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🚗 | Supporting the introduction of ASV by bus, taxi, and truck carriers Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism


Photo Hino Profia (reference image)

Supporting the introduction of ASV for bus, taxi, and truck carriers Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism

 
If you write the contents roughly
The subsidy rate is set for each item, and ASV equipment such as collision damage mitigation brakes and advanced lights is half the acquisition cost (there is an upper limit).
 

On July 7, the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism will support advanced efforts to prevent traffic accidents for bus, taxi, and truck carriers ... → Continue reading

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Wikipedia related words

If there is no explanation, there is no corresponding item on Wikipedia.

Collision damage reduction brake

Collision damage reduction brakeWhat is a brake?AutomobileIs a generic term for functions that detect obstacles and prepare for a collision. Mounted on a carradar,カメラInformation fromComputerParsed,driverWarning tobrakeThis is a system for performing auxiliary operations, etc. In this section, we will describe the collision damage reduction brakes installed in automobiles sold in Japan.

This system can be used for various mediaAutomatic brakingHowever, the system is different from automatic braking in the strict sense (a part of the speed control system for the purpose of speed adjustment in automatic driving), so caution is required for misuse ("#Automatic stopSee also section).

Overview

Collision damage mitigation brakesActive safety(Preventive safety) andPassive safetyLocated between (collision safety),1991(HeiseiFrom 3 years)Advanced safety carHas been studied as (ASV)[1]. 2003(15) in AugustModel changeWas doneToyota HarrierFirst installed in a commercial vehicle[2]. However, although the brake assist was activated early, the brake was not automatically operated.[3]. Released in June of the same yearHonda inspireFor the first time, the brakes were automatically operated (CMBS)[4].

When driving a vehicle equipped with a collision damage reduction brake, the in-vehicle computer always warns the vehicle ahead, and when a vehicle approaching the vehicle in front or an obstacle is detected, a warning is issued by voice, etc., and the system determines that a collision is unavoidable. At this point, brakes will be applied automatically (autonomously) to reduce damage. In addition, strengthen the braking effect at the time of warning,Winding up the seat beltPreparatory movements are also prepared for the collision. thisPreparation for collisionThat is why is expressed as being located between active safety and passive safety.

For explorationMillimeter waveRadar is often used,InfraredMay be used. However, infrared rays(I.e.It is necessary to keep in mind that it is weak against direct rays of light and may not function in the morning or evening, and that it is only possible to explore up to about 50 m. In addition, the function may be canceled when the wiper is activated in consideration of erroneous recognition due to raindrops in the case of rain. Digital instead of radarStereo cameraIs also used. Although cameras are cheaper than radars and can obtain more detailed information, they may not perform well at night or in bad weather.[5]Depending on the vehicle, it is equipped with both radar and camera to enhance its functions.

However, this system is intended only to assist the driving, and is not designed to operate depending on the system. If an accident occurs, the driverresponsibilityIs borne byCar maker,Sales outletIt is clearly stated by all manufacturers that they will not be held liable, and always explains at the time of sale. When driving a vehicle equipped with a system, it is necessary to keep this in mind. It cannot be installed after the vehicle is manufactured because it requires a complex combination of equipment such as the front monitoring system, vehicle computer, throttle control, brake control, and seat belt control, but it is commercially available that only has the function of independently warning by the camera. Has been done.

The collision damage mitigation system is different from the brake assist that assists the stepping when applying a brake that requires a strong force such as sudden braking, so be careful of misuse.[6]..Currently, the number of accidents is decreasing due to the collision damage mitigation braking system.However, as a result of overconfidence in the collision damage mitigation brake, there are cases where the system does not operate due to overspeed, weather, backlight from oncoming vehicles, etc., causing an accident.[7].


Automatic stop

In Japan, the automatic braking function of the initial collision damage reduction brake was intended only to reduce the damage at the time of a collision, and the automatic stop before a collision was intentionally regulated because of overconfidence in the device. However, the regulation was abolished because Volvo attracted an insurance company from the United Kingdom to show accident statistical data of Volvo's self-braking vehicle in the United Kingdom. In response to this, in 2009Volvo XC60"City Safety" installed in[8](Installed overseas in 2008), in 2010Subaru LegacyInstalled inEye sight (ver.2)Both should not brake until the end of the collision to avoid the driver's dependence.[9]From JapanMinistry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and TourismWas approved by[10].

Prior to the sale of EyeSight (ver.2), collision damage reduction brakes were expensive, so the installation rate was very low and the name recognition was low. Such a situation continued for a long time, but with the release of EyeSight (ver.2010) in 22 (Heisei 2)Fuji Heavy Industries (SUBARU)Has a high appeal to consumers that it actively carries out commercial activities such as commercials and even stops automatically, and as a result of making the collision damage reduction brake, which was expensive until then, a reasonable price of about 10 yen, EyeSight (ver.2) has become very popular due to its extremely high loading rate. The hit of Eyesight contributed to the good performance of SUBARU, and it became a catalyst for drastically changing the conventional wisdom that was previously "consumers do not pay for safety" in the automobile industry.[11][12].

Opposition to the fact that it will stop automatically even after the regulation is lifted, or criticism of the collision damage reduction brake itself is strong.[13], Domestic manufacturers other than SUBARU are reluctant to install collision damage reduction brakes that stop automatically.[14]For a while, only Subaru became the only domestic manufacturer to release a collision damage reduction brake that automatically stops. Because it was such a situation,Eye sight became synonymous with collision damage reduction brakes[15], There were media that accidentally described the collision damage reduction brake as EyeSight.

After that, in 2012 (Heisei 24), Mazda released SCBS and Daihatsu smart assist, and gradually domestic manufacturers other than SUBARU also started to release collision damage reduction brakes that automatically stop, along with gradually colliding. Damage reduction brakes have become popular. In March 2013 (Heisei 25), each one that SUBARU hadPatentHas reached its 20th year and the rights have ended[16].

2013 (Heisei 25)-2014 (Heisei 26)Automotive assessment (Japan),Euro NCAP,IIHSCollision damage mitigation brakes have been added to automobile safety evaluations around the world, and the deceleration performance of the collision damage mitigation brakes is required for all of the above evaluations. It has a lower safety rating than the brakes. Due to such changes in circumstances, Toyota was reluctant to install a collision damage reduction brake and automatically stop the collision damage reduction brake until the end in 2014 by Japanese manufacturers.[17][18]Announced that it will equip almost all vehicle models with collision damage reduction brakes that will automatically stop by the end of 2017.[19][20].

As of 2017 (Heisei 29), almost allPassenger carThe collision damage mitigation brakes in these vehicles are shifting to a type that allows automatic stop, but due to this background, some new vehicles have collision damage mitigation brakes that do not perform automatic stop. The collision damage reduction brakes of the specifications before the abolition are all specifications that do not stop automatically. (However, this is a matter of regulation and timing of development/sales. As the market demands, it seems that the model will be automatically stopped due to model changes and specification changes.)

In terms of widespread use, 2014% of new passenger cars sold in 26 (Heisei 41) are equipped with collision damage reduction brakes, making them common equipment.[21].. From 2015 (Heisei 27) as of 2015 (Heisei 27)Toyota safety senseHas started to be released, and is becoming more popular.

on the other hand,largeCommercial vehicleMost of the collision damage mitigation brakes do not specify the automatic stop performance. This is because heavy commercial vehicles are heavy and the load capacity changes significantly, and sudden braking on the bus may injure passengers who are not seated.[22].

In addition, all of these devices,Even if the speed is less than the stoptable speed, it cannot be stopped 100% depending on the road condition, etc., and the damage mitigation brake will not operate 100% due to the sensor weak point... At Subaru, an experience ride event is held mainly in Subaru where passengers ride on passengers and run toward obstacles, but at the Mazda dealer experience test ride, the damage mitigation brake did not work and a personal injury occurred.[23].

Mandatory, standard equipment, subsidy system

世界So allAutomobileIn addition, a schedule for requiring the installation of collision damage reduction brakes is underway.

