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AI recognition technology based on this Helm.ai image is an indispensable technical area for future advanced driver assistance systems and autonomous driving systems, and it can be said that investment in this field is inevitable.
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Advanced driving support system
Advanced driving support system(Sensing system)British: Advanced driver-assistance systems, AbbreviationADAS[Adas])AutomobileIt is a system that supports the driving operation of the driver. SafeMan-machine interfaceADAS designed byCar safetyBy the wayRoad traffic safetyIncrease.
Traffic accidentMost ofhuman errorCaused by (human error)..Advanced driver assistance systems are systems developed to automate, adapt and enhance vehicle systems for safer and better driving. ADAS automation systems have been proven to reduce road fatalities by minimizing human error...Safety features provide the technology to alert the driver of problems, activate safety devices and control the vehicle as needed to avoid accidents and collisions.Adaptive features include lighting automation,Adaptive cruise control, Collision avoidance support, navigation / traffic warning, obstacle warning, lane deviation / lane center maintenance support, navigation support using smartphones, etc..
ADAS is a system developed to automate, adapt and enhance vehicle systems for safer and better driving. Safety features are designed to avoid collisions and accidents by alerting the driver of potential problems or by implementing safeguards and surrogate control of the vehicle. The adaptation function isHeadlightFeatures such as automated vehicle control, automatic cruise control, automatic brake control, GPS/traffic alert provision, connection to smartphones, driver alerts for other vehicles and dangers, lane control, showing blind spots, etc. Is.
There are many forms of ADAS. Some features are either built into the car or available as an option. Also, some can be retrofitted.. ADAS is an image processing for automobiles,TO DEAL,radar,Image processing,Computer vision,In-vehicle networkDepends on input from multiple sources, such as.. In addition to information from the vehicle itself, other vehicles, mobile phones,Wi-FiAdditional information can be obtained from networks etc.
ADAS is one of the fastest growing fields in the automotive electronics field.. In-vehicle safety systemISO 26262The adoption rate of quality standards across the industry is steadily increasing, and image sensor quality standards IEEE 2020And Vehicle Information APIStandards for certain technologies have also been developed, such as communication protocols.
Next-generation ADAS3G,LTEUtilization of wireless network connection (V2N: Vehicle to cellular Network), communication with other vehicles (V2V: Vehicle to Vehicle, vehicle-to-vehicle communication), communication with pedestrians (V2P: Vehicle to Pedestrian), roadside Increase value by using communication with infrastructure (V2I: Vehicle to roadside Infrastructure), etc... Vehicles and other devices/infrastructure, etc. It is called (Vehicle to Everything).
August 2014, 3,United States Department of TransportationNational Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) says 2018 by May 5lbAnnounced to require rear view cameras to be installed on all new vehicles below (4.5 tons).. This lawUnited States CongressNamed "Cameron Gulbransen Kids Transportation Safety Act of 2007" by.This name was retreated by his fatherSUVNamed after Cameron Galbrandsen (2 years old), who was struck and killed by.
GM has been providing a vibrating seat warning for Cadillac since 2013 Cadillac ATS. As the driver begins to deviate from the lane of the highway, the side of the seat that deviates vibrates, alerting the driver to danger. Safety warning seat vibrates both sides of the seat when a frontal threat is detected.. This system was first provided by Citroen in 2006 as part of the AFIL (Lane Departure Warning) system (See also).
Ignition interlock deviceIs a device that prevents the engine from starting when the alcohol concentration in the exhaled breath exceeds the specified value... The Automotive Alliance for Traffic Safety and the National Road Traffic Safety Administration are implementing the Driver Alcohol Detection System for Safety (DADSS) program to install alcohol detection devices on all vehicles..
This list is not a comprehensive list of all advanced driver assistance systems.Instead, it provides information on key examples of ADAS that have progressed since 2015 and have become generally available..
- Adaptive cruise control(Adaptive cruise control (ACC))
- Adaptive cruise control (constant speed driving / inter-vehicle distance control device) is a system that can maintain a fixed speed and the distance between the own vehicle and the preceding vehicle.It can automatically decelerate or accelerate in consideration of the distance to the preceding vehicle...The ACC system with stop / start function can accelerate to the specified speed after stopping completely...This system only controls the speed and the distance between the vehicle in front, so the driver still needs to be aware of the surroundings..
