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🚗 | AUTOBACS SEVEN and Japan Car Sharing Association agree on disaster relief


Photo Vehicles transported to the disaster area in the heavy rain disaster in northern Kyushu in 29

AUTOBACS SEVEN and Japan Car Sharing Association agree on disaster relief

 
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The Japan Car Sharing Association and Autovacs Seven started support cooperation in response to the 2016 Kumamoto earthquake, and subsequent disasters (heavy rain in northern Kyushu, heavy rain in western Japan, typhoon No. 19, heavy rain in Saga, heavy rain in July 2nd year of Reiwa). ) Has also cooperated to support the restoration of the disaster area.
 

AUTOBACS SEVEN and the Japan Car Sharing Association signed a disaster relief agreement on July 7st.Against natural disasters ... → Continue reading

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July 2nd year of heavy rain

July 2nd year of heavy rain(Reiwa ni Nenshi Gatsugo) is2020(Reiwa2 years) From July 7rd to July 3st,KumamotoAroundKyusyu,Chubu regionOccurred all over JapanTorrential rainIs. On July 7, the same year, the heavy rain that was continuing at that timeJapanese Meteorological AgencyAnd announced that the period of heavy rainfall will be until August 8st on August 4th[1][2].

Since it caused damage mainly in Kumamoto prefecture, it is also known as "" by the Japan Meteorological Agency and the media.Heavy rain in Kumamoto[3][4][5]It is also written as.

Weather conditions

July 2020 is a long termRainy season frontIs stagnation near Honshu, and a large amount of water vapor flowing in from the west and the south continued to collect easily from western Japan to eastern Japan, mainly in Kyushu. Lack of sunshine[6][7]. Especially on 3rd to 8th, many KyushuLinear precipitation zoneThere has occurred[7].

Locally intense rains fell in the Satsuma and Osumi regions of Kagoshima prefecture from the evening of the 3rd to the morning of the 4th, and in the southern part of Kumamoto from the dawn to the morning of the 4th.Special alarmTo Kumamoto and Kagoshima prefectures[8][9]. At this time, a large-scale linear precipitation zone with a width of about 70 km and a length of about 280 km had occurred near the Amakusa/Ashikita district and the Kuma district in Kumamoto Prefecture.[7]..This linear precipitation zone is the largest and longest-lasting linear precipitation zone that has occurred in Kyushu since 2009.[10]. Also,Rainy season frontIn addition to the extremely large amount of water vapor inflow due to the small cyclone that occurred above, the atmospheric condition became extremely unstable due to the effect of cold air inflow to the sky, which is the tallest compared to recent heavy rains. highCumulonimbusWas forming this linear precipitation zone[10][11].

From the evening of the 5th to the morning of the 6th, it was raining locally in the Satsuma and Osumi regions of Kagoshima prefecture.KanoyaIt became a record heavy rain[12].

From 6th to 8th, it was raining locally in Nagasaki prefecture, Saga prefecture, Fukuoka prefecture Chikugo region, Oita prefecture and northern Kumamoto prefecture, and the Meteorological Agency started from 6:16 on 30th to 7:11 on 40th. Announced heavy rain special warning in Nagasaki prefecture, Saga prefecture, Fukuoka prefecture[13]..In northern Kyushu, multiple linear precipitation zones were formed from around noon on the 6th.[7]. Very heavy rains fell on Gifu and Nagano prefectures on the 8th, and a heavy rain special warning was announced to Gifu prefecture at 8:6 on the 30th and Nagano prefecture at 6:43 on the same day.[14].

Heavy rains centered on the Chugoku region between the 13th and the 14th[15].

The rainy season front stagnated in the Tohoku region from the 26th to the 29th, with heavy rain in Akita and Yamagata prefectures centering on the 28th.[16][17].

Rainfall record

気象庁によると、7月上旬(1-10日)に全国のアメダスで観測した降水量の総和は20万8,308.0mm(1地点あたり216.1mm)で、1982年以降の旬ごとで最大だった2018年7月上旬(Heisei 30 year 7 month heavy rain(Western Japan heavy rain)) of 20 mm (7,526.5 mm per point)[18]. In addition, the number of times of precipitation of 7 mm or more per hour in the beginning of July was 1 times, which was the highest since 50 in the middle of October 82 (First Year of Reiwa East Typhoon) Over 69 times[18].

