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🚗 | Kawasaki Meguro K3, History of Large Displacement Brand [Photo History]


Photo 2021, Kawasaki Meguro K3 (front)

Kawasaki Meguro K3, History of Large Displacement Brands [Photo History]

 
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Kawasaki has strengthened its advantage in the large displacement market, and at the same time has taken over the "Meguro" brand.
 

Since 1924, he has been proclaiming "high performance" and "high quality" with "large displacement", and once attracted the admiration of riders. → Continue reading

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Tuna

Camera-photo Upload.svgImage request: Images in general, cryingImage providedplease.(2009/10)

Tuna(Meguro[2],Apalopteron familiare) IsSparrowWhite-eye familyClassified in the genus Megurobirds..This species alone forms the genus Meguro.

distributed

Japan(Hahajima,Sejima)[2][3]Endemic species[4][5][6][7].

Type specimenProduction area (type production area)Ogasawara Islands(Bonin Islands), but the authorHeinrich von Kitlitz(Heinrich von Kittlitz) visitedChichijimaTherefore, it is thought that it was described based on an individual from Chichijima.[7].

Extinct distribution area

  • A. f. familiare Mukojima white-eye

Japan (Chichijima,Medium island,Mukojima)[2][3][4]

form

Overall length 14 cm[2][4][5][6]..The upper surface is dark green or tan, and the face and lower swan maiden are yellow.[4][5][6][7]..The feather coat on the side of the body is greenish brown[6]..Genus nameApalopteronMeans "soft feathers"[2]..The feather coat on the face is yellow, and the forehead has black spots in the shape of the letter "T".[2][4][6]..The area around the eyes is covered with white feathers (eye rings)[2], The eye ring is interrupted without being connected before and after the eye[6]..In addition, there is a triangular black spot around it.[6], Is the origin of the Japanese name[2][4]..The tail feathers and wings are grayish black, and the tail feathers, rain cover, and outer edges (feather edges) of the wind feathers are yellowish green.[6].

Egg shell is blue with brown spots[4][7].

  • A. f. hahasima Hahajima Meguro

Slightly large and deep yellow[7].

Sort

PreviouslyBulbul family[4], Honeyeater from the morphology and ecology of the tongue[2][3]It was also included in.HoweverMitochondria OfRibosome RNA OfMolecular phylogenyIt is presumed to be included in the white-eye family from the analysis, and the closely related species in the white-eye family areScutellaria baicalensisEstimated to be[8][9].

  • Apalopteron familiare hahasima Yamashina, 1930 Hahajima Meguro

Extinct subspecies

  • Apalopteron familiare familiare (Kittlitz, 1831) Mukojima white-eye

Ecology

Evergreen broad-leaved forest,Secondary forestInhabit[3][4][6]..They live in pairs, but sometimes form a flock in winter.[4].

Eating habitOmnivorousso,昆虫,ク モ,fruit(Banyan,Papaya),pollenEat etc.[2][3][5]..The English name honeyeater comes from eating pollen[2]..Foraging on trees and on the surface[5]..Insects roam the floor, hang on the tree and prey on what is behind the leaves, catch what is in the gaps in the trunk of the tree with their tongue, and pry open the leucaena sheath with a beak to prey inside. Prey[3].

The breeding form is oviparous. In April-June, a bowl-shaped nest that combines fibers such as Pandanus boninensis, feathers, and animal hair is formed on a tree at a height of 4-6 meters above the ground, and 1-10 eggs are laid at one time.[4][5][7]..Incubate by alternating sex, incubation period is 10-14 days[5].

Relationship with human

The number of habitats is decreasing due to habitat destruction due to development.[3][7]..The basic subspecies Mukojima white-eye1930 It is believed to have become extinct, with no definite findings since then.[7].1969 In the countryNatural treasure,1977 A special natural monument, a subspecies Hahajimamegro1993 ToSeed preservation methodWith enforcementDomestic rare wild animal and plant speciesIs specified in[3].1969 The population on Hahajima is estimated to be 3,000-4,000.[3][7].

  • A. f. familiare Mukojima white-eye

extinction(Ministry of the Environment Red List)[7]

Status jenv EX.svg
  • A. f. hahasima Hahajima Meguro

Endangered IBs (EN)(Ministry of the Environment Red List)[7]

Status jenv EN.svg

footnote

[How to use footnotes]
  1. ^ "Apalopteron familiare (Bonin White-eye)”. International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources .. NovemberBrowse.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Naoya Abe "Yamaki Name Picture Book Wild Bird Name",Mountains and valleys,2008 , 319.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i Mutsuo Kato, Makoto Numata, Kagetaka Watanabe, Masanori Hata, "Natural Monuments of Japan",Kodansha,1995 , 679.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Hideo Obara, Masanori Uramoto, Hidetoshi Ota, Masafumi Matsui, "Animal World Heritage Red Data Animals 1 Eurasia, North America",Kodansha,2000 , 104, 206 pages.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g Nagahisa KurodaSupervised CM Perins, ALA Middleton ed. "Animal Encyclopedia 9 Birds III",平凡 社,1986 , Pages 158-159.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i Hirozo Maki, Toshikazu Onishi "Japanese Wild Birds 590",平凡 社, 2000, 540 pages.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Endangered Species Information (Animal) -Mukojima White-eye-”. Biodiversity Center, Natural Environment Bureau, Ministry of the Environment. As of May 2013, 5オ リ ジ ナ ルMore archives.NovemberBrowse., "Endangered Species Information (Animal) -Hahajima Meguro-”. Biodiversity Center, Natural Environment Bureau, Ministry of the Environment. As of May 2013, 5オ リ ジ ナ ルMore archives.NovemberBrowse.
  8. ^ Mark S. Springer; Hiroyoshi Higuchi, Keisuke Ueda, Jason Minton, Charles G. Sibley (1995). “Molecular biological evidence that white-eye is a species of white-eye”. Yamashina Institute for Ornithology Research Report (Yamashina Institute for Ornithology) 27 (2): 66-77. two:10.3312 / jyio1952.27.66. 
  9. ^ "The last endemic species of Ogasawara with black and white". National geographicJapanese version (September 2018, 2). NovemberBrowse.

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