- alcohol·Ignition interlock device
- The alcohol engine start interlock device does not allow the driver to start the vehicle if the alcohol concentration in the exhaled breath is greater than or equal to a predetermined amount.With the Automobile Traffic Safety UnionHas called for the Driver Alcohol Detection and Safety System (DADSS) program to equip all vehicles with alcohol detectors..
- Antilock braking system
- The anti-lock braking system (ABS) restores the traction of the car's tires by adjusting the braking pressure when the vehicle begins to skid... The ABS system can help the driver not only in an emergency, such as when the car begins to skid on ice, but also in the event of loss of control of the car... The ABS system, which became popular in the 1990s, is now the standard..
- Automatic parking
- Automatic parking fully delegates control of parking functions such as steering, braking and acceleration to assist the driver in parking...Vehicles are safely placed in vacant parking lots, depending on opposing vehicles and obstacles..Currently, drivers need to be prepared to understand the surroundings of the vehicle and control the vehicle as needed.
- A head-up display for automobiles (auto-HUD) is a system that safely displays necessary system information without the driver looking down or looking away from the road...Many of the auto-HUD systems currently on the market use a liquid crystal display to display system information on the windshield..
- Automotive navigation system
- Car navigation systemGlobal Positioning System(GPS)Road traffic information communication systemProviding drivers with up-to-date traffic and navigation information using digital mapping tools such as (VICS)..The car navigation system can grasp the current position of the vehicle with respect to the surrounding environment by transmitting and receiving data signals transmitted from artificial satellites via a built-in receiver..
- The automobile night vision system is a system that can detect obstacles such as pedestrians when the driver's visibility is poor at night or in bad weather.This system has an infrared sensor, GPS,TO DEAL,radarDetect obstacles other than pedestrians and humans using various technologies such as.
- Back camera
- The vehicle back camera can check the position of the vehicle and the surrounding conditions at the same time...Supports driving when reversing by providing a viewpoint that was a blind spot in conventional automobiles..The camera automatically turns on when the driver retracts the car.
- Blind spot monitor
- Blind spots are defined as areas behind or to the side of the vehicle that the driver cannot see from the driver's seat...The Blind Spot Monitor includes a camera that monitors the driver's blind spots and notifies the driver when an obstacle is approaching the vehicle...Blind spot monitors are usually linked to an emergency braking system and act accordingly when obstacles enter the vehicle's path.The Reverse Safety Confirmation Warning Function (RCTA) usually works in conjunction with the Blind Spot Monitor system to warn the driver of cross-traffic approach as he exits the parking lot when reversing..
- Collision damage reduction brake, Collision avoidance support system (pre-crash system)
- A collision avoidance support system (pre-crash system) typically uses a small radar detector installed near the front of the vehicle to determine if the vehicle is approaching a nearby obstacle and the vehicle collides. Notify the driver of possible situations..These systems can take into account sudden changes in the vehicle environment that could cause a collision...The system can respond to potential collision situations with multiple actions, including alerting, tightening passenger seat belts, closing the sunroof, and raising reclining seats..
- Crosswind stabilization analyzes the vehicle's yaw rate, steering angle, lateral acceleration, and speed sensors to prevent rollover when a strong wind hits the side of the vehicle directly...This system distributes the wheel load according to the speed and direction of the crosswind.
- Cruise control
- The cruise control system can maintain a specific speed preset by the driver...The car maintains the speed set by the driver until the driver steps on the brake pedal, clutch pedal, or disengages the system...Certain cruise control systems can accelerate or decelerate, but the driver must click a button to inform the car of the target speed..
- The driver's drowsiness detection system aims to prevent collisions due to driver fatigue...The vehicle acquires information such as facial patterns, steering movements, driving habits, turn signal use, and running speed to determine whether the driver's behavior corresponds to drowsy driving...If you suspect you are dozing off, you will usually hear a loud beep and even vibrate the driver's seat..
- The driver monitoring system is a vehicle safety system designed to monitor the driver's attention...These systems use biological and competent indicators to assess a driver's alertness and ability to drive safely...Currently, the system uses infrared sensors and cameras to monitor the driver's attention by eye tracking.If the vehicle detects a potential obstacle, it will notify the driver and if nothing is done, the vehicle may react to the obstacle..
