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Tokyo Ward

Tokyo Ward(Tokyo) isTokyoOf 23special areaConsists ofregion[3].Tokyo 23 WardIt is often called (Tokyo 23).

1943(Showa 18) Until June, the city system was laid downTokyoIt is inTokyo cityHowever, the prefecture and cityMetropolitan systemAs the city of Tokyo was abolished after the transition to, it was mainly called in this way.

Overview

History of establishment

Second World Warunder,capital OfAdministrative functionFor the purpose of strengtheningTokyoとTokyo cityIntegrateTokyoWas established1943(Showa18 years)[4].special areaThe XNUMX wards of Tokyo, which is composed ofTokyo city(35 wards at that time) was transferred.

Area, population, population density

The area of ​​Tokyo's 23 wards (627.57 wards of Tokyo) is XNUMX km2(As of June 2019, 6).

The current population isBasic Resident Registerによると東京都区部(東京23区)の人口の合計は957万人(2020年1月1日時点)。 (同時期の東京都全体は1382万人なので)東京都のおよそ70%の人が23区に住んでいることになる。 人口密度は約1.5万人/km2.

To explain what the population of Tokyo's 1920 wards was like in 9 (Taisho XNUMX), to give some examples,TaitoIs the most populous 1 people,SetagayaWas 3.High economic growth periodIn 1965 (Showa 40), about 889 million people (CensusAfter reaching the maximum in terms of population), it began to decrease due to suburbanization, especiallyBubble economyDue to the soaring land prices1990 eraLess than 800 million people (reference). After thatReturn to the city centerDue to the phenomenon, the number has increased again to about 970 million, and now accounts for about 69% of the population of Tokyo.

"#Population transitionDetailed explanation in the section.

The population of Tokyo's 2 wards is the largest and second largest in Japan if it is regarded as a kind of "one municipality".横 浜 市The population is about 2.6 times larger than that of.

Incidentally,Daytime populationThen,1980 eraAt the end of the bubble economy, it reached a maximum of about 1129 million people.Lost ten yearsIt decreased during the period, but then increased and is on par with the bubble period (reference).Daytime populationcompared toNighttime populationIs much less. The area outside the 23 wards is hugeBed townPeople in the area are moving to the 23 wards to work in the daytime.

Of the 23 wards, the wards around the center, the so-called "city center" wards, are mainlyCentral business districtMost of them are so-called "workplaces," "workplaces," "offices," "stores," etc., and they have few places of residence and a small population (""#City centerThe slightly ambiguous concept of "will be described later). Also,Land priceNot only is it expensive, but the small area is also one of the reasons for the small population. The surrounding wards have a larger population, but the area is the largestOta-kuSetagaya Ward, which has the second largest area, has a larger population (Ota Ward has become the largest ward overtaking Setagaya Ward as a result of reclamation by offshore expansion of Haneda Airport), and is the fifth largest in area.Nerima-kuIs the second largest in the population.Tokyo BayThe coastal district isTokyo PortDue to its port facilities and vast factories and distribution areas, the population density is lower than that of the inland surrounding areas,Koto WardConstruction of high-rise housing is underway, and there are some places where this is not the case.

Administrative features and related regulations

Local government lawVolume 3 "Special local government"Chapter 2"special areaIt is operated based on the provisions of "(Articles 281 to 283).Ward assemblyAlthough it has, part of the management and operation work of the ward都Is going. National government agencies and ministers can give advice and recommendationsOrdinary local governmentUnlike, it is possible to give advice and recommendations on the operation of the special wards.Governor of TokyoOnly, or for matters related toMinister of Internal Affairs and CommunicationsOnly. A metropolitan ward council has been established to coordinate communication between the capital and the special wards and the special wards.

The special wards of Tokyo have less authority than the municipalities, and the Tokyo Metropolitan Government normally handles water supply operations and firefighting.[4].

Multipolar Distributed National Spatial Strategies Act (Showa 63 YearLaw No. 83[5]) Article 4 defines "the area where the special wards of Tokyo exist" as "the XNUMX wards of Tokyo".

Task

Incidentally,financeAlthough the independence is low,MemberThe number of staff is large, and the total number of staff in the 23 wards is currently 6.Ward assemblyThe number is about 900 and theyPersonnel expensesIt is also regarded as a problem that the annual amount is over 6000 billion yen. Due to these irrationalities and inefficiencies, there are opinions calling for reorganization of the 23 wards.[4].


History

Edo Period,EdoThe city area ofShubikiThe range was specified by the "red line".

February 2, 2 (1869), Instead of EdoTokyoHas established a new Shubiki. this isImperial PalaceThe inside of Shubiki was defined as "urban area" and the outside was defined as "hometown".[6].. On March 3th of the same year, 16 wards were established in Shubiki (fifty program system, fifty ward system), and in June 50 (Meiji 4).1871) Was reduced in scope and reorganized into 44 wards (Shubikiuchi XNUMX wards system)[6].

1878(11th year of Meiji),County, town and village organization lawWas enacted,Miyagi (Imperial Palace)In the surrounding city centerKojimachi Ward,Kanda Ward,Nihonbashi Wardな ど15 wardsWas set.1889In (Meiji 22), in these 15 wardsMunicipal systemIs enforced,Tokyo cityBecomesMeijiIn the times, aboutMeiji streetThe inside of the city was Tokyo City, and the outside was a town or village such as Shibuya Village, Minamitoshima District.[7].. At that time, the city of Tokyo covered the entire area of ​​the current Chiyoda, Chuo, Minato, Bunkyo, and Taito wards, as well as parts of Shinjuku, Sumida, and Koto wards.

1932In (Showa 7), 82 surrounding towns and villages were incorporated, and the area and population expanded at once. At this time, in addition to the existing 15 wards, 20 wards were newly established, and became 35 wards. The current area of ​​Tokyo's 35 wards almost overlaps with the XNUMX wards at that time.1943(Showa 18)Tokyo Metropolitan GovernmentHas been enforcedTokyoAnd Tokyo city is abolished, 35 wardsTokyoIt became an administrative district of.

