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🧳 | Tateyama Kurobe Alpine Route, price increase of 870 yen from next spring Against the background of aging facilities


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Tateyama Kurobe Alpine Route raises price by 870 yen from next spring Against the background of aging facilities

 
If you write the contents roughly
Capital investment to maintain the business, such as maintenance and repair costs due to aging facilities, is continuously required, and chronic operating loss is an issue for both steel cable railways (cable cars) and buses.
 

Tateyama Kurobe Kanko draws fares on the Tateyama Cable Car, Kurobe Cable Car, and Tateyama Kogen Bus on the Tateyama Kurobe Alpine Route ... → Continue reading

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Wikipedia related words

If there is no explanation, there is no corresponding item on Wikipedia.

Capital investment

Capital investmentWhat is (Setsubitou)?CompanyUsed for businessFacilityDo againstinvestmentThat.GDPIt is one of the main elements that make up the economy and has a great impact on the economy.

Overview

The equipment to be invested isTangible fixed assets(Of the assets used over a long period of time, machines for producing semiconductor manufacturing equipment, buildings such as offices and shops, vehicles for transportation, tool equipment, etc.),Intangible fixed assets(Of the assets used over the long term,software,Telephone subscription right,Patent-商標Rights, etc.)

When discussing business fixed investment, tangible fixed assets were often mentioned, but since the IT bubble, intangible fixed assets (mainly IT investment) have also come to the forefront.

Impact on macro economy

Supply side

Capital investment is工場,boatSuch asCapital stockIncrease the productivity of the economy. By increasing capital equipment,Labor productivityCan rise and the potential growth rate can be increased.

Demand side

The amount of capital investment isMultiplier effectIncrease consumption, thus increasing economic demand. The increase in demand justifies the increase in production due to capital investment and brings about a golden state in which supply and demand grow together. Capital investment has a multiplier effect for the following reasons.

Investment for business companies that investCash flowIs only in the red, accountingDepreciationDo not go into the red. On the other hand, it will be sales for those who sell equipment and factories, which will be the salaries of employees and the profit of the company. In this way, the financial benefits of society as a whole are increased by investment. As a result, the economy as a whole is energized and consumption is increased.

On the other hand, if capital investment becomes sluggish, even if the cash flow is in the black, accounting profits may not be generated and the economy as a whole will be stagnant.

How it is used

Business fixed investment is used as an index for judging economic trends, and is used to check investment motivation based on business fixed investment plans and corporate profits.statisticsWhen looking at capital investment, there are differences such as the scope of the survey depending on the statistics and the handling of land purchase costs.

Survey statistics

Related item

外部 リンク

Cable car

Cable carIsMountainOn steep slopes, etc.Funicular(Cable) was connectedvehicleThewinchRoll up with etc.operationToTrain.Steel rope railwayAlso known as (Kousaku Tetsudo).In addition, it has excellent propulsion efficiency because it does not load power on the vehicle, and in recent years it has been excellent.Mountainous areaNot limited to use incity,空港Etc.輸送Also used for[1].

Definition

In someRopeway,Gondola liftEtc. "normalcablewayIs sometimes called a cable car,JapanThen "Steel rope railwayIs generally referred to as a cable car, and this section also describes only the steel cable railway.Hereinafter, the term "cable car" simply refers to "steel cable railway".Many Japanese cable carsRailway Business LawHas a railroad business license, but some cable carsamusement park OfPlay equipmentIt is treated orJapanese inn内 のエ レ ベ ー タ ーIt may be treated.In this section, Japanese cable cars are basically the Railway Business Law (formerlyLocal Railway Law), But cable cars that can be used by the general public without being based on the Railway Business Law are listed as much as possible.

Englishで Cable car Speaking of it, it may refer to a cable car or ropeway as in Japanese,American EnglishSo in generalSan Francisco cable carAs seen inOrbitRefers to the "circulation cable car" of a system that moves by having many vehicles grab and release a cable that is constantly moving underneath.[2], The system is completely different from the "interchangeable cable car" that is seen in Japan where the two cars move up and down alternately.The crossing cable car in EnglishイタリアVesuvius funicular wire OfFunicolareDerived fromCable carIt is common to call it (Funicular)[2](Related item:),British EnglishAtCable carRefers to the ropeway.

the way

The main methods are as follows.

