Qantas operates 3 mystery flights
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Qantas was conducting mystery flights in the 1990s.
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Qantas is AustraliaFlag carrierIt is the largest company in Japan in terms of the number of aircraft and the number of cities serving international and domestic flights. Established in November 1920KLM Royal Dutch Airlines,Avianca AirlinesIt is the third oldest airline in the world after, and international passenger flights started in May 3.The original company name was "Queensland and Northern Territory Aerial Services Ltd ”(QANTAS, Queensland Northern Territory Aviation Service Co., Ltd.)..It has the nickname of a flying kangaroo.Oneworld allianceIs a founding member of.
SydneyBased on a suburban mascotSydney International AirportIs a hub. As of March 2014, it has a 3% share of domestic flights, and international flights have a 65% share of the total of passengers entering Australia and passengers leaving Australia.In Australia, various subsidiaries are operating in remote centers and highway air routes under the name QantasLink.The subsidiary JetConnect is under the Qantas brand in Australia.New ZealandOperates between.Qantas is a low-cost carrier that operates international flights from Australia and domestic flights to Australia and New Zealand.JetstarOwns and co-sponsors many other Jetstar brands.
Australia is geographically far from the world, so there are many long-haul flights with long flights.TraditionallyFlight attendantEmploys many men[Source required]..First in the worldbusiness classIn addition to introducing747In relation to large equipment for long distancesBoeingIt has strong ties with the company, but in recent yearsAirbusIs also being introduced.
QANTAS Ltd1920May 11ToQueenslandWas established in.Initially headquartered in a small town called Longreach in the western desert, it conducted tourist flights and postal flights subsidized by the state government.
1934To Qantas and EnglandImperial AirwaysEstablished a joint venture.The company name is Qantas Empire Airways, each holding a 49% stake and an independent arbitrator holding a 2% stake.Qantas Empire AirwaysThe United KingdomMade ofDe Havilland usingBrisbane~SingaporeStarted operation between.Imperial Airways1933Since it had a regular flight between London and Singapore, it became possible to fly from Australia to the United Kingdom.
1938This line was replaced by a seaplane service using a short 23 Empire seaplane flying boat.From sydneySouthamptonService to passengers at transit pointsHotelIt took 9 days because I had to stay at.
Second World War
Many of the Qantas Empire Airways equipment1939From October1945By the time it was recruited by the Australian Army, many of the aircraftJapanese armyFor battle with (1942 Qantas Short Empire Shot DownEtc.) Lost during flight.
1943~1944, Qantas Empire Airways was at war at the timeJapanese armyDespite being threatened byPerth (Western Australia)And Ceylon (nowSri Lanka) Was operated by a seaplane flying boat.Flight is including the Japanese armyAxis powersIt took more than 24 hours without radio to avoid military attacks.In CeylonBritish Overseas Airlines(British AirwaysWas in contact with (the predecessor of).
After the war
In 1947, Qantas Empire Airwaysprime ministerLeadAustralian Labor PartyRequisitioned by the administration.This allowed the federal government to survive as an unlisted public enterprise with a 100% stake.At the same time, the parent company Qantas was dissolved.This measure continued in the subsequent conservative government.Despite this situation, the company worked with British Overseas Airways.Avro LancastrianUsedSydney~UKStarted to operate between.
1948In addition, it is a state-of-the-art large propeller airliner at that time.Lockheed L-049 ConstellationIn response to the delivery of, we proceeded with the introduction mainly on long-distance routes.The company's network has undertaken operations of British Commonwealth Pacific Airlines (BCPA).1954ToThe Pacific OceanExtended beyond.
1948ToDouglas DC-4By one flight a weekIwakuni baseStarted to board and again1952By Douglas DC-4 twice a weekHaneda airportStarted to enter.After that, the line became largerDouglas DC-6It was taken over by Lockheed L-188 and was made more daily.
1960 eraOf large jet airlinersBoeing 707While promoting the introduction ofAsiaas well as the Middle Eastvia,AmericaAndメキシコviaUKToRound the World RouteWe pushed forward with expansion routes, such as operating.
The company1967Was renamed to "Qantas Airways Limited".
From 1993 to 1997, the shares held by the federal government were sold and privatized.However, the law stipulates that more than 51% of the shares are owned by Australians.
2006, Will integrate the brands into Qantas and Jetstar, and announced the closure of its subsidiary Australian Airlines.
On October 2016, 10, a new paint was announced for the introduction of the Boeing 28 in 2017 the following year.Based on the concept of evolving the brand while retaining the fundamental elements of the flying kangaroo, a shadow was created on the kangaroo mark to give it a sense of dynamism and depth, and a silver line was added from the vertical stabilizer to the rear of the fuselage to create a sense of luxury.In addition, under the cockpit window, the "winged kangaroo" mark that was once drawn on the tail wing is drawn in a form that inherits the tradition..
March 2018, 3, the first commercial flight in historyKangaroo routeNon-landing route (Perth-London Heathrow Airport) Was opened, the travel distance will be 15,000 km, and the flight will be 17 hours, but it will be about 3 hours shorter than the conventional flight via the Middle East...In QantasLongest flightWe are continuing our efforts to extend the number of non-landing direct flights to Australia, Europe and North America, "Project Sunrise". In October 2019, we will carry an employee with a measuring instrument during the delivery flight of the 10-787 in London. Will investigate the effects of flights from London and London (about 9 hours).
