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🧳 | JR East operates all night on 12 routes in the Greater Tokyo area during the year-end and New Year holidays


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JR East operates all night on 12 routes in the Greater Tokyo area during the year-end and New Year holidays

 
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All-night operation is carried out on the Yamanote Line, Keihin Tohoku / Negishi Line, Chuo (Rapid) Line, Chuo / Sobu (Local trains), Ome Line, Saikyo Line, Takasaki Line, Utsunomiya Line / Shonan Shinjuku Line, Yokosuka Line. , Joban (local train) line, Sobu main line, Negishi line.
 

JR East will operate all night on 12 routes in the Tokyo metropolitan area from December 31st to January 2021st, 1.All night ... → Continue reading

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Sobu Main Line

Sobu Main Line(Sobuhonsen)TokyoChiyoda Ward OfTokyo StationからChibaChoshi OfIsogo StationTieEast Japan Railway(JR East)Railway line(Main line).In addition, TokyoSumida-ku OfKinshicho StationBranch atOchanomizu StationBranch line leading to (so-called Sobu line),Koiwa Station(Shinkoiwa Signal Station) Branch fromKanamachi Stationand,Etchujima Freight StationHas a freight branch line leading to.Mainly for passenger information on trains and stationsChiba StationThe section from Choshi Station is called by this name (Later).

In addition, "Railway handbookIn the basic business plan of JR, it is between Kinshicho Station and Ochanomizu Station, but it is still between Tokyo Station and Ochanomizu Station, which was the starting point before the opening of Kinshicho Station.0 kilometer postExists.

Overview

TokyoExtends east from the city center ofBed townIsChibaIt is the prefectural capital of each city in the west and the prefecture.Government-designated cityIs千葉At the easternmost point of the prefectureChoshiIt is a route leading to.TokyoConnecting various parts of northeastern Chiba prefectureLimited express trainOperates between Tokyo Station and Choshi Station, and also from the city centerNarita International AirportLimited express to access "Narita ExpressIs going through this line.

Chiba StationTo the westTrain specific sectionThe fare is cheaper than outside the section.this houseKinshicho Station --Between Chiba StationLocal trainTrain runsSobu LineWhen,rapid trainAnd limited express trains runSobu Rapid LineAre in parallelDouble track by trackIt has become.This section is "Sobu LineWhen it is called "Sobu Main Line", the limited express train is between Tokyo Station and Choshi Station, and the local train is between Chiba Station-Naruto Station-Yokaichiba Station-Choshi Station. This is also the case with the route guidance on the site.[2]..However, it is not always unified, and the route network map in the carDeparture mark, In some cases, such as station timetables, the area east of Chiba Station is also referred to as the "Sobu Line".[3]..In addition, in the railway handbook, "Sobu LineIt has become.

Except for freight branch linesPassenger business rules"" In the metropolitan suburbs section defined byTokyo suburbs",andICBoarding card"SuicaIs included in the metropolitan area.Used for route guidance east of Chiba StationLine colorAs黄色(■) Is used.

History

本節では、千葉県内の鉄道施設運動前後から総武鉄道設立、路線開業及び国有化以降の総武本線全体の沿革について記述する。

back ground

1872(Meiji5 years)Japan's first railway Shimbashi Station --Yokohama Station (currentSakuragicho Station) Open between, then 1884(Meiji 17)Japan RailwayCompanyUeno Station- Takasaki Station間 にPrivate railwayIn the latter half of the 10's of the Meiji era, a nationwide private railway construction boom broke out in response to the opening of the railway and good business results.Momentum for laying railways has increased in Chiba Prefecture, but initially from the financial aspectCarriage trainThere were many plans[4][5].

Early railroad laying movement

In Chiba prefecture 1886From around (Meiji 19)steam locomotiveThe railway construction movement was started by 1887(Meiji 20) In MaySaharaIno Gonnosuke et al.Takeso Railway CompanyWhen,成東 OfRimin YasuiWoke upSoshu Railway CompanyApplied for the establishment one after another.However, at that time, the performance of conventional water transportation was highly evaluated, andTone CanalHe was the governor of Chiba prefecture because he had just decided to excavate.Funakoshi MamoruBecame cautious about laying railroads.Funakoshi has urged both parties to change their plans and merge, but Soshu Railway has not responded.Governor of Tokyo(Takasaki XNUMX) Formally applied for railway construction[6]..In response to this, Funakoshi was forced to take the Takeso Railway as the governor of Chiba Prefecture.CabinetI made progress to, but "Tone-EdoIn addition to the convenient water transportation of both rivers, the situation in this region has not developed enough to require the construction of railroads. "[4][5].

Planned route applied for in November 1887 (Meiji 20)[5]
Takeso Railway Co., Ltd .: Headquarters --Ichikawa --Funabashi --Chiba --Sakura --Narita --Sahara
Soshu Railway Co., Ltd .: Headquarters --Ichikawa --Funabashi --Chiba --Sakura --Yachimata --Shibayama --Yokaichi --Choshi

Sobu Railway

From the above experience, the founders of both companies who realized the disadvantage of the petition discussed the merger and added influential people such as the chairman of the prefectural assembly who was a shareholder of Tonegawa Water Transport to the founders. 1889(Meiji 22) In MaySobu Railway Co., Ltd.Was founded.The company name isKazusa(Kazusa no Kuni) ・Shimosa(Shimosa no Kuni) andMusashi countryIt is associated with connecting.Sobu Railway applied for a re-application in February of the following year.In the application at this time, while avoiding competition with the Tone CanalarmyTo get the support ofKounodai-Tsudanuma-SakuraAdopted the following routes through military camps such as, and stated "military transportation and transportation to government settlements" as its mission.[4][5].

 Planned route applied for in November 1889 (Meiji 22)[5]
Sobu Railway Co., Ltd .: Headquarters --Ichikawa --Funabashi --Chiba --Sakura --Yachimata

According to the aim of Sobu Railway, "it passes through the army camp and is convenient for military personnel."Ministry of ArmyWas the decisive factor, and a provisional diploma was issued in April 1889 (Meiji 22), and a license between Koiwa and Sakura was issued in December of the same year.However, due to some changes in the plan, construction work will start. 1893(Meiji 26) August[4][5]..It was promulgated in 1892 (Meiji 25).Railway laying methodso"TokyoShimo Ueno YoriChibaunder千葉,SakuraWoChoshiNitoru Railway and Main Line Yori Branch SiteKisarazuThe "Nijiru Railway" has been designated as a railway to be built in the future.Around this time, various railway attraction campaigns began to take place in each of the candidate sites for the route.In addition, the discourse that the movement against railways was carried out in various places in Chiba prefecture (Funabashi, Chiba, Sakura, Shibayama, Iioka, Mobara, Nagareyama, etc.) may be taken up in the history of municipalities and elementary school supplementary readers. There is nothing in the record to support these, justRailroad repellent legendTo be[7][8].

On July 1894, 27 (Meiji 7), the section between Ichikawa Station and Sakura Station opened, making it the first railway in Chiba Prefecture.Immediately after August 20, in both Japan and ChinaDeclaration of warWas done and immediatelySino-Japanese warIt was used to transport troops in.On December 12, the same yearEdogawaWe reached the main office (currently Kinshicho).Sobu Railway 1897(Meiji 30) It was extended to Naruto on May 5st and to Choshi on June 1st of the same year.Sakura StationでNarita RailwayAlso realize contact with[4][5][7][8].

The extension from Ryogoku Bridge to the city center 1899(Meiji 33) Honjo-License between Akihabara[Note 1]In 1904 (Meiji 37), it was extended to Ryogoku Bridge (currently Ryogoku), and this became the terminal on the city center side.[4]..Passengers using Ryogokubashi Station were already openTram(LaterToden).At that time, cargo was handled in both countries, and from hereSumida RiverGoods were carried to the city of Tokyo by using such boat transportation.

1907 (Meiji 40),Railway National LawAcquired and nationalized bySobu Main LineBecame[9].

Modernization and war

With the opening of the railway, the expansion of residential areas along the Sobu Main Line began gradually from both countries toward the east.Also in 1912 (TaishoKeisei Electric Railway (currently), the first section of which opened in the first year)Keisei Electric Railway) And Tokyo-Funabashi-Chiba began to compete for intercity transportation, and although it was a little late from the Tokaido Main Line, efforts to modernize the Sobu Main Line began.[9]..However, on September 1923, 12 (Taisho 9)Great Kanto EarthquakeでBoth countriesThere was also a disaster that caused many casualties in the surrounding area.A freight branch line that connects to the Joban Line in 1926 (Taisho 15) while a reconstruction plan was being made.New gold wire), 1929 (ShowaIn 4th year), a branch line to Onagigawa Station near Tokyo Wangan (later)Etchujima branch line) Was opened, and the separation of passengers and freight was promoted.

Extension to the city center was promoted in the wake of the earthquake disaster reconstruction[Note 2] , 1932 (Showa 7) On July 7, the section between Ochanomizu Station and Ryogoku Station was extended, and train operation began in the same section.[8][9]..As a result, the Sobu Main Line came to connect with other JNR lines in central Tokyo.After that, the electrified section was extended to Ichikawa in March 1933 and to Funabashi Station in September of the same year.Chuo Main LineNakano StationIt came to carry out direct operation as a slow train until[9].. In 1935 (Showa 10), electrification to Chiba Station was completed.Since then, the Sobu Main Line has been on the west side of Ochanomizu Station, where commuter trains are frequently operated in areas where residential areas are widespread, and Choshi Station, which connects rural areas and fishing villages with steam locomotive-towed passenger trains. The character was divided into two on the east side.

Second World WarThe final stage of 1945 (Showa 20)3/10, By the U.S. military along the lineIndiscriminate bombing,Tokyo air raidWas carried out, about 10 people died overnight, and many victims were evacuated to stations such as Ryogoku, Kinshicho, and Kameido.Also, the U.S. militaryKujukuri beachThe Japanese invasion operation is predicted to land in Japan, and the Japanese armyMainland decisive battlePrepared forFinal strategyA large amount of military transportation was carried out on the Sobu Main Line, but on August 8, the same year, JapanPotsdam DeclarationAnnouncing acceptance, large-scale battles along the line were avoided.

Postwar improvements

The environment where the Sobu Main Line was located immediately after the end of the war was poor due to overuse during the war, a flood of shoppers due to food shortages, and a shortage of materials.InitiallyGHQDid not approve the JNR's rolling stock improvement budget, but it is said that the official who inspected the wooden passenger car on the Sobu Main Line at Ryogoku Station and was astonished at the rags immediately admitted it.[8].

After that, due to the rapid increase in the population of the Tokyo metropolitan area due to the reconstruction of the affected areas and the rapid economic growth, the transportation situation on the Sobu Main Line became tight, with double-track electrification west of Chiba and single-track non-electrification east of Chiba.BosoDirectionNational railwayRailway line 1953Selected as a "Diesel train model line section" in (Showa 28)Kiha 17 seriesIs concentrated[8]Although some modernization has progressed, the progress of electrification has progressed. 1968Until (43), it was only Ochanomizu Station on the Sobu Main Line-Chiba Station, and other lines were non-electrified.In the Chiba / Boso areaLocomotiveNot towedElectric train"IsCentral slow lineSobu Line National Railway (stops at each station from Ochanomizu Station to Chiba Station) and private railwaysKeisei Electric RailwayOnly the routes of, other than thatsteam locomotive,Diesel locomotiveIt was an area where electrification was delayed even in Kanto.Therefore, it was newly launchedJapan National Railway(JNR) was decided in 1964 (Showa 39)Commuting five-sided strategyAs an important part of the Sobu Line, we have begun to increase the transportation capacity of the Sobu Line.At the core of this, it was decided to construct a rapid line between Tokyo and Chiba, including the construction of a new line between Tokyo and Kinshicho, which will be the first full-scale urban subway road of the Japanese National Railways.

