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🌤 | [Video Weather Forecast] January 1th (Sun) may be covered with snow even in the city center / Weather forecaster commentary


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[Video Weather Forecast] January 1 (Sun) may be covered with snow even in the city center / Weather forecaster commentary

 
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In addition, heavy snow is likely to occur in areas along the mountains, especially in Nagano and Yamanashi prefectures.
 

On the 24th (Sun), there is a high possibility that it will snow in the Kanto region.A low pressure system occurs in the south of Honshu on Sunday. ... → Continue reading

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Nagano

Nagano(Nagano,English: Nagano Prefecture) IsJapan OfChubu regionに 位置 す るPrefecture.Prefectural office locationAnd the biggestcity TheNagano city.

Regulatory countryName ofShinano countryBy the way,ShinshuIt is also called.Not facingInland prefectureBecause there is a large mountainous areaResidential areaThe rate is low.The catchphrase isHappy shinshu[2].

Nagano cityZenkoji Temple OfMonzen-choDeveloped as18th Winter OlympicsIt is also the venue for.

Overview

The current prefectural area of ​​Nagano Prefecture is a province of JapanShinano countryIs almost equivalent to.However, the oldKamisaka Village・OldYamaguchi Village GifuNakatsugawaToTransboundary transferAs it was done, there are slight differences, so "ShinshuIt is often called "Shinshu", especially in tourist guides it is called "Shinshu". In ancient times, I wrote Shinano[3]..Known as one of the top longevity prefectures in Japan, as of 2020, by prefectureHealthy life expectancySo both men and women were number one[4].

Geography

Nagano PrefectureHonshuLocated in the central part, it is adjacent to the surrounding 8 prefectures, and is a prefecture area that is short in the east and west and long in the north and south, with about 128 kilometers east and west and about 220 kilometers north and south.The southern half of the prefecture is close to the Pacific Ocean side,Minami Shinshu areaMany ofTokyoSouth of the prefecture, the northernmost tip of the prefectureNasushiobara,IwakiIt is almost the same latitude as.The area of ​​Nagano prefecture is 13,562.23square kilometerAnd this isSouth KantoIt is close to the total area of ​​1 metropolitan area and 3 prefectures, and in Japan's prefectures,Hokkaido,Iwate,FukushimaIt has the second largest area.

Nagano PrefectureGunma-Saitama-Yamanashi-Shizuoka-Aichi-Gifu-Toyama-NiigataIt is in contact with eight prefectures and is also the prefecture adjacent to the largest number of prefectures in Japan.[5]..However, although it is connected to these prefectures by land, transportation between them is not always easy.For example, the length of the border between Saitama prefecture and the prefecture is only about 10 kilometers.Nakatsugawa Forest Road[6]You can only go back and forth directly.In addition, although it is in contact with Toyama Prefecture by land, the Northern Alps of 3,000 meters class is blocked, it is topographically steep, and it is very deep in the mountains, so it is an air route.Kanden Tunnel Electric BusIt is not possible for ordinary people to come and go by private vehicle.Another prefectural border where vehicles cannot come and go is the prefectural border between Gunma and Fukushima, but it is possible to cross the border on foot.Also, due to topographical problems, etc.IidaAnd Shizuoka PrefectureShizuoka City,MatsumotoShimosuwa Town,Otaki VillageOkuwa, Nakatsugawa City, Gifu Prefecture, the sameGero CityThere are many cities, towns and villages that are land-based but cannot come and go.

The reason why it is topographically difficult to cross the prefectural border is that Nagano Prefecture is not a mountainous terrain with highlands occupying the central part, but rather the northwestern prefectural border.Hida Mountains, Southeastern prefectural borderAkaishi MountainsHigh altitude, some basins betweenInatani,Matsumoto basin,Saku Basin,Nagano BasinEtc.), which is a region centered on.The mountains near the prefectural border are also called "Japanese roofs," and are lined with high mountains at an altitude of 2,000 to 3,000 meters.However, the central part of Nagano Prefecture is not flat, and it is a steep and complicated terrain with many mountains inside.This is not unrelated to the fact that the vicinity of Nagano Prefecture is close to the plate boundary between the North American Plate and the Eurasian Plate, other than the fact that the Japanese archipelago is a new orogenic belt.In addition, it traverses HonshuItoigawa Shizuoka Structural Line(Itoigawa Line) runs north and south under the prefecture, and the Tertiary layer is distributed on the east side of the Itoigawa Line.Along the Itoigawa lineLake SuwaFromCentral structure lineIs running south.Because of this,Zenkoji earthquakeI have experienced many earthquakes.In addition, there are multiple active volcanoes in Nagano Prefecture.

Natural geographyIn the field of, near Nagano prefectureChubu region OfCentral highlandsClassified as.Although there are some inland prefectures with low rainfall in Honshu, Honshu is sandwiched between the Sea of ​​Japan and the Pacific Ocean, and there is sufficient precipitation to maintain the river in combination with the steep topography of Nagano Prefecture. , There are many water sources in the prefecture.There are many large and small rivers in the prefecture, and there are many terrains where each river has eroded the mountains.Has a basin in Nagano prefectureFirst-class riverAs for the Shinano River system, Tenryu River system, Kiso River system, Hime River system,Yahagi RiverWater systemFuji RiverWater systemSekigawaWater systemTone RiverThere is a water system.There are watersheds in the Pacific Ocean and the Sea of ​​Japan in the prefecture.For exampleTenryu River(Nanshin and Lake Suwa are water sources and pass through Inaya),Kiso River(Chuo Shinkin) goes south and pours into the Pacific Ocean.Also, for exampleChikuma River(Toshin, Kitashin),Saikawa(Nakanobu) merges in Nagano City and moves northward, crossing the prefectural borderShinano RiverChange the name and pour into the Sea of ​​Japan.Himekawa(Chuo Shinkin) is also flowing to the Sea of ​​Japan.

The city with the largest population in the prefecture is Nagano City with 38 people.[7], The largest municipality is Matsumoto City's 978.77 square kilometers[8], The municipality with the highest population density is Okaya City 620.27 (people / kmXNUMX)[9], The maximum daytime population ratio was 117.8% in Karuizawa Town[10].

Land use is 4 in Nagano City, Suzaka City, Obuse Town, Kamitakai District, Matsumoto City, and Shiojiri City.City planning areaArea divisionbyUrbanization control areaIs set.

terrain

Basin / valley

Mountain

(I.e.

Pass

river

Lake

nature Park

National park
Chubu Mountain National Park,Myoko Togakushi Mountains National Park,Joshinetsu Kogen National Park,Chichibu Tama Kai National Park,Southern Alps National Park
National park
Yatsugatake Chushin Kogen Quasi-National Park,Tenryu Oku Mikawa Quasi-National Park,Myogi Arafune Saku Kogen Quasi-National Park,Central Alps National Monument
National park
National Alps Azumino Park
Prefectural nature park
Mitake Prefectural Park,Mibine River Prefectural Park,Yasuragi Prefectural Natural Park,Holy Mountain Kogen Prefectural Park,Tenryu Small Aquifer System Prefectural Nature Park

climate

Since Nagano Prefecture is located inland, it is generally located inland.Inland climateAnd because there are some areas with high altitudeCentral highland climateIs said.However,Hokushin regionMost of theChushin region-Toshin regionPart ofSea of ​​Japan side climateIt also has the characteristics of.On the contrary, with a part of the Chushin regionNanshin district ThePacific climateIt also has the characteristics of.In addition, each city in Nagano Prefecture has different altitudes, and the climate is modified due to the shape of mountain ranges and basins, so there are differences in climate.

However, overall, the cold winter is more severe than inland prefectures near the same latitude in Japan.Above allKaruizawa,Shinano,Shiga Kogen,Sugadaira Kogen,Mt. Yatsugatake,Kaida Kogen,Nobeyama Plateau,KamikochiAreas with high altitudes such asKöppen climate classificationThen.Subarctic humid climate(Df), all year roundHokkaidoIt has a moderate climate.Also, especially at high altitudesArcticSome areas are moderately cold.

In summer, in basins such as Nagano and Matsumoto, daytime temperatures are almost the same as in Tokyo, and sometimesExtremely hot dayIs observed, but it is cool in the morning and evening,Tropical nightIs observed on almost none.

Precipitation amountHowever, there are large regional differences, from the Toshin region to the Hokushin region, which is as small as around 900 mm per year, but from the Chushin region to the Nanshin region, it reaches 1,500 mm per year.

Regarding snowfall, some areas of the Hokushin region, Chushin region, and Toshin regionHeavy snowfallOr it is a special heavy snowfall area.Snowfall conditions differ from north to south of the prefecture.In Nagano prefecture, there are snowfalls called "Kamiyuki" and "Shimoyuki". "Kamiyuki" should normally rain,South coast lowAs a result of the passage of water, the temperature drops and snow becomes snow, and the amount of snowfall increases in Chu-Nanshin and Toshin, which are close to low pressure systems.[11].. "Shimoyuki" is the snow that falls due to the strong monsoon in winter, and it is easy to snow in the northern part of Nagano prefecture in the case of winter-type pressure distribution near Japan in the high west and low east. So-called Sea of ​​Japan type snowfall[12]..In addition, in the Nanshin regionInataniIt is,IidaOldMinami Shinano VillageAlthough there is little snow except in the area, there is a big difference in temperature.

Normal values ​​in various places in Nagano prefecture (statistical period: 1971-2000, source:Meteorological Agency / Meteorological Statistics Information
Average price
(Monthly)
Hokushin regionToshin regionChushin region
Nozawa OnsenIiyamaShinanoNaganoNagano city
Shinshu Shinmachi
White horseUeda
Sugadaira
(I.e.TomiKaruizawaSakuStandingMinamimaki
Nobeyama
OmachiAzumino
Hotaka
average
temperature
(° C)
Warmest month23.6
(May)
24.4
(May)
21.9
(May)
24.9
(May)
23.9
(May)
22.5
(May)
19.3
(May)
24.9
(May)
21.6
(May)
20.3
(May)
23.2
(May)
22.6
(May)
19.0
(May)
22.0
(May)
24.2
(May)
Coldest month−1.4
(May)
−2.0
(May)
−3.2
(May)
−0.7
(May)
−1.1
(May)
−2.9
(May)
−6.1
(January and February)
−0.5
(May)
−2.5
(January and February)
−3.6
(May)
−1.8
(May)
−2.1
(May)
−5.2
(January and February)
−2.8
(January and February)
−1.0
(May)
Precipitation amount
(mm)
Most months296.7
(May)
188.7
(May)
182.2
(May)
137.1
(May)
161.0
(May)
295.8
(May)
147.1
(May)
144.1
(May)
159.5
(May)
185.5
(May)
165.5
(May)
170.0
(May)
227.6
(May)
187.3
(May)
52.5
(May)
Minimum month76.7
(May)
62.5
(May)
65.8
(May)
38.2
(May)
41.5
(May)
112.4
(May)
63.8
(May)
17.5
(May)
18.8
(May)
20.8
(May)
15.4
(May)
19.3
(May)
29.5
(May)
58.5
(May)
24.8
(May)
Average price
(Monthly)
Chushin regionNanshin district
AndMatsumoto
Matsumoto Imai
Matsumoto
Nagawa
Shiojiri
Kiso Hirasawa
Kiso
Kaida Kogen
Kiso
Kiso Fukushima
NagisoSuwaHaramuraTatsunoInaIijima(I.e.Iida
Minami Shinano
Achi
Nanai
average
temperature
(° C)
Warmest month24.3
(May)
20.3
(May)
22.3
(May)
19.8
(May)
22.6
(May)
23.2
(May)
23.5
(May)
21.4
(May)
23.2
(May)
23.1
(May)
22.9
(May)
24.7
(May)
24.2
(May)
20.9
(May)
Coldest month−0.6
(May)
−3.5
(January and February)
−2.1
(May)
−4.8
(May)
−1.7
(May)
−0.6
(May)
−1.5
(May)
−3.1
(May)
−1.3
(May)
−0.8
(May)
0.6
(May)
0.9
(May)
−2.4
(May)
Precipitation amount
(mm)
Most months155.9
(May)
275.9
(May)
260.7
(May)
293.4
(May)
273.0
(May)
385.3
(May)
203.8
(May)
208.8
(May)
151.1
(May)
280.5
(May)
232.9
(May)
267.8
(May)
378.6
(May)
Minimum month23.3
(May)
71.8
(May)
62.5
(May)
63.7
(May)
53.7
(May)
87.1
(May)
33.8
(May)
31.6
(May)
34.0
(May)
55.0
(May)
47.7
(May)
49.7
(May)
83.3
(May)