Passenger car

August 2019, 2,United Nations Economic Commission for EuropeIn the (ECE), 40 countries and regions such as Japan and the European Union (EU) agreed on a draft rule requiring the introduction of collision damage reduction brakes. The passengers and light commercial vehicles in the agreed countries will be equipped with collision damage reduction brakes as standard equipment. This obligation only applies to new vehicles, excluding in-use vehicles[24].

In Japan, based on the agreement with the above ECE, it will be obligatory for new models and models to be released after November 2021 and mandatory for existing models and models from December 11. Decided on the moon[25].. It is said that it will be applied to imported cars sequentially from 2024 onwards.

In the United States, apart from the agreement on the above ECE, the goal is to equip more than 2022% of new vehicles sold in the US market with collision damage reduction brakes as standard equipment by September 9. In 99United States Department of TransportationAnd 20 automakers have agreed to standardize on all vehicles[26].. The U.S. Department of Transportation has issued a survey finding that collision damage reduction brakes reduce the number of fatalities and injuries by 35% as a basis for requiring standard equipment for collision damage reduction brakes.[27].

Commercial vehicle

The damage caused by a rear-end collision of a large vehicle is greater than that of a passenger vehicle, and the effect of the collision damage reduction brakes is great, so the obligation began before the passenger vehicle. In the EU, all new commercial vehicles from November 2013, and all new commercial vehicles from November 11, must be equipped with automatic emergency braking. Below is a description of the mandatory commercial vehicle tax reduction system in Japan.

Track

The fatality rate of a rear-end collision due to a heavy-duty truck is about 12 times higher than that of a passenger car, and the collision damage reduction brakes can reduce approximately 80% of the number of fatal accidents due to a rear-end collision. Aiming to popularize truck collision damage reduction brakes to reduce accidents and maintain international competitiveness[28].

Tax reduction
For the purchase of large trucks that introduced collision damage reduction brakes from 2012,Car acquisition taxDeducted 350 million yen from the acquisition price,Automobile weight taxIs reduced by 50%[29].
Mandatory
In Japan, new trucks with a total vehicle weight of more than 3.5 tons (2 tons standard flat body vehicle gross weight of about 4.4 tons) are obliged to be equipped with a collision damage reduction brake.
新型生産車では、車両総重量22t以上のトラックと13t以上のトラクタは2014年11月1日から、20t超22t以下のトラックは2016年11月1日から義務化された。
継続生産車では、車両総重量22t以上のトラックは2017年9月1日から義務化された他、13t以上のトラクタは2018年9月1日から、20t超22t以下のトラックは2018年11月1日から義務化された。
Also, in February 2014, it was decided that collision damage reduction brakes with enhanced performance requirements will be required for wider trucks.[30].
新型生産車では、車両総重量22t超のトラックは2017年11月1日から、8t超22t以下は2018年11月1日から、3.5t超8t以下は2019年11月1日から性能要件を強化した衝突被害軽減ブレーキが義務化された。
継続生産車では、車両総重量22t超のトラックは2019年11月1日から、20t超22t以下は2020年11月1日から、3.5t超20t以下は2021年11月1日から性能要件を強化した衝突被害軽減ブレーキが義務化される。
Both of the mandatory requirements are for newly manufactured vehicles, not for in-use vehicles.[31][32][33].

bus

Occurred in 2012Kanetsu Expressway Expressway Doze Driver accidentIn response to the demand, heavy duty trucks are being followed by mandatory requirements.

Tax reduction
Buses over 2013 tons that have introduced collision damage reduction brakes from FY5Car acquisition taxIs deducted from the acquisition price by 350 million yen and theAutomobile weight taxIs reduced by 50%[34].
Mandatory
In Japan, it is mandatory to equip a new bus with a passenger capacity of 10 or more with a collision damage reduction brake. However, this excludes buses with standing seats due to fear of standing passengers falling. That is, generalTransit Busexcept for,Express Bus,Sightseeing bus,MicrobusAnd so on.
For new-model vehicles, buses with a gross vehicle weight of more than 12 tons became mandatory from November 2014, 11.
As for continuous production vehicles, buses with gross vehicle weight of more than 12 tons became mandatory from September 2017, 9.
In addition, in February 2014, it was decided that collision damage reduction brakes with enhanced performance requirements will be mandatory for wider buses.
In the new production vehicles, buses with a total vehicle weight of over 12 tons were required from November 2017, 11, and for vehicles under 1 tons, collision damage reduction brakes with enhanced performance requirements were mandatory.
For continuously-produced vehicles, buses with gross vehicle weight of more than 12 tons will be obliged to use collision damage reduction brakes with enhanced performance requirements from November 2019, 11, and those of 1 tons or less from November 12, 2021.
Both of the mandatory requirements are for newly manufactured vehicles, not for in-use vehicles.[35][36].

In addition, collision damage mitigation braking is obligatory for passenger vehicles with a passenger capacity of less than 10 in November 2021 for new domestic vehicles and July 11 for imported new vehicles.

December 2025 for domestic continuous production vehicles and July 12 for imported continuous production vehicles.It has been decided that it will be mandatory in the near future [37].


Effect, rating, insurance discount

Euro NCAPAccording to the auto emergency braking (Euro NCAP refers to the collision damage reduction brake as "Autonomous Emergency Braking")[38]) Can reduce the occurrence of accidents by up to 27%. For this reason, cars without automatic emergency braking have a low reputation in Euro NCAP, and it is mandatory to install automatic emergency braking in order to obtain the highest ranking 2014 star from 5.[39].. From 2014, only vehicle performance was evaluated, and from 2016 pedestrian performance was also added.

American Road Safety Insurance AssociationIn the (IIHS) safety assessment, vehicles that do not have a collision damage reduction brake have a low rating, and a collision damage reduction brake is essential to obtain the Top Safety Pick+ (highest safety evaluation) from 2013 (2014 Top Safety Pick+). Has become[40].

Also in Japan from 2014JNCAPThe collision damage reduction brake was added to the evaluation of. Scored as a preventive safety assessment, maximum of 32 points for collision damage reduction brakes,Lane departure prevention support systemThe maximum score is 8 points, for a total of 40 points. Vehicles with a total score of 2 or more are certified as "ASV (advanced safety vehicle)", and vehicles with a total score of 12 or more are certified as "ASV+ (advanced safety vehicle plus)". We plan to add a pedestrian performance test from FY2016.[41].

また日本国内において、インテリセーフティー(衝突被害軽減ブレーキやBLIS等)搭載のボルボ車は非搭載車に比べ事故率が69%減少、追突事故率が77%減少、対人事故率が59%減少(2009-2015年)しており、アイサイト搭載のスバル車は非搭載車に比べ事故率が61%減少、追突事故率が84%減少、対人事故率が49%減少(2010-2014年)している。

As data around the world show that collision damage reduction brakes have significantly reduced accidents as described above, many countries are introducing insurance discount systems for vehicles equipped with collision damage reduction brakes. Subaru EyesightAustraliaIn insurance companyAllianzHas discounted some car types by 2%. For vehicles with Volvo City SafetyGermany9 to 20% discount in 25 countries[42].The United KingdomIn 2012, the insurance premium rating will be lowered for vehicles equipped with automatic emergency braking[43].

In Japan, it was announced at the end of 2017 that the insurance discount for collision damage reduction brakes will start in January 1. The average discount is about 2015%, and the discount rate varies depending on the device and insurance company.[44].

Unlike Europe and the United States, where insurance discounts were introduced early on, in Japan,Financial Services AgencySince the insurance premium for collision damage reduction brakes was regulated by the government, the insurance discount was not provided until then. In 2013American home insurance companyAccepted the application from the customer, judging that it could introduce a collision damage reduction brake device discount if the upper limit of the discount amount that can be determined at the company's discretion is 5%, but the discount was received at the recommendation of the Financial Services Agency. It happened to stop[45][46].. The reason for the regulation is that there was data that many insurance payments were reduced overseas, but there was no such aggregate data in Japan. However, in 2015, the Japanese government started to investigate the difference in the accident rate between vehicles equipped with a collision damage reduction brake and those without a collision damage reduction brake. Since it has been proved, it is decided that insurance discount will start[47].

