Tateyama Kurobe Alpine Route raises price by 870 yen from next spring Against the background of aging facilities
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Capital investment to maintain the business, such as maintenance and repair costs due to aging facilities, is continuously required, and chronic operating loss is an issue for both steel cable railways (cable cars) and buses.
Tateyama Kurobe Kanko draws fares on the Tateyama Cable Car, Kurobe Cable Car, and Tateyama Kogen Bus on the Tateyama Kurobe Alpine Route ... → Continue reading
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Wikipedia related words
If there is no explanation, there is no corresponding item on Wikipedia.
The equipment to be invested isTangible fixed assets(Of the assets used over a long period of time, machines for producing semiconductor manufacturing equipment, buildings such as offices and shops, vehicles for transportation, tool equipment, etc.),Intangible fixed assets(Of the assets used over the long term,software,Telephone subscription right,Patent-商標Rights, etc.)
When discussing business fixed investment, tangible fixed assets were often mentioned, but since the IT bubble, intangible fixed assets (mainly IT investment) have also come to the forefront.
Impact on macro economy
The amount of capital investment isMultiplier effectIncrease consumption, thus increasing economic demand. The increase in demand justifies the increase in production due to capital investment and brings about a golden state in which supply and demand grow together. Capital investment has a multiplier effect for the following reasons.
Investment for business companies that investCash flowIs only in the red, accountingDepreciationDo not go into the red. On the other hand, it will be sales for those who sell equipment and factories, which will be the salaries of employees and the profit of the company. In this way, the financial benefits of society as a whole are increased by investment. As a result, the economy as a whole is energized and consumption is increased.
On the other hand, if capital investment becomes sluggish, even if the cash flow is in the black, accounting profits may not be generated and the economy as a whole will be stagnant.
How it is used
Business fixed investment is used as an index for judging economic trends, and is used to check investment motivation based on business fixed investment plans and corporate profits.statisticsWhen looking at capital investment, there are differences such as the scope of the survey depending on the statistics and the handling of land purchase costs.
- Private enterprise capital stock (Cabinet Office）
- Machine Order Statistics (Cabinet Office)
- Capital investment survey (Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry）
- Corporate short-term economic observation survey(Bank of Japan）
- Small and medium manufacturing industry capital investment trend survey (Japan Finance Corporation）
Cable carIsMountainOn steep slopes, etc.Funicular(Cable) was connectedvehicleThewinchRoll up with etc.operationToTrain.Steel rope railwayAlso known as (Kousaku Tetsudo).In addition, it has excellent propulsion efficiency because it does not load power on the vehicle, and in recent years it has been excellent.Mountainous areaNot limited to use incity,空港Etc.輸送Also used for.
In someRopeway,Gondola liftEtc. "normalcablewayIs sometimes called a cable car,JapanThen "Steel rope railwayIs generally referred to as a cable car, and this section also describes only the steel cable railway.Hereinafter, the term "cable car" simply refers to "steel cable railway".Many Japanese cable carsRailway Business LawHas a railroad business license, but some cable carsamusement park OfPlay equipmentIt is treated orJapanese inn内 のエ レ ベ ー タ ーIt may be treated.In this section, Japanese cable cars are basically the Railway Business Law (formerlyLocal Railway Law), But cable cars that can be used by the general public without being based on the Railway Business Law are listed as much as possible.
Englishで Cable car Speaking of it, it may refer to a cable car or ropeway as in Japanese,American EnglishSo in generalSan Francisco cable carAs seen inOrbitRefers to the "circulation cable car" of a system that moves by having many vehicles grab and release a cable that is constantly moving underneath., The system is completely different from the "interchangeable cable car" that is seen in Japan where the two cars move up and down alternately.The crossing cable car in EnglishイタリアVesuvius funicular wire OfFunicolareDerived fromCable carIt is common to call it (Funicular)(Related item:),British EnglishAtCable carRefers to the ropeway.
The main methods are as follows.
- Crossing type (Tsurube type)
- Connect the vehicle to both ends of one long steel cable (cable),well OfFishing bottleWhen one vehicle is pulled up by operating a hoisting device consisting of an electric motor, a transmission, a hoisting wheel, and a braking device, the other vehicle comes down.OneCounter weightSome (dummy weights) are operated by one car (example:Kuramayama Steel Cable Railway).Japanese cable cars do not have crossing facilities, including counterweightsSeikan Tunnel Ryuhi Diversion LineMost of them are currently this method except for the above.
- Circulation type
- A method in which a ring-shaped steel rope is grasped from the vehicle and the steel rope is circulated to move the vehicle.Release the funicular when you stop.You can also drive multiple trains and drive on flat terrain.America-San FranciscoIt is inSan Francisco cable carIs this method.It doesn't exist in Japan,1989 OfYokohama ExpoYokohama SK's "moving bench" that appeared in the above was once licensed as a circular steel cable railway under the Railway Business Law for a limited time.