一方、千葉駅以東の近代化も徐々に進み、通勤路線としての性格が強まり、1968年(昭和43年)3月28日に総武本線・成田線の千葉駅 - 佐倉駅 - 成田駅間の電化が[Newspaper 1],same year7/13に千葉駅 - 木更津駅間の電化がそれぞれ完成、同区間に電車が走れるようになり、Timetable revision on October 10, the same yearFrom the Chuo Line中始発で成田駅・木更津駅へ毎日1時間に1 - 2本程度101系電車を使用した電車快速が、また、御茶ノ水駅 - 千葉駅間では夜間下り2本の気動車快速列車が運行を開始した[10](なお、1975年(昭和40年)3月10日のダイヤ改正では千葉駅 - 銚子駅間にも快速列車が運行された。101系使用の電車快速以外の詳細はLater).

1972(Showa 47) In July, the Sobu Rapid Line opened due to the completion of the underground tunnel section of Tokyo Station-Kinshicho Station and the double-track line to Tsudanuma Station.[11]..As a result, the starting point was changed from Ochanomizu Station to Tokyo Station, and the newly established limited express train to Boso departed from the underground platform of Tokyo Station.On the other hand, Ryogoku Station, which has been a terminal connecting Tokyo and east of Chiba since the Sobu Railway era, has greatly diminished its importance, although the arrival and departure of express trains remained. In 1974 (Showa 49), the electrification to Choshi Station was completed, and the direct train limited express from Tokyo "ShiosaiThe service has started[11]..After that, in 1980 (Showa 55), direct operation with the Yokosuka Line (SM separation) Was started, and in 1981 (Showa 56), the double-track section was extended to Chiba Station, and the original plan was completed.As a result, transportation by JNR was speeded up, and JNR had an advantage over Keisei Electric Railway in intercity transportation between Tokyo-Funabashi and Chiba.Also, in 1969 (Showa 44)Corporation subway(CurrentTokyo subway)東西 線Was boarded between Nishi-Funabashi Station and Tsudanuma Station, and the burden on the Sobu Main Line (Chuo / Sobu Line) was greatly reduced, especially for commuting.Furthermore, after many twists and turns, in 1978 (Showa 53), New Tokyo International Airport (currently)Narita International Airport) Opened, the Sobu Main Line and Narita Line became railway access routes that complement Keisei Electric Railway.In addition, in making multiple tracksLaw Concerning Special Financial Measures for National Development around Narita International Airport(Narita Property Special Law) is applied to raise subsidies[12]..In this situation 1987(Showa 62)Privatization of the national railway divisionOn the Sobu Main Line, facility ownership and passenger transportation were succeeded to JR East, and freight transportation was succeeded to JR Freight.However, as the transportation of fresh fish and soy sauce from the Choshi fishing port was switched to trucks and the freight line at Choshi Station-Araoi Station was abolished, the freight transportation volume on the Sobu Main Line was decreasing.

Events before privatization

JNR Chiba Railway Administration Bureau, which has jurisdiction over most of the Sobu Main Line (after privatizationJR East Chiba Branch) Opposes division and privatizationNational Railway Chiba Motive Vehicle Labor UnionThe power of (Chiba Motive) is strong, 1985(60)11/29Opposition to the division and privatization carried out by Chiba MotivestrikeSupport this in case ofNational Committee of the Revolutionary Communist AllianceBy (core faction)Simultaneous national train guerrilla incidentThere has occurred.In particular, Asakusabashi Station was destroyed and set on fire by a core group of about 120 people, including JNR staff.Even after the division and privatization, Chiba Motive continued to confront JR East, and train operations were stopped every year due to strikes, especially east of Chiba Station.

Development after privatization

JR East, which inherited the Sobu Main Line, continued to improve the Sobu Main Line and proceeded with the installation of ATS-P.Also, initially planned on the freight lineKeiyo LineWas converted to a passenger business, and in 1986 (61) following the opening of the first section in 1 (Showa 1990) at the end of the Japanese National Railways.HeiseiIn 2 years), we realized the entry to Tokyo Station.Uchibo Line-Sotobo LineMost of the regular limited express trains and some of the rapid trains moved from the Sobu Main Line (Rapid Line) to the Keiyo Line, and there was a transfer of passengers, which helped alleviate the overcrowding of the Sobu Main Line (Rapid Line).

In 1991Narita ShinkansenDiverted the facility ofNarita AirportRailroad access to the passenger terminal has been realized, and on the Sobu Main Line (and Narita Line), the airport shuttle express "Narita ExpressHas become more important as an access route since the operation of[13]..However, since 1985East Kanto ExpresswayBy stretchingExpress Bus(Kashima,Inuho, Tone Liner,Aso,Tokyo-Yokaichiba Line) Will be expanded, the number of limited express trains other than "Narita Express" such as "Shiosai" will be reduced and some sections will be converted to regular trains, and the Sobu Main Line (and Narita Line)Kashima Line) Is Tokyo and northeastern Chiba prefectureIbarakiIt became clear that it was inferior in intercity transportation connecting the southeastern part.

2000 (Heisei 12)Transportation Policy Council Report No. 18Then, as a route that should be developed by 2015Shin Urayasu(Keiyo Line)- Funabashi - TsudanumaConstruction of a new line between Funabashi and Tsudanuma was proposed.The Sobu Main Line train from Chiba will board the new line from Tsudanuma, and from Shin-Urayasu to Tokyo Station via the Keiyo Line, or this will also be the maintenance target for 3Shinjuku-MitakaIt is supposed to go to the extension line in the direction.In addition, construction between Shin-Kiba and Shin-Urayasu (double track) and from Shin-KibaTokyo Seaside High Speed ​​Rail(Rinkai line) Although the entry was specified, the operating company JR East has not yet officially announced this construction plan.

Chronological Table

本線と貨物支線(越中島支線・新金線)のそれぞれの路線開業から各駅の開業や複線化及び路線施設関連などの使用開始年月日について記述する。

Main line

Describe the branch line between Kinshicho Station and Ochanomizu Station, which was originally the main line.