Accident/Trouble

  • August 2013, 11,SaitamaFukayaAt a test ride event held at a Mazda dealership in Japan, a damage reduction brake function was addedMazda CX-5During the demonstration of the brake function of CX-5, the CX-30 ran out of control, injuring the customer who was driving and the employee of the sales company. Since the customer who was driving fully opened the accelerator, it exceeded the operating speed limit of the damage mitigation brake function of XNUMX km/h and did not stop before the mat that should stop but collided with the fence behind it. .. Accountability for sales company employeesBusiness negligence injuryBecause documents were inspected on suspicion that the driver also stepped on the accelerator more than necessary and injured the passengerNegligence in driving accidentDocuments have been sent on suspicion of[48].. In response to this accident, Mazda is refraining from a test-ride event with a braking function to reduce damage. Mazda has announced that the damage reduction brake has no malfunctions or abnormalities.[49].
  • UD Trucks is March 2016, 3, 18 model yearQuonEven though there was no vehicle in front of the damage mitigation brake,Hanshin Expressway No.5 Wangan Line OfRokko Island North Entrancenear,Uozakihama entrancenear,Sumiyoshihama Exitnear,Nakajima gatewayIn the vicinity, it was revealed that there were malfunctions that caused the viaducts and road joints to be judged to be vehicles ahead. UD Trucks calls to release the damage reduction brake when traveling in the section[50], Of the damage mitigation brakes on July 2016, 7recallTo the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism[51].
  • August 2016, 11,ChibaYachiyoInstalled a driving support function at Nissan dealershipsセ レ ナA man who took a test drive injured a couple who had been hit by a car waiting for a signal and was injured for two weeks. The man was on board with a sales employee of the company, but because the sales employee instructed that "it is okay not to press the brake" and that on the day of the accident it was raining after sunset and the damage reduction brake did not work Met[52].. In response to this, the Chiba Prefectural Police Traffic Investigation Division and the Yachiyo Station suspected that the store manager and sales employee were injured in business accident on April 2017, 4, and suspected that the man who was test-riding was in violation of the punishment law of car driving (negligence injury) Then, I sent documents to the Chiba District Prosecutor.[53].
  • Hino Motors and Isuzu Motors are the models of 2019-2 on February 1, 2017.SelegaとGalaIn some of the damage reduction brakes, when performing a start operation near the toll booth on an expressway, the front vehicle and the toll booth are considered to be a fixed object, and a certain distance between vehicles is maintained. The damage mitigation brake was activated, and the lighting in the tunnel of the highway was judged to be a moving object in the front, and it was revealed that the malfunction was occurring in the tunnel. Hino Motors and Isuzu Motors have been carrying out damage mitigation brake service campaigns since February 2019, 2.[54][55].