Crossing type (Tsurube type)
Connect the vehicle to both ends of one long steel cable (cable),well OfFishing bottleWhen one vehicle is pulled up by operating a hoisting device consisting of an electric motor, a transmission, a hoisting wheel, and a braking device, the other vehicle comes down.OneCounter weightSome (dummy weights) are operated by one car (example:Kuramayama Steel Cable Railway).Japanese cable cars do not have crossing facilities, including counterweightsSeikan Tunnel Ryuhi Diversion LineMost of them are currently this method except for the above.
Circulation type
A method in which a ring-shaped steel rope is grasped from the vehicle and the steel rope is circulated to move the vehicle.Release the funicular when you stop.You can also drive multiple trains and drive on flat terrain.America-San FranciscoIt is inSan Francisco cable carIs this method.It doesn't exist in Japan,1989 OfYokohama ExpoYokohama SK's "moving bench" that appeared in the above was once licensed as a circular steel cable railway under the Railway Business Law for a limited time.
Double single wire type
A method in which steel ropes are stretched on both sides of a single-track, one-line track without an intercourse device, and only simple vertical winding is performed, and a vehicle with only one track and one train is operated.HokkaidoSapporo OfMt. MoiwaThere is an example of adoption in the mini cable car "Morris Car" in.

On the track of a crossing type (sliding type) cable carSingle lineWith the crossing ceremonyDouble trackThere is a crossing ceremony.In the double-track crossing type (double-track two-car crossing type), two vehicles (or two trains) go up and down different tracks.Of the single-track crossing type, in the single-track two-car crossing type that operates with two vehicles (or two trains), the intermediate point is a double trackVehicle crossingCan be done.Of this trackBranchHas no moving parts.This is because the wheel on one side of the vehicleFlangeThe other wheel is a flat wheel without a flange on the groove wheel that sandwiches the rail, so that it can naturally travel on different tracks just by guiding the groove wheel without operating from the outside. is there. (Carl Roman AbtInvented by Apt Switch)

Even if it is called a double track, it is not necessarily a double track type, but a line of single track type (Single line parallelThere is also a formula).KintetsuIkoma Steel CableThe Hozanji Line is lined with two single-track, two-car, two-car cable cars.

It is best to construct the track of the crossing cable car so that the steepest slope is near the end on the upper side of the mountain and the gentlest slope is near the end on the lower side of the mountain.Since the vehicle is also stopped by operating the hoisting device, the stop operation can be smoothly performed if the resistance increases as the vehicle approaches the stop position.If the alignment does not follow this, it will be difficult to operate the hoist when stopped.

A lot of powerelectricityThe method of moving the hoisting device is adopted, but there is also a method of loading a water tank on the vehicle, filling it with water, draining the water with the weight of the water, and pulling up the other vehicle.In the case of the one-car crossing type, one is a weight, so if it is lighter than the weight after draining water, it will rise, and if it becomes heavier with water, it will fall.This water gravity type is unprecedented in Japan under the Railway Business Law, but as an amusement facilityKochiAki DistrictBaji villageThere is something.

Since the vehicle is pulled from the outside and driven, there is no need to supply electric power for power, but for interior lighting, automatic doors, etc.battery,Overhead wire,Third railPower is supplied from such sources.pantographThat is why some vehicles are marked with.As a power source for door closures and brakesair compressorIn some cases, it is equipped with an electric hydraulic pump.

The structure of the vehicle is such that the floor is horizontal with respect to the slope.parallelogramInside the car using a carStairsIt is often shaped or there is a large space between the floor of the guest room and the wheels on the foot of the mountain.For special thingsHokkaidoSapporo-Mt. MoiwaMini cable car (Morisu car) on the chassis with "∧" shaped columnsGondola liftTwo cabins that resemble a carrier are suspended to keep the cabin level at all times regardless of the inclination.

Even if it has an overhead wire, there are cases where there is only one overhead wire and there are cases where there are two overhead wires.In the case of two, one is for power supply and the other is for communication.

In many cases, the tracks inside both terminal stations have a pit structure for vehicle inspection and maintenance.Although the vehicle has no power, it is operated on a steep slope, so great care must be taken in checking and servicing the cable fixing device and braking device together with the cable itself and the hoisting machine.