Japan routes are currentlyTokyo International Airport,KIX,New Chitose Airport(Seasonal operation)- Sydney International AirportAnd betweenNarita International Airport - Brisbane Airport,Melbourne Airport(Melbourne route is scheduled to be transferred to Haneda from March 2020, 3) 28 routes, other routesJet Star AirlinesTransferred to.
|Model||Number of operating machines||Number of ordered machines||Passenger capacity||Remarks|
|A350-1000ULR||0||12||-||-||-||-||-||Scheduled to be received in 2023|
QantasLinkThe aircraft consists of the following aircraft (as of August 2011):
- Boeing 717-20011 molds (2 are being ordered)
- DHC-845 molds
- 8 DHC-200-5 aircraft, 8 DHC-300-15 aircraft andDHC-8-Q400Consists of 25 molds (3 are being ordered)
Incidentally,1992から1994Until thenJapan AirlinesIs QantasBoeing 747-300(3 aircraft of VH-EBT / EBX / EBY) have been leased and operated together with the flight crew (XNUMX aircraft)Code share flightsNot a pure Japan Airlines flight.AlsoFlight attendantWas on board by Japan Airlines).The aircraft was painted in full color by Japan Airlines, but the rear fuselage was "Operated by QANTASThere is a notation of ", and also of the tailTsurumaru(Japan AirlinesLogo) Is small.The timetable stated that for flights operated by the aircraft, "In-flight services will be provided by Japan Airlines flight attendants, but will be operated by Qantas aircraft and flight attendants."
The B767-300ER was the last flight on December 2014, 12, on QF27 from Melbourne to Sydney.The successor is the A767.
Special painting machine
- "Nalanji Dreaming"
- Boeing 747-300(VH-EBU), (*)
- "Wunala Dreaming"
- First machine-Boeing 747-400 (VH-OJB)[Annotation 5], (**)
- Unit 2-Boeing 747-400ER (VH-OEJ)[Annotation 6]
- "Yananyi Dreaming"
- Boeing 737-800 (VH-VXB) (Yanani is an indigenous word that means "traveling" or "going."）
- "Formula 1"
- Boeing 747-400 (VH-OJC), (**)
- "QANTAS SOCCEROOS"
- Boeing 747-400 (VH-OJS)
- "one world "
- Boeing 747-400ER (VH-OEB), (***)
- Boeing 747-400 (VH-OJU)
- Airbus 330-200 (VH-EBL)
- "COME PLAY"
- Boeing 747-400ER (VH-OEB)
(*); Currently, the aircraft itself has been retired from the company. , (**); Currently, it is operated by normal painting. , (***); Currently, it is operated by another special paint.
- Jet Star Airlines
- Emirates Airlines
- New Guinea Airlines
- South African Airways
- China Eastern Airlines
- El Al Airlines
- Alaska Airlines
- Alitalia-Italian Airlines
- Aeropelican Air Services
- Vanuatu Airlines
- Brindabella Airlines
The company, which has many long-haul routes, is also focusing on in-flight services.State-of-the-art equipmentAirbus A380All and some Boeing 747-400s (including ER type)first class,business class,Premium economy,Economy classIn 4 classes, the Boeing 747-400 is in 3 classes: Business Class, Premium Economy and Economy Class.[Annotation 7]..The Airbus A330 consists of two classes, business class and economy class. The first class of the A2 / B380-747 (ER) is a sleeper bed type, and some of the A400 / B380-747 (including ER) are equipped with a full flat type skybed in the business class.
In addition, the A380, B747-400, and A330-300 are equipped with an on-demand in-flight entertainment system in all seats, and many programs can be viewed by using the AVOD program.In non-economy class seats, AC power outlets compatible with laptop computers are also installed.
In-flight mealWill be different for each class, but for first class in cooperation with Rockpool, and for business class and premium economy class, meals supervised by Neil Perry will be provided. The B747-400 and A330-300 also have a bar counter where you can enjoy light meals and drinks.Economy class offers snacks, light meals, drinks such as tea and coffee, and depending on the route, meals are prepared according to the applicable time zone.
Early television commercial campaigns, which began in 1969 and lasted for decades, were aimed at American viewers.In the voice of Howard Morris, Koalas complained that many tourists were coming to Australia and concluded, "I hate Qantas."This koala commercial has always been hailed as the finest commercial.In a long-running advertising campaign, children's Peter Allen's “I Still Call Australia Home” at various famous attractions in Australia and abroad, such as Venice. It features a performance that we chorus.Cantus is the main sponsor of the Cantas Wallabies of the Australian National Rugby Union Team and the sponsor of The Socceroo of the Australia's national association football team.And he is the main sponsor of the Formula One Australian Grand Prix. Operates Australian Cricket on December 2011, 12
Paris-based Australian designer Martin Grant is responsible for the new uniforms for Qantas employees, officially announced on April 2013, 4.This uniform has changed from the name of designer Peter Morrissey to the previous uniform that employees routinely called Morissei.Qantas advertising ambassador and model Miranda Kerr helped show off her new uniform in navy blue, red and fuchsia pink.Qantas Chief Executive Alan Joyce said at an announcement event modeled on Qantas employees that the new uniform "tells Australian style on a global stage."Grant talked with Qantas employees for over a year to narrow down to the 16 styles that were finally produced.Not all employees were happy with the new uniform, and one of the flight attendants said, "Uniforms are so cramped that they are simply not realistic for the very physical work we have to do."
Accidents and breakdowns
In some movies, it is said that "there is no accident since the start of the business", but this is false and not true.In the official announcement, "JetI have never crashed. "Prior to that, he had multiple fatal accidents.
- 1942 Qantas Short Empire Shot Down
- On January 1942, 1, the Qantas flying boat Corio was shot down by a Japanese operational aircraft while flying off West Timor, Dutch East Indies.Thirteen crew members and passengers were killed.