また気象庁によると、3日から14日(12日間)の全国の総降水量は25万3,041.5mmで、23万3,453.5mmだった平成30年7月豪雨(11日間)を超えた[19].

Tohoku region

24 hours rainfall
YamagataNagai CityNagai: 206.5mm (until 28:20 on 10th. Maximum since the start of statistics)[15]

Chubu region

24 hours rainfall
GifuGero CityHagiwara: 414.0mm (until 8:8 on the 00th. Maximum since the start of statistics in 1976)[14]
72 hours rainfall
Hagiwara, Gero City, Gifu Prefecture: 639.5 mm (until 8:23 on 10th. Maximum since the start of statistics)[15]
Monthly precipitation
Kofu, Yamanashi: 470.0mm (maximum since the start of statistics)[1]

Kyushu region

1 hours rainfall
KagoshimaKanoyaKanoya: 109.5mm (until 6:6 on the 24th, the largest since the start of statistics in 1977)[12]
KagoshimaHioki CityHigashiichirai: 98.5mm (until 3:21 on the 35rd. Maximum since the start of statistics)[15]
KumamotoAmakusaUshibuka: 98.0mm (until 4:3 on the 45th. Maximum since the start of statistics)[15]
24 hours rainfall
Kanoya, Kanoya City, Kagoshima Prefecture: 496.0mm (until 6:14 on the 50th. Maximum since the start of statistics in 1977)[12]
KumamotoKuma-gunYuzen TownYunomae Yokotani: 489.5mm (until 4:11 on the 00th. Maximum since the start of statistics)[8]
KumamotoMinamataMinamata: 474.5mm (until 4:9 on the 10th. Maximum since the start of statistics)[8]
FukuokaOmuta CityOmuta: 446.5mm (until 7:6 on the 40th. Maximum since the start of statistics in 1976)[13]
72 hours rainfall
Kanoya, Kanoya City, Kagoshima Prefecture: 754.0mm (until 6:12 on the 30th. Maximum since the start of statistics in 1977)[12]
KumamotoYamaga CityKakita: 690.5mm (until 8:7 on the 00th. Maximum since the start of statistics in 1976)[13]
FukuokaOmuta CityOmuta: 688.5mm (until 8:9 on the 00th. Maximum since the start of statistics in 1976)[13]
Kuma-gun, KumamotoAsagiri TownAbove: 660.0mm (until 6:12 on the 10th, maximum since the start of statistics in 1977)[13]
NagasakiNagasakiMt. Nagaura: 593.5mm (until 8:9 on the 00th. Maximum since the start of statistics in 1976)[13]

Advance forecast

The Meteorological AgencyHeisei 30 year 7 month heavy rain,First Year of Reiwa East TyphoonWhen the weather of the special warning system is expected, a press conference was held in advance to call for caution, but due to this heavy rain, the conference was not held until the special warning was announced on July 7.As of the evening of the 4rd of the previous day, the Japan Meteorological Agency announced that the forecast for 3-hour rainfall in Kumamoto Prefecture until 4:18 on the 24th was "200mm in many places", but it actually exceeded 400mm. On the 5th, the head of the Kumamoto Local Meteorological Observatory said, "We couldn't predict enough rain to issue a special warning."[20].

Damage/impact

Status of human damage caused by the Fire and Disaster Management Agency of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications (as of February 2021, 2)[21]
Prefecture namedeadCardiopulmonary arrestMissing personWounded person
Serious injuryMildUnknown
Yamagata1
Fukushima1
Kanagawa1
Toyama1
Nagano12
Gifu11
Shizuoka1
Kyoto2
Wakayama1
Hiroshima221
Ehime21
Fukuoka254
Saga3
Nagasaki31
Kumamoto6521235
Oita611
Kagoshima14
Total8422555
Status of damage to houses by the Fire and Disaster Management Agency of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications (as of 2021:2 on January 26, 15)[22])
Completely destroyed 1,620 buildings, partially destroyed 4,509, partially damaged 3,594, above-floor flooded 1,652, and below-floor flooded 5,173.

