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✈ | ANA's "FLYING HONU" from Chitose to Narita with tour passengers


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ANA's "FLYING HONU" from Chitose to Narita with tour passengers

 
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Shimojishima

Shimojishima(Shimojishima[1], Shimojima[2]) IsMiyako Islands Of(I.e.It is one of.The whole islandOkinawaMiyakojima CityBelong to.

Overview

On the east side across a narrow waterwayIrabu IslandIt is adjacent to and is connected by 6 bridges.Also in 2015Irabu OhashiThrough Irabu Island due to openingMiyakojimaIt was also connected by land.2005 Before becoming part of Miyakojima City due to the merger with Irabu IslandMiyako-gunIrabu TownWas forming.

Public land (national / prefectural / municipal land) occupies about 98% of the area.[3], Only in JapanpilotBuilt as a training airportShimojishima AirportThere is.

Geography

Area 9.68km2[4], Around 17.5km[1], Population 95 (Basic Resident Registeraccording to. As of January 2019, 1)[5].

Uplifted coral reef islands, the entire islandQuaternaryPleistocenePorousRyukyu limestoneCovered with[6]..The shape is very flat, the altitude is up to 21.6 meters,

RiverThere is no.A narrow waterway with a width of 40-100m continues for about 3.5km to Irabu Island.Due to the narrow waterway, it looks like Irabu Island and one island in aerial photographs, but both islands are not connected to each other.There are 6 canals in this waterwaybridgeIs hung[7].

The south side of the island is a monotonous coast, and the west side is followed by steep sea cliffs.The north side is Shimojishima AirportRunwayProtrudes into the sea and is small to the east of the runway入 り 江It has become.Almost the entire area except Shimojishima Airport is designated as Irabu Prefectural Natural Park.[8].

History

"Korean dynasty memoirs』(Lee Dynasty record)Sejo8 years(1463 ) In the February article,MiyakojimaDrifted toKoreaThere is a record of the crew of the ship, and there is a description of "Toki Asako Island" that is compared to Shimoji Island, and it is said that the islanders of the five neighboring islands such as Miyako Island and Shimoji Island were coming and going with each other.[9].

In addition,Old RyukyuIt is said that there was Kidomari Village (Kimari Village) in Sawada on Irabu Island at that time, and the remains of the village remain.This village is between the old Ryukyus(I.e.It is said that it was destroyed in[Source required], "Mr. Iyasu Orthodox Genealogy"16st century OfJiajingThere is a description about the Kiya-nighter who is presumed to be a person around the year, and if this Kiya-night is a wooden night, it is thought that the village existed until that time.[9].

The early modern periodAt the beginning, it is said that the Irabu village's Iyasu surname Kuninaka bought two bulls and cows in Yaeyama and grazed them.[10],Later,(I.e. Ofpasturewas there.1767 In order for horses to survive the wind, rain and cold,AdanAnd trees are instructed to plant[11].1769 Sawada 矼 was built between Irabu Island and[12]But,1771 OfYaeyama earthquakePart of it was destroyed by the accompanying Meiwa tsunami.Because it is flat in this tsunami, it is a grazing landfieldIs submerged, horses and cows,sheepEtc. are drowning[13]..13 on ShimojishimalengthA large wave (about 40m) high hits the west bankObi rockEtc. are said to have been launched.However, recent research has shown thatSakishima Islands(Miyako Islands ・Yaeyama Islands) Has revealed that tsunamis occurred periodically, and there is a theory that the obi-iwa was moved by the earlier tsunami.

Transportation

Air route

Route

  • There are no ports on the island that have regular shipping routes.
  • Southeast entrance on the Irabu Island side of the waterway between Irabu Island (Wataguchi beach) In the vicinityNagayama PortThere is a Wataguchi area, which is mainly used by local small boats.[20][21].

道路

  • Okinawa Prefectural Road No. 90 Shimojishima Airport Sarahama Line
    • Starting from Shimojishima Airport on Shimojishima, cross Kuninaka Bridge and enter Irabu Island[22]..After that, cross Irabu Island to reach Sarahama, the end point located on the east coast.[23].
  • Okinawa Prefectural Road 252 Taira Shimojishima Airport Line
    • The end point is Shimojishima Airport on Shimojishima.Looking from the end point toward the start point, cross the east coast of Shimojishima from north to south, cross the Norise Bridge and enter Irabu Island.[22]..After that, proceed east along the south coast of Irabu Island, and continue to the center of Miyakojima, the starting point, via the Irabu Bridge.[23].
  • The waterway between Irabu Island is from the south (the beach side of Wataguchi) to the north (Sawada beachThe following bridges are built in the order of (side).Kuninaka Bridge and Norise Bridge are prefectural roads, and the others are part of city roads.[22].
    • Norisebashi(Nushihashi)- 1976 Bridged as part of the construction road in March with the construction of Shimojishima Airport.The name is named after the nearby Norise Utaki.Due to aging2009 Closed to traffic2013 Demolished in January[24]..After that, the replacement was done,2019 May 3The new bridge was put into service in[22][25][26][27].
    • Irabu Bridge ――Because of aging2005 It was closed from the road, but the current bridge2010 Completed in[28],2011 Opened to[29].
    • Nakaji Bridge - 1919 Crosslink[30]..The current bridge1981 Completed around[28].
    • Kuninaka Bridge - 1912 Crosslink[30]..The current bridge1983 Completion[31]..Prefectural road 90 bridge[22].
    • Taiko Bridge ――The current bridge is1997 Completion[28].
    • Nakayone Bridge ――The current bridge is1994 Completion[28].