- Double single wire type
- A method in which steel ropes are stretched on both sides of a single-track, one-line track without an intercourse device, and only simple vertical winding is performed, and a vehicle with only one track and one train is operated.HokkaidoSapporo OfMt. MoiwaThere is an example of adoption in the mini cable car "Morris Car" in.
On the track of a crossing type (sliding type) cable carSingle lineWith the crossing ceremonyDouble trackThere is a crossing ceremony.In the double-track crossing type (double-track two-car crossing type), two vehicles (or two trains) go up and down different tracks.Of the single-track crossing type, in the single-track two-car crossing type that operates with two vehicles (or two trains), the intermediate point is a double trackVehicle crossingCan be done.Of this trackBranchHas no moving parts.This is because the wheel on one side of the vehicleFlangeThe other wheel is a flat wheel without a flange on the groove wheel that sandwiches the rail, so that it can naturally travel on different tracks just by guiding the groove wheel without operating from the outside. is there. (Carl Roman AbtInvented by Apt Switch)
Even if it is called a double track, it is not necessarily a double track type, but a line of single track type (Single line parallelThere is also a formula).KintetsuIkoma Steel CableThe Hozanji Line is lined with two single-track, two-car, two-car cable cars.
It is best to construct the track of the crossing cable car so that the steepest slope is near the end on the upper side of the mountain and the gentlest slope is near the end on the lower side of the mountain.Since the vehicle is also stopped by operating the hoisting device, the stop operation can be smoothly performed if the resistance increases as the vehicle approaches the stop position.If the alignment does not follow this, it will be difficult to operate the hoist when stopped.
A lot of powerelectricityThe method of moving the hoisting device is adopted, but there is also a method of loading a water tank on the vehicle, filling it with water, draining the water with the weight of the water, and pulling up the other vehicle.In the case of the one-car crossing type, one is a weight, so if it is lighter than the weight after draining water, it will rise, and if it becomes heavier with water, it will fall.This water gravity type is unprecedented in Japan under the Railway Business Law, but as an amusement facilityKochiAki DistrictBaji villageThere is something.
Since the vehicle is pulled from the outside and driven, there is no need to supply electric power for power, but for interior lighting, automatic doors, etc.battery,Overhead wire,Third railPower is supplied from such sources.pantographThat is why some vehicles are marked with.As a power source for door closures and brakesair compressorIn some cases, it is equipped with an electric hydraulic pump.
The structure of the vehicle is such that the floor is horizontal with respect to the slope.parallelogramInside the car using a carStairsIt is often shaped or there is a large space between the floor of the guest room and the wheels on the foot of the mountain.For special thingsHokkaidoSapporo-Mt. MoiwaMini cable car (Morisu car) on the chassis with "∧" shaped columnsGondola liftTwo cabins that resemble a carrier are suspended to keep the cabin level at all times regardless of the inclination.
Even if it has an overhead wire, there are cases where there is only one overhead wire and there are cases where there are two overhead wires.In the case of two, one is for power supply and the other is for communication.
In many cases, the tracks inside both terminal stations have a pit structure for vehicle inspection and maintenance.Although the vehicle has no power, it is operated on a steep slope, so great care must be taken in checking and servicing the cable fixing device and braking device together with the cable itself and the hoisting machine.
Of the cable carGaugeIn Japan, there is no direct connection to other railways, so you can decide freely, but it is often advantageous to use general-purpose products such as sleepers.JRMany of them use the same 1067mm gauge as the above.In the world, as an example of direct connection with other railwaysイタリア OfTrieste City OfTramThere is, and the cable car is used as an auxiliary machine to climb the slope in the steep slope section.
The crew members on board the crossing cable car are always on board in front of them.What's more, where there are crew members, it looks like a carhandleThere are often circular or crank-shaped handles like this.For this reason, oftenDriverIs misunderstood, but in reality, "conductor"Is on board in front for confirmation of the front, and the" driver "is packed in the driver's cab at the station on the mountain side and operates the hoisting device.The circular or crank-shaped handlebrake(For prevention of rolling during detentionHand brakeIt is also used for emergency stop when a failure such as a fallen tree occurs on the track), and corresponds to the side brake of an automobile.Brake pneumatic orhydraulicWhen activated, a small emergency cock or pedal will be placed in the crew seat instead of the steering wheel.As a brake, it is equipped with an emergency brake mechanism that automatically operates by detecting cable disconnection, loosening, or overspeed, and sandwiches the rail with a wedge-shaped brake so that it can stop even if it runs out of control on a steep slope. I am taking the method.The crew seats are also equipped with communication receivers and lighting switches for contacting the driver's office, and air pressure gauges / oil pressure gauges, broadcasting equipment, etc. when air pressure or oil pressure is used for the brakes.
The name cable car is usually used for steel rope railroads for passenger business, but industrially constructed steel rope railroads (that is, freight cable cars) are usually referred to as inclines (English: incline, slope (railway)) ).It is often used for transporting timber in mountainous areas and transporting materials and equipment at dam construction sites.