Classification by the Japan Meteorological Agency

Northern Nagano Prefecture (out of northern Koshin district)
  • Nakano Iiyama area-Iiyama City, Nakano City, Shimizu District, Shimotakai District
  • Nagano Area-Nagano City, Suzaka City, Chikuma City, Kamitakai District, Kamimizunai District, Hanashina District
  • Northern Alps Area-Omachi City, Kitaazumi District
Central Nagano Prefecture (in the northern part of Koshin district)
  • Ueda area-Ueda City / Tomi City / Ogi District
  • Saku Area-Saku CityKomoro・Kitasaku-gun, Minamisaku-gun
  • Matsumoto area-Matsumoto city (excluding former Azumi village and former Nagawa village), Shiojiri city (excluding former Narakawa village), Azumino city, Higashi Chikuma district
  • Suwa Area-Okaya City/Suwa City/Hadano・Suwa-gun
  • Norikura/Kamikochi area-Matsumoto city (former Azumi village and former Nagawa village)
Southern Nagano Prefecture (out of southern Koshin district)
  • Kamiina Area-Ina City, Komagane City, Kamiina District
  • Shimoina Area-Iida City/Shimoina District
  • Kiso area-Shiojiri city (former Narakawa village) / Kiso county

As a general rule, warnings and warnings issued by the local meteorological observatory are announced for each municipality.However, Matsumoto City will be announced separately for "Matsumoto" and "Norikura Kamikochi", and Shiojiri City will be announced separately for "Shiojiri" and "Narakawa".[13].

Heavy snow designated

All areas: Nakano City, Matsukawa Village, Iizuna Town, Ogawa Village
Part: Nagano City, Matsumoto City, Ueda City, Iida City, Suzaka City, Omachi City, Azumino City
  • Special heavy snowfall area
All areas: Iiyama City, Hakuba Village, Otari Village, Takayama Village, Yamanouchi Town, Kijimadaira Village, Nozawa Onsen Village, Shinano Town, Sakae Village
Part: Nagano City

Region

Positioning of Nagano Prefecture in Japan's regional divisions

Nagano Prefecture is located in the center of Japan, but according to the East-West classificationChubu Electric PowerAt some companies and groups such asWest JapanMay be classified as[14]・From the historical/population ratio/area ratioEast JapanIt may be classified into. In the local classificationChubu region,Koshin region,Shinetsu region,Koshinetsu district,Kitashinetsu districtand so on.

Municipalities

  • There are 19 cities in 14 prefectures, 23 districts, 35 towns, and the number of municipalities is 77 in all prefectures.HokkaidoSecond place aftercountyandvillageThe number of is the largest in 47 prefectures.Of these, in terms of populationTown system enforcement requirementsThere are 8,000 villages that meet the requirements (population of 5 or more, in bold), and no town meets the requirements for enforcement of the city system.[15].
  • DID Is set in Shimosuwa Town and Minowa Town in addition to the city area.
  • townIs read as "town" except for Anancho, and all villages are read as "mura".

The division by prefecture is subdivided into 10 areas according to the jurisdiction of local offices.

(Population is as of June 2021, 2)

Metropolitan area

Urban employment area(10% commuting area, central city DID is 1 or more)

Region1980199019952000200520102015
Hokushin regionNagano Metropolitan area
51Ten thousand4136
Nagano Metropolitan area
53Ten thousand6895
Nagano Metropolitan area
60Ten thousand8073
Nagano Metropolitan area
60Ten thousand9811
Nagano Metropolitan area
61Ten thousand0687
Nagano Metropolitan area
60Ten thousand2781
Nagano Metropolitan area
58Ten thousand9549
中 Metropolitan area
5Ten thousand8282
中 Metropolitan area
5Ten thousand8676
Nakano metropolitan area
Included in Nagano metropolitan area
Chushin regionAnd Metropolitan area
37Ten thousand1850
And Metropolitan area
41Ten thousand7666
And Metropolitan area
43Ten thousand1901
And Metropolitan area
44Ten thousand4926
And Metropolitan area
45Ten thousand5352
And Metropolitan area
45Ten thousand0869
And Metropolitan area
44Ten thousand7802
Toshin region(I.e. Metropolitan area
20Ten thousand5775
(I.e. Metropolitan area
21Ten thousand6017
(I.e. Metropolitan area
22Ten thousand1386
(I.e. Metropolitan area
22Ten thousand7062
(I.e. Metropolitan area
22Ten thousand3463
(I.e. Metropolitan area
21Ten thousand7421
(I.e. Metropolitan area
21Ten thousand2314
Saku Metropolitan area
8Ten thousand7797
Saku Metropolitan area
9Ten thousand8348
Saku Metropolitan area
10Ten thousand0597
Saku Metropolitan area
16Ten thousand2355
Saku Metropolitan area
18Ten thousand9058
Saku Metropolitan area
18Ten thousand6206
Saku Metropolitan area
18Ten thousand2007
Komoro Metropolitan area
4Ten thousand8346
Komoro Metropolitan area
4Ten thousand4888
Komoro Metropolitan area
4Ten thousand5711
Komoro metropolitan area
Included in the Saku metropolitan area
Nanshin district(I.e. Metropolitan area
14Ten thousand1286
(I.e. Metropolitan area
14Ten thousand6498
(I.e. Metropolitan area
16Ten thousand8439
(I.e. Metropolitan area
16Ten thousand9427
(I.e. Metropolitan area
17Ten thousand1491
(I.e. Metropolitan area
16Ten thousand6652
(I.e. Metropolitan area
15Ten thousand9632
Suwa Metropolitan area
11Ten thousand4705
Suwa Metropolitan area
10Ten thousand9028
Suwa Metropolitan area
12Ten thousand7278
Suwa Metropolitan area
13Ten thousand0616
Suwa Metropolitan area
13Ten thousand3323
Suwa Metropolitan area
20Ten thousand4875
Suwa Metropolitan area
19Ten thousand8475
Okaya Metropolitan area
11Ten thousand2678
Okaya Metropolitan area
10Ten thousand9260
Okaya Metropolitan area
8Ten thousand2591
Okaya Metropolitan area
8Ten thousand0325
Okaya Metropolitan area
7Ten thousand7562
Okaya metropolitan area
Included in the Suwa metropolitan area
Ina Metropolitan area
8Ten thousand4003
Ina Metropolitan area
11Ten thousand1759
Ina Metropolitan area
11Ten thousand6512
Ina Metropolitan area
14Ten thousand1715
Ina Metropolitan area
14Ten thousand2453
Ina Metropolitan area
19Ten thousand0402
Ina Metropolitan area
18Ten thousand4305

Regional characteristics

Heisei municipal mergers will not be implemented as much as other prefectures, and small and medium-sized municipalities will comb. However, the wide area federation system is used in all municipalities within the prefecture, and wide area administration by some office associations is also active.2005In (17), there was also a case of the merger of Nagano prefecture with Gifu prefecture with Echi prefecture.

Hokushin(Hokushin area,Nagano area),Toshin(Saku area,Ueda area),CITIC(Matsumoto area,Kiso area,Northern Alps area),Nanshin(Kamiina area,Minami Shinshu area,Suwa area) 4 areas arePhysical geographyAnd historyTransportationThe characteristics are completely different on each side.

this is,"Shinano country"(Prefectural song)"And,Ina,Saku,Zenkoji TempleIt is also symbolized in 4 categories. Broadly speaking, Kitashin, Toshin, Chushin, and Nanshin are the northern, eastern, western, and southern regions of Nagano Prefecture, respectively.HokushinNanshinThe four regions are in contact with each other except.

Hokuriku Shinkansen-Shin-Etsu Main Line-Iiyama Line-Koumi Line,National Route 18-Joshinetsu ExpresswayAlong the lineHokushinToshinIt is,Chikuma RiverMainly in the basinNakasendoNorth country roadAlong the railway line.

HokushinIt is,Niigata-GunmaIs in contact withSengoku periodToMurakami-Mr. Takeda-Mr. Oda-UesugiHas been placed in the sphere of control of.Zenkoji KaidoHow it was alongHokuriku Shinkansen-Joshinetsu ExpresswayBecause it is connected withNiigata,Gunma,TokyoDeeply connected with.

In recent years, many tourists from the metropolitan area have also visited. Also,CITICAndNagano Expressway-Shinonoi LineConnected by.Hokushin TheNagano BasinBecause it is a region centered on the sea and is close to Niigata Prefecture, many people go to the Sea of ​​Japan by sea bathing.

OneToshinIt is,Gunma-Saitama-YamanashiIn the Warring States PeriodMr. Takeda-Mr. Oda-Tokugawa-Hojo-SanadaHas been put in control of.NakasendoAnd the historical background that was the confluence of the Kitakoku KaidoHokushinalikeHokuriku Shinkansen-Joshinetsu ExpresswayBecause it is connected withMt. Asamayama,Usui PassCrossedGunma,TokyoThere is also deep interaction with.

In addition,Nobeyama PlateauViaNational Route 141-Koumi LineConnected byYamanashiThere is also deep interaction with.YamanashiIs currently betweenChubu Crossing ExpresswayIs under maintenance.Mikuni Pass (Nagano Prefecture/Saitama Prefecture)It is also in contact with Saitama Prefecture via the route, but there are few physical distributions due to bad road conditions. On the roadKarizaka Pass OfNational Route 140Before the opening of the road, Usui Pass-Toshin- Yamanashi - ShizuokaOigawaThe eastern route isNational Route 16Without going through the areaKanto regionSince it was the shortest route to bypass the inside, it is the region with the strongest Kanto orientation.

Against these,Chuo Main Line-Iida Line-Oito line,Chuo Expressway-Nagano ExpresswayAlong the lineCITICNanshinIt is,Nakasendo,Koshu Highway, Chikuni Highway (Itoigawa Highway, Matsumoto Highway),North country west highway, Along the Sanshu Kaido.

CITICIt is,Niigata-Toyama-GifuIn the Warring States PeriodMr. Ogasawara-Nishina-Mr. KisoThroughMr. Takeda-Mr. OdaHas been put in control of.Nakasendo,Koshu HighwaySince it was along the Senkoku Highway (Itoigawa Highway, Matsumoto Highway) and Sanshu Highway,Niigata,Gifu,Yamanashi,Aichi,TokyoDeeply interact with.

North country west highwayAlong the lineNagano ExpresswayHas been maintained,Nagano areaConnected with. Located in the northern part of Chushin areaNorthern Alps areaIt is,Hida MountainsIt is located on the east side of the mountain, and is popular for climbing and skiing, making it one of the largest in Japan.Happoone Ski ResortAndTsugaike Kogen Ski ResortThere,Nagano OlympicsAlso became the venue. In terms of tourism, there are many tourists not only from the Kanto region but also from the Kansai region.

