It is the end of the station building [Wooden station building pilgrimage 08] Yamada Line 04
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There is also a station name sign and a waiting room on the up platform that is no longer in use.
* Taken in September 2020 The top image is the rapid "Rias" that passed through Kuzakai Station on the JR East Yamada Line.Rikuchu-Kawai Station 9 ... → Continue reading
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Station name mark
Japanese station name sign
The basic design of Japanese station names is that the name of your own station is placed large in the center and the names of the stations on both sides are written small on the left and right.
The prototype is a torii-shaped wooden pillar with a board fitted in it, and the station name in hiragana written in black on a white background with a brush.
Unification called "Sumimaru Gothic" in the JNR eraTypefaceWas enacted.This typeface is after JR conversionJR TokaiOwns the copyright[Note 1]Yes,JR HokkaidoIn addition to being used as a pillar station name sign, a partially modified design is also used in JR Central.
1964Opened inTokaido ShinkansenThen,Conventional lineUnlike the original station name mark, it was adopted.Horizontally long compared to conventional line station names[Note 2]In addition, the hiragana notation was omitted as only the kanji and romaji notation in Sumimaru Gothic, and the display of the adjacent station was also abolished.[Note 3].. afterwards1972Opened inSanyo ShinkansenThe station name mark in is the same in that it is only written in kanji and romaji, but it has been changed from the horizontally long one to almost the same size as the standard one of the Japanese National Railways, and the adjacent station is also written.But,Tohoku-Joetsu ShinkansenAfter that, the Shinkansen's original station name mark will not be adopted.From the latter half of the 1970s, the Tokaido Shinkansen was gradually replaced with the style adopted by the conventional lines and the Tohoku / Joetsu Shinkansen and later (JNR standard with adjacent stations) from the end of the JNR in the mid-1980s.
After the conversion to JR, each JR company adopted its own style of station name sign. At JR Central, the basic design remains the same as that of the Japanese National Railways era.1987From November, only the Roman alphabet part of your station on the conventional lineCorporate colorI started putting in the orange band..In the mid-1990s, other JR companies established their own station name sign designs with colored bands one after another.
The contents of the regulations regarding station name signs of the Japanese National Railways differ greatly depending on the time of year, but at the time of the final revision of the "Railway Posting Standard Regulations" in March 1986 (the year before privatization), the classification was as follows..
Station name sign (for railway)
For outdoor use (posted at the top of the station entrance) --Size is appropriate
For home use (3 types of A-U)
- (A): Horizontal writing with the name of the next station-Type 1 (top and bottom 90 cm, left and right 120 cm) or Type 2 (top and bottom 80 cm, left and right 110 cm).In the case of an electric bulletin board, type 431 (top and bottom 75 cm, left and right 133 cm).
- (B): For pillars (vertical writing) -No. 9 type (top and bottom 75 cm, left and right 15 cm).In the case of an electric bulletin board, type 210 (top and bottom 70 cm, left and right 15 cm).If necessary, the edge should be the same color as the body color of the train in that line (Line color) Can be.
- (C): For both ends of the Shinkansen station platform-133 cm in length and 200 cm or more in width.Be sure to have lighting.
On the Japanese National Railways, the name of the station for pillars was written vertically in hiragana, and the period was long based on white letters on a dark blue background.Hiragana typefaces differ between old and new depending on the time of year. JR Hokkaido still uses the Sumimaru Gothic typeface of the Japanese National Railways on conventional lines, and it is a pillar station name mark including the Hokkaido Shinkansen.Sapporo beerAdvertisement is posted.Some businesses have advertisements such as newspapers below (Tobu RailwaySuch).
Many JR and private railway station names have adopted designs such as combining colored bands that symbolize companies and lines with arrows that indicate the direction of travel of trains, or branching the bands to indicate branch stations. There is. JR Central's conventional line,JR Shikoku,JR Kyushu, Tobu Railways, etc., the location of their own station (in accordance with the regulations of the latter half of the Japanese National Railways)Prefectures-MunicipalityFirst name[Note 4]) Is continued.
Since the Meiji era, the notation of own station name has been mainly hiragana notation for a long time, but in some station name signs, there are cases where kanji is written in large size because of its high readability.In addition to the design centered on kanji by JR West and JR Shikoku, JR East, which initially established a design centered on hiragana, is also switching to a new design station name with larger kanji in the metropolitan area and local metropolitan areas. ing.Also on the station nameChinese,KoreanThere are also cases where is written together.Also, like the Tokai regionBrazilianIn areas where there are manyPortugueseIn some cases, it is also written.
Some branch offices of JR East and JR WestBoundary, JR Kyushu, and companies in the third sector can also see original designs that decorate station names with illustrations and photographs of famous places in order to appeal to tourists.
Design of JR companies
- JR East is replacing the station name notation with a new design centered on kanji. Since 2009, the electric bulletin board for hanging has been changed to an "eco-thin electric bulletin board", and the light source has been changed from fluorescent lamps to LEDs..
- JR KyushuHas established a design with local symbol illustrations using red arrows for hanging and planting without using obi.
- Shinkansen station names use the same style as conventional lines in JR East and JR West, while JR Hokkaido, JR Tokai, and JR Kyushu use different styles from conventional lines. ..
Making station name signs into goods
- Many railroad companies sell station name key chains and station name straps.