As a permanent establishment existing in Japan, the end of the Kurobe tunnelKurobegawa Fourth Power StationTieKansai Electric PowerIncline and Umaji Village, Aki District, Kochi PrefectureKanagawaAiko-gunAikawa Town-Kiyokawa Village OfMiyagase DamThere are things like that in.Outside of JapanThe United States of AmericaPennsylvaniaSouthwestern cityPittsburghTwo inclines are known in.
One of the most well-known case studies in the past in Japan1891から1948Was operated up toLake Biwa CanalIncline (Kicking Incline・ At Fushimi Incline), ships come and go between waterways with different heights, so at Keage InclineKyoto CityA track was laid in the inclined section between the Nanzenji harbor and the rise of the ship, and the ship was placed on a trolley called a "ship receiving frame" towed by a wire and raised and lowered.
In addition, the above-mentioned cable car in Umaji Village and Duquesne Incline in Pittsburgh (Duquesne Incline) And Monongaheira Incline ()Monongahela Incline), The name of "incline" may be used as it is in cases where an incline constructed for industrial use is diverted or restored for passenger use.The Kurobegawa Daiyon Power Station Incline has a detachable cabin cabin, and when the cabin cabin is removed, a huge loading platform appears, enabling the transportation of large cargo.
Already in the first half of the 19th century in mines throughout EnglandStationary steam engineIt is used to carry out ore and coal using the company, and opened in 1825.Stockton and Darlington RailwayBut most of the routesStationary steam engineI was winding up the rope.. On July 1869, 7New OrleansでPGT BorigardDemonstrated a cable car propelled by grabbing and releasing an overhead circulating rope invented by..He patented on November 1869, 11.1880, Italy Vesuvius mountain railway "Vesuvius funicular wireOpened (discontinued in 1984).
The oldest surviving cable car in the world is in San Francisco1873Is a cable car built in..In San Francisco, where there are many steep slopes, engineer Andrew Smith HarladyCarriageInvented and built as an alternative transportation system..After that, even outside the area with steep slopesTramBuilt as a public transport equivalent to in the United States and even in major cities outside the United States..Construction was also underway as a public transportation system in the mountains.
History of Japanese cable car
in Japan1918Ikoma Cable Car Railway (currently) opened inKintetsu Ikoma Steel Cable Line) Is the first.Taisho eraFrom the endShowa periodEarlyRopewayIt was built all over the country.HoweverShowa DepressionNew construction has ceased due to the sharp decrease in tourism demand due toSecond World WarMost of the cable car routes were originally intended for tourism due to the deterioration of the war situation at the end of the period.Unnecessary emergency lineWas designated as, and was forced to pause.The only survivors were those with a town on the mountain and in demand other than tourism.
After the war, the demand for tourism increased with the recovery and improvement of living standards from around the 1950s, so the lines that had been suspended as unnecessary non-urgent lines were revived or new lines were constructed.However, since the 1970s, it can be constructed on any terrain, with less land acquisition and less environmental damage.RopewayHowever, new construction of the cable car has stopped due to the fact that it has become the leading role in the newly constructed mountaineering transportation system and domestic tourism demand has peaked.HeiseiWhen you entermotorization(Many cable car routes have parallel sightseeing mountaineering roads), domestic tourism demand has declined, and tourism styles have changed. The number of passengers has started to decrease due to factors such as being affected.Also, unlike the ropeway, there is currently no mass production or new design of cable cars in Japan, so it may take a lot of money to renew old equipment, so equipment is imported from abroad and renewed. In some cases, the route was abolished because it could not bear the financial burden.
In the past, some of the cable cars laid inside the inn were treated as official railways based on the Local Railway Law, but now they are huge.エ レ ベ ー タ ー,escalatorHas become possible to install, and all have been abolished.Those that are not treated as railroads still exist in various places, but they are gradually being used for slopes.monorail(Slope car) Tends to be replaced.
Cable car as a new transportation system
In 1873San FranciscoでByCarriage trainDeveloped as an alternative to, Used in the United States as an urban transport system from the end of the 19th century to the beginning of the 20th century.At that time, it was a small, high-powered tram that was still used for trams.electric motorWasn't enough yet, so it was a stationary type called a power station.Steam engineThere is a background that the cable car using the hoist (operated by) was effective..High performanceTramMost of the cable cars as urban transportation ended operation in the early 20th century due to the spread of.
In recent years, it can be operated automatically with relatively simple vehicles and equipment in the field of short-distance transportation.New transportation systemIs part ofHorizontal elevatorDemand is increasing. Mini metro,Cable linerAnd was once operated in JapanYokohama Expo OfSK system,Hiroshima cityAki Ward OfSuspended monorailIsSky rail,Hovertrain OfNarita Airport Terminal 2 Shuttle SystemThere is also such an example.
- Since no power is mounted on the vehicle, the vehicle can be simplified and lightened.
- Since the vehicle does not run on its own, wheel wear is suppressed compared to a power vehicle.
- Like the conventional cable car, it is structurally suitable for unmanned operation.
- Difficult to overtake due to structure
- Ground equipment is complicated
- Congestion and waiting time occur when the distance is short and there are many passengers
List of Japanese cable cars
Cable car according to the Railway Business Law
Railway Business LawThe cable car business routes in Japan based on are as follows.
