Photo Singapore Airlines A350 contracted by Airgo Capital
Singapore Airlines leases 11 aircraft and raises S $ 20 billion
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Due to the high degree of uncertainty due to the corona disaster, Singapore Airlines will continue to consider raising funds to ensure the liquidity of the funds.
Singapore Airlines will release 2021 billion Singapore on Monday, May 5, 3 through a sale and leaseback agreement ... → Continue reading
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Wikipedia related words
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The term funding is for government組織Widely used for private enterprises, sole proprietorships, etc. The term "financing" is broadly defined as the capital that one already ownsnet worthIt corresponds to the method of using). “Financing” refers to a new method of raising funds from the outside in a narrow sense.
It should be noted that fund raising using equity capital is also a kind of fine fund raising, and even if it is not particularly mentioned, it is an act that is frequently carried out internally in the organization, as it was and has been taken for granted. Some books focus on this method and focus on it). In the past (in the Showa era, for example), when someone insisted on an outsider saying "need to raise money", it would be said in accounting terms.Foreign capitalBorrowing a so-calleddebtHow to do (debt finance),Accountas"liabilitiesOften referred to as a way to make or increase something that corresponds to. However, recently, even if we say "financing", the method has become diversified, and it does not always make something that corresponds to debt, we use different types of crowdfunding, private placement bond, mezzanine finance, asset Various methods are available, such as liquidation, and when the term “financing” is brought up, it often refers to different methods (rather than simple debt financing). (Described later).
For private companies and private businesses (and individuals)
In the case of a private company or a private business, if the above is subdivided, the method of using the former's own capital isAsset finance"("Asset financing)) and already haveAssetIt is a method of obtaining funds by selling (part of) and cashing it (or allocating a part of the cash already held for the purpose).
On the other hand"Debt finance"Is"debtProcurement byAnd accounting (bookkeepingAccount)as"liabilitiesProcurement”. There are many, but traditionallyFinancial institutionBorrowed fromCommercial paper(CP) andCorporate bondIssuance of funds.
(However, in the United States and other countries, it is generally done by purely judging the future potential of a business based on a business plan, etc. and investing/investing. Rather than judge by the future potential of a business, a financial institution can repay the debt with its own capital at an emergency and ask, "Does financial institution staff have to be held accountable? I tend to judge from the perspective of whether I can protect myself or can I be blamed by my superior?" There is a strong tendency not to lend money to a person or organization, so it is explained in textbooks and the like that "debt finance" does not work in Japan (apart from the United States). Japanese financial institutions do not play the role of financial institutions."
- Cloud Funding
In the past (old textbooks, etc.), only the above mentioned, old textbooks, etc.Cloud FundingFund procurement by companies has become very active, and the number of methods that do not rely on financial institutions is increasing. Of course, if there is a side to raise funds from the outside, there is also a side to provide funds to the outside, and the word "funding" is "funding". It takes advantage of the fact that even if the amount of money provided by one organization is small, it can be a considerable amount if a large number of people (a large number) gather. Crowdfunding includes donation-type crowdfunding, purchase-type crowdfunding, loan-type crowdfunding (social lending), fund investment-type crowdfunding, etc. Have different positions. For example, donation-type crowdfunding is justDonationHowever, it is not a debt and there is no need to repay, but for example, you give one finished product (one, one) to the person who donated after the product or work was completed ", etc., is considered as a kind of "sales".Sales(Friday)”. However, among donation-type crowdfunding, those that donate particularly purely (businessthe purposeOr people who sympathize with the "heart" provide pure money without any reward in order to purely support the business)GiftThis is a very helpful and very helpful financing method for those who raise funds. The treatment under the tax law differs depending on the country, but under the tax law of Japan, "when an individual is received from a corporation",Temporary income, And if “corporation is from corporation”, “corporation is from individual”, and “individual is from individual”, donations areGiftIs considered.
As mentioned above (apart from the United States), debt financing has become half dysfunctional in Japan, and the business idea of a person with a good idea (a product idea) and the business idea of a person with a good aspiration (mind) Because the plan tended to be buried (by the person in charge of the financial institution) without seeing the light of day, the effectiveness of crowdfunding is highly evaluated.
