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🚄 | Currently it is a station on a quiet line [Wooden station building catalog] Chuo Main Line 08/235 Kawagishi Station


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Currently, it is a station on a quiet line [Wooden Station Building Catalog] Chuo Main Line 08/235 Kawagishi Station

 
If you write the contents roughly
There is a huge "Kawagishi Station Opening Monument" on the north side of the station square.
 

* Taken in September 2021 The top image is Kawagishi Station on the Chuo Main Line.The Chuo Main Line has a complicated alignment at this part. … → Continue reading

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Kawagishi Station Opening Monument

    広 場

    広 場(Open space) is a wide open space.EspeciallycityA wide and flat place equipped to have functions such as gathering and recreation inPedestrian spaceThat is.

    European square

    History

    The Ancient GreekThen, around the 8th century BC, the Greeks who lived in each small tribe began to live in the scattered plains.[1]..The villagePoliceWhen it grows into (city-state, national community), it becomes the centerAgoraA square called is now formed[1].

    In addition, Ancient romeThen in the 6th century BC, the king,Senate, A republican nation with a separation of powers system was established, but the increasing role of soldiers increased the political demands of the commoners, and the public sphere for citizens to work was a forum (Form, Foro) was strengthened[1].

    Compared with city planning such as street and plaza planning, in Greece the form along the natural terrain was respected, whereas in Rome there is a tendency to level the ground and set up a shaped plaza, and at the point where the main streets intersect 3 In many cases, a square with a size of 2 to XNUMX was set up.[1].

    Function of the square

    • A place of relaxation in the city where you can take a walk, take a break, or have a conversation with an acquaintance
    • Citizens' meeting place: The square is said to be the very essence of the city, and some argue that it is the place where public opinion is formed.[2].
    • Places where political and religious ceremonies and events are held, places where the authority of those in power is shown (public executions were sometimes carried out in medieval Europe, etc.)
    • Commemoration of victory (Victory Square in the world

    Classification of squares

    Squares are classified into religious squares, political squares, commercial squares, etc.[3].

    Religious square
    Renaissance periodMany of the squares before or earlier were somehow formed in connection with church buildings.[3].Baroque periodThere are many examples of churches being symbolically built in the center of the square.[3].
    Political square
    Built in ancient times as a political, judicial and commercial center, the square is surrounded by porticos and is surrounded by cathedrals, temples and public buildings.[3].
    Commercial square
    Surrounded by buildings that reuse ancient remains, the plaza is used as an open space for various events such as the grocery market and jazz festivals.[3].

    Japan Square

    Definition

    Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism"Urban planning operation guideline" [4] Then.park, Green spaces, etc. are treated as public vacant lots as follows.

    The open space is a public open space mainly intended for resting, appreciating, and interacting with pedestrians.

    ① Scale
    It is desirable that the size of the plaza be appropriate in consideration of the purpose of setting up the plaza, the behavior of users, and the use of surrounding land.
    ② Arrangement
    It is desirable to arrange the plaza in a place that corresponds to one of the following items.
    A. Areas where the surrounding buildings are mostly used for commercial facilities, business facilities, educational and welfare facilities, and government facilities.
    B. A district where tourism resources exist and a large number of people are concentrated
    C. Near a transportation hub or an urban facility used by a large number of people, or along a road with many pedestrians

    D. Places used for symbolic or commemorative purposes of the city or places where a significant effect is recognized in improving the cityscape — Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism, city planning operation guidelines

    form

    Transportation square and station square

    In the above "city planning operation guideline", there is a traffic plaza as well as a passage as other transportation facilities, and the following matters are taken up.

    Transportation plaza plan

    1. Location of the traffic square
    2. Scale, structure, etc. of the traffic plaza
    3. Three-dimensional use of traffic plaza

    In addition, other transportation facilities are "The types of urban facilities stipulated in city planning are stipulated in Article 11 of the Law and Article 5 of the Ordinance, but other transportation facilities include airports and tracks (corresponding to urban high-speed railways). Except for things, streetcars are included), passages (excluding those that correspond to roads), traffic plazas (excluding those that correspond to roads and plazas), so stipulate in city planning as necessary It is desirable. "The traffic plaza (3) shows the concept of city planning for the traffic plaza.