In addition,National Route 147-National Route 148Connect viaNiigataThere is also an exchange with the mountain sightseeing routeTateyama Kurobe Alpine RouteByToyamaI am in contact with him. Also located in the central part of the Chushin regionMatsumoto area(Chushin)Suwa areaWith (Nanshin)NakasendoKoshu HighwayIn the area that developed asYamanashi,Tokyo,GifuDeeply interact with (Tono, Hida). Located in the southern part of the Chushin regionKiso area(Chushin) is a wide-area Nagoya area (Chukyo area), and historically,Mino countryBelongs to the Edo periodOwari DomainThat it was a territory,National Route 19Through (Nakasendo),Gifu-AichiBecause it is connected with, it has a deep economic and cultural connection.

on the other hand,NanshinIt is,Yamanashi,Shizuoka,AichiIn the Warring States PeriodMr. Suwa-Mr. Takeda-Mr. Oda-TokugawaHas been placed in the sphere of control of.Nakasendo,Koshu Highway,Sanshu KaidoSince it was along the lineYamanashi,Tokyo,Shizuoka,AichiDeeply interact with.Suwa areaIt is,Matsumoto areaWith (Chushin)NakasendoKoshu HighwayIn the area that developed asYamanashi,Tokyo,GifuThere is a deep exchange with (Tono).

In addition,Minami Shinshu area(Nanshin) is a wide-area Nagoya area (Chukyo area),Chuo Expressway-National Route 153Through (Sanshu Kaido and Asuke Kaido), it is connected to Gifu prefecture Tono district, Aichi prefecture Owari and Nishimikawa district, so it has a deep economic and cultural connection.

さ ら に,Minami Shinshu areaThen,Shizuoka・ Aichi PrefectureHigashimikawa regionAlthough they are adjacent to each other, the logistics are not well developed due to bad road conditions. Current,San-en Nanshin Expressway(Iida City-Hamamatsu City) is under construction, but it is undecided whether it will pass all. Also, JRIida Line,National Highway 151so,Shinshiro-ToyokawaThroughToyohashiGo out to.

The water systemHokushin-CITIC(Matsumoto area,Northern Alps area)・Toshin(Excluding some) belongs to the Sea of ​​Japan side water system,Nanshin-CITIC(Kiso area)・Toshin(Saku-Tateshina-MinamimakiPart of) belongs to the Pacific side water system.

In general,Minami Shinshu area,Kiso areaHas a strong Nagoya orientation, and other areas have a strong Tokyo orientation[16].. Before modern timesNakasendoIn terms of being alongShinano countryThere were cohesiveness as a whole, but when Tokyo became the capital and traffic was improved in the Meiji era,

  1. Hokuriku Shinkansen(OldShin-Etsu Main Line) Has a deep connection with Tokyo via the Nobunobu, Nagano, Ueda, and Saku areas
  2. Chuo Main LineThe Northern Alps, Matsumoto, Suwa, and Kamiina regions are deeply connected to Tokyo via
  3. The Kiso/Minami Shinshu area, which has a deep connection with Nagoya

It is now possible to divide into 3 areas.

However,Nagano ShinkansenWith the opening, many residents in the Northern Alps region will take a busNagano StationIt has been replaced by using the Shinkansen.

History

original

Even in Nagano PrefecturePaleolithicSome ruins have been excavated. In itLake Nojiri RuinsSpear-shaped wooden instruments/bone instruments/Flaking stonewareRelics have been discovered. This ruinsNaumann Elephant,Bighorn deerIt is estimated that a large mammal such as The period is about 2 to 5000 years ago. Most of the 3 points, which is about one-fourth of those found all over the country, were excavated and the blade part was polished with a grindstone, making it the oldest in the world.Polished stonewareIs said to be[17].. In addition, Nakamachi (Shinanomachi), Hyugabayashi B (Shinanomachi), and Ishigohara (Iida City) remains have been discovered as ruins of this period.

In the first half of the 2000s, Takesanakahara remains (Iida) Is being excavated and investigated. About 4 points including stone tools from 800 points of stone toolsPaleolithicHas been excavated. Natural science analysis (volcanic ash analysis, phytosilicate analysis, carbon 14 dating, photoluminescence dating, etc.) of this stone tool inclusion layer was performed and the result was "older than 3 years and newer than 5 years". Until now, it was thought that people began to live in the Japanese archipelago after about 3 years before the late Paleolithic period, but excavations of this site revealed thatMiddle PaleolithicIt was proved that people started living in this prefecture at the end of the period (3 to 5 years ago).[18].

After 2 years ago, stone tools that are characterized by exfoliated stone tools will be discovered from all over the prefecture. By the end of the late Paleolithic period, the first in JapanFine stone blade Yadegawa RuinsFound in (Minamimaki Village)[19].

Before history, the prefectureJomon Period Of(I.e.Many were distributed, and it was one of the centers of this era.HadanoThere are two clay figurines excavated inNational treasureIt is said that. AlsoSmall prefectureNAGAWA OfWada PassIn JapanobsidianIs a typical production area ofSuwa-gunHaramura OfAku RuinsIs said to be the oldest ring aggregate.

ContinueYayoi cultureFirstTokai regionFrom the southwestern part of Nagano Prefecture, and then on the Sea of ​​Japan sideHokuriku regionIt is believed that it was transmitted from the north to the north. It is unclear whether the cause is the spread of these two routes,Nakano OfYanagisawa RuinsWas buried together with the only one in eastern JapanBronzeCopper rodIt has been excavated (there is only a few cases in Japan where copper and copper were excavated together, and it is extremely rare that Osaka Bay-type and Kyushu-type copper are mixed).

From the Ritsuryo era to the Edo era

After the Meiji Restoration

Prefectural Sanji system
Abandoned Domain

Modern times

The former Takayama prefecture was transferred to Gifu prefecture, and the Shinano country part (Nakanobu/Nanshin/Northern Alps area) was transferred to Nagano prefecture and the present Nagano prefecture was established. There is no abolition by law, but Shinano, which is a commanding country, was abolished by the establishment of a replacement Nagano prefecture. - 1876(9th year of Meiji)8/21

population

Demography20000.svg
Population distribution by age in Nagano prefecture and Japan (2005)Nagano Prefecture Population Distribution by Age and Gender (2005)
Purple-Nagano Prefecture
Green-All over Japan
Blue-male
Red-female

Changes in the population of Nagano prefecture
Ministry of Internal Affairs and CommunicationsStatistics Bureau CensusThan

city

Nagano Prefecture City Population Ranking
Nagano Prefecture city population density ranking (2016(28) present)
  1. Okaya(585 people / square kilometer)
  2. Chikuma(502 people / square kilometer)
  3. Suwa(453 people / square kilometer)
  4. Nagano city(450 people / square kilometer)
  5. Komoro(434 people / square kilometer)

Politics

Prefectural government

Prefectural governor / prefectural office

Enforcement agency
  • Governor : Moruichi Abe
  • Deputy Governor: Hiroshi Ota, Eri Nakajima
    • Governor Department-Crisis Management Department, Planning Department, General Affairs Department, Health and Welfare Department (internal department to Hospital Business Department), Environment Department, Commerce and Industry Labor Department, Tourism Department, Agriculture Administration Department, Forestry Department, Construction Department, Accounting Department
  • Public company manager
  • Administrative committee
  • Office(Branch office
    • Saku Regional Development Bureau = Komoro City, Saku City, Minamisaku District, Kitasaku District
    • Ueda Regional Development Bureau = Ueda City, Tomi City, Ogi District
    • Suwa Regional Development Bureau = Okaya City, Suwa City, Chino City, Suwa County
    • Kamiina Regional Development Bureau = Ina City, Komagane City, Kamiina District
    • Minami Shinshu Regional Development Bureau = Iida City, Shimoina District
    • Kiso Regional Development Bureau = Kiso District
    • Matsumoto Regional Development Bureau = Matsumoto City, Shiojiri City, Azumino City, Higashi Chikuma District
    • Northern Alps Regional Development Bureau = Omachi City, Kitaazumi District
    • Nagano Regional Development Bureau = Nagano City, Suzaka City, Chikuma City, Kamimizunai District, Kamitakai District, Hanashina District
    • Hokushin Regional Development Bureau = Nakano City, Iiyama City, Shimotakai District, Shimizu District

Prefectural assembly

  • Number of people: 57 people
  • Term:2019(31)4/30から2023(5nd year of Reiwa)4/29Until
  • Chair: Hideo Kiyosawa
Voting body

Outer organization

The prefecture has contributed to or contributed to a total of 43 groups (2009(21) as of April).

finance

2007 (19)
2006 (18)
Source:Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications 18 List of major public sector financial indicators
Within the prefectureLocal allocation taxUndelivered organization
2005 (17)
  • Fiscal strength index 0.40
    • Group III (financial power index 0.3 or more, less than 0.4) 14th out of 1 municipalities
2004 (16)
  • Fiscal strength index 0.40
    • Group III (financial power index 0.3 or more, less than 0.4) 13th out of 1 municipalities

Topics related to Nagano Prefecture since the 2000s

Yasuo Tanaka Prefectural government related
  • Departure/press club declaration
    2001(13)5/15, Governor of the timeYasuo TanakaIs in the prefectural officePress clubAnnounced that it will abolish the press room used exclusively by and will set up a press center that anyone can use.2001(13)7/2A "temporary expression dojo" was established in the area to spread the ripples.
    after that,2002(14)4/1Was renamed "Expression Center" and was installed on the north side of the 5th floor of the prefectural office.2006It was abolished in (18).
  • Escape from dam declaration
  • Nagano prefecture designation of origin management system(System summary
    See internal link for details
  • Rename concept
    The concept that Tanaka in the governor's era renamed "Nagano Prefecture" to "Shinshu Prefecture". Especially since it is often called "Shinshu" in terms of tourism, it was said to have an effect on the tourism industry. The root of this is that there is still a sense of confrontation between Nagano City and Matsumoto City. Initially it appeared on the newspaper, but it disappears without knowing if there was any actual movement.
  • Yamaguchi Murakoshi merger problem
    oldYamaguchi Village(CurrentGifuNakatsugawaYamaguchi area) was the opposite of the merger of Echi prefecture from the beginning of the merger notification. He continued to disagree with the approval of the merger council and said, "Yamaguchi should remain in Nagano." As a result, the merger was approved and the cross-border merger was realized, but Tanaka himself did not bend his will to the end.
    The conflict with the Yamaguchi-Murakoshi prefectural merger caused a conflict with the Yamaguchi-mura villagers, the village office, the village council, and the prefectural council, which led to the start of the successor governor, Murai Prefectural Government, on the tailwind of the “anti-Tanaka school”.

While there is a view that Tanaka prefectural government is self-righteous and dictatorship, the evils of Nagano prefectural government up to that point (for example, the LDP, which is the majority of prefectural council, ignores the opinions of minority groups and promotes overdevelopment). There is also a tendency to evaluate in that it has defeated, and the pros and cons are divided.

Hitoshi Murai Prefectural Government
  • Declaration of Tanaka prefectural government complete liquidation
    2006Defeated Tanaka in the governor election (18)Murai HitoshiContinued to criticize Tanaka's political stance as "a dictator" since the election.[Annotation 1], After winningComplete denial and complete liquidation of all Tanaka policiesDeclared to do. What Murai had clearly stated was the abolition of the Governor's Office on the 1st floor of the prefectural office and the cancellation of the declaration of dam removal, which Tanaka moved to the first floor of the prefectural office to "aim for an open prefectural government."
  • Expulsion of "Dam Commissioner"
  • Dissolution of investigation committee suspected of uncertain use of money in the Winter Olympics
    1998Dissolve the Uncertain Money Research Committee of the Winter Olympics held in (10) on the grounds that it is not constructive to expose the crime of a specific individual or a specific group. The investigative committee plans to investigate the causes of financial deterioration and third-sector railways in the future, which has hindered the discovery of possible administrative cohesion. This is one case that highlights that the prefectural government opened by Tanaka is being closed.
  • linearChuo ShinkansenRoute formulation problem
    While the adoption of "C route" that penetrates the Southern Alps is considered to be influential, "Because it is a large prefecture, it may be two or three (Linear prefecture stations). There must be a station north of route B." It doesn't make sense," he called the argument, "reminiscent of Gada Hikitetsu." After that, in response to growing demand for the realization of the C route in the Iida Shimo Ina region,2010(22) In May 5, for the first time, a resolution was adopted that did not specify the adoption of route B. This issue was settled on May 2011, 5, when the successor, Governor Abe, announced that it was appropriate to adopt the Southern Alps Route.