Status by manufacturer

NameSensorMain vehicle modelsCommentary
Toyota(Lexus)
Pre-crash safety systemMillimeter wave radarEstima (up to 3rd generation / 3rd generation type)
Prius (3rd generation)
SAI
Prius α (early model)
Installed since February 2003. In the first period, only the alarm and brake assist were used, and the brake operation was not performed autonomously, but from August 2, when the driver's brake operation is not performed, the brake is autonomously applied to reduce the damage damage caused by deceleration. Also changed to type[56].. However, collision avoidance by automatic stop is not done, but it is kept until damage reduction by deceleration (The reason why automatic stop was not done isAutomatic stopreference).
The millimeter-wave radar only type does not detect pedestrians, but the combined camera and radar type also detects pedestrians.
Millimeter wave radar and cameraCrown Majesta (5th generation)
Hilux (8th generation Japan specification)
Pre-crash safety systemMillimeter wave radarCrown (14th generation)
Harrier (3rd generation)
Crown Majesta (6th generation)
Camry (9th generation/late model)
Prius α (late type)
Alphard (3rd generation)
Vellfire (3rd generation)
Lexus IS (3rd generation/early model)
Installed since December 2012. When it is determined that a collision is unavoidable, the brakes operate autonomously at a relative speed of 12 km/h or more and decelerate up to 15 km/h to avoid the collision or reduce the damage of the collision.
Although it has the same name as the previous system (above), this type also enables collision avoidance by automatic stop at about 15 km/h to 30 km/h.[57][58].. It does not detect pedestrians.
As a result, the old pre-crash of IIHS evaluationPrius αHas a low rating of "Doesn't Meet Minimum Criteria"[59], Prius α of this system was evaluated as "6 out of 3 points, Advanced evaluation"[60]. It is from this type that the safety evaluation by JNCAP was conducted.[61].
Pre-crash safety systemMillimeter wave radar and image sensorDyna (8th generation, partially improved model in April 2016)
Toyoace (8th generation, partially improved model in April 2016)
It is installed on all models except the LPG model of Dyna Toyoace (=Dutro), which is developed and manufactured by Hino. See the item in Hino below.
Pre-crash safety system with collision avoidance supportMillimeter wave radar and stereo cameraLexus LS (4th generation late model)Set from October 2012. Supports collision avoidance with autonomous braking at a relative speed of 10 km/h or less. Even if the relative speed exceeds 40 km/h, braking will be performed automatically to reduce the collision speed and reduce damage. It also detects pedestrians.
Since it is very expensive in terms of price, it has not been deployed other than LS until 2018. For the 4th generation LS, the 40-point scale, which is the only Toyota vehicle, was awarded in the JNCAP preventive safety performance assessment before the introduction of Toyota Safety Sense.
Lexus Safety System + ALexus LS (5th generation)
Pre-crash safety system
(Toyota Safety Sense C)
Infrared laser and cameraRefer to the sectionInstalled since March 2015. Toyota has set a safe driving support system including the new pre-crash as "Toyota Safety Sense", and "C" is a system for compact cars. Combined with the "P" described below, it is planned to be set on almost all Toyota passenger cars in Japan, North America, and Europe by 3.[62].
The brake operates autonomously at 10 to 80 km/h to avoid collisions or reduce the damage of collisions. It does not detect pedestrians.
Pre-crash safety system
(Toyota Safety Sense)
Installed from April 2018 onwards. The above-mentioned "-C" with a daytime pedestrian detection function added.
Pre-crash safety system
(Toyota Safety Sense P)
Millimeter wave radar and cameraRefer to the sectionInstalled from August 2015 onwards. Following the above-mentioned "C" that was lined up earlier, a system for medium, high-end and next-generation vehicles. Because the system configuration is different, the function is different from "C".
The brakes operate autonomously at 10 km/h for vehicles and 10-80 km/h for pedestrians to avoid collisions or reduce the damage of collisions.
Pre-crash safety system
(Toyota Safety Sense)
Installed from January 2018 onwards. A function to detect pedestrians and bicycle drivers at night is added to the above-mentioned "-P".
Pre-crash safety system with collision avoidance support and pedestrian detection function
(Lexus Safety System +)
Millimeter wave radar and cameraRefer to the sectionInstalled in August 2015. It is planned to be installed on almost all Lexus cars in Japan, North America, and Europe by 8.[63].
In terms of performance, it is similar to the above-mentioned "Toyota Safety Sense (P)", and autonomously brakes at 10 km/h for vehicles and 10-80 km/h for pedestrians, causing collisions. Avoid the damage of avoidance or collision.
Smart assistInfrared laserRefer to the sectionInstalled in vehicle models (some grades) that receive OEM from Daihatsu. See the Daihatsu section below.
Smart Assist IIInfrared laser and cameraRefer to the sectionInstalled in vehicle models (some grades) that receive OEM from Daihatsu. See the Daihatsu section below.
Smart Assist IIIStereo cameraRefer to the sectionInstalled in vehicle models (some grades) that receive OEM from Daihatsu. See the Daihatsu section below.
Smart assist
(Next generation)
Stereo cameraRefer to the sectionInstalled on models that receive OEM from Daihatsu. See the Daihatsu section below.
Daihatsu industry
Pre-crash safety systemLaser radar and cameraMove Custom (4th generation L175S
5th generation LA100S (previous period)
To manufacturer option
Smart assistInfrared laserRefer to the sectionWhen driving at a speed of 4 to 30 km/h, when a danger of collision is detected, a sound and display alarm is first issued, and if there is still a danger of collision, the brakes are activated autonomously.
Smart Assist IIInfrared laser and cameraRefer to the sectionEnhanced version that adds a monocular camera to smart assist.
Smart Assist IIIStereo cameraRefer to the sectionA model that renewed Smart Assist II and adopted a stereo camera.
Smart Assist IIItStereo cameraHijet truck (10th generation / after some improvements in May 2018)A model in which the operating speed range of the Smart Assist III is changed according to the characteristics of a light truck.
Smart assist
(Next generation)
Stereo cameraRefer to the sectionA model that adds functions such as lane departure prevention control function, adaptive driving beam, and false call suppression function with brake control (front / rear) to Smart Assist III.
Nissan Motor
Intelligent brake assistLaser radar sensorCima (5th generation)
Elgrand (3rd generation)
Skyline (12th generation)
When the driver does not perform the avoidance operation, the emergency brake is activated to slow down and reduce the damage. It does not decelerate to a stop autonomously and avoid a collision.
Emergency brake
(Millimeter wave radar)
Millimeter wave radarSkyline (13th generation/early model-only turbo cars after the big minor change in July 2019)
Fugue (2nd generation, after minor change in February 2015)
NV350 caravan (after some improvements in January 2016)
Activate the emergency brake to avoid collisions or reduce damage at 60km/h or less, and slow down at 60km/h or more to reduce damage. It basically does not work for pedestrians.
Emergency brake
(camera)
Multi-sensing front cameraX-Trail (3rd generation)
Serena (4th generation, 2013th generation after minor change in December 12)
Notes (2nd generation / after December 2013 minor change)
Leaf (first generation, after minor change in November 2015)
Tiana (3rd generation / after partial improvement in February 2015)
Juke (After partial improvement in November 2015)
NV150 AD (4th generation / after minor change in November 2016)
Days (late model, partially improved model in May 2018)
Days Roox (2nd generation / late model, after May 2018 partially improved model)
A multi-sensing system that uses a front camera.[64]
The emergency brake operates in the range of 10 to 80 km/h, avoids collision or reduces damage at 30 km/h or less, and slows down at 30 km/h or more to reduce damage.
Operates at 10 to 60 km/h for stationary vehicles and pedestrians.
It does not work for pedestrians at vehicle speeds above 60 km/h.
Intelligent emergency brake
(Camera + millimeter wave radar)
Millimeter wave radar and cameraX-TRAIL (3rd generation / late model, after January 2020 partially improved model)
Serena (5th generation, after August 2020 partially improved model)
Days (2nd generation, after August 2020 partially improved model)
Luke (3rd generation)
The emergency brake operates in the range of 5 to 80 km/h, avoids collision or reduces damage at 30 km/h or less, and slows down at 30 km/h or more to reduce damage.
Operates at 10-60km/h for pedestrians.
Millimeter wave radar and trinocular cameraSkyline (only for 13th generation hybrid vehicles after the big minor change in July 2019)
Emergency brake
(Laser radar)
Infrared laserDays (V Selection + Safety II, after minor change in October 2015-late model, before May 10 partially improved model)
Days Luke's (V selection + SafetyII, after a partially improved model in April 2015-late model / before a partially improved model in May 4)
It is installed in the specially-designed vehicle "V Selection + Safety II" of Days (=eK Wagon) and Days Luke (=eK Space), sister cars of the Mitsubishi eK series. Later equipped as standard. See the item for Mitsubishi Motors below.
NV100 Clipper Rio(3rd generation, before July 2019, partially improved model)
NV100 Clipper(3rd generation, before July 2019, partially improved model)
Standard equipment on the NV100 Clipper Rio (=Every Wagon) that receives OEM from Suzuki. NV100 Clipper (=Every) is installed in some grades. See Suzuki's "Radar Brake Support" below.
Intelligent emergency brake
(Stereo camera)
Stereo cameraNV100 Clipper Rio (3rd generation, partially improved model in July 2019)
NV100 Clipper (3rd generation, partially improved model in July 2019)
NT100 clipper(2nd generation, partially improved model in September 2019)
Standard equipment on the NV100 Clipper Rio (=Every Wagon) that receives OEM from Suzuki. NV100 Clipper (=Every) and NT100 Clipper (=Carry) are installed in some grades. See Suzuki's "Dual Camera Brake Support" below.
Atlas Diesel / Atlas 1.5t Class(4nd generation)Atlas 1.5t class (=) receiving OEM from IsuzuElf 1.5t product).See the Isuzu Motors section below.
Full Super Low (= Elf 1.5t product Full Flat Low) was not initially installed, but it is standard equipment from some improved models in April 2021.
Until the March 2021 model, unlike the elf 3t product, it was possible to make it equipment-less as an option.
