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🚗 | Minister of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism Akabane gives instructions on four barrier-free initiatives ... Introduction of IC cards for people with disabilities, etc.

Photo Image of free space for wheelchairs

Minister of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism Akabane instructed four barrier-free initiatives ... Introduction of IC cards for persons with disabilities, etc.

If you write the contents roughly
The Minister's instructions instructed that the introduction of IC cards for persons with disabilities and the introduction of free space for wheelchairs in limited express vehicles should be accelerated and steadily realized.

Minister of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism Akabane has four new initiatives regarding "new barrier-free initiatives for the realization of a truly symbiotic society" ... → Continue reading


Wikipedia related words

If there is no explanation, there is no corresponding item on Wikipedia.

Special express train

Special express train(Tokubetsu Tsukurisha) isTrainIs an express train inExpress trainLocated on top ofTrain typeIs. For shortLimited express train(Review), or simplyLimited expressThat.

Railway company,Railway lineAlthough there are some differences depending on each train, it is a name given to the train that arrives at the destination the fastest on that line.[Annotation 1].

In addition, compared to ordinary trains, there are generally fewer stations and the driving speed is faster, so the arrival time of the section used is shorter, which is a type with express delivery.

In this section,Express chargeIs requiredHonor train(Long-distance trainIn addition to the limited express trains), the following will also be handled.

JNR/JR special express trains


The beginning and end of the prewar special express train

Before the special express trains are set, "The fastest". Among them1906(Meiji39 years)May 4On the national railwayShimbashi Station - Kobe stationThe "express train 1 and 2 trains" set up between the two were the first trains to collect charges for express delivery services in addition to fares, and were positioned as the originators of the current limited express and express trains.

"Special expressThe first time I used the type1912(45th year of Meiji)6By the section extension of the "express train 1" mentioned above,Sekigama ferryThroughChugoku・To Europe etc.International transportationAs a "continental connecting train" that plays a part ofShimbashi Station - Shimonoseki Station(Yamaguchi Shimonoseki) It is the 1st and 2nd trains that started operation.The contents of the organizationFirst class car-Second class carAloneObservation carIs connected to the end, etc.[2], Was to promote the "national prestige of Japan" to the outside world.1914(Taisho3 years)12ToTokyo StationWhen opened, the first and second trains also departed from Tokyo Station.

1923(Taisho 12)7, In the same sectionThird-class carStart of operation of 3 and 4 trains consisting of only[3].. As you can see, this train was more of a mass setting.ShowaWhen entering, enter the limited express trainTrain nicknameWill be attached[4], There were new train settings, but soon after the war entered, the pre-war limited express trains were limited to the following four types. In addition, pre-war limited express trainsTokaido Main Line,Sanyo Main Line,Kagoshima Main Line,Nagasaki Main Line) Was only set. AndPacific WarDue to the intensification of1944(Showa19 years)4Therefore, all of them were abolished at the end of "Fuji", and the Japanese limited express trains disappeared.

Limited express trains at this time
  • Fuji - 1929(4)9Was operating a national railway at that timeMinistry of RailwaysNamed "Fuji" for the 1 and 2 trains mentioned above[4].. This is the first time in Japan and is due to an open call (for open calls,Train nickname), the later-described "Sakura" and "Tsubame" are also named there. "Fuji" became the pre-war Japanese train, and the first-class observation car was connected at the end.1942(17)11,Kanmon tunnelWith the opening of "Fuji"Nagasaki StationExtended until next yearHakata StationIt was abolished in April 1944 (Showa 19).
  • Sakura -1st and 2nd trains are named "Fuji", while 3rd and 4th trains are named "Sakura"[4].1934Until December (Showa 9), it was driven at a time that would lead to "Fuji" by more than ten minutes. It was operated according to its mission as a "popular train", but it was downgraded to an express train in November 12 (Showa 1942).
  • Tsubame - 1930(5)10, Started operation as a train that connects all of the first, second, third, etc. between Tokyo Station and Kobe Station. This train has been devised to reduce the time required.[5], Tokyo Station in December 1934-Osaka StationDriving between eight hours, set a prewar record.1943(Showa 18) Abolished in December.
  • Eagle(Seagull) - 1937(Showa 12) In July, started operation between Tokyo station and Kobe station. It was a train with a strong auxiliary character of "Sakura" and "Tsubame." 7 (Showa 1943)2Abolished.

Revival after the Pacific War and its development

Immediately after the end of the war, the situation of coal, rolling stock, and maintenance deteriorated more than during the war, making it impossible to operate even ordinary trains, let alone limited express trains.1947(Showa 22)1From April to April, even express trains were completely abolished. After that, those situations finally improved1949(Showa 24) In September, "Heiwa" started operating between Tokyo Station and Osaka Station. The same section was connected in 9 hours, and the speed did not reach the prewar level.Dining carThere were many things to see, such as the resurrection.

Special limited express train

After that, limited express trains were gradually set up and issued on each line, and the number of characteristic trains also increased. The following trains are examples of trains that remain in the history of limited express trains after the war. (ShinkansenExcept)

  • "Tsubame" and "Hato" - 1950In January (Showa 25), the above-mentioned "Heiwa" was renamed "Tsubame" three months after starting operation, and the name of the pre-war train was revived (after the war, "Tsubame" and Hiragana). In June of the same year, "Hato" appeared as a sister train in the same section. Furthermore, in October of the same year, the time required between Tokyo Station and Osaka Station was set to 1 hours as before the war,1956(Showa 31) It will be reduced to 11 hours and 7 minutes in November. Until "Kodama", which will be described later, appeared, "Tsubame" and "Hato"National railwayContinued to run as a train symbolizing.
  • "Asakaze' -In November 1956 (Showa 31), it appeared as the first night limited express train after the war between Tokyo Station and Hakata Station. The train was an endless topic such as passing through the Kansai area at midnight. Two years later1958(Showa 33) In October, the new model20 series passenger carReplaced withBlue train".
  • "Hakkari' -In October 1958 (Showa 33)Ueno Station-Aomori StationIt was set as a limited express train heading north of Tokyo for the first time during the prewar period. at firstPassenger carI was using, but after two years1960(Showa 35) In December this was also the first time in JapanRailcarIt became an express train.1968(Showa 43) With the revision in October, it becomes a limited express train.
  • "echo' -November 1958 (Showa 33), between Tokyo station and Osaka stationElectric trainAppears as a limited express train using. Initially, the section was connected in 40 hours and 6 minutes, which was 50 minutes earlier than the time required for locomotive trains up to that point, showing the superiority of the train. Two years later, in June 2 (Showa 1960), it was further reduced to 35 hours and 6 minutes. This made it possible to make a day trip between Tokyo and Osaka"Business Express"CalledTokaido ShinkansenIt ran as a representative train on the Tokaido Main Line until the opening of.

Nationwide expansion of limited express train service

In 1961 (Showa 36), one of the most famous timetable revisions that spread the limited express trainMay 10Amendment (commonly known as "San Lok Too"Time schedule revision) and revision on October 1968, 43 (Showa 10) (commonly known as "Yong San TooThere is a timetable revision). With the revision of 1961 (Showa 36), limited express trains that had been operating only on the Tohoku, Tokaido, Sanyo, Kagoshima, and Nagasaki main lines and Joban Line started running on national trunk lines until 1968 (Showa 43). ), the limited express train, which was a “special” train until its name, is now on the same network as the Tokaido Shinkansen, which opened in October 1964 (Showa 39) in demanding line areas.DiamondAs the number of people became popular, it became possible to promote popularization.