Damage situation

As of January 2021, 1, the amount of damage related to agriculture, forestry and fisheries was 14 billion yen.[23].

Kumamoto prefecture (southern area of ​​the prefecture), Kagoshima prefecture (heavy rain from the night of the 3rd to the day of the 4th)

Flow through Kumamoto PrefectureKuma RiverWater systemIt is,Yatsushiro,Ashikita Town,Kuma Village,Hitoyoshi,Sagara villageFlooded and broke in a total of 13 places, about 1,060HaFlooded[24][25]. 14 residents died in a submerged facility at Senjuen, a nursing home for the elderly in Kuma village.[26][27].Geographical Survey InstituteAccording to the inundation estimation map of, it seems that the inundation depth reached a maximum of 9 m in the Kuma village Watari district where Senjuen is located.[28]. Hitoyoshi City flooded a large area of ​​the city[29], Flooded to a position higher than past flood damage[30]..For example, there is a record that the utility pole in Shimoaoimachi, Hitoyoshi City was flooded to a height of 1965 m in 2.1, but it is said that this heavy rain flooded it to a height of 4.3 m.[30]. Also, in the central part of Sakamoto Town, Yatsushiro City, there was a great deal of damage such as driftwood and sediment flowing into the houses.[31]. According to a survey by Kumamoto University,Sakamoto StationThere were traces of flooding to a height of 5.4 m in a nearby house[32]. Also,Ashikita Town(There are deaths due to landslides in the Tagawa area.[33],Sashiki StationFlood)Tsunaki Town(There are deaths due to landslides in the Fukuhama area[34]) But the damage is coming out.

According to the cause of death and the location of 7 deaths in the prefecture announced by the Kumamoto Prefectural Police on July 13, 64 people drowned (including suspicion), 52 of which were found indoors.[35].

Nagasaki prefecture, Saga prefecture, Fukuoka prefecture, Kumamoto prefecture (north region of the prefecture), Oita prefecture (heavy rain from the evening of the 6th to the morning of the 7th and from the middle of the night of the 7th to the morning of the 8th)

FukuokaOmuta CityThen, we observed "unexperienced rainfall" of 7 mm in 6 hours from 15:3 on July 252.Suwa RiverReached the flood risk level, but no flooding occurred.However, because the rainfall exceeded the processing capacity of the Mikawa pumping station (Shioyamachi, the same city), water overflowed from the pumping station, causing inundation of inland waters one after another.Five workers at the Mikawa pump station stopped the electric pump at around 5:20 to avoid a breakdown.The amount of water reached the height of the worker's waist, and after 15 minutes, all 15 cars were submerged.[36]..Due to this inland flood, Omuta City Minato Elementary School (85 residents evacuated) and Mikawa District Public Hall (157 residents evacuated), which had been evacuation centers, were temporarily isolated due to road flooding.[37]At Minato Elementary School, about 30 children and 21 teachers who could not return home due to road flooding spent the night on the second floor and above of the building.[38]..In addition, a woman died in a flooded house in Higuchi-cho, and a man died in a flooded apartment in Kamiyashikimachi, the city.[39]..In addition, inundation above and below the floor, flooding of roads and fields, landslides, and slope collapses occurred one after another in various parts of the city.In addition, Kumamoto Prefecture, which is adjacent to the Mikawa districtAraoBut there were road floods.

Kumamoto Prefecture around 7:7 on July 6thYamaga CityA submerged car was found in Obara, and a couple in their 80s were rescued, but they were unconscious and soon died.[40].

Chikugo RiverFlooded in parts of Oita prefecture in the upstream and Fukuoka prefecture in the middle[41]. In addition, Fukuoka Prefecture in the Chikugo River basinKurumeThen the tributaryKose RiverInundation damage was seen due to the flooding.There was also inundation damage due to the effects of inland flooding.[42][43].