1947The 22th ward was reorganized to 3 wards on March 15th, just before the enforcement of the Local Autonomy Law in 35, and due to the enforcement of the Local Autonomy Law on May 22rd.special areaMoved to. Furthermore, on August 8, the same year, Nerima Ward was separated from Itabashi Ward and became the current 1 Wards. For a long time since the establishment of the system, the special wards have been positioned as an internal organization of Tokyo.Article 93, Paragraph 2 of the Japanese ConstitutionIt has been understood that it does not correspond to the "local public organization" of[8]. But,2000Due to the decentralization reform in (12), the special wards were defined as "basic local public bodies" and became independent local public bodies in both name and reality.

Geography

climate

The climate classification in JapanPacific climateBelongs to. Summers are hot and rainy, and winters are often sunny and dry.

In spring, the weather changes cyclically and there are many sunny days, but the developed low pressure system may pass through and the weather may collapse.Cold vortexUnder the influence ofthunderstormThere are times when

rainy seasonPrecipitation is less than that west of Tokai.

Summer,Pacific highIt is often sunny, humid and hot, and thunderstorms are likely to occur.Okhotsk Sea HighDue to the influence of the cool and humid northeastern airflow that blows in from the air, the weather may be cloudy or rainy, and it may be hit by abnormally low temperatures that do not reach even summer days.recent years[from when?]Is decreasing.

In the first half of autumnAutumn rain frontIt becomes easier to rain due to the influence of. In the latter half, the weather changes cyclically, and there are many sunny days.

In winterWest High East LowThe winter typePressure patternIn the case of, there are many days when it is sunny and the air is dry. In the second half of winterSouth coast lowが通過しやすくなり、上空の寒気が強い場合に雪となる。2014年2月8日と同年2月14日にはそれぞれ1969年以来の大雪となり、千代田区大手町のJapanese Meteorological AgencyBut 27cmの積雪を観測した。

Japanese Meteorological AgencyOpen airAccording to the observation of Otemachi where there wasHeat islandThe number of winter days, which was observed about 1920 days a year in the 70s, has decreased, and the number of tropical nights has more than tripled.

On the other hand, it is closer to the inlandNerima-kuIn the Amedas observation ofWinter dayIs not uncommonShinjuku ward,Shibuya WardObservations of winter days are often seen even in central Tokyo.[Source required]Also, in Chiyoda Ward, where the meteorological station is located, there is a new Meteorological Agency dew field near Otemachi.Kitanomaru Parkとでは冬場の最低気温に違いが見られ、2012年1月の平均最低気温は大手町1.8℃に対し北の丸公園は0.4℃であり、冬日の日数では大手町3日に対し北の丸公園は11日である。これは、1月の気温に関しては練馬(平均最低気温−0.3℃、冬日17日)寄りの気温である。これらの要因から、同じ都区内でもNerima-kuなど内陸寄りの郊外とChuo-ku,Chiyoda Wardなどの臨海部との気温差が大きいことを表している。また、気象観測所が大手町にあった時代の最低気温はKochi,Kagoshimaより高い日が少なからずあったが、北の丸公園への移転後は反対に北関東のMaebashiAnd Tohoku areaAomoriThe days are lower than that.

Tokyo[9](Tokyo District Meteorological Observatory) Climate
Month123456789101112Years
Highest temperature record ° C (° F)22.6
(72.7)
24.9
(76.8)
25.3
(77.5)
29.2
(84.6)
32.2
(90)
36.2
(97.2)
39.5
(103.1)
39.1
(102.4)
38.1
(100.6)
32.6
(90.7)
27.3
(81.1)
24.8
(76.6)
39.5
(103.1)
Average maximum temperature ° C (° F)9.6
(49.3)
10.4
(50.7)
13.6
(56.5)
19.0
(66.2)
22.9
(73.2)
25.5
(77.9)
29.2
(84.6)
30.8
(87.4)
26.9
(80.4)
21.5
(70.7)
16.3
(61.3)
11.9
(53.4)
19.8
(67.6)
Average daily temperature ° C (° F)5.2
(41.4)
5.7
(42.3)
8.7
(47.7)
13.9
(57)
18.2
(64.8)
21.4
(70.5)
25.0
(77)
26.4
(79.5)
22.8
(73)
17.5
(63.5)
12.1
(53.8)
7.6
(45.7)
15.4
(59.7)
Average minimum temperature ° C (° F)0.9
(33.6)
1.7
(35.1)
4.4
(39.9)
9.4
(48.9)
14.0
(57.2)
18.0
(64.4)
21.8
(71.2)
23.0
(73.4)
19.7
(67.5)
14.2
(57.6)
8.3
(46.9)
3.5
(38.3)
11.6
(52.9)
Minimum temperature record ° C (° F)−9.2
(15.4)
−7.9
(17.8)
−5.6
(21.9)
−3.1
(26.4)
2.2
(36)
8.5
(47.3)
13.0
(55.4)
15.4
(59.7)
10.5
(50.9)
−0.5
(31.1)
−3.1
(26.4)
−6.8
(19.8)
−9.2
(15.4)
Precipitation amount mm (inch)52.3
(2.059)
56.1
(2.209)
117.5
(4.626)
124.5
(4.902)
137.8
(5.425)
167.7
(6.602)
153.5
(6.043)
168.2
(6.622)
209.9
(8.264)
197.8
(7.787)
92.5
(3.642)
51.0
(2.008)
1,528.8
(60.189)
Snowfall cm (inch)5
(2)
5
(2)
1
(0.4)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
11
(4.3)
Average days of precipitation (≥ 0.5 mm)5.36.211.011.011.412.711.89.012.210.87.64.9114.0
Average number of snowfall days (≥ 0 cm)2.83.72.20.20.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.89.7
(I.e.52535662697577737568655665
Average monthlyDaylight hours184.5165.8163.1176.9167.8125.4146.4169.0120.9131.0147.9178.01,876.7
Source: Japanese Meteorological Agency (Average value: 1981-2010, extreme value: 1875-present)[10][11]

