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Hope to revive as Jimny's rival horse!Light SUV concept car Mitsubishi Lynx
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This engine is a high-performance version developed to compete with the Alto Works and Mira TR-XX, which were sweeping the mini vehicle world at that time, and shows the seriousness of Mitsubishi.
The concept car Lynx, announced by Mitsubishi in 1993, is packed with the playfulness of a concept car ... → Continue reading
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The first generationFronteAs a commercial vehicle version of1979Released inLight bonnet vanIt became a big hit as a spark of the boom, and since thenWagon RUntil the advent of the company, it was a representative mini vehicle of the company.Also,Daihatsu MiraHas been a longtime rival and the competition continued until 2018.Cumulative production of Alto series is over 480 million unitsで2019(ReiwaFirst year) From the launch of the first model in May40 anniversaryAs of June of the same year, it is still produced and sold as a hatchback type main model.2016On December 12, the cumulative domestic sales (excluding Lapin) reached 12 million for the first time in Suzuki cars..
The model in this paper is an example from each generation.Some models have different models depending on the specifications.The "S" at the end of the model number issedan, "V" is a van.
In addition, the following models are also described for convenience in this paper.Derivative model "Rarely called by official name in terms of sales strategy"LapinFor "", refer to the relevant item.
- Alto van(ALTO VAN )- Light bonnet van
- Alto walk-through van
- Alto Snowliner --Practical 4-wheel drive model
- Hot hatch
- Alto turbo
- AltoTwin cam12RS
- Alto Works(ALTO WORKS）
- Alto Turbo RS(ALTO TURBO RS）
- Alto Hustle --Passenger car / commercial vehicle combined model
- Alto Eco(ALTO ECO ) --Passenger car model
First SS30V / 40V type (1979-1984)
1979(Showa54) Released in May.Light passenger carFronte OfCommercialVersionSister carIs.The model is H-SS30V. "Light bonnet vanCalled ""Tax savingCreated the "type light passenger car" genre, and then light carsMarketHad a great influence on.At that time, Suzuki Motor Co., Ltd.The presidentShortly after taking officeOsamu SuzukiHowever, it was the first new model to be spearheaded and commercialized after taking office as president, and it became a memorable model for Osamu Suzuki himself who firmly established his position.
1970 eraSince the mid-term, the Japanese mini passenger car market has been in the midst of turmoil and stagnation before and after the emission regulation measures and the transition to the 550 cc standard, and each company is a conventional model.Displacement・ The tea was stagnation due to the expansion of the vehicle width, and new developments were being sought.[Annotation 1]..Suzuki's exhaust gas countermeasure engine development is sluggish,ToyotaCompete by messenger fromDaihatsu industryIt was in a difficult situation, such as purchasing a made engine and installing it in its own mini passenger car. Osamu Suzuki, who took office as president in June 1978, planned a breakthrough in the development of an inexpensive new model car that returned to the origin of the basic car.
At this point, the development of a new mini passenger car that should be the next fronte is progressing considerably, and it was planned to be released in 1978, but Osamu Suzuki said, "One year postponement of new car release" and "Full planning" It was decided that the concept of the new model car would be significantly revised due to the intention of Osamu.
In Japan at that time, the price was over 15% for mini passenger cars.tax rate OfExcise taxWas imposed.ButLight bonnet vanincludingCommercial vehicleExcise tax was exempted, which was a great advantage in terms of taxation.Suzuki plans a product setting called "a light commercial vehicle (light bonnet van) that functions as a two-seater light passenger car in the front seats" that can legally save taxes by taking advantage of this tax gap.shopping,childrenUse a car to pick up and drop offHousewifeOf the layerneedA new aim was to arouse.At Suzuki during developmentMarket researchAt that time, it was said that the basic number of passengers in a mini vehicle was 1-2.データIt was backed up by the market merchandise of a van that can secure the comfort of the front seats as much as a passenger car.[Annotation 2].
Pricing has also become bold.General light passenger cars of the same period were new cars in the price range of over 60 yen, and a high excise tax was added to this.On the other hand, market research revealed that the used car market in Japan at that time was selling well for used cars of about 40 to 50 yen, and Osamu Suzuki aimed for demand in that class, and the market price was about 45 yen. The aim was to provide a new, inexpensive car.In order to secure profits with this price setting, the manufacturing cost had to be kept to about 35 yen, which was extremely low even at that time... Along with the scolding that "If you want to achieve the goal, remove the ashtray, spare tire, and even the engine," Osamu Suzuki, the person in charge of the development department, was given a strict goal.Seiichi Inagawa(Managing director at that time, later Chairman Suzuki) and other engineers put the highest priority on cost reduction and thoroughly pursued a review of manufacturing costs within the range where there is no safety problem.
The basic configuration is a two-box style that adopts a front-wheel drive system, the volume inside the car is fairly large, and while it had a fairly modern appearance at that time, it is mechanically basic from the old engine (T2A) of the conventional model. Diverted the design2-stroke engine(T5B), rearsuspensionCheap and compact, but old-fashionedLeafRigidAdopt[Annotation 3]It was devoted to a simple low-cost structure.Exhaust gas regulationsIs looseCommercial vehicleBecause[Annotation 4], CosttorqueIt was easy to adopt a 2-stroke engine, which is advantageous in terms of.The rear seats were foldable and very small due to restrictions as a commercial vehicle (the loading space must be equal to or greater than the space of the rear seats), but it was actually divided into two seats, so it was a big problem. There wasn't.Front-wheel drivePower steeringIs a model before it was generalized in compact cars, and the plate-type two-spoke steering wheel has a larger diameter, and the rack-and-pinion type steering mechanism and maneuverability are taken into consideration.At the time when the front wheel disc type was becoming popular, the brake was a slightly lower grade 2-wheel drum type, but because it was a lightweight car, the braking force commensurate with its performance was secured.
Everywhere, it's the exact opposite of the ever-increasing price of mini passenger cars.FeaturesIt was a concise specification with the highest priority.The equipment of the simple body, which was assembled with a small number of large press members, was made extremely simple both inside and outside.Integrally molded simple moldingResinMadeDashboardAnd instrument panel, front seat with integrated headrest, does not look good but can meet the necessary functions at a low pricerubberFloor mat madeplywoodRear seats with a backboard, inexpensive gray paintsteelMadebumper,Electric motorHand push without using at allpumpExpression window washer[Annotation 5]Etc. are the features.The part where the lining of the door etc. can be omitted is painted with an iron plate, the keyhole for opening and closing the door is only on the driver's side, and the keyhole on the passenger's side that is not necessary is omitted (the key that fits the key cylinder was left. This is to increase the mass production effect by sharing the door panel with the model with the specification to install the cylinder).The large rear flip-up hatch gate was promoted as one of the conveniences of Alto, and all cars were equipped with a rear hatch damper, but the hinge on this gate is also simplified as an exposed external structure. there were.
Initially, it is a mono (single) grade, and the equipment is not differentiated within the model, and the standard equipmentheaterMore than 50 types of additional equipment, including radios and cigarette lighters, are mostly constructed by dealers.OptionsIt was set to supplement with[Annotation 6].
As a result of these efforts, the initial plan of 45 yen could not be achieved, but the main unit price of "47 yen" was realized, which is a surprisingly low price for a new mini vehicle in 1979.[Annotation 7]..It was about 10 yen cheaper than the pre-tax price of the fronte's cheapest grade car.This price is the convention[Annotation 8]BeatstrategyIt was also epoch-making in that it was the first nationally unified vehicle body price (one price) in the automobile industry.We can offer equal prices to customers all over Japan, and we can offer them all over Japan.媒体Equally "Alto 47 yenEffectivePropagandaIs now possible.In addition, the merit of exemption from excise tax has been added, and the real price difference with other companies' light passenger cars, which are competing models, has become significant.