OitaYufuThen.Oita River Shonai TownEastern Choho (Onoya StationAround) andHazama TownOverflow occurs in downtown (near Tenjinbashi) and floods and debris flows of Oita River tributaries (Hanaino River, Kurokawa, etc.)Sediment disasterAlso occurred frequently,Disaster occurrence informationWas issued[44][45]. In the Oita River, the water level observation point under the direct control of the country is the same as the Yujiri Observatory in Yufu City.Fuchu OhashiThe water level at the observatory was the highest ever in the history of observation[46][47][Annotation 1]. Yufuin Town, Yufu CityYuhira hot springThen, around midnight on the 8th, there was a report that a car with four people was washed away on the prefectural road along the Hanaawaseno River.[48][49].Hita CityAmagase OnsenThen.KusugawaFlooded twice and the riverside was flooded.Ten hotel facilities have been flooded, and two bridges over the river have been washed away.It corresponds to the middle part of the Chikugo RiverMikuma RiverHowever, it was flooded twice and suffered flood damage.[50][51].

NagasakiOmuraThen, due to landslides and flooding of small rivers, the road was blocked and impassable.SagaTara TownThen, around 6:16 on the XNUMXth, at the back of a private houseLandslideAnd two people were injured[52].

Gifu Prefecture/Nagano Prefecture (Heavy rain from 7th night to 8th noon)

In Gifu prefecture on the morning of the 8th,Gero CityOf Hagiwara Town NakaroKiso RiverWater systemHida RiverA flood occurred. Also,Kamo-gunShirakawaKawaki'sShirakawa,MinoTachibanaNagara RiverInundation occurred in 6 places in 8 rivers in the prefecture.TakayamaAsahi-cho Nishido,MizunamiSediment-related disasters such as debris flows and landslides have also occurred in five locations in the prefecture, including Kamadocho.[53].

In Nagano Prefecture, on the afternoon of July 7th, due to the impact of sediment runoff on roads, etc.Matsumoto,Nagano city,KisoA total of about 3 people in the three cities were temporarily isolated. Prefectures are rushing to restore roads that lead to the district.

In Nagano Prefecture, landslides continued from 11th to 12th,IidaThen, a man was caught and died on the 12th.[54].

Hiroshima Prefecture/Shimane Prefecture (Heavy rain from 13th night to 14th morning)

In Hiroshima prefecture, around 14 o'clock on the 6th,Higashihiroshima CityA landslide occurred in Uchiyama, Kochi Town, leaving two parents and children missing, and a search confirmed that they died in the afternoon of the same day.[55].

It flows in the western part of Shimane prefecture.EnokawaAt around 14:9 on the XNUMXth, in the downstream areaJiangjin CityInundation occurred in Kabira Town and Tazu, Sakurae Town. Flooding of roads and farmlands has been confirmed[56].

Yamagata and Akita (heavy rain from 26th to 29th)

In Yamagata Prefecture, by the morning of the 29thMogami River Okura Village,Oishida Town,Oe Town,Murayama CityA total of 6 places were flooded, and many houses were inundated.In addition, small rivers such as the Fukubeuchi River were flooded one after another, causing damage to fields and crops.[57][58].

Impact on infrastructure

As of 7:18 on July 11thKyushu Electric PowerAbout 290 homes are out of power in Kumamoto prefecture[59].