  • 1894(27th year of Meiji)
    • 7/20: Sobu Railway Ichikawa Station-Sakura Station opened[4][14]..Ichikawa Station, Chiba Station, Funabashi Station, Sakura Station open.
    • 12/9: Honjo Station (currently Kinshicho Station) -Ichikawa Station is extended and opened.Makuhari Station / Yotsukaido Station (currently Yotsukaido Station) opens[4][14].
  • 1895(28th year of Meiji)
  • 1897(30th year of Meiji)
    • 5/1: Sakura Station-Naruto Station extended opening[4]..Yachimata Station and Naruto Station open.
    • 6/1: Naruto Station-Choshi Station extended opening[4]..Yokoshiba Station, Yokaichiba Station, Asahicho Station (currently Asahi Station), Iioka Station, Matsugishi Station, and Choshi Station are open.
  • 1898(31th year of Meiji)
    • 1/25: Saruda Station opens[4].
    • 2/25: Matsuo Station and Higata Station open[4].
  • 1899(32th year of Meiji)
  • 1904(37th year of Meiji)
    • 3/29: Kameido Station opens[4].
    • 4/5: Ryogokubashi Station (currently Ryogoku) -Opening of extension between Honjo Station.Opened on the same dayTobu RailwayKameido LineStarts boarding between Ryogokubashi Station and Kameido Station[4].
  • 1907(40th year of Meiji)
    • 8/29: Ryogokubashi Station-Double track between Kameido Station[9].
    • 9/1: Acquired and nationalized by the Railway Nationalization Act[9].
    • 11/1: Yotsukaido Station is renamed to Yotsukaido Station.
  • 1908(41th year of Meiji)
    • 6/17: Hirai Station-Koiwama Station, Ichikawa Station-Funabashi Station, Inage Station-Chiba Station[9].
    • 7/17: Funabashi Station-Tsudanuma Station is double tracked[9].
    • 9/15: Kameido Station-Hirai Station, Tsudanuma Station-Inage Station are double tracked[9].
    • 10/14: Koiwa Station-Double track between Ichikawa Station[9].
  • 1909(Meiji 42) June 10 National Railway Track NameBy enactment,Sobu Main Linebecome[9].
  • 1910(43th year of Meiji)3/27: Ryogokubashi Station on the Tobu-Kameido Line-Abolished direct operation between Kameido Station[9].
  • 1911(44th year of Meiji)3/4: Yotsukaido Station-Monoi Signal Station opens between Sakura Station[9].
  • 1912(Taisho 11st year) November 1st Chiba Station-Tsuga Signal Station opens between Yotsukaido Station[9].
  • 1914(Taisho 3)9/10: Minami-Shisui Station opens[9].
  • 1915(Taisho 4)
    • May 5: Honjo Station renamed Kinshicho Station[9].
    • September 9: Nakayama Station renamed Shimosa Nakayama Station[9].
  • 1922(Taisho 11)4/1: Signal station renamed to signal box.
  • 1926(Taisho 15)
    • 2/14: Shin-Koiwa signal field opens between Hirai Station and Koiwa Station[9].
    • 7/1: Shin-Koiwa signal field changed to Shin-Koiwa marshalling yard[9].
  • 1928(3)7/10: Shin-Koiwa marshalling yard changed to a station, Shin-Koiwa station opened[9].
  • 1931(6)10/1: Ryogoku Bridge Station renamed to Ryogoku Station[9].
  • 1932(7)
    • 3/15: The Ministry of Railways Electricity Planning Committee decides to electrify between Ryogoku Station and Ichikawa Station.The total construction cost is 291 million yen, a train line is newly established between Ryogoku Station and Kameido Station, a garage is newly established at Ichikawa Station, a substation is newly established at Kameido Station, and the electric power is a private substation.TEPCOIt was a plan to use the purchase of electricity from.In the draft plan, the driving time was about 20 minutes, two cars were operated in normal times, and four cars were operated during rush hour, both of which were operated every four minutes.In addition, the construction will be completed by the end of March of the following year, and the operation will start from April 2.[15].
    • July 7: Ochanomizu Station-Ryogoku Station is extended and opened (double track, passenger business only).Start of train operation in the same section[9].
    • 12/27: Ministry of Railways decides to electrify between Ichikawa Station and Funabashi Station.Budget is 50 yen[16].
  • 1933(8)
    • 3/15: Ryogoku Station-Ichikawa Station is electrified[9]..The train was operated between Ochanomizu Station and Ichikawa Station with two third-class cars connected at 2-minute intervals (10-minute rush hour intervals).The train did not stop in the same section[17]..In addition, a specific fare system was implemented as with the provincial trains.[18].
    • September 9: Ichikawa Station-Funabashi Station is electrified.Started direct operation as a slow train to Nakano Station on the Chuo Line[9]..16 round-trip gasoline cars between Ichikawa Station and Chiba Station were increased to 30 round-trips between Funabashi Station and Chiba Station.The trains between Funabashi Station and Chiba Station operated every 20 minutes, and trains beyond Chiba ran non-stop between Ryogoku Station and Chiba Station.[19]
  • 1935(10)
    • July 7: Funabashi Station-Chiba Station is electrified[20].
    • September 9: Motoyawata Station opens[9].
  • 1937(Showa 12) April 4: Monoi signal box was changed to a station, and Monoi station opened.
  • 1942(Showa 17) October 10: Nishi-Chiba Station opens[9].
  • 1951(26)7/15: Shin-Kemigawa Station opens[11].
  • 1958(33)
    • April 4: Enokido Station opens[11].
    • 11/10: Nishi-Funabashi Station opens[11].
  • 1959(34) October 10: Asahicho Station was renamed Asahi Station.
  • 1960(35) June 6: Kurahashi Station opens[11].
  • 1963(Showa 38) April 4: Chiba Station moved 28 km closer to Nishi-Chiba to eliminate switchback on the Boso East Line (current Sotobo Line)[11].
  • 1964(Showa 39) October 10: Iigura Station opens[11].
  • 1965(40)
    • 9/30: Chiba Station-Double track between Yotsukaido StationAutomatic signaling[11]..The Tsuga signal box was changed to a temporary boarding area and the Tsuga temporary boarding area was opened.
    • 12/20: Higashi Chiba Station opens[11].
  • 1966(41)9/25: Yotsukaido Station-Double track and automatic signal between Monoi Station[11].
  • 1967(42)12/21 --Temporary New Tokyo International Airport Ministerial Council Decision "About New Tokyo International Airport Related Business Plan”, It is said that the development of double-tracking between Tokyo and Chiba will be promoted by the time the Narita Airport is put into service (scheduled for 1971).
  • 1968(43)
    • February 2: Double-tracking and automatic signaling between Monoi Station and Sakura Station (at the same time, automatic signaling between Sakura Station and Narita Station on the Narita Line)[11].
    • 3/28: Chiba Station-Sakura Station is electrified (At the same time, Narita Line Sakura Station-Narita Station is also electrified)[11][Newspaper 1]..Tsuga temporary boarding area was changed to a station, and Tsuga station opened.
    • June 6: Shin-Koiwa Station opens after separating cargo handling and marshalling yard operations from Shin-Koiwa Station.
  • 1971(46)7/5: Kameido Station-Shin-Koiwa Station has 3 lines.
  • 1972(47)
    • February 3:Rear-end collision in Funabashi station.
    • 6/4: Shin-Koiwa Station-Tsudanuma Station has multiple tracks.
    • July 7: Tokyo Station-Kinshicho Station opened (double track, passenger business only).The starting point of the Sobu Main Line has been changed to Tokyo Station, and the section between Kinshicho Station and Ochanomizu Station has been separated as a branch line.Kinshicho Station-Kameido Station has multiple tracks.15 lines between Kameido Station and Shin-Koiwa Station[11].
  • 1974(49)
    • 2/2: Automatic signal between Sakura Station and Choshi Station.
    • March 3: Between Chiba Station and Choshi Station Central train control device Introduced by (CTC)[11].
    • October 10: Ryogoku Station-Freight business between Shin-Koiwa Station is abolished.
    • 10/26: Sakura Station-Choshi Station is electrified, and the main line is electrified[11].
  • 1978(53)3/17: Started aviation fuel transportation (provisional transportation) to Narita Airport[21].
  • 1979(54)7/9: Shin-Kemigawa Station-Chiba Station is elevated[22].
  • 1980(55)11/28: Black sand signal field opens between Inage Station and Nishi-Chiba Station.
  • 1981(56)
    • July 7: Tsudanuma Station-Shin-Kemigawa Station is double tracked[13].
    • October 10: Higashi-Funabashi Station and Makuharihongo Station open[13].
  • 1983(58) August: Temporary transportation ended due to the start of full-scale pipeline operation at Narita Airport.
  • 1986(61) November 11: Naruto Station-Choshi Station freight business abolished.Shin-Koiwa station is abolished and changed to Shin-Koiwa marshalling yard[13].
  • 1987(62)
    • 3/31: Shin-Koiwa marshalling yard was changed to a freight station, and Shin-Koiwa marshalling yard opened.
    • April 4: Taken over to East Japan Railway Company due to JNR division and privatization.Japan Freight Railway becomes a second-class railway operator between Shin-Koiwa Station and Naruto Station[13].
  • 1990(2)3/25: Started using ATS-P between Ochanomizu Station and Chiba Station (slow line).
  • 1993(5)
    • 10/24: Start using ATS-P between Kinshicho Station and Ichikawa Station[13].
    • 10/31: Started using ATS-P between Ichikawa Station and Chiba Station[13].
  • 1994(6)10/28: Started using ATS-P between Chiba Station and Sakura Station[13].
  • 1997(9)3/22: Naruto Station-All regular trains between Choshi Station are non-smoking[23].
  • 1999(11)
  • 2000(12) September 9: ATOS is introduced between Tokyo Station and Makuhari Station.
  • 2001(13)2/4: Started using ATS-P between Sakura Station and Naruto Station[13].
  • 2004(16)2/29: Tokyo Station-Kinshicho Station changed from ATC to ATS-P[13][24].
  • 2005(17)12/10: Limited express from the relationship of replacing 183 series and 189 seriesE257 series 500 seriesWas put in and started operation.
  • 2006(18)10/21: 211 series 3000 series started operation.
  • 2009(21)
    • 3/14: Naruto Station-between Choshi StationTokyo suburbsBuilt into the IC card "Suica"Start of the service[Press 1].
    • October 10: Due to reasons such as the deterioration of the 1 series, a 113-door car between Chiba Station-Naruto Station-Choshi Station209 series2000s and 2100s start operation[Press 2]
    • 10/4: Started using ATS-P between Naruto Station and Choshi Station.
  • 2010(22)3/12: The luggage train was abolished at the end of this day.
  • 2011(23)3/12: Shin-Koiwa Station is renamed to Shin-Koiwa Signal Station.

Etchujima branch line

  • 1929(4)3/20: Kameido Station-Onagigawa Station opened[9].
  • 1958(33)11/10: Onagigawa Station-Etchujima Station (currently Etchujima Freight Station) is extended and opened[11].
  • 1966(41)10/1: Automatic signal for all lines.
  • 1971(46)7/5: The starting point is changed to Shin-Koiwa Station.
  • 1984(59)2/1: Onagigawa Station-The operation method between Etchujima Station (currently Etchujima Freight Station) has been changed to a shunting method.
  • 1986(61)11/1: The starting point will be changed to Koiwa Station due to the abolition of Shin-Koiwa Station.[13].
  • 1987(62)4/1: Taken over to East Japan Railway Company due to JNR division and privatization.Japan Freight Railway becomes a second-class railway company[13].
  • 1990(2)3/10: The name of Etchujima Station was changed to Etchujima Freight Station to distinguish it from Etchujima Station on the Keiyo Line.[13].
  • 2000(12)12/2: Onagigawa station is abolished[13].
  • 2001(13)3/1: Transferred from Chiba General Command Office to Tokyo General Command Office.
  • 2011(23)3/12: Shin-Koiwa Station is renamed to Shin-Koiwa Signal Station.

New gold wire

  • 1926(Taisho 15)7/1: Shin-Koiwa marshalling yard-Kanamachi station opened[9].
  • 1928(3)7/10: Shin-Koiwa marshalling yard changed to Shin-Koiwa station.
  • 1964(39)
    • 9/25: Electrified on all lines.
    • 10/1: Automatic signal for all lines.
  • 1986(61)11/1: The starting point will be changed to Koiwa Station due to the abolition of Shin-Koiwa Station.[13].
  • 1987(62)4/1: Taken over to East Japan Railway Company due to JNR division and privatization.Japan Freight Railway becomes a second-class railway company[13].
  • 2001(13)3/1: Transferred from Chiba General Command Office to Tokyo General Command Office.
  • 2011(23)3/12: Shin-Koiwa Station is renamed to Shin-Koiwa Signal Station.

Freight branch line

Operation form

総武本線を運行する列車の形態を、成田線・外房線・内房線直通列車及び途中区間から乗り入れる列車も含め記述する。

Honor train

総武本線を運行するHonor trainとして、下記のLimited express trainIs being driven.See the article for each train for details.

Regional transportation

Between Tokyo Station and Ochanomizu Station-Chiba Station

Sobu Main Line (train specific section) stop table

Train specific sectionIsTokyo Station-Ochanomizu Station - Chiba StationBetween 1972(Showa 47) A rapid train that runs on a rapid line via Tokyo Station, divided into a rapid line and a slow line due to the double-tracking (XNUMX).Sobu Rapid Line, "Yokosuka / Sobu Line Rapid") and local trains running on the slow line via Ochanomizu Station (stops at each stationSobu Line, The guide is divided into two systems ("Chuo / Sobu Line stops at each station"). 1981Since Kinshicho Station-Chiba Station was completely double-tracked in (56), both tracks, vehicles, andDiamondAre also independent of each other.

Rapid trains run underground at Tokyo Station-Kinshicho Station, south of Tokyo StationTokaido Main Line(Shinagawa Station-Musashi-Kosugi Station-Tsurumi Station is commonly known asShinazuru Line) ViaYokosuka LineIn addition to direct operation (called "Yokosuka Line" including the section of the Tokaido Main Line in passenger information etc.), east of Chiba Station including the Sobu Main Line (Sobu Main Line, Narita Line, Kashima Line) South (south)Sotobo Line-Uchibo LineThere is also a train that goes directly to).

Stop at each station operated by the yellow belt train, take the branch line from Kinshicho Station to Ochanomizu Station, and from that stationChuo Main Line OfMitaka Station(Part of the nightMusashikoganei Station-Tachikawa Station), But there is no setting for access to the south and east of Chiba Station.Also on weekday mornings and eveningsNishi-Funabashi StationでTokyo subway(Tokyo Metro)東西 線From the slow lineTsudanuma StationThere is also a train that goes into.In the futureHome doorWith the installation implementation 20203/14Scheduled timetable revision[25][26]Therefore, the Chuo Line will abolish the operation of local trains departing from and arriving at Tokyo Station, and only express trains such as Rapid Service and Special Rapid Service will be operated all day. The station turnaround and direct trains to Musashi Koganei will be abolished, and all trains will only be operated directly to Chiba Station-via Ochanomizu Station-Mitaka Station.

Between Chiba Station and Choshi Station

In the east of Chiba Station, there are three types: normal, rapid, and commuting rapid.Regular trains run into Chiba Station except for the section trains between Asahi Station-Choshi Station and (Narita Station-) Matsugishi Station-Choshi Station, but do not run west of Chiba Station in the direction of Tokyo.

On the other hand, as for rapid and commuting rapid trains, all regular trains except one going up board the rapid line west of Chiba Station (mostly the Yokosuka line).Rapid and commuting rapid trains are beyond Sakura StationNarita LineMost of the trains depart and arrive at Narita Station / Narita Airport Station and Sakura Station[Note 3]So, the only trains that run on this line beyond Sakura Station are one rapid train departing from Naruto in the morning, and the train bound for Naruto / Naruto at night and its return (normal train between Sakura Station and Naruto Station). ..

Between Chiba Station-Sakura Station and Matsugishi Station-Choshi Station, via Narita Line, Sawara Station and Katori StationKashima LineDeparting from Kashima Jingu Station or between Sakura Station and Matsugishi Station via the Narita Line[Note 4]There are also trains that run.

The hourly number of trains operated during the day is summarized below (as of the revision on March 1, 2020).However, there will be one rapid train during some hours, and instead one local train will be operated between Chiba Station and Narita Station on the Narita Line.

Type\Station name...千葉...Sakura...成東...松岸Choshi
Number of trains in servicefast2 本→Narita Line Narita Airport
Local train1 本
1 本
Narita Narita Line←1 本

The regular trains between Chiba Station and Choshi Station are all operated with a maximum of 8 cars, including trains via the Narita Line.