- Vehicle approach notification sound(hybridandPlug-in electric car）
- Electric carThe warning sound tells pedestrians and cyclists that a hybrid or plug-in electric vehicle is nearby, usually with a beeping sound or a crushing sound...The technology was developed in response to a decision by the U.S. Road Traffic Safety Authority to equip 2019% of quiet vehicles with a device that makes noise when traveling at speeds below 9 kilometers per hour by September 30..
- Anti-skid device(ESC)
- Electronic Stability Control (ESC) can be used to slow down the vehicle or activate individual brakes.Understeer,OversteerCan be prevented..Understeer occurs when the front wheels of the car do not get enough traction and the car bends, and oversteer occurs when the car bends more than intended and spins... ESC works with other vehicle safety technologies such as antilock braking and traction control to help drivers safely control their vehicles in the event of an unforeseen situation..
- Emergency driver assistance facilitates emergency response if the driver falls asleep or does not drive after a set amount of time...If the driver does not operate the accelerator, brakes or steering after a certain period of time, the car sends audio, video and physical signals to the driver...If the driver does not wake up after a certain period of time, the system will stop, be safely placed away from the oncoming vehicle, and the hazard lights will light up..
- Forward collision warning
- Forward Collision Warning (FCW) is a system that monitors the speed of the own vehicle and the preceding vehicle, and the vacant distance around the own vehicle... The FCW system warns the driver that a collision may occur if the vehicle is too close to the vehicle in front.Currently, FCW systems only send warning signals to the driver, such as voice and visual pop-up displays, and do not control the vehicle..
- Intersection support
- Intersection support uses two radar sensors installed on the front bumper and on the side of the vehicle to monitor for oncoming vehicles at intersections, highway exits, parking lots, etc...This system can notify the driver that an oncoming vehicle is coming from the side of the vehicle and activate the vehicle's emergency braking system to prevent a collision..
- Anti-glare high beamAnd pixel lights
- Anti-glare high beamLight emitting diodeCut two or more cars out of the light distribution using (commonly known as LEDs)..This prevents the oncoming vehicle from being affected by the high beam light. 2010,Volkswagen TouaregThe anti-glare high beam headlamp system was introduced for the first time in Japan.The system uses a mechanical shutter to cut out the light that hits a particular traffic participant..
- Hill descent control(Speed adjustment function on downhill)
- Hill descent control is a system that allows the driver to maintain a safe speed when driving downhill such as on a slope...These systems typically work when the vehicle is moving downhill at speeds of 25-30 kilometers per hour or higher.When it senses a change in slope, hill descent control automates the driver's speed to safely descend steep slopes...The system works by intermittently differentiating the braking system and controlling each wheel independently to maintain traction downhill..
- Slope start support
- Slope start support (hill start assist), also called hill start control or hill holder, is a function that prevents the vehicle from retreating when going down the slope when restarting from a stopped state...Holds the brake when switching between the brake pedal and the accelerator pedal..For manual cars, hold the brake while operating the brake pedal, clutch, and accelerator in that order..
- Intelligent speed adaptation (ISA) is a system that helps drivers comply with speed limits... The ISA captures the vehicle's position information and notifies the driver if the driver is not observing the speed limit. Some ISA systems adjust the speed so that the vehicle adheres to the relative speed limit...Other ISA systems only warn when the driver exceeds the speed limit, and it is up to the driver to keep the speed limit..
- The lane centering support (lane centering) system is a system that helps the driver keep the vehicle in the center of the lane...If the driver determines that there is a risk of deviating from the lane, he may operate the steering autonomously...This system can monitor the lane with a camera and keep a safe distance on both sides of the lane..
- Lane deviation warning system
- The Lane Departure Warning (LDW) system issues a warning if the driver partially joins the lane without using a turn signal... The LDW system monitors the lane with a camera to determine that the driver has unintentionally started skidding...The system alerts the driver with audio and video rather than controlling the car back into a safe zone..
- Lane change support
- Lane change assistance uses sensors to scan around the vehicle and monitor the driver's blind spots to help the driver safely complete the lane change...When the driver tries to change lanes, the vehicle notifies the driver by voice or video if there is a vehicle approaching from behind or in a blind spot...Visual alerts appear on the dashboard, heads-up display, or side mirrors.