When the Alto, which adopted red as the image color with the appeal to female users in mind, was announced, its exceptionally low price shocked the market.The number of units sold after the launch slightly exceeded the initial target of 5,000 units per month and reached 1 units, soon.Have a large number of back ordersIt became a popular model.Due to the increase in production, the factory was urgently expanded. Following the success of "Alto", other mini carsCar makerFollow the sameConceptLaunched a light commercial vehicle, cultivated demand for a "second car."In addition, Suzuki, which was the only Japanese automobile manufacturer to focus on 2-stroke engines with steady profits from Alto sales, is working to expand the 4-stroke engine production system through factory capital investment, and is switching to 4-stroke engines for its main models including Alto. I was able to accelerate[Annotation 9].
General MotorsLaterSaturnIn developing an inexperienced compact car that bears fruitThoroughly disassemble and research small cars of various companies around the worldHowever, it is said that he was surprised at the design of this Alto, which was one of them, and decided to form a partnership with Suzuki.[Source required][Annotation 10]..Suzuki isOEMSign a contract and become GM's lower endGEObrandVehicle type forGeo tracker,Geo Metro) Was in charge of production.
- 19805 month - Torque converterFormula 2 speedATLaunched the car.
- 1981January-1 cylindersSOHC4-stroke engine (F5A) Launched on-board vehicles.The model is "H-SS40V".
- October 1981-Added 10-seater (capacity 2 people model).At that time, a 2% excise tax was to be levied on commercial vehicles due to the rapid spread of light bonnet vans, but since 2-seaters were excluded, a low-priced model was set as a tax avoidance measure.The two-seater light bonnet van was set up by other manufacturers all at once.As a result, the price setting was changed, and the 2-seater became 2 yen, and the 2-seater became 47 yen, which was an additional 4 yen.
- 1982October-Minor change.All carsStandard typeAngularhead lampAt the same time, L type and G type, which are advanced grades, are additionally set.Of these, only the G type had a digital speedometer installation setting as a manufacturer option.At the same time, vehicles equipped with a 2-stroke engine were abolished.
- 198310 month - Four-wheel driveReleased "Snowliner" series. 12-inch wheels & 12-inch tires[Annotation 11]Adopted, rear when front wheel driveDifferentialIs draggingresistanceManual rear to preventFreewheel hubIs equipped with.brakeThe system is four-wheeled, similar to front-wheel drive vehicles.Drum brakeTo use.
- 19844 month - Air condition付Special carReleased "Marianne".
2nd generation CA71V / 72V / CC71V / 72V type (1984-1988)
1984Full model change to 9V type in September.All cars are equipped with a 71-stroke engine (F4A).Rotating driver's seats have been adopted for some models.In addition, the sporty grade "S" has 5-inch radial tires (12SR135), 12-inch steel wheels with half-wheel covers, and Alto's first front.Disc brake,andTachometerWill be standard equipment. CM performersAsami Kobayashi.
In December 1984, four-wheel drive was added.When it was first released, it was called the "Snowliner" series.It is a push-button part-time system, and from this time on, front disc brakes and auto freewheel hubs have been adopted for four-wheel drive vehicles.1986Following a minor change in July, it will be a 7V type.By adopting irregular headlamps and changing the front area and instrument panel, it is the first mini vehicle per cylinder.4 valves3 cylindersDOHCAdded "Twin Cam 12RS" series equipped with an engine.At the same time, the grade name of the existing "Alto Turbo" was changed to "Turbo SX".Newly developed "Isolated Trailing Link (ITL)" rigid coil suspension for the rear suspension[Annotation 12]Is used in some higher grades of front-wheel drive vehicles, including four-wheel drive vehicles and sporty grades.With the appearance of the above "Twin Cam 12RS", the existing 3-cylinder SOHC singlecarburetorThe sporty grade "S" equipped with the engine of the specification is abolished.
- December 1984-Added four-wheel drive vehicle.
- 1985February --Launched "Asami Special", a special specification car specially equipped with colored bumpers and colored front grilles, 2-inch colored full wheel covers, air conditioners, etc.
- May 1985-Based on "A", 5-speed manual, disc brake and 5-inchア ル ミ ホ イ ー ル, Tachometer, bronze glass, colored bumper, bucket seat as standard equipment, special limited edition "Kids" released.
- September 1985-The first mini vehicle with electronically controlled fuel injection system (EPI) 9-cylinder SOHCIntercoolerturboAdded model "Alto Turbo".Gross 44horsepower.
- October 1985-A 10-door was added as a special specification car to commemorate the cumulative total of 100 million Alto cars.Light bonnet vanIt became the first 5-door car as a model, and later became a catalog model.
- 1986July-Receives minor changes.Suzuki's first and light carHonda T360It's been 19 years since thenDOHCAdded "Twincam 42RS" with a gross 12 horsepower equipped with an engine.At the same time, the "turbo" has been strengthened to 48 horsepower.
- July 1986-Special specification car "Regina" with column type 7-speed AT and bench seat[Annotation 13]Has been released.The side brake uses a hand-operated stick type.At the same time, a floor-shift version of the Juna, a special-purpose car for women, equipped with an air conditioner and a rotating driver's seat as standard equipment was also added to the lineup.
- 1987October - "Walk-through vanReleased.
- February 1987-Launched "Alto Works" series.In this generation it was also simply called "Works". Equipped with a 2-cylinder 3-valve DOHC intercooler turbo engine, 4 for mini vehicleshorsepower OfOutput regulationWas the beginning of the establishment[Annotation 14]..The grades are front-wheel drive "RS-S (low-priced version)" and "RS-X",Viscous couplingExpression full timeFour-wheel drive"RS-R". Various types of "RS-X" and "RS-R"Aero PartsWas standard equipment, andpinkThe flashy interior based on the above became a hot topic.Depending on the grade, the heater adjustment part was changed to radio or cassette audio, and there was also a specification to arrange a satellite switch near the meter, which is unusual for a mini car. CM songTakayuki Takemoto"Riding Hi -feeling lonely-"
- August 1987-Some high-grade AT cars of front-wheel drive vehicles are released from 8-speed ATLock-upReleased after being changed to a 3-speed AT with.
- 1988May --Launched "Alto Beam", a special specification car specially equipped with air conditioner, front bucket seats, bronze glass, etc.
3代目 CL11V/21V/22V/CM11V/21V/22V/CN11S/21S/CR22S/CP11S/21S/CS22S型（1988年 - 1994年）
The 3th generationWheelbaseIn addition to the conventional Regina etc. in the model variation, along with making it the longest among the mini cars at that time, both sides of the first domestic carslide door"Slide Slim" with is newly added together with the rotating driver's seat..The engine is the third generation firstCervoMounted onF5B typeIn-line 3-cylinder SOHC12 valvesWas adopted for some grades.From this model onwardsMazda CarrollIt was also adopted as the base model of. The "Works" has a different design from the standard model Alto as an independent model, and has two round lights.head lampToAero PartsThe RS system of the F5B DOHC turbo was the same as the conventional radical in terms of specifications, but the F5A SOHC turbo (S system) was also set.
1989(Heisei4st year) May,consumption taxWith enforcementExcise taxIs abolished,Bonnet vanSince the tax reduction merit of the tax cut has diminished, we also set a 5 number car for Alto,FronteHas been integrated into Alto and both production and sales have ended.As a result, most of the conventional models have been switched to the 5 number, so "-S" is added at the end of the grade name, and instead of abolishing the 5-door van, 5 4-door sedans are set.sedanIt will be an important lineup.
1990(2) Received a minor change in March. CM performersMiyuki Imorichange to.With the new standard, the engine was changed from 550 cc F5B type to 660 cc F6A type, and the front part was changed significantly, front and rearbumperIs also larger and supports new standards.Works also changed from a van model to a passenger 5 number model.The first driver's seat in a mini vehicleSRS airbagAt the same time asDaihatsu Mira4 wheels like TR-XXABSIs set as a manufacturer option.5 doors are additionally set for Regina, and the slide slim has a sliding door only on the right side (driver's seat side) and a 5-door body panel for the left door (passenger seat side), taking the form of 1: 2 door The door.A power closure mechanism is used for the sliding door to improve usability.
