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🚗 | Volvo Cars global sales, XC40 up 32%, strong 2020


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Volvo Cars global sales, XC40 up 32%, strong 2020

 
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The number of "XC90" decreased by 8.2% from the previous year to 9 units, the first decrease in three years.
 

Volvo Cars announced on January 1 the results of global new car sales in 7.Total sales ... → Continue reading

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Volvo XC90

Volvo XC90(XC Kyuju) isスウェーデンAutomaker,Volvo CarsAre manufactured and sold bySUV.

Overview

2002 yearsNorth American International Auto ShowThe first generation announced atThe first Volvo S80Common with large vehicles such asFull size OfplatformAdopts the Volvo P2 platform.Produced at Volvo's Toslanda plant.The first production equipmentPeople's Republic of ChinaMoved to2014The end of theスウェーデンDiscontinued production at the car nameVolvo XC Classic(OrVolvo XC90 Classic).

At the end of 2014, the second generation XC2 was announced.New platformScalable product architectureIt is based on (SPA). Both generations of the XC90 won the SUV of the Year in the magazine "Motor Trend" at the time of their debut.

First generation (2002-2014)

platform TheS80It is a Volvo P2 platform used in Volvo cars and other large Volvo cars, and the engine is the same as the S80.Inline 5 cylinderInline 6 cylinder Ofgasoline enginePlace horizontally.The straight-five engine that was initially prepared was a single turbo, and the straight-five engine was a twin turbo.

Chronological Table

  • 2001January,North American International Auto ShowAnnouncing the concept car at, and exploring the reaction of the market.In November of the same year, as Volvo's first SUV, a part of the front and the car name XC11Teaser adsAnnounced in the form of[1].. Next day2002Officially announced at the North American International Auto Show[2].. From August of the same yearスウェーデンStarted production at Toslanda factory[2].
  • 2003, North American Truck of the Year and Motor Trend Magazine's Sports Utility of the Year.AmericaIt became the most popular Volvo car in Japan, and at one point accounted for about 25% of sales.
  • 2005, Added V8 TE equipped with new V4.4 8L engine.This engineYamahaIt has a maximum output of 315 horsepower (232kW) and a maximum torque of 44.9kgm (440Nm).The annual target sales volume is 15,000 units, and the model equipped with V8 engine is initially due to the engine mounting position.JapanIn the specifications, only the left steering wheel was set (at that time, only the left steering wheel was very rare in Volvo's Japanese specifications)[3].
  • 2006Partially improved in the latter half, equipped with a newly developed in-line 6-cylinder engine.It is also equipped with a pre-charged electronically controlled AWD system.A new technology that distributes 80Nm of torque to the rear wheels in advance when starting from a stopped state, which reduces wheel spin and makes the response at the time of starting faster than before.The change in the exterior is that in the case of a right-hand drive car, a left fender mirror was installed and measures against blind spots were taken.In addition, the right handle can be selected for the model equipped with V8 engine,The United Kingdom,AustraliaIt was also sold at.At this timing, the in-line 5-cylinder engine car was abolished.
  • 2007, Minor change.The design of the front grill has been changed.In addition, a special limited edition "XC90 3.2 Sport" is available. Based on the XC90 3.2 (7-seater specification), the XC90 series' first dedicated sports suspension, speed-sensitive power steering, reinforced anti-roll bar, and a shock absorber with a harder setting than usual are adopted.On the other hand, the "Nordic", which has simple equipment and a low price, was also sold for a limited time.
  • 2008A special specification car "3.2 R-DESIGN" is available.A limited edition car with a special sports suspension and special equipment for Volvo's unique and sophisticated styling concept "R-DESIGN". 19-inch specially designed aluminum wheels, dual sports tail pipes, front grille, genuine leather sports seats & sports steering wheel, etc. will be exclusive to R-DESIGN.Limited to 80 units, steering wheel position is on the right.In addition, the front seats of the V8 TE AWD are equipped with "ventilation function" and "massage function", and the second row seats are newly equipped with "seat heater" as standard equipment.Right-hand drive specification, left-hand drive can be selected for V2 TE AWD.
  • 2009Two new models, the "Nordic", which was set as a limited edition car, and the "3.2 R-DESIGN", which was set as a specialty limited edition car, have been newly set as catalog models, and the lineup has been renewed. did. In "Nordic", bi-xenon headlights, genuine leather seats, passenger seat power seats, body-colored wheel arches, and park assist rear are newly standard equipment.The new top-range model of the series, the "2 R Design," is equipped with an electric glass sunroof as standard equipment and Volvo's first 3.2-inch aluminum wheels.With this minor change, the 20cc V4400 engine was abolished.Right-hand drive only setting.
  • 2010From this year, the lineup will be set to two grades, the standard "SE" and the sporty "R-DESIGN" such as special suspension and genuine leather sports seats.In this improvement, a large front emblem has been adopted, and a side view camera is standard equipment on all models.In addition, a front bumper air intake with chrome trim is adopted. The SE is equipped with silver-colored roof rails, speed-sensitive power steering, and 2-inch aluminum wheels as standard equipment.Right-hand drive only setting.
  • 2011Partially improved.There are up to 64 seats, and you can freely arrange the seats.In addition, it is equipped with a side view camera, high performance audio system (160W, 8 speakers / CD player), USB port, etc. Adopt safety functions such as RSC (Roll Stability Control).This time, the model name has been changed from "3.2 SE AWD" to "3.2 AWD SE", and the R-DESIGN package has been added.Right-hand drive only setting.
  • 2012The model name has been changed from "3.2 AWD SE" to "3.2 AWD".Right-hand drive only setting[4].
  • 2013Implemented minor changes again.The lineup includes "3.2 AWD" and "3.2 AWD EXECUTIVE". R-DESIGN is lined up as "3.2 AWD R design".All grades are equipped with a 3.2L in-line 3.2-cylinder engine and have a maximum output of 6 horsepower.The transmission is an automatic with 243-speed geartronic. The "6 AWD EXECUTIVE" is equipped with a dedicated emblem, perforated soft leather seats (front: with ventilation and massage functions), and rear seat heaters (second row).In addition, the anti-theft system "Volvo Guard System (with interior movement sensor)" is standard equipment on all grades.Only the right-hand drive is set.