- The year of suspension and resumption does not include short-term suspension of operation for less than one year due to equipment renewal work or disasters.
|Yamana etc.||Business name||Route name||Line nickname||Gauge|
|Maximum gradient||Minimum gradient||Difference in height|
|Seikan TunnelExperience tunnel||Seikan Tunnel Memorial||Seikan Tunnel Ryuhi Diversion Line||914||778||250 ‰||250 ‰||1988||No crossing facilities|
|Mt. Tsukubasan||Tsukuba Tourist Railway||Mt. Tsukubasan Steel Cable Railway Line||Mt. Tsukubasan Cable Car||1,067||1,634||358 ‰||207 ‰||495||1925||1944Abolished,1954Restart|
|Mt. Takaosan||Takao Tozan Electric Railway||Takao steel cord wire||Mt. Takaosan Cable Car||1,067||1,020||608 ‰||105 ‰||271||1927||1944Pause,1949Restart|
|Mt. Ontake||Mitake mountain railway||Mt. Mitake cable car||1,049||1,107||470 ‰||250 ‰||424||1934||1944Pause,1951Restart|
|Mt. Hakone||Hakone Tozan Railway||Steel cable||Hakone Tozan Cable Car||983||1,240||200 ‰||126 ‰||214||1921||There are 4 intermediate stations|
|Mt. Ooyama||Mt. Ooyama Tourist Railway||Mt. Ooyama steel cord wire||Mt. Ooyama Cable Car||1,067||786||477 ‰||258 ‰||278||1931||There are 1 intermediate stations|
|Tokuni Pass||Izu Hakone Railway||Tokuni Steel Cable||Tokuni Pass Cable Car||1,435||317||408 ‰||233 ‰||101||1956|
|Tateyama(Kurobedaira)||Tateyama Kurobe||Steel cable||Kurobe Cable Car||1,067||828||587 ‰||407 ‰||373||1969|
|Tateyama(Bijo Daira)||Steel cable||Tateyama cable car||1,067||1,366||560 ‰||334 ‰||487||1954|
|Mt. Hiei(Enryakuji Temple）||Hieizan Railway||Hieizan Railway Line||Sakamoto cable||1,067||2,025||333 ‰||170 ‰||484||1927||There are 2 intermediate stations|
|Keifuku Electric Railway||Steel cable||Eizan cable||1,067||1,458||530 ‰||215 ‰||561||1925||1944Pause,1946Restart|
|Mt. Kurama||Kurama Temple||Kuramayama Steel Cable Railway||Kurama Temple Cable||800||207||499 ‰||499 ‰||89||1957||Counterweight installed under orbit|
|Kasamatsu Observatory||Tango sea land transportation||Amanohashidate Steel Railway||Amanohashidate Cable||1,067||391||461 ‰||78 ‰||115||1927||1944Abolished,1951Restart|
|Ikomayama||Kinki Nippon Railway||Ikoma Steel Cable||Ikoma Cable Hozanji Line||1,067||948||227 ‰||83 ‰||146||1918||Consists of two systems with single line parallel|
1944Single track,1953Re-double tracking
|Ikoma Cable Yamagami Line||1,067||1,124||333 ‰||256 ‰||322||1929||There are 2 intermediate stations|
|Takayasu||Nishinobu Takako Cableway||Nobutaka Nishi Cable||1,067||1,263||480 ‰||170 ‰||354||1930||1944Pause,1957Restart|
|Koyasan(Kongofuji Temple）||Nankai Electric Railway||Steel cable||Koyasan Cable||1,067||864||563 ‰||274 ‰||329||1930|
|Otokoyama (Iwashimizu Hachimangu）||Keihan Electric Railway||Steel cable||Otokoyama Cable||1,067||411||206 ‰||203 ‰||82||1926||1944Abolished,1955Restart|
|Mt.||Nose Electric Railway||Steel cable||Myoken no Mori Cable||1,435||666||424 ‰||151 ‰||229||1925||1944Abolished,1960Restart|
|Mt. Rokkosan||Mt. Rokkosan Tourism||Rokko cable line||Rokko cable||1,067||1,764||498 ‰||238 ‰||493||1932||1944Pause,1945Restart|
|Mt. Mayasan||Kobe Suma Town Development Corporation||Maya Cable Line||Maya Cable||1,067||964||547 ‰||208 ‰||312||1925||1944Pause,1955Restart|
|Five Mt. Tsurugisan||Shikoku cable||Yakuri Cable||1,067||684||288 ‰||181 ‰||167||1931||1944Pause,1964Restart|
|Sarakura||Sarakura Tozan Railway||Sail pillar cable line||Sarakurayama Cable Car||1,067||1,191||528 ‰||206 ‰||441||1957|
|Beppu Rakutenchi||Lactench||Beppu Lactench Cable Line||Rakutenchi cable||1,067||253||558 ‰||480 ‰||122||1929||1944Pause,1950Restart|
Gradient (‰) after the decimal point is rounded off
Cable car not based on the Railway Business Law
The following are Japanese cable car routes that do not comply with the Railway Business Law and are treated as in-facility railways, elevators, and amusement facilities.