Region

special area

List of special wards
Ward nameWard flagWard emblemEstimated populationareaThe population density
Chiyoda WardFlag of Chiyoda, Tokyo.svgEmblem of Chiyoda, Tokyo.svg067,10411.66km²5,755
Chuo-kuFlag of Chuo, Tokyo.svgEmblem of Chuo, Tokyo.svg170,07610.21km²16,658
Minato-kuFlag of Minato, Tokyo.svgEmblem of Minato, Tokyo.svg258,44520.37km²12,688
Shinjuku wardFlag of Shinjuku, Tokyo.svgEmblem of Shinjuku, Tokyo.svg346,73518.22km²19,030
Bunkyo kuFlag of Bunkyo, Tokyo.svgEmblem of Bunkyo, Tokyo.svg236,30011.29km²20,930
TaitoFlag of Taito, Tokyo.svgEmblem of Taito, Tokyo.svg210,56810.11km²20,828
Sumida-kuFlag of Sumida, Tokyo.svgEmblem of Sumida, Tokyo.svg270,85513.77km²19,670
Koto WardFlag of Koto, Tokyo.svgEmblem of Koto, Tokyo.svg523,35640.16km²13,032
ShinagawaFlag of Shinagawa, Tokyo.svgShinagawa-ku, Tokyo ward emblem.svg416,09822.84km²18,218
MeguroFlag of Meguro, Tokyo.svgEmblem of Meguro, Tokyo.svg287,32814.67km²19,586
Ota-kuFlag of Ota, Tokyo.svgOta-ku, Tokyo ward emblem.svg737,82860.83km²12,129
SetagayaFlag of Setagaya, Tokyo.svgSetagaya-ku, Tokyo ward emblem.svg941,45758.05km²16,218
Shibuya WardFlag of Shibuya, Tokyo.svgEmblem of Shibuya, Tokyo.svg235,42815.11km²15,581
NakanoFlag of Nakano, Tokyo.svgEmblem of Nakano, Tokyo.svg341,56615.59km²21,909
SuginamiFlag of Suginami, Tokyo.svgSuginami-ku, Tokyo ward emblem.svg584,31334.06km²17,155
Toshima wardFlag of Toshima, Tokyo.svgSymbol of Toshima, Tokyo.svg298,32013.01km²22,930
KitaFlag of Kita, Tokyo.svgEmblem of Kita, Tokyo.svg353,43120.61km²17,149
ArakawaFlag of Arakawa, Tokyo.svgEmblem of Arakawa, Tokyo.svg218,00110.16km²21,457
Itabashi kuFlag of Itabashi, Tokyo.svgEmblem of Itabashi, Tokyo.svg582,14232.22km²18,068
Nerima-kuFlag of Nerima, Tokyo.svgEmblem of Nerima, Tokyo.svg743,01348.08km²15,454
Adachi-kuFlag of Adachi, Tokyo.svgEmblem of Adachi, Tokyo.svg682,67753.25km²12,820
KatsushikaFlag of Katsushika-ku, Tokyo.svgEmblem of Katsushika, Tokyo.svg453,79834.80km²13,040
Edogawa-kuFlag of Edogawa, Tokyo.svgEmblem of Edogawa, Tokyo.svg691,40849.90km²13,856

Classification within the XNUMX wards

Warning classification by the Japan Meteorological Agency[12]
  • West 23 wards (16 wards)
Chuo Ward, Chiyoda Ward, Bunkyo Ward, Minato Ward, Shinjuku Ward, Shinagawa Ward, Meguro Ward, Ota Ward, Setagaya Ward, Shibuya Ward, Nakano Ward, Suginami Ward, Nerima Ward, Itabashi Ward, Toshima Ward, Kita Ward
  • East 23 wards (7 wards)
Taito Ward, Sumida Ward, Koto Ward, Arakawa Ward, Adachi Ward, Katsushika Ward, Edogawa Ward

Undetermined affiliation

Regarding the land created by reclaiming the public water surface, the administrative affiliation may be undecided.

  • Tokyo ExpresswayAnd under its elevatedNishi Ginza Department StoreEtc.)-The Imperial Palace Sotobori, Kyobashi River, and Shiodome River were reclaimed, but Sotobori is the boundary between Chiyoda Ward and Chuo Ward, and Shiodome River is the boundary between Chuo Ward and Minato Ward. The underpass exists above the ward boundary. Due to these circumstances, its administrative affiliation remains uncertain.
  • Central breakwater reclaimed land --Koto Ward and Ota Ward have long claimed attribution and were in dispute.2019(ReiwaFirst year) on September 9thTokyo District CourtIt was decided that the west side of the reclaimed land outside the central breakwater (20.7% of the total) belongs to the Ota Ward side, and the east side and the entire inner reclaimed land (79.3% of the total) belong to the Koto Ward side. Announced to accept[13].. In addition,New sea surface disposal siteIn the same judgment, the attribution is not indicated, and the dispute continues.

population

Changes in population

  • CensusPopulation (all surveyed on October 10, statistical year)[14].
  • Before 1947 (Showa 22), the population for each range of the current ward (the current ward name is written in []) is listed.
  • The color coding is as follows.
■ : City center3 wards (Chiyoda ward, Chuo ward, Minato ward)
■: 3 central wards (Bunkyo and Taito wards) excluding 5 central wards-October 1932, 7 (Showa 10)Tokyo cityDistricts that do not include the areas of 5 towns and villages in the adjacent 82 counties incorporated into
■: OldMinami Katsushika(Sumida Ward, Koto Ward, Katsushika Ward, Edogawa Ward) -Former Tokyo City 15 WardsHonjo WardIs in Sumida WardFukagawa WardAre included in each of Koto Ward.
■: OldMinamiadachi-gun(Adachi Ward)
■: OldKita-Toshima District(Toyoshima Ward, Kita Ward, Arakawa Ward, Itabashi Ward, Nerima Ward)
■: OldToyama-gun(Shinjuku Ward, Shibuya Ward, Nakano Ward, Suginami Ward) -Former Tokyo City 15 WardsYotsuya WardandUshigome WardIs included in Shinjuku Ward.
■: OldEbara-gun(Shinagawa Ward, Meguro Ward, Ota Ward, Setagaya Ward) -Old part of Setagaya WardKitama-gunincluding.

Incidentally,1923(Taisho 12)9/1ToGreat Kanto EarthquakeOccurred on March 1945, 20 (Showa 3)Tokyo air raidThe population of Tokyo is declining due to the disaster.