Famous trains of this time
  • "swan' - 1961(Showa 36) October, Osaka station-Aomori station, Ueno station (Shin-Etsu Main LineAppeared as a limited express train by diesel train connecting (via).Naoetsu StationIt is said that the Ueno formation and the Aomori formation will be separated and merged at the same time.SeagullIt became the first limited express train in Japan to split and merge.1965(40) In October, formation to Ueno station was Ueno Station-Kanazawa StationAmong"Hakuta"And became a train in October 1972 (Showa 47), but after that,2001Until March (13), it continued to reign as a daytime limited express train that runs the longest distance in Japan on the conventional line, connecting 3 km between Osaka Station and Aomori Station.
  • "Fuji' - 1964(Showa 39) In October, Tokyo Station-Oita StationAppeared as a sleeper limited express train connecting between the two, and the operating section from October 1965 (Showa 40)Nishi Kagoshima StationExtend to (currently Kagoshima Chuo Station),1980(Showa 55) Until the operating section is shortened in October, between Tokyo station and Nishi Kagoshima stationNippo Main LineIt was the longest limited express train in Japan that traveled 1574.2 km via.

Appearance of L limited express and subsequent development

1972(Showa 47) From October, some daytime limited express trainsL limited expressThe nickname "" was given. Later conventionalExpress trainThis was often done when the train was promoted to a limited express train. HoweverJR East 2002(14) Starting with the abolition of the El Limited Express in December, other JR companies also abolished the El Limited Express name. The name of El Limited Express remained until the endJR TokaiAlso,2018The name of El Limited Express disappeared in 3 and a half years since the name of El Limited Express was abolished in the March timetable revision.

1972- 1985(Showa 60)Sanyo Shinkansen-Tohoku Shinkansen-Joetsu ShinkansenThe number of limited express trains that run long distances has gradually decreased in the form of being replaced by the Shinkansen, and in exchange for it, we plan to connect and connect with the cities away from the Shinkansen. -The number of short-distance trains has increased.

From 1985 (March 60) to December 3 (Heisei 2002),Tohoku Main Line (Utsunomiya Line)-Takasaki LineIn some cases, some L express trains for the purpose of transportation between the same lineNew limited expressWas called. Originally, it was upgraded to a limited express train without changing the stop station to increase the revenue of short and medium distance express trains.Commuter PassHowever, it was decided that it would be possible to board the train, and the fare was set to be the same as the express fare for sections of 50 km or less, which was an intermediate setting between limited express and express.However, it was a limited express set for the reasons mentioned above and was used.185 seriesIs inferior to the conventional limited express trains in the Kansai areaRapid trainFor vehicles that are used fordeckIt was just like wearing a seat, but later the seat was replaced with the same one as for a normal express. In December 2001, the price of limited express trains became the same as that of other trains, and it disappeared the next year probably because there was no longer a need to name the new express train. By the way, the new limited express on the Tohoku main line was downgraded to the speed of ordinary cars except by morning and evening, and the new limited express on the Takasaki line was renewed for accommodation and drastically reduced the number of stops during daytime hours. Improvement measures were taken. Also,Shonan Shinjuku LineAfter the opening of the train, even on the fast and regular trains on the Tohoku and Takasaki linesGreen carAs a result of the consolidation of passenger cars, there is a tendency to emphasize the expansion of green cars for high-speed and regular trains in seated transportation between Takasaki lines, which was handled by the former "new limited express."

2004(16) in AugustKyushu ShinkansenSince the opening ofJR KyushuIs "KirishimaOf those that arrive and depart from Kirishima Jingu and Kokubu,Hayato windAlso, from 2009th October 10Umiyuki YamayukiThere are special express trains such as ", but these trains have limited stops, but there are also trains that are equal to or slower than ordinary trains that run in the same section. This means express delivery "特別 なServices that emphasize connectivity with the Shinkansen, not whether it means "express trains", whether or not to pay a fee for in-car equipment services, and services that are specialized in tourism "Rapid train"・"local train"," etc., is the name of the "express train". Such express trains specialized for sightseeing are often referred to as "sightseeing express" in JR Kyushu for convenience.

About organization

1950 eraUntilPassenger carbyLong formationWas assembled. However, from the 1960s onwards, from the perspective of speeding up delivery, we will change the type of vehicle used from day trains.Electric train-RailcarIt was decided to change to.

As a first example of this,151 seriesUsingKodama issueThere is an organization. Detail isandPlease refer to, for this, the third-class car and the second-class car with a simple cafeteria "Buffet" were installed in the center of the train to operate in an 8-car train, but due to speeding up and improvement of comfort. , When making a train of a conventional limited express train, it was operated with 10-12 cars because it was coordinated with the conventional formation rather than the efficiency of the operation.

However, it was expected to be used in the line area where there are few usersKiha 82 series diesel trainThen.Dining carとFirst class car(AfterGreen car) Was based on a 1-car formation with 6 each[Annotation 3].

By trainSecond-class car (→ normal car)Although there is a difference in both numbers, the organization is shortened, and it will be greatly changed from the conventional one that is operated by about 8-12 cars.

As the first example,1976Set in (Showa 51)Sasebo LineL limited express"Green"485 seriesIn the case of newly-made vehicles, there are some cases where the shortest 4-car train is used. However, the case of "Green" is "Seagull"WhenConsolidationDriveMulti-story trainThere is also a relationship to operate asTrack capacityWas taken as an unusual measure for small routes.

What became known as full-scale shortening,Express BusThe competition withKagoshima Main LineL limited expressAriakeIt is. In this train group, we tried to unify the vehicle types1984Since (59) a modified vehicle was used and a method of increasing the number of trains was adopted instead of shortening the composition composition per train,1986In 61, the "Limited Express with three-car train" started to operate.

However, there is an operational limit to the shortening of trains by trains, and the two-car train limited express trains1990(Heisei 2) AppearanceSapporo Station → Asahikawa StationBetweenExtraordinaryLimited expressMorning expressWas there,1994It is a vehicle used in (4)JR Hokkaido 785 seriesIt was returned to the four-car formation that was the prescribed formation at that time, and thereafter the short train operation by train is 4 series.183 series-JR East 253 series-JR Tokai Series 373 trainAlthough the three-car train due to2010To8000 seriesSince the number of trains attached to the train has been reduced to two, the two-car train limited express is back. To succeedJR Shikoku 8600 seriesIn, it is produced and operated in 2 or 3 car formation.

However, for diesel trains, it was designed based on the formation of the Kiha 82 series diesel train.Kiha 181 series diesel train-Kiha 183 series diesel trainThen, "loading a high-power engine" and (although it is only the latter), "the leading vehicle is non-penetrating because of the specifications in the cold district", for example, it is possible to operate two Kiha 181 series railcars. But,"ToiletThere was also the problem of "no seats" and "there are few seats".

Therefore, operation started in 1986 (Showa 61)Kiha 185 series diesel trainIs designed to be operable with two cars, and actuallyShikoku Passenger Railway(JR Shikoku)Kotoku LineEl Limited Express "UzushioThe operation was carried out at the start of operation. In addition, as of 2016 (Heisei 28), the train is often operated in a short train of 2-3 cars, and in the JR Shikoku owned company from the beginning, it is mainly a limited express train group in Tokushima prefecture, partly Is Kyushu passenger railway(JR Kyushu) purchasedHisadai Main Line-Hohi Main LineIt is operated by a group of limited express trains.

In addition,West Japan Railway Company(JR West Japan)Express railcar"Replacement" or "Regional transportationFrom the viewpoint of "accelerating the speed of", it was premised on the operation with a fixed train of 185 cars after Kiha 2 diesel trainJR West Kiha 187 series railcarWas newly made. In addition, I was using Kiha 181 series railcar until the end ``HamakazeIn ", it was a 4-car formation of green car connection,JR West Kiha 189 series railcarI replaced it with a three-car train consisting of only ordinary cars.