Transportation

  • Airport shuttle bus- Miyako Kyoei BusAnd Chuo Kotsu operates an airport shuttle bus between Shimojishima Airport and Miyakojima.However, only Shimojishima Airport will stop on Shimojishima.
  • Regular route bus- Kyowa BusHowever, Irabu Island and Miyako IslandHirara PortThere is a regular bus service to and from the bus stop near each bridge on Irabu Island, and it takes about 10 minutes on foot to Shimojishima.
  • Taxi / Rental Car-At Shimojishima AirportCar rentalIs open[32]..You can also use taxis and rental cars that are open on Irabu Island and Miyako Island, which are connected by a bridge.

Sights/historic sites/tourist spots

Toriike Pond
Thermo KleinA fantastic pond that looks different in color depending on the age and has been handed down from ancient times.A natural stone bridge is built in the center, and although it seems to be divided into two, it is connected underwater and also leads to the sea.For this reason, it ’s perfect.divingKnown as a spot.country'sScenic spotas well as the Natural treasure..In the surrounding areaKarstThe topographical Karen felt is well developed.
Obi rock
1771 (MeiwaWoke up in 8 years)Yaeyama earthquakeOr a huge rock that is said to have been launched during the tsunami before that.The peoplebandIt is said that this name was given because it looks like it is tightening.Currently the center of worship on the island[33].
Shimojishima Airport
Known for the beauty of the surrounding sea[34].. Long time agoJet OfTouch and go(Takeoff and landing training) was being conducted, but since April 2014Ryukyu Air Commuter(RAC) andJapan Coast GuardOnly training for small aircraft such as[35]..Due to the opening of the new terminal, the surrounding roads will be closed to all vehicles from March 2019, 3 (traffic on foot is possible)[36].
Nakajima beach
SnorkelingSuitable beach[37][38]..Locally called Kayafa[39].

Works set in Shimojishima

  • Stratos Four --Set in a fictitious Shimojishima base modeled after Shimojishima AirportAnime.