Atlas 2t class (6th generation)Installed in Atlas 2t class (= elf 2t-3.5t product) that receives OEM from Isuzu.See the Isuzu Motors section below.
Intelligent emergency brake
(Millimeter wave radar)
Millimeter wave radarNV350 caravan (since a minor change in January 2016)Initially, it was a manufacturer option for some grades, but later it was standard equipment on all models. Optional equipment can be omitted.
NT450 Atlas (5th generation, after minor change in July 2019)NT450 Atlas receiving OEM from Mitsubishi Fuso Truck and Bus (=Canter) Mounted. See Mitsubishi Fuso Truck and Bus below.
Honda Motor Co., Ltd.
CMBS
(Rear impact reduction brake)
Millimeter wave radarRefer to the sectionInstalled in 2003. Brakes autonomously to reduce the impact and damage caused by collisions. Do not stop the collision by automatic stop.
CMBS
(Collision mitigation brake)
Millimeter wave radarRefer to the sectionInstalled in 2013. From this model, automatic stop at low speed is added, and collision avoidance is also possible.Automatic stopreference)[65].
It operates at about 5 km/h or more, and warns when there is a risk of collision, and autonomously applies strong brakes in an emergency to avoid collision and reduce damage. Depending on the model, equipped with a monocular cameraHiDSWill be provided asHonda SENSINGUnlike pedestrians, it basically does not handle pedestrians.
CMBS
(Honda SENSING)
Millimeter wave radar and cameraRefer to the sectionStarting in 2015, the safe driving support system including the new CMBS has been installed as "Honda SENSING".
It operates at about 5 km/h or more, detects vehicles and pedestrians, and warns if there is a risk of collision.
In an emergency, autonomously apply strong brakes to avoid collisions and reduce damage.
The functions included in Honda SENSING differ depending on the model, but CMBS is the same for all models[66].
City brake active systemInfrared laserFit (3rd generation / before June 2017 minor change)
N-WGN
N-BOX (first generation, after minor change in December 2013)
N-ONE (since a minor change in May 2014)
S660
Wezel (before some improvements in February 2016)
Grace (Before minor change in July 2017)
Shuttle (before partial improvement in September 2017)
CR-Z (since August 2015 minor change)
Warning when there is a danger of collision while driving at 5 to 30 km/h, and autonomously apply strong brakes in an emergency to avoid collision and reduce damage.
Japanese sea bass
Pre-crash safety system (PRECRS)Millimeter wave radarKizashiAutonomous braking reduces collision speed and damage.
Radar brake supportInfrared radarWagon R (5th generation/early model (vehicles with radar brake support))
Spacia (first generation, early model)
Hustler
Alto (8th generation, before partial improvement in December 2018)
Altrapan (3rd generation, before partial improvement in June 2019)
EVERY (6th generation, before partial improvement in June 2019)
Every Wagon (3rd generation, before partial improvement in June 2019)
When traveling at 5 to 30 km/h, when the risk of collision is high, the brakes operate autonomously to avoid the risk of a rear-end collision or reduce the damage of a collision.
Radar brake support IIMillimeter wave radarSolio (3rd generation (vehicle with radar brake support II))
Escudo (4th generation, before partial improvement in December 2018)
Vareno
In the range of 5 to 100 km/h, and in the range of 5 to 80 km/h for a stopped vehicle, when the car ahead is in motion, the buzzer and the display in the meter encourage braking.
When emergency braking is performed when the possibility of collision is high, the speed of collision is reduced by brake assist. When driving at 5 to 30 km/h, the brake operates autonomously to avoid the risk of a rear-end collision or reduce the damage of a collision.
Dual camera brake supportStereo cameraSpacia (first / late model, second generation / partially improved model in August 2)
Solio (4th generation (vehicles with dual camera brake support))
Hustler (after some improved models in December 2015)
Ignis (vehicles with safety package)
EVERY (6th generation, after partial improvement in June 2019)
Every Wagon (3rd generation, after partial improvement in June 2019)
Carry(11th generation/After some improvements in September 2019)
In the range of 5 to 100km/h, when there is a car ahead, the buzzer and the display in the meter encourage braking.
When emergency braking is performed when the possibility of collision is high, the speed of collision is reduced by brake assist. When driving at less than 5 to 50 km/h (less than 5 to 30 km/h for pedestrians), the brakes operate autonomously to avoid the risk of rear-end collision or reduce the damage of collision.
The new stereo camera has been added to the new version of the Solio (fourth generation/late model) announced in July 2018, and can detect pedestrians at night.
Hustler is equipped only with some grades of the first partially improved model. The 2nd generation is standard setting except for "HYBRID G Suzuki without safety support".
Dual sensor brake supportInfrared radar and cameraAlto (8th generation, after December 2018 partially improved model)
Altrapan (3rd generation, after June 2019 partially improved model)
Escudo (4th generation / after some improvements in December 2018)
Crosby
Swift (4th generation (vehicles with safety package))
Jimny (4th generation)
Spacia (2nd generation, before August 2020 partially improved model)
Wagon R (6th generation (vehicles with safety package))
Wagon R Smile
In the range of 15 to 100 km/h (for pedestrians, the range of 15 to 60 km/h), when there is a car or pedestrian ahead, the buzzer and the display in the meter encourage braking.
When emergency braking is performed when the possibility of collision is high, the speed of collision is reduced by brake assist. When driving at 5 to 100 km/h (5 to 100 km/h for pedestrians), the damage reduction brake operates to avoid the risk of a rear-end collision or reduce the damage of a collision.
SUBARU
EyeSight (ver.2)(Eye sight)Stereo cameraRefer to the sectionWhen the relative speed is less than approximately 30km/h, autonomous braking will avoid collisions and reduce collision damage.
When the relative speed exceeds about 30km/h, we will reduce the damage by collision by decelerating by autonomous braking.
EyeSight (ver.3)Stereo cameraRefer to the sectionWhen the speed difference of the vehicle ahead is about 50km/h or less (about 35km/h or less for pedestrians), autonomous braking is used to avoid collision and reduce collision damage.
After stopping by the autonomous brake, the stopped state is maintained by the electric parking brake except for some models.
Tomar Radar (official name Smart Assist)Infrared laserRefer to the sectionInstalled in vehicle models (some grades) that receive OEM from Daihatsu. See the item of Daihatsu above.
Smart Assist IIInfrared laser and cameraRefer to the sectionInstalled in vehicle models (some grades) that receive OEM from Daihatsu. See the item of Daihatsu above.
Smart Assist IIIStereo cameraRefer to the sectionInstalled in vehicles that receive OEM from Daihatsu. See the item of Daihatsu above.
マ ツ ダ
Smart city brake support
(SCBS)
Infrared laserCX-5 (first generation)
Atenza (3rd generation)
Axela (3rd generation)
Demio (4th generation, before partial improvement in November 2017)
CX-3 (Before partial improvement in October 2016)
While driving at 4 to 30 km/h, the brakes are applied autonomously to support collision avoidance or reduce damage caused by collision.
Advanced Smart City Brake Support
(Advanced SCBS)
カメラAxela (3rd generation/late model)
Atenza /MAZDA6(3rd generation/medium-term type (after partial improvement in August 2016))
MAZDA3(First generation)
Demio /MAZDA2(4th generation (after partial improvement in November 2017))
CX-3 (After partial improvement in October 2016)
CX-30
CX-5 (2nd generation)
CX-8
Roadster(4th generation / after partial improvement in June 2018)
While driving at less than 4 to 80 km/h (less than 10 to 80 km/h for pedestrians), autonomously brake to support collision avoidance or reduce damage caused by collision.
Smart brake support
(SBS)
Millimeter wave radarAtenza (3rd generation)
Axela (3rd generation/early model (after partial improvement in August 2014))
MAZDA3 (first generation)
Demio (4th generation (partially improved in October 2016))
CX-3
CX-30
CX-5 (first generation/late type (after partial improvement in November 2014))
CX-8
At 15 km/h or higher, brakes will be applied autonomously to reduce damage caused by collisions.
Atenza has collectively called advanced safety technologies such as SCBS and SBS as ``i-ACTIVSENSE''.In combination with SCBS, avoidance of collision/reduction of collision damage at 4 to 30 km/h, deceleration at 30 km/h or more It’s possible to reduce collision damage.[67],
Some of the models released after the Atenza (third generation/late model) announced in July 2016 have improved functions and performance by using a camera (advanced SCBS) and millimeter wave radar (SBS) together.
Emergency brakeカメラFamilia Van (9th generation late model (partly improved model in February 2017))Familia Avan (= OEM from Nissan)Nissan AD) As standard equipment. See Nissan section above.
Pre-crash safety systemInfrared laser and cameraFamilia Van (10th generation)Familia Avan (= OEM to receive from ToyotaProfessional box-Succeed) As standard equipment. See the above Toyota "Toyota Safety Sense" section.
Millimeter wave radar and cameraBongo Broni Van (3rd generation)Bongo Brawny Van (= OEM received from ToyotaHiace van-Regius Ace Van) As standard equipment. See the above Toyota "Toyota Safety Sense" section.
Smart assist
(Next generation)
Stereo cameraBongo (5th generation)Bongo receiving OEM from Daihatsu (=Grand Max) Is standard equipment. See the Daihatsu section above.
Pre-crash brakeTitan (6th generation, partially improved model in August 2019)Titan receiving OEM from Isuzu (=Elf) Is standard equipment.See the Isuzu section below.
Initially, it was not installed in some models, but it will be standard equipment on all models from the partially improved model in April 2021.
Until the March 2021 model, unlike the elf, it was possible to make it equipment-less as an option.
Radar brake supportInfrared laserFlare(First generation/early model, equipped with radar brake support)
Flair wagon (2nd generation/early model)
Flare crossover
Carol (7th generation, before partial improvement in December 2018)
Scrum (5th generation, before partial improvement in July 2019)
Scrum Wagon (3rd generation, before partial improvement in July 2019)
Flare (= Wagon R), Carol (= Alto), Scrum (= Every) that receives OEM from Suzuki are installed in some grades, Flare Wagon (= Spacia) and Flare Crossover (= Hustler), Scrum Wagon (= Every) Wagon) as standard equipment. See the item of Suzuki above.