Census population (After the war・ October 10st of each year)
2015
Heisei 27
2010
Heisei 22
2005
Heisei 17
2000
Heisei 12
1995
Heisei 7
1990
Heisei 2
1985
Showa 60 Year
1980
Showa 55 Year
1975
Showa 50 Year
1970
Showa 45 Year
1965
Showa 40 Year
1960
Showa 35 Year
1955
Showa 30 Year
1950
Showa 25 Year
1947
Showa 22 Year
Japan127,094,745128,057,352127,756,815126,925,843125,570,246123,611,167121,048,923117,060,396111,939,643103,720,06098,274,96193,418,50189,275,52983,199,63778,101,473
all13,515,27113,159,38812,576,60112,064,10111,773,60511,855,56311,829,36311,618,28111,673,55411,408,07110,869,2449,683,8028,037,0846,277,5005,000,777
Ward9,272,7408,945,6958,489,6538,134,6887,967,6148,163,5738,354,6158,351,8938,646,5208,840,9428,893,0948,310,0276,969,1045,385,0714,177,548
1Setagaya
903,346
Setagaya
877,138
Setagaya
841,165
Setagaya
814,901
Setagaya
781,104
Setagaya
789,051
Setagaya
811,304
Setagaya
797,292
Setagaya
805,787
Setagaya
787,338
Ota-ku
755,535
Ota-ku
706,219
Ota-ku
568,498
Setagaya
408,226
Setagaya
356,170
2Nerima-ku
721,722
Nerima-ku
716,124
Nerima-ku
692,339
Nerima-ku
658,132
Ota-ku
636,276
Ota-ku
647,914
Ota-ku
662,814
Ota-ku
661,147
Ota-ku
691,337
Ota-ku
734,990
Setagaya
742,880
Setagaya
653,210
Setagaya
523,630
Ota-ku
400,406
Ota-ku
313,746
3Ota-ku
717,082
Ota-ku
693,373
Ota-ku
665,674
Ota-ku
650,331
Nerima-ku
635,746
Adachi-ku
631,163
Adachi-ku
622,640
Adachi-ku
619,961
Adachi-ku
609,025
Adachi-ku
571,791
Suginami
536,792
Suginami
487,210
Suginami
405,665
Suginami
326,610
Suginami
284,493
4Edogawa-ku
681,298
Adachi-ku
683,426
Edogawa-ku
653,944
Edogawa-ku
619,953
Adachi-ku
622,270
Nerima-ku
618,663
Nerima-ku
587,887
Nerima-ku
564,156
Suginami
560,716
Suginami
553,016
Adachi-ku
514,717
Shinagawa
427,859
Shinagawa
373,341
Shinagawa
288,545
Adachi-ku
233,217
5Adachi-ku
670,122
Edogawa-ku
678,967
Adachi-ku
624,807
Adachi-ku
617,123
Edogawa-ku
589,414
Edogawa-ku
565,939
Suginami
539,842
Suginami
542,449
Nerima-ku
559,665
Nerima-ku
527,931
Itabashi ku
477,007
Kita
418,603
Kita
351,532
Adachi-ku
268,304
Shinagawa
219,500
6Suginami
563,997
Suginami
549,569
Suginami
528,587
Suginami
522,103
Suginami
515,803
Suginami
529,485
Edogawa-ku
514,812
Itabashi ku
498,266
Itabashi ku
498,286
Itabashi ku
471,777
Kita
452,064
Shinjuku ward
413,690
Shinjuku ward
348,675
Kita
267,209
Kita
202,585
7Itabashi ku
561,916
Itabashi ku
535,824
Itabashi ku
523,083
Itabashi ku
513,575
Itabashi ku
511,415
Itabashi ku
518,943
Itabashi ku
505,556
Edogawa-ku
495,231
Edogawa-ku
473,656
Katsushika
462,954
Katsushika
446,059
Itabashi ku
412,605
Adachi-ku
332,181
Taito
262,159
Taito
195,943
8Koto Ward
498,109
Koto Ward
460,819
Katsushika
424,878
Katsushika
421,519
Katsushika
424,478
Katsushika
424,801
Katsushika
419,017
Katsushika
420,187
Katsushika
442,328
Edogawa-ku
446,758
Nerima-ku
434,721
Adachi-ku
408,768
Itabashi ku
311,225
Shinjuku ward
246,373
Katsushika
181,966
9Katsushika
442,913
Katsushika
442,586
Koto Ward
420,845
Koto Ward
376,840
Koto Ward
365,604
Koto Ward
385,159
Koto Ward
388,927
Kita
387,458
Kita
419,996
Kita
431,219
Shinagawa
423,015
Katsushika
376,724
Taito
310,058
Katsushika
244,832
Itabashi ku
177,282
10Shinagawa
386,855
Shinagawa
365,302
Shinagawa
346,357
Kita
326,764
Kita
334,127
Kita
354,647
Kita
367,579
Koto Ward
362,270
Nakano
373,075
Shinagawa
397,302
Shinjuku ward
413,910
Toshima ward
363,193
Sumida-ku
305,590
Sumida-ku
236,242
Sumida-ku
173,601
11Kita
341,076
Kita
335,544
Kita
330,412
Shinagawa
324,608
Shinagawa
325,377
Shinagawa
344,611
Shinagawa
357,732
Shinagawa
346,247
Shinjuku ward
367,218
Shinjuku ward
390,657
Edogawa-ku
405,139
Nakano
351,360
Toshima ward
300,557
Itabashi ku
223,003
Edogawa-ku
173,422
12Shinjuku ward
333,560
Shinjuku ward
326,309
Nakano
310,627
Nakano
309,526
Nakano
306,581
Nakano
319,687
Nakano
335,936
Nakano
345,733
Shinagawa
366,058
Nakano
378,723
Nakano
376,697
Koto Ward
351,053
Katsushika
294,133
Toshima ward
217,141
Meguro
170,022
13Nakano
328,215
Nakano
314,750
Shinjuku ward
305,716
Shinjuku ward
286,726
Shinjuku ward
279,048
Shinjuku ward
296,790
Shinjuku ward
332,722
Shinjuku ward
343,928
Koto Ward
355,382
Koto Ward
355,835
Toshima ward
373,126
Sumida-ku
331,843
Nakano
289,165
Minato-ku
216,120
Nakano
168,215
14Toshima ward
291,167
Toshima ward
284,678
Meguro
264,064
Meguro
250,140
Toshima ward
246,252
Toshima ward
261,870
Toshima ward
278,455
Toshima ward
288,626
Toshima ward
321,078
Toshima ward
354,427
Koto Ward
359,672
Edogawa-ku
316,593
Koto Ward
277,971
Nakano
213,461
Minato-ku
164,966
15Meguro
277,622
Meguro
268,330
Toshima ward
250,585
Toshima ward
249,017
Meguro
243,100
Meguro
251,222
Meguro
269,166
Meguro
273,791
Meguro
285,003
Meguro
295,612
Sumida-ku
317,856
Taito
318,889
Edogawa-ku
254,771