- There are several types of lane change support, for exampleUnited Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) RegulationsIn R79, it is considered as follows.
- Category C ACSF (Automatic Imperative Steering Function)
- A function that the driver activates / activates, which allows a single lateral operation (lane change, etc.) to be performed according to the driver's command.
- Category D ACSF
- A function that the driver activates / activates, which can indicate the possibility of a single lateral maneuver (such as changing lanes), but performs that function only after the driver confirms it.
- Category E ACSF
- A function that can continuously judge the possibility of maneuvering (lane change, etc.) and complete maneuvering for a long time without the driver's instruction / confirmation.—UNECE regulation 79
- Parking sensor
- The parking sensor scans objects around the vehicle when the driver instructs parking...The distance between the vehicle and surrounding objects can be announced by voice...In general, the earlier the voice alert is, the closer the vehicle is to the object...Parking sensors may not be able to detect objects near the ground, such as parking lot bollards...Therefore, it usually works with the back camera to assist the driver in retreating into the parking lot..
- The pedestrian protection system is a system aimed at minimizing accidents and injuries that occur between vehicles and pedestrians...The system uses cameras and sensors to determine if the front of the vehicle has collided with a pedestrian...In the event of a collision, the vehicle's hood lifts up, sandwiching a cushion between the vehicle's stiff engine parts and pedestrians...This minimizes the possibility of serious injury to the pedestrian's head when it comes into contact with the vehicle..
- A vehicle rain sensor is a water-sensitive sensor that automatically initiates electrical actions such as raising open windows and closing open convertible tops...The rain sensor can also detect the frequency of detected raindrops and automatically activate the wiper at a speed that corresponds to the corresponding amount of rainfall..
- Omniview technology improves driver visibility by providing a 360-degree view system..The system can accurately provide a 3D peripheral image of the surroundings of the car to the video display output to the driver...Currently, commercially available systems can only display the surroundings of the driver in 2D (so-called surround view monitor). Omniview technology uses the input of four cameras and bird's-eye view technology to synthesize and provide 4D models of the surroundings..
- Tire pressure monitoring system(TPMS)
- The tire pressure monitoring system is a system that monitors the tire pressure and determines that the tire pressure is out of the normal air pressure range...The driver can monitor the tire pressure and be notified by a pictogram display, gauge, or low pressure warning signal in case of a sudden drop..
- Traction control system
- Traction Control System (TCS) prevents vehicle traction loss and prevents vehicle rollover during sharp curves and turns..By limiting the tire slip, that is, the condition in which the force applied to the tire exceeds the traction of the tire, the output transmission can be limited and the driver can accelerate the car without losing control...These systems use the same wheel speed sensor as the antilock braking system...Individual wheel braking systems are deployed and controlled via TCS when tires rotate faster than other tires..
- The road sign recognition (TSR) system is a system that recognizes general traffic signs such as "stop" and "turn" by image processing...The system classifies what the sign tells the driver by considering the shape and color of the sign, such as a hexagon or rectangle...Today, most systems use camera-based technology, which can reduce system accuracy due to a variety of factors...For example, poor lighting conditions, harsh weather conditions, and signs that are partially blocked..
- There are three types of vehicle communication systems: V2V (Vehicle-to-Vehicle), V2I (Vehicle-to-Infrastructure), and V2X (Vehicle-to-Everything). The V3V system allows vehicles to exchange information about their current location and future hazards with each other... V2I systems occur when vehicles exchange information with nearby infrastructure elements such as road signs... The V2X system emerges when the vehicle monitors the environment and captures information such as obstacles and pedestrians..
- Warning due to seat vibration
- General Motors(GM)CadillacOf the 2013Cadillac ATSTherefore, it is equipped with a warning function that the seat vibrates.When the driver begins to protrude from the driving lane of the highway, the seat in the protruding direction vibrates, informing the driver of the danger.In addition, the Safety Alert Seat gives vibration pulses to both sides of the seat when it detects a threat from the front..
- Wrong-way warning
- Wrong-way driving warning is a system that warns the driver when it is detected that the vehicle is running on the other side of the road...Vehicles equipped with this system can grasp the flow direction of oncoming vehicles with sensors and cameras...In addition, by using it together with the lane detection service, it is possible to warn even if the vehicle partially joins the opposite lane..
- Camera Monitoring System (CMS)
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