- Qantas De Havilland Drawbar crash
- 1951May 7De Havilland Drawbar (VH-EBQ) due to engine failureパ ュ ュ ニ ニAll seven passengers and crew were killed in the crash.
- Qantas flight 1 overrun accident
- 1999May 9,Kangaroo route1 flight from Sydney to London via Bangkok (Boeing 747-400)ButDon Muang AirportOverrun at the time of landing.There were no deaths and only 38 minor injuries.However, the aircraft was severely damaged and almost completely damaged, but it was repaired and restored at a cost of about 1 million dollars to maintain its reputation..
- 2005May 8,NaritaDeparturePerthFlight 70 (toAirbus A330)ButWakayamaKushimotoThe fire warning light in the cargo compartment was activated multiple times while flying about 900 km offshore.KIXDiverted to.After landing, an external confirmation by the fire department requested by the pilot reported that white smoke was rising from the nose, so the pilot chose an emergency evacuation using a shooter, but at that time one out of 194 passengers Severe pelvic fractures and minor injuries to 1 people.Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and TourismAir and Rail Accident Investigation CommitteeConcluded that the lighting of the cargo compartment fire warning light was a malfunction, and that the white smoke after landing misidentified that water vapor was generated by the adiabatic expansion of the high-pressure air discharged from the thermometer..
- Qantas Aircraft 30 Aircraft Damage Accident
- 2008 May 7,London Heathrow AirportDeparture Melbourne Tullamarine AirportGo (Hong Kong International AirportVia Qantas flight 30 (aircraft used:Boeing 747-438, VH-OJK) Suddenly an emergency oxygen cylinder exploded in front of the cargo compartment, leaving a hole in the front right of the fuselage near the base of the main wing.The aircraft made an emergency descent to 10,000 feet.After that, the aircraft was safeフィリピン OfNinoy Aquino International AirportDiverted to.Several people complained of nausea when disembarking, but 365 passengers and crew were not injured.On the 30th of the same month, the Australian Transport Safety Bureau determined that it was caused by the explosion of an oxygen cylinder (prepared for an emergency oxygen mask) loaded in the cargo hold.At the time of the accident, oxygen masks were distributed on board, but less than 10 passengers could not be secured.
- Qantas Flight 72 plunge accident
- 2008May 10,Singapore Changi International AirportDeparturePerth International AirportGoingAirbus A330-300The aircraft (VH-QPA) plummeted due to an unintended nose down during flight.The aircraft had 303 passengers and 12 crew members, of whom 119 were injured and 12 were seriously injured, but fortunately no one died.The cause was a bug in the software called ADIRU installed on the A330 and A340 aircraft.
- Qantas Flight 32 Engine Explosion Accident
- 2010May 11,Singapore Changi International AirportDepartureSydney International AirportGoingAirbus A380-800Type machineIndonesia OfBatamThe second engine exploded in the sky, so before noon on the same day,SingaporeDiverted to.According to local television, smoke was rising from the bottom of the aircraft at the time of landing, but the fire engine on standby was extinguished.There were 440 passengers and 29 crew members on board, but no one was injured.When the second engine exploded, the cover fell off and debris fell into the private house, but at the time of the fall there were no people in the private house and no one died.This was the first accident in A380 history.Also, the next night, from Singapore to SydneyBoeing 747Immediately after taking off from Changi International Airport, the aircraft made an emergency landing at the airport again due to engine trouble.
Gender discrimination issues
In November 2005, it became clear that Qantas had a policy of not allowing adult male passengers to sit next to unaccompanied children.This led to accusations of discrimination.This policy isNew ZealandIt was revealed after a 2004 incident in which a passenger sitting next to a boy on a Qantas flight was asked to change seats with a female passenger.Flight attendant"It is the airline's policy that only women are allowed to sit next to unaccompanied children," he told the male guest. Representative of the NSW Citizens Freedom CouncilCriticized the policy, saying that "there was no basis for the ban."He also said it was wrong to assume that all adult men pose a danger to children.The policy has also been criticized for not taking into account female abusers.
2010 years,British AirwaysQantas again claimed that it "reflected parents' concerns" to ban men from sitting next to unaccompanied children when he was asked to change his child's seating policy.[Annotation 8] Controversy in August 2012 when a flight attendant had to exchange seats with a female passenger after noticing that a male passenger was sitting next to an unrelated girl traveling alone Resurfaced.The male passenger who is a nursePedophiliaHe said he was discriminated against and humiliated by other passengers. A Qantas spokesman defended the policy as consistent with the policies of Australia and other airlines around the world.[Annotation 9]
"Australia Asia Airlines"
People's Republic of ChinaQantas continues to confront the People's Republic of China because it has a route toRepublic of China(Taiwan) Could not operate.Therefore1990Qantas operates routes to the Republic of ChinaAustralia Asia AirlinesWas established.British Asia Airways,Air France AsieInstead of operating under the guise of another company likeJapan Asian AirlinesIt was another company similar to.The airline code is the IATA2 letterIM, ICAO 3 letterAAUMet.
い く つ か のBoeing 747SPas well as the 767The aircraft was transferred from Qantas.The design of the vertical stabilizer had two A-symbolized ribbons drawn on a red background.But the company1996The flight was canceled.
2007,AustraliaからIndiaOn the flight to business class OfWCでFlight attendant An actor OfRafe FinesとSexAndMumbai OfHotelBut it was reported that he spent the night together.This is in exchange for the information fee by the crewNewspaper companyDiscovered by posting to.The flight attendant in questionDismissalWas done.