First model

XC90

XC90 Ocean Race

In early 2005, a special version called the Ocean Race Edition was announced.Special blue color, leather interior with contrast stitching and special interior trim[5]..A total of 800 units were produced[6].

XC Classic

The first Volvo XC90People's Republic of ChinaWas sold as an XC Classic[7].HeilongjiangDaqing CityProduced at Volvo's new factory in[8], The necessary toolsスウェーデンIs shipped from[9]..The equipment level has changed compared to the international specification, the engine is 220horsepower2.5LturbogasolineThere is only one 5-cylinder engine. XC Classic is equipped with all-wheel drive (AWD) as standard equipment.ト ラ ン ス ミ ッ シ ョ ンIs 5 speedmanual, Or 5th speedautomatic[10][11]..Price is lower than the second generation XC2[8].

engine

Spec.D3 AWDD4 FWDD5 FWD / D5 AWDD5 FWD / D5 AWDD5 FWD / D5 AWD2.5T FWD / 2.5T AWD3.2 FWD / 3.2 AWDT6 AWDV8 AWD
Length4811 mm
Width1900 mm
Height1781 mm
Wheelbase2860 mm
Minimum ground clearance231 mm
Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.eu249 L
Capacity5 or 7 people
fueldieselgasoline
Years200920132003-20042005-20112012 – 20142003 – 20062007 – 20142003 – 20052005 – 2011
Dry weight2,029 kg2,127 kg2,065 kg - 2,225 kg2,029 kg1,976 kg2,025 kg - 2,212 kg2,077 kg
engineI5 turboI5 turboI6I6 twin turboV8
Engine codeD5244T5[12]D5244T5D5244TD5244T4[13]D5244T18[14]B5254T2SI6B6294T
Displacement2,401 cc2,401 cc2,401 cc2,401 cc2,401 cc2,521 cc3,129 cc2,922 cc4,414 cc
Fuel economy (mixed)8.1 l / 100 km8.1 L / 100Km8.2 --9 L / 100Km8.3 L / 100Km11.2 l / 100 km10.2–19.9 l / 100 km11.0–13.5 l / 100 km
Fuel economy (country road)6.7 L / 100Km6.9 L / 100Km8.9 l / 100 km8.9 l / 100 km9.8 l / 100 km
Fuel economy (urban area)10.5 L / 100Km10.7 L / 100Km15 l / 100 km14.7–16.8 l / 100 km14.5–18.2 l / 100 km
Maximum output120 kW (120 kW; 163 PS)120 kW (120 kW; 163 PS)120 kW (120 kW; 163 PS)136 kW (136 kW; 185 PS)147 kW (147 kW; 200 PS)155 kW (155 kW; 211 PS)175–179kW (175–179kW; 238–243PS)200 kW (200 kW; 272 PS)232 kW (232 kW; 315 PS)
Maximum torque340 N · m (251 lb · ft) @ 1920-2800 rpm340 N · m (251 lb · ft) @ 1750-3000 rpm340 N · m (251 lb · ft) @400 N · m (295 lb · ft) @ 2000-2750 rpm420 N · m (310 lb · ft) @ 1920-2800 rpm320 N · m (236 lb · ft) @ 1500 rpm320 N · m (236 lb · ft) @ 3200 rpm380 N · m (280 lb · ft) @? rpm441 N · m (325 lb · ft) @ 4000 rpm
Acceleration 0-100 km / h (seconds)11.811.811.510.39.59.3-9.59.07.0-7.3
Top speed190 km / h (118 mph)190 km / h (118 mph)195 km / h (121 mph)204 km / h (127 mph)210 km / h (130 mph)190-209 km / h (-12 mph)215 km / h (134 mph)248 km / h (154 mph)
ト ラ ン ス ミ ッ シ ョ ンautomaticautomaticManual automaticautomatic
CO2 emissions (g / km)216212217-239219269265-281317
