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British: publishing) Is a copy of a document or drawing for the purpose of selling or distributing it.Book,magazineBy issuing in the form of (Joshi), Also called (Hankou).Azusa's " "()" Means (Birch family OfBetula grossaNot that)Bignonias family OfCatalpa ovataThat's why it's oldChugokuBased on the fact that Catalpa ovata was used as a plate material for woodblock printing.Published books, magazines, etc. A company called (Shuppanbutsu) whose business is publishingInfomationCalled.Publishing (reproduction) is generallyPrintDone byNews (Chinese)Is published in the same way, but the distribution channel is different and it is not usually called publication.However, most newspaper companies (or their group companies) currently publish magazines and books.(Shuppan,
Publications (books, magazines) are newspapersradio,tv setIt is inferior to the above in terms of breaking news of information transmission, but on the other hand it is excellent in accuracy and accumulation.Media.
PublicationAs a premise ofPrintTechnology is essential (Ancient times-中 世ButManuscriptMay be a business, but it is excluded here).Also to convey informationdistributionRoute (Commercial publishingSo in generalAuthor,Infomation-Printing companyFrom distribution,bookstoreThroughreaderWithout), it will not be a continuous business.
Until printing technology becomes widespreadOur TheManuscriptI had no choice but to tell.Chugokuで7st centuryWoodblock printing has been carried out from around this time, and the oldest printed book in the world is "Diamond Sutra], And the written age is868/(9st centuryThe end唐At the end of the morning), nowBritish MuseumIs stored by.GoryeoThen.Metal typeThere was also the technology of (Koryo versionSutra). Japan alsoHeian periodSince the end of the term, "Million Towers" "Gozan edition"SuchBuddhist scriptureWas printed, but mainlyTempleIt was limited to a limited range of distribution, such as inside, and was not widely distributed to the general public.
1450 eraToGermany OfGutenbergByLetterpressThe technology ofGutenberg Bible] Etc. were published.Early printed matter was still expensive and available only in a limited hierarchy, but eventually the publishing industry began to take off.As a publisher in the infancyArdus manutiusAre known.LutherBegins withReformationAt the time ofPamphletIs made and distributed in large quantities,PrintKarma also developed.
Sengoku periodToChristian versionLetterpress printing is done, andKorean troop dispatchBrought inKoreaType printing of expressions,Edo PeriodIn the early days, "old print books" will be made.As one of the old print books, "SagaIs famous.this is京都-Saga OfSuminokura Soan HonamikoenIt was a gorgeous book published in cooperation with them, and although Sagamoto itself was a small number of copies, it had a great influence later.
For-profit books were published in JapanKaneiYear (17st centuryStarting from Kyoto in the first half)Sacredness2 years(1685/), There are about 6000 kinds of books ("New Revised Comprehensive National Language Handbook", First Learner Revised 28th Edition 1998 (First Edition 1978) p69), and nearly 17 books were published in Kyoto at the end of the 1th century...As the circulation increases,Edo ShogunateIs ""Kyoho7 years(1722/), And stipulated publishing regulations.First the manuscriptcensorshipAfter that, it went through a process of trial rubbing and censorship again, and scandals about the shogun, content that disturbs customs, sources and unfounded editorials, etc. were prohibited..
Before thatKeichoIn the yearEmperor Goyosei OfRoyal"Keicho Eiban Hon" was published byJapanese calligraphy』(Kankushiro volume) and four books were issuedHowever, in the 4th year of Keicho (1599/The Kamidai volume published in) was about 100 copies due to technical problems at that time.Shogun-Shrine,familiarOfficial houseWas only distributed to..Bookstore Murakami Heirakuji (currentlyHeirakuji Bookstore) IsKanbun9 years(1669/) ToEmperor Buntoku of Japan』Published, otherSix countries historyIn the latter half of the 17th centuryJapanese later], But the amount is 1Both("Japanese sequel』) From 10MommeIt was up to ("Buntoku Jitsuroku").
Woodblock printingWhen the publication byUkiyo Soshi,yellow backed novel,Fashionable book,comic bookEtc. are published, Widely read by the general public.publisherAsShibuzabu TsutayaEtc. are also well known.18st centuryEven in the first half, the number of publications was close to 1,Tadashi Ooka7446 species are listed in the catalog that the bookstore made...Initially, Ukiyo-zoshi and picture books were "downhill products" from above,1770 eraAt the end of the 18th century, the number of "jimoto" (Edo publications) such as fashionable books and kibyoshi books exceeded the top...PrivateRead / write abilityWas also a basic condition for the publishing industry to be formed.But above all, the activation of publishing activities is of modern peopleAesthetic senseBecomes a catalyst for growingSmartFrom (Sui)Through-breathDifferentiate your taste intoYaboCreated an air of laughter.