- Of the opportunities that the general public can board, only the main ones are listed.
- Excludes what they call themselves "lift cars" or "elevators".
|route||Location||business person||the way||Gauge|
|Maximum gradient||Minimum gradient||Difference in height|
|Mt. MoiwaMini cable car||Mt. Moiwa||Sapporo Promotion Corporation||Iron wheel type (double single wire type)||224||73||Gondola liftA cable car with a capacity of 30 people, which is similar in shape to a carrier, and has two cabins suspended from the top of the columns to keep it level at all times.It is a type that simply reciprocates between the summit and the foot of the mountain with only one train and one line, and is called the world's first mini cable car with a drive system...Known as "Morris Car"|
|Kanouya Ryokan||Ikaho Hot Spring||Joint-stock company Kanoya Ryokan||Rubber tire type||37||40 degrees|
|Available to hotel guests and one-day bathers|
|Miyagase Incline||Miyagase Dam||Miyagase Dam Area Promotion Foundation||Rubber tire type||1,600||216||35 degrees|
|121||Closed on Mondays, complete double track|
|Kurobe Incline||Kurobegawa Fourth Power Station||Kansai Electric PowerLtd.||Iron wheel type||2,000||815||34 degrees|
|456||Kurobe routeIf you win the tour, you can get on the bus for free|
|Hotel Iya Onsen||Iya hot spring||Iyakei Onsen Tourism Co., Ltd.||Rubber tire type||250||42 degrees|
|170||Available to hotel guests and one-day bathers|
|Hotel Kazurabashi||Kazurabashi Onsen||Taniguchi Brothers Shokai Co., Ltd.||Rubber tire type||Available for hotel guests and one-day bathers ・ Japanese-style vehicles|
|Umaji Forest Railway Incline||Baji village||Umaji Forest Railway Running Association||Rubber tire type||92||34 degrees|
|50||Operates only on weekends except summer ・ Hydraulic type ・ Brake is Riggenbach typeRack railNumber|
Abolished cable car
The abolished routes of Japanese cable cars based on the Railway Business Law (or the former Local Railway Law) are as follows.The suspension / abolition date is the day after the last business day.Excludes those that have been revived later, including cases by the successor company.
- Mie traffic Steel cable(Former Asamagatake Mountain Railway)-Opened on August 1925, 8. Suspended on January 26, 1944 (at that time Shinto Kotsu).. Abolished on July 1962, 7.
- At the time of business, it was the steepest slope in the Orient.
- Mt. Atagoyama Railway Steel cable --Opened on July 1929, 7. Abolished on February 25, 1944.
- Myomi Steel Cable Railway Top line --Opened on July 1925, 8. Abolished on February 1, 1944.
- The trace of the abandoned line is diverted to the Myoken no Mori lift.
- Chopsticks mountain climbing railway --Opened on July 1930, 6. Abolished on February 18, 1944.
- The trace of the abandoned lineChopsticks mountain ropewayHowever, the route was partially changed by the renewal in 1998.
- China Inariyama Steel Cable Railway --Opened on July 1929, 2. Abolished on February 9, 1944.
- Ikaho Cable Railway --Opened on September 1929, 9. Paused on February 6, 1944, Reopened on August 1961, 8. Closed on July 13, 1966, Abolished on December 1966, 12.
- Akagi Mountain Railway --Opened on July 1957, 7. Closed on November 21, 1967, Abolished on December 1968, 6.
- Tobu Railway Nikko Funicular Railway Line --Opened on July 1932, 8. Abolished on February 28, 1970.
- [Current Genmyoan] (Genmyoan Romancecar) --Miyazu City, Kyoto Prefecture (Amanohashidate）
- [Current Hotel Urashima] (Noroshiyama Cable Car) --Nachikatsuura Town, Higashimuro District, Wakayama Prefecture (Nanki Katsuura Onsen）
- Hotel Urashima's on-site route on the Smoke Peninsula (Akashima-Smoke Mountain 0.1km).
- Opened in August 1961 from Urashima Onsen, the owner of the hotel..Abolished on April 1976, 4 due to the completion of the elevator connecting the same section.
- An escalator was installed at the abandoned railway track.
- Hyoe Ryokan[Current Hyoe Koyokaku] (Hyoe Ryokan Funicular Railway) --Kobe City, Hyogo Prefecture (Arima Onsen）
- In-facility route of Hyoe Koyokaku, a hot spring inn in Arima Onsen (between Mannen, Horai, and Koyokaku, 0.1km).
- Opened in March 1960 by Hyoe Ryokan, the owner of the inn.Abolished on March 3, 1980 due to the complete renovation of the facility.
- A part of the abandoned railway track was diverted to the emergency evacuation route of the inn.