Of the cable carGaugeIn Japan, there is no direct connection to other railways, so you can decide freely, but it is often advantageous to use general-purpose products such as sleepers.JRMany of them use the same 1067mm gauge as the above.In the world, as an example of direct connection with other railwaysイタリア OfTrieste City OfTramThere is, and the cable car is used as an auxiliary machine to climb the slope in the steep slope section.

Crew

The crew members on board the crossing cable car are always on board in front of them.What's more, where there are crew members, it looks like a carhandleThere are often circular or crank-shaped handles like this.For this reason, oftenDriverIs misunderstood, but in reality, "conductor"Is on board in front for confirmation of the front, and the" driver "is packed in the driver's cab at the station on the mountain side and operates the hoisting device.The circular or crank-shaped handlebrake(For prevention of rolling during detentionHand brakeIt is also used for emergency stop when a failure such as a fallen tree occurs on the track), and corresponds to the side brake of an automobile.Brake pneumatic orhydraulicWhen activated, a small emergency cock or pedal will be placed in the crew seat instead of the steering wheel.As a brake, it is equipped with an emergency brake mechanism that automatically operates by detecting cable disconnection, loosening, or overspeed, and sandwiches the rail with a wedge-shaped brake so that it can stop even if it runs out of control on a steep slope. I am taking the method.The crew seats are also equipped with communication receivers and lighting switches for contacting the driver's office, and air pressure gauges / oil pressure gauges, broadcasting equipment, etc. when air pressure or oil pressure is used for the brakes.

Incline

The name cable car is usually used for steel rope railroads for passenger business, but industrially constructed steel rope railroads (that is, freight cable cars) are usually referred to as inclines (English: incline, slope (railway)) ).It is often used for transporting timber in mountainous areas and transporting materials and equipment at dam construction sites.

As a permanent establishment existing in Japan, the end of the Kurobe tunnelKurobegawa Fourth Power StationTieKansai Electric PowerIncline and Umaji Village, Aki District, Kochi PrefectureKanagawaAiko-gunAikawa Town-Kiyokawa Village OfMiyagase DamThere are things like that in.Outside of JapanThe United States of AmericaPennsylvaniaSouthwestern cityPittsburghTwo inclines are known in.

One of the most well-known case studies in the past in Japan1891から1948Was operated up toLake Biwa CanalIncline (Kicking Incline・ At Fushimi Incline), ships come and go between waterways with different heights, so at Keage InclineKyoto CityA track was laid in the inclined section between the Nanzenji harbor and the rise of the ship, and the ship was placed on a trolley called a "ship receiving frame" towed by a wire and raised and lowered.

In addition, the above-mentioned cable car in Umaji Village and Duquesne Incline in Pittsburgh (Duquesne Incline) And Monongaheira Incline ()Monongahela Incline), The name of "incline" may be used as it is in cases where an incline constructed for industrial use is diverted or restored for passenger use.The Kurobegawa Daiyon Power Station Incline has a detachable cabin cabin, and when the cabin cabin is removed, a huge loading platform appears, enabling the transportation of large cargo.

History

Already in the early 16th centuryオーストリア OfSalzburg OfReisszugThere is a record that a cable car using wooden rails was operated in[3][4][5].

Already in the first half of the 19th century in mines throughout EnglandStationary steam engineIt is used to carry out ore and coal using the company, and opened in 1825.Stockton and Darlington RailwayBut most of the routesStationary steam engineI was winding up the rope[6].. On July 1869, 7New OrleansでPGT BorigardDemonstrated a cable car propelled by grabbing and releasing an overhead circulating rope invented by[7]..He patented on November 1869, 11[8].1880, Italy Vesuvius mountain railway "Vesuvius funicular wireOpened (discontinued in 1984).

The oldest surviving cable car in the world is in San Francisco1873Is a cable car built in[1]..In San Francisco, where there are many steep slopes, engineer Andrew Smith HarladyCarriageInvented and built as an alternative transportation system[1]..After that, even outside the area with steep slopesTramBuilt as a public transport equivalent to in the United States and even in major cities outside the United States[1]..Construction was also underway as a public transportation system in the mountains.

History of Japanese cable car

in Japan1918Ikoma Cable Car Railway (currently) opened inKintetsu Ikoma Steel Cable Line) Is the first[11].Taisho eraFrom the endShowa periodEarlyRopewayIt was built all over the country.HoweverShowa DepressionNew construction has ceased due to the sharp decrease in tourism demand due toSecond World WarMost of the cable car routes were originally intended for tourism due to the deterioration of the war situation at the end of the period.Unnecessary emergency lineWas designated as, and was forced to pause.The only survivors were those with a town on the mountain and in demand other than tourism.