Environmental classification (EU)€ 4€ 4€ 3€ 4€ 4€ 4€ 4€ 4€ 4

安全 性

The roof of the XC90Ultra high strength steel plateIt is reinforced with to prevent the passenger seat from falling over when it rolls over.This system is sold as ROPS, Roll Stability Control (RSC),Anti-skid deviceIt is closely related to (DSTC) and Side Impact Absorption System (SIPS) systems to prevent accidents and ultimately minimize accident forces.The United States National Trunk Road Safety Authority measures the 2013 XC90's tilt risk at 17.9%.[15]..Maximum sideway thrust is 0.77g[16].

The rear structure of the XC90 is designed to absorb impact energy and the occupantsWhiplashIt is protected by a protection system (WHIPS).Rear-end collisionIt is designed to hold the occupant at the time.

American Road Safety Insurance Association(IIHS) awarded the Volvo XC90 the Top Safety Pick Award. The XC90 received an IIHS "good" rating in front, side, rear and roof strength tests and was awarded with electronic stability control as standard equipment.[17].

The industry's first role stability control2003First introduced in the XC90[18][19].

Volvo Car Corporation The20077At the end, as there is a risk of battery shortage and fire200590 models of XC42,211recallI announced that.The car will be available from June 2004, 6 to May 7, 05.スウェーデンProduced at the Toslanda plant in Japan.The recall target isThe United States of AmericaカナダVehicles only.

2nd generation (since 2015)

Volvo20125Announced that it will start production of the 2nd generation XC90 in the latter half of 2014, start accepting orders in 2014, and officially start selling in 2015.[20]..This SUVEurope,Asia,North AmericaSold atAmericaWas expected to account for more than one-third of global sales[21].

Every part, including the body, chassis, suspension, and interior and exterior styling, has been newly developed, making it a new era Volvo car.

The design is "Norse mythology"Tall hammerThe design with the motif of "" is used, and the vehicle including the design is highly evaluated, and won the "Best of the Best" product design award of the 2015/04/11 German Red Dot Award, interior design. Awarded of the Year (mass production vehicle category), 2016 North American Truck & SUV of the Year, 2016 SUV of the Year of US Motor Trend, more than 50 worldwide Won the award.

Although it is an SUV with a relatively large body, the fact that the engine to be installed is limited to straight-four is also in line with the times when downsizing was taken into consideration.platformIs also a new developmentScalable product architectureIs adopted.Compared to its predecessor, the body has been expanded in overall length and width, and the overall height has been lowered by about 20 mm.