Dual camera brake supportStereo cameraFlair wagon (second generation/late type)
Flare crossover (after some improved models in December 2015)
Scrum (5th generation / after partial improvement in July 2019)
Scrum Wagon (3rd generation, after partial improvement in July 2019)
Scrum truck (4th generation / after some improvements in September 2019)
The flare wagon (= Spacia) and the scrum wagon (= Everywagon) that receive OEM from Suzuki are standard equipment, flare crossover (= Hustler), Scrum (= Every), Scrum truck (= Carry) are installed in some grades. See Suzuki's section above.
Dual sensor brake supportInfrared radar and cameraFlare (2nd generation (vehicles with safety package))
Flair wagon (3rd generation)
Carol (7th generation / after some improvements in December 2018)
It is a manufacturer option on the flare (= Wagon R) that receives OEM from Suzuki, standard equipment on the flare wagon (= Spacia), installed on some grades of Carol (= Alto). See Suzuki's section above.
Mitsubishi Motors
Collision damage mitigation brake system (FCM)Millimeter wave radarOutlander (2nd generation/early to late model (before partially improved model in February 2017))The collision damage reduction braking system included in "e-Assist" can also be stopped at a relative speed of 30 km/h or less.
Collision damage mitigation brake system (FCM) (pedestrian detection type)Laser radar and cameraOutlander (second generation late model (after partially improved model in February 2))
Eclipse Cross
Delica D:5 (since February 2019 big minor change (diesel vehicles only))
In the range of 5 to 80 km/h (for pedestrians, the range of 5 to 65 km/h), when there is a car or pedestrian ahead, the buzzer and the display in the meter encourage braking.
When emergency braking is performed when the possibility of collision is high, the speed of collision is reduced by brake assist.
カメラeK wagon (3rd generation) (late model (partly improved model in May 2018))
eK space (late model (partly improved model in May 2018))
Installed in the eK Wagon (= Days) and eK Space (= Days Rooks), which are sister cars of the Nissan Days series. See Nissan's "Emergency Brake (Camera)" above.
Collision damage mitigation brake system (FCM)
(Stereo camera type)
Stereo cameraDelica D:2 (2nd generation)
Town Box (3rd generation, partially improved model in July 2019)
Mini cab van (8th generation, partially improved model in July 2019)
Mini cab truck (7th generation / after some improved models in September 2019)
Delica D:2 (=Sorio), which receives OEM from Suzuki, and standard equipment on the town box (=Every wagon). Minicab van (=Every) and minicab truck (=Carry) are installed in some grades. See Suzuki's "Dual Camera Brake Support" above.
Brake system for reducing collision damage at low vehicle speeds (FCM-City)Millimeter wave radarDelica D:2 (first model with FCM-City)Manufacturer's option for Delica D:2 (=Sorio), which receives OEM from Suzuki. See Suzuki's "Radar Brake Support II" above.
Infrared lasereK Wagon (3rd generation) (e-Assist equipped vehicle, partially improved model in October 2015 ~ late model / before partially improved model in May 10)
eK space (e-Assist equipped vehicle, partially improved model in April 2015 ~ late model / before partially improved model in May 4)
Mirage (6th generation, after minor changes in December 2015)
When traveling at 5 to 30 km/h, when the risk of collision is high, the brakes operate autonomously to avoid the risk of rear-end collision or reduce the damage of collision. The eK series was later standard equipment.
Town Box (3rd generation, before July 2019, partially improved model)
Mini cab van (8th generation, before some improved models in July 2019)
Standard equipment on the town box (=Every Wagon) that receives OEM from Suzuki. Mini cab van (=Every) is installed in some grades. See Suzuki's "Radar Brake Support" above.
UD Trucks
Traffic eye brakeMillimeter wave radarQuonNo setting for snowplows.
Pre-crash brakeMillimeter wave radar and cameraCondor (5th generation)Standard equipment on GVW 8t and GVW 11t vehicles of Condor (=forward) that receives OEM from Isuzu. GVW 7.5t car and GVW 14t car are manufacturer options. See the item for Isuzu Motors below.
Hino Motors
PCS (Pre-crash safety) [Collision damage reduction braking system]Millimeter wave radar and image sensorProfia
Selega (2nd generation, partially improved model in July 2010)
Ranger (6th generation, until July 2021 model)
Dutro (2nd generation, partially modified model from April 2016 to April 4 model)
Profia Selega Ranger is standard on all models, and Dutro is standard on all models except LPG models.
In addition to the vehicle detection function, Profia (3rd generation), Serega (2nd generation, partially improved model in July 2017), Ranger Dutro also have pedestrian detection function.
Profia (2nd generation, partially modified model after April 2014 and 4rd generation), Selega (after partially modified model in April 3), ranger driver monitor and vehicle flicker warning (ranger is driver monitor for some models) The vehicle wobbling alarm works in conjunction with the manufacturer's option) and operates depending on the driver's condition or the vehicle's wobbling condition.
PCS (pre-crash safety)Millimeter wave radar and image sensorRanger (6th generation, after August 2021 partially improved model)
Dutro (2nd generation, partially improved model in May 2020)
It also has daytime and nighttime pedestrian detection functions and daytime bicycle detection functions.
PCS (Pre-crash safety) [Collision damage reduction braking system]Millimeter wave radar and cameraLiesse II (2nd generation, partially improved model in June 2018)OEM from Toyota Liesse II (=coaster) Is installed in all grades.It was not initially set for infant cars, but it will be standard equipment from some improved models in January 2021.
See Toyota section above.
Isuzu Motors
Pre-crash brakeMillimeter wave radar and cameraGiga (Partially improved model since October 2007 and second model until November 10 model)
Forward (5th generation, from November 2015 partially improved model to December 11 model)
Initially, the Giga was set only for some models, but in November 2014, it was standard equipment on all models from the partially improved model.
フォワードはGVW8t車(210ps・240psエンジン搭載車)・GVW11t車に標準装備。GVW7.5t車・GVW8t車(190psエンジン搭載車)・GVW14t車・GVW16t車・GVW20t車はメーカーオプション。
Forward is full drive, no setting for CNG vehicles.
Pre-crash brakeMillimeter wave radar and cameraGiga (2nd generation, partially improved model in December 2019)
Forward (5th generation, after January 2021 partially improved model)
It also has a pedestrian/bicycle detection function.
Pre-crash brakeStereo cameraElf (6th generation, partially improved model in October 2018)It also has a pedestrian/bicycle detection function.
Initially, some models were either manufacturer options or not set, but in March 2021 they were standard equipment on all models from some improved models.
Collision damage reduction brake systemMillimeter wave radar and image sensorGala (2nd generation, partially improved model in August 2010)Installed on Gala (2nd generation), which is an integrated model with Hino and Selega. See the item of Hino above.
Pre-crash brakeMillimeter wave radarComo (2nd generation, partially improved model in July 2018)Como receiving OEM from Nissan (=NV350 Caravan Van DX) Mounted. See Nissan section above.
Mitsubishi Fuso Truck/Bus
AMB (collision damage reduction brake)Millimeter wave radarSuper Great (first generation)
Aero Queen (after some improved models in January 2013 to before some improved models in May 1)
Aero Ace (January 2013 partially improved model-May 1 partially improved model)
Active Brake Assist 4 (ABA4)/AMB PlusMillimeter wave radarSuper Great (2nd generation, up to September 2019 model)The active brake assist 4 also has a pedestrian detection function.
Active Brake Assist 4 is installed on the pro line and premium line. AMB Plus is installed on the Eco Line.
Active brake assist 5 (ABA5)Millimeter wave radar and cameraSuper Great (2nd generation, partially improved model in October 2019)It also has a pedestrian detection function.
Active brake assist 3 (ABA3)Millimeter wave radarAero Queen (after some improved models in May 2017)
Aero Ace (after some improved models in May 2017)
Advanced Emergency Braking System (AEBS)Millimeter wave radarCanter (8th generation, partially improved model in August 2018)It also has a pedestrian detection function.
There is no setting for GVW7.5t super cars, all-drive cars, and hybrid cars.
NameSensorVehicle typeCommentary
Mercedes-Benz
CPA (Collision Warning System)Radar sensorA class
B class
CPA autonomously brakes to reduce collision damage and does not avoid collision, but only warns and assists the brakes.
CPA Plus (emergency braking function)CPA Plus, which is included in the "Safety Package", supports emergency braking autonomously at approximately 60% of maximum braking, helping to avoid collisions or reduce damage.
PRE-SAFE brakeRadar sensorE-class (4th generation, after minor change in November 2011)
S class
C class (3rd generation, after minor change in January 2013)
"Radar Safety Package[68]The PRE-SAFE brakes included in the section support damage mitigation brakes at 200 km/h or less and support collision avoidance at less than 30 km/h.
A minor change was made to the E-class on May 2013, 5, and the PRE-SAFE brake became a compound type of camera and radar, strengthening the pedestrian detection ability, which was previously weak.
Radar sensor and cameraE-class (4th generation, after minor change in November 2013)
S class (6th generation)
C class (4th generation)
BMW (MINI)
Front vehicle approach warning function (with collision damage reduction brake)Radar sensor3 series
5 series
6 series(All before minor changes in August 2013)
The collision damage reduction brake reduces the damage by applying a slight brake and automatically decelerating when there is a risk of collision.
Collision avoidance/damage reduction brakeカメラミ ニ
2 series active tourer
3 series
Brakes autonomously to avoid collisions or reduce damage.
Radar sensor and camera1 series(F20 / F40) August 2013-optional, May 8-standard equipment except for the original 2015
3 series
5 series
7 series
Collision avoidance/damage reduction brake (with accident avoidance assist)Radar sensor and camera or stereo camera5 series (G30/G31)
7 series (G11/G12)
8 series(G14 / G15)
When the driver determines that the collision cannot be avoided by the brakes and the avoidance operation by the steering is started, the system determines the surrounding condition and also intervenes in the steering operation force.
Radar sensor and trinocular camera3 series (G20)