- ^ QF stands for QANTAS Flight
- ^ "Qantas"Wikipedia English version November 2010, 11 6:11 UTC.
- ^ Another pronunciation notation is "KWON-tuhs" There is.
- ^ Fordum as pronounced by Australians "Pronunciation of Qantas" (Audio file), FORVO, viewed August 2008, 8, December 25, 2010.
- ^ This is the company's first special painting machine.KIXOpening date (September 1994, 9), andKeitoku Airport"Memorial Flight" is being held on the closing day of the port (July 1998, 7).
- ^ Unlike the first machine, the engine is not specially painted.
- ^ Some Boeing 747-400s are not equipped with Premium Economy.
- ^ Incidentally,British AirwaysDue to the proceedings, the lawsuit withdrew the policy prohibiting men from sitting next to unaccompanied children.
- ^ However, to the best of our knowledge, airlines that have this policy are not Qantas.Air New ZealandとVirgin AustraliaOnly.
- ^ "Contact | Qantas (Japanese)". www.qantas.com. 2020th of February 8Browse.
- ^ "History"(English), Qantas Airways Limited, viewed November 2010, 11
- ^ "Airlines using Altea with routes to and from Japan (as of June 2015)”(Japanese). Amadeus Japan. 2015th of February 9Browse.
- ^ "Airlines using Amadeus" (English). Amadeus IT Group. 2015th of February 9Browse.
- ^ 
- ^ Qantas renews kangaroo logo with introduction of 787--dynamic feeling that makes use of streamlines -Mynavi news
- ^ Qantas unveils new logo --but not everyone's convinced ―― 9news.com.au
- ^ What's happening on the Qantas "17-hour direct flight" - Oriental economyonline
- ^ Qantas, 787, 19-hour survey flight Australia-NY / London direct flight view
- ^ Qantas Australia to experiment with "world's longest" 19-hour direct flight - with the BBC
- ^ Qantas changes to year-round operation on Osaka / Kansai-Sydney route opened in December Operates 12 flights a week Traicy Retrieved September 2017, 9
- ^  FlyTeam Retrieved April 2019, 4
- ^ Qantas and Emirates announce additional reorganization of flight routes due to joint business extension FlyTeam Retrieved April 2017, 10
- ^ "Airbus 330-200 Seat Map for Configuration: 36 Business; 199 Economy – International" (year 2014). 2014th of February 5Browse.
- ^ "Qantas Fleet Details and History". www.planespotters.net. 2020th of February 8Browse.
- ^ "Airbus 330-200 Seat Map for Configuration: 28 Business; 243 Economy – Domestic" (year 2015). 2015th of February 1Browse.
- ^ "Airbus 330-300 Seat Map for Configuration: 28 Business; 269 Economy – International" (year 2015). 2015th of February 6Browse.
- ^ "Qantas Fleet Details and History". www.planespotters.net. 2020th of February 8Browse.
- ^ "Airbus 380 Seat Map for Configuration: 14 First; 64 Business; 35 Premium Economy; 371 Economy" (year 2014). 2014th of February 5Browse.
- ^ "Boeing 737–800 Seat Map for Configuration: 12 Business; 162 Economy-" (year 2016). 2016th of February 2Browse.
- ^ “Qantas reveals Boeing 787-9 Dreamliner seating, configuration”. Australian Business Traveler 2016th of February 10Browse.
- ^ http://www.theqantassource.com/specialliveries.html[Broken link]
- ^ “CHICAGO HEALTH REPORT.”. The Lancet 195 (5044): 976–978. (1920-05). two:10.1016 / s0140-6736 (00) 80907-1. ISSN 0140-6736.
- ^ http://araic.assistmicro.co.jp/aircraft//download/pdf/%E7%B5%8C%E9%81%8E%E5%A0%B1%E5%91%8A060929-VH-QPE.pdf
- ^ Thomson, Ainsley (November 2005, 11). “Ban on men sitting next to children” (English). ISSN 1170-0777 2019th of February 8Browse.
- ^ "Qantas ban on men'discriminatory' | NEWS.com.au Business". web.archive.org (September 2008, 5). 2019th of February 8Browse.
- ^ "7.30 Report --24/4/2000: Qantas moves to reassure after Boeing 747 failure". web.archive.org (September 2007, 10). 2019th of February 8Browse.
- ^ Jabour, Bridie (August 2012, 8). “Nurse'humiliated' by Qantas policy" (English). The Age. 2019th of February 8Browse.
- Jet Star Airlines
- Jetstar Asia Airlines
- Nauru airlines
- Australian Airlines
- John Travolta --Qantas Goodwill Ambassador For private use of Qantas painting of yesteryearBoeing 707Owns
- Kangaroo route
- May 3 - Namibia Republic of South AfricaMore independent
- May 6 - ペルーIn the presidential election held inNikkei OfAlberto FujimoriIs elected.
- May 8 - Iraqi army クウェートInvades.
- May 9 --With the Soviet Union South Korea Diplomatic relationsEstablished.
- May 10 - to East MalaysiaWestGermanyIs unified (Germany reunification).
- May 11 - The United KingdomThen.Margaret ThatcherWas replaced from the administration in 11 and newlyJohn Major prime ministerBecomes
- チリReturn to civilian rule
- May 1 - Soviet armySuppresses the independence movement of the Republic of Lithuania by force (Bloody Sunday Incident).
- May 1 - Gulf WarBroke out.
- May 4 - GorbachevThe president came to Japan for the first time as the head of state of the Soviet Union.Toshiki Kaifuprime ministerTalks with.
- May 8 - USSRでCommunist Party ConservativesbyCoup d'etatOccurred (Soviet Union August coup).