After the war, the demand for tourism increased with the recovery and improvement of living standards from around the 1950s, so the lines that had been suspended as unnecessary non-urgent lines were revived or new lines were constructed.However, since the 1970s, it can be constructed on any terrain, with less land acquisition and less environmental damage.RopewayHowever, new construction of the cable car has stopped due to the fact that it has become the leading role in the newly constructed mountaineering transportation system and domestic tourism demand has peaked.HeiseiWhen you entermotorization(Many cable car routes have parallel sightseeing mountaineering roads), domestic tourism demand has declined, and tourism styles have changed. The number of passengers has started to decrease due to factors such as being affected.Also, unlike the ropeway, there is currently no mass production or new design of cable cars in Japan, so it may take a lot of money to renew old equipment, so equipment is imported from abroad and renewed. In some cases, the route was abolished because it could not bear the financial burden.

In the past, some of the cable cars laid inside the inn were treated as official railways based on the Local Railway Law, but now they are huge.エ レ ベ ー タ ー,escalatorHas become possible to install, and all have been abolished.Those that are not treated as railroads still exist in various places, but they are gradually being used for slopes.monorail(Slope car) Tends to be replaced.

Cable car as a new transportation system

In 1873San Franciscoで(English edition)ByCarriage trainDeveloped as an alternative to[1], Used in the United States as an urban transport system from the end of the 19th century to the beginning of the 20th century.At that time, it was a small, high-powered tram that was still used for trams.electric motorWasn't enough yet, so it was a stationary type called a power station.Steam engineThere is a background that the cable car using the hoist (operated by) was effective[1][12]..High performanceTramMost of the cable cars as urban transportation ended operation in the early 20th century due to the spread of[1].

In recent years, it can be operated automatically with relatively simple vehicles and equipment in the field of short-distance transportation.New transportation systemIs part ofHorizontal elevatorDemand is increasing[13]. Mini metro,Cable linerAnd was once operated in JapanYokohama Expo OfSK system[14],Hiroshima cityAki Ward OfSuspended monorailIsSky rail,Hovertrain OfNarita Airport Terminal 2 Shuttle SystemThere is also such an example.

利 点

  • Since no power is mounted on the vehicle, the vehicle can be simplified and lightened.
  • Since the vehicle does not run on its own, wheel wear is suppressed compared to a power vehicle.
  • Like the conventional cable car, it is structurally suitable for unmanned operation.

Disadvantage

  • Difficult to overtake due to structure
  • Ground equipment is complicated
  • Congestion and waiting time occur when the distance is short and there are many passengers[15]

List of Japanese cable cars

Cable car according to the Railway Business Law

Railway Business LawThe cable car business routes in Japan based on are as follows.