Japanese specification car

On January 2016, 1, the Japanese specifications were announced.All cars will be set only for AWD, and the engine to be installed will be all car direct 27 and gasoline 4L direct injection turbo, but the top range "T2.0" is combined with an electric motor.PHEVAnd the system output 407PS is generated.It is possible to travel 35.4km with only the motor. The "T6" will be a 320PS turbocharger and supercharger, and the "T5" will be a 254PS turbocharger.The diesel model "D5" was announced and released as a latecomer.Like the gasoline model, it is equipped with a 2L in-line 235-cylinder diesel turbo according to Drive-E and delivers 480ps / XNUMXNm.In addition, as a new system, Power Pulse Technology is adopted for the first time as a Japanese diesel engine.Compressed air can be sent into the turbo during transmission acceleration to reduce turbo lag.

Design

The new XC90 features a double wishbone front suspension and a new integral link rear axle with lightweight lateral leaf springs.ChassisRenewed[22][23]..The new XC90 can also be equipped with an electronically controlled air suspension with five modes to choose from.[24].

In the interior, a 9-inch tablet-like touch screen center display,Steering wheel, Equipped with voice controls, all linked to the interface sold as "Sensus"Internet radio,navigation,parking, Music streaming, OS mirroring,ア ッ プ ル,AndroidTo display cloud-based apps, including devices, on a touchscreen display and use your tablet in the carWi-FiHot spotCan be accessed.In addition, on the center screen between the driver's seat and the passenger seat,OrreforsThere are operation parts such as a shift lever using the crystal of the above, a diamond cut start / stop button, and a drive mode control.

The vehicle seats have also been redesigned with side bolster adjustments, seat cushion extensions, and massages. The second row uses a three-seater seat with a reclining adjustment function.By using the slide function, it is possible to give room to the feet of the occupants in the third row and increase the loading space.The center seat is equipped with an integrated child booster cushion. The XC2 has a 3-seater, but a 3-seater third-row seat is also available.

Volvo Cars' air purification system has been improved with the addition of a new carbon filter to more efficiently capture small particles and pollen in the intake air. The second-generation XC2 uses a 90 ° view camera that allows you to see the surroundings from a bird's-eye view.The rear sensing system enables automatic parking as a "park assist pilot".[25].

The second generation XC2 was created by Volvo's designers.Thor's HammerT-shaped called " LED Daytime lightingAlong with this, Volvo's new, more prominent logo mark is the first model to have a straight line of diagonal metallic slashes covering the grill and the arrow that is the icon.[26][27].

Five models are available: Kinetic (base model), Momentum, Inscription (more luxurious model), R-design (more sporty model), and Excellence (highest grade) (Volvo describes them as "expressions").[28][29].

安全 性

The 2nd generation Volvo XC90 SUV features "run-off road protection and automatic braking at intersections.Intelli SafeIs installed.

Volvo XC90 safety systems include:

  • Run-off road protection: When deviating from the road, the new Volvo XC90 detects what is happening and fastens the front safety belt to maintain the occupant's position.Spinal cord injuryThe energy absorption feature between the seat and the seat frame cushions the vertical forces that can occur when the car encounters a hard landing on the terrain.[28].
  • City safety with automatic braking at intersections:The XC90 is the world's first vehicle equipped with technology that automatically applies the brakes when the driver turns in front of an oncoming vehicle.this ishighwayNot only, it is a scene that is often seen at intersections in the city with heavy traffic.
  • Adaptive Cruise Control, Pilot Assist Congestion Assist:It automatically follows the preceding vehicle when there is a traffic jam while the vehicle is stopped, enabling safe and comfortable semi-autonomous driving.Automatically controls acceleration / braking and steering[28].

Pilot Assist II (2017 model)

Lane departure prevention support systemIs equipped with the semi-autonomous driving technology "Pilot Assist II" as standard equipment on the XC2017 in some markets of the 90 model.[30].

Volvo also claims that "by 2020, no one will be seriously injured or killed in the new Volvo."[31].