Train

Railway Line Damage Status (As of July 2020, 7)[60][61][62]
business personrouteDamaged section/locationDamage situation
JR TokaiTakayama Main LineHida Hagiwara Station - Gero StationwhileSediment inflow[63]
Inside Gero StationSediment inflow[63]
Hida Kosaka Station - Nagisa StationwhileExposed lower part of track retaining wall, inflow of sediment, outflow of roadbed, damage to electrical equipment[63]
Hida Ichinomiya Station - Takayama StationwhileSediment inflow[64]・Electrical equipment damage[63]
Iida LineOwada Station - Nakai Samurai StationwhileTsurudomeCollapse[64]・Electrical equipment damage[63]
JR West JapanGeibi LineKamitada Station - Nakasanda StationwhileBank breakage
Nishi Miyoshi Station - Shiwaji StationwhileRoadbed outflow
Fukushio LineKisa station - Mirasaka StationwhileSlope collapse
JR ShikokuUchiko LineIgasaki Station - Kitayama StationwhileSediment inflow[65]
JR KyushuHisatsu LineDan Station - Sakamoto StationwhileRoadbed outflow[66][67]
Inside Sakamoto StationRunoff[67]
Hagi Station - Kamase StationwhileRoadbed outflow[66][67]
Kamase Station- Setoishi StationwhileKuma River first bridge lost[66][67]
Inside Setoishi StationBoarding area/roadbed outflow[66]
Kaiji Station - Yoshio StationwhileRoadbed outflow[66]
Kyusendo StationCampusEntry and exit[66]
Kyusendo Station- Ichikachi StationwhileCutout collapse/sediment inflow[66]
Ichikachi Station- Naraguchi StationwhileRoadbed outflow[66]
Naraguchi Station- Watari StationwhileSecond Kuma River bridge loss and embankment collapse[66][67]
Inside Watari StationRoadbed outflow[66][67]
Hitoyoshi Station - Ohata StationwhileBank breakage[66][67]
Kagoshima Main LineTamana Station - Higo Ikura StationwhileSediment inflow[67]
Kumanojo Station - Kibachaya StationwhileBank breakage
Kibachaya Station- Kushikino StationwhileSediment inflow[67]
Kamiijuin Station - Hiroki StationwhileSediment inflow[67]
Hisadai Main LineAmakase Station - Sugikawachi StationwhileEmbankment runoff[67]
Hikiji station - Bungo Nakamura StationwhilePier inclination[67]
Bungo Nakamura Station- Noya StationwhileThe second Nogami River bridge was washed away[67]
Noya Station- Yufuin StationwhileSediment inflow[67]
Minamiyufu Station - Yudaira StationwhileEmbankment runoff[67]
Onoya Station - Onise StationwhileEmbankment runoff[67]
Nichinan LineTaniguchi Station - Shibushi StationwhileSediment inflow, etc.
Kumakawa RailwayYu FrontKawamura Station - Higo Nishimura StationwhileThe Kuma River Fourth Bridge was washed away
Hitoyoshi Onsen StationCampusTrack flooding and sediment inflow
Hisatsu Orange RailwayHisatsu Orange Railway LineSashiki StationCampusTrack flooding
Higotakada Station - Minamata StationwhileSediment inflow, etc.
Minamata Station- Yonetsu StationwhileSediment inflow, etc.
Heisei Chikuho RailwayTagawa LineSakiyama Station - Genjimori StationwhileSediment runoff, cutout collapse, rockfall
Eizan Electric RailwayKurama LineNinose Station - Kibuneguchi StationwhileSediment inflow[68]
Oigawa ShindoOigawa Main LineKamio StationnearSeawall erosion
Kanaya Station - Shinkanaya StationwhileTsurudome collapse
Aichi Loop RailwayAichi Loop LineEikaku Station - Suenohara StationwhileSediment inflow[69]

道路

highway
Expressway damage situation (as of July 2020, 7)[60]
Route nameDamaged section/locationDamage situation
Kyoto Transit ExpresswayToku IClampSlope collapse[60]
Kisei ExpresswayNankitanabe IC - Kamitada ICwhileSlope failure[70]
Sanyo ExpresswayKumage IC - Tokuyama East ICwhileMuddy water inflow[71]
Matsuyama ExpresswayMatsuyama IC - Iyo ICwhileLandslide[72]
Kyushu ExpresswayYatsushiro IC - Ebino ICwhileSlope collapse[73]
Submergence in the tunnel[73]
Tunnel electric room[73]
Yokogawa IC - Mizobe Kagoshima Airport ICwhileSlope collapse[73]
Nanguan IC - Ueki ICwhileFallen tree/slope deformation[71]
Oita ExpresswayKuju IC - Yufuin ICwhileSediment runoff[72]
Kusu IC -Between Kuju ICSlope failure[74]
South Kyushu Westward ExpresswaySatsumasennai Mizuhiki IC - Ichiki ICwhileSediment inflow/flood[70]

In addition, construction was underway with the goal of opening by March 2021 (within the second year of Reiwa).Higashikyushu Expressway Shibushi IC - Kanoya Kushira JCTDue to the damage to the construction site during the period, the scheduled opening time was changed from "until March 2021" to "around the summer of 3".[75].