  • The year of suspension and resumption does not include short-term suspension of operation for less than one year due to equipment renewal work or disasters.
Yamana etc.Business nameRoute nameLine nicknameGauge
(mm)
Length
(m)
Maximum gradientMinimum gradientDifference in height
(m)
Opening yearRemarks
Seikan TunnelExperience tunnelSeikan Tunnel MemorialSeikan Tunnel Ryuhi Diversion Line 914778250 ‰250 ‰1988No crossing facilities
In-facility routes
Mt. TsukubasanTsukuba Tourist RailwayMt. Tsukubasan Steel Cable Railway LineMt. Tsukubasan Cable Car1,0671,634358 ‰207 ‰49519251944Abolished[16],1954Restart
Mt. TakaosanTakao Tozan Electric RailwayTakao steel cord wireMt. Takaosan Cable Car1,0671,020608 ‰105 ‰27119271944Pause[16],1949Restart
Mt. OntakeMitake mountain railway Mt. Mitake cable car1,0491,107470 ‰250 ‰42419341944Pause[16],1951Restart
Mt. HakoneHakone Tozan RailwaySteel cableHakone Tozan Cable Car9831,240200 ‰126 ‰2141921There are 4 intermediate stations
1923Pause[17],1925Restart
1944Pause[16],1950Restart
Mt. OoyamaMt. Ooyama Tourist RailwayMt. Ooyama steel cord wireMt. Ooyama Cable Car1,067786477 ‰258 ‰2781931There are 1 intermediate stations
1944Abolished[16],1965Restart
Tokuni PassIzu Hakone RailwayTokuni Steel CableTokuni Pass Cable Car1,435317408 ‰233 ‰1011956
Tateyama(Kurobedaira)Tateyama KurobeSteel cableKurobe Cable Car1,067828587 ‰407 ‰3731969
Tateyama(Bijo Daira)Steel cableTateyama cable car1,0671,366560 ‰334 ‰4871954
Mt. Hiei(Enryakuji Temple)Hieizan RailwayHieizan Railway LineSakamoto cable1,0672,025333 ‰170 ‰4841927There are 2 intermediate stations
1945Pause[16],1946Restart
Keifuku Electric RailwaySteel cableEizan cable1,0671,458530 ‰215 ‰56119251944Pause[16],1946Restart
Mt. KuramaKurama TempleKuramayama Steel Cable RailwayKurama Temple Cable800207499 ‰499 ‰891957Counterweight installed under orbit
In-facility routes
Kasamatsu ObservatoryTango sea land transportationAmanohashidate Steel RailwayAmanohashidate Cable1,067391461 ‰78 ‰11519271944Abolished[16],1951Restart
IkomayamaKinki Nippon RailwayIkoma Steel CableIkoma Cable Hozanji Line1,067948227 ‰83 ‰1461918Consists of two systems with single line parallel
1944Single track[16],1953Re-double tracking
Ikoma Cable Yamagami Line1,0671,124333 ‰256 ‰3221929There are 2 intermediate stations
1944Pause[16],1945Restart
TakayasuNishinobu Takako CablewayNobutaka Nishi Cable1,0671,263480 ‰170 ‰35419301944Pause[16],1957Restart
Koyasan(Kongofuji Temple)Nankai Electric RailwaySteel cableKoyasan Cable1,067864563 ‰274 ‰3291930
Otokoyama (Iwashimizu Hachimangu)Keihan Electric RailwaySteel cableOtokoyama Cable1,067411206 ‰203 ‰8219261944Abolished[16],1955Restart
Mt.Nose Electric RailwaySteel cableMyoken no Mori Cable1,435666424 ‰151 ‰22919251944Abolished[16],1960Restart
Mt. RokkosanMt. Rokkosan TourismRokko cable lineRokko cable1,0671,764498 ‰238 ‰49319321944Pause[16],1945Restart
Mt. MayasanKobe Suma Town Development CorporationMaya Cable LineMaya Cable1,067964547 ‰208 ‰31219251944Pause[16],1955Restart
1995Pause[18],2001Restart
Five Mt. TsurugisanShikoku cable Yakuri Cable1,067684288 ‰181 ‰16719311944Pause[16],1964Restart
SarakuraSarakura Tozan RailwaySail pillar cable lineSarakurayama Cable Car1,0671,191528 ‰206 ‰4411957
Beppu RakutenchiLactenchBeppu Lactench Cable LineRakutenchi cable1,067253558 ‰480 ‰12219291944Pause[16],1950Restart

Gradient (‰) after the decimal point is rounded off

Cable car not based on the Railway Business Law

The following are Japanese cable car routes that do not comply with the Railway Business Law and are treated as in-facility railways, elevators, and amusement facilities.