- In January 2009, Tokyu Station Retail Service (Meguro-ku, Tokyo) released a limited edition "Tokyu Line Station Name Memo Pad" printed with station names of all stations on the Tokyu Line 1 including the Tokyu Toyoko Line and Denen-toshi Line..
Chinese station name sign
China RailwayThe station name of the high-speed railway station is written in Chinese and English.However, it is the same as the German station name, only the station name is listed, and there are no station names or kilometers on either side.On the other hand, at stations on conventional lines, ChinesepinyinThe station name is written with, and the station names on both sides are also written.Also, eachEthnic AutonomyThe station name mark in is also written in the language of the autonomous people of the autonomous region.
Taiwanese station name sign
Taiwan Railway Management BureauThe basic format of the station name mark is that the name of your station is large in the center, and the station names on both sides below the left and right.KilometersIs written small.
MRTAnd Taiwan High Speed Rail do not have station names with station names on both sides, only route maps.
Korean station name sign
Korean station names are generally written in Korean and English.Korean kanjiIs also written.However, if the station name contains parts that cannot be written in kanji, such as proper words and loan words, it will be omitted or omitted.Korean mixed scriptNotated as (Example:Gasan Digital Complex Station→ "Kayama 디지털 Digital”) Or translate the proper word / loan word part into kanji (example:Seodaejeon Negeri Station→ "Seodaejeon XNUMXth Street") It corresponds by.
In recent years, as a response to the rapidly increasing number of foreign tourists, the number of station names in both Japanese and Chinese is increasing, mainly in the subway.Busan Transportation CorporationThen,1-4With all stations2-3At some stations in Korean, English, Japanese (new font, katakana if there is no kanji notation), Chinese (simplified, omitted if almost the same as Japanese. If there is no kanji notation, guess character) The station name mark written in is installed (instead, the display of Korean Chinese characters is gone).
Seoul subway,Metropolitan Electric RailwayEach line, wide area electric railwayTokai LineEven in2014The station names that have been installed and updated since then are written in Korean, English, Chinese (simplified characters), and Japanese (katakana).Also,2015After that, some stations support Chinese and Japanese by sticking stickers on existing station names.
In addition,Seoul Special CityOn each line of the Seoul Subway under the jurisdiction ofSign systemWith the font "" established by the city of SeoulSeoul Namsan FontIs being replaced with the station name sign that uses "".
In the metropolitan area railway and urban railwayStation numberingIt is also done, and it is also written on the station name sign, but unlike Japan, there are many things that are also written on the previous station.
European station name sign
European station names are often hung from the ceiling when there is a building with a roof as a station building..Although the letters on the station name sign are large, the station names on both sides are rarely displayed..
- ^ President of JR Central at the time of the spin-off Hiroshi SudaIs involved in the production of Sumimaru Gothic, and he said that he had a feeling for it..
- ^ Most of the station name signs currently used by JR companies are basically horizontally long.
- ^ This style of station name mark is also a standard established by the Japanese National Railways, and in fact, in the civil engineering edition of "Tokaido Shinkansen Construction Magazine", the first station name mark, roll-type first departure mark and grade are written on the first car guide. Drawings such as markers were posted.
- ^ The Japanese National Railways and JR Central omit the prefecture name at stations in ordinance-designated cities and indicate the ward name.Example:Shizuoka StationThen "ShizuokaShizuoka City"→" Shizuoka CitySakai DistrictHas been changed to.In the days of the Japanese National Railways, "Hokkaido" was omitted because it was commonplace for passengers.
- ^ Chiharu Watanabe"Who designed this? ] Art publisher.ISBN 4-568-50269-1.2009/6/23Browse.
- ^ In the photo of Gifu-Hashima Station in Showa Mainichi "Goodbye XNUMX Series Shinkansen: Tokaido Shinkansen opens, the dawn of a new railway era" --Mainichi Newspaper. Retrieved June 2018, 6 (Although it is a little, you can see the unique station name mark dedicated to the Tokaido Shinkansen at that time, which says "Gifu Hashima GIFU-HASHIMA").
- ^ Hiroshi Suda"Tokaido Shinkansen II Revised New Edition" JTB Publishing Published April 2010, 4 ("Tokyo TOKYO" is written in the photo of the Tokyo Station platform on pp.20. Is reflected)
- ^ Photo Feature: Tohoku-Hokkaido History Michinoku's Dream, A Quarter Century to Open All Lines --Mainichi Newspaper. Published on June 2012, 6, viewed on June 18, 2018 (Tohoku-Joetsu Shinkansen uses the same JNR standard style as conventional lines. The station name mark of Morioka Station in this photo is the JNR standard style. Can be verified.)
- ^ Railroad Pictorial March 1988 issue (Volume 3) P492
- ^ "Railway Regulations Extract Transport Regulations (2) As of July 61, 7" (Document Division, Governor's Office of Japan National Railways) P10-2103
- ^ “Aiming for an environmentally friendly station” (PDF) (Press Release), East Japan Railway Company, (October 2010, 2)
- ^ Station name sign key chain "longevity set" released Shikoku Shimbun
- ^ Distribution of 25th anniversary straps at Takeo Onsen Station JR Kyushu Saga newspaper
- ^ "Station name mark" of all stations on the Tokyu line is in notepad-Illustrations of parapara trains Shibuya economic newspaper
- ^ a b Overseas Railway Salon Edition "European Interesting Railway Culture" Kotsu Shimbunsha, 2011