- May 8 - ラトビア-リトアニア-エストニアRe-independence.
- May 9 --Jazz trumpeterMiles DavisDied.
- May 11 - Tim Berners-Lee,World Wide WebTheインターネットPublished above.
- May 11 - Queen OfFreddie MercuryDied.
- May 12 --President Gorbachev resigns.Soviet UnionCollapse..Then to the "Russian Federation".
- Germany,BerlinDecided to relocate the capital to
- ScientistSumio IijimaBycarbon nanotube"Discovered.
- Find Wally!There is a boom.
- Federal Republic of Yugoslaviaでスロベニア,クロアチアDeclares independence from the Commonwealth.Kosovo also tried to withdraw from the integration following the two countries,Yugoslavia conflictBegins.The conflict with Croatia becomes a quagmire.
- Mazda 787B, The first Japanese car24 Hours of Le MansOverall victory
- Myanmar OfAung San Suu KyiToNobel Peace Prize.
- May 2 - Albertville OlympicsHolding
- May 4 - Los Angeles Riotoutbreak
- May 7 - Barcelona OlympicHolding
- May 8 - Chugokuと South KoreaEstablished diplomatic relations.
- Bosnia and Herzegovina Conflictoutbreak.Serbia, Croatia,MuslimIt becomes a miserable civil war when the three powers of.
- May 1 - EuropeでEuropean Union(EU) is established.
- May 1 - Bill Clinton,George HW BushTake overPresident of the United StatesAppointed to.
- Marc AndreessenWeb browserNCSA Mosaicpublish. It was the catalyst for the spread of the World Wide Web.
- May 10 - ロシアでYeltsinThe confrontation between the president and the parliamentary forces intensified,October political changeBroke out.
- May 2 - Lillehammer OlympicsHolding
- May 4 - NirvanaVocals ofカ ー ト · コ バ ー ンDeath
- Palestinian AuthorityEstablished.
- RwandaMore than one million people were slaughtered.
- May 4 - Republic of South AfricaIn all race participation elections,Nelson MandelaTo the president.
- May 5 - Ayrton SennaDied in an accident during the race
- May 5 - English Channel TunnelOpening
- May 7 - north korea OfHead of stateIsKim Il SungDied
- May 8 - Major league baseballIs the longest in the history of professional sports for 232 daysstrikeRush into1994 World SeriesIs also canceled (→1994-1995 MLB strike）
- May 1 - WTOInauguration
- オーストリア,フィンランド,スウェーデン EUJoin
- May 4 - AmericaCentral and SouthOklahoma CityBombing terrorist incident
- June-Tamagotchi (Phase 6) released
- Second World War50 years after the end of the war
- France,Murloa AtollForced a nuclear test.
- Major league baseballでHideo NomopitcherBecame the first Japanese rookie king.
- Windows 95Released. It caused a big boom in the PC industry.
- May 11 - イ ス ラ エ ル OfRabinPrime Minister is assassinated
- May 3 - Republic of China(Taiwan) For the first timePresidential election.Lee Teng-huiWas electedMainland TaiwanIs in full swing.
- WHO Research Center for Health DevelopmentOpening
- May 7 - Atlanta OlympicsHeld.
- May 12 - ペルーIn the capital LimaOccupation of the residence of the Japanese Ambassador to Peru.. Four months later, it was resolved by the Peruvian police rushing on April 4, 1997 (Heisei 9).
- May 2 - People's Republic of ChinaIs the most powerful person inDeng XiaopingDied
- Zaire collapses dictatorship due to civil war, country nameEur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.euBecomes
- May 7 - Hong Kong,The United KingdomからPeople's Republic of ChinaReturned to.
- Asian currency crisis
- Professional golfer OfTiger woods BlackFirst and youngest in history, 21 years and 6 monthsMastersConquer.さらに年間最年少賞金王にも輝くFurthermore, it shines as the youngest prize winner of the year
- May 8 - Former Crown Princess Diana,ParisDied in a traffic accident.
- Mother TeresaDie
- World's first mass production typeHybrid car,Toyota PriusReleased
- PrintPaNuclear test
- Indonesia OfSuhartoRegime collapse
- FIFA World CupFranceCompetition held.
- Nagano OlympicsHeld.
- north korea missile OfTaepodongFrom your own territory.Sea of JapanとJapanese archipelagoPassing overThe Pacific OceanFall to.
- Major league baseball OfSt. Louis CardinalsBelongingMark Maguire選手 とChicago CubsBelongingSammy SosaIs the most in the yearHome runFighting for a new record, Magia set a new record for 37 home runs for the first time in 70 years (→1998 MLB season most home run record showdown）
- Windows 98Released
- Kosovo conflict,NATOArmy intervenesEur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.euThe air strike.
- Colombia earthquake hits more than 1000 casualties
- European single currencyEuroAppearance
- JordanHussein of Jordan dies
- IbarakiTokai village OfNuclear powerA criticality accident occurred at the facility.
- トルコWestern earthquakeTaiwan earthquakeOutbreak
- 2000 issueUproar
- Renault,Nissan MotorCapital participation in.
- Macau,PortugalからPeople's Republic of ChinaReturned to.
- Panama CanalFrom the United StatesパナマReturned to.
- Towards the beginning of the next yearMillennium OfCountdownIs held all over the world. Also,2000 issueOf the trend ofNew Year's.
- East and westCold WarAfter the end, oldUSSR,Eastern EuropeIn the areanationalismbyConflictHas come to occur frequently.
- AfricaでEbolatrend.AIDSIs widespread.