There are not many passenger carsSleeperSince it has been operated mainly around, dining car,电源-Luggage carIncluding the long formation of 10-15 cars,14 series passenger carThen connect it to the end of the formation instead of a dedicated power supply car that does not carry passengers while outputting high service powerExpress carDue to the more supply relationship, it will be composed of about 6 cars, and it will be operated with the combination of the formation units.

But,1980 eraSince then long termnight Train-Sleeper trainSince there wasn't necessarily a demand for about 10 cars due to the decline of the train, some trains were shortened. Just before the abolitioncometOpen typeB sleeperThere was also a train that was operated by a four-car train with only cars. Also,"Fuji"HayabusaIs the end of operation2005From (17)2009Until the abolition of (21)Moji StationIn the subsequent JR Kyushu jurisdiction, 6-car train, between Tokyo station-Moji station was operated by 2 cars that combined 12 trains.

The organization of what was operated in the late sleeper train was as follows.

About the length of the formation

2017May 3Currently, the longest trains are as follows.

Train train

Handling of Shinkansen trains

ShinkansenTrains operated by are also classified as limited express trains.

1975(Showa 50) Express delivery type "HikariThere was a distinction in the fare for each station stop type "Kodama". In addition, until March 1972 (Showa 47) "Hikari"Super Express, "Kodama" was classified as an express train.

1992(4) Appeared in MarchHopeThere is a difference in price between "Hikari" and "Kodama". However,2003(15)May 10To "Nozomi"Unreserved seatHowever, the price is the same for Hikari and Kodama.

Conventional lineA train that goes directly to is also defined as a special express train. For this reason,Hakata Minami LineOperating trains (no train name) and "Wing"KomachiIs also a special express train.

Express charge

HistoryAs you can see in the case of JR, if you use a limited express train,ticketIn addition to, a special express ticket (limited express ticket) is required. For details such as charges, see "Special express ticketSee section.

To limited express trainCommuter passAs a general rule, boarding is not permitted, but in recent years, as a special case, it has become possible to board if you add a free seat limited express ticket or a standing limited express ticket to the regular ticket on some trains/routes. .. Now, for free seats, all day trains can be used in combination with a commuter pass. However, there are many cases where reserved seats are not accepted.

Sections where no express fare is required

Because there are no ordinary trains, there are some areas where the limited express fare does not apply even if you take an express train (except for the Shinkansen section).


Different from other types of train carsLimited express vehicleHigh-speed performance and in-car equipment such as seats are superior to those for other types of trains.[6].. Dedicated to limited express trains as a general rule, if the train becomes a regular train in the terminal segment with few passengers, or in some cases it may be operated as a regular train for all sectors due to operational issues.

Train mark

National railwayA beautiful design was given as a feature of the limited express of the timesHead markThere is also a tail mark (both are called "train mark" in this section). It is posted prominently in the center before and after the train. It was already in operation before the warFuji""さ く らThe idea is to attach a metal one with a picture when naming the train nickname.

After the war1950It was revived in (Showa 25)Limited express "Heiwa"Since then, it has been installed as a symbol of the limited express train before and after the train. After that, it is a limited express train"Tsubame", "Hato", "Sakura"· "Seagull"Asakaze"Hakkari"・"Sachikaze" and "peace"-"Hayabusa" and "Mizuho"[Annotation 5]Even train marks with pictures were prepared.

However, "Business Express"echo"" The Moha 1958 series → 33 series trains that appeared in 20 (Showa 151)181 series) Has a motif of "T", which is called "express train mark"emblemAndJapan National Railway OfBritishAbbreviation"JNR" is the motiflogoHowever, the train mark itself is only the train name. Appeared after thisRailcarfirstLimited express vehicleIsKiha 81 series diesel trainAlso followed the limited express mark, JNR logo, bonnet style of the 151 series train, and only the train name was used as the train mark.

またBlue trainFor passenger cars20 series passenger carThen,Power car-Express carRegarding the tail mark of, the ground color was initially changed for each train,[Annotation 6]After that, it was designed to display only the train name in dark blue on a white background (the Roman alphabet is red). Successor14 series-24 seriesIn the beginning, passenger cars were written only with the train name.

Although the tail mark with the picture of the passenger car was abolished, the head mark attached to the locomotive remained and became a symbol of the limited express sleeper. On the other hand, removal is cumbersome, costly, ortheftFor reasons such as meeting1975(Showa 50) Tokyo-West Japan / Kyushu directionBlue trainAll but 7 trains have been abolished.

However, three years later,1978In October (Showa 53), it was decided to adopt train marks with illustrations for all express trains in consideration of topicality. Initially easy to replaceCurtain type nicknameEquipped withControl carSince it was adopted in the same train, the vehicle with a bonnet type control car that uses a transparent acrylic train mark on the same train used a nickname without an illustration. Subsequently, it spread to the blue train using the 14 series and 24 series, and was not equipped with the curtain nicknameKiha 82 series-Series 181 diesel carAlso1985(Showa 60) By January, train marks with pictures were adopted.

1987(62)May 4 OfJRRegarding the new vehicle after the launch,LEDThe number of train marks that use the train mark has been adopted, and the number that does not show the train mark itself has increased. Characterize the vehicle insteademblem,LogoThere is also an increase in cases where the is displayed directly on the vehicle body. Even when using a train mark with a pattern, JR WestKitakinki Big X Network,JR ShikokuSome simplified trains such as each limited express train also appeared.

Express train

Hanwa LineIs the predecessor ofHanwa Electric RailwayExpress trains on the same line since the timesSuper ExpressThere was a free express train running. The companyNankai RailwayVia the Yamanote line1944(Showa 19) In MarchnationalizationThey were all express by the time they were released, and they were also abolished during the war, but with the December 1946 revision.Semi-expressHowever, in the March 1949 revisionExpressIs revived, and it will be streamlined in the October 1950 revision52 seriesLimited express using[7].. Since these trains are systematically different types of trains from the other national railway limited express trains, and were the first limited express trains to be set on the national railway section, the Hanwa Line limited express trainsExpress trainAnd was distinguished from others[7].

However, in the latter half of the 1950s, excellent trains by trains began to run in other line wards, and it was planned to start the paid limited express ``Kodama'' by train in 1958, so the Hanwa Line semi-express train. Express trains and limited express trains1958(Showa 33) With the title revision in October, limited express trainsRapid train, Express and semi-express trainsDirect trainWas changed to[8].

Private train special express train

Private railwayThen.Nankai Railway (currently Nankai Electric Railway) 1926(Taisho 15) It is said to have driven the train of this name for the first time on December 12rd.[9].. For limited express trains that require a separate charge,Kinki Nippon Railway 1947(Showa 22)Nagoya - UehonmachiStarted operation between[Annotation 7] Is the first.

In order to use it, as with JR by the railway companyticketIn addition to theExpress chargeThere are three types, one that requires (or an additional charge similar to it), one that can be used only with a ticket, and one that combines both reserved seat cars and free seat cars without charge.

In addition, private railways often have an original train type, so multiple "express trains" (example:MeitetsuIn the case of, there are not a few cases where Musky, Rapid Express, Limited Express) are set. In recent years,At rush hour"Commuter linerThere are many cases in which trains with a "like" character are operated.