Compared to Tanaka prefectural government, Murai prefectural government has been criticized for being “closed prefectural government” and “retrogression of prefectural government,” while at the same time avoiding conflicts with parliament and prefectural officials (most prefectural governors across the country are doing this. There is also a tendency to evaluate (the so-called “all ruling party system”), and the pros and cons are divided like Tanaka prefectural government.

Morio Abe Prefectural Government
  • Shinshu type business sorting
    Abe, the current governor2009(21) Based on the experience involved in business sorting as Deputy Secretary General of the Cabinet Office Administrative Reform Council, discussions will be held on the occasion of public disclosure of streamlining prefectural businesses and sharing of roles with national and municipal governments. Sorting"2011(平成23年)1月15日から16日の2日間にわたって実施した。これは県知事選挙での政権公約でもあった。取り扱われた計29件の事業のうち、インターネットを活用した生涯学習情報提供システム事業、信州「食」の魅力向上事業の一部、交通安全啓発活動事業、総合型地域スポーツクラブ育成支援事業の4件が「不要」と判定され、残す25件のうち全体の約7割となる21件が「要改善」と判定された[22].
  • Problems associated with the construction of the Linear Chuo Shinkansen
    Of the 795 million cubic meters of residual soil that will be generated due to the construction of the Linear Chuo Shinkansen, the destination of 350 million cubic meters has not been decided as of September 2019, and Governor Abe has been accepting information without setting a deadline. In addition, the temporary storage space until the place of utilization is decided is not sufficient at this moment, and we are accepting candidate sites. We are dealing with noise complaints from heavy machinery during the construction of the Linear Chuo Shinkansen and the construction of the remaining soil storage site.
    Governor Abe was also distressed by the large-scale running water of the Oi River system that occurred in the Shizuoka Prefectural Industrial Zone, and requested JR Tokai to conserve water resources. On the other hand, regarding the Shizuoka Governor's opposition to the construction start, Governor Abe said, "I'm forcing the residents to put up with it. I would like them to open it until 2027," he said. I am taking it.

National politics

Economic and industrial

  • Nagano prefecture has a high employment rate, both (all) employment rate (61.3%) and elderly employment rate (29.9%) are the highest in Japan, and female employment rate (51.1%) is also the second highest in the nation.[23].
  • As of 2010, the gross product of the prefecture was nominally 8 billion yen.
  • Income inequalityNationwide100If you say,85.5.. In the municipalities of Karuizawa103.4Is only above the national level[24].

industry

For companies with headquartersCategory: Nagano Prefecture companiesSee.

Production by industry

Primary industry

  • Agricultural output (2018)[28]
    1. Matsumoto City 211.9 billion yen
    2. Nagano City 165.3 billion yen
    3. Kawakami Village ¥162.5 billion
    4. Nakano City ¥130.4 billion
    5. Shiojiri City ¥116.7 billion
    6. Azumino City 112.6 billion yen
    7. Saku City 113.1 billion yen
    8. Minamimaki Village 103.7 billion yen
    9. Ueda City ¥87.8 billion
    10. Suzaka City 86.6 billion yen

Primary industry

  • Shipment value of industrial products (2018)[29]
    1. Shiojiri City ¥7374 billion
    2. Nagano City 5884 billion yen
    3. Matsumoto City 5810 billion yen
    4. Ueda City ¥5572 billion
    5. Azumino City 5103 billion yen
    6. Iida City ¥2290 billion
    7. Chino City ¥2283 billion
    8. Saku City 2218 billion yen
    9. Chikuma City ¥2152 billion
    10. Ina City ¥1913 billion

Primary industry

  • Annual product sales(Wholesale / Retail, 2015)[30]
    1. Nagano City 1 billion yen
    2. Matsumoto City 1 billion yen
    3. Ueda City ¥4448 billion
    4. Iida City ¥2460 billion
    5. Saku City 1943 billion yen
    6. Azumino City 1786 billion yen
    7. Suwa City 1779 billion yen
    8. Shiojiri City ¥1533 billion
    9. Ina City ¥1205 billion 
    10. Okaya City 1111 billion yen

Listed companies

Part 1 listing

Part 2 listing

JASDAQListing

Life and transportation

Policemen

Fire

Currently, there are 13 fire department headquarters.

electricity

The whole areaChubu Electric Power Power GridSupply area.Including Chubu Electric PowerTEPCO Renewable Power,Tohoku Electric Power,Kansai Electric Power,Power developmentSuch asHydropowerThere is a place. Although the area with a power frequency of 60 Hz occupies the majority,KomoroTakamine Plateau,OmachiPart ofOdani villagePart ofMatsumotoNagawa,MatsumotoAzumiPart ofAzuminoHotaka OfNakabo Onsen,IiyamaPart ofSakaemuraIn some areas, there is a mixed area with 50 Hz.

Prefecture Enterprise BureauAs a power generation business, there are 14 power plants, the Nanshin Power Management Office in Ina City and the Hokushin Power Management Office in Nagano City.

gas

The city gas business in Nagano has been operated by Nagano so far.Tokyo GasAlthough it has been regarded as a large scale by2006In 18, Nagano Prefecture's gas business (Nagano Prefecture Enterprise Bureau) was privatized and newly established.Nagano city gasBusiness was transferred to. afterwards,2006As of July 18, 7, all the operations that Tokyo Gas was doing in Nagano Prefecture (including the operations of the company's Nagano branch) have been integrated into Nagano City Gas. Nagano City Gas belongs to the Tokyo Gas Group.

Including the above, the main city gas suppliers in Nagano Prefecture are as follows.

  • Nagano city gas -Head office: Nagano City, supply area: Nakano City, Suzaka City, Nagano City, Chikuma City, Ueda City, Tomi City, Komoro City, Saku City, Yamanouchi Town, Obuse Town, Miyoda Town
  • Ueda Gas --Headquarters: Ueda City, Supply Area: Ueda City, Tomi City
  • Enakis-Headquarters: Ueda City, Supply Area: Shiojiri City
  • Omachi Gas-Headquarters: Omachi City, Supply Area: Omachi City
  • Matsumoto gas -Headquarters: Matsumoto City, Supply Area: Matsumoto City
  • Suwa gas --Headquarters: Suwa City, Supply Area: Suwa City, Chino City, Okaya City, Shimosuwa Town
  • Shinshu Gas-Headquarters: Iida City, Supply Area: Iida City

Water supply

  • Nagano Prefectural Water Supply (Company Bureau)
    • Water supply business
      • Nagano City (Shinonoi, Kawanakajima, Sarahoku, part of Shinsara district), Ueda City (Shioda, part of Kawanishi district), Chikuma City (excluding Kuwabara and Hachiman districts), Sasaki Town
    • Water supply business for tap water
      • Matsumoto City, Shiojiri City, Yamagata Village

Excluding thatWater supply businessIs the relevant department or department of each municipality, or the Waterworks Bureau (Local public enterprise) And water companies (Some office associations) Etc.

Transportation

Nagano Prefecture is old,Nakasendo,North country road,Koshu HighwayIt is located at the intersection of traffic that connects the north, south, east, and west of the country, and the main trunk traffic still intersects from that flow.

In addition, in Nagano prefecture, which is a mountainous region, the transportation network that connects the prefectures plays an important role.Kanto region,KinkiSince it is a prefecture with a vast area,JRThere are jurisdiction routes for all three Honshu companies. EspeciallyInataniKiso-gunIt is,Capital Area(Tokyo-Kamakura)WhenKinai(Osaka-京都-Nara) Is located equidistant from.

In the early 1990shighway(Chuo Expressway-Nagano Expressway-Joshinetsu Expressway) And Shinkansen (Hokuriku ShinkansenBefore the opening of ), it was called the "Land Islands" due to the difficulty of accessing other prefectures, the metropolitan area, and the Chukyo area due to geographical conditions.[31].

Car registration number sign

The Suwa number has a low penetration rate among the 20 local numbers nationwide, probably because it was introduced by a wide-area administrative entity despite the low approval rating in the local area (the collection rate of all household questionnaires regarding introduction is around 18%). Is 15th and the number of grants is 17th.The government is expecting the spread of natural switching by replacing vehicles.In addition, there is a movement to request the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism to introduce "Ina" number or "Minami Shinshu" number in Ina Valley and "Karuizawa" number or "Saku" number in Toshin region.[32].

Incidentally,Ueda,Matsukawa,KashiwamuraIs unique in the municipalityDesign license plateHas been adopted.

Train

Nagano PrefectureOld railwayThe railroadJRThe only company that was split into three Honshu companiesPrefecturesIs. MainlyEast Japan Railway(JR East) covers the areas of Hokushin, Toshin, and Nakashin (excluding the Kiso region and the northern part of the Northern Alps region) and the Suwa region.Tokai passenger railway(JR Tokai) has jurisdiction over Nanshin (excluding the Suwa area) and the Kiso region. Also,West Japan Railway Company(JR West Japan)Minamiotari StationNorth ofOito lineIt is responsible for non-electrified sections. The number of ordinary trains is very close to both Nagano and Matsumoto cities.[33]And Toshin area[34]No more than 1 hourly except.

East Japan Railway
Tokai passenger railway
West Japan Railway Company

道路

highway
National road
Main local road-General prefectural road

空港

The only inland prefecture has an airport.

Medical and welfare

Tertiary emergencyDesignated medical institution
Local independent administrative corporationPrefectural Hospital (Operating entity: "Nagano Prefectural Hospital Organization")
Local independent administrative corporationNot a prefectural hospital
Disaster base hospital
Nursery

Education

Nagano Prefecture was formerly known as an “educational prefecture” because it was enthusiastic about education, but the image of Nagano Prefecture as an “educational prefecture” gradually faded as the Japanese education system shifted to deviation-valued education.

2002(14) Under the Tanaka prefectural government, a class of 30 students in public elementary schools was promoted.2005(17), a complete 1-person class spanning the 4th grade of elementary school 4st to 30th grade was realized for the first time in Japan at the full cost of the prefecture. In addition, the 5th and 6th grade elementary schools are held jointly with municipalities.

Regarding long-term holidays, some schools also offer "cold holidays" due to the climate of Nagano Prefecture,Winter vacation,Summer VacationDue to short short-term holidays, the number of holidays is smaller than in other prefectures, and the number of school days is increased accordingly.

The official name of the prefectural high school in Nagano Prefecture is “Nagano Prefecture ○○ High School” according to Article 39 of the High School Establishment Ordinance (December 12, 28, Nagano Prefecture Ordinance No. 64), and “Nagano PrefectureStandDo not use “prefectural” names such as “○ Senior High School”. this isHokkaido,MiyagiIs the same as. In Nagano prefecture,School reformAt that time, there were cases where even high schools with associations or municipalities did not distinguish them from prefectural high schools and named themselves "Nagano Prefecture High School."

Out of the four-year college students, the rate of going to a university in the prefecture was 1987% in 8.0 (nationwide worst 2)[36]However, since the 1990s, four-year colleges have opened one after another, and in 2013 16.4% (nationwide worst 5)[37]Has improved.

Remarks/others

Educational institution

University

National university

Public university

private university

Junior college
College of technology
Vocational school
Special school
high school
Junior high school
primary school
Kindergarten

Mass media

News (Chinese)

Japan Newspaper AssociationAccording to the number of subscriptions in the first half of 2007Shinano Mainichi Shimbun(About 48),Yomiuri Shimbun(About 6.9),Asahi Shimbun(About 6.1),Chunichi Shimbun(About 4.8),Nihon Keizai ShimbunThe order was (about 3.4).