In addition, the “Funding Perfection Manual” states that there are also the following new procurement methods that can be used by small and medium-sized enterprises..
-  (Private placement bond)
- Commitment line
- Syndicated loan
- Mortgages, loans, etc.(ABL）
- Mezzanine finance(Intermediate between loan and investment) (en: mezzanine finance）
- Financing by asset securitization
- Real estate liquidation
- Liquidation of trade receivables and bills receivables
- Contrast concept
By the way, as a concept contrasted with fund raising,investment,British: investment).Cash flowAbove is funding (British: cashflow from financing activities) Is cash inflow, whereas investment is classified and contrasted with cash outflow, which is the opposite concept.
"CoronaOut ofコ ロ ナ"Is"New coronavirus',MisfortuneIs a word that means "disaster" or "disaster" or "unfortunate event"Then, it is a compound word that is put after various nouns(Other examples: water damage, war damage, etc.).
New Word Award 2020 selected by Daijisen
Served as a special selection committee member regarding the reasons for selectionMeiji UniversityMakirō Tanaka, a professor of the Faculty of International Japanese Studies, said, "It is a word that expresses the current situation in the world, and it is an important word for sharing the desire to overcome this, find a new lifestyle, and manage to survive. I made it the runner-up with support for that feeling. "
- ^ In the online transmission by the administration,
- Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare“About appropriate medical institution consultation (how to get good medical care) based on new coronavirus measures”(Viewed August 2020.8.31, XNUMX)
- Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare "ear of the heart" "New coronavirus infectious disease measures (heart care), advice from experts"Tomoki Takano (Director, Kanda East Clinic) “The corona fatness of self-restraining, and the resumption of fun other than food little by little”(Viewed August 2020.8.31, XNUMX)
- Tokyo (Life and Culture Bureau)"What are the hints for activities in Corona?" CoderDojo ", a programming dojo for children"(Viewed August 2020.8.31, XNUMX)
- Osaka Prefecture (Commerce and Industry Labor Department Commerce and Labor General Affairs Division Economic Research Group)"Results of "Fact-finding Survey of Prefectural Companies Regarding New Coronavirus Infections"" (2020.8.31)(Viewed August 2020.8.31, XNUMX)
- Kyoto (prefectural library)"You can read this kind of article, No.15, "Now on the Coronation in Magazine"" (2020.8.19)(Viewed August 2020.8.31, XNUMX)
- Nara Prefecture (Disaster Prevention Office)"Let's think about evacuation at the time of a disaster because of the coronal disaster now."(Viewed August 2020.8.31, XNUMX)
- Hyogo Prefecture (Planning Citizen's Department, Citizen's Life Bureau, Citizen's Life Division)"Support for disaster volunteers in the corona disaster" Donation of face shield from Hyogo Technical High School (2020.7.16)(Viewed August 2020.8.31, XNUMX)
- Mie Prefecture (Governor Hidetaka Suzuki's blog “Wonderful! Mie”)``19th Mie Prefecture Culture Award'' (2020.8.24)(Viewed August 2020.8.31, XNUMX)
- 31st Kii Peninsula Governor's ConferenceConference material “[Mie Prefecture] Three Prefectures of Tourism in the Kii Peninsula Aiming for Revival from Corona Erosion” (2020.7.9)(Viewed August 2020.8.31, XNUMX)
- Sendai city(Mayor of SendaiKazuko Gun）"Mayor's message about new coronavirus infections Energize the local shopping district with a great gift certificate" (August 2020.8.26, XNUMX)(Viewed August 2020.8.31, XNUMX)
- ^ In newspaper reports,National newspaperAppeared on all 5 papers.