1991In November 3, the total height after the 11-door B-pillar was increased to 5 mm, and the "hustle" was added to expand the luggage compartment volume.Compact carCarried a large packing box,French carOften seen inFull gonetThe style is popular in Europe, but in Japan there were several commercial cars including this hustle, but it could not become mainstream.The body of the hustle is all 3 doors, and there are grades of "Hu" for the van and "St" and "Le" for the wagon.ト ラ ン ス ミ ッ シ ョ ン,Drive system(Front wheel driveとFour-wheel drive), It consists of a total of 10 models.Produce by modifying a normal altoSpecially equipped vehicleIt will be treated.In addition, Works had a blue body color setting, but this was a one-year limited production in 1990 (Heisei 2).As you can see from the model, this model appeared laterCervoAnd the platform are common.
- 1989January --Added high-grade "Epo P1" equipped with SOHC 12-valve engine.
- April 1989-With the abolition of excise tax, the merit of the bonnet van diminished, so the fronte was abolished and the Alto also set a 4 number car.
- May 1989 --Launch of special specification car "Turbo S / X / S / R" to Works.
- July 1989 --Launched "7M-V" and "200M-S", which are special specification vehicles based on the van "Pe" and sedan "Lf-S" and equipped with air conditioners to commemorate the achievement of 2 million units.
- November 1989-Launched "Beam R" and "Beam RS", which are based on the van "Pe" and sedan "Pe-S" and equipped with air conditioners, AM / FM cassettes, and fog lights.
- 1990March --Minor changes due to new standardization.
- June 1990-Launched "Afternoon Tea", a special specification car based on the sedan "Ce-S" equipped with air conditioner, AM / FM cassette, color bumper, bronze glass, etc.
- July 1990-Based on the "Works RS / X", the engine was replaced with a SOHC intercooler turbo, and a special specification car "Works Turboie" equipped with an air conditioner, power steering, special aluminum wheels, etc. was released.
- 1991September-Minor change. The shape of the outer door handle of a 9-door car has been changed from vertical to horizontal.The instrument panel has also been reshaped.[Annotation 16]The rear brakes of "Works RS / R" and "Works RS / X" have been made into discs.In addition, "Regina" has been abolished, and "Works Turboie" has been upgraded to a catalog.
- November 1991-Added "Hustle" with increased luggage compartment volume by increasing the overall height after the 11-door B-pillar.
- December 1991-Based on the sedan "Epo P12", the special edition "F Special" equipped with an Azest CD deck, exclusive seats and mascot keys is released.
- 1992May --Added "Ce-P" to the sedan.
- June 1992-Added "Works R".At the All Japan Rally ChampionshipDaihatsu Mira X4RDeveloped to confrontRallyIt is a specification car and is set only for four-wheel drive.The changes areMT OfClaus・ Low final ・ FrontScarf-Changed to a dedicated turbine, big throttle, and dedicated computer.The interior has been simplified to reduce weight, and the undercoat has not been applied from the beginning.The seats are also equipped with vans to reduce weight, so "Works R" is the 4th number registered as a commercial vehicle.Since it is a competition base model, the appearance and equipment are simple, and the body color setting is only white.door mirror TheResinMoldingBlack as it is, wheelssteelMade of.Special grade stickers are affixed to the front and back of the body of the early C-type Works R, but in the latter half, the front becomes the same as the standard car, and the grade sticker is not affixed to the rear.
- "Works R" has been available for the second consecutive year since the following year.All Japan Rally ChampionshipA class and all JapanDirt trialIt is a championship machine of the championship A1 class.
- September 1992-Launched the special edition "Epo P9-S".Since then, two special-purpose cars have been added in the two months, and the "Fe-P" will be released the following month, and the "F Special" released the previous year will be released two months after that.This "F Special" is based on the 2-door sedan "Epo P2-S".
- 1993May --- Based on the 5-door sedan "Ce-P", the "Ce-S", a special specification car equipped with an air conditioner, FM cassette, and power steering power windows, is released.
- 199310 --Hustle production discontinued.Only the stock will be sold.
- November 1993 --Launched "Works F Special", a special specification car based on "Works Turboie" equipped with AM / FM stereo and power door locks.
- 1994April-Partially improved for all types.
- 199410 -Discontinued of all remaining grades.Only the stock will be sold.
- 1994November-Discontinued as a replacement for the 11th generation.
4th generation HA11S / 21S / HB11S / 21S / HC11V / HD11V type (1994-1998)
1994It underwent a full model change in November. The rear quarter window, which was a feature of 11-door cars, has been abolished, but the overall concept is to keep it from the predecessor, and the body size including the wheelbase has been left unchanged from the predecessor. There will be no variations such as "Regina" and "Slide Slim", only the standard 5-door and 3-door models, and the sports model "Works".In the interior, the audio space of the late predecessor model is 5DIN[Annotation 17]However, this is 1DIN.
The engine of "RS / Z", which is the upper grade of "Works", is a newly developed allAluminumIn-line 3-cylinder DOHC 12-valve intercooler turboK6AIt becomes a type 660 cc engine,ECUHas evolved to 16 bits, with a maximum output of 64 ps / 6,500 rpm and a maximum torque of 10.5 kgm / 3,500 rpm.The ECU of the F6A SOHC intercooler turbo "ie / s" is still 8-bit as before, but the maximum output is 64 ps / 6,000 rpm and the maximum torque is 10.0 kgm / 4,000 rpm, which is better than the previous SOHC model. It is improving.
The standard model CM performersWashio Isako.
- 1995(7) March --Added "Sv" to the sedan.
- May 1995-The competition specification car "Works R" set for the predecessor model was added. Based on "RS / Z", forged piston, high cam, large diameter throttle, 7cc large capacity injector, dedicated computer, dedicated HT5 turbine, one-stage intercooler, cross mission, 260-blade radiator fan, reinforced radiator fan motor are adopted. It was.The equipment has been simplified, such as no power steering and an optional air conditioner.
- According to the catalog, the engine output is 64 ps and there is no change, but the maximum torque is improved to 11.0 kgm / 3,500 rpm.However, unlike the predecessor Works R, the exhaust gas standard of freight cars is the same as that of passenger cars, and the merit of vans has disappeared, so it is the 5th number of passenger car registration.
- June 1995 --- Based on the 7-door sedan "Sf / Se-6", the special specification car "With" equipped with comfortable equipment such as AM / FM cassette stereo and electric remote control door mirror is released.The following month, based on the "Works Turboie / s", the special specification car "Works Turboie / s Limited" equipped with Azest AM / FM stereo + 3 speakers, exclusive seats, power door locks and keyless entry will be released.
- November 1995-Minor changes including the front face only for "Works".
- 1996(8) May --- Based on the 5-door sedan "Se / Se-3" and the 4-door sedan "Le / Le-5", the special specification car "Epo" equipped with stereo and power steering / power windows is released.
- November 1996-Based on the "Works Turboie / s", in addition to the equipment of the "Works Turboie / s Limited" released in July 8, a carbon-like center panel, special aluminum wheels, and back Released "Works Turboie / s F Limited", a special specification car equipped with a door upper spoiler.
- 1997(9) April-Minor change.The design of the front bumper, rear bumper, back door, etc. will be changed.
- Regarding Works, the only change is the back door and engine hood (described later).Aluminum wheels are 14 inches, tires are 155 / 55R14 ADVAN Neova On AD05 / 06, the interior is fully trimmed, the white meter, and the air conditioning switch are button-type, and the idle speed control valve (ISCV) is used for the control system.Stepping motorBecause it is an expression and the control method is differentECUChanged. Since the AT controller has an AT controller built into the ECU, the AT car has three wire harness connectors, and the MT car has an empty connector in the center.The boost pressure sensor is mounted directly on the throttle,Intake manifoldSince the number of mounting bolts has also increased, compatibility with the previous model has been lost (RS / Z).
- Works R is changed to a large intercooler, a large bonnet air scoop is installed, a cam profile is changed, and low.completeDedicated toConnecting rodIs adopted, of the transmissionGear ratioIs even moreClauseHas been
- November 1997-Launched "Epo Limited", a special specification car with a higher-grade interior and exterior equipped with a high-power CD stereo based on the "Epo" that has been upgraded to a regular grade by minor changes.
- 1998(10) January-Launched "Works Suzuki Sports Limited", a special limited edition car based on "Works Turboie / s" equipped with exclusive bucket seats and exclusive 1-inch aluminum wheels.Although the interior and exterior are different, other specifications such as performance are the same as the base car.