National newspaper
Block paper
Local newspaper
  • Shinshu citizen newspaper group
    • Okaya citizen newspaper
    • Shimosuwa citizen newspaper
    • Suwa citizen newspaper
    • Chino citizen newspaper
    • Tatsuno newspaper
    • Minowa newspaper
    • Minami Minowa newspaper
  • Minami Shinshu newspaper
  • Sarah newspaper
  • Oito Times
  • Nagano Prefecture Commerce and Industry Newspaper
  • Shinken Shimbun
  • Medical time
  • Hokushin Times
  • Hokushin Local
  • Kita Shinano Shimbun
  • Suzaka newspaper
  • Suwa Every Evening Newspaper (closed in 2004)
  • Lake country newspaper(Closed in 2005)
  • Ina Mainichi Shimbun (closed in 2008)

Radio broadcast

AM radio
FM radio
Community FM

Television broadcasting

The fourth commercial TV station opened in Nagano Prefecture1991.In 190 prefectures with a population of over 22 million[When?], Nagano Prefecture was the last time the 4th commercial TV station opened.After thatTelevision Tokyo Channel 12, Ltd.-TXNAlthough there is no affiliated station,Cable TVRe-broadcast outside the area by TV Tokyo of the key station in Tokyo (in the Kiso area / Shimoina areaTV Aichi) Is available for viewing.All commercial broadcasters in Nagano Prefecture do not broadcast overnight except for disasters and specials.

Terrestrial wave
NHK Nagano Broadcasting Station(Nagano city) - NHK Matsumoto Branch(Matsumoto)
NHK Broadcast Center(Capital Area) Jurisdiction office.
  • 4 TV Shinshu(TSB) (Nagano City * Headquarters / Matsumoto City, Broadcasting Center / Nagano City until September 2007)
Nippon TV-NNN/NNSseries.
TV Asahi-ANNseries.
TBS-JNNseries.
Private Broadcast Education AssociationMember Bureau.
Fuji Television Network, Inc-FNN/FNSseries.
Transmitting station Ofmaster stationTheMigaharaThe entire area of ​​Nagano Prefecture was targeted for broadcastingPrefectural broadcast.
The above numbers areTerrestrial digital television broadcastingAtRemote control key ID.
Cable TV

The number of cable TV stations in Nagano prefecture is higher than the average of all prefectures in Japan, and the number of subscribers exceeds half of all households in the prefecture.[40], There are more than 20 stations. It is considered that this has developed because there are many mountains in the prefecture and there are many difficult-to-view areas.

However, in the early days of cable television, the number of stations was small.Therefore, in addition to the purpose of eliminating difficult-to-view areas, each major cable TV station in the prefecture has retransmitted the Nagano prefecture commercial broadcasting station for the purpose of correcting the information gap inside and outside the prefecture.Key station(In some parts of the Shimoina areaResidents' General Administration Bureau) Re-transmission (so-calledRebroadcast outside the area) Was carried out.This out-of-area rebroadcast continued for a long time after the opening of four commercial broadcasters in the prefecture and the correction of the digital divide.2011 OfDigital terrestrial broadcastingDue to the complete transition, basically, except for TV Tokyo, in response to the policy that digital broadcasting will stop re-broadcasting outside the area20147/24It was abolished with.

Culture/Sport

dialect

Food culture:

local cuisine

Traditional crafts

Traditional crafts designated by the Minister of Economy, Trade and Industry
Traditional crafts

traditional culture

Sports

サ ッ カ ー
baseball
basketball
volleyball
Futsal
curling
Ice hockey
  • (Nagano city)
badminton
boxing
  • (Matsumoto)
karate
Tug of war
marathon-EkidenConvention
Golf
speed skate
Road race
wrestling
Disabled sports

Public competition

Nagano PrefectureOkinawaalike,Public competitionIt is a prefecture where there is no single place or a place for sale outside the voting ticket hall. Therefore, it is seldom that the "race guide" is broadcast locally on TV, etc.Everyone's KEIBA""Uzumaki!The horse racing program is online). Local commercials such as horse races, bicycle races, and boat races in neighboring prefectures will be broadcast at each commercial broadcasting station.

Prefectural character

Shinshu people are generally proud, but at worst they are exclusive and have a lot of bias.In addition, many people are serious, sincere, and original, and are said to like theory.[42].

Dispositions that vary by region

Since Shinshu is long and expansive in the north and south, there is a difference in temperament depending on the area, such as the more it takes root toward the north.[42].

Hokushin

He is sincere and patient, but he is poor at socializing and often withdraws, and has little desire to reveal himself. In addition, it is unlikely that the opponent will bow down on their own. Introverted and closed-minded and will not show heart, but has a very strong sense of responsibility[42].

Toshin

It's the most rational in the prefecture, and never stops arguing until it makes sense. There are many hot-blooded people who show emotions and emotions, and they are generally poor at socializing and do not hurt people. Only Shinshu has the temperament of unity[42].

CITIC

  • Matsumoto/Azumi area

Rough, uncompromising, impatient and arguing. He is an emotionalist and his theory is thorough. It is exclusive and can harm others, but it is sensitive and lacks tenacity.[42].

  • Kiso area

Sincere, unsuspecting and will not hurt each other. Patience and well-preserving old traditions[42].

Nanshin

Generally moderate and progressive. There is unevenness in interpersonal feelings, and it is unlikely to show trust feelings once or twice, and easy compromises are not allowed. Also, if you don't fit your heartstrings, you often turn to the other side.[42].

  • Suwa area

It is rational and has a strong scientific and scientific aspect. There is a strong sense of responsibility[43].. Once decided, I dare to go on a steep road[44].

  • Iida/Ina area

People are very good and very warm, but lack the rigor of doing things thoroughly[43].. Each region of the prefecture has the impression that it is "quiet"[45].

Tourism

Tangible cultural property building

National treasure
Important traditional buildings preservation area
Country designated scenic spots

Main tourist destinations

Foreign relations

Sister/Friendship Alliance

Works set in Nagano Prefecture

People from Nagano Prefecture

Winners of Nagano Prefecture Honor Award

The Nagano Prefectural Citizens' Honor Award was established in 2015 (Heisei 27), and the prefecture commendation rule states that "a person or group is widely loved by the citizens of the prefecture, raises the name of the prefecture, and gives them a bright hope. Especially for those that have achieved particularly outstanding achievements."[46].

Name of winnerFieldAward dateAchievementSource
Seiji OzawaConductor2015/9/28Sage Ozawa Matsumoto FestivalAchievements in[47]
Nao Kodairaspeed skateplayer2018/3/272018 Pyeongchang Olympicsspeed skateWomen's 500m gold medal[48]
Ayaka Kikuchispeed skateplayer2018/3/272018 Pyeongchang Olympicsspeed skateGirlsGroup pursuitgold medal[48]
Takagi Nanaspeed skateplayer2018/3/272018 Pyeongchang Olympicsspeed skateGirlsGroup pursuitMass startWith gold medal[48]

footnote

[How to use footnotes]

注 釈

  1. ^ At the beginning of the candidacy, he said, "I was evaluating Mr. Tanaka's reform stance," and said, "Not Tanaka.TanakaMr.SuperThe catch phrase was "Super Tanaka".
  2. ^ Regarding fornication punishment regulations and restrictions on children going out at night 201611/1Was enforced on.

Source

  1. ^ Nagano prefectural office (elevation displayed at the bottom left of the screen) -Geographical Survey Institute map
  2. ^ Nagano homepage
  3. ^ Nagano Prefecture, "History of Nagano: History, Volume 1989," 287, p. XNUMX.
  4. ^ "Nagano Prefecture's "healthy life expectancy" ranked first in Japan for both men and women"Asahi Shimbun, January 2020, 8.2021/2/16Browse.
  5. ^ Second place is Saitama prefecture, Gifu prefecture,Hyogo7 prefectures.However, Hyogo Prefecture includes the marine section.
  6. ^ The Saitama prefecture side is unpaved and is closed in winter and at night.
  7. ^ Demographics of Nagano City (as of April 23, 4), Viewed May 2011, 10.
  8. ^ Homepage of Matsumoto City (area is as of March 22, 3)Retrieved November 2011, 10.
  9. ^ Population is 2010 of Ministry of Internal Affairs and CommunicationsCensusThan. Area isOkaya City Home PageThan. (Retrieved October 2011, 10)
  10. ^ 2010 Census
  11. ^ Nagano Astronomical Meteorological Education Research Group "Weather in Shinshu" Shinano Mainichi Shimbun, 1978, 213 pages.
  12. ^ Shinano Mainichi Shimbun "Nagano Encyclopedia" Shinano Mainichi Shimbun, 1974, 177 pages.
  13. ^ Japan Meteorological Agency
  14. ^ However, there are cases in which Tohoku Shin is common with East Japan and Central and South Shin is common with West Japan (Kenio Ichikawa 2004, Shinshu Gakudai Zen).
  15. ^ Nagano ed. "25 Nagano Prefectural Statistics" Nagano Prefectural Planning and Promotion Department Information Policy Division Statistics Office, 2016, page 38.
  16. ^ Is the range of "Tokaishu" up to you? (PDF)
  17. ^ Nagano Prefectural Cultural Promotion Agency Nagano Prefectural Buried Cultural Property Center "History of Shinshu through digging-Nagano Prefectural Buried Cultural Property Center 30th Anniversary Magazine-" Nagano Prefectural Cultural Promotion Agency Nagano Prefectural Buried Cultural Property Center 2013, page 7.
  18. ^ Takesakahara Ruins "5-3 years ago" Older than the late Paleolithic Shinano Mainichi Newspaper May 2010, 5[Broken link]
  19. ^ Masaki Fukushima "The Beginning of Shinano History" Sadao Furukawa, Masaki Fukushima, Asao Ihara, Toshiyuki Aoki, Chifumi Kodaira "History of Nagano Prefecture" Yamakawa Publishing Co. 2003, pages 10-12
  20. ^ The author's name "Nagano Prefecture History History Edition Separate Volume Chronology/Index Chronology", published by Nagano Prefectural History Publishing Association, 1992, 595 pages.
  21. ^ "" Prefectural Song Shinano no Kuni "Part 1 <5>". Yomiuri Shimbun. オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2009, 6.. https://web.archive.org/web/20090618080129/http://www.yomiuri.co.jp/e-japan/nagano/kikaku/092/7.htm 2020/9/17Browse. 
  22. ^ Completion of Shinshu-type business classification: 4 cases were "unnecessary" and 7% were "improved"
  23. ^ 2006Census
  24. ^ 2010 Census
  25. ^ Shinano Mainichi Shimbun "Nagano Prefecture Encyclopedia-Revised Edition", Shinano Mainichi Shimbun, 1981, 435 pages.
  26. ^ "47 prefectures encyclopediaPp. 153.
  27. ^ May 2004, 5 Shinano Mainichi Newspaper Economy 28rd page
  28. ^ Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, "Agricultural Income Statistics on Production," 2018
  29. ^ Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry "Industrial Statistics Table Municipal Edition" June 2019, 6
  30. ^ Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry "Commercial Statistics Table Industry Edition" June 2016, 6
  31. ^ August 1995, 8, Shinano Mainichi Shimbun, page 24, "Komakane on the Chuo Expressway-Nakatsu River opening 29 years Memorial lecture at Iida"
  32. ^ April 2006th, 4 Shinano Mainichi Shimbun, 13th page "To realize the Minami Shinshu number: Request for standard relaxation-wide area alliance acts, decision"
  33. ^ Shinonoi Station-Nagano Station-Toyono Station, Shiojiri Station-Matsumoto Station between 2 and 3 hourly
  34. ^ Komoro Station-About 2 trains per hour at Nagano Station
  35. ^ "[http://www.matsumoto-airport.co.jp/timetable/index.htm \ b M.B. www.matsumoto-airport.co.jp. 2020/7/31Browse.
  36. ^ "Basic knowledge of modern Shinshu 1990"
  37. ^ Status of universities and junior colleges by prefecture in 25 Obunsha Educational Information Center
  38. ^ July 2016, 7 One page of Shinano Mainichi Shimbun
  39. ^ July 2016, 7 One page of Shinano Mainichi Shimbun
  40. ^ September 2006, 9, Shinano Mainichi Shimbun, Economics 27rd page
  41. ^ Excluding Sakaemura
  42. ^ a b c d e f g Keigo Hozuki, Hiroyoshi Kobayashi, Shozo Miyawaki (1986) "Nagano Prefecture Fudoki"
  43. ^ a b Mukaiyama Masashige (1988), Yamakuni Life Magazine Vol. XNUMX
  44. ^ Shinano Mainichi Shimbun Editorial Bureau (2003) "Suwa people and climate"
  45. ^ Hachijyo Foundation (1997) "Nagano Prefecture's Local Culture"
  46. ^ Nagano Prefecture Award Rules -Nagano Prefecture, browsed August 2019, 8.
  47. ^ Prefectural government main event 27 (2015) -Nagano Prefecture, browsed August 2019, 8.
  48. ^ a b c "Nao Kodaira & Nana Takagi presented with Nagano Prefecture Honor Award Sponichi March 2018, 3 Viewed August 27, 2019

References

  • Kendai Murayama + Team B "Basic Knowledge of Contemporary Shinshu 1990" Galaxy Shobo, 1990. 
  • Kazuo Yawata "47 Prefectural Unchiku Encyclopedia" PHP Institute, 2009.ISBN 978-4-569-67178-9. 