General road
  • National Route 3: Due to the inflow of earth and sand near three tunnels in Kumamoto prefecture, the Akamatsu tunnel, Uminoura tunnel, and Sashiki tunnel were closed from 3 o'clock on July 2, 7nd year of Reiwa.Akamatsu Tunnel (YatsushiroFutami Akamatsu Town), Kaiura Tunnel (Ashikita Town(Odaura) closed the road at 7 pm on July 8th due to the completion of sediment removal and safety, but about 18 km around the Sashiki tunnel (Ashikita-cho Kaiura-Ashikita-cho Shiraiwa) was removed. , Continue to be closed. The detour (passing towards Fukuoka and Kagoshima) is the South Kyushu westbound motorway (vehicle road)[80].
  • National Route 208: Since the road was flooded, from 2:7 on July 6, 15AraoAlthough all roads were closed at the Haramanda intersection in Haradamanda, the whole road was closed at 6:23 on the 40th as the flood was resolved and safety was confirmed.[87]..However, because the road was flooded again, the Haramanda intersection in Haramanda, Arao City was completely closed from 7:10 on July 14.Since the flooding was resolved and safety was confirmed, the road closure was lifted at 7:10 on July 15.[88].
  • National Route 210: It was closed due to road collapse, sediment inflow, river flooding, etc. at several locations from Shonai Town, Yufu City to Hita City.[89][90][91].

Impact on facilities, cultural properties and industry

Impact on events

  • August 2020, 7,EhimeUwajima CityAt the "Yoshida Community Center 2nd floor large hall",Heisei 30 year 7 month heavy rainThe "Uwajima City Memorial Service" for the 2nd anniversary,New CoronavirusFrom the perspective of the spread of infection, as of May 5 of the same year, it was not held as a ceremonial event, but "free flowers"[101]It was decided to reduce the size of the event, but on the day of the ceremony, there was a heavy rain warning and the Yoshida area with the venue, Yoshida Community Center, had an evacuation recommendation, so it was canceled without delay. changed[102].

Correspondence of each prefecture / administration

Following the heavy rain that started in Kyushu, the government announced at 7:4 on July 4th.Prime Minister's Office Crisis Management CenterEstablished the official residence liaison room in. At 7:15, it was upgraded to the official residence countermeasures room.[103].

Kumamoto

Friday, august 7

  • At 11:29, a heavy rain warning will be announced and the system will shift to a caution system.
  • At 20:49, a heavy rain warning was announced and the system was changed to a warning system.
  • Sediment disaster warning information was announced in Hitoyoshi City at 21:50.Established a disaster alert headquarters.

XNUM X Month X NUM X Day Saturday

  • From 3:30, rainfall of about 110 mm to 120 mm or more will be recorded mainly in the southern part of Kumamoto Prefecture (Hitoyoshi City, Kuma Village, Ashikita Town, Yatsushiro City, Amakusa City, Tsunagi Town).
  • At 4:50, the Japan Meteorological Agency announces a heavy rain special warning.In response, Kumamoto Prefecture will establish a disaster response headquarters.
  • At 5:36, Kumamoto Prefecture requests the Self-Defense Forces to dispatch a disaster.
  • At 5:55, information on the inundation of the Kuma River was announced (Kuma-mura, Kuma-gun).
  • At 7:21, Kumamoto Prefecture makes a request for firefighting support in the prefecture.
  • At 7:40, Kumamoto Prefecture makes a request for an emergency fire support team.In response to this, the Fire and Disaster Management Agency of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications convenes an emergency firefighting assistance team waiting in preparation for a large-scale disaster in each prefecture and dispatches them to the disaster area Kumamoto Prefecture.
  • At 7:50, information on the inundation of the Kuma River was announced (Yatsushiro City, Hitoyoshi City, Kuma Village, Kuma District, Ashikita Town, Ashikita District).
  • At 8:00, Kumamoto Prefecture will hold the 1st Disaster Countermeasures Headquarters Meeting.
  • At 15:00, the 2nd Disaster Countermeasures Headquarters was held (the Disaster Countermeasures Headquarters Meeting was held every day thereafter).

National Police Agency

At 7:4 on July 4, the National Police Agency established a disaster security liaison office headed by the second security section chief.[104].