Euro NCAPTested the standard 2015-door SUV "XC5" (90 model) in 2016 and considers the XC90 to be "best in class" performance.The National Trunk Road Traffic Safety Authority recorded only rollovers.

National Trunk Road Traffic Safety Bureau[32]Euro NCAP[33]
Synthesis5/5 starsSynthesis5/5 stars
Front-driver5/5 starsAdult occupant37 points / 97%
Front-passenger5/5 starsChild occupants24 points / 87%
Side-driver5/5 starsPedestrian26 points / 72%
Side-passenger5/5 starsDriver assist13 points / 100%
Side pole-driver5/5 stars
Roll over.4/5 stars / 17.9%

American Road Safety Insurance AssociationAlso conducted a crash test of the XC90 and announced the following results.

American Road Safety Insurance Association[34]
CategoryVotes
Small overlap front collision: driver's sideGood
Small overlap front collision: passenger sideGood
Moderate overlap front collisionGood
sideGood
Roof strengthGood
Headrest seatGood

The United KingdomThen.2018More than 5 vehicles have been sold by now, with no recorded driver or passenger deaths[35].

T8

The XC90's T8 plug-in hybrid (PHEV) isVolvo V60 Based on the technology used in PHEVs[21]..The battery located in the center of the vehicle can be charged using the charger of the electric vehicle and alsoRegenerative brakeCan store the energy recovered by[36]..According to Volvo, the XC90 T8 does not sacrifice occupant space or luggage space to carry hybrid equipment.However, in MY2016-2018, the tank capacity has been reduced to 50L and there are no spare tires.[37].

CO2Emissions are 49g / km, and the all-electric mileage in the new European driving cycle is 43km.Normal driving is the default hybrid mode, but the driver can switch to a mode that uses only electricity at the push of a button,Zero emissionRealizing running[38].United States Environmental Protection AgencyIn the (EPA) test, the XC90 T8 has an all-electric mileage of 14miAt (23km), gasoline consumption is a little (0.1gal / 100mi), so the actual all-electric mileage is evaluated as 0 to 13mi (0 to 21km).[39].

In EPA's 5-cycle test, the 2016 model XC90 T8 consumes 100 energy per 58 mi in pure mode (electricity only).kWhThis is a combination of cities and highways.Fuel efficiencyIs 1gallonIt means that it will be 53 miles per gallon (MPG-e) (4.4 L / 100km, 64 mpg-imp gasoline equivalent).EPA's official city / highway fuel economy with only a petrol engine is 25 mpg-US (9.4 L / 100 km; 30 mpg-imp).[40].

XC90 T8 PHEV米 国Delivery started in August 2015[41].EuropeCumulative sales in 2015 were 2,653 units[42], Cumulative sales in the US up to February 2016 are 2 units[43][44]..According to Volvo, plug-in hybrid sales by mid-March 2016 will account for 3% of Volvo XC90's worldwide sales.[45].

Technical information

Spec.D4 FWD / AWDD5 AWDT5 AWDT6 AWDT8 twin engine
Length4950 mm
Width1923 mm
Height1775 mm
Wheelbase2984 mm
Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.eu451 L
Capacity5 or 7 people4 or 7 people
Curb weight2,050-2,130 kg (-176 lb)2,130-2,171 kg (-90 lb)2,105-2,140 kg (-77 lb)2,124-2,165 kg (-90 lb)2,319-2,394 kg (-165 lb)
Tank capacity71 L71 L71 L71 L50 L
CylinderIn-line 4 (4 valves / cylinder)
engine2.0L diesel turbo engine2.0L twin diesel turbo engine2.0L petrol turbo engine2.0L supercharger & turbo engine2.0L supercharger & turbo engine
Displacement1969 cc
Fuel economy (mixed)5.2–5.7 l / 100 km5.7 l / 100 km7.7 l / 100 km8.1 l / 100 km2.1 l / 100 km
Fuel economy (country road)4.9–5.4 l / 100 km5.4 l / 100 km6.7 l / 100 km7 l / 100 km0 l / 100 km
Fuel economy (urban area)5.8–6.2 l / 100 km6.3 l / 100 km9.5 l / 100 km10.1 l / 100 km0 l / 100 km
Maximum output from 190 HP225 hp @ 4250 rpm from 245 HP320 PS @ 5700 rpm from 408 HP
Maximum torque400 N · m (295 lb · ft)470 N · m (347 lb · ft) @ 1750–2500 rpm350 N · m (258 lb · ft)400 N · m (295 lb · ft) @ 2200–4500 rpm640 N · m (472 lb · ft)
Acceleration 0-100km / h (seconds)9.2-9.47.88.26.55.6
Top speed200–205 km / h (124–127 mph)220 km / h (137 mph)215 km / h (134 mph)230 km / h (143 mph)230 km / h (143 mph)
ト ラ ン ス ミ ッ シ ョ ンElectronically controlled forward 8-speed A / T
CO2 emissions (g / km)136-14914917618449
Environmental classification (EU)Euro 6bEuro 6bEuro 6bEuro 6bEuro 6b
Price502900–905420 SEK (2017-07-10)557000–940420 SEK (2017-07-10)547000–930420 SEK (2017-07-10)587000–970420 SEK (2017-07-10)806000–1371750 SEK (2017-07-10)