  • Of the opportunities that the general public can board, only the main ones are listed.
  • Excludes what they call themselves "lift cars" or "elevators".
routeLocationbusiness personthe wayGauge
(mm)
Length
(m)
Maximum gradientMinimum gradientDifference in height
(m)
Remarks
Mt. MoiwaMini cable carMt. MoiwaSapporo Promotion CorporationIron wheel type (double single wire type)22473Gondola liftA cable car with a capacity of 30 people, which is similar in shape to a carrier, and has two cabins suspended from the top of the columns to keep it level at all times.It is a type that simply reciprocates between the summit and the foot of the mountain with only one train and one line, and is called the world's first mini cable car with a drive system.[19][20]..Known as "Morris Car"
Kanouya RyokanIkaho Hot SpringJoint-stock company Kanoya RyokanRubber tire type3740 degrees
(840 ‰)
40 degrees
(840 ‰)
Available to hotel guests and one-day bathers
Miyagase InclineMiyagase DamMiyagase Dam Area Promotion FoundationRubber tire type1,60021635 degrees
(700 ‰)
31 degrees
(600 ‰)
121Closed on Mondays, complete double track
Kurobe InclineKurobegawa Fourth Power StationKansai Electric PowerLtd.Iron wheel type2,00081534 degrees
(675 ‰)
34 degrees
(675 ‰)
456Kurobe routeIf you win the tour, you can get on the bus for free
Hotel Iya OnsenIya hot springIyakei Onsen Tourism Co., Ltd.Rubber tire type25042 degrees
(900 ‰)
42 degrees
(900 ‰)
170Available to hotel guests and one-day bathers
Hotel KazurabashiKazurabashi OnsenTaniguchi Brothers Shokai Co., Ltd.Rubber tire typeAvailable for hotel guests and one-day bathers ・ Japanese-style vehicles
Umaji Forest Railway InclineBaji villageUmaji Forest Railway Running AssociationRubber tire type9234 degrees
(675 ‰)
34 degrees
(675 ‰)
50Operates only on weekends except summer ・ Hydraulic type ・ Brake is Riggenbach typeRack railNumber

Abolished cable car

The abolished routes of Japanese cable cars based on the Railway Business Law (or the former Local Railway Law) are as follows.The suspension / abolition date is the day after the last business day.Excludes those that have been revived later, including cases by the successor company.

  • Mie traffic Steel cable(Former Asamagatake Mountain Railway)-Opened on August 1925, 8. Suspended on January 26, 1944 (at that time Shinto Kotsu)[16].. Abolished on July 1962, 7.
    At the time of business, it was the steepest slope in the Orient.
  • Mt. Atagoyama Railway Steel cable --Opened on July 1929, 7. Abolished on February 25, 1944[16].
  • Myomi Steel Cable Railway Top line --Opened on July 1925, 8. Abolished on February 1, 1944[16].
    The trace of the abandoned line is diverted to the Myoken no Mori lift.
  • Chopsticks mountain climbing railway --Opened on July 1930, 6. Abolished on February 18, 1944[16].
    The trace of the abandoned lineChopsticks mountain ropewayHowever, the route was partially changed by the renewal in 1998.
  • China Inariyama Steel Cable Railway --Opened on July 1929, 2. Abolished on February 9, 1944[16].
  • Ikaho Cable Railway --Opened on September 1929, 9. Paused on February 6, 1944[16], Reopened on August 1961, 8. Closed on July 13, 1966[21], Abolished on December 1966, 12.