Related item

外部 リンク

Administration
Tourism
Predecessor:
Ina PrefecturePart of (Shinano countryNorth)
Tatsuoka DomainPart of (Shinano country)
Iwamurata-Komoro prefecture-Ueda-
Matsushiro-Suzaka-Iiyama Prefecture
Chikuma PrefecturePart of (Shinano country)
Changes in administrative districts
1870 - (Nakano prefecture → Nagano prefecture)
Next generation:
-----

Yamanashi

Yamanashi(Yamaashi Ken,British: Yamanashi Prefecture) IsJapan OfChubu regionに 位置 す るPrefecture.Prefectural office locationAnd the largest city isKofu City.Regulatory country OfKai countryEquivalent to.

Overview

To the southMount FujiTo the westAkaishi Mountains(Japan Southern Alps), to the northYatsugatake,To the eastOku-Chichibu MountainsSuch,elevationSurrounded by mountains of over 2,000m-3,000m.Island countryIn Japan,Few to faceInland prefectureIs[Note 1].. Yamanashi Prefecture is the 32nd largest in Japan, but since 8% of it is covered by mountainous areas, the habitable area is 45th.

It is relatively easy to get in and out of the surrounding area, and transportation routes are well established.Tokyo(Islandsexcept for),KanagawaTsukui area,Nagano-Nanshin district,ShizuokaOigawaInteraction with the three sides of the east has been active since ancient times. or,SaitamaChichibu districtThe border withOku-Chichibu MassifAre separated by1998(Heisei10 years)National Route 140Karizaka TunnelWith the opening of the road, it will not only be possible to cross mountainsbusIt is now possible to go directly in and out.

The prefecture name of "Yamanashi"Ritual systemIt is one of the lower Kai four counties.Yamanashi", and the prefecture name is1871(Meiji4) FebruaryAbandoned DomainAt that time, the former Kai country was renamed "Yamanashi prefecture" after Kofu prefecture.[Note 2].. Yamanashi County is a county area to which Kofu, which is the prefectural office, belongs, but the reason for changing the prefecture name is unknown, according to the Meiji New Government.Edo periodIt is possible that the intention was to disconnect[1].. "Yamanashi-gun" is not originally a name that means Kai's country,Meiji EraThe name of the new prefecture did not permeate in the early days, and "Kyochu" was used as the regional designation for the prefecture area in political groups and their magazines.[2].. At present, "Yamanashi" has become a well-known name for the entire prefecture.

Geography/Region

Wide bowl

Center of gravity
35°36′56′N 138°36′31′E

Northern end
35°58′18′N 138°22′23′E
Center of gravity
35°37′35.97′N 138°37′12.79′E
West end
35°42′52′N 138°10′49′E
Yamanashi Prefectural Government Office Location
35°39′50′N 138°34′6′E
Eastern end
35°37′00′N 139°8′4′E
 
Southern tip
35°10′6′N 138°29′28′E
 

terrain

Yamanashi Prefecture has steep terrain,graniteFragile weatheredMasago soilSince there are many sedimentary sites, how to control water was a challenge for political leaders.[4].. All over the prefectureShingen Embankmentと 呼 ば れ るWater controlThere are many remains due to this historical characteristic[4].

nature Park

Climate and flora

Central highland climateHowever, there are large regional differences separated by mountains. Also, the heat of summer is remarkable in the basin, but in winter it is relatively warm considering the latitude and altitude, and the morning and evening chills are severe, but there are many sunny days. Therefore, the daytime temperature tends to rise.This is because the surrounding high-altitude mountain ranges often block cold air from the north and west, and as with the Kanto Plain, the inflow of cold air tends to be delayed.In particular, the maximum temperature tends to be high throughout the year,Nanbu TownThen everything except JanuarySummerThere is a record (25 degrees or more).

Winter monsoon (Yatsugatake Grated) Is strong, but snowfallHeavy snowfall OfMinami Alps(OldAshian Village)WhenHayakawa TownExcept for. Also, in summer, the minimum temperature rises for the altitude, and the average monthly temperature of the minimum temperature in June-August is almost the same as the low altitude plains such as Kumagaya and Tokyo. There is little annual rainfall and long sunshine hours,typhoonIt is also a passage route ofTorrential rainTo be seen in. Therefore, there are many swampsNakakoma areaThen, many houses owned boats.In the foothills, the temperature is cooler than in the basin, the daily temperature difference is large, and the amount of precipitation is large.For this reason, it was suitable for a cool climate around the basin.grapeCultivation is thriving.

FloraIn the basinDeciduous forest, In the mountainous areaAlpine vegetation.. In addition, the Kawachi region in the lower reaches of the Fuji River is warm and rainy.Pacific climateQuite close toLatent natural vegetationEvergreen broad-leaved forest.

Mount FujiThe warmest month average temperature is 6.0℃Köppen climate classificationThen.Tundra climateHas become. Also,KiyosatoHaveMt. Yatsugatake,Aokigahara Jukai,Fuji Five LakesThe surrounding plateau areas such as Mt.Subarctic humid climateBelonging to (Dfb), the cold of winter is very severe-Below 20 degrees, but cool in summerSummer resortBecomesHokkaidoThe climate is similar to.

Average yearly values ​​in Yamanashi prefecture (statistical period: 1971-2000, source:Meteorological Agency / Meteorological Statistics Information
Average price
(Monthly)
Kuchu area·MidwestCounty district・East Fuji Five Lakes
Hokuto
Oizumi
ShinozakiKofuKoshu
Katsunuma
Minobu Town
Cut stone
SouthernKofu City
Koseki
OtsukiFujikawaguchiko Town
Lake Kawaguchi
Yamanakako Village
山 中
Mount Fuji
average
temperature
()
Warmest month22.3
(August)
25.6
(August)
26.2
(August)
25.5
(August)
25.6
(August)
26.0
(August)
23.6
(August)
24.5
(August)
21.8
(August)
20.5
(August)
6.0
(August)
Coldest month-0.4%
(August)
2.1
(August)
2.5
(August)
2.1
(August)
1.7
(August)
3.6
(August)
0.3
(August)
1.7
(August)
-0.8%
(August)
-2.6%
(August)
-18.5%
(August)
Precipitation amount
(mm)
Most months187.8
(August)
215.7
(August)
190.8
(August)
188.4
(August)
307.4
(August)
194.0
(August)
337.9
(August)
236.9
(August)
256.0
(August)
368.7
(August)
Minimum month20.4
(August)
22.1
(August)
23.5
(August)
22.6
(August)
32.9
(August)
29.0
(August)
35.7
(August)
26.6
(August)
33.7
(August)
49.1
(August)

Positioning in Japan's regional divisions

In the geography of Japan as a whole,Hakone PassBecause it is located inland west,East Japanare categorized.

The whole prefectureCentral highlandsGeographically, because it is in the east ofMeijiSince then, Japan has been divided into eight regionsEight regions in JapanThen.Chubu regionLocated in[Note 3].

On the other hand, in administration, economy, prefectural life, etc.Kanto regionNoWide Kanto areaThe aspect of being part of is strong.Chubu Governor's AssociationNot a member of[5],Kanto Governor's AssociationHave participated inMetropolitan Area Improvement ActIs also the target area of[6].

As shown below, even in government agencies, Yamanashi Prefecture is mostly in the Kanto area.OfficeHas jurisdiction.

In addition, in the proportional representation block of the House of Representatives, the Kanto and Chiba prefectures together with the South Kanto block, and in the field of defense together with Kanagawa and Shizuoka prefectures.South Kanto Defense BureauIt is often treated as South Kanto along with Kanagawa Prefecture, etc. In the judicial field,Tokyo High Public Prosecutor's Office Kofu Local Prosecutor's OfficeIn addition toKofu District CourtThe upper court ofTokyo High Court.

In terms of culture and sports,National Athletic MeetYamanashi prefecture is in the Kanto block[10]Is a local competition for student track and field.Hakone EkidenThere are many cases where it is treated as part of the Kanto region, such as the participation of a university located in Yamanashi Prefecture.
Passes through the prefecture even in fields such as private businesses including public utilitiesJROut of the lineChuo Main Line East Japan Railway(JR East)Hachioji branchIt is often under the jurisdiction of the sales department in the Kanto area, such as the jurisdiction of the Japan Post South Kanto Branch with Kanagawa Prefecture.

Yamanashi Prefecture may also be treated as a region on the east side of the Chubu region, together with other prefectures closely related to the Kanto region. Yamanashi and Shizuoka (the eastern side is oldSuruga country) TogetherMountain(San, Yamazuzu) andShellSay this. Nagano (old)Shinano country) TogetherKoshin regionIs also called. to thisNiigata(OldEchigo country) Is addedKoshinetsu district,Tokai regionAnd addTokai Koshin regionBecomes


Adjacent prefectures

Tokyo - Kanagawa - Saitama - Shizuoka - Nagano

YamanashiMinamitsuru-gunYamanakako VillageShizuokaSunto-gunOyama TownNear Kagosaka Pass and Yamanashi PrefectureMinamitsuru-gunNarusawa Villageas well as the FujiyoshidaShizuokaFujinomiya cityas well as the Sunto-gunOyama Town OfMount FujiNear the summit (Prefectural border) Has two undecided sections.GotembaIt is,Oyama TownSince there is an undecided part between the two, there is a possibility of contact with Fujiyoshida City and Narusawa Village.

Municipalities

There are 13 municipalities, 5 districts, 8 towns and 6 villages. The only way to read the town is Fujikawaguchiko Town as "town", all others as "chou" and all villages as "mura".

City
County

Area classification within the prefecture

The prefecture area is centered on the Kofu basin in the MidwestAll over the country(Kunanaka) and the eastern partSagami RiverTamagawaIt consists of the upper reaches of Mt. Fuji and the northern foot of Mt. FujiIn the countyIt is roughly divided into (Gunnai). Bothdialect(Because the connection with the Kanto region is higher in the county than in the country,West Kanto dialectIt is also very different in nature and culture.

The Kuninchu region is further divided into "Kyochu", "Kyohoku", "Kyoto East", "Kyonan" and "Kyosai" by adding a word indicating the direction after "Kyo", which means Kai.[11].

"Kunichu" and "County" areSengoku periodSince then. "Midwest" and "East Fuji Five Lakes" are used for weather information. The county name has been used since ancient times. "Gai ○" is a division of the Regional Development Bureau, which is the prefecture's outreach organization (in addition to these four, there are the Eastern and Fuji-North Foot Regional Development Bureaus).Kuchu areaIn the Tokai regionCultureOn the other hand, the county area is a cultural area of ​​the Kanto area. DialectCountry dialectCounty dialectDifferent.

History

Prehistoric

In the Kofu basinKamanashi River,Fuefuki River OfFlood plainIs spreading. In the county area, it was difficult to settle down due to the volcanic activity of Mt. Fuji.