- Asahi Shimbun"Tensei Human Language" (2020.4.20)
- Mainichi Newspapers"Decarbonized society" (2020.4.20)
- Sankei Shimbun"Sunday course declining birthrate and aging era" (2020.4.19)
- Yomiuri Shimbun"Interlude" (2020.4.17)
- Nikkei Shimbun "Editorial" (2020.8.10)(Viewed August 2020.8.31, XNUMX)
- Chunichi Shimbun"Responding to Corona Sickness 93.6% Intention to Continue Business Prefectural Enterprise" (August 2020.8.29, XNUMX)(Viewed August 2020.8.31, XNUMX)
- Tokyo Newspaper"Abe's long-term administration, increased number of non-regular coronas hit directly, unemployed one after another" (2020.8.29)(Viewed August 2020.8.31, XNUMX)
- Hokuriku Chunichi Newspaper[Ishikawa] The Hokuriku musician will support you. Coronal Evil "Everyone desperately eats" (2020.8.24)(Viewed August 2020.8.31, XNUMX)
- Hokkaido Shimbun"Niseko's Kiseki Part 3 In the Corona Sorrow" (2020.5.18-20)(Viewed August 2020.8.31, XNUMX)
- West Japan NewspaperSeries "Living in Corona Evil" (2020.5/14-7/8)(Viewed August 2020.8.31, XNUMX)
- Kahoku Shimpo"Corona's School Excursion / At a Turning Point to Reconsider the Earthquake" (2020.8.28)(Viewed August 2020.8.31, XNUMX)
- Chinese newspaperデ ジ タ ル"Chugoku region, unusually long summer rains and hot summers caused disasters, soaring vegetables/corona erosion caused disappearance of waterfront" (2020.8.30)(Viewed August 2020.8.31, XNUMX)
- Shizuoka ShimbunSBS"Shizuoka Prefecture Sake Brewery Again in Predicament Corona Stagnation, Commercial Stagnation, Searching for a Breakthrough" (2020.8.21)(Viewed August 2020.8.31, XNUMX)
- Niigata Daily"Online exchange with former international students Report on life in Corona" (August 2020.8.29, XNUMX)(Viewed August 2020.8.31, XNUMX)
- Shinano Mainichi ShimbunBelief web"Editorial: Ingenuity to expand opportunities for face-to-face meetings with the University of Corona" (2020.8.24)(Viewed August 2020.8.31, XNUMX)
- Kyoto Shimbun"I can't waste my daytime" Corona Izakaya is open for lunch Business is overheated in the office district, and some stores are withdrawing "(2020.8.4)(Viewed August 2020.8.31, XNUMX)
- Kobe newspaperNEXT"A pastry shop that decided to close its business due to corona virus"(Viewed August 2020.8.31, XNUMX)
- Sanyo newspaper digitalSan desi"Severe heat hits, tourist spots are quiet ... Corona sickness, summer total settlement with exceptional results" (2020.8.30)(Viewed August 2020.8.31, XNUMX)
- Akita Kaishin ShimpoElectronic version"Impact of Corona: The Predicament of Hotels in the Prefecture" (2020.6.11-13)(Viewed August 2020.8.31, XNUMX)
- Tooku NippoWeb Touhou"Is it okay to store corona evacuation masks and disinfectants?" (August 2020.8.31, XNUMX)(Viewed August 2020.8.31, XNUMX)
- ^ Takishima, 2020, ll.1-2.
- ^ Takishima, 2020, l.2.
- ^ Takishima, 2020, l.1.
- ^ Takishima, 2020, ll.24-25.
- ^ Takishima, 2020, ll2-4.
- ^ "This year's new word award selected by the Japanese dictionary" Daijisen "is decided to be [Three Cs]! The runner-up is [Corona" (Press Release), Shogakukan, (July 2020, 12) 2020th of February 12Browse.
- Masako Takishima "Words related to "New Coronavirus" -How to use "Corona-Bad"-NHK Broadcasting Culture Research Institute, July 2020, 7 (viewed September 1, 2020)
- New Coronavirus Infection (2019)
- SARS coronavirus 2
- Pandemic of New Coronavirus Infection (2019-)
- 2019 Coronavirus Infection Outbreak Status by Country/Region
- Socio-economic impact of 2019 coronavirus infection
- The outbreak situation of 2019 coronavirus infectious disease in Japan
- Socio-economic impact of 2019 coronavirus infections in Japan
- Japanese government's response to the 2019 coronavirus epidemic
- List of pages that include "Bad" in the title