Paid limited express train

The personality as a type isTobu RailwayThe same as the JR limited express trains that collect special express charges,Nagoya Railway,Keikyu Corporation,Keihan Electric RailwayOriginally, it did not set a special express fare, but it is now said that a fee will be collected separately from the fare as a seat reservation fee.

Similar to JR, its high speed and in-vehicle equipment are superior to other types of vehicles.Special vehicle for limited expressIs being used and is being used for differentiation. Some private railwaysThird sector railwayIn, there is a limited express train from the JR line (some carry out mutual direct operation).

Some operators also operate trains that connect both reserved seat cars and non-reserved seat cars.#Reserved/non-reserved trainsSee.

Trains that run using their own vehicles

Hokkaido region
OperatorNicknameOperating route (with transit station)Remarks
×Jozankei Railway×Mui
×Jozankei Railway LineAbolished in October 1961.
"Mui-ne" and "Momiji" go down, "Shirakaba" and "Midori" go up train[10].
Tohoku/Kanto area
OperatorNicknameOperating routeRemarks
Brand name/common nameTrain nicknameThere is a transit stationStop at each station
Aizu RailwayLiberty AizuAizu Line(Some stops)Series 500 "Liberty"Operated by.
In the case of mutual use only on the Kinugawa Line/Aizu Kinugawa Line/Aizu Line, it is possible to board with only the ticket.
*Kinugawa Line is only available early in the eveningTobu World Square StationPassing.
Noiwa RailwayAizu Kinugawa Line(Some stops)
Tobu RailwayIsesaki Line-Sunlight
Kinugawa Line■
Kinugawa Line*
Liberty kinu
Liberty Kegon

Isesaki Line/Nikko
Kinugawa Line
×Utsunomiya Line(Be careful)
"Liberty Kegon" is 500 series "Liberty", "Kinu" "Kegon" is100 series "Spacia",
"Kirifuri" and "Shimotsuki" are350 seriesOperated by.
Between 1964-691720 seriesUse the D limited express train type for your train,
Between 1969-71, trains using 1720 series were operated by A limited express and trains using 1700 series were used.
B It was distinguished from the limited express by train type.
Isesaki Line
Kiryu Line(Ryomo)
Sano Line(Ryomo)
"Ryomo" is200 series / 250 series, "Liberty Ryomo" runs on the 500 series "Liberty".
Sky tree linerIsesaki LineLimited express liner
Urban park linerIsesaki Line/Noda Line
×Flying Tojo
×Tojo Main Line
Free of charge around 1956. 1962 Express downgrade. Abolished in 1967.
Seibu RailwayRed arrow
Stadium Express
Ikebukuro Line
Seibu Chichibu Line(Chichibu)
Seibu Sayama Line(dome)
KoedoShinjuku Line
Keisei Electric RailwaySkylinerSkylinerMain line
Narita Airport Line
The train type is also Skyliner, which is located above the limited express (free).
×City linerMain lineThe train type is also city liner, which is located above the limited express (free).
Scheduled service abolished on December 2015, 12.
Odakyu Electric RailwayOdakyu romance carHakone
Super kneading
Metro Hakone
Metro Sagami

Metro Enoshima

Home way
Metro homeway
Morning way
Metro Morning Way
Odawara Line
Enoshima Line(Enoshima)
×Tama Line
Train type is limited romance car
Trains with "Hakone" go directly to Hakone Tozan Railway
Trains with "Metro" go directly to Tokyo Metro
"Homeway" is set for all lines (Tama line is abolished in March 2016)
"Morningway" set other than Tama Line
Tokyo subwayChiyoda Line(Metro system)
Hakone Tozan RailwayRailway line(Hakone type)
Chubu region
OperatorNicknameOperating routeRemarks
Brand name/common nameTrain nicknameThere is a transit stationStop at each station
Fuji ExpressFujisan Limited Express
Mount Fuji View Limited Express
Otsuki LineKawaguchiko LineLimited express charge is not required when using only the Kawaguchiko Line section
Nagano Electric RailwayYukemuri
Snow monkey
Nagano LineTrain types are A limited express, B limited express and S limited express
Once there were C limited express, D limited express and E limited express.
Toyama regional railwayNodding
Main line
Alpine Express
Main line
Tateyama Line
Nagoya RailwayMeitetsu limited expressMuskyNagoya Main Line
Tokoname Line-Airport line
Inuyama Line-Hiromi Line-×Kakamigahara Line
Train type is Musky
Prior to the revision on December 2008, 12, limited express and rapid express for all special cars
Kagamihara Line was abolished on May 2021, 5
×(All cars special car limited express)
×(All cars reserved seat limited express)
×Nagoya Main Line×Toyokawa Line
×Nishio Line-×Gamagori Line
×Tokoname Line×Airport line
×Kawawa Line-×Chita New Line
×Tsushima Line
×Inuyama Line×Hiromi Line
×Kakamigahara Line
×Bisai Line
×Komaki Line
Train types are limited express and high speed limited express
All cars reserved seats/seat tickets until May 1999, 5
From May 1999, 5, all special cars and special vehicle tickets (Mu-ticket)
Completely abolished by the revision on December 2008, 12
×Panorama DX×Nagoya Main Line
×Tokoname Line
×Kawawa Line×Chita New Line
×Inuyama Line
Train type is deluxe limited express
Deluxe seat reserved ticket
Abolished on November 1992, 11
OperatorNicknameOperating routeRemarks
Brand name/common nameTrain nicknameThere is a transit stationStop at each station
Kinki Nippon RailwayKintetsu Limited ExpressNamba Line-Nara Line
Kyoto Line-Kashihara Line
Osaka Line-Nagoya Line
South Osaka Line-Yoshino Line
Yamada Line-Toba Line-Shima Line
×Yunoyama Line
There is a nickname for trains with distinctive features, but no nickname for trains.
The regular service of the Yunoyama Line was abolished in 2004.
ShimakazeNamba Line/Nara Line
Kyoto Line/Kashihara Line
Osaka Line/Nagoya Line
Yamada Line/Toba Line/Shima Line
Operates as a "tourist limited express" for passengers heading to Ise-Shima and Yoshino tourist destinations.
In addition to the limited express ticket, a dedicated vehicle ticket is required.
Blue symphonyMinami Osaka Line/Yoshino Line
Nankai Electric RailwayRapid α
Rapid β
Nankai Main LineAirport line
Nankai Main Line
Takano Line
Senboku LinerNankai Main Line
Takano Line
Senboku High Speed ​​Rail Line
Entrusted operation of all sections to Nankai.
Senboku High Speed ​​Rail
(Kyoto Tango Railway)
Tango relayMiyafuku Line
Miyatoyo Line
OperatorOperating route (with transit station)Remarks
×Ichibata Electric Railway×Kitamatsue LineAbolished on November 1973, 5[11].