Overnight detentionFor convenience, trains between Asahi Station and Choshi Station and trains departing from and arriving at Yokoshiba Station are also available.Regarding departures and arrivals at Yokoshiba Station, only the first train was handled until March 2010, 3, and the arrival was a deadhead train.

Freight transportation

Freight trainKanamachi Station - Shinkoiwa Signal Station - Sakura StationOperates between.However, there are no regular freight trains that depart and arrive at stations on the Sobu Main Line. As of the revision in March 2014,Tokaido Freight LineTokyo Freight Terminal StationandMusashino LineKoshigaya Freight Terminal StationからKashima Rinkai Railway Kashima Rinko LineKamisu StationHead toHigh speed freight trainJoban Line, one round trip eachSumidagawa StationからKeiyo coastal railwayChiba Freight Station1 round trip high-speed freight train to Tokaido Freight LineKawasaki Freight StationFrom to Chiba Freight StationDedicated freight trainOne round trip goes through the Sobu Main Line[27]..Dedicated freight trainContainer carIn addition,Hopper car,Tank carMay be combined.

Until the full-scale pipeline to Narita Airport went into operationAviation fuelTheChiba PortThe train that transports from to the airport was via the Sobu Line (provisional transportation)[21].

Shin-Koiwa Signal Station- Etchujima Freight StationRegular freight trains are not in operation during that time, but temporary freight trains for rail transportation are operated three round trips except Sunday.[28].

Past trains

この節では、過去に総武本線全線及び成田線・鹿島線・外房線・内房線へ直通した列車を記述する。

特急・急行・準急

特急列車は2004年10月まで「すいごう」が、2015年3月までは「あやめ」が運行されていた。また、1991年より「成田エクスプレス」が運行開始されるが、外房線直通の「WakashioAnd "" directly connected to the Uchibo LineSazanamiWas also operated via this line (Sobu Rapid Line), but after thatKeiyo Line Kaihin Makuhari-Soga StationIt became via.

急行・準急列車は、北総3線(総武・成田・鹿島線)は「犬吠」・「水郷」・「鹿島」・「京葉」・「総武」などが、房総方面は「内房(うち房)」・「外房(そと房)」、房総半島1周列車として「なぎさ」(内房線回り)・「みさき」(外房線回り)などが運行された。

fast

この節では、1972年(昭和47年)7月15日以前の御茶ノ水駅 - 千葉駅間と、千葉駅 - 銚子駅間にそれぞれ運行されていた列車について記述する。

御茶ノ水駅 - 千葉駅間

1968年10月1日のダイヤ改正から御茶ノ水駅 - 千葉駅で夜間下り2本のみ設定された気動車快速。新宿駅まで到着した上り急行「そと房」8号(安房鴨川駅発新宿駅行き)と、急行「犬吠」4号(銚子駅発新宿駅行き)・「水郷」5号(佐原駅発新宿駅行き)[Note 5]の千葉気動車区への回送列車を客扱いしたもので、当時としては画期的な発想だった[10]。途中停車駅は、秋葉原駅・両国駅・船橋駅で、運行ダイヤは御茶ノ水駅20:07発→千葉駅21:01着(2251D)と、御茶ノ水駅20:36発→千葉駅21:30着(2259D)であった[10][29]。快速列車なので当然特別料金は不要、そのためか1971年10月12日付けの交通新聞の「好評の回送利用快速気動車」「毎日満席のモテぶり」と題した乗車ルポには、「車両の間合いによっては、キハ28形などの冷房車が充当され、急行列車なので座席もボックス形でゆっくりと座って帰れるので国電と比べると天国」なとど利用客には大変好評であったことが記事に記載された[10]。この列車は当時1年間限定の運転予定が、1972年7月15日の複々線化の前日まで運転された[10]..Also, this trainHome linerThis idea was revived at "Home Liner Omiya" on the Tohoku Line in 1984.[29].

Between Chiba Station and Choshi Station

1975年3月10日のダイヤ改正で千葉駅 - 銚子駅間に1日1往復設定された快速。朝に上り、夜に下りが運転され、当初の停車駅は千葉駅・四街道駅・佐倉駅・八街駅・成東駅・松尾駅・横芝駅・八日市場駅・旭駅・飯岡駅・松岸駅・銚子駅だったが、1978年10月2日のダイヤ改正で都賀駅・干潟駅が停車駅に追加され、1981年10月1日のダイヤ改正で普通に格下げされる形で廃止された。

Luggage train

道路事情の悪い千葉駅以東・以南の沿線への夕刊新聞輸送のためのLuggage train。両国駅 - 千葉駅間は回送扱いで、両国駅で新聞を積み込み、千葉駅に到着後各方面行きの列車に併結されて分かれていく、特異な列車であった[29]。非電化時代はキユニ11・キユニ19が使用され、房総西線(現・内房線)が部分電化された後はSpider Hayu 74 type-Spider Uni 74 type 100 seriesも使用、北総3線(総武・成田・鹿島線)が電化されるまで、気動車と電車が同時に運行された時期[Note 6]There was also[29][30]。最盛期には荷物列車単独の4両編成で運行したこともあったが、電車は基本的に幕張電車区(現・幕張車両センター)出区から同区の千葉ローカル運用の113系に併結して運転されていた[29][31]。1986年11月1日に国鉄の郵便・荷物輸送が基本的に廃止されることとなったが、外房線・内房線の新聞荷物輸送は道路事情の関係により存続されることとなり、Spider Uni 143が幕張電車区に転属し充当、電車区から2両編成で両国駅まで回送され、夕刊新聞を積み込んだ後、折り返して千葉駅まで回送、同駅で1両ずつ内房線・外房線の113系6両編成の普通列車(両者とも安房鴨川行き)の後部に連結されて、各駅に夕刊新聞を配布していき、終着駅到着後は、回送列車ながらそれぞれ先頭車となって帰区する運用であった[32]。1996年12月1日のダイヤ改正で、合理化のため房総地区への専用車両による輸送は廃止となり、それ以降は113系4両編成×2本を併結し、上り方各1両を荷物扱いとすることで対処、なお、この列車は2010年3月12日まで運行された[33]。また、列車の運行開始以降から113系の荷物扱い列車に至るまで、夕刊の休刊日は運休となっていた[29][32].

Vehicle used

Currently used vehicle

AllElectric trainIt is driven by.

Limited express train

Ordinary / rapid train

  • E217 series(Belonging to Kamakura Vehicle Center)
    • Kurihama Station --Tokyo Station --Narita Airport Station, Kashima Jingu Station, Naruto Station will be operated in 11-car or 15-car trains as rapid and commuting rapid trains. For 15 cars, Yokosuka LineZushi StationIn the south, 4 cars near Kurihama are at Zushi StationIncrease and decreaseWill be done.The first train from Naruto Station in the morning is an 11-car train, departing from and arriving at Naruto Station at night.Kashima Jingu StationArrival and departure and arrivalKashima LineThe return train operates in a 4-car train.
  • E235 series 1000 series
    • 総武快速線直通列車用で、2020å¹´12月21日より千葉駅 - 成田空港駅・鹿島神宮駅・成東駅間で運行開始[34].
  • 209 series 2000 series, 2100 series(Belonging to Makuhari Depot Center)
    • Since 2009, it has been operated as a normal 4-, 6-, 8-car train between Chiba Station and Choshi Station.
  • E231 series 0 series / 500 series(Belonging to Mitaka Vehicle Center)
    • Ochanomizu --Kinshicho --Funabashi --Tsudanuma --Local trains between Chiba (Sobu Line), It operates in a 10-car train.

Vehicles used in the past

  • Baggage train (Ryogoku station-Chiba station is treated as a deadhead)[29]
    • Electric train
    • Railcar
      • Kiuni 11
      • Kiuni 19

Along line

Here is an overview of the Sobu Main Line tracks and along the lines.[35][36].

Between Tokyo Station and Ochanomizu Station-Chiba Station

Rapid lineIs the starting point of the sideTokyo StationThen, it's inside the Marunouchi area from the ground station 1972Departs and arrives at the completed Sobu underground platform, south of the stationYokosuka Line(Tokaido Main LineUnderground line) It has a structure that allows direct communication with the railroad track.When you leave the stationTokyoProceed northeast through the basement of the city centerShinnihonbashi StationからBakurocho StationTo the vicinityNational Route 6Pass directly under.Between both stationsTokyo Metro Hibiya LineKodenmacho StationHowever, there is no station on the Sobu Rapid Line.After passing Bakurocho Station, head east andSumida RiverGo under and go to the ground near Ryogoku station.

on the other hand,Slow linePerforms direct operationChuo Main LineConnection station withOchanomizu StationFrom there, head east on the elevated.Chuo Main Line (Chuo Line Rapid) When you leave the station between the upper and lower lines, you will be separated from the Chuo Main Line.Kanda RiverCross the Tohoku Main Line (Yamanote Line-Keihin Tohoku Line-Ueno Tokyo Line) At the intersectionAkihabara StationWhat.continueShuto Expressway No. 1 Ueno LineWhen you cross the city and proceed through the city, you will reach the intersection with Route 6.Asakusabashi StationThere is.And cross the Sumida RiverShuto Expressway No. 6 Mukaijima LineAfter passing throughRyogoku KokugikanandTokyo Metropolitan Edo-Tokyo MuseumNearest stationRyogoku StationTo.In addition to the slow line platform, there is a train platform connected to the rapid line at the station, but it is not currently used for regular trains.

From Ryogoku Station, take the fast line and the slow lineMultiple linesThe section begins, and there are endless densely populated residential areas along the line to Chiba Station.Also on the sea side (south side)National Route 14(Keiyo RoadGeneral road section) is parallel.It is the first connecting station between the slow and fast lines.Kinshicho StationHas a detention line for the Rapid Line and Yokosuka Line trains, andTokyo Sky TreeIt is located in the south of.When you leave Kinshicho Station, the single-track Sobu Main Line branch line (from the sea side (south side))Etchujima Freight Line) Approaching, on the slow lineKameido Station..Departs from the stationTobu Kameido LineMoves away to the inland side (north side), and at the same time, when the Echinakajima freight line crosses the main line and becomes 5 lines in parallel to the north side, it leaves National Route 14 and curves and changes its course to the northeast.Kyunaka RiverWhen you crossHirai Station, ThenShuto Expressway Central Loop LineGo throughArakawa-中When you cross the rapid stopShinkoiwa StationLeading to.

After passing Shin-Koiwa Station, on the freight line on the leftShinkoiwa Signal StationThe track group spreads.Ring seven streetAfter passing through the signal box, the Sobu Main Line branch line (Shinkin Freight Line) Divides to the inland side, and the freight line also joins the rapid line.Shinnaka RiverCross theKoiwa StationAfter passing, turn right and go straight to the east-southeast.Route 14 again on the inland side (Chiba Highway), And sandwich itKeisei Main LineIn parallel,EdogawaWhen you crossTokyoからChibaIt is the first station in the prefecture and is also a rapid stop.Ichikawa StationLeading to.