Edogawa-ku
208,861
Shinjuku ward
153,924
16Sumida-ku
256,274
Sumida-ku
247,606
Sumida-ku
231,173
Sumida-ku
215,979
Sumida-ku
215,681
Sumida-ku
222,944
Shibuya Ward
242,442
Shibuya Ward
247,035
Shibuya Ward
263,815
Sumida-ku
281,237
Meguro
298,774
Nerima-ku
305,628
Minato-ku
254,592
Meguro
204,382
Toshima ward
149,597
17Minato-ku
243,283
Bunkyo ku
206,626
Shibuya Ward
203,334
Shibuya Ward
196,682
Shibuya Ward
188,472
Shibuya Ward
205,625
Sumida-ku
229,986
Sumida-ku
232,796
Sumida-ku
250,714
Shibuya Ward
274,491
Taito
286,324
Meguro
293,763
Meguro
253,941
Arakawa
201,248
Bunkyo ku
144,858
18Shibuya Ward
224,533
Minato-ku
205,131
Arakawa
191,207
Arakawa
180,468
Arakawa
176,886
Arakawa
184,809
Bunkyo ku
195,876
Bunkyo ku
202,351
Arakawa
217,905
Arakawa
247,013
Shibuya Ward
283,730
Arakawa
285,480
Arakawa
253,323
Bunkyo ku
190,746
Arakawa
144,837
19Bunkyo ku
219,724
Shibuya Ward
204,492
Bunkyo ku
189,632
Bunkyo ku
176,017
Bunkyo ku
172,474
Bunkyo ku
181,269
Minato-ku
194,591
Minato-ku
201,257
Bunkyo ku
216,250
Taito
240,769
Arakawa
278,412
Shibuya Ward
282,687
Shibuya Ward
243,410
Koto Ward
182,489
Chuo-ku
139,179
20Arakawa
212,264
Arakawa
203,296
Minato-ku
185,861
Minato-ku
159,398
Taito
153,918
Taito
162,969
Arakawa
190,061
Arakawa
198,126
Minato-ku
209,492
Bunkyo ku
234,326
Bunkyo ku
253,449
Minato-ku
267,024
Bunkyo ku
236,971
Shibuya Ward
181,244
Shibuya Ward
131,682
21Taito
198,073
Taito
175,928
Taito
165,186
Taito
156,325
Minato-ku
144,885
Minato-ku
158,499
Taito
176,804
Taito
186,048
Taito
207,649
Minato-ku
223,978
Minato-ku
241,539
Bunkyo ku
259,383
Nerima-ku
185,814
Chuo-ku
161,925
Nerima-ku
111,792
22Chuo-ku
141,183
Chuo-ku
122,762
Chuo-ku
98,399
Chuo-ku
72,526
Chuo-ku
63,923
Chuo-ku
68,041
Chuo-ku
79,973
Chuo-ku
82,700
Chuo-ku
90,097
Chuo-ku
103,850
Chuo-ku
128,017
Chuo-ku
161,299
Chuo-ku
171,316
Nerima-ku
125,197
Koto Ward
96,870
23Chiyoda Ward
58,406
Chiyoda Ward
47,115
Chiyoda Ward
41,778
Chiyoda Ward
36,035
Chiyoda Ward
34,780
Chiyoda Ward
39,472
Chiyoda Ward
50,493
Chiyoda Ward
54,801
Chiyoda Ward
61,656
Chiyoda Ward
74,185
Chiyoda Ward
93,047
Chiyoda Ward
116,944
Chiyoda Ward
122,745
Chiyoda Ward
110,348
Chiyoda Ward
89,681
Census population (Prewar・ October 10st of each year)
1940
Showa 15 Year
1935
Showa 10 Year
1930
Showa 5 Year
1925
14th year of Taisho
1920
9th year of Taisho
Japan71,933,00069,254,14864,450,00559,736,82255,963,053
all7,354,9716,369,9195,408,6784,485,1443,699,428
Ward6,778,8045,895,8824,986,9134,109,1133,358,186
1【Ota-ku】
531,784
【Sumida-ku】
464,892
【Taito】
415,672
【Taito】
404,754
【Taito】
439,596
2【Sumida-ku】
479,809
【Taito】
464,217
【Sumida-ku】
390,843
【Shinjuku ward】
339,360
【Minato-ku】
330,004
3【Taito】
460,254
【Koto Ward】
385,222
【Shinjuku ward】
357,655
【Sumida-ku】
327,604
【Sumida-ku】
320,695
4【Shinagawa】
419,403
【Shinjuku ward】
375,848
【Minato-ku】
322,487
【Minato-ku】
320,541
【Shinjuku ward】
290,398
5【Koto Ward】
419,154
【Shinagawa】
366,125
【Koto Ward】
319,786
【Bunkyo ku】
287,699
【Bunkyo ku】
282,080
6【Shinjuku ward】
394,480
【Ota-ku】
348,941
【Shinagawa】
311,604
【Koto Ward】
273,384
【Chuo-ku】
269,812
7【Arakawa】
351,281
【Minato-ku】
337,333
【Bunkyo ku】
288,242
【Shinagawa】
232,447
【Koto Ward】
254,324
8【Kita】
351,009
【Arakawa】
326,210
【Arakawa】
280,616
【Chuo-ku】
225,365
【Chiyoda Ward】
217,682
9【Minato-ku】
336,312
【Bunkyo ku】
288,350
【Ota-ku】
245,457
【Arakawa】
218,428
【Shibuya Ward】
137,207
10【Toshima ward】
312,209
【Kita】
285,561
【Chuo-ku】
239,533
【Toshima ward】
198,075
【Arakawa】
121,412
11【Bunkyo ku】
300,801
【Toshima ward】
268,015
【Toshima ward】
236,701
【Shibuya Ward】
190,774
【Shinagawa】
121,077
12【Setagaya】
281,804
【Chuo-ku】
261,205
【Kita】
227,419
【Chiyoda Ward】
184,908
【Toshima ward】
109,803
13【Shibuya Ward】
256,706
【Shibuya Ward】
234,850
【Shibuya Ward】
213,533
【Kita】
166,863
【Kita】
94,729
14【Suginami】
245,435
【Setagaya】
210,701
【Chiyoda Ward】
188,687
【Ota-ku】
152,005
【Ota-ku】
78,522
15【Chuo-ku】
244,046
【Chiyoda Ward】
197,233
【Setagaya】
149,323
【Adachi-ku】
89,226
【Adachi-ku】
60,780
16【Itabashi ku】練
233,115
【Suginami】
190,217
【Suginami】
134,529
【Setagaya】
87,965
【Setagaya】
39,952
17【Adachi-ku】
231,246
【Nakano】
178,383
【Nakano】
134,098
【Nakano】
85,294
【Edogawa-ku】
39,386
18【Nakano】
214,117
【Adachi-ku】
174,612
【Adachi-ku】
127,507
【Suginami】
65,981
【Itabashi ku】
31,615
19【Meguro】
198,795
【Meguro】
152,187
【Meguro】
108,208
【Edogawa-ku】
64,530
【Nakano】
29,198
20【Chiyoda Ward】
186,699
【Itabashi ku】練
150,868
【Edogawa-ku】
96,971
【Meguro】
63,019
【Katsushika】
27,661
21【Edogawa-ku】
177,304
【Edogawa-ku】
129,230
【Katsushika】
84,456
【Itabashi ku】
50,746
【Meguro】
22,287
22【Katsushika】
153,041
【Katsushika】
105,682
【Itabashi ku】
72,080
【Katsushika】
49,415
【Nerima-ku】
21,867
23--【Nerima-ku】
41,506
【Nerima-ku】
30,730
【Suginami】
18,099