Trains that operate directly with JNR/JR

Direct access from JR/JR to private railway lines
OperatorNicknameOperating routeRemarks
JR East→Fuji ExpressFuji tourFujikyu LineOperated by JR East vehicle
All trains areKaji”
Mutual use of the Fujikyu line is limited to empty seats
JR East→IzukyuDancer
Safir dancer
Izukyu LineOperated by JR East vehicle
JR East
JR Tokai
→Izu Hakone RailwayDancerSuzu LineJR East → JR Tokai → Izuhakone Railway direct operation
Operated by JR East vehicle
Rapid trains on the Susumu Line until March 2021, 3 and limited express trains thereafter
Mutual use of the Susumu Line is limited to unreserved seats until March 2021, 3 and vacant seats thereafter.
JR East→Echigo Tokimeki RailwayWhite snowMyoko Haneuma LineOperated by JR East vehicle
Mutual use of Myoko Haneuma Line is limited to unreserved seats
JR Tokai
JR West Japan
→Ise RailwayNankiIse LineJR Tokai → Ise Railway → JR Tokai → JR West Japan direct operation
Operated by JR Tokai vehicle
Only limited express charges are set. No green fee set
Mutual use on the Ise Line is limited to non-reserved seats
JR West Japan→IR Ishikawa RailwayThunderbird
Noto bonfire
Bride goodwill
IR Ishikawa Railway LineJR West (“Thunderbird” only) → IR Ishikawa Railway → JR West direct drive
Set limited express charges only
No green fee set
"Bride noren" runs on specific days
×JR Shikoku→×Asa Kaigan RailwayUzushio
Mt. Tsurugisan
Asato LineRegular trains on the Asato Line.
1999 Changed to Muroto due to the division of the whirlpool system. 2001 Muroto abolished entry. 2008 Mt. Tsurugisan is abolished. Resumed in 2009. 2011 Mt. Tsurugisan abolished.
Direct access from private railways to JNR/JR lines
OperatorNicknameOperating routeRemarks
JR Tokai←Odakyu Electric RailwayMt.FujiOdawara LineDirectly connected to the JR Gotemba Line.
×National railway
×JR Tokai
×JR West Japan
←×Nagoya Railway×Japan Northern AlpsNagoya Main Line/Inuyama LineDirect operation from Meitetsu → JNR → Jitetsu. All sections use Meitetsu cars
After the privatization of the national railway division, Meitetsu → JR Tokai → JR West Japan direct operation
The direct railway was abolished on July 1984, 7. JR West Japan Direct Line was abolished on March 1, 1990. JR Tokai Direct Line was abolished on October 3, 10.
→×Toyama regional railwayMain Line/Tateyama Line
Mutual direct communication
OperatorNicknameOperating routeRemarks
JR East⇔Tobu RailwaySpacia Nikko
Spacia Kinugawa
Kinugawa Line
(Kyoto Tango Railway)
BarefootMiyafuku Line
Miyatoyo Line
JR-owned cars are trains, Kyoto Tango railway cars are diesel trains, and the types of cars that come in are different.
JR West Japan⇔Chizu ExpressSupermarket
Super Inaba
Chizu LineJR West → Chizu Express → Direct drive from JR West
Commissioned management of Chizu Express vehicles to JR West
×JR West Japan
JR Shikoku
⇔Tosa Kuroshio Railway×South wind
Nakamura Line
Sukumo Line
Tosa Kuroshio Outsources the management of railway-owned vehicles to JR Shikoku. Others use JR Shikoku vehicles
"South wind" direct access (JR West → JR Shikoku → Tosa Kuroshio Railway direct operation) abolished on March 2020, 3
×JR East
×JR West Japan
⇔×Hokuetsu Express×Hakuta×Hokuhoku LineDirect operation between JR East ⇔ Hokuetsu Express ⇔ JR West.
Outsourced management of vehicles owned by Hokuetsu Express to JR West.
JR East vehicles withdrew in 2005 and abolished on March 2015, 3.

Reserved/non-reserved trains

Keihin Electric Railway (designated train during the daytime on Saturdays and holidays), Nagoya Railroad (excluding "Musky"), Nankai Electric Railway ("Southern" only) and Keihan Electric Railway ("Southern" only)8000 series,3000 seriesIn), a train that connects both reserved-seat cars and non-reserved-seat cars is in operation.In this case, a general vehicle is used for unreserved seats, and only a regular ticket can be used for boarding.

OperatorNicknameOperating routeRemarks
Brand name/common nameTrain nicknameThere is a transit stationStop at each station
Keikyu CorporationWing seat×La Mer
×Rapid Limited Express Minamiboso
Keikyu Main LineKurihama LineThe train type is "Rapid Limited Express".Seats are reserved only for car 2 of the designated train.The boarding station is designated, and it is sold only from some stops.The Kurihama Line stops at each station, but some stations do not treat up trains as customers only for reserved seats.
Nagoya RailwayMeitetsu limited expressNagoya Main Line/Nishio Line
Tokoname Line, Airport Line, Kawawa Line
Tsushima Line
Inuyama Line/Hiromi Line
Toyokawa Line
Chita New Line
Bisai Line
Train types are "Limited Express" and "Rapid Limited Express".Mu-ticketSpecial vehicles that require is called "special vehicles", and other vehicles are called "general vehicles".
Special cars are reclining seats, general cars are usually convertible cross-seat cars or convertible semi-cross-seat cars, and long-seat cars.
Nankai Electric RailwaySouthernNankai Main LineWakayama Port LineThe reserved seat car is a reclining seat car, but the free seat car is a commuting type long seat.
skyTakano LineOnly the observation car has a designated seat.
Keihan Electric RailwayKeihan limited expressRakuraku (Rapid Express)Keihin Main Line
Duck east line
The train types are "Limited Express", "Rapid Limited Express", and "Rapid Express". The "Rakuraku" premium car is a reclining seat, and the non-reserved seat car is a convertible semi-cross seat car.

"Express" with no charges

There are also companies that operate "express trains" as what are called the fastest trains, with fewer stops than other train types. Therefore, like other types of trainsCommuter type vehicleIs generally used. Therefore, this type of "express train" isSpecial rapid"Or"Limited express(Similar to the limited express trains on the JNR Hanwa Line, so-calledlocal trainCan be thought of as a type synonymous withExpress train # No express charge "express")), but for some private railways, the type corresponding to rapid train is "express" and "Express (Rapid Express)There are also companies that have set higher-level categories such as. However, when there is a railroad line of a competing other business, even if the train does not require a fare, a dedicated vehicle with excellent in-vehicle facilities and performance may be appropriated.

An example of this isTokaido Line,Yokosuka-Sobu Rapid LineCompete withKeikyu CorporationとKeisei Electric Railway,center lanefastCompete withKeio Electric RailwayIn the Nakagyo districtTokaido Main LineCompete withNagoya Railway,JR Kyoto Line-JR Kobe LineCompete withHankyu Corporation-Keihan Electric Railway-Hanshin Electric Railway-Sanyo Electric Railway,Kagoshima Main LineCompete withWest Japan RailwaySeen in.