- May 1998 --- Based on the 10-door sedan "Sc" and 5-door sedan "Le", the special specification car "Beam" equipped with AM / FM cassette stereo, UV cut glass, large seats, etc. is released.
- 1998（Heisei 10）/ 9 -Discontinued. Only the stock will be sold.
- October 1998-Discontinued in the form of replacing the 10th generation compatible with the new standard.
5th generation HA12S / 22S / 23S type (1998-2004), 12V / 23V type (1998-2005)
From this moldマ ツ ダへCarolAsOEMSupply is started. (Although there are differences such as the emblem and grade system / equipment setting, turbo car grade setting, etc., the basic parts such as mechanism and function are common to both cars.) Of course, the size has increased due to the revision. Improvements have also been made, such as reducing the weight of the vehicle as much as possible and reducing the minimum turning radius to 4.2 meters.The highest grade "Epo P2" is equipped with an auto air conditioner, rear split seats, and seatbelt adjusters.In addition, the "Sc" is equipped with a DOHC lean burn engine (Electronically controlled throttle(Installed) is set to achieve low fuel consumption of 10km / L in 15/29 mode measurement values.The sports specification "Works" has a variable valve mechanism on the engine.Drive-by-wireAimed at high performance, which can be said to be the ultimate for a mini vehicle[Annotation 18]..However, this time, the setting of "Works R", which is a competition specification car, has disappeared.In order to reduce costs, the body (floor) structure of both the front-wheel drive vehicle and the four-wheel drive vehicle is the same, so the models of the front-wheel drive vehicle and the four-wheel drive vehicle, which were different in the past, are the same.The 2-seater, "Va" and "Sc" 4MT vehicles are likely to have little need, so they will be made to order from this generation.The specifications without power windows of the previous model and the van are on the doorplywoodAlthough it was a specification that only pasted vinyl, the texture of the interior was also improved, such as using all grade molded door trims despite being plastic.In addition, air conditioner-equipped vehicles and sedans in vans are equipped with an air conditioner filter insertion port in the air conditioner device, and a filter is attached as standard.Although all safety equipment was not standard equipment when it first appeared, except for some low-priced grades, not only driver airbags but also passenger airbags, seatbelt pretensioners, and ABS (these safety equipment are manufacturer options as a set) are available. It became possible to choose, and some of the special specification cars unique to the dealer were equipped with all of them.
Received a minor change on December 2000, 12.A face lift will be carried out, and all cars will be unified with the all-aluminum K5A type DOHC engine, and the turbo model including Works will be abolished.This willMinistry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and TourismObtained the "excellent-low emission vehicle (☆☆)" certification for the first time in a mini vehicle (excluding vehicles equipped with a lean burn engine). "Works", "Alto C", "Epo P2" are abolished, and only orthodox practical models (3-door "Epo", 5-door "Epo", 5-door "Epo Extra", van 3-door "Vs") It becomes the setting of.In addition, a new grade "21st Century Commemorative Special Lx" is newly set, which is equipped with advanced specifications and keeps the price down.The name "Works" has been blank for about two years since the end of production.crossoverModel "Kei It was taken over by "Works" and was produced and sold for about 2005 years and 1 months until the end of production in January 6.In addition, this type of van is often used as a modified base because the vehicle weight is particularly light.[Annotation 19].
- 1999February 2-Based on "Works ie", driver's seat / passenger seat SRSAirbag, 4 wheelsABSLaunched "Works Limited," a special-purpose vehicle with enhanced comfort equipment.
- March 1999, 3-Launched a new grade "Epo Turbo" equipped with a Si turbo engine based on the 16-door "Epo".Unlike Works, it was a turbo-equipped model but was not equipped with a tachometer.
- May 1999, 5-DOHCLean burnWith the engineCVTLaunched a 3-door "Sc Lean Burn" CVT-equipped vehicle with low fuel consumption.
- October 1999, 10-Partially improved.Improved fuel efficiency and power performance.The Van's Va and Sc / Lc were 7-speed wipers, but the intermittent wiper function is standard on all models.In commemoration of the 2th anniversary of the release, the special specification car "Epo Extra" was released.Also,Cervo CAs a substantial successor to the "Alto C", which is a classic specification, was set. The "Alto C" is equipped with various safety equipment, a full logic AM / FM cassette, and a fully automatic air conditioner as standard equipment.
- 2000May 5-To commemorate Suzuki's 18th anniversary, the "80th Anniversary Car Lx", a special specification car based on the 5-door "Lc" with convenient equipment, is released.
- October 2000, 7- Visiting careEngage inhelper2-seater specification equipped with comfortable equipment such as luggage hook, keyless entry, passenger seat cushion box, air conditioner (antibacterial treatment type), AM radio, power steering, power window, power door lock, UV cut glass, etc. Launched "Visit Nursing Car" (front wheel drive / 3AT car only).
- October 2000, 9- IndiaStarted production and sales at. It is equipped with an 800 cc engine or a 1,100 cc engine.
- December 2000, 12-Minor changes.Carry out a face lift.Works will be abolished due to sluggish sales.Even in the model before the face lift, there are also "excellent-low emission vehicles (☆☆)" certified vehicles.In addition, the "visiting care vehicle" released in July of the same year was also slightly changed on December 5, the same year, and in addition to the face lift, the air conditioning switch was changed to a dial type and the keyless entry was changed to a radio wave type..
- 2001February 2-"Alto C15" is released as a successor to "Alto C". Unlike C, the plated parts are eliminated and the retro-style design of the interior and exterior is deepened..
- July 2001, 7-Launched a new grade "Lb" with a low price from the 23 yen level, despite being a 5-door, 3-speed AT.In addition, cumulative production has reached 60 million units.
- November 2001, 11-Launched the new grade "N-14" at an affordable price while adopting advanced equipment.
- 2002April 4-Partially improved. VVT is adopted for the 10-door "Epo (front wheel drive)" and the new grade 5-door "Van Vl", and "Ultra-Low Emissions (☆☆☆)" certification is obtained.A 3-speed MT vehicle is added to the low-priced grade "Lb".In addition, the optional SRS airbags for the driver and passenger seats of the sedan will be standard equipment.
- December 2002, 12-A 4-speed MT vehicle is installed on the 5-door "Epo (front-wheel drive)" of the sedan and the 3-door "Vl" of the van. The 5-speed AT vehicle also has improved fuel efficiency.
- June 2003-Added "Lb Special" equipped with CD deck and hubcap to "Lb".
- June 2004-Specification change.As the vehicle model has changed, the front-wheel drive vehicles of the "Epo" and van "Vl" have changed to "6 standard emission 17% reduction level (☆☆☆)" and "50 fuel efficiency standard + 22%". Achieved.
- 2004/8 -Discontinued. Only the stock will be sold.
- September 2004-The sedan was discontinued due to a full model change, but the VVT was removed from the "Vl" van, which continues to sell the old model, and the AT was also dropped from 9th to 4rd.
- January 2005-Van is discontinued and moved to a new model.
Cumulative production of the 5th generation is 54 units.
6th generation HA24S / 24V type (2004-2009)
2004It will undergo a full model change on September 9.The 13-door car, 3-seater, and no air conditioner / power steering specifications that have been in the lineup for many years from this model will be abolished.In addition, the grade system will be reviewed and changed to "E", "G", and "X".There are two types of transmissions, "E" and "G", 2-speed MT and 5-speed AT, and "X" is set only for electronically controlled 3-speed AT.The indoor height is 2 mm higher than the 4th generation.Body color musk blue metallic is Auto Color Award 5Won the exterior color category of the Auto Color Designers Award. It continues to supply Mazda as a carol on an OEM basis for the 5th generation.The engine will be equipped with the K6A type DOHC engine for all cars following the predecessor, but it existed in the predecessorVVTSpecifications, lean-burn specifications, and fully automatic air conditioners with LCD have been abolished in this generation.
Vehicles without keyless entry have three key cylinders (driver's door, passenger's door, and back door) as in the previous generation, but vehicles with keyless entry have only driver's door and a door handle on the back door. As a result, the indoor backdoor opener was abolished.