Economy

Japan's largest economic city

City center and sub-center

City center

"TokyoCity centerThere is no clear and unified definition for. It is ambiguous depending on the context, literature and regulations. The "city center 3 wards" and "city center 5 wards" used by the media, government, and the real estate industry are not official classifications set by the Tokyo Metropolitan Government.Coined word for convenienceIs. In the center of the special wardChiyoda Ward,Chuo-kuBesides, south of the cityMinato-ku"City center 3 wards" including, and the entire ward is included in the old city of TokyoBunkyo ku,TaitoIt may also be called "city center 5 wards" including.

In recent years, the distinction between office districts, downtown areas, and residential areas has become ambiguous, such as the opening of commercial facilities in office districts and the construction of condominiums and office buildings in commercial districts. Although it is not a formal division, the city center may refer to the city center 3 wards, the city center 5 wards, the city center 7 wards, the city center 8 wards, etc., or the idea of ​​referring to the city center 11 wards inside the Metropolitan Expressway. If you count the cities, it will be huge (City centerreference). In addition, "Joto," "Johnan," "Johsai," and "Johoku," which show the direction from the Imperial Palace, are also the administrative districts that actually existed in the former Tokyo city.Joto(Koto WardExcept for the eastern part), there is no official range. Therefore, the classification is different for each trader or company.

Fukutoshin

Unlike "city center" where the range is ambiguousFukutoshinIs a formal one formulated by the Tokyo Metropolitan Government.Shinjuku Fukutoshin,Shibuya Fukutoshin,Ikebukuro Fukutoshin,Ueno/Asakusa Fukutoshin,Kinshicho/Kameido Fukutoshin,Osaki subcenter,Coastal subcenterThere are 7 areas. In particular, Shinjuku, Shibuya, and Ikebukuro are called the "three major subcenters."

office Street

OtemachiからMarunouchi,Kasumigaseki,Shiodome,RoppongiAs an office district, the head offices of large corporations and central ministries and agencies are located in the area, and it is the economic and administrative center of Japan. BesidesShinagawa,Nishi-ShinjukuThe sub-centers such as are also office districts. According to an office real estate market research conducted by the CB Richard Ellis (now CBRE) Group in June 2009, central Tokyo isUK OfWest EndDistrict andニ ュ ー ヨ ー ク OfMidtownIt surpasses the district and is rated as the highest office price in the world[15].

Commercial area / downtown

Department storeCommercial areas where many specialty stores and commercial buildings are locatedShinjukuarea,Ikebukuroarea,Shibuyaarea,Harajuku-Aoyama-Omotesandoarea,Ginza-Yurakuchoarea,Tokyo Station-NihonbashiArea[3],Asakusa-(I.e.The seven major areas of the area are the main areas. In particular, Shinjuku has a huge downtown area and boasts the highest annual sales in Japan. In addition, Ginzaニ ュ ー ヨ ー ク OfFifth Avenue,Paris OfChamps-ElyséesAt the same time, it is known worldwide as a brand street lined with luxury department stores, luxury shops, and brand flagship stores.

Another famous city (business district) isRoppongi-Akasaka-Azabuarea,Ebisu-Daikanyamaarea,Akihabara,Odaiba,Shinbashi,Jiyugaoka,Kanda,Jimbo,Kagurazaka,Takadanobaba,Koenji,Kamata,Kitasenju,Kinshicho,Shimokitazawa-Sankenjayaarea,Sugamo,中,Akabane,GotandaIs also a famous city.

Telecommunications

Mass media

Broadcaster

radio

Life base

life line

Telegraph

Phone Number

In the XNUMX wards of TokyoArea codeas03Is used. However, due to NTT's accommodation buildingSetagayaAdjacent toKomaeAnd most ofChofu City-Mitaka CityIt is also used in some areas of.Kanagawa-Saitama-ChibaAdjacent toAmagasakiBut also usedOsaka06Unlike, it is not used outside of Tokyo. The city code of the XNUMX wards of Tokyo is1960(35)2/7From 3 digits (before that, 2 digits.1956(31)7/27Since then, the number of telephone subscribers has been increased to three digits from the opening of the accommodation building), but it has become impossible to cope with the rapid increase in the number of target telephone subscribers.1988(63)2/8From, the 5-digit ones starting with 4 were started to be used in stages, mainly for new subscribers.1991From January 3st (Heisei 1), the existing 1-digit city code users were completely switched to 3 digits by changing to 3 digits by adding 4 before that. .. Also,2003From around (15), the number of four digits starting with 4 or 6 has increased.