- Wakayama sightseeing[Ryokan Ninomaru (closed business)] (Shingu sightseeing lift car) --Shingu City, Wakayama Prefecture (Shingu Castle Ruins）
- Ryokan Ninomaru's in-facility route at the site of Shingu Castle (Tanzaru-Ninomaru 0.1km).
- Opened in August 1954 by Shingu Tourism, which was the main owner of the inn. After being merged with Kintetsu Tourism in 8, it was transferred to Wakayama Tourism in 1964. With the closure of Ryokan Ninomaru in 1976, it will be virtually suspended thereafter. Officially suspended in October 1980 and abolished on January 1981, 10.
- Kinki Nippon Railway Higashi Shinki Steel Cable Line(Nobutaka Higashi Cable) --Opened May 1922, 5. Abolished on September 16, 1983.
- Sightseeing in Osaka Minoh Funicular Railway(Minoh Onsen Cable Car) --Minoh City, Osaka Prefecture (Minoh City, Osaka Prefecture)Minoh Hot Spring）
- Minoh Onsen Spa Garden on-site route (Yamashita-Yamagami 0.1km).
- Opened on October 1965, 10 by Osaka Tourism, which is the management body of the facility.Suspended on April 1, 1993 and abolished on July 4, 4 due to aging and transition to an observation elevator.
- While the in-facility routes in other inns were operated by vehicles with a capacity of about 10 people, this line has a capacity of 31 people and was operated by relatively large vehicles as in-facility routes in the inn..
- Yashima mountain railway Yashima Cable --Opened on September 1929, 4. Paused on February 21, 1944, Reopened on August 1950, 4. Closed on July 16, 2004, Abolished on December 2005, 8.
- Izu Hakone Railway Komagatake Steel Cable Line(Komagatake Cable Car) --Opened on November 1957, 11. Abolished on September 16, 2005.
Cable car operated for a limited time
Based on the limited-time business license of the Railway Business Law, the abolished routes of Japanese cable cars that were operated for a limited time are as follows.The suspension / abolition date is the day after the last business day.
- Yokohama SK "Moving Bench"-Yokohama City, Kanagawa Prefecture (Yokohama Minatomirai 21District) Opened on March 1989, 3, closed on October 25, 10.
- Held in 1989Yokohama ExpoIt operates for a limited time only during the exhibition period, and is a steel cable railway line based on a limited-time business license under the Railway Business Law (Sakuragicho Gate-Festival Square 0.7 km (651 m)).A route on a flat surface, not a general cable car that runs on a sloped route.Detail isSK systemandYokohama Exotic Showcase # Inside the venuechecking.
Unfinished cable car
- Sapporo Funicular Railway -Hokkaido Maruyama (Sapporo) Rejected in 1935
- Chugushi Electric Power-Tochigi Prefecture April 1922 License May 1926 Permission to abolish entrepreneurship
- Ryusaburo Uetake, the president, established Nikko Mountain Railway Co., Ltd. instead.Detail isTobu Nikko Funicular Railway Line #Historychecking ...
- --Ota Town, Nitta District, Gunma Prefecture Kanayama Yamashita-Yamagami June 1927 license Expired June 1929
- Chichibu Railway --Otaki Village, Chichibu District, Saitama Prefecture Licensed in December 1927 Expired June 1930
- --Tokyo (izu-Oshima) December 1933 license Expired June 1935
- --Kanagawa Prefecture August 1928 License (Daio Steel Cable Railway) Expired June 1931
- Jinhua Mountain Climbing Railway -Gifu Prefecture Mt. Kinka November 1912 license expired September 11
- A separate plan from the "Jinhua Mountain Railway"
- Jinhua Mountain Railway --Mt. Kinka, Gifu Prefecture January 1928 license expired in September 1
- Plan different from "Mt. Kinka mountain climbing railway"
- Yumekayama Funicular Railway - Ishikawa Prefecture Utatsuyama Rejected in 1931
- Yanagiya Mountain Railway - Kyoto Yangtani Temple November 1922 license expired September 12
- Arima Electric Railway -Hyogo Prefecture NunobikiYamamine July 1901 Cancellation of diploma application
- Inariyama sightseeing cable -Okayama City, Okayama Prefecture Mogami Inari November 1961 license expired September 7
- --Tokushima City, Tokushima Prefecture Licensed in February 1934 Expired June 1935
- --Tara Village, Katsuura District, Tokushima Prefecture Licensed in August 1933 Expired June 1935
- --Matsuyama City, Ehime Prefecture Licensed in December 1927 Expired June 1930
- --Yanaimachi, Mii District, Fukuoka Prefecture Mt. Kora Yamashita-Yamagami October 1928 license Expired June 1930
- --Beppu City, Oita Prefecture-Between Hachiman Village, Oita County February 1926, 2 License Expired in 1928
- The head office is in Aoyama Minami-cho, Akasaka-ku, Tokyo.The first founder is Mitsugu Handa.
The main cities with cable cars in the world
In countries other than Japan, it has been introduced in place of trams in towns with many slopes.
- People's Republic of China
- Hong Kong - Peak tram
- The vehicle is not a parallel quadrilateral, but has the same shape as a general railway vehicle.