2005On January 1, the van was also fully remodeled.From this generation, the van will also have 12 doors, and the 5-door van will be revived for the first time in 16 years.The body color is Superior White (5U) and only one color is available, and the front and rear bumpers are made by the same company.CarrySimilarly, white resin is used so that there is no risk of paint peeling.
Driver and passenger seat SRS airbags, which were treated as manufacturer set options in the previous generation, are now standard equipment, but 4-wheel ABS is not available as a manufacturer option.
- May 2005, 5 --- Based on the "G", a special specification car "G Special" equipped with aluminum wheels and electrically retractable door mirrors has been added, and the van is a new grade "G Special" equipped with keyless entry and power door locks. Released "VP".With the release of the van "VP", the existing van became "VS".
- 2006January 1-Based on "E", power windows, 5-inch full wheel caps[Annotation 20]Released "EII" equipped with.At the same time, instead of abolishing the body color "Mint Green Metallic", "Lavender Metallic" was added.
- July 2006, 7-Based on the "G", a special specification car "GII" equipped with a dedicated front grille, electrically retractable door mirrors, and smoked glass (rear back) is released.At the same time, the specifications were changed, and the "EII", "G", "G Special" front-wheel drive, 10MT vehicles and "X" four-wheel drive vehicles were "5 standard emission 17% reduction level (☆☆☆☆). "G" / "G Special" 75MT / four-wheel drive vehicles and "X" front-wheel drive vehicles are "5 fuel efficiency standard + 22%", "G" / "G Special" Front-wheel drive and 10MT vehicles have achieved the "5 fuel efficiency standard + 22%" respectively.The body color has also been changed, and instead of abolishing "Cat's Eye Blue Metallic" and "Coconut Beige Metallic", "Milk Tea Beige Metallic" has been added.
- 2006December 12-Minor change. For "E" and "X", the shape of the front grill has been changed and the position of the blinkers has been moved to the upper part of the front bumper. The "GII" is placed next to the headlamps, just like the previous model.In addition, the seat skin was changed to brown."Antique Rose Metallic" and "Lime Green Metallic" have been added as body colors, and "Lavender Metallic" has been abolished.Improved exhaust gas performance and fuel efficiency of front-wheel drive, 11-speed AT vehicles.In addition, the "EII" and "GII" that were released as special specification vehicles have been promoted to catalog models.At the same time, "EII" was renamed to the new specification "E".Along with this, "G" and "X (vehicles with set options)" were abolished.The van is just a change in the seat skin design.
- 2007August 1- Nissan MotorWhat"PINOOEM supply started under the name of ". It was sold until February 2010.
- June 2007-Specification change only for "X". 6-wheel ABS (EBD-Brake assist(With) is standard equipment.
- September 2007, 9 --Re-release of the special bargain car "EII".This time, based on the "E" equipped with CD audio and power window as standard equipment, a radio wave keyless entry and security alarm system, a colored door handle of the same body color, and UV cut glass (front) are specially equipped. "Maroon Brown Pearl" has been newly set as a body color exclusively for this grade.
- 2008July-Specification change.Added "Airblue Metallic" and "Classy Red Pearl" as new body colors.In addition, "Maroon Brown Pearl", which was set as a color exclusively for "EII", can now be set for all grades.Along with this, "Bright Red 7", "Musk Blue Metallic", "Antique Rose Metallic", and "Lime Green Metallic" have been abolished.[Annotation 21]The bargain special specification car "EII" is promoted to the catalog model again.
- 2008November-Specifications changed only for front-wheel drive vehicles of "GII".
- 2009March --Achieved cumulative worldwide sales of 3 million units (including derivative vehicles such as the Altrapan and vehicles with specifications outside Japan).
- April 2009-The highest grade "X" and van "VS" exclusively for 4-speed AT cars are abolished.As a result, the sedan will be the highest grade "GII" and the van will be the only "VP".However, OEM cars Carol and Pinot will continue to use 4-speed AT cars as before.
- May 2009, 5-To commemorate the 12th anniversary of the release, a radio wave keyless entry based on the cheapest grade "E" (Hazard lamp(With answer back), power door lock (back door interlocking), security alarm system, door sash used in the former highest grade "X", A pillar blackout, 30th anniversary of birthDecalReleased a special specification car "30th Anniversary Commemorative Car" equipped with (attached to the back door).Five body colors are available, including the specially set color Nocturne Blue Pearl.The price was kept at 5 yen higher than the base model.
- 2009/11 -Discontinued. Only the stock will be sold.
- December 2009-Discontinued as a replacement for the 12th generation.
- (Supplement)2010February-Ended OEM supply to Nissan Motor.
Cumulative sales of the 6th generation are about 27 units.
7th generation HA25S / 25V / 35S type (2009-2014)
2009 (Heisei 21)May 12Full model change, sales start from the same day.The monthly sales target has been announced as 7000 units.
As for the grade system, the passenger grade is set to 4 grades of "E", "F", "G", and "X", and the van is set to "VP" only as in the previous generation.The K6A engine will continue to be installed in this generation, but the VVT, which was once abolished in the 6th generation, will be re-installed.Intake manifoldThe air supply efficiency has been improved by changing the shape of.In addition, the CVT car, which is the first transmission since the 5th generation, has been reset,paletteAdopted inJATCOMade ofSub transmission mechanismIt was changed to CVT with. All AT cars will be multi-staged to 4-speed (Jatco / JF405E), andLock-upThe area was expanded.Body tooAerodynamicsReview of shape and plate thickness in consideration of characteristics,High strength steelBy reducing the weight by expanding the use of boards, all vehicles except the front-wheel drive and 5MT vehicles of the van "VP" have achieved the 27 fuel efficiency standards.Van "VP" is "17 standard exhaust gasAt the same time, we obtained the "75% reduction level (☆☆☆☆)" certification.
The front face, which is more rounded and has a spindle-shaped headlamp, adopts two different designs for the "F" and higher grades and the "E" and van "VP".[Annotation 22].. The CD player that comes standard with grades "F" and aboveinstrument panelIt became a special design according to the modeling of the central part[Annotation 23]..Also, a simple large sizeSpeedometerIs a white background, and the information display has added functions to display instantaneous fuel consumption, average fuel consumption, and mileage.The highest grade "X" that was revived along with the full model change is Alto's first keyless push start system andImmobilizerHowever, in order to reduce costs, the rear wiper was installed only on four-wheel drive vehicles.
There are two grades, "ECO-L" and "ECO-S".2rd generation engineMR wagonAdopted inR06A typeBefore stopping, the engine is automatically stopped at 9 km / h or less.Idling stopEquipped with a system.To save powerRear combination lampとHigh mount stop lampTheLEDTurned intoFuel pumpChanged to the first power-saving type in a mini vehicle.With the change of the engine, the skeleton around the engine room was also renewed and the fuel tank capacity was changed to 20 L.By thoroughly reducing the weight of various parts, we have achieved a weight reduction of 20 kg compared to the "G" CVT vehicle, and reduced the vehicle height by 15 mm to the front.bumperBy changing the shape of the suspension to improve aerodynamic performance,タ イ ヤRun by changingresistanceWas reduced.By these,JC08 modeAchieved 30.2 km / L (27 fuel efficiency standard + 20% achieved).Idling stopThe system is Suzuki's first new mechanismStarter motorIs installed, and the brake is released even when the idling stop is operating before the vehicle stops.Handle operationThe engine restarts instantly by operations such as, and smooth re-acceleration is possible.In addition, the engine can be restarted by turning on the S mode switch of the transmission and opening the door.Also,Start on a slopeIt is additionally equipped with a hill hold control that suppresses retreat at the time of.
In addition, fuel efficiency is improving with each improvement.2013It was improved to 2 km / L with a minor change in February, and improved to 33.0 km / L with a partial improvement in November of the same year.