After passing Ichikawa Station, the track continues straight for a while, and 120 trains run on the rapid line. km / h(Limited express is 130 km / h) Drive at maximum speed.National Route 298When straddling, the slow lineToei Subway Shinjuku LineConnect withMotoyawata Station, ThenShimosa Nakayama StationFrom the sea sideTokyo Metro Tozai LineWhen approachesMusashino Line-Keiyo LineLocated at the intersection withNishi-Funabashi StationTo.Operate directly with the Metro Tozai LineToyo ExpresswayIt is a major station that also connects, but the Sobu Rapid Line does not stop.After passing Nishi-Funabashi Station, the short-circuit line from the Tozai Line joins the slow line and changes course to the east.Route 14 and Keisei Main Line move to the sea side, then from the inland sideTobu Noda LineWhen appears, the rapid stop stationFunabashi Station..On the south exit sidePedestrian deck,rotaryOn the Keisei Main LineKeisei Funabashi StationThere is.Once the line approaches the Sobu Main Line, it curves to the right and leaves to the sea side.Higashi-Funabashi StationAfter passing, head southeast this time.National Route 296(Narita Kaido), The depot of the slow line from the sea side, oldNarashino train wardWhen the service line from is merged, the rapid stop stationTsudanuma StationTo.The station is one of the operating bases near the depot on both the slow and fast lines, and is located in the vicinity.Chiba Institute of TechnologyAndShin-Keisei Line OfShin-Tsudanuma StationIs located.

When you leave Tsudanuma Station, you will pass through the Shin-Keusei Line, which draws an inverted S-shaped curve.Soon the Keisei Main Line will pass through the Sobu Main LineNaritaGo away in the direction.On the sea side insteadKeisei Chiba LineIs parallel to Chiba Station, and passes right next to the Sobu Main Line to Makuhari Station.After a whileChibaEnter, and between the upper and lower lines of the rapid line, the depotMakuhari Vehicle CenterSpreads.On the other hand, on the slow line next to itMakuhari Hongo StationThe Keisei Makuharihongo Station on the Keisei Chiba Line is on the same premises. There are few cases where the JR station and Keisei station are on the same premises.Go through the Keiyo Road (toll section) at the end of Makuharihongo Station, and it is the only railroad crossing between Tokyo and Chiba and the Chuo-Sobu Line.Hanatate railroad crossingAfter passing, the Makuhari Depot Center premises will end, and the Keisei Chiba Line will leave the slow line.Keisei Makuhari StationWhen you see offMakuhari Station..Developing in the central part of MakuhariMakuhari New CityA little far from.Change course to the eastShin-Kemigawa StationAfter passing, turn again and change course in the south-southeast directionEast Kanto ExpresswayGo through the rapid stopInage Station..Go straight furtherChiba UniversityOn the rapid line on the west side ofBlack sand signal fieldBut on the slow lineNishi-Chiba StationIs located.After passing Nishi-Chiba Station, the rapid line will be in the direction of Sobu Main Line Higashi-Chiba Station (Narita Line).Sotobo Line(・Uchibo Line) Branch into two in the direction.And it is a junction of each line in Chiba prefectureChiba StationTo.The slow line ends at this Chiba station.

Between Chiba Station and Choshi Station

Chiba Station has a Y-shaped structure located on the junction between the Sobu Main Line and the Sotobo Line.[Note 7]..The Sobu Main Line curves almost 90 degrees to the left from the station yard,Sakura StationUntilDouble trackAnd proceed to the northeast.When I left Chiba station and finished the curve, it was parallel to the right sideChiba City Monorail Line 2Go throughNational Route 126Before crossing withHigashi Chiba StationThere is.Continue straight through the condominiumsNational Route 16When the Monorail Line 2 snuggles up again from the northwest side, straddling the Keiyo RoadTsuga StationTo.After passing the stationGround Self-Defense Force Shimoshizu stationBeyond the west side of[Note 8]From Chiba CityYotsukaido-shiMove to and gently curve to the rightYotsukaido StationThere is.Around the stationPatriotic Academy UniversitySchools such as are lined up.Residential areas continued along the railway line so far, but after passing Yotsukaido Station, the railway line changed completely and the fields began to expand.When you pass through the Higashi Kanto ExpresswayMonoi StationAppear in.The area around the station is a field, but there is a residential area on the west side of the station.Go through the tunnel through the countryside[Note 9], Curve and turn eastward,Narita LineIt leads to Sakura Station, which is a branch station with.

総武本線はこの先終点の銚子駅まで単線となる。佐倉駅を出ると複線の成田線から分岐する形で単線となり第二高岡踏切まで2 kmIn parallel.National Route 51The Narita Line leaves to the north at the moment of passing the No. XNUMX Takaoka railroad crossing, and the Sobu Main Line runs through the thickets in the southeast on a single track.from hereNaruto StationUntilPrefectural Road 76In parallel with.The first station on the single track sectionMinami-Shisui StationIs located in a hilly valley, far from the city.When you leave the station, go through the Higashi Kanto Expressway and you will find yourself in the plains.Enokido Station-Yachimata StationWhat.YachimataShimosa PlateauIt can be said that it is resistant to earthquakes and floods because it is located above and the ground is hard and the altitude is high.Sanmu CityWhen you enter, proceed through the hills againHyuga StationPast,Ken-O ExpresswayIf you change your course to the east and go out to the plains, you will find the central city of Sammu City.Togane Lineが分岐する成東駅に至る[Note 10].

From Naruto Station, parallel to Route 126, southeastThe Pacific OceanFacingKujukuri beachProceed through the plains at the foot of the Shimosa Plateau, about 5 km away from the mountain, and aim for Choshi.When you leave Naruto Station and the Togane Line splits southward, turn left and head northeast.The countryside continues along the line,旭駅In the foreground, the direction of the track changes to the east.When you leave Asahi Station, Route 126 splits to the south, and you will reach Matsugishi Station, which is in front of Choshi Station, while curving between the hills.Of this sectionIioka Station - Kurahashi StationThere is one tunnel in between.Matsugishi StationWhen you join the Narita LineNational Route 356とTone RiverWhen you enter the city area along the line, the end point of the Sobu Main LineIsogo StationTo.At the same stationChoshi Electric Railway LineIs connected.

データ

Route data

  • Jurisdiction/route distance (Operating kilo): Total length 145.4 km(Including branch lines)
  • Gauge: 1067 mm
  • Number of stations: 49 (including starting and ending stations and Kanamachi station)
    • Passenger station: 46 (excluding Kanamachi station and Etchujima freight station)
      • Limited to passenger stations belonging to the Sobu Main Line, Tokyo Station belonging to the Tokaido Main Line, Akihabara Station belonging to the Tohoku Main Line, Ochanomizu Station belonging to the Chuo Main Line, and Kanamachi Station belonging to the Joban Line.[37]Will be 43 stations excluding.In addition, Etchujima Kamo Station, which is nominally a station with passengers but is actually dedicated to freight, is 44 stations when counted as a passenger station.
    • Freight station: 2 (including Etchujima freight station, excluding passenger stations)
  • Double track section:
    • Multiple lines :
      • Kinshicho Station-Chiba Station 34.4 km (Shin-Koiwa Signal Station-Kameido Station is parallel to the Echinakajima branch line, practically a 5-track section of multiple tracks and single track)
    • Double track :
      • Between Tokyo Station and Kinshicho Station 4.8 km
      • Kinshicho Station-Ochanomizu Station 4.3 km
      • Between Chiba Station and Sakura Station 16.1 km
    • Single line
      • Between Sakura Station and Choshi Station 65.2 km
      • Between Shin-Koiwa Signal Station and Kanamachi Station 6.6 km
      • Shin-Koiwa Signal Station-Etchujima Kamo Station 9.4 km
  • Electrificationsection
    • Shin-Koiwa Signal Station-Except between Etchujima Kamo StationDC electrification (1500 V)
  • Security device:
    • Between Tokyo Station and Choshi Station ATS-P
    • Between Ochanomizu Station and Chiba Station (slow line) ATS-P
    • Between Shin-Koiwa Signal Station and Kanamachi Station (Shin-Koiwa Line) ATS-SN
    • Shin-Koiwa Signal Station-Etchujima Kamo Station (Etchujima Branch Line) ATS-SN
  • maximum speed:
    • Between Tokyo Station and Kinshicho Station 100 km / h (90 km / h in the ATC era)
    • Kinshicho Station-Chiba Station Honorable Train 130 km / h, Regular Train 120 km / h
    • Between Chiba Station and Sakura Station 120 km / h
    • Between Sakura Station and Choshi Station 95 km / h
    • Between Ochanomizu Station and Chiba Station (slow line) 95 km / h
    • Between Shin-Koiwa Signal Station and Kanamachi Station (Shin-Koiwa Line) 95 km / h
    • Shin-Koiwa Signal Station-Etchujima Kamo Station (Etchujima Branch Line) 95 km / h
  • Operation command center :
    • Between Tokyo Station and Chiba Station Tokyo General Command Room
    • Between Chiba Station and Choshi Station Chiba General Command Room (between Chiba Station and Sakura Station: Narita Command ・CTC, Sakura Station-Choshi Station: Sobu Directive / CTC)
    • Between Ochanomizu Station and Chiba Station (slow line) Tokyo General Command Room
    • Between Shin-Koiwa Signal Station and Kanamachi Station (Shin-Koiwa Line) Tokyo General Command Office
    • Shin-Koiwa Signal Station-Etchujima Kamo Station (Etchujima Branch Line) Tokyo General Command Office
  • Train operation management system
  • Driving handling station (station controls signals and manages operation)
    • Sakura Station / Choshi Station
    • Shin-Koiwa Signal Station / Kanamachi Station / Etchujima Freight Station (Shin-Koiwa Line / Etchujima Branch Line)
  • Semi-operation handling station (station controls signal at the time of abnormality or shunting)
    • Tokyo Station, Kinshicho Station (including Ryogoku Station Rapid Line), Nishifunabashi Station, Tsudanuma Station, Makuhari Station, Naruto Station

Between Tokyo Station-Bakurocho Station, Akihabara Station-Ochanomizu Station, Shinkin Line Kanamachi Station is JR EastTokyo branch office, Other than that, the companyChiba branchBetween Bakurocho Station-Kinshicho Station, Asakusabashi Station-Akihabara Station, Shin-Koiwa Signal Station-Kanamachi StationBranch borderThere is.The Etchujima Freight Station on the Etchujima Branch Line belongs to the Chiba Branch, but the Tokyo Rail Center under the jurisdiction of the Tokyo Branch is located on the premises.

Station list

Between Tokyo Station and Ochanomizu Station-Chiba Station

Here, only the station names and the kilometers of major stations are listed.