  • At 7:15 on the same day, it was reorganized into the Disaster Security Headquarters headed by the Chief of Security[104]
  • Reorganized into Emergency Disaster Security Headquarters, which is headed by the Deputy Chief of the National Police Agency, at 7:5 on July 10[104].

Fire department

  • The headquarters established a disaster response headquarters (third emergency response) headed by the Commissioner of the Fire Service Agency.
  • By 7 o'clock on July 9, Kumamoto Prefectural Office, Kumamoto Prefecture Yoshishita Kuma Fire Fighting Association, Yatsushiro Wide Area Administrative Office Unionliaison7 employees[105].
  • As of 7:9 on July 12, emergency fire support teams were dispatched to Kumamoto and Nagano prefectures. Approximately 5 personnel from 80 units from 290 prefectures were dispatched on land, 10 helicopters were dispatched from 10 prefectures by air, and a total of 360 personnel were dispatched.[105].

Japanese Meteorological Agency

  • At a joint meeting with the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism on July 7, we called attention to possible disasters in Gifu and Nagano prefectures.[106].
  • About the heavy rain that hit the southern part of Kumamoto Prefecture on the 7th at the regular interview on July 15,Yasuo SekitaThe Secretary acknowledged the need for improved forecast accuracy.[107].

Japan Coast Guard

Ministry of Defense, SDF

Requested disaster dispatch from Governor of Kumamoto, Fukuoka and Oita prefectures[104]. Also,Responsive Reserve SDF-Reserve SDFWas also called[104][114]. The convening of the SDF personnelHeavy rain disaster caused by typhoon No. 2019 in 196th time since[115].

Request for disaster dispatch due to heavy rain in July 2nd year of Reiwa
RequesterRequest date and timeRequesteeRequest contentRequest for withdrawalSource/Remarks
Governor of Yamaguchi Prefecture Muraoka TsugumasaMay 7ASDF Western Air Force CommanderAlready[116]
Governor of Kumamoto Ikuo KamabaXNUM X Month X NUM X Day X NUM X Hour X NUM X MinutesGSDF 8th Division CommanderLifesaving etc.Already[116][104]
Governor of Fukuoka Prefecture Hiroshi OgawaXNUM X Month X NUM X Day X NUM X Hour X NUM X MinutesGSDF 4th Division Commander

(Western mixed leader)

Lifesaving etc.Already[104]
Governor of Oita Prefecture Hirose KatsadaXNUM X Month X NUM X Day X NUM X Hour X NUM X MinutesGSDF 4th Division Commander

(Western Tank Captain)

Lifesaving etc.Already[104]
XNUM X Month X NUM X Day X NUM X Hour X NUM X MinutesGSDF Captain of the Special Course for the WestSearch activityAlready[117]

Dispatch scale: Ground Self-Defense ForceWestern Division20,000 people in land, sea and air, 8 helicopters, 2 fixed-wing aircraft, 400 ready SDF personnel, 100 SDF personnel[104][114]

Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare

Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications

Ministry of Agriculture

Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry

Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism

At a joint meeting with the Japan Meteorological Agency on July 7, we called attention to possible disasters in Gifu and Nagano prefectures.[106].

Ministry of the Environment

XNUM X Month X NUM X Day,Shinjiro KoizumiAt a press conference, the Minister of the Environment announced that in the future disasters designated as "specific emergency disasters" will help most of the dismantling costs of partially destroyed houses. Until now, the principle was completely destroyed, and it was operated flexibly according to the scale of the disaster, but it will be a permanent mechanism. Dismantling is carried out by the municipalities entrusting it to contractors, and the government covers 9% of the cost with subsidies. The rest will be borne by the municipality, so the owner will not take it out. It has officially announced that it will subsidize houses that were partially destroyed by the heavy rain in July. Ministry of the Environment considers making permanent by clearly specifying in subsidy guidelines[118].