    The transportation plaza is a transportation facilityCity planning roadIt is a node with the city, and there is a large amount of concentrated traffic, which not only handles these smoothly, but also has an aesthetic facility as the entrance to the city.Square road.Station squareEspecially if you are inStation squareThis is a traffic plaza.The station square is an urban facility that is decided as a transportation square attached to the road, and while ensuring sufficient space and functions that meet the needs of transportation, it also serves as a symbolic "face" of the city and as an open space. It is necessary to proceed with the maintenance in consideration of the above, but the transportation node facilities such as the station square are bases that connect different types of transportation to each other and provide systematic transportation services that meet diverse transportation demands. is there.

    The following is an example of the station square

    Wikimedia CommonsJapan station squareThere is a category about.

    境内

    In Japan境内Has been functioning as an open space since before the early modern period[3]..In the Middle Ages it became the center of self-government, sometimesRebellionBecame a base for[3]..In addition, entertainment was also held in the precincts, and it was also a place for farmers to entertain.[3].

    Pocket park

    A pocket park is a small park stipulated by the Town Planning and Zoning Act, and is maintained on the side of apartment houses and bus stops, and on small corner lots divided by multiple roads.[3].

    Hashizume Square

    What is Hashizume?bridgeRefers to the base.Located in the city centerbridgeNow, let's set up a plaza in the space created by the bridge.LandscapeAttempts are being actively made to improve the space by taking advantage of the characteristics of the bridge, which is in a good location.Tokyo OfNihonbashiIt is,1980(ShowaAt the time of repair (55), open spaces were newly established at four bridges to improve the landscape.BridgedgroundDig into the wide大理石You can see the bridge from the side of the terrace, and you can enjoy the water again.waterfallFlow likeWall fountainBuild, place trees, at nightlight upBeingconcert,TourismForrickshawEvents such as bridge tours are also held.

    Square park

    in JapanMinistry of ConstructionIn 1980 (Showa 55), the city bureauModel businessThe open space park business has been started.In areas where land use is mainly for commercial and commercial purposes, in order to improve the cityscape, use it for rest for users of surrounding facilities, create liveliness, rest for citizens, and contribute to appreciation. A park located around the station.The aim is to set up a mortgage plaza in the downtown area.横 浜 市Opening Square andSaitamaKawaguchi cityThere are trees malls and community plazas.In addition to the Opening Square Memorial Park, the ones created in the first year of the model project were Azuma Square Park in Chiba City, Suehiro Square Park in Shinko City, Katamachi Square Park in Kanazawa City, Shopping Square Park in Nagano City, and Kobe City. Yukemuri Park.

    Evaluation of the square

    The New York Public Space Project has selected 60 of the world's squares as the "best" public space.[5]..The selected plazas are scattered in very different cultural areas, but they share common elements.[5]. that is,arcadeOr there is a resting place in the corner of the square, it is moderately large (not too wide and not too narrow), and there is a hierarchy that feels comfortable to the senses.[6].

    Main square

    Europe

    Asia

    Oceania

    Americas

    Africa

    The name of the plaza and various facilities, etc.

    Park / park square with the name of the square

    Facility with the name of the square

    The station with the name of the square

    Stores with the name of the square

    Programs with the name of the square, etc.

    Related item

    footnote

    [How to use footnotes]
    1. ^ a b c d "Study group report on the use and management of the plaza”. City Planning Association of Japan. April 2020, 6Browse.
    2. ^ Antonella Annyori, Translated by Yumi Kayano, "Knowledge Square: Library and Freedom," Misuzu Shobo, 2011, p. 90. 
    3. ^ a b c d e f g h i Kensuke Yamada. “Research on design methods for people-centered plazas”. Landscape / Design Research Lecture No.1. April 2020, 6Browse.
    4. ^ "City planning operation guideline”. Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism. April 2016, 9Browse.
    5. ^ a b Antonella Annyori, Translated by Yumi Kayano, "Knowledge Square: Library and Freedom," Misuzu Shobo, 2011, pp. 92-93. 
    6. ^ Antonella Annyori, Translated by Yumi Kayano, "Knowledge Square: Library and Freedom," Misuzu Shobo, 2011, p. 93. 

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