() Indicates business kilometers from the starting point

Main line
Tokyo Station (0.0) - Shinnihonbashi Station - Bakurocho Station - Kinshicho Station (4.8) - Kameido Station - Hirai Station - Shinkoiwa Station - Koiwa Station (12.8) - Ichikawa Station - Motoyawata Station - Shimosa Nakayama Station - Nishi-Funabashi Station (20.6) - Funabashi Station - Higashi-Funabashi Station - Tsudanuma Station (26.7) - Makuhari Hongo Station - Makuhari Station - Shin-Kemigawa Station - Inage Station -(Black sand signal field)- Nishi-Chiba Station - Chiba Station (39.2)
Branch line (Kinshicho Station-Ochanomizu Station)
Kinshicho Station (0.0)- Ryogoku Station - Asakusabashi Station - Akihabara Station (3.4) - Ochanomizu Station (4.3)

Between Chiba Station and Choshi Station

  • Station numbering(Station number) isYokosuka/Sobu Rapid LineIt is assigned by the serial number from.
  • Stop station
    • Normal ... Stops at all stations
    • Rapid / commuting rapid ... ● ・ Stops at stations marked with ▲ (▲ indicates only going up toward Chiba), passing through stations marked with |
    • Limited express ... "Shiosai (train)"reference
    Higashi-Chiba Station, Yokosuka Sobu Rapid Line-Narita Line Narita Airport direct trains all trains pass.
  • Track… ∥: Double track section, ◇ ・ ◆ ・ |: Single track section (◇ isTrain exchangePossible, ◆ is train exchange possible "Safety side lineYes / Simultaneous entry possible "), ∨: Single track below this, ∧: End point (replaceable)
  • This section is all stationsChibaLocated in
Station numberstation nameBetween stations
Operating kilo
Tokyo
from
Operating kilo
fastRapid commuteConnection routelineLocation
OJ 28Chiba Station-39.2●●East Japan Railway : JO Sobu Line (Rapid)(Yokosuka LineKurihama StationDirect operation) ・JB Sobu Line (stop at each station)(JB 39) ・■Sotobo Line-■Uchibo Line[*1]
Chiba City Monorail : CM 1-CM 2 (CM03)
Keisei Electric Railway : KS Chiba Line ⇒Keisei Chiba Station (KS59)
∥ChibaChuo-ku
OJ 29Higashi Chiba Station0.940.1|| âˆ¥
OJ 30Tsuga Station3.343.4●●Chiba Urban Monorail:CM Line 2 (CM11)∥Wakaba ku
OJ 31Yotsukaido Station3.546.9●● âˆ¥Yotsukaido-shi
OJ 32Monoi Station4.251.1●| âˆ¥
OJ 33Sakura Station4.255.3●●East Japan Railway:■ JO Narita Line[*2]∨佐 倉 市
Minami-Shisui Station4.059.3|  â—†å° 旛 郡
Shisui Town
Enokido Station2.962.2|  â—†å…« 街市
Yachimata Station3.765.9▲  â—‡
Hyuga Station5.871.7|  â—‡Sanmu City
Naruto Station5.276.9▲ East Japan Railway:■Togane Line◇
Matsuo Station5.682.5   â—‡
Yokoshiba Station4.386.8   â—†Sanmu-gun
Yokoshiba Hikarimachi
Iigura Station3.890.6   |Sosa
Yokaichiba Station3.193.7   â—‡
Higata Station5.198.8   â—‡Asahi
旭駅4.8103.6   â—‡
Iioka Station2.7106.3   â—‡
Kurahashi Station2.9109.2   |
Saruda Station2.6111.8   â—‡Choshi
Matsugishi Station5.5117.3  East Japan Railway:■Narita Line[*2]◆
Isogo Station3.2120.5  Choshi Electric Railway : CD Choshi Electric Railway Line (CD01)∧

As of 2019, JR East's own total number of passengers[38]の除外対象となる駅(完全な無人駅)は、南酒々井駅・飯倉駅・倉橋駅・猿田駅である。

  1. ^ The official starting point of the Uchibo line is the Sotobo lineSoga StationBut the trainKeiyo LineGet on to Chiba Station except for direct trains
  2. ^ a b Trains on the Narita Line go from Sakura Station to Chiba Station, and from Matsugishi Station to Choshi Station.

Freight branch line

(Currency) represents a freight station.The section between Koiwa Station and Shin-Koiwa Signal Station overlaps with the main line. The numbers in parentheses are the business kilometers from the starting point.See each branch line article for details.

Etchujima branch line
Koiwa Station (0.0)- Shinkoiwa Signal Station (2.3) - (Currency)Onagigawa Station(8.6 abolished)-(Currency)Etchujima Freight Station (11.7)
Shinkin Freight Line
Koiwa Station (0.0) --Shin-Koiwa Signal Station (2.3)- Kanamachi Station (8.9)

Past connecting routes

Abolished section

Freight branch line
Choshi Station (0.0)-(Currency)Shinsei Station (0.8)

footnote

[How to use footnotes]

注 釈

  1. ^ Sobu RailwayJapan RailwayThe plan was to extend the route from Akihabara to Ueno from the policy of outsourcing vehicle repairs to.Yokoami Town (Both countries(Nearby) --The construction of the Akihabara section was until the completion of the Shimbashi-Ueno section.Honjo-The Ryogoku Bridge was planned to be an elevated line made of bricks similar to the Yamanote Line, but due to lack of funds, it was constructed by Plate Garter.
  2. ^ Around the planned extension site, which was scorched by the earthquake, land readjustment was carried out as a reconstruction project, making it easier to find the track site.The direct acquisition was done around Ryogoku Station and Ochanomizu Station, which require station expansion, and miraculously escaped burning.Kanda Sakuma TownAnd so on.
  3. ^ Several trains from Narita Station via Sawara Station and Katori StationKashima LineDeparture and arrival at Kashima Jingu Station
  4. ^ The number of operating kilometers is 13.4 km longer than that via the Sobu Main Line.
  5. ^ 「そと房」が新宿駅19:45着、「犬吠」と「水郷」が新宿駅20:00着。「犬吠」と「水郷」は佐倉駅から併結される。
  6. ^ その時期の気動車は2・3両編成で北総3線向けに、電車は2両編成で房総方面向けに運行された[29].
  7. ^ 1963ToHigashi Chiba StationBecause Chiba Station, which was in the position of, was moved to the current position.
  8. ^ MeijiからShowaIn the early days, from the vicinity of Shimoshizu station to Yotsukaido city and Sakura city area, the oldSakura clanThe predecessor of the artillery practice centerArmy Field Artillery SchoolAnd the predecessor of Shimoshizu CampShimoshizu Army Flight SchoolThere was an army facility such as.The predecessor Sobu Railway was built via these army camps with the intention of being used for military purposes.
  9. ^ 1970 eraToPrefectural Road 136Due to the improvement of the alignment that existed along the line, it became via a new line with a tunnel.
  10. ^ 快速線からの直通列車はこの成東駅が終点。

Source

  1. ^ a b c d "History of all railway lines JNR / JR" Vol. 26 Sobu Main Line / Narita Line / Kashima Line / Togane Line Page 5
  2. ^ Example:JR East: Station yard map (Chiba Station)-JR East: Station timetable(Chiba Station) --East Japan Railway Company
  3. ^ JR East route network map (PDF) -East Japan Railway
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u "History of all railway lines JNR / JR" Vol. 26 Sobu Main Line / Narita Line / Kashima Line / Togane Line Page 16
  5. ^ a b c d e f g Railway history of Chiba prefecture. Transportation Planning Division, Planning Department, Chiba Prefecture. (1980). Pp. 1-3,36 
  6. ^ "Chiba Prefecture Heimin Yasui Rinmin XNUMX people from Tokyo Yori Chiba Prefecture Choshi Port XNUMX to railroad laying contracts Chiba Prefecture Heimin Ino Gonnosuke XNUMX people from Tokyo Yori Sawara Town, Chiba Prefecture Chiba Sus". National Archives Digital Archive.National Archives of Japan. 2020/7/7Browse.
  7. ^ a b Sadao Shirato (1996). Chiba Railway XNUMXst CenturyChoi Shobo. Pp. 14-25 
  8. ^ a b c d e Sadao Shirato (2013). Chiba RailwaySairyusha. Pp. 18-21 
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab "History of all railway lines JNR / JR" Vol. 26 Sobu Main Line / Narita Line / Kashima Line / Togane Line Page 17
  10. ^ a b c d e 山田亮「横須賀線と総武快速線-通勤5方面作戦がもたらした異なる沿線文化同士の直通運転-」『鉄道ピクトリアル 【特集】横須賀・総武快速線』第68巻3号(通巻第943号)、電気車研究会、2018年3月、 17頁。
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r "History of all railway lines JNR / JR" Vol. 26 Sobu Main Line / Narita Line / Kashima Line / Togane Line Page 18
  12. ^ "Narita International Airport Area Development Plan (PDF)”(December 2014). 2017/3/6Browse.
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q "History of all railway lines JNR / JR" Vol. 26 Sobu Main Line / Narita Line / Kashima Line / Togane Line Page 19
  14. ^ a b "Railway Bureau Annual Report. Meiji 27"(National Diet Library Digital Collection)
  15. ^ “Electrification between Ryogoku and Ichikawa”. Yomiuri Shimbun evening edition: p. 2. (September 1932, 3) 
  16. ^ “Electrical settlement between Ichikawa and Funabashi tomorrow's construction start area”. Yomiuri Shimbun morning edition: p. 2. (September 1932, 12) 
  17. ^ "Train between Ryogoku and Ichikawa". Tokyo Nichi Nichi Shimbun morning edition. Osaka Mainichi Shimbun (20330): p. 11. (March 1933, 3) 
  18. ^ "Train transportation near Ryogoku and Ichikawa". Asahi Shimbun morning edition: p. 7. (September 1933, 2) 
  19. ^ "Extension of power saving from the XNUMXth to Nakano and Tokyo Express Train Funabashi Gasoline car between Chiba Funabashi". Asahi Shimbun morning edition: p. 3. (September 1933, 9) 
  20. ^ "Annual Report of Ministry of Railways. Showa 10"(National Diet Library Modern Digital Library)
  21. ^ a b Kazuhisa Haraguchi (2002). Narita That yearChoi Shobo. P. 92 
  22. ^ Sadao Shirato, 1979, "Shin-Kemigawa-Chiba elevated line completed", "Railway pictorial』Volume 29 No. 10 (Volume 366),Electric Vehicle Study Group, April 1979 p. 10
  23. ^ “No smoking / separation of smoke in ordinary trains”. Traffic newspaper (Kotsu Shimbunsha): p. 3. (July 1997, 3) 
  24. ^ "Security device, ATS-P". Traffic newspaper (Kotsu Shimbunsha): p. 1. (July 2004, 3) 
  25. ^ “About the March 2020 timetable revision” (PDF) (Press Release), East Japan Railway Company, (October 2019, 12), https://www.jreast.co.jp/press/2019/20191213_ho01.pdf 2019/12/14Browse. 
  26. ^ “About the March 2020 timetable revision” (PDF) (Press Release), East Japan Railway Company Chiba Branch, (December 2019, 12), https://www.jreast.co.jp/chiba/news/pdf/pre1912_daikai.pdf 2019/12/14Browse. 
  27. ^ "Freight Timetable March 26 Timetable Revision", Rail Freight Association, 3, p. 2014.
  28. ^ "Freight Timetable March 26 Timetable Revision", Rail Freight Association, 3, p. 2014.
  29. ^ a b c d e f g h 長谷川明「横須賀・総武快速線列車運転の興味」『鉄道ピクトリアル 【特集】 横須賀・総武快速線』第51巻3号(通巻第698号)、電気車研究会、2001年3月、 70 - 71頁。
  30. ^ 佐藤信之「国鉄時代の総武快速線と113系電車-総武快速線の開業から横須賀線との直通運転まで-」『鉄道ピクトリアル 【特集】横須賀・総武快速線』第68巻3号(通巻第943号)、電気車研究会、2018年3月、 55頁。
  31. ^ 今泉博之、藤田吾郎、吉岡真一「特集:形式記号「ユ」 郵便電車形式解説 郵便気動車形式解説」『鉄道ファン』第60巻3号(通巻第707号)、交友社、2020年3月、 42 - 43,53 - 54頁。
  32. ^ a b 今泉博之、藤田吾郎、吉岡真一「特集:形式記号「ユ」 郵便電車形式解説 郵便気動車形式解説」『鉄道ファン』第60巻3号(通巻第707号)、交友社、2020年3月、 55頁。
  33. ^ Newspaper train, curtain in March Cost reduction "flow of the times" --47NEWS, dated February 2010, 2, viewed on February 9, 22
  34. ^ “横須賀・総武快速線 E235 系営業運転開始について” (PDF) (Press Release), East Japan Railway Company, (October 2020, 11), https://www.jreast.co.jp/press/2020/yokohama/20201112_y02.pdf 2021/1/6Browse. 
  35. ^ Sources for linear, parallel / intersecting railroads / roads and surrounding buildings:Google map Maps and aerial photographs (January 2012)
  36. ^ "History of all railway lines JNR / JR" Vol. 26 Sobu Main Line / Narita Line / Kashima Line / Togane Line pp. 6-13
  37. ^ ``Transition of Stops Encyclopedia JNR/JR Edition''JTB 1998 ISBN-978 4533029806
  38. ^ "Number of passengers at each station”. East Japan Railway Company. 2020/12/15Browse.