  • Excluding temporary trains.
  • "Derivation type" in the table is limited to the derivation of limited express. For other derivative types such as express and semi-express, refer to each section.
  • "×"The ones shown are those that were once (regularly) operated by operators, routes, and derivative types.
Kanto region
OperatorOperating routeDerivation typeRemarks
There is a transit stationStop at each station
Tobu Railway×Isesaki Line
Operation stopped in June 1948. From June to August of the same year, a dedicated military vehicle.
After August 1948, there is a charge and seat selection[12].
Tojo Main Line×Limited express
Kawagoe Limited Express
The conventional limited express was abolished in June 2008[13].
2019May 3New Kawagoe Limited Express[14].
Shibayama RailwayShibayama Railway LineRapid express
Commuter limited express
Airport Express trains go directly from the Toei Asakusa Line
Change the type within 3 company lines.
Hokuso RailwayHokuso Line
Keisei Electric RailwayMain line
Push-up line
Narita Airport Line
Higashi Narita LineRapid express
×Airport limited express
Access limited express
Commuter limited express
Tokyo Metropolitan Bureau of Transportation
(Toei Subway)
Asakusa LineAirport special features
Express (Rapid Express)
×Airport limited express
Access limited express
Commuter limited express
The type of train that you board is used as it is, but each stop on the line except for Airport Express.
Keikyu CorporationMain lineKurihama Line
Airport line
Zushi line
Airport special features
Express (Rapid Express)
×Airport limited express
×Hiking limited express
×Weekend limited express
×Sea bathing limited express
Access limited express
Commuter limited express
Express Limited Express, Access Limited Express, Commuter Limited Express
It is the type of train on the direct Keisei line, and only the information on the guide is displayed on the Keikyu line.
Keio Electric RailwayKeio Line
Takao Line
Sagamihara Line
Semi limited expressFor guidance, simplyShinjukuIncluding trains that say "go"Keio New LineDoes not go through.
Tokyu CorporationToyoko LineCommuter limited expressTokyo Metro Fukutoshin LineandTobu Tojo Line-Seibu Yurakucho Line-Ikebukuro LineGet in.
Most trainsF linerAlthough it is called, the train type at the direct destination is not an express train.
Yokohama High Speed ​​RailMinatomirai Line
Sagami RailwayMain line
×Izumino Line
Sotetsu Shin-Yokohama Line(Sotetsu/JR direct line)Commuter limited expressDirect trains on the JR line run to JR Shinjuku Station (stop at each station),
North of Shinjuku StationSaikyo Line-Kawagoe LineInside each station stop / rapid / commute rapid
Chubu region
OperatorOperating routeDerivation typeRemarks
There is a transit stationStop at each station
×Keifuku Electric Railway
Fukui Headquarters
×Echizen Main Line2000Abolished[15]
Nagoya RailwayNagoya Main Line
×Toyokawa Line
×Nishio Line
×Gamagori Line
×Mikawa Line
×Koromo Line
Tokoname Line
Airport line
Kawawa Line
×Tsushima Line
×Bisai Line
×Inuyama Line
×Hiromi Line
×Yaotsu Line
×Kakamigahara Line
×Komaki Line
Chita New Line×Super ExpressAll cars General car limited express (formerly, all cars general seat car limited express, general limited express)
Toyokawa line general limited express1969May 7Abolition (temporary new year transportation is1999Continue)[16]
The general express of Koriso Line1973May 3Abolition (discontinued line)[17]
Mikawa Line general limited express The1974May 9Abolished[17]
The general express of the Yaotsu line is the following yearMay 9Abolished after revision[18]
Tsushima Line/Ozai Line General ExpressIs abolished on September 1975, 9[19]
Komaki Line (Inuyama - Meiji MuraguchiIt is unknown when the charge for the general express train will be[20]
The general limited express on the Nishio and Gamagori lines1977May 3Abolished[16]
The Inuyama Line, Kakamigahara Line, and Hiromi Line general express trains were abolished on March 1977, 3.
("high speed"change to)[21]
×Seto LineAbolished on November 1977, 3[22]
×Chita Railway×Chita Railway Line
×Tokoname Line
Operates until the merger with Nagoya Railway and continues to operate after the merger (discontinued during the war)[23]
×Aichi Electric Railway
×Toyohashi Line×Super ExpressOperates until the merger with Nagoya Railway and continues to operate after the merger (discontinued during the war)[23]
OperatorOperating routeDerivation typeRemarks
There is a transit stationStop at each station
×Ise Electric Railway×Main lineOperates until Sangukyu Electric Railway merger and continues operation after merger[24]
193812Integrated into the express
×Kansai Express Electric Railway×Kansai Express Electric Railway Line
×Osaka Electric Orbit×Nara Line
×Sakurai Line
Consolidated to express in December 1938
×Sangukyu Electric Railway×Emergency train main line
×Tsu Line
×Nagoya Ise Main Line
×Osaka Railway×Main lineOperated around 1940 (Kintetsu Limited Express History)
×Kinki Nippon Railway×Osaka Line
×Nara Line
×Namba LineAbolished on November 1972, 11
From the next day revisionRapid expressTo[24]
×Nara Line
×Kashihara Line
×Kyoto Line(Former Naraden)
Operates until the Kinki Nippon Railway merger, and continues to operate after the merger
Abolished on November 1964, 8[24]
Nara Electric Railway # Limited Express TrainSee also
×Nara Electric Railway
×Nankai Electric Railway×Nankai Main Line×Wakayama Port LineAbolished on November 2012, 3
×Nankai Main Line
×Takano Line
Abolished on November 1952, 7
Charged from 19th[25]
×Hanwa Electric Railway
(×Nankai Railway)
×Main line
(×Yamanote line)
×Super ExpressAbolished in Nankai Railway era
Keihan Electric RailwayKeihin Main Line
Duck east line
×K limited express
Rapid express
MoreKeihan limited expressSee
×Kyozu LineSet in 1934 (Abolition date unknown)[26]
×Shin-Keihan Line×Super ExpressoldShin-Keihan Railway.. Abolished once in the Keihan Shinkyu Railway era[27]
Hankyu CorporationKyoto Main LineRapid Limited Express A
Rapid express
Commuter limited express
Kobe Main LineKobe high speed lineCommuter limited express
S limited express
S limited express only on the first train within Sanyo Electric Railway
Takarazuka Main LineCommuter limited expressMoreNissei expressSee
Nose Electric RailwayMyoken LineNissei Line
×Kobe Electric Railway×Arima Line
×Mita Line
×Kobe high speed lineAbolished on November 1998, 3[28]
CurrentlyExpress speedIs the highest classification.
Hanshin Electric RailwayMain line
×Nishi-Osaka Line
Kobe high speed lineDirect limited express
×Nishi-Osaka Line Limited Express
Limited express
×Night limited express
S limited express
Sanyo Electric RailwayMain lineDirect limited express
×Commuter limited express
S limited express
Nishidai Station-The system between Sumaura Koen Station stops at each station.
Higashi-Futami Station-Sanyo Himeji station system to do transit operation.
Chugoku/Kyushu region
OperatorOperating routeDerivation typeRemarks
There is a transit stationStop at each station
Ichibata trainKitamatsue Line
Taisha Line
×Commuter limited expressConvertible cross-seat vehicles are nicknamed "Superliner".
The Taisha Line operates only on Saturdays, Sundays, and holidays.
West Japan RailwayTenjin Omuta LineMoreNishitetsu limited expressSee

Variations of express trains on private railways

Type nameOperatorsequenceOperating routeRemarks
There is a transit stationStop at each station
Commuter limited expressKeisei Electric RailwayNextMain line
Push-up line
Higashi Narita Line3rd generation (2nd generation is higher than limited express)
Direct contact (Toei Subway,Keikyu Corporation) But only the guide is displayed
Shibayama RailwayShibayama Railway Line
×Keihin Electric RailwayUnknownMain lineOperated around 1925[29]
Tokyu CorporationNextToyoko LineTokyo subwayYou can get on the north, but the train type is not limited to direct trains.
Yokohama High Speed ​​RailMinatomirai Line
Sagami RailwayMain line,Izumino Line
Hankyu CorporationChidoriKyoto Main Line3rd generation (2nd generation is higher than limited express)
Stops at Saiin Station and Omiya Station, but passes Awaji Station
NextTakarazuka Main Line
Kobe Main LineKobe high speed line
Next×Main line×(Hankyu) Kobe Main Line
×Kobe high speed line
×(Hanshin)Main line
Sanyo Electric Railway Hanshin/Hankyu service
Changed to the S limited express due to revision in April 1991[30]
×Sanyo Electric Railway
×Hanshin Electric Railway
×Ichibata Electric RailwayNext×Kitamatsue Line×Taisha Line[31][11]
Limited expressHanshin Electric RailwayChidoriMain lineBetween Uozaki Station and Kouen Station, the train stops at Imazu Station and Noda Station, but passes through Nishinomiya Station.
×K limited expressKeihan Electric RailwaySuperior×Keihin Main Line
×Duck east line
Abolished on November 2008, 10[26]
Changed to express limited express and limited express with revision on 19th
None×Keihin Main Line×Katano LineAbolished on October 2008, 10, changed to "Orihime" on 18th[26]
S limited expressSanyo Electric RailwayChidoriMain lineSanyo Electric Railway Hanshin/Hankyu service
Operate express delivery between Nishishiro Station and Sumaura Koen Station on the Sanyo Electric Railway.
Although it is higher than the limited express, between Higashi-Futami Station and Sanyo Himeji Station
It becomes lower because it stops at each station.
Hanshin Electric RailwaySuperiorKobe high speed line
Hankyu CorporationPeerKobe high speed line
Access limited expressKeisei Electric RailwaySuperiorMain line
Push-up line
Information is displayed only on direct lines (Toei Subway and Keikyu Corporation)
Kawagoe Limited ExpressTobu RailwayNoneTojo Main LineNewly established on March 2019, 3[14]
Long cross seat convertible seatLimited to vehicles only.
×Hiking limited expressKeikyu CorporationSuperior×Main line
×Zushi line
×Kurihama Line
Abolished in fall 1965
×Weekend limited expressSuperiorAbolished in June 1968
×Sea bathing limited expressSuperior1973 abolished
×Nishi-Osaka Line Limited ExpressHanshin Electric RailwayChidori×Main line
×Nishi-Osaka Line
Stops at Amagasaki Station, but passes through Mikage Station and Ashiya Station
Abolished in June 1974
×Night limited expressNext×Main lineSet around 1959 (Abolition date unknown)