footnote

[How to use footnotes]
  1. ^ a b "Island data (PDF)”. Okinawa Prefecture Planning Department Regional / Remote Island Division. October 2019th, 12Browse.
  2. ^ "Shimojishima". DOR39. Okinawa Prefecture Discover Okinawa Shima Tourism Promotion Project. October 2019th, 12Browse.
  3. ^ Okinawa Prefecture"Shimojishima Land Use Basic Plan (Second Revised)(Report), Okinawa Prefecture, March 2018.
  4. ^ "Island area (PDF)”. Geospatial Information Authority of Japan (October 2019, 7). October 2019th, 12Browse.
  5. ^ "Basic Resident Register by Island Population and Number of Households”. Okinawa Prefecture (December 2019, 9). October 2019th, 12Browse.
  6. ^ Adaniya "Miyakojima, an island with a huge limestone layer, and Yae-Kisedai Reef (PDF) "Bulletin of the Hirara City General Museum," No. 8, Hirara City General Museum, March 2001, pp. 3-143.
  7. ^ "Miyako area". Shimajima in Okinawa. Okinawa Prefecture Planning Department Area / Remote Island Division. October 2019th, 12Browse.
  8. ^ "Irabu Prefectural Natural Park”. Nature Conservation Division, Environment Department, Okinawa Prefecture (March 2019, 3). October 2019th, 12Browse.
  9. ^ a b Masaaki Yamamoto, Katsuyasu Taira, Hiroyo Yamada "Irabu / Shimojishima Kidomari Village Remains Survey Results Report"2011 Toyota Foundation Research Grant Adopted Program Comprehensive Research Results Report on Historical Transition of Administrative Disaster Prevention Measures, Systems, and Systems in Okinawa / Amami Islands Society," October 2013, pp. 10-21.
  10. ^ "Miyakojima Article"
  11. ^ "Yoseyama Master Miyakojima Scale Book"
  12. ^ "Mr. Shirakawa's tributary genealogy"
  13. ^ "Inquiry Form" Isa Family Document
  14. ^ “Shimojishima Airport Passenger Terminal Facility Opening Date Determined Jetstar Japan Narita = Shimojishima Route Opened” (Press Release), Mitsubishi Estate Co., Ltd., Shimojishima Airport Management Co., Ltd., Jetstar Japan Co., Ltd., Narita International Airport Co., Ltd., Okinawa Prefecture, Miyakojima City, Miyakojima Tourism Association, (October 2018, 10) Day), https://www.naa.jp/jp/pdf/20181015-shimojishima.pdf 
  15. ^ "Shimojishima-Narita flight to service" Terminal will open in March next year Miyakojima City, Okinawa Prefecture ". Ryukyu Shimpo(July 2018, 10). https://ryukyushimpo.jp/news/entry-819093.html 
  16. ^ "One-way 385 yen, limited sale from 3:7 pm Shimojishima-Kansai, Jetstar goes into service in July". Ryukyu Shimpo(July 2019, 3). https://ryukyushimpo.jp/news/entry-887930.html 
  17. ^ “Shimojishima-Regular LCC flights to Hong Kong, from July”. Nihon Keizai Shimbun(July 2019, 2). https://www.nikkei.com/article/DGXMZO41562440R20C19A2LX0000/ 
  18. ^ https://news.line.me/issue/oa-trafficnews/7pwb806d7jzx?utm_source=Twitter&utm_medium=share&utm_campaign=none
  19. ^ New routes will open on October 2020, 10! "Haneda-Miyako (Shimojishima) Line", "Kobe-Miyako (Shimojishima) Line", "Naha-Miyako (Shimojishima) Line" --Skymark (August 2020, 8) Retrieved August 19, 2021.
  20. ^ "Nagayama Port (PDF)". Okinawa Prefecture. October 2019th, 3Browse.
  21. ^ "Floating pier to start operation in April / between Irabu Island and Shimojima". Miyako Mainichi Newspaper(July 2015, 3). http://www.miyakomainichi.com/2015/03/73411/ October 2019th, 3Browse. 
  22. ^ a b c d e "Start of replacement work for Norisebashi / Irabu-Shimojishima". Miyako Mainichi Newspaper(July 2015, 3). http://www.miyakomainichi.com/2015/03/73549/ 
  23. ^ a b "29 jurisdiction business location Miyako civil engineering office jurisdiction map (PDF)”. Okinawa Prefectural Civil Engineering Department Miyako Civil Engineering Office. October 2019th, 12Browse.
  24. ^ "Business overview Road business (PDF)”. Okinawa Prefectural Civil Engineering Department Miyako Civil Engineering Office. As of April 2016, 4オ リ ジ ナ ルMore archives.October 2018th, 6Browse.
  25. ^ "Bridge installation work is in full swing" Norise Bridge connecting Irabu Island and Shimoji Island ". Miyako Mainichi Newspaper(July 2017, 6). http://www.miyakomainichi.com/2017/06/100035/ 
  26. ^ "New year budget over 14 billion yen / Miyako Civil Engineering Office Main business is Shimojishima Airport Line / Irabu Norisebashi, continuous maintenance". Miyako Mainichi Newspaper(July 2018, 5). http://www.miyakomainichi.com/2018/05/108968/ 
  27. ^ "Norisebashi 16th service start / Irabu Island-Shimojishima". Miyako Mainichi Newspaper(July 2019, 3). http://www.miyakomainichi.com/2019/03/117581/ 
  28. ^ a b c d Bridge inspection results (PDF) Miyakojima City
  29. ^ Irabu Bridge to resume traffic for the first time in 6 years Upper construction Miyako Shinpo, January 2010, 6
  30. ^ a b Miyako Mainichi Newspaper
  31. ^ Shimajima quiz Knowledge / Travel / Housing Remote Island Comprehensive Information Site Okinawa Shimajima
  32. ^ "Three brands to open at Shimojishima Airport and rental car counters have been decided". FlyTeam(July 2019, 2). https://flyteam.jp/news/article/105865 
  33. ^ Historic Sites 1-25 | Sightseeing / Event Information Miyakojima City
  34. ^ Irabu Island / Shimojishima Special Feature Coast around Shimojishima Airport Churashima Monogatari (Japan Transocean Air)
  35. ^ This month's touch-and-go (training plan) Okinawa Prefectural Civil Engineering Construction Department, March 2014, 3
  36. ^ "Closed from 23rd next month Passage around the runway on Shimojishima / Ahead of opening". Miyako Mainichi Newspaper(July 2019, 2). http://www.miyakomainichi.com/2019/02/117066/ 
  37. ^ Beach special feature Nakanoshima Churashima Monogatari (Japan Transocean Air)
  38. ^ Irabu Island / Shimojishima Special Feature Nakajima Coast Churashima Monogatari (Japan Transocean Air)
  39. ^ "Coral reef conservation model project / Let's protect the sea together". Miyako Mainichi Shimbun(July 2009, 12). http://www.miyakomainichi.com/2009/12/2668/ 

References

  • Japanese historical place name system (online version) Shogakukan ("Japanese historical place name system" Heibonsha, database based on 1979-2002)

Related item

外部 リンク

  • Shimojishima --DOR39 (Okinawa 39 remote island tourist information site)
  • Shimojishima --Okinawa Story (Okinawa Tourism Convention Bureau)
  • Shimojishima --Ritohaku (Okinawa Tourism Convention Bureau)



 

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