- Hong Kong- Hong Kong Ocean Park"Ocean express"
- The kanji notation is "marine train".It connects the two theme areas of the waterfront station (Kaihama station) and the summit station (Gaofeng station) in about 2 minutes.Opened in August 3 to alleviate congestion on the cable car (circulation ropeway), which had limited transportation capacity.submarineThe vehicle with the motif is a 2-car train.Except for the station, there are tunnels, and while the train is running, images of the seabed are shown.
- Hong Kong - Peak tram
- イ ス ラ エ ル
- Salzburg - Reisszug,Festungsbahn
- BothHohensalzburg FortressReisszug is said to be the oldest railway in the world.
- Innsbruck - Hungerburgbahn
- There are both uphill and downhill in one way.For this reason, the vehicle has a structure in which five cubic-shaped cabins are hung in a frame with a bogie, and although the frame tilts according to the tilt, the cabin is always kept horizontal.
- Graz - Schlossbergbahn
- - Dorfbahn Serfaus(Underground cable car)
- Salzburg - Reisszug,Festungsbahn
- On the hillSacre CoeurA double-track crossing cable car installed along the stairs leading up to.Paris Transport Authority It is managed by (RATP) and can be used with a one-day subway ticket or carnet (coupon ticket).Please note that you cannot transfer to the city bus or metro as the use in Carnet will be used up.
- There are two lines to the Vieux Lyon (formerly Lyon) district on the hill, the Fourvière line and the St. Just line, starting from the Vieux Lyon subway station at the foot of the mountain.Both are single-track crossing type, but the Fourvière line has no intermediate station and the vehicle is also a single vehicle, and the St. Just line has an intermediate station (Minime station) at the exchange part and the vehicle is different from the two-car connection.Except for Vieux Lyon station, which is the first station, and Minime station, it is in the entire tunnel including Yamagami station. The Fourvière line serves as a church, and the St. Just line also serves as an access to the Roman theater and tourist destinations, but the main purpose is to access residential areas on the hills.Since the metro, LRT, and city bus operator TCL (Lyon City Transportation Company) operates as part of the subway network, the ticket is also common and you can transfer as it is with a subway ticket (in Lyon City). One-way tickets can be transferred within 2 hour).There was also an urban cable car in the hills on the north side of Lyon, but this was changed to a rack rail subway in the late 2s (current Metro C line).
- ラ ン
- Orvieto - Orvieto Funicular Railway
- Catanzaro -
- Como=Brunate - Como-Brunate Funicular Railway
- Genoa -,
- Naples - Central Funicular,Chiaia Funicular Wire,Mergellina Funicular Wire,Montesanto Funicular Wire
- Due to the city on a steep slope, four lines are operated as daily transportation.There are also intermediate stations, with a total of 4 stations.The largest of these is a 16-car train with a capacity of 450 people.During the rush hour, there is also a direct operation that passes through the intermediate station.The oldest opened on October 3, 1889.The maximum slope is 10%. Most of the routes on the three routestunnelConsists of.Currently, only the intermediate points are crossed with double-track wire cables.
- Bergamo - Bergamo steel cord
- Trieste - Trieste-Opicina Tram
- In the steep section of the tram, the cable car uses a rare mechanism to boost it as an auxiliary machine.
- ヴ ェ ネ ツ ィ ア - Venetian People Mover
- There are three road-type cable cars.It is a town with many slopes and is constructed as a branch line of trams. Vehicles on two routes have a horizontal body, and the front on the foot side has an extremely long horse face (unlike a normal cable car, it has a pentagonal body).The line is a double-track crossing type, and the lines of the upper and lower lines are slightly shifted except for the crossing points to share the line laying.GauntletThe points are adopted.It is one of Lisbon's tourist resources because of the atmosphere of retro cable cars coming and going on the slopes of the residential area in the downtown area.There is also a toll elevator in Lisbon to assist with the movement of slopes.
- チ ェ コ
- There is an intermediate station, but due to the characteristics of the crossing cable car, while one vehicle is stopped at the intermediate station, the other vehicle temporarily stops at a place other than the station.
- Kiev -
- It is a port town with many slopes and connects the Paris Square station by the sea to the Carmel Monastery.All lines are underground.
- Kiev -
- The United States of America
Mt. Takaosan Cable Car(Photo taken on October 2008, 12)
Amanohashidate Steel RailwayAmanohashidate Cable Car (photographed on September 2015, 9)
- ^ a b c d e f g Before the electric railway
- ^ a b Juro Oga "History of Tram Development-PCC Car and Tatra Car that Conquered the World" P.1-28, Eikosho Publishing, March 29,ISBN 978-4-86403-196-7
- ^ "Der Reiszug --Part 1 --Presentation”. Funimag. 2009/4/22Browse.
- ^ "Der Reiszug”. Funiculars.net. 2009/4/22Browse.
- ^ Kriechbaum, Reinhard (May 2004, 5). “Die große Reise auf den Berg” (German). der Tagespost 2009/4/22Browse.