- ASEANRapid economic development in each country.Thailand-Malaysia-IndonesiaHas achieved particularly remarkable growth, and political democratization has progressed.しかし、1997年のBut in XNUMXAsian currency crisisBe hit by.
- People's Republic of ChinaFrom rural areas due to economic growth in coastal and urban areasMigrant workersInflow into urban areas in large quantities (Blind flow).With the reform of state-owned enterprises, many unemployed people will occur.
- In each countryAviation liberalizationProgresses,Cheap airlineEmerges.
- 社会Everywhereデ ジ タ ルI came to be aware of the change.
Science and technology
Computer and internet
- In developed countriesインターネットIs explosively popular.Personal computerThe penetration rate of (personal computers) has also increased significantly.
- マ ル チ メ デ ィ アThere was a boom.Windows 95Modern to your computerGUIHas become widespread and now supports video playback,ゲーム The2Dから3DMoved to.recoding mediaAs a standard ofCD-ROM XA,Video cdIn addition,DVDAlso appeared.In addition, CD-ROM XA is a home video game console "PlayStation] Is also supported, the originatorMusic gamesof"Palappa wrapper], It was actively utilized in the progress of music according to the user's play.
- In developed countriesMobile phoneBegins to spread (2rd generation mobile communication system Hit (2G)デ ジ タ ルAdopt the method).
Culture and art
- Skyscrapers / structures
- Grunge,Generation XReceived overwhelming support from a generation called.
- Britpop, Spreads mainly in England.
- hip hop, Rise in the pop world.アメリカ合衆国ではIn the United StatesLockRetreats to the sidestream.
- The United States of AmericaIn a booming economySUVCars are popular.
- Spanish bicycle proRoad raceplayerMiguel Indurain, 1991-1995Tour de FranceIn addition to achieving the fifth consecutive individual victory, 5 and 1992Giro de ItalyAll-around victory, 1995World Championship Cycling TournamentIn addition to winning the individual time trial, in 1994Hour recordWorld record set.
- Video gamesIn the market in the first half of the 1990s (4th generation)Nintendoof"Super Nintendo Entertainment System(SNES, in Japan, "Super Nintendo”Will lead the market following the previous generation machine (released as)North AmericaThen.Segaof"Sega genesisWas also fighting for a share more than equal), but in the second half (5th generation)To become andSony Computer Entertainment (SCEI)PlayStationLed the market and destroyed Nintendo's stronghold.on the other hand,Handheld gamesNintendo’s “Game boyThe series has become a worldwide hit, and the software for the game console released in the latter half of the 1990s, "Pokemon red and greenIs a big boom all over the worldPokémonIt became a boom).
United States and East and West Europe
- Helmut Cole(1930 - 2017）
- Jack Chirac(1932 - 2019）
- Jean Cretien(1934 -)
- Silvio Berlusconi(1936 -)
- Romano Prodie(1939 -)
- John Major(1943 -)
- Gerhard Schroeder(1944 -)
- Bill Clinton(1946 -)
- Massimo D'Alema(1949 -)
- Tony Blair(1953 -)
Thought and philosophy
- Samuel Phillips Huntington(1927 - 2008）
- Helene Carrere Duncours(1929 -)
- Ian Hacking(1936 -)
- Dominique Janiko (1937 - 2002）
- Jared Diamond(1937 -)
- Anthony Giddens(1938 -)
- Philippe Lacoue Labalt(1940 - 2007）
- Jean-Luc Nancy(1940 -)
- Giorgio Agamben(1942 -)
- Gayatri Chakravorti Spivak(1942 -)
- Daniel Dennett(1942 -)
- Paul churchland(1942 -)
- Terry Eagleton(1943 -)
- Friedrich Kittler(1943 - 2011）
- Jean-Luc Marion (1947 -)
- Slavoy Zizek(1949 -)
- Joan Petru Cuiano(1950 - 1991）
- Colin McGinn(1950 -)
- Roberto Esposito (1950 -)
- Eve Kosofsky(1950 - 2009）
- Francis Fukuyama(1952 -)
- Jean Bricmont (1952 -)
- Norbert Bolz(1953 -)
- Alan Sokal(1955 -)
- Judith Butler(1956 -)
- Catherine Malabou(1959 -)
- Cormac McCarthy(1933 -)
- Don DeLillo(1936 -)
- Michael Ondaatje(1943 -)
- Stephen Millhauser(1943 -)
- Ian McEwan(1948 -)
- Michael cunningham(1952 -)
- Yoon Chiang(1952 -)
- Patrick McCabe (1955 -)
- Herve Guibert(1955 - 1991）
- Nicholson Baker(1957 -)
- Michelle Welbeck(1958 -)
- Jeffrey Eugenides(1960 -)
- Douglas Coupland(1961 -)
- JK rolling(1965 -)
- Robert Venturi(1925 -)
- Frank Gary(1929 -)
- Christian Boltanski(1944 -)
- Rem Koolhaas(1944 -)
- Barbara Kruger (1945 -)
- Michael Sowa(1945 -)
- Antony Gormley(1950 -)
- Zaha Hadid(1950 -)
- Bill Viola(1951 -)
- Cindy Sherman (1954 -)
- Anish Kapoor(1954 -)
- Stephan Balken Hall (1957 -)
- Thomas Ruff(1958 -)
- Pipilotti Rist(1962 -)
- Damian Hurst(1965 -)
- Matthew Barney(1967 -)
- Sam Taylor Wood (1967 -)
- Miuccia Prada (1949 -)
- Dolce & Gabbana
- John Galliano(1960 -)
Movies and entertainment
- Manoel de Oliveira(1908 - 2015）
- Ken Roach(1936 -)