  • Akagi Mountain Railway --Opened on July 1957, 7. Closed on November 21, 1967[21], Abolished on December 1968, 6.
  • Tobu Railway Nikko Funicular Railway Line --Opened on July 1932, 8. Abolished on February 28, 1970[21].
  • [Current Genmyoan] (Genmyoan Romancecar) --Miyazu City, Kyoto Prefecture (Amanohashidate)
    Ryokan Genmyoan's in-facility route (0.1km between Urashima and Otohime).
    1950年頃までに運行開始、なかや旅館により1952年5月16日地方鉄道免許取得、書類上は1960年2月5日開業。道路整備に伴い1968年度休止、1971年12月31日廃止[22][23].
  • [Current Hotel Urashima] (Noroshiyama Cable Car) --Nachikatsuura Town, Higashimuro District, Wakayama Prefecture (Nanki Katsuura Onsen)
    Hotel Urashima's on-site route on the Smoke Peninsula (Akashima-Smoke Mountain 0.1km).
    Opened in August 1961 from Urashima Onsen, the owner of the hotel[24]..Abolished on April 1976, 4 due to the completion of the elevator connecting the same section.
    An escalator was installed at the abandoned railway track[23].
  • Hyoe Ryokan[Current Hyoe Koyokaku] (Hyoe Ryokan Funicular Railway) --Kobe City, Hyogo Prefecture (Arima Onsen)
    In-facility route of Hyoe Koyokaku, a hot spring inn in Arima Onsen (between Mannen, Horai, and Koyokaku, 0.1km).
    Opened in March 1960 by Hyoe Ryokan, the owner of the inn.Abolished on March 3, 1980 due to the complete renovation of the facility.
    A part of the abandoned railway track was diverted to the emergency evacuation route of the inn[23].
  • Wakayama sightseeing[Ryokan Ninomaru (closed business)] (Shingu sightseeing lift car) --Shingu City, Wakayama Prefecture (Shingu Castle Ruins)
    Ryokan Ninomaru's in-facility route at the site of Shingu Castle (Tanzaru-Ninomaru 0.1km).
    Opened in August 1954 by Shingu Tourism, which was the main owner of the inn. After being merged with Kintetsu Tourism in 8, it was transferred to Wakayama Tourism in 1964. With the closure of Ryokan Ninomaru in 1976, it will be virtually suspended thereafter. Officially suspended in October 1980 and abolished on January 1981, 10[23].
  • Kinki Nippon Railway Higashi Shinki Steel Cable Line(Nobutaka Higashi Cable) --Opened May 1922, 5. Abolished on September 16, 1983[25].
  • Sightseeing in Osaka Minoh Funicular Railway(Minoh Onsen Cable Car) --Minoh City, Osaka Prefecture (Minoh City, Osaka Prefecture)Minoh Hot Spring)
    Minoh Onsen Spa Garden on-site route (Yamashita-Yamagami 0.1km).
    Opened on October 1965, 10 by Osaka Tourism, which is the management body of the facility.Suspended on April 1, 1993 and abolished on July 4, 4 due to aging and transition to an observation elevator.
    While the in-facility routes in other inns were operated by vehicles with a capacity of about 10 people, this line has a capacity of 31 people and was operated by relatively large vehicles as in-facility routes in the inn.[23].
  • Yashima mountain railway Yashima Cable --Opened on September 1929, 4. Paused on February 21, 1944[16], Reopened on August 1950, 4. Closed on July 16, 2004[21], Abolished on December 2005, 8.
  • Izu Hakone Railway Komagatake Steel Cable Line(Komagatake Cable Car) --Opened on November 1957, 11. Abolished on September 16, 2005[21].