PaleolithicRuins of Nagano PrefectureYatsugatakeAt the foot of the mountain and in ShizuokaAtagoyama-Mt. HakoneIt is mainly distributed in the Katsura River basin, which belongs to the neighboring cultural areas. The oldest Ippiboku ruins (Tsuru city)Tateishi Ruins(Kofu City) and the foot of YatsugatakeRuins in hill park(Hokuto City)KozushimaProductionobsidianExcavated (Hokuto City), obsidian from Nagano Prefecture was discoveredTenjindo ruinsAlthough the density is low compared to the surrounding area, materials showing human migration with the surrounding area have been excavated.

Jomon PeriodFrom the beginning to the first halfspringThe ruins are distributed at the foot of the mountain where people can use, and it is the transition period from the late Paleolithic period to the Jomon period.Kantori ruins(Hokuto City) and Kanto Cultural Area influenceIkenomoto Ruins(Fujiyoshida City) appears. It is a large-scale village ruin that has expanded into the basin in the middle period.Shakado Ruins(Fuefuki City, Koshu City) and delicate earthenware designated as an important cultural property were excavated.Ichinosawa ruins, Rich living relics have been excavatedKachoyama RuinsEtc. appeared, and one stone was thrown into the argumentPerforated earthenware with a collarRelics that have been noted in archaeological history have also been excavated. In the western part of the basin, the western county area is a flood plain of the Kamanashi River, and archaeological sites are scarce, but in recent years elaborate earthenware andClay figurineWas excavatedFoundry RuinsHas been excavated and is receiving attention.

Although the number of archaeological sites will decrease in the latter half of the year due to global cooling,Stone arrangementIt is considered to be a ritual facilityYatsugatakeSouth footKinsei Ruins(Hokuto City)Ushiishi Ruins(Tsuru City) etc. appears. In the Katsura River basin in the county area, relics exchanging with the Kanto area have been excavated.

Yayoi PeriodToMinaraisawa Ruins,Gold tail ruinsThere are village ruins such as, in (Nirasaki City)Paddy fieldHas been confirmed. Southwestern basinSone HillsThen.Tokai regionYayoi culture flows in viaSquare gutter tombCan be seenKofun periodThere are ruins leading to.

Kofun period4st centuryIn the second halfKinaiEstablished inYamato kingshipIt is believed that he had political contact with. In the Sone hills of the first half of the 4th centuryFront and rear burial moundsIsKohirazawa burial moundThe largest scale in the second half of the 4th centuryKai Choshizuka Tumulus,Oka Choshizuka TumulusInfluential Emirates classFront and rear circleAppears,Triangular Edge God Beast MirrorSuch burial items have also been excavated. In the 5th century, the central powers declined, and the construction of burial mounds spread throughout the basin.

Ancient times

"KokuzohonkiAccording toEmperor KageyukiIn the age ofHiko SahoOf the fourth grandchildren ofShioumi Ashikaga Kai KunizoIt is said that he was appointed to.In ancient timesRitual systemKai is established below. 『Japanese later"PostponementAccording to Article 16 of the year, they are adjacent to each other over the attribution of Tsuru-gun in eastern Kai.Sagami countryThere was a dispute with him. Kai CountryGoki ShichidoThen.TokaidoIs established in Yamanashi, Yatsushiro, Koma, and Tsuru. The township is "Japanese name Juju] 31 townships are listed. Yamanashi and Yatsushiro counties are the political centers of ancient Kai,KokufuIs believed to have moved to Misaka-cho, Fuefuki-shi, Yatsushiro-gun, due to the existence of the former Kokufu in Kasugai-cho, Fuefuki-shi, Yamanashi-gun.Public roadBranch off the Tokaido, pass through Tsuru-gun, enter the Kofu basin, and reach KaifuKaijiWas present. Of the four counties, Koma county in western Kai isMigrantIt is believed that the county was established by the settlement of the.

on the other hand,"Record of Ancient Matters''Japanese calligraphy』(Writing)Japanese mythInYamato TakeruIn the eastern expedition of (Wak Jianmei, Nihon Takeson)AshigarayamaEntering Kai fromSake OrimiyaIn Kofu City Sake Ori, a story about exchanging songs with an old man is left. It is believed that the Japanese myths listed in Kiiki reflect the historical recognition of the Nara era when both books were established, but in terms of archeology, Kai's history is from the latter half of the 4th century in the late Kofun period.KinaiIt seems that it was under the influence ofYamato kingshipIs believed to reflect the relationship between Kai and local Australians in Kai. Yamato Takeru's expedition route from Mt. Ashigara to Kai-koku is also attracting attention in clarifying the ancient transportation system.

Also,"Japanese sequelIs worthKokujiThere is a story about "Kai no Koma" that Fumihiro Tanabe donated to the court. 『Enki ceremonyAccording to ", in the eastern provinces, including Kai, Shinano(I.e.-MusashiIn ShikokuMimakiIt was written that the horses were being produced and horse breeding was performed. OrNagaya royal treeIt has been confirmed from the above that the tribute to the Imperial Court has been confirmed. According to the "Enki Shiki", there were Hosaka Maki and Maino Maki Kashiomae Maki in Kai.[12].

In the Heian periodIchikawasoSuch asManorWas established, and in the eastern part of the Kofu basin, which is the seat of the national government, Mr. Saegusa, a government official, made Yatsushiro-so the power base. 『Chokan KanmonAccording toInsurance2 years(1162) Has been hit by Saegusa.

In the late Heian periodHitachi countryからYoshiyoshi Minamoto,Source of lightTo IchikawasoDistributionWas done. The descendants of Yoshikiyo and Kiyomitsu became native to various parts of the Kofu basin, and laterMr. KaiBecomes

中 世

Heian periodLateApproval4 years(1180),Iinou Ofcommand of a princeWhen they are given to Genji of each country, the family of Mr. Kai Gen also raises soldiers for the Taira administration. Mr. Kai Gen’s familyIzukuni OfYoritomo GengenIn cooperation withBattle of Fuji Riverな どResponsibility and Rebellion of ToshinagaPlay an active part in. After the turmoil, he became the master of Kai GenMr. Takeda TheKai country OfGuardianHowever, the family of Mr. Kai Kai declined after being purged by Minamoto no Yoritomo. Takeda was not necessarily a guardian of Kai in the Middle Ages.Kamakura ShogunateAfter the destructionHojo trainHojo's remnant causedRan of the Middle AgesBelongs to Hojokata,Northern and Northern DynastiesToKenmu administrationSeparated fromTakashi AshikagaObeyed.

Muromachi PeriodIsMuromachi ShogunateKamakura PrefectureAnd the conflict in Kamakura PrefectureKamakura publicKanto areaAffected by the turmoil of the Kanto region such as the conflict.Oei23 years(1416), of KamakuraMr. AshikagaIn contrast, in the former Kanto regionZenhide UesugiWas raised byUesugi Zenhide no RanThen, Kai KaiNobumitsu TakedaDies with Zen Hidekata and is destroyed. As a result, Kai is in a state of no protection, and Mr. Ashikaga is worth it.ChineseIn support of, he opposed the Muromachi Shogunate. On the other hand, the Muromachi ShogunateNobumoto Takeda,continueNobushige TakedaAppointed as Kai guardian, as a guardianAtobeWas dispatched. Since then, in Kai, there has been a dispute between the guardian Takeda and the leading nations and Mr. Atobe.

GuardianNobumasa Takeda TheKansei5 years(1464) Excludes Mr. Atobe. Nobumasa is a legitimateShinnawaI gave up my family to and retired. Later of the second sonNobue YukawaShows his intention to give over to the family, and an introvert between Nobunawa and Nobue arises. Nobuna no KoTakeda Nobutora TheEisei5 years(1508), and the people of leading countries in the Chugoku region and the people of Tsuru-gun (country region)Mr. OyamadaAnd subordinate. Furthermore, Shintora is from SurugaImagawaAnd ShinanoMr. Suwa,Ogiya Uesugi family-Yamauchi Uesugi FamilyAlliance with SagamiMr. GohojoWhile attacking, Shinano invadedSaku attackSee). In addition, Shintora is from the conventional (Kawata Town, Kofu City)Kofu OfKagigasakikanMoved the guard house to (Fufuchu Town, Kofu City) and newlycastle townTo maintain the vassals.

In Tsuru-gun, Mr. Oyamada subordinates to Mr. Takeda, but laterTanimurakanBased on its own domain control. In Kawachi territoryAnayamaWhile he became a vassal of Takeda as well, he dominated the area based on Shimoyamakan.

NobutorakoHarunobu Takeda(Shingen) isastronomicalIn 10 (1541), he succeeded to the family by expulsing Nobutora to Suruga. Harunobu changes Shintra's foreign policy and destroys Shinano SuwaSuwa-gunTo territory. Furthermore, if you connect Wajo with Mr. Hojo after Sagami Country, you will find the area between Imagawa and Hojo.Kato RebellionArbitration between the three partiesKoso Sunkyo AllianceIs established. On the other hand, the invasion of Shinano made him a hostile relationship with Uesugi Yamauchi,MurakamiShinano Kokutora of the Shinano people and Echigo country (Kenshin Uesugi)WhenBattle of KawanakajimaUnfold.

After unifying Shinano, Nishi Ueno andInvasion of Imagawa territoriesAndMikawaNorthTotomiEast/North,MinoEna-gunAlso sent out,Oda Nobunaga,Tokugawa IeyasuCountered. In addition, the power of the daimyo established during the Shingen period led to the development of its own territorial rule. The flood control policy, such as the implementation of inspections and the construction of Shingen embankment to investigate annual tribute income, became the agricultural policy for farmers.KagigasakikanThe castle town of Kofu centered aroundKurokawa Kanayama,Yunooku KanayamaThe territorial management business that activates the commerce, such as the development of the operation until the early modern period, is being conducted.

Shingen died and took over the familyKatsuyori Takeda TheBattle of NagashinoLost to the sovereignty of the territory,Tensho10 years(1582) In March, by Nobunaga Oda and Ieyasu TokugawaKoshu conquestSengoku DaimyoTakeda as was destroyed. In addition, of the lord of the county who separated from KatsuyoriNobushige OyamadaIs served by Mr. Oda, but is executed, and Mr. Oyamada, the lord of the county, is also destroyed.

The early modern period

After the death of Mr. Takeda, Kai One Country and Shinano Suwa-gunKawajiri HidetakaRuled in June of the same yearThe Honnoji TempleHidetaka died sideways with a riot. TakedaTensho Miho no RanIeyasu Tokugawa and SagamiHojoInvaded Kai and confronted Yatsugatake at the southern foot of Shichiriiwa area, but after the formation of the Tokugawa-Hojo Alliance in October of the same year, Mr. Gohojo withdrew. Mr. Tokugawa dominated Kai.

After that, IeyasuHideyoshi ToyotomiReturned to.The death of Mr. GohojoLater Tensho 18 years (1590) Was transferred to Kanto,Asano NagamasaToyotomi Daimyo entered.Toyotomi AdministrationKai was emphasized below as a base for Ieyasu in the East,Kofu CastleWas built and a new castle town was established,InspectionWas also done.

Keicho5 years(1600)ofBattle of SekigaharaLater, the victorious Ieyasu Tokugawa led the national relocation of the daimyo. In KaiAsanoWas transferred to Wakayama, and reigned directly by Mr. Tokugawa. Kai is emphasized as a key point of Kanto defense,Edo PeriodInitially, in the countryKofu Domain), within the countyFutami Daimyo(Tanimura Domain) Was placed. To the Kofu clanKofu Tokugawa familyWas sealed, and the feudal government system was set up.HoeiIn the first year (1704)Tokugawa Isenori) Became the successor to the shogun,Kawagoe DomainmainYanagisawa YoshihoReceived by Yoshibo's childYoshiriIs the first Kofu lord to enter the country. Besides, in KaiFlag bookThere was a territory.

Reform of KyohoInEdo ShogunateDirect territoryIs being maintained,Kyoho9 years(1724) To Kirito is YamatoKoriyama DomainKai is now under the direct jurisdiction of the Shogunate, and the Tanimura domain is alsoAkimotoAfter being transferred, it was directly controlled. Kofu TownKofu work number, Who isKofu Deputy OfficeBecame ruled by the three-part deputy minister, and the county was set up by the Tanimura sub-office, which is a business trip office of the Isawa sub-office.Extended enjoymentIn 3 (1746)Three LordsThe bribery ofTayasu familyOnly territoryBakumatsuSurvived.