Recognition

  • Motor Trend 2003 SUV of the Year
  • Motor Trend 2016 SUV of the Year
  • Yahoo Auto 2016 Tech Ride of the Year[46]
  • Yahoo Auto 2016 Ride of the Year[47]
  • 2016 North American International Auto Show Utility of the Year-Detroit Motor Show 2016[48]
  • 2015 Best AWD SUV-Australia's Best Car[49]
  • 2016 South Africa Car of the Year[50]
  • RJC Car of the Year・ Import (2017)[51]

footnote

[How to use footnotes]

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  38. ^ “Volvo XC90 T8 Twin Engine in a class of its own at 49 g / km CO2” (English) (Press Release), Volvo Car Corporation, (April 2015, 4), https://www.media.volvocars.com/global/en-gb/media/pressreleases/161950/volvo-xc90-t8-twin-engine-in-a-class-of-its-own-at-49-gkm-co2 2016/3/20Browse. 
  39. ^ "2016 Volvo XC90 AWD PHEV" (English). Fueleconomy.gov. US Environmental Protection Agency and US Department of Energy (March 2016, 3). 2016/3/18Browse.
  40. ^ "2016 Volvo XC90 AWD PHEV" (English). Fueleconomy.gov. US Environmental Protection Agency and US Department of Energy (March 2016, 3). 2016/3/18Browse.
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  42. ^ Pontes, Jose (January 2016, 1). “Europe December 2015" (English). evsales.com. 2016/3/20Browse.
  43. ^ Cobb, Jeff (September 2016, 1). “December 2015 Dashboard” (English). HybridCars.com and Baum & Associates. http://www.hybridcars.com/december-2015-dashboard/ 2016/3/20Browse.  A total of 86 units of the Volvo XC90 T8 plug-in hybrid were sold in the US in 2015.
  44. ^ Cobb, Jeff (September 2016, 3). “February 2016 Dashboard” (English). HybridCars.com and Baum & Associates. http://www.hybridcars.com/february-2016-dashboard/ 2016/3/20Browse.  A total of 402 units of the Volvo XC90 T8 plug-in hybrid were sold in the US in 2015.
  45. ^ King, Danny (March 2016, 3). “Volvo wants global, standardized charging infrastructure” (English). Autoblog.com. http://www.autoblog.com/2016/03/15/volvo-global-standard-charging-infrastructure/ 2016/3/20Browse.  See press release.
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  47. ^ "2016 Yahoo Autos Ride of the Year: Volvo XC90”(English). Yahoo !. 2015/11/18Browse.
  48. ^ "Honda, Volvo top awards at Detroit show”(English). Yahoo! (January 2016, 1). 2016/1/13Browse.
  49. ^ "Volvo XC90 Inscription-D5 review --NRMA 2015 Australia's best cars winner AWD SUV $ 65,000- $ 125,000". australiasbestcars.com.au. 2016/2/25Browse.
  50. ^ "2016 SA Car of the Year: And the winner is ...”(English). News24 (March 2016, 3). 2016/3/9Browse.
  51. ^ "Volvo XC Series | Volvo Car Japan". www.volvocars.com. 2020/7/29Browse.

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