Cable car operated for a limited time

Based on the limited-time business license of the Railway Business Law, the abolished routes of Japanese cable cars that were operated for a limited time are as follows.The suspension / abolition date is the day after the last business day.

  • Yokohama SK[26] "Moving Bench"-Yokohama City, Kanagawa Prefecture (Yokohama Minatomirai 21District) Opened on March 1989, 3, closed on October 25, 10.
    Held in 1989Yokohama ExpoIt operates for a limited time only during the exhibition period, and is a steel cable railway line based on a limited-time business license under the Railway Business Law (Sakuragicho Gate-Festival Square 0.7 km (651 m)).A route on a flat surface, not a general cable car that runs on a sloped route.Detail isSK systemandYokohama Exotic Showcase # Inside the venuechecking[14][27].

Unfinished cable car

The main cities with cable cars in the world

In countries other than Japan, it has been introduced in place of trams in towns with many slopes.

Asia

Europe

North America

Oceania

Gallery

footnote

[How to use footnotes]
  1. ^ a b c d e f g Before the electric railway
  2. ^ a b Juro Oga "History of Tram Development-PCC Car and Tatra Car that Conquered the World" P.1-28, Eikosho Publishing, March 29,ISBN 978-4-86403-196-7
  3. ^ "Der Reiszug --Part 1 --Presentation”. Funimag. 2009/4/22Browse.
  4. ^ "Der Reiszug”. Funiculars.net. 2009/4/22Browse.
  5. ^ Kriechbaum, Reinhard (May 2004, 5). “Die große Reise auf den Berg” (German). der Tagespost. http://www.die-tagespost.de/Archiv/titel_anzeige.asp?ID=8916 2009/4/22Browse. 
  6. ^ William L. Garrison; David M. Levinson (2014). The Transportation Experience: Policy, Planning, and Deployment. OUP USA. P. 33. ISBN 9780199862719 
  7. ^ James Guilbeau (2011). St. Charles Streetcar, The: Or, the New Orleans & Carrollton Railroad. Pelican Publishing Company. P. 48-49. ISBN 9781879714021 
  8. ^ United States Patent No. 97,343
  9. ^ Sadao Shirato"Railway depicted in postcards-Station (5)" "RAIL FAN" Vol. 49, No. 9, Japan Railfan Club, September 2002, p. 9.
  10. ^ “Phantom building that left an influence: Memory of Hanshinkan Modernism (XNUMX)”. Nihon Keizai Shimbun (Nikkei Inc.). (May 2014, 12). オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2016, 2.. https://megalodon.jp/2016-0223-2357-05/www.nikkei.com/article/DGXLASHD03H0F_T01C14A2960E00/ 2016/2/23Browse. 
  11. ^ However, if you include the private cable carNishi HonganjiOf the villaNirakusoIt is said that the one installed in Japan is the first in Japan[9][10].
  12. ^ Street Railways Construction Operation and Maintenance. Street Railway Publishing Company. (1892). P. 111. 
  13. ^ Doppelmayr Cable Car (DCC)
  14. ^ a b New transportation systemNursery school. (1990). P. 88. ISBN 9784586508037 
  15. ^ Nihon Keizai Shimbun, jointly. “New connecting passage completed at Narita Airport". 2015/1/19Browse.
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x Second World WarInUnnecessary emergency lineSpecified
  17. ^ Great Kanto EarthquakeDamage caused by
  18. ^ Great Hanshin-Awaji EarthquakeDamage caused by
  19. ^ Sapporo Moiwayama Ropeway WebsiteMore, read January 2018, 10.
  20. ^ Morris car (Let's get on the cable car!) "Mt. Moiwa mini cable car"More, read January 2018, 10.
  21. ^ a b c d e Due to a decrease in passengers
  22. ^ Isao Ogawa "Kinzo Ishima, a" tourism designer "who pursued the best views of Amanohashidate, one of the three most scenic spots in Japan" "Atomi Gakuen Women's University Faculty of Management Bulletin" No. 18, Atomi Gakuen Women's University, July 2014, 7, 25-1 page.
  23. ^ a b c d e Shunzo Miyawaki, "Walking the Abandoned Railroad Track VIII," JTB, 2001, pp. 160-164.ISBN 9784533039072.
  24. ^ Hotel Urashima Sanjokan websiteMore, read January 2020, 10.
  25. ^ Due to obstacles to road maintenance due to the conversion of surrounding residential land
  26. ^ Tokyu Electric Railway-Keikyu Corporation-Sagami Railway-JGCEstablished as a joint investment of. Obtained a first-class railway business license in February 1988.
  27. ^ Yokohama Exotic Showcase / Venue Planning and Construction RecordsYokohama Exotic Showcase Association. (March 1990). P. 3-276 
  28. ^ "Rail license subscript", "Gazette," December 1922, 4(National Diet Library Digital Collection)
  29. ^ "Permission to abolish entrepreneurship" "Government Bulletin" May 1926, 5(National Diet Library Digital Collection)
  30. ^ "Rail license subscript", "Gazette," December 1927, 6(National Diet Library Digital Collection)
  31. ^ "Railway License Revocation", Gazette, July 1929, 6(National Diet Library Digital Collection)
  32. ^ "Railway license subsidy" "Government bulletin" date(National Diet Library Digital Collection)
  33. ^ "Railway License Revocation", Gazette, July 1930, 12(National Diet Library Digital Collection)
  34. ^ "Rail license subscript", "Gazette," December 1933, 12(National Diet Library Digital Collection)
  35. ^ "Railway License Revocation", Gazette, July 1935, 7(National Diet Library Digital Collection)
  36. ^ "Rail license subscript", "Gazette," December 1928, 8(National Diet Library Digital Collection)
  37. ^ "Railway License Revocation", Gazette, July 1931, 11(National Diet Library Digital Collection)
  38. ^ "Rail license subscript", "Gazette," December 1934, 3(National Diet Library Digital Collection)
  39. ^ "Railway License Revocation", Gazette, July 1935, 7(National Diet Library Digital Collection)
  40. ^ "Rail license subscript", "Gazette," December 1933, 8(National Diet Library Digital Collection)
  41. ^ "Railway License Revocation", Gazette, July 193, 9(National Diet Library Digital Collection)
  42. ^ "Rail license subscript", "Gazette," December 1927, 12(National Diet Library Digital Collection)
  43. ^ "Railway License Revocation", Gazette, July 1930, 9(National Diet Library Digital Collection)
  44. ^ "Rail license subscript", "Gazette," December 1928, 10(National Diet Library Digital Collection)
  45. ^ "Railway License Revocation", Gazette, July 1930, 8(National Diet Library Digital Collection)
  46. ^ "Rail license subscript", "Gazette," December 1926, 2(National Diet Library Digital Collection)
  47. ^ "Railway License Revocation", Gazette, July 1928, 8(National Diet Library Digital Collection)

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