Photo This cut is the most famous Swiss railway in Japan. The Rhaetian Railway, which runs an electric locomotive with the "Hakone Tozan Railway" painted in Chinese characters, has a sister railway tie-up with the Hakone Tozan Railway, which is the same mountain railway.Photo: Nobuo Matsuzawa /
Pay attention to the railways of Switzerland, one of Europe's leading industrialized countries!The timetable and driving method will also be helpful for Japan
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The Swiss intercity high-speed train "InterCity" operates at a maximum speed of 200 km / h.
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Its nature isJR OfLimited express trainClose to, relatively centered on major citiesLong distanceDedicatedvehicleOf each line section usingTop speedDriven by.In many countriesJapan OfExpress chargeThere is an additional charge / special charge equivalent to, but in some countries this is not necessary, even if it is necessary.Japanese yenIt only needs to add about 500 yen in terms of conversion, which is often cheaper than the JR limited express fare.
Germany,スイス,オーストリア,デンマークEspecially, the network is well developed.Easy to remember every hour or every two hours in these countriesPattern diamondIs adopted, and different systems are the same at major stations due to waiting time of several minutes.HomeでFace-to-face transferIt is a feature that consideration is given so that.
However, depending on the country, long distances that generally connect domestic cities without performing pattern diamonds or interconnection as in the above countriesHonor trainThe word "intercity" is sometimes used as the type name of (a train equivalent to a limited express train).
InterCity OriginallyBritish RailwaysWas the name given to a similar honor train, but it is no longer used as a formal name in the country due to the privatization of the Japanese National Railways.
English-speaking countriesOther thanEnglishThe word intercity is used, but the spelling isThe United KingdomThere are some differences, such as InterCity or Inter-City in Germany, Intercity in Germany, and InterCity in Switzerland and Austria..
Cases of each country
West GermanyAt the time1968To connect citiesF-Zug(Limited express train), The names "Intercity A" to "Intercity F" were first given to 6 round trips.1971May 9In the timetable revision, an intercity system that connects major cities at equal intervals was constructed by reorganizing the conventional F-Zug.Initially composed only of first class,MAKE"RheingoldPassenger car equivalent to ", orMAKEWas used for.The operation systems at the beginning of the setting are as follows, and each system is set with a pattern diagram at 2-hour intervals, and the main stations (Hanover,Cologne,Dortmund,Mannheim,Wurzburg In), cross-platform connections were made between different systems.
- Line 1 (Linie 1):Hamburg - Bremen - Munster - Dortmund - Essen - Duisburg - Dusseldorf - Cologne - Bonn - Koblenz - Mainz - Mannheim - Heidelberg - Stuttgart - Ulm - Augsburg - Munich
- Line 2 (Linie 2):Hanover - Bielefeld - Ham - Dortmund - Haagen - Wuppertal - Cologne - Bonn - Koblenz -Wiesbaden - Frankfurt am Main - Wurzburg - Nuremberg - Augsburg - Munich
- Line 3 (Linie 3):Hamburg - Hanover - Göttingen - Fulda - Frankfurt am Main - Mannheim - Karlsruhe - Freiburg - Basel
- Line 4 (Linie 4): Bremen - Hanover - Göttingen - Bebra - Fulda - Wurzburg (– Ingolstadt) - Munich
1979May 5In the timetable revision, "Intercity '79A major reform called "" has been carried out. Due to the increase in the number of service systems, it has become possible to secure boarding opportunities at hourly intervals on major lines, and in addition to first-class cars, second-class cars are also connected. The West German National Railways at that time was "Jede Stunde, jede Klasse"(Translated into English" Every hour, every class ", translated into Japanese"Departs every hour, connects each etc.We made efforts to publicize "InterCity" with the slogan ").1980 eraThe expansion continued even after entering.
Germany reunificationImmediately before1990In summerEast GermanyThe first InterCity that goes directly toJohann Sebastian Bach"issue(Frankfurt am Main - Leipzig) Was set, and after the unification, it expanded to the former East Germany region.19916Started drivingICEGradually replaced InterCity.On the other hand, InterCity is increasing the number of strains by incorporating a part of the old (IR).CurrentGerman railwayIn, InterCity is positioned as the second-largest train after ICE.
In SwitzerlandSwiss Federal Railways (Swiss Federal Railways) 1982Introduced a pattern diamond with train time intervals of 60 minutes and started the operation of InterCity.No additional charges will be collected.It is used not only between cities but also for commuting and can be crowded, so the maximum speed is 200 km / h on major sections.XNUM X floor OfIC2000Is used. AlsoICNThe maximum speed is 200 km / hPendulum vehicleIs also in operation.