Cabinet Office

Installed in the disaster area on July 7Temporary housingAnnounced that it will review the operation of the site and expand the range of victims who can move in.Even if you use the emergency repair system to repair a broken home, you will be allowed to move in temporarily for up to 6 months from the date of the disaster.The condition is that you cannot live at home because it is more than half destroyed and the repair period exceeds one month.It is also possible to temporarily move into a "deemed temporary" where the government rents a private rental housing.In either case, it is necessary to move out promptly when the repair is completed.The emergency repair system will cover part of the repair costs at public expense. The upper limit per household is 1 yen for half-destroyed or more, and 1 yen for semi-half-destroyed.Because the purpose is to be able to live at home, we have not allowed people to move into temporary housing when using the system.In recent years, it has taken a long time to complete repairs due to a shortage of contractors, and it may take more than a year.Ministry of Internal Affairs and CommunicationsThe administrative evaluation department also recommended improvement. The municipalities to which the emergency repair system has been applied are targeted. In July heavy rain, as of July 7,Nagano,Gifu,Shimane ,Fukuoka,Saga,Kumamoto,Oita,KagoshimaThe 67 municipalities[119].

Local government

In Hitoyoshi City and Kuma Village, the flood caused damage to the communication infrastructure.Social MediaInformation is sent to the victims by utilizing[120].

Kumamoto[121],Oita Prefecture[122],FukuokaKurume[123]Then,New coronavirusTo prevent the spread of infection, we limit the acceptance of volunteers to residents in the prefecture,Omuta City[123]Omuta City,Miyama City,Yanagawa,Arao,Nagasu Town,Nankan TownIt is limited to For this reasonKumamoto OfHitoyoshi,Kuma Village,Sagara village,Fukuoka OfOmuta City,Oita OfKuju TownThen there is a shortage of volunteers[124]. I visited Kumamoto on July 7 to cover the heavy rain.Jiji PressThe prefecture asked the media to take measures to prevent infections, as it was discovered that a photographer in his 30s was infected with the new coronavirus.[125].

Kumamoto PrefectureIkuo KamabaThe governor went to the Kawabe River, a tributary of the Kuma River, which caused enormous damage.Running water damBecomeKawabegawa DamAnnounced promotion of construction[126]..However, even before the disaster, the outlook for this plan is uncertain due to disagreements among residents in the upstream and downstream basins.[127]..Hitoyoshi City is originally located in a place where flood damage is constant, and river excavation and raising of riverside areas have been started and completed in the 1980s due to past disasters.[128]It is estimated that the flood damage this time was an inflow of 2007 tons per second, exceeding the upper limit of 7,000 tons per second set in 7.[129][130]..In addition, in Hitoyoshi CityHayato MatsuokaThe mayor has expressed support for the resumption of construction of this dam, which is important for establishing the safety and security of citizens.[131]..Due to this background, it takes time to develop the infrastructure, so Kumamoto Prefecture is promoting a soft disaster prevention plan.[131].

Of Omuta CityYoshitaka SekiThe mayor formulates a basic plan for drainage measures[132], Decided to rebuild the Mikawa pumping station, which led to the expansion of water flooding in the city.Invest 30 billion yen in the adjacent park to build a new pumping station[132]..In addition, as an emergency measure until completion, the operation of the pump stopped due to flooding of the switchboard, so the switchboard was raised by about 1.3 m, two emergency pumps were added, and 2 m to prevent flooding around the building.Water stop plateInstalled[133]..Since the disaster response headquarters could not grasp the operating status of the pump, we introduced an information aggregation system and also built a system to provide this information to the citizens in real time.[132]..In addition, the free calling app "LINEFor disseminating disaster information and rescue activities usingSmall boatPurchased 20 new vessels as equipment for firefighting because[132].

Support activities

Fundraising/Support

Supplies support

Disaster remains

  • "Second Kuma River Bridge Ryo" (JR Hisatsu Line that was washed along with the bridge girder) --Kuma Village, Kumamoto Prefecture. Village announces transfer maintenance from JR Kyushu[154].

footnote

[How to use footnotes]

注 釈

  1. ^ The Oita River is managed by Oita Prefecture (Oita Civil Engineering Office) on the upstream side with the Tenjin Bridge in Hashima-cho, Yufu City as the boundary, and the downstream is under the direct control of the country (Oita River National Highway Office). Damage to the upstream part of the river may be added.

Source

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