Press release material

  1. ^ The area where you can use Suica will expand. (PDF) --East Japan Railway Company Press Release December 2008, 12
  2. ^ About changing trains (PDF) --East Japan Railway Company Chiba Branch Press Release August 2009, 8

newspaper article

  1. ^ a b "The long-awaited opening of electrification tomorrow between Chiba and Narita, a celebration train with joy, locals waving flags at stations". Chiba Daily (Chiba Daily) (October 1968, 3) 

References

  • Sone Satoru(Supervised) "Weekly History of all railways by national railway, JR" No. 26 Sobu Main Line / Narita Line / Kashima Line / Togane Line, Asahi Shimbun Publishing Encyclopedia Editorial Department (Edit),Asahi Shimbun Publishing<Weekly Asahi Encyclopedia>, August 2010, 1, pp. 17-5.
  • 長谷川明「横須賀・総武快速線列車運転の興味」『鉄道ピクトリアル 【特集】 横須賀・総武快速線』第51å·»3号(通巻第698号)、Electric Vehicle Study Group, January 2001, pp. 3-66.
  • 山田亮「横須賀線と総武快速線-通勤5方面作戦がもたらした異なる沿線文化同士の直通運転-」『鉄道ピクトリアル 【特集】 横須賀・総武快速線』第68å·»3号(通巻第943号)、電気車研究会、2018å¹´3月、 10 - 24頁。
  • 佐藤信之「国鉄時代の総武快速線と113系電車-総武快速線の開業から横須賀線との直通運転まで-」『鉄道ピクトリアル 【特集】 横須賀・総武快速線』第68å·»3号(通巻第943号)、電気車研究会、2018å¹´3月、 50 - 61頁。
  • 今泉博之、藤田吾郎、吉岡真一「特集:形式記号「ユ」 郵便電車形式解説 郵便気動車形式解説」『鉄道ファン』第60å·»3号(通巻707号)、Friendship company, January 2020, pp. 3-40.

Related literature

  • Yoshinobu Oikawa "Railway construction at Choshi Port in the middle of the Meiji era-a problem in the process of establishing the Sobu Railway-" "Business History" Vol. 15, No. 2, Business History Society, 1980, pp. 84-103, two:10.5029 / bhsj.15.2_84.
  • Shigeru Onoda, "Study on the History of Sobu Railway Elevated Extension Line Plan", "Research and Proceedings of Civil Engineering Planning", Vol. 18, Japan Society of Civil Engineers, 2001, pp. 17-24, two:10.2208 / journallip.18.17.

Related item

外部 リンク

Overnight driving

Overnight drivingWhat is (shuyaunten)?Public transportでLate nightIt refers to operating 22 hours a day, including the time zone (00:5 to 00:24 the next day), stopping at stations and stops, and treating passengers.Also called overnight operation[1].

However,night Train-Night bus・ Long-haul international flightsAir mailAlthough he drives in the middle of the night, he often does not fall into this category.

Train

Western

New York City Subway,Manchester AirportToAirport connecting trainSuch,アメリカ合衆国,EuropeRelatively largecity OfsubwayIt is famous that it is done in such places.As a method, many management routesSlow lineとExpress lineDivided intoMultiple linesSo every other dayDouble trackEveryTrack maintenanceThe nighttime operation is secured by the method of performing.

Overnight driving on the London Underground is called a night tube[1]..There is no late-night surcharge system and the price is the same as during the day.[1]..Night tubeRugby World Cup 2015It was planned to be introduced according toallowanceCrew as fewcombinationThe introduction was postponed due to the backlash from[2].. As of September 2017, it operates on five routes from midnight to early morning on Fridays and Saturdays.[1], Will be introduced on almost all lines except the suburbs in 2020[2].

Japan

In the case of railroadLast trainAfter operationFirst trainThe time to serviceTrack maintenanceIt is time to do construction such as, and most of the residentstime of sleepingTherefore, attention is paid to the implementation of overnight operation.

22:5-Workers who work between XNUMX o'clock the next morning (midnight work, hereCrew,Station staff)ofwage TheLabor Standards ActThis is a 5% increase (so-called midnight allowance) from normal working hours (22: 25-0: 1), which increases spending for income, so the number of trains may be significantly reduced during this time.In addition, on commuting routes around large cities, the last train is often operated from about 4:30 to 5:30, and the first train is often operated from about XNUMX:XNUMX to XNUMX:XNUMX.

ShinkansenIn the case of, during track maintenanceRailway accidentIn order to prevent the effects of high-speed driving, such as disturbing sleep along the railway lines, due to noise, in bad weather or disasters.diagramExcept for special circumstances such as turbulence, we do not operate from 0:6 to XNUMX:XNUMX, but we superviseGovernment officeAnd along the lineMunicipalitiesWith permission from 1964From OctoberJapan World Exposition(Osaka Expo) was held 1970Until around that time 200012/31 OfRailStar 21st Century Issue[3],2002 FIFA World CupHeld 20026Driving from 0:6 to XNUMX:XNUMX was carried out in some sections.[4].

An example of overnight driving carried out nationwide is during the FIFA World Cup mentioned above.JRConventional line-Private railway-subwayThere is each line[5].

Also, as a sudden example 20113/11ToTohoku-Pacific Ocean EarthquakeOccurs,Shibuya Station,Shinjuku Stationな どEast Japan Railway(JR East)Terminal stationAnd manyPeople who have difficulty returning homeIn order to relieve those who have difficulty returning home, who are staying in various places whenTokyo subwayAnd someMajor private railwayThen, the driving was done all night[6].

For overnight operation when large-scale railway operation is paralyzed,Metropolitan National Railways Rebellion( 19734/24) When it occursTeito High Speed ​​Transportation Corps(Inherited to Tokyo Metro)Japan National Railway(JNR.JRThere is an example of operation in response to a request from each company to inherit the division)[7].

in Japan,1980 eraFrom the second half1990 eraFirst halfBubble economyDuring the period, JR and major private railway companies were requested to operate overnight as a "social request".Tokyo subwayBut as mentioned aboveニ ュ ー ヨ ー クThere was an opinion that we should drive all night following the example of the city,maintenanceTo secure time for the subway and to double track the subwayCost-effectivenessAbove, I couldn't do it because of a difficult problem[8].

All-night driving from New Year's Eve to New Year's Day

It is in demand even at midnight and is a social habit.New Year's Holiday OfShotoIn many cases, it is handled by driving all night.Capital Area-Kinki area-Nagoya-FukuokaIt is mainly carried out in metropolitan areas such as.

JapanSince New Year's Eve in 1902, trains for first-time visitors have been operating in Japan, and at that timeTokyo Metropolitan Bureau of Transportation(Toden) Is the predecessorTokyo Toden Railway Shinbashiから(I.e.-AsakusaIt was done in the meantime.In addition, although the company name says "electric railway", it is actuallyCarriage trainIt is said that it was.National Railways (Ministry of Railways) Has been in operation since 1921, at that timeYamanote LineWith the whole line ofKeihin Tohoku Line(Sakuragi TownFrom Ueno) ・center lane(Tokyoから中It was carried out in a part of the section. In 1941Pacific WarIn response to the outbreak of the war, it was not operated all night from the same year, and in 1946 after the end of the war.Allied Supreme Commander General CommandIn response to the instructions of (GHQ), TodenSan Francisco Peace TreatyWith the entry into force of JapansovereigntyIn 1952, when the Japanese National Railways recovered, the Japanese National Railways resumed operation overnight.[9].

Ise Shrine,Shinohara Jingu ShrineExpected to be the first visitor toKinki Nippon RailwayThen,Limited expressIn addition to driving all night[10],Long time agoOdakyu Electric RailwayBut in addition to regular trainsEnoshimaFocusing on the directionLimited express "New Year Express"Was operating[11]..Depending on the railway operator, the implementation may be centered on the sections and routes that the user can expect, rather than the entire line of the operator, and the operation interval is often wider than during the daytime.

However,1990 eraAfter the second half, some railway companies (major railway companiesTokyu Corporation[14],Seibu Railway[16], Odakyu, etc.), due to reasons such as "demand is difficult to recognize", the last train may be moved down (until 2:4 am) or the first train may be moved up (from XNUMX:XNUMX am), and it may not be operated all night. is there.AlsoNagoya RailwayThen. 2004The last stop of service[17].. Even at JR companiesHokkaido passenger railway(JR Hokkaido)[18]とTokai passenger railway(JR Tokai)[19]Then. 2014I stopped driving all night.Tokyo Metropolitan Bureau of Transportation(Toei SubwayIn)Labor disputeWas temporarily suspended all night due to[20]..Therefore, some railway lines do not operate all night, but instead operate all night.Transfer transportationTake steps to do.

Many of the operators currently in operation are reducing the number of trains or the routes and sections of operation due to a decrease in users and an increase in operating costs (Keisei Electric Railway,Keio Electric Railway, Kintetsu Railway,Keihan Electric Railway,West Japan Railway Company(JR West), Tokyo Metropolitan Transportation Bureau (Toei Subway Mita Line, From 2016, it will be reduced to 30 hour interval from 2 am to 4 am every 1 minutes).The fare paid by passengers is the same as during the day, while the crew and station staff engaged in overnight driving are given the double allowance of midnight work + New Year work.

Epidemic of new coronavirus infectionWelcomed under the third wave 2020On New Year's Eve, many JR and private railway companies decided not to postpone the last train on New Year's Eve, operate all night, or postpone the first train on New Year's Day from the viewpoint of preventing the spread of infection.[21]..Some railway companies such as Tokyo Metro and JR East, which were originally scheduled to operate all night, will also stop operating all night.Governor of Tokyo OfYuriko KoikeSuch,Capital Area1 metropolitan area and 3 prefecturesGovernor,Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and TourismBased on the request from, we announced the cancellation of driving one after another at a later date[22].

OverseasTaiwan(Taipei), From December 12st to January 31st, mainlyNew Year'sの た め にTaipei 101It is known for the purpose of counting down to.

All night driving at other dates and times

When large-scale festivals and events are held in the middle of the night or early morning, passenger trains may be operated during the midnight and early morning hours when passenger trains are not normally operated.

Transit Bus

Japan

Short / medium distanceTransit Bus(Express Bus-Express busEtc.), in the middle of the nightMidnight busAlthough there are businesses that operate the railway, we operate all night because it is difficult to recognize demand like railways and we suppress spending a 25% increase in wages (midnight allowance) for crew members who work late at night. There are many businesses that do not.Also, depending on the routeBus terminal,Park and rideThere is also a reason why the parking lot is not open 24 hours a day.

However,空港Used for going to and fromLimousine busIn the case of midnight / early morningaircraftIn some cases, the first and last flights are set at 2 to 3 am for the purpose of contacting, and the division of operating hours is ambiguous.In this case, the bus stop will have a parking lotPrivate carIt is normal to assume access by.Moreover, 20157/1Or later,KIXとOsaka StationThe limousine bus that connects the buses runs all night, operating once an hour even at midnight.[26].

