HanawaWritten "Tochigi Shrine Walk" (Shimotsuke newspaper companyIssue)ISBN-4 88286-210-7.
  26. ^ Takemitsu Makoto"Map of Japan for the citizens of the prefecture"文藝 春秋<Bunharu Shinsho>, 2001, p.79-80.ISBN 4-16-660166-0.
  27. ^ The following population estimates are based on "Japanese Encyclopedia of History 4" (Shogakukan 2001).
  28. ^ Exactly 560,020 to 342,260 in Shimonoguni
  29. ^ Similarly, the total population is 24,534,195 to 27,063,910.
  30. ^ Mutsukuni is from 1,962,839 to 1,690,509
  31. ^ In the same way, the population of neighboring Hitachi country also decreased significantly, and in the late Edo period,North KantoShows that it was a particularly exhausted area
  32. ^ Tetsuya Fujiwara (June 2015, 6). “A prefectural office and other events at “Citizen's Day””. Tokyo Newspaper (Chunichi Shimbun)
  33. ^ Tochigi Prefecture Economic Calculation
  34. ^ Latest version of Geography of Japan 5 "Kanto region" 15 pages
  35. ^ Tochigi Fisheries Research Station
  36. ^ Tochigi Fisheries Experimental Station: Tochigi Fisheries
  37. ^ Terrestrial digital TV broadcasting area (Kanto wide area Tokyo parent station).Researched by the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications July 2020, 7.
  38. ^ Preliminary license for community broadcasting station in Tochigi City, Tochigi Prefecture(Kanto Bureau of Communications, Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications) 20151/28Confirmation)
  39. ^ Tochigi symbol (Tochigi Prefectural Office)
  40. ^ a b c Okinawa Prefecture Honorary Citizens Ordinance -Okinawa prefecture, browsed on July 2019, 7.
  41. ^ Person "after the Meiji era" Tatsuzo Shimaoka -Tochigi Prefecture, browsed July 2019, 7.
  42. ^ Toru Funamura, a person "after the Meiji period" -Tochigi Prefecture, browsed July 2019, 7.
  43. ^ Person "after the Meiji era" Sadao Watanabe -Tochigi Prefecture, browsed July 2019, 7.

Related item

外部 リンク

Administration
Tourism
Predecessor:
Mibu prefecture-Fukiage prefecture-Sano-
Ashikaga prefecture-Nikko(Shimono country
Tatebayashi(Ueno country
Utsunomiya
Changes in administrative districts
1871 -
Next generation:
-----
Gunma(Ueno country)

 

 

[You can easily write your impressions using Twitter! ]
 
Just press the button below and write after "Impression of the article:" and tweet! In that case, please do not delete the input from the beginning, please put a space after the impression so that sentences will not be connected to the URL.
 
The official account of PORTALFIELD News will spread (follow, like, retweet) your impressions. After tweeting, you are free to spread or delete it yourself, so feel free to send us your thoughts! Thank you for your cooperation.
You can see the impression tweet to this article sent to Twitter.
Back to Top