This Alto Eco is the "e-fuel consumption award 2013-2014" sponsored by the fuel consumption management service "e-fuel consumption" that allows registered members operated by Eid Co., Ltd. to input and manage the actual fuel consumption of their own car obtained in their real life via the Internet. In the "light vehicle category" of "", it recorded 22.6 km / L and ranked first in the category.In addition, this figure exceeds the record of Toyota Aqua (improved model in November 1, 2km / L), which won the two crowns of "new model car category" and "hybrid car category" at the same award. It recorded the highest actual fuel consumption among all the award categories, and the result proved that the actual fuel consumption is higher than that of hybrid vehicles.。2015年2月16日に発表された「e燃費アワード2014-2015」では前年を上回る23.2 km/Lを記録して「軽自動車部門」で2連覇を達成するとともに、総合部門でも「ハイブリッド車部門」で1位となったトヨタ・アクア（22.6 km/L）を上回り、「総合部門」でも2連覇を達成した.
Six body colors are available for both "Alto" and "Alto Eco"[Annotation 24]However, in "Alto Eco", the white system is replaced with "Alto" Superior White, and a leaf white, which is a special color with a green tinge, is set.In addition, Superior White has come to be set as "Alto Eco" due to the specification change in May 2013 (Heisei 25).In addition, with the partial improvement of Alto Eco in November of the same year, Milk Tea Beige Metallic and Blueish Black Pearl 5 will be changed to Alto exclusive colors, and Alto Eco will have red Phoenix Red Pearl and pink champagne Pink Pearl Metallic. Two colors have been added, and the number of exclusive colors has been increased to three (both are the body colors set for other Suzuki cars).
Regarding OEM models, Carol was also remodeled on the day after the announcement, and in November 2012, Carol Eco, a derivative model of fuel-efficient specifications, was added.
- 2009October-New Alto Concept announced at the 10st Tokyo Motor Show.
- 2009May 12 --Announcement / release.
- 2010January 1-19Good Design AwardAward.
- February 2010-Sales of 2MT vehicles started (set to "VP" front-wheel drive vehicles and "E" / "F").
- 2010May 5 - Specification change.Power windows, keyless entry, no centralized door lock, audioless cheapest grade "E" will be abolished and "F" will be the cheapest grade. Based on the "G" four-wheel drive CVT vehicle, the new grade "X" is equipped with the keyless push start system and immobilizer that are standard equipment, and the rear seats are split and foldable (with headrest). "G4" is added. With the release of the "G4", the "G" and "X" four-wheel drive vehicles have been abolished.
- 2010May 11 - Specification change."Blueish Black Pearl 3" has been added in place of the body color "Shiny Green Metallic".
- 2011May 11 --Announced the fuel-efficient derivative model "Alto Eco" equipped with the R06A engine and idling stop system (launched on December 12, the same year).
- 2012May 6 --Partially improved (type 2).In order to respond to the revision of safety standards for seats and seat belts from July of the same year, ISOFIX-compatible child seat fixing anchors have been added to the rear seats of all grades except the van "VP", and the headrests of the front seats have been enlarged.In addition, "G7" and "X" have the shape of the rear headrest.SaddleChanged to (Kura) type.The van "VP" has changed the front seat to a high back seat with integrated headrest.In addition, the eco-drive indicator used in Alto Eco has been expanded and adapted to all types except 5MT vehicles, and the "F" four-wheel drive and 4AT vehicles have improved fuel efficiency by changing the transmission to CVT, and Alto As with other passenger grades, it has achieved the "27 fuel efficiency standards".Due to this change, 4AT is set only for front-wheel drive vehicles.Alto Eco has reduced the weight of the car body by 10 kg and changed the S mark and car name emblem to blue plating in order to differentiate it.
- 2012May 7 --Added "ECO-S Eco Blue Package" to Alto Eco.Based on "ECO-S", in order to further differentiate from Alto, colored door mirrors, colored door handles (excluding back doors), audio panels, seat skins, door armrests, inside door handles, air conditioner side louvers Uses light blue.The S mark on the steering wheel is also plated in the same light blue as the emblems.The body color will be set only in Superior White, which is the same as standard cars and vans.
- 2012May 11 --Started OEM supply of Alto Eco as "Carol Eco" to Mazda.
- 2013May 2 --Partially improved (Type 3, sales start on March 3)..Alto Eco has undergone a minor change and introduced the next-generation environmental technology "Suzuki Green Technology" adopted in the 5th generation Wagon R.For the exterior, silver-painted fins are used on the front grille to differentiate the front face, and the colored door handles and colored door mirrors ("ECO-S" only) excluding the back door are changed to silver-painted.Light gray is used for the interior color and seat color, and light blue is used for the air conditioner operation panel.The meter has been completely redesigned, and the meter ring and dial are light blue.TachometerIt becomes a three-lens meter with the addition ofeco DriveAssisted lighting and eco-score are adopted.The equipment has been enhanced, and the radio wave type keyless entry has been expanded and adapted to the "ECO-L". The "ECO-S" is equipped with a new rear seat headrest as standard equipment, as well as a door mirror with LED side turn lamps, a keyless push start system, and an immobilizer. Added the set option of. The "ECO-S Eco Blue Package" has been abolished, but a new four-wheel drive vehicle that has achieved 08km / L in JC30.4 mode has been installed.[Annotation 25]..Alto has also improved the fuel efficiency of CVT vehicles by reducing the weight and adopting an improved CVT, and the "G" CVT vehicle and "X" have achieved the "27 fuel efficiency standard + 10%".In addition, some body colors have been changed for both Alto and Alto Eco, and it is the second generation from the conventional "Maroon Brown Pearl".Altra breadAnd 3nd generationSolioIt has been replaced with "Urban Brown Pearl Metallic" which is the setting color such as.
- 2013May 5 --Alto Eco has been changed in specifications, and "Superior White", which was set as a special color for the "ECO-S Eco Blue Package" that was abolished due to minor changes, has been newly set (note that it has not been set for OEM car Carol Eco). Will be).
- 2013May 11 --Partially improved Alto Eco (Type 4, sales start on December 12)..Of the engineCompression ratioAlong with improving (11.0 → 11.2)pistonFriction (friction resistance) is reduced by changing the shape of the chome and changing the engine oil and engine oil pump.By optimizing the powertrain control, fuel efficiency has been improved by 2.0km / L for front-wheel drive vehicles and 1.4km / L for four-wheel drive vehicles.In terms of equipment, the driver's seat heater and heated door mirror set option have been added to the front-wheel drive vehicle of the "ECO-S", and the driver's seat heater has been expanded to the "ECO-L" as standard for four-wheel drive vehicles. Equipped and set as an option for front-wheel drive vehicles.In addition, the heater itself has also been improved, and the engine to the CVT cooler when the water temperature is low immediately after the engine starts.Cooling waterBy shutting off the flow of water and warming the cooling water in a short time, the time when the heater starts to work was shortened.Instead of replacing the body color and abolishing "Milk Tea Beige Metallic" and "Blueish Black Pearl 3" (shifting to Alto exclusive color), "Phoenix Red Pearl" and "Champagne Pink Pearl Metallic" are new exclusive colors. "It was set.The price of the vehicle body has been reduced for all grades, and in particular, the front-wheel drive vehicle of the "ECO-L" has a vehicle body price of 80 yen including tax, making it easier to purchase.At the same time, Alto will change the specifications and abolish "F" four-wheel drive / CVT vehicles and "G" / "G4" / "X" in order to integrate CVT vehicles and advanced grades into Alto Eco.[Annotation 26]However, it became a monograde system of "F" only (5MT (front wheel drive / four wheel drive) and front wheel drive / 4AT vehicles only).[Annotation 27].
- Late November 2014-Discontinued.Only in stock will be sold.
- (Supplement) December 2014-End of production of 12th generation Carol.
- 2014May 12 ――The 7th generation series is no longer sold.Cumulative sales are about 39 units.
- (Supplement)2015May 1 --The 6th generation Carol is no longer sold.
8th generation HA36S / 36V type (2014-)
2014May 12Opened a promotion site to announce a full model change inAfter that, it was fully remodeled on December 12nd of the same year, and it will be on sale from the same day. OEM car modelMazda CarrollAlso, three days after the Alto, a full model change was announced, and sales began one month later.