In addition, among the types that do not bear the "express train", similar types include express, high speed, and direct. See each article for details.

Limited express tram

Nagoya City Electricity Bureau(Nagoya tram), during the war, as with other streetcars, express driving through some stops for the purpose of power saving1940I was doing more,1943から1945In between was a limited express train with more transit stops.

Limited express crew

Dedicated to limited express trains, depending on the railway operatorCrewIn some cases, the route is dedicated to the limited express crew. EspeciallyDriverIn that case, the duties may be assigned to those who have been selected based on their driving skills or those who have undergone special training or on-the-job training.

  • JR Each company (Conventional line)-There are almost no restrictions (may be on board new drivers).
  • JR companies (ShinkansenA)-Experienced a conventional line driver for several years, who passed the selection test and received training and hands-on training, who passed the conversion test of the driving license. However, there are exceptions.
  • Kinki Nippon RailwayIn case of-a person who has more than 5 years of experience as a driver and conductor, who has undergone training and on-the-job training.
  • Keihan Electric RailwayIf-those who have been on a regular train for more than half a year. (8000 series 0 series-30sUse only Yodoyabashi-Demachiyanagi all-distance trains)
  • Nankai Electric RailwayIn the case of-Nankai Main Line was selected. Hope survey on the Takano Line.
  • West Japan RailwayIf-train a train for more than a year, who received training.

"Express" other than railroad

Even on buses, the system that limits the stops that stop is sometimes called "Limited Express" (Example:Limited Express Sendai/Yamagata Line,San'in Express Bus). However, among themhighwayThe thing that mainly travels is often called a "highway bus". "Express Bus""Express busSee also section.

IncidentallyHankyu busSo of the highway busDirection displayIs usually displayed as "High-speed Kochi" or "High-speed Nagano" (only the destination is displayed on the LED curtain), but for Super Nonstop flights, it is marked as "Limited Express Fukuoka" "Limited Express Arima Onsen" and "Limited Express" Positioned as a higher class than “high speed”.

Regarding the ferry1971から2005Up to "Limited Express"Osaka Kochi Express FerryWas present.

Example outside Japan

The classification of train types varies depending on the country and the railway operator, but among them, those with characteristics close to those of Japan's limited express, such as faster than other trains, using special cars, requiring special charges, are described in Japanese. Is sometimes referred to as "express train". However, when it is necessary to ensure accuracy, the original language notation, its literal translation, and kana transcription are used. Also TGV , ICE Such asHigh speed trainThe train isSuper Express"Or"ShinkansenIt may be translated as ".

South KoreaThen,1984UntilKorean National RailwaysAtTukpu (Express)There was a type. After that year, there was no type of "express train" in Korea for a long time,2017ThanMetropolitan Electric Railway Line 1(Gyeongbu Line-Gyeongin Line) Was newly established as a special express train. The currentKorea Railway Corporation(KORAIL) long-distance seat-designated trainKTX,ITX-SemaulIn trains such as "Tourist", the expression "Limited Express" may be used for convenience[32], The nickname also serves as the train type, so the name "Limited Express" is not officially used.

米 国Only treats high-class passengers who pay a special fee to board "LIMITEDA luxury train called "(Limited)" has been in operation since the 1910s, but there is no train type that corresponds to "limited express".A representative of the past is the non-stop connection between New York and Chicago.20th century limited express"(20th Century Limited) And the "National Limited Express" connecting New York, Washington DC, Cincinnati and St. Louis (National Limited)was there. In the modern age of the 21st centuryAmtrakThe nickname of the train operated byLakeshore limited,Capitol LimitedThere are some that call themselves Limited, but the type is not different from other passenger trains.

EuropeIn the past, trains equivalent to Japanese limited express trains have been popular for a long time. In Italy, a limited express train has been operated since 1936. In 1957, it was a business-like one-day trip back and forth across Europe. TEE train networkHave been maintained and these trainsSpecial express ticketNeeded. After thatIntercity "InterCity (IC)"It has been changed to a train. This is a high-quality train on a conventional line whose main purpose is to connect between cities, and in the 21st century in Europe, so-called Shinkansen type limited express trains such as the TGV and ICE were the main trains. "Rheingold","Mistral","Golden arrow","SetebelloA well-known limited express train such as "has been operated, not only at high speed, but also as the most luxurious train in that section. Most of these limited express trainsFirst class(One in the third grade era,Second class) Only knitting, parlor car andDining carOr bar, buttic orLoungeWas equipped with. These trains were more expensive than other trains and required special express tickets.

Express word

The usual English translation follows the old American example:Limited expressIs applied, but in the United States it is almostDead languageIt has become. However,Sunset Limited likeAmtrakThe remnants can be seen in a part of the train nickname that was taken over by.

Depending on the company, this is abbreviated as “Limited Exp.”, “Ltd. Express”, “LTD. EXP.”, etc.Keio Electric RailwayThen.Special express Has become[33].

When "Limited" is added, it is misunderstood that it is slower than an express train because it is "restricted", and foreigners understand that the translation is different for each railroad company and that a limited express ticket is required or not required. In a difficult state[34].