In SwitzerlandRail 2000 planByHigh-speed new lineIn Japan, we are constructing and improving stations, implementing pattern diamonds at 30-minute intervals, improving the convenience of connections such as intercity at major stations, and shortening the time required between cities. ..
In Austria, InterCity operates every hour or two on the main trunk lines, but there are relatively many stops, and it has the character of an express or rapid train.In austriaEuro CityIs set not only as an international train but also as a domestic train, and is positioned as a high-ranking train with a longer operating distance and fewer stops than InterCity.
イタリアIn, the service is operated by connecting major cities in Japan.There is also InterCity Night (ICN), which connects sleepers as night trains.Vehicle renewals are now being phased in, and those that have done so are operating under the name Intercity Plus (ICP).
In addition,Eurostar ItaliaWas once used inETR500There is also a train called Eurostar City (ESc), which operates with only the locomotives of the Eurostar City connected to both ends of the InterCity passenger car.The fare for this train is set between InterCity and Eurostar Italia.
InterCity in Italy requires reservations for all reserved seats and has a comprehensive fare system, so the fare varies depending on the time of ticket purchase.
NetherlandsRailroads connect cities in Japan like a mesh, but "InterCity" is positioned as an express train that connects these cities, such as Japanese private railway limited express trains and JR trains.Limited express-Special rapidIt can be said that it is close to.Each system has a pattern schedule at intervals of 30 to 60 minutes, and connections between different systems at major stations and slow and fast connections with ordinary trains are also made.Some trains may stop at each station at the end.
Basically completed in the Netherlands, but the capitalAmsterdamWhen,ベルギーThe capital ofブ リ ュ ッ セ ルTieBeneluxtrein(The display at the station is simplyIntercity),Germany OfBerlin,HanoverInterCity towardsGerman railwayThere are also international trains such as (operated by passenger cars).
Except for InterCity with Germany, no special charges are collected and seats cannot be selected.
ベルギーInterCity covers major cities in the country, some of which span foreign countries.Liege - ブ リ ュ ッ セ ルThe intercity between them is HSL2 (Belgian high speed rail line 2), And the maximum speed is 200 km / h.
スペインRailroad operatorRENFE Madrid - ア ビ ラ - Valladolid - Burgos - Vitoria - Il-hoon - HendayeBetween (a town on the border between France and Spain, belonging to the French side)"Intercity"Is driving one round trip a day (2007Winter timetable).
The 448 type limited express train is used, and the maximum speed is 160km / h, 643km, which takes about 7 hours.All sections go through the broad-gauge conventional line, not the standard-gauge high-speed new line.
1990 eraIn addition to the aboveMadrid - バ レ ン シ ア,Madrid - Zaragoza,Madrid - Logroño,Madrid - Pamplona,Madrid - マ ラ ガAlthough it was also set for each system of, high-speed new line (AVE) Opening andTalgo,AlarisCurrently, there is only one round trip due to replacement with.
ポーランドIn, PKP Intercity operates intercity trains.The maximum speed is 160 km.
ハンガリーThen.BudapestInterCity is operated radially every two or four hours in each city in the country.The main destinations from Budapest areDebrecen,Nyiregyhaza,Miskolc,Szeged,Sopron,Szombathely,Pech,BekéscavaAnd so on in RomaniaBucharestSome are operated up to.
チ ェ コ
1980ToInternational Railway Union TheInternational trainWe decided to use the type of intercity for the above, and 18 round-trip international intercity was born.Of these, 15 round trips extended West Germany's InterCity to other countries, while 3 round trips were unrelated to Germany...Then onceMAKEMany international long-distance trains, such as those that were, have become intercity.
- Euro City
- Kyushu passenger railway(JR Kyushu) --For our limited express trainINTERCITY AROUND THE KYUSHUI put the logo.
- Inter Urban
- Intercity rail
- Transport Express
- L limited express
- Malaspina, Jean-Pierre (2006), Trains d'Europe -Tome 2-, Paris: La Vie du Rail, ISBN-2 915034-49-4
- (Magazine) (2008) (German). Intercity-(BAHN EXTRA 4/2008 --Juli / August). Munich, Germany: GeraMond. ISBN 978-3-89724-202-9
- ZP; GM, “Die Anfäng des Intercity-Systems”, pp. 12 --13
- Schönborn, Hans-Bernhard, “Intercity-Züge in Europa”, pp. 88 --90