On March 2015, 3, the turbo car "Turbo RS" will be additionally released for the first time in about 11 years and 5 months since the 14th generation...On December 12th of the same year, "ワ ー ク スWas remodeled and released after a blank of about 15 years..
As a result, it increased to four variations of sedan, van, turbo RS, and works, and in particular, it became the first two model system in history for hot hatch models, but later turbo RS was abolished in November 4, and eventually works. It was unified to.
Origin of car name
- Alto (Italian): "(-to)ExcellentOr "(-to)優 れ た. "
- Works (English):Works TeamMeaning.
- Epo (English andFrenchOriginated word): "Epoch makingFrom. In French to create a fashionable and European feeldefinite articleCrowned "Le".
Overseas specification car
Alto sold outside Japan has some differences from the Japanese specifications.
The first generation for outside Japan will be the SS80 type.Based on the SS40 fronte, it is equipped with an in-line 40-cylinder 3cc engine that delivers 796ps, and was sold in Europe from 1981 to 1984.IndiaThen Maruti Suzuki (currently:Maruti Suzuki India) ByMulti 800As,PakistanThen.Pak SuzukiManufactured as Suzuki FX.
The second generation for overseas markets is CA2 / 91 / CB92 / 91 type (also SB92 type). It is equipped with a 308cc engine based on the CA71 / 72 type Fronte.It was produced as the second generation Maruti 796 in India and as the Mehran in Pakistan.Also,People's Republic of ChinaThen.Changan Automobile, Jilin Gangbuk Machinery Factory, Konan Gangnam Automobile.It was sold in Europe from 1984 to 1993, but after the model change to the CL11 type for the Japanese market, it was switched to import from India.
CL11 type is Daewoo National Car (currently:South Korea GM)ButDaewoo TicoAsSouth Korea,ポーランド,ルーマニア,Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.euProduced in.In China, Tycho was named "Anchi" (MC6330) by Anhui Anhui Automobile from 1994 to 2003, and of its parent company.Hafei AutomobileIt was produced from 6330 to 1999 under the name "Baili" (HFJ2004E) (the engine is an in-line 4-cylinder 870cc engine).It was also licensed and produced by Spellanza in Egypt (1996-2008).
From 1994 to 2002Cervo modeA model equipped with a 1L engine based on the model was exported from India as the third-generation Alto for Europe.This model was sold under the name "Zen" in India.
The first model in the Indian market to bear the "Alto" name appeared in 2000. In-line 12-cylinder based on HA3 type F8D type It is equipped with a 796cc engine, which was exported to emerging countries.The 4th generation Alto for EuropeInline 4 cylinder A model equipped with the F10D 1061cc engine was exported from India and sold from 2002 to 2009. The 1.1L car was also set as a high-end grade for India, but it was eventually dropped from the catalog and in-line 2010-cylinder in August 8. K10B type A model equipped with a 998cc engine debuted as the "Alto K10".The Alto K10 is also exported to emerging markets. HA12 type was also manufactured in Pakistan andコロンビアThen.General MotorsIt was assembled locally and sold as a Chevrolet Alto.
The fifth-generation Alto for Europe was sold from 5 to 2009.It is a foreign version of the model sold as Maruti Suzuki A Star in India, and in some areas such as Latin America, "CelerioWas sold as.The successor to the same model will be unified with the Celerio model worldwide.
Alto for Pakistan was released on June 2019, 6..This is Suzuki's first overseas base model that uses the same body and displacement as the current mini vehicle standard in Japan. Based on the 8th generation Alto, the body and engine are the same as the Japanese specifications, but the minimum ground clearance is high ( The overall height is 15mm, which is 1,490mm higher than the "F", "L", and "S" in Japan), and the specifications have been changed according to the road conditions in Pakistan.There are two types of transmissions, 5MT and AGS.
Alto 800 / Alto K10 (for exclusive use outside Japan, 2012-)
Manufactured and developed by Maruti Suzuki India, it is exported to emerging countries such as the Philippines and Latin American countries.
On October 2012, 10, Maruti Suzuki India announced the Alto 16..Developed under the codename YE3, this model is the successor to the Multi Alto, which has been on sale since September 2000, and was released on January 9, 2014.Multi 800After the production was discontinued, it has become an entry model for Maruti Suzuki.The engine isF8DIt has taken over the mold.ManufactureGurgaonPerformed at the factory.
On November 2014, 11, Maruti Suzuki India announced the new Alto K3..The new K10 is based on the Alto 800, but with a newly designed front mask, taillights and dashboard.The engine is a K10B 1.0L in-line 3-cylinder engine with a maximum output of 68ps and a maximum torque of 90Nm. CNG specifications are also set, and in CNG mode, the maximum output is 59ps and the maximum torque is 78Nm.In addition to the 5-speed MT, the transmission is a 5-speed called Auto Gear Shift (AGS).I HAVE TIs prepared. AGS is set in IndiaCelerioIt will be the second model following.
- ^ As of 1970, 125 million mini vehicles were produced annually in the Japanese market, but by 1975 the production had dropped to 58, which is less than half (Osamu Suzuki "I am a small and medium-sized enterprise." Father ”Nihon Keizai Shimbun Publishing Co., Ltd. 2009 p22 ・ 270).By this timeHonda,マ ツ ダHas withdrawn from the light passenger car market.
- ^ Suzuki by thenFronte vanIs a development type fromFronte hatchWe have a fixed customer base, and this experience was also put to good use.
- ^ Japanese mini passenger cars require independent rear-wheel suspension in the early 1950s-60sRear engineDue to the large number of cars and the demand for good driving performance even with a small size, the FR system was used until the 1970s.Mitsubishi Minica,Mazda Chanter, Except for the rear wheel fixed shaft in each front-wheel drive car made by Honda, the rear wheel independent suspension was often used including Suzuki.After the spread of front-wheel drive, the adoption of independent rear wheel suspension decreased sharply due to advances in chassis design, and in the 2010s, the majority of front engine models of mini passenger cars adopted fixed axles or torsion beam rear wheels for rationalization.・ We are trying to simplify.
- ^ The passenger car Fronte equipped with the same type engine was equipped with a secondary air pump that sends air to the catalyst in order to clear the regulation with a 2-stroke engine that is disadvantageous for exhaust gas purification, but commercial vehicles are not necessary for Alto because the regulation is loose Met.
- ^ AlreadyJimnyAlready adopted in such. It was still seen in light vehicles until the early 1970s, but it is a light truck and a light van.Carry / Carry Van(AfterEvery Van) However, after 1976, electric washer was adopted, and it was a method that was generally obsolete at that time.
- ^ Not limited to the Alto, dealer options were common as options for new car sales in Japan before the 1980s.The purpose of this was to avoid the institutional disadvantage that the taxable amount would be added because the cost would be considered as a part of the new car price if it was a factory-assembled manufacturer option.In the case of Alto, in addition to this, it can be seen that it aimed at mass production effect by monograde at the time of factory shipment.
- ^ When calculated by taking into account the consumer price index, 47 yen at that time is equivalent to about 2014 yen (excluding tax) as of 66.
- ^ Even if you sell the same car in the same Japan, it is far from the factory (especiallyHokkaido,OkinawaSuch)HonshuIn areas far from the automobile industry area, transportation costs are added to the selling price, and it is customary that there is a certain price difference from the area near the factory.
- ^ Osamu Suzuki, op.cit., P41-42.As a result, it is said that it has been equipped with equipment capable of producing 2 4-stroke engines annually in two years.
- ^ Have a partnership with GMCar makerAmong them, only Suzuki is approached by GM.[Source required]
- ^ All front-wheel drive vehicles have 10-inch wheels and 10-inch tires.
- ^ 3-link coil rigid suspensionTrailing link (front-back direction) and axle beam (in the format based onaxleBeam)rubberブ ッ シ ュThe number of is 1 which is usually 2.
- ^ The name of "Regina" is2011 OfTokyo Motor ShowSuzuki announced atConcept carIt has reappeared as the name of.
- ^ Initially, it was planned to sell at 78 horsepower, but the Ministry of Transport at that time showed disappointment, and it was sold after being detuned to 64 horsepower.Radiator with 20% larger capacity than regular model, anodized low comp piston, reinforcedConnecting rodIt features special parts such as nitrided reinforced forged crank, water-cooled IHI RHB31CW turbine, EPI, and aluminum intercooler.