In addition, Nerima WardNishioizumimachi TheSaitamaNiiza cityIn the regionEnclaveTherefore, the area code is the same as Niiza City.048Become[16].

Transportation

Air route

空港

Domestic flights
Tokyo International Airport(Haneda airport)
Ota-kuHanedaLocated in the districtFirst-class airport.. The entire Haneda area is positioned as the future core of Ota Ward, and the use of land that will be returned to the ward due to the offshore deployment of the airport is under consideration.
As an access routeTokyo Monorail Haneda LineとKeikyu Airport LineIs directly connected to the airport.
MoreTokyo International AirportSee the item.
International flights
Haneda Airport was re-internationalized on October 2010, 10, with the start of service of the fourth runway and a new international terminal. As a result, regular international flights of airlines other than Taiwan have entered service for the first time in 21 years.
Until now, it was treated as a regular charter flightPeople's Republic of China,South Korea,Hong Kong,TaiwanThe route to the destination was upgraded to a regular flight and the number of flights was increased.
For international flights other than those departing from and arriving at Haneda AirportChibaNarita City OfNarita International Airport(Narita Airport) is the closest.
Narita Airport is in the basement of Terminal 1 BuildingNarita Airport Station, In Terminals 2 and 3Airport Terminal 2 StationHas been installed,JR Narita LineとKeisei Main LineBelongs to.
Therefore, as an access routeJR East Tokyo StationTrains that connect directly to the airport from each route that departs and arrives atNarita Express(NEX) and rapid,Keisei Electric Railway TheSkylinerとAccess limited express, Limited express is operated respectively.
MoreNarita International AirportSee the item.

Train

There are many railway networks in the XNUMX wards of Tokyo. Central stationTokyo Station.. BesidesShinjuku Station-Shibuya Station-Ikebukuro Station-Shinagawa Station-Kitasenju Station-Ueno StationEtc. in each area of ​​the XNUMX wardsTerminal stationFunctions as.

Main station

JR

All JR stations in the XNUMX wards of TokyoSpecific city areaStation in Tokyo Ward of the system "AreaBelong to.

East Japan Railway(JR East)
Shinkansen jre.svg
Tohoku Shinkansen
JT
Tokaido Line
JO
Yokosuka Line
JK
Keihin Tohoku Line
JY
Yamanote Line(All lines)
■ center lane
JU
Utsunomiya Line-Takasaki Line
  • Tokyo Station-Ueno Station- Oku Station -Akabane Station
■ Joban Line
■ Sobu Line
JE
Keiyo Line
JA
Saikyo Line
JS
Shonan Shinjuku Line
  • Nishi-Oi Station-Osaki Station-Ebisu Station-Shibuya Station-Shinjuku Station-Ikebukuro Station-Akabane Station
Tokai passenger railway(JR Tokai)
Shinkansen jrc.svg
Tokaido Shinkansen
  • Tokyo Station-Shinagawa Station

Private railway, subway, public transportation, third sector

Keio Electric Railway(Keio)
KO
Keio Line
KO
Keio New Line(All lines)
IN
Inokashira Line
Tokyu Corporation(Tokyu)
TY
Toyoko Line
MG
Meguro Line
DT
Denentoshi Line
OM
Oimachi Line
IK
Ikegami Line(All lines)
TM
Tokyu Tamagawa Line(All lines)
SG
Setagaya Line(All lines)
Odakyu Electric Railway(Odakyu)
OH
Odawara Line
Tobu Railway(Tobu)
TS
Isesaki Line(Tobu Sky Tree Line)
TS
Kameido Line(All lines)
TS
Daishi Line(All lines)
TJ
Tojo Line
Seibu Railway(Seibu)
SI
Ikebukuro Line
SI
Toshima Line(All lines)
  • Nerima Station-Toshimaen Station
SI
Seibu Yurakucho Line(All lines)
SS
Shinjuku Line
Keikyu Corporation(Keikyu)
KK
Main line
KK
Airport line(All lines)
Keisei Electric Railway(Keisei)
KS
Main line
KS
Push-up line(All lines)
KS
Kanamachi Line(All lines)
Hokuso Railway
HS
Hokuso Line
Tokyo Seaside High Speed ​​Rail
R
Rinkai line(All lines)
Saitama High Speed ​​Rail
SR Saitama Stadium Line
Metropolitan New City Railway
Tsukuba Express mark.svg
Tsukuba Express
Tokyo subway(Tokyo Metro)
G
Ginza Line(All lines)
M
Marunouchi Line(All lines)
Mb
Marunouchi Line (Honancho Branch Line) (All Lines)
H
Hibiya Line(All lines)
T
東西 線
C
Chiyoda Line(All lines)
Y
Yurakucho Line(Wakoshi StationAll lines except
Z
Hanzomon Line(All lines)
N
Namboku Line(All lines)
F
Fukutoshin Line(All lines except Wakoshi Station)
Tokyo Metropolitan Bureau of Transportation(Toei Subway-Toden-New transportation system)
A
Asakusa Line(All lines)
I
Mita Line(All lines)
S
Shinjuku Line(Motoyawata StationAll lines except
E
Oedo Line(All lines)
SA Toden Arakawa Line (Tokyo Sakura Tram)(All lines)
NT Nippori Toneri Liner(All lines)
Tokyo Monorail
MO Haneda Airport Line(All lines)
Yurikamome
U
Tokyo Seaside New Transportation Seaside Line(All lines)

bus

Transit Bus

List the businesses that have routes that are completed within the 23 wards. From outside the 23 wardsExpress BusI will omit the business operators who board the route.

Each ward is involvedCommunity busabout,List of Japanese community buses #Special wards / islandsSee.

道路

highway

National road

Listed clockwise from the south direction (along Tokyo Bay) to the east direction (along Tokyo Bay).