5 Series (G30 / G31) September 2020 Minor change ~

7 Series (G11 / G12) September 2019 Minor change ~

8 series(G14 / G15) May 2019 Minor change ~

X5(G05)

X7(G07)

If the driver determines that the brakes cannot avoid the collision and enters the steering avoidance action, the system determines the surrounding conditions and intervenes in the steering force. Pedestrian detection performance is improved by using a three-lens camera
Volvo
Intelli SafeInfrared laser, millimeter wave radar, cameraVolvo/All modelsOperates when the speed is 200 km/h or less.

Collision avoidance is possible with autonomous braking if the vehicle is 60km/h or less, the pedestrian is 45km/h or less, and the bicycle is 50km/h or less.

With large animals, it supports collision avoidance with acceleration of up to -0.3G.

It is equipped with a function (intersection support) that monitors the movement of oncoming vehicles when turning right (or turning left if you are driving on the right) at an intersection and detects the danger of a collision and activates the autonomous brakes.

When a radar mounted behind the vehicle detects a sudden approach of a following vehicle, the hazard lamp blinks earlier than usual to give a warning to the following vehicle, and if the danger of a rear-end collision is imminent, the seat belt will be tightened and the risk of whiplash will occur. It is equipped with a function to prevent the secondary damage caused by a collision accident (automatic brake function at rest and warning function at the time of a rear-end collision), which reduces brakes and activates the brakes to the maximum when the vehicle is stopped. ..

For the first time in the world, a damage reduction brake that stops completely, a damage reduction brake that detects pedestrians, a damage reduction brake that detects two-wheeled vehicles, an intersection support, and a damage reduction brake that detects large animals are installed.[69].. For the first time in the world, all vehicles were equipped with standard equipment such as damage reduction brakes. It has the only perfect score in the damage mitigation brake test conducted by EURO NCAP.

Volkswagen
City emergency brakesRadar sensorCC
up!
Golf (7th generation)
Operates at less than 30km/h. Avoid autonomous collisions and reduce collision damage with autonomous braking.
Front AssistMillimeter wave radarGolf (7th generation)
Polo (5th generation late model)
Passat
It operates in all speed ranges and autonomously slows down with brakes to reduce collision damage. When the speed is less than 5 to 30 km/h, the city emergency brake operates to avoid collisions and reduce collision damage.
Pedestrian detection was added from the golf (2017th generation) which was minorly changed in May 5. The pedestrian detection function is activated while traveling less than 7 to 5 km.
Fiat
City brake controlInfrared laser sensorPanda 4x4When there is a possibility of a rear-end collision while traveling at less than 30km/h, the brakes are activated autonomously to support the rear-end collision avoidance and the impact reduction during the rear-end collision.
Frontal collision warning (with crash mitigation)Laser sensor and camera500XWhen there is a possibility of a rear-end collision during driving, the brakes are operated autonomously to support the rear-end collision avoidance and the impact reduction during the rear-end collision.
Alfa romeo
Automatic emergency brake with frontal collision warningMillimeter wave radar and cameraJulia
Stelvio
Operates when the speed is 200 km/h or less. For pedestrians, if the speed is less than 50 km/h (Stelvio is less than 65 km/h), you can avoid the collision by autonomous braking.
Peugeot citroen (DS Automobile)
Active city brakesInfrared laser sensorDS3, 208 (A9)When there is a possibility of a rear-end collision while traveling at less than 30km/h, the autonomous brake is activated to support the rear-end collision avoidance and the impact reduction during the rear-end collision.
Emergency brake support308 (T7), 308 (T9 first half)The operating speed is from 10 km and the corresponding object is a vehicle running in front, deceleration of up to about 20 km
Active safety brake208 (P21 STYLE)Operating range is about 5-80km / h or less (motorcycle, no night detection function)
308 (Late T9), 3008 (P84)The operating range is about 5 to 140 km / h.At about 80km / h or less, stopped vehicles are detected, and at about 60km / h or less, pedestrians are also detected to avoid dangers such as rear-end collisions, or to reduce the damage of collisions.
Active Safety Brake II208 (excluding P21 STYLE), 2008 (P24), 508 (R8), 5008 (P87)The operating range is about 5 to 140 km / h.At about 80km / h or less, stopped vehicles are detected, and at about 60km / h or less, pedestrians are also detected to avoid dangers such as rear-end collisions, or to reduce the damage of collisions.By improving the accuracy of the detection camera, we are also improving the detection capability of motorcycles and night driving. 
Renault
Active emergency brakeCamera in the upper center of the windshield and radar sensor in the front bumperLutecia (released in November 2020 (Reiwa 2))Detects the possibility of collision with vehicles in front, pedestrians, and bicycles, and warns with alarm sounds and indicator lights.When the risk of collision increases, the driver's braking operation is supported, and support is provided to reduce damage and impact in the event of a collision. (Detection target: Vehicle traveling in the same direction ahead <when ​​traveling at approximately 7 to 170 km / h> / stationary vehicle, pedestrian, bicycle <when ​​traveling at approximately 7 to 80 km / h>)
General Motors
Automatic brakeradarATSBraking autonomously not only when moving forward but also when moving backward[70].
Ford motor
Active city stopInfrared laser sensorfocus
Cougar
Fiesta
When it senses the risk of a rear-end collision with a vehicle in front when driving at low speeds of 30km or less, it automatically brakes and avoids the rear-end collision, or reduces collision damage.
ジ ー プ
Frontal collision warning (with crash mitigation)Laser sensor and cameraRenegade
Compass (2nd generation)
Grand cherokee
When it senses the risk of a rear-end collision with the vehicle in front, it brakes autonomously to avoid the rear-end collision or reduce the collision damage.
Frontal collision warning (with crash mitigation and pedestrian detection function)Laser sensor and cameraCherokee (5th generation 2019 model)When it senses the risk of a rear-end collision with a vehicle or a pedestrian in front, it autonomously brakes to avoid the rear-end collision or reduce the collision damage.