Meiji EraWith the rapid development of modern printing techniques using type,Freedom Civil Rights Movementと と も にPoliticsNewspapers and magazines that advocate the same claim have become popular.The government encouraged publishing on the one hand, while in 1869 (Meiji 2) on the other.Publishing Ordinance, 1875 (Meiji 8)Newspaper regulationsAnd so on to crack down on speech activities.Later, in 1893 (Meiji 26)Publishing law, 1909 (Meiji 42)Newspaper lawIt was revised to.
As a magazine, since the middle of the Meiji eraliteratureWorks andcommentEtc. will be postedNational friend""Sun""Central public opinion''Remodel] Etc. were launched one after another and were read by a wide range of people.Also,EducationWith the spread of the book, a readership that likes literature was established, and the pattern that novels serialized in newspapers and magazines were made into books and reread gradually became established (Ozaki autumn leaves,Natsume SosekiThe novel).
Back thenPublishing law(Magazines are periodicals based on the Newspaper Law)Ministry of InteriorBy CensorshipcensorshipThe book was to be reported 3 days before the release, and newspapers and magazines were to be reported on the release date.When it was judged that there was a problem, the sale was banned.Items that have been banned from saleNagai KafuThe novel "France story, Which was thought to be harmful to customs,Socialism-MarxismIt was a dissident article or book based on.ShowaAt the beginning of the period, the suppression of speech was strengthened by the revision of the law in 1934 (Showa 9).EventuallySecond World WarIn 1938 (Showa 13)National Total Mobilization ActIs enacted, and the whole Japanese societyMilitarismWhile dyeing in one colorTotal warUnder the system, publishing, etc.Freedom of speechWas completely lost.
Second World War Japan's defeatThe publishing law was abolished in 1949 (Showa 24), butOccupied periodToAllied Supreme Commander General Command Censorship was secretly and more extensively carried out by (GHQ / SCAP). May 1947, 22 (Showa 5)The Constitution of JapanIt continued after the enforcement. On April 1952, 27 (Showa 4)San Francisco Peace TreatyHas been put into effect and sovereignty has been restored in Japan today.Article 21 of the Constitution of JapanBy banning censorship, speech andFreedom of expressionIs stipulated, and any number of people can publish.On the other hand, due to excessive coveragePoliciesOther issues have emerged, such as infringement.Also, not on paper mediaインターネットUsedElectronic publishingIs also being done.In the case of paper-based books, there was a problem that if you try to keep past publications at all times, the inventory burden will be heavy, and if you make them out of print, you will not be able to get them when you need them, but electronic publishing has become widespread. If this is done, it can be expected that these issues will be solved.
In general commercial publishing:
- Infomation: Planning →ManuscriptRequest →作家,カ メ ラ マ ン,IllustratorOr, edit by comprehensively operating the creators on the leftEdit production: Coverage → Manuscript writing, shooting, drawing →Infomation: Allocation →Proofreading→Printing company: Printing → Proofreading → Bookbinding: Collating → Binding →Agency→bookstore,library,Dedicated to pre-school and extra curricularOther
- ^ Christopher Lloyd Translation "The story of 137 billion years The entire history from the beginning of the universe to the present day" 18th edition 2014 (1st edition 2012) pp.305 --306.
- ^ "Historical Mystery" Club "Illustration! Edo Period" Mikasa Shobo 2015/ ISBN 978-4-8379-8374-3 pp.222.
- ^ The same "Illustration! Edo period" Mikasa Shobo 2015 pp.222 --223.
- ^ "Kojien XNUMXth Edition" Iwanami ShotenSome reference. "Detailed Japanese History Book 5th Edition" Yamakawa Publishing 2011/
- ^ Keita Endo "Rikkokushi-Ancient" Official History "Beginning in Nihon Shoki" Chuko Shinsho 2016/ ISBN 978-4-12-102362-9 p.209.
- ^ The same "Rikkokushi-Ancient" Official History "Beginning in the Nihon Shoki" Chuko Shinsho 2016 p.210.
- ^ Katsumi Fukaya "History of Japan in the Edo period 6" Iwanami Junior Shinsho 3rd printing 2001 (1st printing 2000) ISBN-4 00-500336-2 p.144. Later19st centuryIn the first halfReading book, Kokkeibon, Ninjobon, Kusouhon, Gōkan, etc.KaseiCulture blossoms.
- ^ The same "History of Japan in the Edo period 6" Iwanami Junior Shinsho 2001 p.144.
- ^ The same "Edo period" p.144.
- ^ The same "Edo period" p.77.
- ^ The same "Edo period" p.146.
- List of Japanese publishers
- Academic publishing
- ISBN - ISSN - Customer note -
- Edit - Editor - Editor-in-chief
- Edit production
- Our - Book - Imprint -
- binding(Revision)- band
- Copyright - - royalty
- Publication depression - Typesetting
- bookstore - Secondhand bookstore - New old bookstore
- Type - Phototypesetting - DTP - Electronic publishing
- On-demand printing
- Self-published - Co-publishing
- Bring-in manuscript
- Censorship in Japan
- Press code
- Materials to gain basic knowledge about the publishing industry --How to find out (National Diet Library）