- Anthony Hopkins(1937 -)
- Kyshtov Kyeslovski(1941 - 1996）
- Susan Sarandon(1946 -)
- Patrice Leconte(1947 -)
- Robert Zemeckis(1952 -)
- Liam Neeson(1952 -)
- James Cameron(1954 -)
- Cohen brothers
- Whoopi Goldberg(1955 -)
- Tom Hanks(1956 -)
- Sharon Stone(1958 -)
- Matthew Bourne(1960 -)
- Jim Carrey(1962 -)
- Quentin Tarantino(1963 -)
- Brad Pitt(1963 -)
- Nicholas Cage(1964 -)
- Juliet Binoche(1964 -)
- Wachowski brothers
- Julia Roberts(1967 -)
- Gwyneth Paltrow(1972 -)
- Leonardo DiCaprio(1974 -)
- Kate Winslet(1975 -)
Science and technology
- John Nash(1928 -)
- Stuart Kauffman(1939 -)
- Ian Wilmut(1939 -)
- Edward Witten(1951 -)
- Andrew Wilds(1953 -)
- Case Campbell (1954 - 2012）
- Lisa Randall(1962 -)
- Duncan Watts(1971 -)
Former Soviet Union countries and Russia
- Anatoly Lukyanov(1930 - 2019）
- Boris Yeltsin(1931 - 2007）
- Leonid Kravchuk(1934 -)
- Stanislav Shushevich(1934 -)
- Gennady Yanayev(1937 - 2010）
- Nursultan Nazarbayev(1940 -)
- Saparmurat Nyazov(1940 - 2006）
- Throbodan Milosevic(1941 - 2006）
- Ruslan Khasbulatov(1942 -)
- Dzhokhar Dudayev(1944 - 1996）
- Nikita Michalkov(1945 -)
- Alexander Rutskoy(1947 -)
- Alexander Sukulov(1951 -)
- Alexander Lukashenko(1954 -)
- Vladimir Sorokin(1955 -)
- Nelson Mandela(1918 - 2013）
- Robert Mugabe(1924 -)
- Frederik Willem Declark(1936 -)
- Jean Cambada (1955 -)
- Yitzhak Rabin(1922 - 1995）
- Simon Perez(1923 - 2016）
- Yasser Arafat(1929 - 2004）
- Hershemie Rough Sun Journey(1934 - 2017）
- Saddam Hussein(1937 - 2006）
- Abbas Kiarostami(1940 -)
- Mohammad Khatami(1943 -)
- Narashinha Lao(1921 - 2004）
- Kocheril Rahman Narayanan(1921 - 2005）
- Atal Bihari Vajpay(1926 -)
- Satya sai baba(1926 - 2011）
- Amartya Sen(1933 -)
- Shekhar Kapur(1945 -)
- Nawaz Sharif(1949 -)
- Rajinikanth(1949 -)
- Arundhati Roy(1961 -)
- Poulin Davey(1963 - 2001）
- Fidel Ramos(1928 -)
- Yusuf Habibi(1936 -)
- Joseph Estrada(1937 -)
- Norodom Ranarid(1944 -)
- Aung San Suu Kyi(1945 -)
- Hun Sen(1951 -)
- Deng Xiaoping(1904 - 1997）
- Jiang people(1926 -)
- Lee Peng(1928 - 2019）
- Zhu Rongji(1928 -)
- Dong Jianhua(1937 -)
- Zhang Yimou(1951 -)
- Chen Kaige(1952 -)
- Jung Chang(1952 -)
- Edmund Ho(1955 -)
- Mo Yan(1955 -)
- Leslie Cheung(1956 - 2003）
- Wong Kar-wai(1958 -)
- Zhang Xiaogang (1958 -)
- Gong Li(1965 -)
The event of fiction
- First Half-One of the UN expeditionary immigrants' ships that were exploring space using the collapser jumpAldebaranIt is sunk by the attack of an alien spaceship in the star system.事件の発生地であるThe place where the incident occurred牡牛 座The alien is named "Thoran" by (Thoran), and the United Nations Emergency Force (UNEF) is created to protect immigrant ships from Thoran. (novel"Endless battle])
- Mid- Trojan point in front of the earth revolution orbitIn, a celestial body "Troya object" with an average diameter of about 1,400 kilometers that completely absorbs light appears.IBM-ITTThe skipship exploration flight reveals that there are more than 1 million cells inside the Troya object with an artificial environment suitable for the residence of 5 people. (novel"])
- Second half-on the spaceship "Cirano"火星ReachedSyrtis Major Planumで5 million years agoThe academic research team that was excavating the ruins of the Martian civilization for the first time inside a building that seems to have been a universityMartianFound the corpse of.A week later in the buildingElemental tableWas discovered, and by using this as a bilingual material, it becomes possible to decipher Mars in earnest. (novel"])
- Late May 199 ×- CanopusA group of flying objects of alien "disk people" with a mother star in the vicinity land in major cities around the world for the purpose of contact with earthlings.The representatives of each regional contingent will give amicable greetings to the earthlings in a "musical way". (novel"")
- 199 × A certain month --With the Tokyo Bay submarine earthquake1 years agoTokyo Bay Niijima, where the ruins are located, appears.それと同時に、後に「オーガ」と命名される巨大At the same time, a giant later named "Ogre"monster Tokyo BayAppearing on the seabed, on the 29thMiura PeninsulaOffshore research vessel "Shinkai 6500"JMSDFAfter annihilating the escort fleet etc.Tokyo DisneylandIt lands from the vicinity, overruns Tokyo, and then disappears into the ground. (Cartoon"")
- 199X-Human beings around the world suddenly become the hands of the Space Intellectual Life CommunityMemory loss(Amnesia) develops.This causes civilization to collapse. (Novel / Anime "The name of the wind is Amnesia])