[How to use footnotes]

注 釈

  1. ^ With the exception20153Even at the time of revision of the timetable, the time required for paid limited express is equivalent to the commuter rapid train (JR Keiyo Line limited express / Tokyo 18:00 departure → Soga 18:33 arrival time 33 minutes, commute rapid train / Tokyo 18:16 departure → Soga 18:49 arrival 33 minutes). It is also unusual to go through the high-speed commuter train at "Kaihin Makuhari Station," which is a limited express train station.[1].
  2. ^ At private railways, express trains are sometimes treated as high-quality trains regardless of whether or not tolls are collected, but it is different for operators whether to include no-charge trains in the category of high-quality trains.Keio Electric RailwayThere are some operators that do not use the expression of excellent train even for express trains such asHonor train #private railwaySee also).
  3. ^ In addition, according to the article of Kiha 1991 series / Kiha 12 series in the December 80 issue of railroad fans, the timetable at that time was "Ro" for the first class car, "Ha" for the second class car, dining car Was written as "shi", so the formation is "ha ha ha shi lo ha" and "ha, ha, haha ​​teeth"punIt is said that he was able to memorize the organization contents with the expression that he said.
  4. ^ In addition, "Yamabiko"WingOf Tokyo Station- Fukushima StationEven in the 17-car train between, the number of cars will be the same, butE2 series-E3 seriesとE5 series/H5 series trains-E6 series"Hayabusa" and "Komachi" depending on the difference in the leading car of.
  5. ^ “Mizuho” has been included since it was operated by conventional vehicles after “Kodama” appeared, but initially operated.
  6. ^ For example, "Asakaze" is light blue, "Sakura" is pink, "Hayabusa" is yellow, and "Mizuho" is light blue and the letters are yellow.
  7. ^ However, at that timeNagoya LineとOsaka LineBecause the gauge was different,Ise Nakagawa StationI had to change trains at. It was in December 1959 that direct operation between Meisaka and Kintetsu became possible (Kintetsu Limited Express HistorySee also).


  1. ^ JTB Publishing See the JTB Timetable March 2015 issue Keiyo Line page.
  2. ^ "Railway Travel Information. Taisho 5th Edition"(National Diet Library Digital Collection)
  3. ^ "Annual Report of the Ministry of Railways. Taisho 12"(National Diet Library Digital Collection)
  4. ^ a b c "Annual Report of Ministry of Railways. Showa 4"(National Diet Library Digital Collection)
  5. ^ "Annual Report of Ministry of Railways. Showa 5"(National Diet Library Digital Collection)
  6. ^ PHP Research Institute Atsushi Umehara "Trivia 3 Minute Visual Illustrated Series All about Express Trains" p.78
  7. ^ a b Mitsuteru Teramoto, "History of Train Operation on the Hanwa Line," "Railway Pictorial," Vol. 728, Railway Book Publishing Association, February 2003, p. 2.
  8. ^ Mitsuteru Teramoto, "History of Train Operation on the Hanwa Line," "Railway Pictorial," Vol. 728, Railway Book Publishing Association, February 2003, p. 2.
  9. ^ PHP Research Institute Atsushi Umehara "Trivia 3 Minute Visual Illustrated Series All about Limited Express Trains" July 2010 p.7-p.30
  10. ^ Keisuke Imao, Takeshi Hara (supervised) "Japan Railway Travel History Map Book No.1 Hokkaido-All Lines All Stations Honorable Train", Shinchosha, 2010, pp. 54-55.ISBN 978-4107900357 .
  11. ^ a b Keisuke Imao, Takeshi Hara (supervised) "Japan Railway Travel History Map Book No. 11 Chugoku-Shikoku-All Lines and All Honors Train", Shinchosha, 2011, p. 56.ISBN 978-4107900456 .
  12. ^ Keisuke Imao, Takeshi Hara (supervised) "Japan Railway Travel History Map Book No. 5 Private Railways in the Tokyo Metropolitan Area-All Stations and All Honorable Trains", Shinchosha, 2010, p. 47.ISBN 978-4107900395 .
  13. ^ Keisuke Imao, Takeshi Hara (supervised) "Japan Railway Travel History Map Book No. 5 Private Railways in the Tokyo Metropolitan Area-All Stations and All Honorable Trains", Shinchosha, 2010, p. 48.ISBN 978-4107900395 .
  14. ^ a b Saturday, March XNUMX, XNUMX Tobu Tojo Line timetable revision New type "Kawagoe Limited Express" will be born on Tojo Line (PDF) -Tobu Railway, June 2019, 1
  15. ^ Keisuke Imao, Takeshi Hara (supervised) "Japan Railway Travel History Map Book No. 6, Kita-Shinetsu-All Lines, All Honorable Trains", Shinchosha, 2010, page 56.ISBN 978-4107900401 .
  16. ^ a b Keisuke Imao, Takeshi Hara (supervised) "Japan Railway Travel History Map Book No. 7 Tokai-All Stations All Honors Train" Shinchosha, 2010, p. 50.ISBN 978-4107900418 .
  17. ^ a b Keisuke Imao, Takeshi Hara (supervised) "Japan Railway Travel History Map Book No. 7 Tokai-All Stations All Honors Train" Shinchosha, 2010, p. 51.ISBN 978-4107900418 .
  18. ^ Koichi Tokuda, “Walking along the abandoned Meitetsu line”, JTB, 2001, p. 36.ISBN 978-4533039232 .
  19. ^ Keisuke Imao, Takeshi Hara (supervised) "Japan Railway Travel History Map Book No. 7 Tokai-All Stations All Honors Train" Shinchosha, 2010, p. 54.ISBN 978-4107900418 .
  20. ^ Tokuda Koichi "Meitetsu Showa Super Romance Car" JTB Publishing, 2015, page 75.ISBN 978-4533106392 .
  21. ^ Keisuke Imao, Takeshi Hara (supervised) "Japan Railway Travel History Map Book No. 7 Tokai-All Stations All Honors Train" Shinchosha, 2010, p. 53.ISBN 978-4107900418 .
  22. ^ Keisuke Imao, Takeshi Hara (supervised) "Japan Railway Travel History Map Book No. 7 Tokai-All Stations All Honors Train" Shinchosha, 2010, p. 55.ISBN 978-4107900418 .
  23. ^ a b Keisuke Imao, Takeshi Hara (supervised) "Japan Railway Travel History Map Book No. 7 Tokai-All Stations All Honors Train" Shinchosha, 2010, p. 48.ISBN 978-4107900418 .
  24. ^ a b c Keisuke Imao, Takeshi Hara (supervised) "Japan Railway Travel History Map Book No. 10, Kansai Private Railways-All Stations, All Honorable Trains", Shinchosha, 2011, p. 33.ISBN 978-4107900449 .
  25. ^ Keisuke Imao, Takeshi Hara (supervised) "Japan Railway Travel History Map Book No. 10, Kansai Private Railways-All Stations, All Honorable Trains", Shinchosha, 2011, p. 43.ISBN 978-4107900449 .
  26. ^ a b c Keisuke Imao, Takeshi Hara (supervised) "Japan Railway Travel History Map Book No. 10, Kansai Private Railways-All Stations, All Honorable Trains", Shinchosha, 2011, p. 48.ISBN 978-4107900449 .
  27. ^ Keisuke Imao, Takeshi Hara (supervised) "Japan Railway Travel History Map Book No. 10, Kansai Private Railways-All Stations, All Honorable Trains", Shinchosha, 2011, p. 51.ISBN 978-4107900449 .
  28. ^ Keisuke Imao, Takeshi Hara (supervised) "Japan Railway Travel History Map Book No. 10, Kansai Private Railways-All Stations, All Honorable Trains", Shinchosha, 2011, p. 57.ISBN 978-4107900449 .
  29. ^ Weekly "All Railways in History, Major Private Railway No.10, Keihin Electric Express Railway"
  30. ^ Keisuke Imao, Takeshi Hara (supervised) "Japan Railway Travel History Map Book No. 10, Kansai Private Railways-All Stations, All Honorable Trains", Shinchosha, 2011, p. 55.ISBN 978-4107900449 .
  31. ^ "Railway Journal" Railroad Journal, Inc. August 1971 issue (Vol. 8), pp. 52, 57-61
  32. ^ As an example,How to get from Seoul to rural areas -Connest
  33. ^ "Route map | Keio Group". Keio Electric Railway. 2017/1/15Browse.
  34. ^ Foreigners talk about Tokyo's "railroad notation" too difficult problem | Anxious English Anxious Japanese | Toyo Keizai Online | New standard for economic news


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