- ^ William L. Garrison; David M. Levinson (2014). The Transportation Experience: Policy, Planning, and Deployment. OUP USA. P. 33. ISBN 9780199862719
- ^ James Guilbeau (2011). St. Charles Streetcar, The: Or, the New Orleans & Carrollton Railroad. Pelican Publishing Company. P. 48-49. ISBN 9781879714021
- ^ United States Patent No. 97,343
- ^ Sadao Shirato"Railway depicted in postcards-Station (5)" "RAIL FAN" Vol. 49, No. 9, Japan Railfan Club, September 2002, p. 9.
- ^ “Phantom building that left an influence: Memory of Hanshinkan Modernism (XNUMX)”. Nihon Keizai Shimbun (Nikkei Inc.). (May 2014, 12). オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2016, 2. 2016/2/23Browse.
- ^ However, if you include the private cable carNishi HonganjiOf the villaNirakusoIt is said that the one installed in Japan is the first in Japan.
- ^ Street Railways Construction Operation and Maintenance. Street Railway Publishing Company. (1892). P. 111.
- ^ Doppelmayr Cable Car (DCC)
- ^ a b New transportation systemNursery school. (1990). P. 88. ISBN 9784586508037
- ^ Nihon Keizai Shimbun, jointly. “New connecting passage completed at Narita Airport". 2015/1/19Browse.
- ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x Second World WarInUnnecessary emergency lineSpecified
- ^ Great Kanto EarthquakeDamage caused by
- ^ Great Hanshin-Awaji EarthquakeDamage caused by
- ^ Sapporo Moiwayama Ropeway WebsiteMore, read January 2018, 10.
- ^ Morris car (Let's get on the cable car!) "Mt. Moiwa mini cable car"More, read January 2018, 10.
- ^ a b c d e Due to a decrease in passengers
- ^ Isao Ogawa "Kinzo Ishima, a" tourism designer "who pursued the best views of Amanohashidate, one of the three most scenic spots in Japan" "Atomi Gakuen Women's University Faculty of Management Bulletin" No. 18, Atomi Gakuen Women's University, July 2014, 7, 25-1 page.
- ^ a b c d e Shunzo Miyawaki, "Walking the Abandoned Railroad Track VIII," JTB, 2001, pp. 160-164.ISBN 9784533039072.
- ^ Hotel Urashima Sanjokan websiteMore, read January 2020, 10.
- ^ Due to obstacles to road maintenance due to the conversion of surrounding residential land
- ^ Tokyu Electric Railway-Keikyu Corporation-Sagami Railway-JGCEstablished as a joint investment of. Obtained a first-class railway business license in February 1988.
- ^ Yokohama Exotic Showcase / Venue Planning and Construction RecordsYokohama Exotic Showcase Association. (March 1990). P. 3-276
- ^ "Rail license subscript", "Gazette," December 1922, 4(National Diet Library Digital Collection)
- ^ "Permission to abolish entrepreneurship" "Government Bulletin" May 1926, 5(National Diet Library Digital Collection)
- ^ "Rail license subscript", "Gazette," December 1927, 6(National Diet Library Digital Collection)
- ^ "Railway License Revocation", Gazette, July 1929, 6(National Diet Library Digital Collection)
- ^ "Railway license subsidy" "Government bulletin" date(National Diet Library Digital Collection)
- ^ "Railway License Revocation", Gazette, July 1930, 12(National Diet Library Digital Collection)
- ^ "Rail license subscript", "Gazette," December 1933, 12(National Diet Library Digital Collection)
- ^ "Railway License Revocation", Gazette, July 1935, 7(National Diet Library Digital Collection)
- ^ "Rail license subscript", "Gazette," December 1928, 8(National Diet Library Digital Collection)
- ^ "Railway License Revocation", Gazette, July 1931, 11(National Diet Library Digital Collection)
- ^ "Rail license subscript", "Gazette," December 1934, 3(National Diet Library Digital Collection)
- ^ "Railway License Revocation", Gazette, July 1935, 7(National Diet Library Digital Collection)
- ^ "Rail license subscript", "Gazette," December 1933, 8(National Diet Library Digital Collection)
- ^ "Railway License Revocation", Gazette, July 193, 9(National Diet Library Digital Collection)
- ^ "Rail license subscript", "Gazette," December 1927, 12(National Diet Library Digital Collection)
- ^ "Railway License Revocation", Gazette, July 1930, 9(National Diet Library Digital Collection)
- ^ "Rail license subscript", "Gazette," December 1928, 10(National Diet Library Digital Collection)
- ^ "Railway License Revocation", Gazette, July 1930, 8(National Diet Library Digital Collection)
- ^ "Rail license subscript", "Gazette," December 1926, 2(National Diet Library Digital Collection)
- ^ "Railway License Revocation", Gazette, July 1928, 8(National Diet Library Digital Collection)
- Skyrail Service Hiroshima Short-distance Transportation Seno Line Suspended type that uses both rope drive and linear motormonorailSmall transportation system by.
- Inclined elevator