- 199X-Occurred in far spaceGravitational collapseDue to the large explosion that accompanies it, a group of blocks "quarth" made of a substance harder than diamond is generated.A fighter equipped with a "blockpiece" launcher will be developed to eliminate quarth by using the property of causing molecular decomposition when the shape becomes a quadrangle, as opposed to quarth, which approaches the earth while crushing all objects. (game"Quath])
- 199X --The main computer "Landmaster" in Tokyo City receives an interstellar message warning about the invading alien "Walder Army" aiming to invade the earth aiming at the super-energy substance "Freeson".In response to this, the development of a group of super mechanics and the formation of the Earth Defense Corps "Diaclone" will be decided. (toy"Diaclone])
- 199X- TennojiAt the point of contact between this world that exists in the sky and the different world "DEEP Osaka", oncePrince ShotokuThe seal made by is reaching its limit.Breaking the seal, the energy of another world is released, and the surrounding objects begin to be sucked into DEEP Osaka. (game"")
- Between Earth and MarsOrbitOrbitArtificial planet"Kepler-4"GeminiReceived an artificial radio signal consisting of multiple images emitted from one corner for about 3 days.それと同時に、月面At the same time, the moonCopernicusThe Reinhold Observatory observes periodic fluctuations in the light of stars in the direction of Gemini. (novel"")
- BernardAn outer space exploration project with seven unmanned exploration vessels "Daedalus Series" will be started with the main purpose of exploring nearby star systems. (novel"Aerospace Force History])
- CentaurusThe alien "Visp (traveling flock)" that flew from the direction started attacking the earth as soon as it reached the vicinity of the earth.North America,African continentSome of them are occupied by the descending Visp.afterwards,U.S. ForcesBegins construction of the nuclear space battleship "Archangel" as a means of counterattacking Visp. (novel"Footfall ritual])
- Maldiv IslandsA deep-sea research vehicle is working on the seabed at a depth of 4000 meters offshore.TitaniumとcesiumI found a metal block with a total length of 3 meters made of the alloy of.It was investigated by the National Science Center of India and the National Metallurgical Laboratory of Japan.2005It is judged that it is due to the hands of extraterrestrial life. (novel"Return to twilight])
- Solar system10th planetThe existence ofSpace telescopeConfirmed by, and named "Lucifer". (Cartoon"2001 Night Story])
- The first expedition that reached Mars on a manned spacecraft was engraved with lettersdiamondI found a "well" made of wood and a Martian mummy buried in the sand near it.It is speculated that the well is a funeral home where water is used to disassemble the corpse, as the mummy, which was sprayed with water by the members, exploded. (novel"Known space"series)
- ^ Joe Holdman"Endless Battle"Hayakawa Publishing, 1985, 21 pages.ISBN 4-15-010634-7.
- ^ Auston Scott Card"Sonata for Solo Violin [new translation]" Hayakawa Publishing, 2014, 271-276 / 278-281-283-292, 299, 307, 319.ISBN 978-4-15-011940-9.
- ^ H. Beam Piper"Omni lingual" "SF magazine December 1968, Vol. 12, No. 9, Hayakawa Publishing, December 13, pp. 1968, 12, 45 --46, 55 --59.
- ^ Sakyo Komatsu"Footsteps of the void"文藝 春秋, 1980, pp. 79-88.ISBN 978-4-16-717607-5.
- ^ "Beast of God"Kodansha, 1992, pp. 3 -15, 28, 40, 48, 69, 81, 117, 132, 135, 254, 255.ISBN 978-4-06-319329-9.
- ^ Kikuchi Hideyuki"The name of the wind is Amnesia"Asahi Sonorama, 1983, 19:38-43:191-203.ISBN 978-4-257-76260-7.
- ^ NESEdition "Quarth" Manual Konami, 1990, pp.3-4.
- ^ OUR STORY --Diaclone official site, viewed on August 2018, 8.
- ^ "Tsutenkaku" instruction manual Sony Music Entertainment, 1995, 2 pages.
- ^ Fujio Ishihara"Image Civilization" Hayakawa Publishing, 1976, 239 --247, 251, 253, 258 --261.ISBN 978-4-15-030076-0.
- ^ Valley Koshu"History of the Aerospace Forces Costume Cruiser BasiliskHayakawa Publishing, 1985, pp. 43-47.ISBN 978-4-15-030200-9.
- ^ Koshu Tani, "History of the Aerospace Forces, Endless Searching Enemies [below]" Hayakawa Publishing, 1996, p. 345.ISBN 978-4-15-030570-3.
- ^ Larry Niven&Jerry Parnell"On the ceremony of surrender"Tokyo Sogensha, 1988.ISBN 978-4-488-65404-7.
- ^ Larry Niven&Jerry Parnell"Footfall Ceremony", Tokyo Sogensha, 1988.ISBN 978-4-488-65405-4.
- ^ Ryu Mitsuse"Returning to Twilight" Hayakawa Publishing, 1973, pp. 206-208.ISBN 978-4-15-030003-6.
- ^ Noshinobu Hoshino"2001 Nights "Futabasha, 1995, 161 pages.ISBN 978-4-575-72030-3.
- ^ Larry Niven, "Known Space Series, Tales of criminal airspace," Hayakawa Publishing, 1979, pp. 63-76, 86, 148, 363.ISBN 978-4-15-010348-4.
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