[Breaking news] Truck crash into a motorcycle During a pause due to a girl crossing ... The motorcycle driver has a cardiopulmonary arrest
If you write the contents roughly
The man who was driving the motorcycle was laid under the truck and was taken to the hospital with cardiopulmonary arrest.
A man who was waiting with his bike paused until the girl crossed the pedestrian crossing was thrust into the truck from behind ... → Continue reading
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Cardiopulmonary arrestWhat is (Shinpaiteshi)?BodyIt is a kind of critical condition,心 臓とBreatheRefers to the stopped state.CPAAlso called (English: Cardiopulmonary arrest Abbreviation).Japan OfMediaThen,DoctororDentistHas not been confirmed byCorpseToDeathIt is expressed as "cardiopulmonary arrest" instead of ".
When the movement of the heart stops first and whenlungThe movement (breathing) may stop first, but both are called "cardiopulmonary arrest".in Japan"Death"ofDiagnosisIt is,Doctor-DentistCan onlyMedical practiceIt has become.Therefore, it is not a judgment of cardiopulmonary arrest based on the presence or absence of heart sounds and breathing that anyone can do even if they have already died.Confirmation and diagnosis of pupil dilation by a doctor or dentistWill result in "death".しかし、日本国外のHowever, outside JapanMass mediaThen, the criteria for judging "cardiopulmonary arrest" in Japan are different from those in Japan, such as reporting death or death..
brainTobloodWill suffer an irreparable failure in about 4 to 5 minutes due to lack of attention (Hypoxic encephalopathySee also).It is necessary to take resuscitative measures such as AED (automated external defibrillator) or artificial respiration by the time limit.brain deathQuick as above to prevent the conditionHelpMeasures are needed.Cardiopulmonary resuscitation TheCPR(English: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation).
Cardiopulmonary arrest and three signs
Cardiopulmonary arrest (respiratory arrest excluding dilated pupils) until the three-symptom theory became widespread as a diagnostic criterion for death in Europe and the United StatesCardiac arrest) Was the diagnostic criterion for death..三徴候説とは呼吸停止（呼吸の不可逆的停止）と心停止（心臓の不可逆的停止）に加えて瞳孔散大という3つの徴候をもって人の死の診断基準とするものであるThe three-symptom theory is a diagnostic criterion for human death based on three signs of respiratory arrest (irreversible arrest of breathing), cardiac arrest (irreversible arrest of the heart), and dilated pupils...瞳孔散大ないしDilated pupilsLight reflectionThere is a functional overlap with the loss of brainstem function in the first half of the 20th century, and in the first half of the XNUMXth century, the three-symptom theory based on this became widespread as a criterion for death..
In the Japanese mass mediaNatural disasters,ACCIDENTDied when he encounteredDoctorOrDentistPeople who have not yet been confirmed or sentenced to death are referred to as "cardiopulmonary arrest" or "cardiopulmonary arrest"..
In the medical community, even if you are actually dead, in addition to cardiac arrest and respiratory arrest, pulse arrestDilated pupils (mydriasis)It is said that it will not be legally confirmed unless the doctor declares death after confirming the above, and people other than doctors and dentists (rescue personnel andPolice officer-Maritime Sheriff・ Press personnel, etc.)Cardiac arrest・ The reason is that although it is possible to determine respiratory arrest, it is not possible to declare death...ただし例外として、救急隊が到着した時点で、既に死後硬直が始まっているか死斑が現れている、低体温であるなどいった状況から救急搬送する意味がもはやなくなっている場合、救急隊の判断で死亡判定がされることがあるHowever, as an exception, when the ambulance crew arrives, it is no longer meaningful to carry the ambulance due to situations such as rigor mortis, livor mortis, or hypothermia, at the discretion of the ambulance crew. Death may be determined.
At the scene of the accident / disaster, it has not been rescued yet, and doctors and dentists cannot approach it.CorpseAndhospitalThe corpse being carried to the site is said to be "cardiopulmonary arrest" because it has not been declared dead by a doctor or dentist.
In the media outside Japan, even if the Japanese media reports "cardiopulmonary arrest", the terms "death" and "corpse" may be used in overseas reports..
- ^ a b c "Kotoba commentary: Difference between" cardiopulmonary arrest "and" death "-Mainichi Shimbun" (Japanese). Mainichi Newspapers 2018/9/7Browse.
- ^ a b c "New Edition of the Encyclopedia of Bioethics" Taiyou Shuppan, 2010, 360 pages.
- ^ a b c ""Cardiopulmonary arrest" used in the eruption of Mt. Ontake Why shouldn't we call it "death"?"J-CAST News", J-CAST, September 2014, 9.2014/9/30Browse.
- ^ a b "Difference between" cardiopulmonary arrest "and" death "". Daily children's news (Mainichi Shimbun) 2017/4/26Browse.
- ^ a b Norihiro Kiyomasu (October 2015, 10). “What is the difference between "cardiopulmonary arrest" and "death" that are often heard in the press?”. All About. 2017/4/26Browse.