- ^ The vehicle in the image is different from the vehicle actually sold because it has Alto Works parts on the exterior.
- ^ In addition, the dashboard emblem has disappeared, the seat has become a general item that is not a semi-bucket, and the meter has changed from red to white at 10,000 rpm, and the extreme sports color has been diluted.
- ^ In addition, the early model is 1DIN, and 2DIN is dealt with by the box (dealer OPT) that is expanded downward.
- ^ Excludes IE with F3A engine, which is a 5-door and 6-door specification of Works.However, early model VVT vehicles are often shunned in the used market because they are difficult to tune.
- ^ KC Technica Suzuki Altvan Turbo K6A turbo in the vanI put itIt is a complete car, and it is touted as "beyond works" because of its lightness.
- ^ A 13-inch full wheel cap is standard equipment on four-wheel drive vehicles.
- ^ OEM carCarol,PinotAlso changed the body color setting according to this.In addition, "Classy Red Pearl" and "Maroon Brown Pearl" are available only in "EII" and "GII".
- ^ "E" and van "VP" adopt material coloring resin bumper like the predecessor
- ^ Since the "E" and the van "VP" are equipped with a 1DIN pocket, an audio exchange garnish is installed. Even if the grade is "F" or higher, if the dealer option audio or car navigation is equipped, the audio exchange garnish will be installed instead of the standard audio.
- ^ The van "VP" is available only in Superior White.The "E" that was initially set for sale was available in two colors, Superior White and Silky Silver Metallic.
- ^ The "ECO-S" will be additionally equipped with a driver's seat heater and heated door mirrors.
- ^ "F" four-wheel drive / CVT vehicle is "ECO-L" four-wheel drive vehicle, "G" CVT vehicle is "ECO-S" front-wheel drive vehicle, "G4" is "ECO-S" four This is because the wheel drive vehicles carry each, and the door mirror with LED side turn lamp, keyless push start system, and immobilizer that were equipped on the "X" can be installed as a set option of the "ECO-S". 4AT cars are also abolished for "G"
- ^ For front-wheel drive and 4AT vehicles, it will not be possible to select the manufacturer's option for 4-wheel ABS.
- ^ From page 18 of DeAgostini Japan Weekly Japanese Famous Car No. 17.
- ^ "The light four-wheeled vehicle" Alto "has achieved cumulative domestic sales of 500 million units." (Press Release), Suzuki Motor Corporation, (December 2016, 12) 2016th of February 12Browse.
- ^ Osamu Suzuki, op.cit., P28-29.
- ^ "Nice spot! But 5 cars that have disappeared”. Car News (October 2020, 4). 2020th of February 4Browse.
- ^ "Alto Hustle”. Toyota Motor Corporation (January 2019, 12). 2019th of February 12Browse.
- ^ "Alto (Suzuki) September 1988-October 9 production model”. Recruit (June 2019, 12). 2019th of February 12Browse.
- ^ "Alto (Suzuki) November 1994-September 11 Production model catalog”. Recruit (June 2019, 12). 2019th of February 12Browse.
- ^ New release of "Wagon R wheelchair shuttle car with rear seat" and "Every rear seat lift-up car" that considers the use of wheelchair users and "Alto home-visit care car" that considers the use of helpers --Suzuki Corporation News Release July 2000, 7 (viewed June 7, 2015)
- ^ Partially improved Wagon R welfare vehicles "wheelchair shuttle vehicle" and "passenger seat lift-up vehicle" and "Alto home-visit nursing vehicle" --Suzuki Corporation News Release July 2000, 12 (viewed June 20, 2015)
- ^ New release of "Alto CXNUMX" with stylish appearance and high-quality interior --Suzuki News Release (February 2001, 2) Retrieved December 15, 2017
- ^ "Alto (Suzuki) November 1998-September 10 Production model catalog”. Recruit (June 2019, 12). 2019th of February 12Browse.
- ^ DeAGOSTINI Japan Weekly Japanese famous car No. 57 from page 23.
- ^ Auto Color Award 2005
- ^ "Alto (Suzuki) November 2004-September 9 Production model catalog”. Recruit (June 2019, 12). 2019th of February 12Browse.
- ^ DeAGOSTINI Japan Weekly Japanese famous car No. 61 from page 21.
- ^ [Suzuki Alto Eco Appearance] Is the reduced tank capacity a practical concern? Response February 2012, 02
- ^ e Fuel Economy Award 2013-2014 --e Fuel Economy Retrieved March 2014, 3
- ^ [E-fuel economy award 2013-2014] Announcement of the car with the best practical fuel economy ... Toyota Aqua wins two crowns --e Fuel economy March 2014, 3 (viewed March 20, 2014)
- ^ [E-fuel economy award 2014-2015] Alto Eco achieves second consecutive victory in general category --e Fuel economy March 2015, 2 (viewed March 16, 2015)
- ^ "Overview of exhibition at the 41st Tokyo Motor Show" (Press Release), Suzuki Motor Corporation, (December 2009, 10) 2016th of February 12Browse.
- ^ "Suzuki achieves fuel efficiency of 1km / L (front-wheel drive vehicle), which is the No. 33.0 gasoline-powered vehicle. Launched the light passenger car" Alto Eco "" (Press Release), Suzuki Motor Corporation, (December 2013, 2) 2013th of February 2Browse.
- ^ "Suzuki Achieves No. 1 Gasoline Vehicle Fuel Economy of 35.0km / L Launched Light Passenger Car" Alto Eco "" (Press Release), Suzuki Motor Corporation, (December 2013, 11) 2013th of February 11Browse.
- ^ DeAGOSTINI Japan Weekly Japanese famous car No. 84 from page 21.
- ^ Suzuki releases new mini car "Alto" on December 12 --Car Watch December 2014, 12
- ^ "Suzuki launches new mini passenger car" Alto Turbo RS "" (Press Release), Suzuki Motor Corporation, (December 2015, 3) 2015th of February 3Browse.
- ^ "Suzuki launches new mini passenger car" Alto Works "" (Press Release), Suzuki Motor Corporation, (December 2015, 12) 2015th of February 12Browse.
- ^ Suzuki four-wheeled vehicle Origin of the car name --Suzuki official website
- ^ "Suzuki launches new" Alto "equipped with 660cc engine in Pakistan" (Press Release), Suzuki Motor Corporation, (December 2019, 6) 2019th of February 6Browse.
- ^ "Suzuki launches new compact car "Alto 800" in India". Japanese sea bass (September 2012, 10). 2014th of February 11Browse.
- ^ "Fully improved multi-compact car Alto K10 [Vehicle]". NNA (September 2014, 11). 2014th of February 11Browse.
- Suzuki Altrapan --Alto-based derivative model for women.
- Suzuki Fronte --The original Alto was a derivative model of the Fronte, but later the Fronte was integrated into the Alto.
- Suzuki Cervo -Vehicles with the same platform
- Suzuki Mighty Boy -Adopts the same platform as the first generation
- Suzuki Wagon R --Vehicles using the same platform.
- Suzuki Twin -Equipped with the same engine as the 5th generation.
- Suzuki Palette -Adopts the same platform as the 7th generation.
- Multi 800 --A second-generation model for the Indian market.
- Daewoo Tico --A locally produced vehicle based in South Korea based on the 3rd generation.
- Suzuki Celerio --A segment car for the outside of Japan that used to be called Alto.
- Mazda Carroll --Alto (5th generation or later) OEM car.
- Nissan Pino --Alto (6th generation only) OEM car.
- Mitsuoka Rei --Alto (5th generation) OEM car.
- ^ DeAGOSTINI Japan Weekly Japanese famous car No. 73 from page 23.
- ^ DeAGOSTINI Japan Weekly Japanese famous car No. 73 from page 23.
- ^ DeAGOSTINI Japan Weekly Japanese famous car No. 73 from page 24.
- ^ DeAGOSTINI Japan Weekly Japanese famous car No. 73 from page 24.
- ^ DeAGOSTINI Japan Weekly Japanese famous car No. 73 from page 24.