footnote

[How to use footnotes]
  1. ^ "Practical ASV technology". Automotive comprehensive safety information. Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism. 2017/1/31Browse.
  2. ^ "Domestic automobile manufacturer establishes "safety" brand backed by electronic technology". ELECTRO TO AUTO FORUM. Techno Associates (2008). As of February 2015, 2オ リ ジ ナ ル[Broken link]More archives.
  3. ^ "Development of a new pre-crash safety system that operates according to the driver's condition". News ReleaseToyota Motor Corporation (September 2005, 9). As of March 6, 2016オ リ ジ ナ ル[Broken link]More archives.2017/1/31Browse.
  4. ^ "Inspire is fully remodeled and released". Press InformationHonda (June 2003, 6). 2017/1/31Browse.
  5. ^ "Pre-crash safety Q & A". Subaru spiritFuji Heavy Industries. As of August 2010, 8オ リ ジ ナ ル[Broken link]More archives.
  6. ^ "Brake assist". Automotive comprehensive safety information. Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism. 2020/10/18Browse.
  7. ^ "Do not use automatic braking or overconfidence.". Nihon Keizai Shimbun, morning edition, page 36 Publication date = 2018-09-19 . 2020/10/18Browse.
  8. ^ webCG Seki (June 2009, 6). “Volvo introduces new safety technology in Japan". Car news.webCG. 2017/1/31Browse.
  9. ^ [1][2]
  10. ^ Masumi Usui (April 2010, 4). “Why it was unlikely that "automatic stop" Fuji Heavy realized the installation". inside Enterprise. Diamond Company. 2017/1/31Browse.
  11. ^ We've come this far! The latest trends in automobile safety technologyPrice.com
  12. ^ "Crash-free cars" become popularJapanese Electronics November 2012, 11
  13. ^ Fumitada Takahashi (November 2013, 11). “[Car] Automatic braking accident, technical ability to "transmit"". Nikkei Technology Online. Nikkei BP. 2017/1/31Browse.
  14. ^ "The reason why the "Subaru overwhelming victory, Honda defeats" the automatic brake safety assessment made so much difference". Sankei News: p. 3. (September 2014, 12). http://www.sankei.com/premium/news/141129/prm1411290002-n3.html 2017/1/31Browse. 
  15. ^ Subaru Eye Sight upgrades quickly in North America?clicccar.com September 2014, 9
  16. ^ No. 3965067, No. 5042496, No. 5127182
  17. ^ Toyota released a collision damage reduction brake that can be automatically stopped in 2012 (24),Lexus LSOther than the above, the ability to stop automatically was low, and he was reluctant to stop automatically.
  18. ^ "●Toyota thinks that a collision-free car" requires careful judgment. However, there is a major premise that the driver should press the brake, so a notification to get the driver to press the brake, so-called “Alerts are very important” (Mr. Inagaki)”, “It is true that there are many expressions that “do not collide”, but that does not distract from the trend, and Toyota's safety philosophy has spread PCS firmly. "(Mr. Inagaki)", "A word to the assessment of NASVA. According to what I heard leaking out, cutting out only some performance of AEBS, such as "Can stop completely from several kilometers per hour, I can not stop" It is often said that it should be digitized, but displaying only this number may result in distorted information transmission. (Quoted from Kodansha's "Best Car October 2013, 10 issue" 26p-168p)
  19. ^ Toyoki Nakanishi; Yumiko Oshima (November 2014, 11). "Auto-brake, Toyota is on the rise in all models in Japan, US and Europe". Nihon Keizai Shimbun. http://www.nikkei.com/article/DGXLASDZ26H52_W4A121C1TJ1000/ 2017/1/31Browse. 
  20. ^ [Toyota's safety technology] High score expected in JNCAP preventive safety assessment... "Toyota Safety Sense"Response November 2014, 11
  21. ^ Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism ASV technology diffusion survey (PDF)
  22. ^ CarWatch Try a "collision damage reduction brake" for large buses and passenger cars
  23. ^ "Injury at automatic braking test ride". NHK NEWS WEB (February 2018, 10). As of February 4, 2013オ リ ジ ナ ル[Broken link]More archives.2013/11/11Browse.
  24. ^ “Obligation to install automatic brakes, 40 countries have agreed to UN announcement”. Nihon Keizai Shimbun(July 2019, 2). https://www.nikkei.com/article/DGXMZO41197100T10C19A2000000/ 2019/2/13Browse. 
  25. ^ "Automatic braking of new model cars, mandatory in November 21 For accident measures”(Japanese). Nikkei newspaper electronic version. 2019/12/18Browse.
  26. ^ Toyoki Nakanishi (March 2016, 3). "Announcement of installation of automatic brakes on all vehicle models, US authorities, 22 companies by 20". Nihon Keizai Shimbun. http://www.nikkei.com/article/DGXLASFK17H5D_X10C16A3000000/ 2017/1/31Browse. 
  27. ^ Equipped with automatic braking, all car models... XNUMX major US companies Yomiuri Shimbun
  28. ^ Regarding the review of automobile body taxation, November 23, 11 Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism
  29. ^ Tax incentive to introduce collision damage reduction brakes for large trucks 2011/12/14 eJAFMATE
  30. ^ Partial amendment of "Notice to define details of safety standards for road transport vehicles" regarding international harmonization of automobile standards, mutual recognition of certification, etc. (PDF)
  31. ^ Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport March 2012, 3:We are the first in the world to develop technical standards for collision damage reduction brakes!,March 2012, 3 Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism Automotive Bureau Technical Policy Division Document (PDF) ,Partial amendments such as "Notification to define details of safety standards for road vehicles" (PDF)
  32. ^ Yomiuri Shimbun March 2012, 3 13th edition, 13 pages
  33. ^ Logistics Weekly
  34. ^ carlifenews Tax reduction for buses equipped with automatic brakes
  35. ^ The clicccar bus has been decided to require a collision damage reduction brake. From November 26, 11.
  36. ^ “Automatic braking for 14 years, new bus with over 12 tons”. Nihon Keizai Shimbun(July 2012, 11). http://www.nikkei.com/article/DGXNASDG0103T_R01C12A1CR8000/ 2017/1/31Browse. 
  37. ^ "We will introduce international standards for collision damage mitigation brakes for passenger cars, etc., and make it mandatory for new cars. -Regarding partial revision of notifications, etc. that stipulate the details of safety standards for road transport vehicles-". Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism. Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism. 2020/10/18Browse.
  38. ^ "Autonomous Emergency Braking-AEB”(English). EURO NCAP. As of February 2015, 2オ リ ジ ナ ル[Broken link]More archives.
  39. ^ WIRED EU to require automatic braking for all new cars
  40. ^ IIHS IIHS safety awards
  41. ^ Response From vehicle assessment to damage reduction brake testing and evaluation NASVA from next year
  42. ^ TV Tokyo World Business Satellite 2012/10/17 Broadcast content
  43. ^ bodyshopmag.com Autonomous Emergency Braking lowers insurance ratings
  44. ^ Toyo Keizai ONLINE 10% discount for automobile insurance and advanced safety technology vehicles
  45. ^ Issues in reflecting the risk reduction effect of ASV technology in automobile insurance (PDF) -Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism (/read January 2016, 1)
  46. ^ MONOist Cancellation of insurance discount for "Crash-free cars" required approval by the Financial Services Agency
  47. ^ “Effective verification of automatic braking, due to rapid spread by MLIT”. Nikkei newspaper electronic version(July 2015, 7). http://www.nikkei.com/article/DGXLZO89418750X10C15A7CR8000/ 2017/1/31Browse. Verification of the effect of automatic braking
  48. ^ Mazda car automatic brake test ride accident Accident inspection of XNUMX peopleAsahi Shimbun DIGITAL July 2014, 7
  49. ^ "No abnormality in automatic braking" test ride accident, Mazda announcedAsahi Shimbun DIGITAL July 2013, 12
  50. ^ UD truck squaon, automatic brake only mysterious malfunction in Hanshin Expressway Wangan line... To investigate the causeResponse March 2016, 3
  51. ^ About front obstacle collision mitigation control device (traffic eye brake system)UD Trucks July 2016, 7
  52. ^ Accident due to assumption of automatic braking "Be patient" TV Asahi News April 2017, 4
  53. ^ Collision without automatic brake operation First accident nationwide Instructed test passengers to "step on it" YAHOO JAPAN News April 2017, 4
  54. ^ Notice of large-scale bus service campaignHino Motors February 2019, 2
  55. ^ About Isuzu Gala service campaignIsuzu Motors February 2019, 2
  56. ^ Toyota Motor News Release
  57. ^ Hyundai Business Pre-crash safety system (latest model)
  58. ^ Hyundai Business Pre-crash safety system (conventional type)
  59. ^ IIHS 2014 Toyota Prius v Safety Evaluation
  60. ^ IIHS 2015 Toyota Prius v Safety Evaluation
  61. ^ NASVA Toyota Preventive Safety Assessment List
  62. ^ Toyota introduces Toyota Safety Sense, a preventive safety package aimed at widespread adoption, in 2015Toyota Motor Corporation November 2014, 11
  63. ^ LEXUS> Press Release> LEXUS Introduces Preventive Safety Package "Lexus Safety System +" Aiming for Popularization in 2015-Set on All Vehicles in Japan, North America and Europe by the End of 2017-Lexus November 2014, 11
  64. ^ "NISSAN / TECHNOLOGY / TOP / Vehicle-mounted technology / Multi-sensing system using front camera". 2019/12/11Browse.
  65. ^ CarWatch Honda, New Accord Hybrid Collision Mitigation Brake "Evolved CMBS" Experience
  66. ^ clicccar Honda Jade's "advanced safety technology" uses a sensor equivalent to legend
  67. ^ Akira Ozaki, Tomoma Saijo, Soichiro Fukui, Daisuke Shimizu "SBS/MRCC function/performance improvement (PDF) "Mazda Technical Report", Mazda Motor Corporation, 3-1 Shinchi, Fuchu-cho, Aki-gun, Hiroshima Prefecture, November 2012, pp. 11-161, ISSN 2186-3490,2017/1/31Browse.
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  70. ^ carview Cadillac ATS × Safety device GM Latest safety device is amazing

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