On a regular fixed-route busKanagawa Central Transportation,Mie traffic,Keihan BusEtc. may operate all night from December 12st to January 31st of the following year.At Kanagawa Chuo KotsuTanzawa mountain rangeMt. OoyamaIs along the railway line, and climbers for the purpose of the first sunriseMt. Ooyama Aburari ShrineBecause there are so many first-time visitors toIsehara StationAnd from Mt. Ooyama Elementary School (temporary parking lot in the schoolyard) to Mt. Ooyama Cable StationPiston operationI do.At Mie Kotsu, as a response to worshipers at Ise Jingu,Ujiyamada StationAnd Ise Jingu Geku,Isuzugawa StationIt connects with Ise Jingu Naiku.Similarly on the Keihan BusNaritasan Osaka Betsuin MeioinBecause (Naritayama Fudoson) exists along the railway lineKeihan Korien --Naritasan Fudoson MaePiston operationIt is carried out.Kintetsu Bus TheNobutaka Nishi CableConnect toCar-only roadPass throughTakayasuyama Station - ShigisanmonOperates between.These are the same reasons as the above-mentioned transportation of first-time worshipers on the railroad.

In addition, there are many Hatsumode spots along the railway line.Kyoto Municipal BusHowever, it operates all night on three lines connecting the terminal that connects to the railway and the shrines and temples that have a particularly large number of worshipers.

Nankai BusAirport officeThe Terminal 1 Limousine Bus and International Freight District Line operate all night every day.In particular, the latter is characterized by its relatively high frequency of operation, which is every 3 minutes, even at midnight between 20 and XNUMX o'clock, due to the balance of freight flights departing at midnight.

From 2013 year 12 month 20 dayTokyo Metropolitan Bureau of Transportation TheToei BusI started trying to drive all night.Between Shibuya and Roppongi at midnight on Friday, the train operated every 1 hour and 5 minutes at 1-10 o'clock midnight.[27]..However, the usage was sluggish at about 1 people per flight, and the deficit reached 9 million yen by August 2014, which was promoted.Naoki InoseGovernor of Tokyo resigns and succeedsYoichi MasuzoeDecided to review this, so it was abolished at midnight on October 2014, 10.[28][29].

Taiwan

TaiwanThen, there are many companies that operate highway buses 24 hours a day, mainly on the main line between Taipei and Kaohsiung.It runs approximately every hour during the midnight hours.Unlike Japan, the price is the same as in the daytime.However, in reality, the fare is often discounted at midnight.

Ship

ShipIn the short sectionferryThere are cases where all-night operation (all-night operation) is carried out mainly in.This is the routebridge,tunnelAlternative (so-calledMarine National HighwayIt is often seen when it is a section), rather than passengersLarge truckAnd its drivers are the main customers.

in JapanSeto Inland SeaConnecting Honshu and ShikokuRouteAndTsugaru StraitConnecting Honshu and Hokkaido acrossSeikan routeIt is often seen in.Especially the former (Utaka routeEtc.)Honshu-Shikoku connecting bridgeEven after the opening of the road, it was popular due to its low price and the advantage of being able to take a nap while on board.Uko National Highway FerryandShikoku FerryAfter canceling all-night service due to reduced flights, the route itself was forced to suspend).In publicSakurajimaとKagoshima PortTieSakurajima FerryIs going.

In addition,Miyajima routeIt is held from New Year's Eve to New Year's Day[30]In this way, there are cases where all-night flights are carried out in accordance with festivals and events near the destination.

Other

TaxiIn the case of, it is often operated all day to measure the user's flight.However, taxisScheduled timetableIn many cases, it is not called overnight driving because it may not be driven according to the above.Also, it is operated under certain conditions.Shared taxiDoes not drive all night.In addition, taxis from 22:00 to 5:00 (some areas such as Osaka and Fukuoka) will be charged at midnight and early morning, and the additional distance will be 2% shorter than usual.[1].

またairplaneBut in the pastJapan Airlines Tokyo International Airport(Haneda airport) - Fukuoka AirportBetween (Airport with board)Osaka International AirportThere was an overnight flight called "" that connects via (Itami Airport), but this is not called overnight operation either.In the case of Japanese airline routes, due to restrictions on airport usage time due to noise problems and the operating hours of airport access transportation such as railroads and fixed-route buses, passenger flights during midnight and early morning hours are extremely difficult to operate, rather than overnight. (However, the number of flights in the early morning is increasing due to the spread of advance purchase discounts).Star flyerでKitakyushu5:30 departure →HanedaThe first flight arriving at 6:55 in the early morning, departing from Haneda at 1:23 → the last flight arriving at Kitakyushu at 30:1 is set.

On routes connecting airports that can be used 24 hours a day, such as Haneda, New Chitose, Chubu, and Kansai, some flights arrive and depart at 2 am and 3 am, but they are all freight flights.However, at some airports in countries with loose noise regulations, some flights arrive and depart at 2am and 3am.

footnote

[How to use footnotes]
  1. ^ a b c d The light and shadow of the London Underground that started "driving all night" 1 Toyo Keizai Online, viewed on December 2017, 10.
  2. ^ a b “Light and Shadow of the London Underground that started“ overnight driving ”2”.Toyo Keizai Online. http://toyokeizai.net/articles/-/187396?page=2 2017/10/14Browse. 
  3. ^ “Travel over time 2. Driving the“ Rail Star 21st Century ”” (Japanese) (Press Release), West Japan Railway Company, (May 2000, 11), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2001, 2., http://web.archive.org/web/20010215122820/http://www.westjr.co.jp/kou/press/4press/n001113g.html 2015/3/6Browse. 
  4. ^ Nihon Kotsu Kogyo "Shinkansen-20 Years of Dream Super Express-" Koichi Ebihara 1985
  5. ^ Many routes have finished operating by about 3:XNUMX am,Joetsu Shinkansen-Hanwa Line-Kagoshima Main LineSuch,First trainSome routes have been operated since the 4th era, which is close to. --"JR Timetable" (edited and published by Kotsu Shimbunsha) June 2002 issue, JR News pp.6 --23
  6. ^ "Tokyo Metro decides to drive all night"Nihon Keizai Shimbun. (June 2011, 3). http://www.nikkei.com/news/category/article/g=96958A9C93819695E3E3E291818DE3E3E2E1E0E2E3E3E2E2E2E2E2E2;at=ALL 
  7. ^ However, this is not mentioned at all in "1981 Years of Subway Transportation" published by Teito Rapid Transit Authority in 50. (Asahi Shimbun Tokyo edition May 1983, 5 "Subway story, history squeaks 7 Masashi")
  8. ^ “Why don't trains run 24 hours a day?”. R25(July 2012, 12). http://r25.yahoo.co.jp/fushigi/rxr_detail/?id=20121220-00027264-r25 
  9. ^ ""Overnight driving of New Year's Eve" Cancellation is "super abnormal situation" When did it start?Since when has it been canceled?". Weekly Shincho (September 2020, 12). 2020/12/31Browse.
  10. ^ From the end of the year to the beginning of the year, we will operate special trains and extended trains. (PDF, Kintetsu Railway January 2013, 11)
  11. ^ Notice of all-night driving from New Year's Eve to New Year's Day (PDF, Odakyu Electric Railway November 2013, 11)
  12. ^ “About train operation during the year-end and New Year holidays”.Tokyu Corporation. (November 2015, 11). http://www.tokyu.co.jp/company/news/list/?id=2353 
  13. ^ “About train operation during the year-end and New Year holidays”.Tokyu Corporation. (November 2016, 11). http://www.tokyu.co.jp/company/news/list/?id=2499 
  14. ^ Tokyu had been dealing with the extension of the last train and the advancement of the first train on some routes for a long time, so it was not operated all night, but 2013From New Year's Eve 2014On New Year's Day (hereinafter referred to as "2013")Toyoko LineStart driving all night only.In addition, the last train will be extended and the first train will be advanced.Denentoshi LineWas carried out in[12]However, none of them went to the end in 2019, and all routes will be regular Saturdays and holidays in 2020.From 2000 to 2015Meguro LineHowever, the last train was extended and the first train was advanced, but it has been canceled since 2016.[13].
  15. ^ On New Year's Day 2014, we will drive a special mutual direct train "Minato Yokohama First Sunrise" (PDF, Seibu Railway December 2013, 12)
  16. ^ 2008Not done since New Year's Eve.In 2013, the first train will be moved up to operate a special train that runs directly on the Tokyo Metro Fukutoshin Line, Tokyu Toyoko Line, and Minatomirai Line.[15]
  17. ^ About 17 year-end and New Year transportation (PDF, Nagoya Railroad November 2005, 11) (Internet Archive), viewed March 2015, 3
  18. ^ About special train operation at the end of the year (PDF, Hokkaido Railway Company November 2014, 11) , Viewed on December 2015, 3
  19. ^ JR Tokai is in the suburbs of NagoyaTokaido Main LineAll night driving 2012Finished only once, in 2013Nagoya Station - Iseshi StationRapid "Mie HatsumodeThere was only one round trip, but this was not operated in 1 either. --"JR Timetable" (edited and published Kotsu Shimbun) January 2013, January 1 and December 2014
  20. ^ Railway Book Publishing Association "Keikyu Diamond 100 Year History" Takashi Yoshimoto 1999
  21. ^ "Also refrain from driving all night in the Kanto area ... Temporary trains and last train extensions will be canceled in the Kansai area."Response. (May 2020, 12). https://news.yahoo.co.jp/articles/6e94a818c46959cb9ef22294409f424db2e751da 
    "Tokyo Metro, Keikyu, etc. will be canceled by all 6 companies that received the request to stop operation all night". ITmedia Business Online. (July 2020, 12). https://news.yahoo.co.jp/articles/9fa9d3e0a23350ed92554e69f0bfd00da9ec593a 
  22. ^ "Omisoka stop driving all night Railroad companies, corona measures". Newsletter (September 2020, 12). 2020/12/31Browse.
  23. ^ 2014 special train timetable (PDF, Kumano City Tourist Information Association August 2014, 8) , Viewed on December 2015, 3
  24. ^ Go to Hakata Gion Yamakasa by JR! We will drive a special train according to "Okiyama"! (PDF) --JR Kyushu
  25. ^ July 7 Hakata Gion Yamakasa (Oki Yamakasa) We will operate a special train and bus early in the morning! (PDF) --Nishi-Nippon Railroad
  26. ^ "Limousine Bus Kansai-Osaka Station Line, increased flights in the middle of the night and early morning ... 7 hours from July 1st". Response.(July 2015, 6). http://response.jp/article/2015/06/19/253770.html 2015/9/15Browse. 
  27. ^ "Tokyo Metropolitan Bureau of Transportation tries to operate Toei Bus all night from midnight on December 12th ... between Shibuya and Roppongi". Response.(July 2013, 11). http://response.jp/article/2013/11/24/211536.html 2014/2/6Browse. 
  28. ^ "Slow usage, Toei bus service discontinued all night, criticism of" former governor's idea ""Sankei News. (March 2014, 10). http://www.sankei.com/politics/news/141029/plt1410290022-n1.html 
  29. ^ “Toei Bus Ends All Night Service Last Night in Halloween”. Asahi Shimbun digital (huffingtonpost). (November 2014, 11). http://www.huffingtonpost.jp/2014/11/01/tokyo-bus_n_6086022.html ..On the day of the end of serviceHalloweenBecause it overlapped with, it was used by 512 people, the largest number ever.
  30. ^ "Timetable (year-end and New Year timetable)". JR West Miyajima Ferry. 2020/1/4Browse.

 

 

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