Route

Port

Tokyo Port
Facing Tokyo Bay in the eastern part of the 23 wardsPort.. It is managed by the capital. According to the Minato Law, it is called "Keihin Port Tokyo Ward" and is adjacent to the northern part of "Keihin Port Kawasaki Ward".
One of Japan's major international trading portsYokohama portWithSuper central portIt is designated by the country as.
MoreTokyo PortSee the item.

Water-bus

  • Tokyo sightseeing steamer
    • Asakusa / Odaiba direct line (commonly known as Himiko route)
    • Sumida River Line, etc.
  • Tokyo waterside line
    • Ryogoku / Odaiba Cruise, etc.
    • Nagisa Course (Akigase-Kawaguchi-Horikiri-Kasai Rinkai Park)
    • Rainbow Course (Kasai Rinkai Park-Odaiba Marine Park)
    • Nagisa Rainbow Course (Akigase --Kawaguchi --Horikiri --Kasai Rinkai Park --Odaiba Kaihin Park)
  • Urban lunch

License plate

Classification of Tokyo Transport Bureau

The wards are divided as follows (Tokyo Transport BureauSee also).

Shinagawa number
  • Chiyoda Ward, Chuo Ward, Minato Ward, Shinagawa Ward, Meguro Ward, Ota Ward, Shibuya Ward (including islands here)
Nerima number
  • Shinjuku Ward, Bunkyo Ward, Nakano Ward, Toshima Ward, Kita Ward, Nerima Ward
Adachi number
  • Taito Ward, Sumida Ward, Arakawa Ward, Adachi Ward, Edogawa Ward
Setagaya number (Local number)
  • Setagaya
Suginami number (local number)
  • Suginami
Itabashi number (local number)
  • Itabashi ku
Katsushika number (local number)
  • Katsushika
Koto number (local number)
  • Koto Ward

Tourism

Culture/Specialty

Gourmet

FranceTire makerMichelinThe gourmet book "Michelin Tokyo Japanese Edition 2008" published by the company was published in November 2007. This is the first time in Asia. In the 11 edition, 2008 of the 23 wards are targeted, and there are 8 8-star restaurants.ParisThe total number of stores that received stars was 150, which was the largest in the world, and the total number of stars was 191. General managerJean-Luc NareIs "TokyoIs the best gastronomic city in the world. "Reuters Communications"Paris andニ ュ ー ヨ ー ク,RomeI don't care anymore.Michelinaccording to,GourmetThe home ofTokyoThat's right[18]I was told.

In the 2010 edition, there were 11 stores with 42 stars, 144 stores with 261 stars, and XNUMX stores with XNUMX star, and the total number of stars was XNUMX which was the highest in history.[19].. Even with the number of three stars, it has surpassed 10 stores in Paris to become the number one in the world. Nare, the general manager of the Michelin Guide, said that "Tokyo is the capital of gastronomy in the world," and that Kyoto and Paris are in second place. In addition, Tokyo has four times as many restaurants as Paris, but the quality is also exceptionally acclaimed.[20].

Featured in the Michelin Guide
Number of stars in major cities[21]
cityTotal number of starsThree starsTwo starsXNUMX star
Japanese flag Tokyo2611142144
Japanese flag 京都11061366
French flag Paris99101441
Japanese flag Osaka7911252
United States flag ニ ュ ー ヨ ー ク715644
British flag UK471240
Hong Kong flag Hong Kong311714

footnote

[How to use footnotes]

注 釈

Source

  1. ^ From JIS X 0402
  2. ^ 27 Area adjustment by prefectures, cities, towns, and villages
  3. ^ Daijisen "Tokyo's XNUMX wards". It is explained using the word "area".
  4. ^ a b c Prefectural and government-designated cities Exploring the current state of metropolis administration "Nihon Keizai Shimbun" November 23, 11 Economic aspects of the Tokyo metropolitan area
  5. ^ "Multipolar Spatial Strategic Spatial Strategies Act (Act No. XNUMX of XNUMX) Article XNUMX: Relocation of national administrative agencies from the XNUMX wards of Tokyo, etc.". e-Gov Law Search.Administrative Management Bureau, Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications (June 2015, 9). 2020/1/23Browse. “April 2016, 4 enforcement”
  6. ^ a b About the XNUMXth ward system in Shubiki in XNUMX Koji Nakamoto "Bulletin of Tokyo Metropolitan Archives" (No. 4), pp.14-40, March 14
  7. ^ Only Hiroo, Azabu-ku was inside Meiji-dori, but later became Shibuya-mura.
  8. ^ Supreme Court En Banc Judgment March 38, 3 See Penal Collection Vol. 27, No. 17, p. 2.
  9. ^ 1875~1881 TheAkasaka WardAoi Tameike (Aoi Tameike)Minato-kuToranomon),1882~1922 TheKojimachi WardDaikancho(Imperial PalaceNorth Kashi Bridge Gatenear),1923~201412/1 TheChiyoda WardOtemachi,Year 201412/2After that, Chiyoda WardKitanomaru ParkObserved at.
  10. ^ "Normal value (value for each year/month)”. Japan Meteorological Agency. 2019/1Browse.
  11. ^ "Value of 1st to 10th in observation history (value throughout the year)”. Japan Meteorological Agency. 2019/1Browse.
  12. ^ Subdivision list of forecasts and warnings / warnings Japan Meteorological Agency (PDF)
  13. ^ "Attribution to an artificial island in Tokyo Bay, to finalize the decision = Ota Ward does not appeal, the Olympic venue is Koto Ward". Newsletter(July 2019, 10). https://www.jiji.com/jc/article?k=2019100301108 2019/10/7Browse. 
  14. ^ Tokyo Statistical Yearbook 18 2 Population 2-3 Population by region(Tokyo)
  15. ^ [1]
  16. ^ Nerima Town Development Information Magazine "Komorebi" No. 45 (PDF) (October 2011), Nerima Ward Urban Development Corporation Nerima Town Development Center
  17. ^ About prohibition of traffic in the city center such as large cargo Metropolitan Police Department Updated July 2018, 7. Retrieved August 31, 2020.
  18. ^ [2]
  19. ^ Michelin Tokyo XNUMX edition in XNUMX stores without XNUMX stars and Paris
  20. ^ Gourmet Tokyo, increased to XNUMX stars XNUMX-year Michelin Guide
  21. ^ Stars in major cities featured in the Michelin Guide

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