The modern age is worthKofu castle townIn addition to the castle town of Tanimura Castle TownHometown,Minobuyama Kuonji Temple OfMonzen-choOf Yoshida and Kawaguchi at the foot of Mt. FujiMasterDeveloped cities and towns such as towns. ,Koshu Highway,Suzhou transit,Ome returnThe various highways such as In the early Edo periodRyo KadokurabyFuji RiverExcavation work is being doneFuji River Boat,ChumaThe land transportation developed by the company, and the annual tribute rice of Kai and Shinano was transported in the late Edo period.[13].

In modern times, flood control andWaterwayHas been excavated and the flood control of the Kamanashigawa and Mitesigawa riversTokushima damExcavation, in the countyArakura excavationThe excavation will be carried out and it will be maintained even in Kofu Castle. As the flood control progresses,Nitta developmentProgresses,sericulture,fabricThe industry has developed. In the Kofu basin, rice barley is generally cultivated for commercial crops,PeddlerThe general practice was to combine overtime work between farms such as carpenters and carpenters. In Kai mountain village with many mountains, forestry, hunting,Charcoal making,lacquerMountain production such as extraction and mine management has developed, and since there are few flat areas in the county, the percentage of textile production and unpaid wages along the road is high. Due to these characteristics of vocational lifeHydrologyAnd the benefits of the mountainMountain theoryIs occurring frequently.

In addition, it is a gold tax system in Kai.Large and small tax law,Koshu gold-Koshu MasuThe three provinces of Koshu exist as their own national system, and the territorial people are resisting the abolition and revision of the lord's side. In addition, there is a peasant revolt due to a collision with the lord side, a disaster, a bad harvest, etc.Taisou, From the peasant priest in the county in the late Edo periodAbsentee・A nationwide turmoil involving villainsTempo riotSuch as largePeasantAlso occurred.

In terms of culture, the entertainment culture has risen due to the development of Kofu Castle Town, and the Daimyo culture developed during the Kofu domain and the townsman culture developed during the late Edo period. Kofu duty officers and workmen have academic interests and are a comprehensive geographical magazine of Kai country.Kunishi KaiIt is an educational institute for workmen where compilation of local magazines such as ""HodenkanWas also opened. In Kofu, the townsman Kameya Yobei opened a theater hut, performing various arts such as Kabuki, Sumo and Ningyo Joruri.1841(TempoKofu townspeople are popular in Edo in 12Ukiyo-eBe a teacherHiroshige UtagawaAnd decorate the castle's main street with a curtain painting by a popular Ukiyo-e artist such as HiroshigeKofu Dosojin FestivalWas founded. Besides,Haiku,WasanAnd so on.

In addition, Shingen Takeda gathered the reverence of Kai residents from the early modern period, and the remains of the Takeda's mansion, graves, and temples related to Takeda were established as ancient sites. In modern timesKoyo Army] Was established and was widely read and influential among samurai and common people, including related books, and the literature and Ukiyo-e about the Takeda family were produced.

In the latter half of Edo, there was no lodging due to the devastation of rural villages characteristic of Eastern countries.PhilosopherIncreased,Angoro Takei,Kurozoma ShozoThe Koshu Expo emerged.Bakumatsu OfOpening Japan # Opening JapanByYokohama port Open portWhen done,Koshuya Chuemon-Wakao IppeiThe local merchants exported the Koshu products and built wealth. Wakao Ippei in KofuSilk industryTo emerge as a new merchant,Meiji EraToKoshu ZaibatsuTo form.

From the Meiji Restoration to the end of the war

Keio4 years(MeijiFirst year,1868) In March, the new government entered Kofu CastleItagaki RetirementWith the Koshu Highway Army,Isamu KondoOf the former shogunate armyKoyo Zhentai(Shinsengumi)ButKatsunuma(KoshuPart of)Daizenji TempleCrashed at (Battle of Koshu Katsunuma). The former shogunate army was destroyed and the Koshu Zhenfu was established.

same year10/19(Lunar calendar November 9), within KaiFuchu(Prefectural office locationIs Kofu, Yamanashi County,Ichikawa,IsawaIs installed,12/11(Lunar calendar November 10) To integrate these three prefecturesKaifuWas installed. Meiji 2 (18698/27(Lunar calendar November 7), "PrefectureIs calledKyoto-Tokyo-OsakaBecause it was limited toKofu prefectureWas renamed.

3th year of Meiji (1870) In May, annexed Tayasu, and18718/29(Lunar calendar November 7)ofAbandoned DomainAfter that, Kofu prefecture continued to exist, but the first prefecture integration started at the end of October of the same year (Old calendar)Nirayama Government OfficeTook overNirayamaKai's domestic jurisdictions are integrated,12/31(Lunar calendar November 11) The entire area of ​​KaiYamanashiWas established. The prefectural capital remains Kofu, Yamanashi-gun, the first generationPrefectural orderToDohiWas entrusted with.1873(Meiji 6)Shiro Fujimura OfAquaculture industryThe policy led to the solicitation of the silk industry, the development of roads and financial institutions. EspeciallyOme HighwayFujimura is also called the "Road Prefectural Ordinance" because it promoted road maintenance such as renovation of[14].

1909(Meiji 42)armyKofu Regiment (49rd Infantry Regiment) Was installed.Pacific WarInsideEvacuationIt was also on the ground,1945(Showa 20) In MarchKofu air raidI met him and the city returned to the city.

Also, during the Meiji era, it suffered great damage from the 1882, 1885, 1907, and 1910, and suffered great damage.[4].. This is not only due to topographical reasons, but also due to the strong ownership of forests.SatoyamaPartly due to the artificial reasons of the devastation and rapid development of[4].. In 1873Ground revisionAfter that, the forests were classified as public-private, and more than 99% of the prefecture was officially owned in 1881, and in 1889Royal familyBecame a property[4].. As a result, the local people were forced to take troublesome procedures when collecting plants and trees, and frequent thiefing and forest fires led to the devastation of satoyama.[4].. Furthermore, it is a major product of Japan in the Meiji periodSilk fabricFor productionsilkwormServe as food forKuwahataForests were thoroughly felled for the purpose of clearing the trees and procuring firewood and charcoal.[4].. Assuming that this led to a major disaster, in 1911 the forest was returned to the prefecture free of charge and became a prefectural forest.Right to joinEtc. were returned to public ownership[4].

From the postwar period to the present

*For the Japanese occupation period, seeJapan under Allied occupationSee. After the end of the war1945(Showa 20) In MarchU.S. Army 8th ArmyTroops advance to Kofu. By the end of the year, the fighting troops were pulled up, and a small number of Yamanashi prefectural military administrations seized Western-style buildings around the prefectural office to monitor the prefecture. The prefecture's population isDemobilizationIncreased due to the return of soldiers and evacuated people, the food situation worsened due to disaster damage from the devastation of the forest during the war. Authorities will take measures such as distribution of imported rice from Niigata Prefecture and release of food by the US military, but food shortages continued for a while, and unpolished rice was distributed.

Allied Supreme Commander General CommandFollowing the reforms by (GHQ), political party activities and the publication of newspapers will be restarted in the prefecture.1946(Showa 21)Ministry of InteriorThe elected governor was introduced in place of local control by bureaucrats,1947In the 22st prefectural governor election in (Showa XNUMX)Yoshie KatsuhoIs elected and becomes the first elected governor. Yoshie1948(February 23) In February, although 2 policies were set, such as increased food production and restoration of forests, due to financial difficulties and other factors, the recovery of the industrial base could not continue, and the social welfare system was only a concept.

1951In the governor election in (Showa 26)Democratic PartyRepresentativeAmano HisaIs defeated and beats Governor Yoshie to win the election. Amano's "Rich Yamanashi" is held, and the Teshigawa River in the western part of the Kofu Basin, which lacks waterFanTo developNorogawa comprehensive developmentThe plan was to build a water supply and prefectural power plant with the support of the national government. Also,Shin-Sasako TunnelMain road maintenance by constructionHigh economic growthOver the same period, it has led to the promotion of fruit farming and tourism. On the other hand, there was a disaster caused by development during the Amano Prefectural Government,Kitafuji Exercise AreaThe problem occurs. In 1959 and 1966, Yamanashi Prefecture suffered a large-scale damage from a typhoon, but it is said that the stagnation of the flood control project during the war and the post-war development led to the spread of damage.[4].

1967(Showa 42) Defeated Governor Amano and became the third governorKunio TanabeHolds "Healthy Yamanashi" and proposes a green plan that considers environmental protection because the development of industrial parks and the development of trunk roads have been carried out with the policy of attracting one village and one factory. .. On the other hand, criticism continued when the mountain peak skyline concept was materialized, and the stagnation of the Kitafuji practice field problemOil shockThe huge development concept was abandoned due to the recession due to the influence of the. In the cultural business,1978French painter (53)Millet"Sowder" was awarded and purchased for 2 million yenYamanashi Prefectural Museum of ArtFounded.

Tanabe prefectural government aimed for the fourth term in response to the booming Japanese economy, but supported former Governor Amano in central politics.LDP政治家Kanamaru ShinThe Kanamaru faction became the largest faction even in the prefectural assembly when the influence increased.Yukiaki MochizukiAdvocated.1979In the prefectural governor election in (54), Governor Tanabe was defeated and Mochizuki was elected. Mochizuki Prefectural Government established the all-party system in the prefectural assembly following the guardianship of Shin Kanamaru,Bubble economyReceived a boost from1986(Showa 61)Kaiji National Athletic MeetHolding, advanced utilization of prefectural forests, creation of resort facilities,Linear test lineWas recommended.

1965By (40), the Chuo Main Line in the prefecture was double-tracked and electrified,1982(Showa 57)Chuo ExpresswayIs open to the whole line. AlsoIzumi Onsen,Fuji Five Lakes,KiyosatoWith such tourist spots being developed, it has also developed as a tourist spot that allows short-day trips from the Tokyo metropolitan area.

Bubble economy collapseThen, the economy of the prefecture fell sharply. Land prices in central Kofu have fallen for 15 consecutive years, and resort areas such as Kiyosato will decline. On the other handBed townThen.Ito-Yokado,ApitaShopping centers such as opened one after another,Kofu Seibu,Daiei Yumura SCHas withdrawn and is developing towards the stagnation of Kofu downtown.

Governor Mochizuki abandoned four elections,1992(4) criticized the Mochizuki prefectural government and defeated the Kanamaru candidate to win the election.Amano KenThe governor (father is Hisashi Amano, mentioned above) is carrying out the "Kosumi Prefecture Yamanashi" project, which emphasizes environmental administration while reviewing public works during financial difficulties.Yamanashi Prefectural MuseumWe will promote the construction of1996(8) has suffered for many yearsSchistosoma japonicum(Local illness) End declaration.

After Governor Amano,2003Former Mayor of Kofu since (15)Eihiko YamamotoBecame the governor. It was untouched after the bubble burstKofu StationMaintenance of the north exitChubu Crossing Expressway OfMasuho ICPromoted construction in the south. However, due to the confusion of prefectural government,2007 electionMasaaki YokouchiYamamoto prefectural government ended in the first term. Yokouchi Prefectural Government will redevelop the center of Kofu City and expand the special products of Yamanashi Prefecture overseas as “top sales”. During this time,World financial crisis,Great East Japan EarthquakeIn particular, business sentiment in Yamanashi had cooled and was at the bottom of the whole country. From Yokouchi, which continued for the second term2015(27) took over prefectural governmentSaito GotoHas launched policies such as measures to reduce population, but they are forced to revise and review policies,2019 electionKotaro NagasakiHave been defeated by.

2003From (15)Great Heisei mergerWas held, and there were 64 municipalities in 27 (2010(As of March 22).

End of Heisei2018(30) In addition to being the best healthy life expectancy in Japan (1st place for men and 1rd place for women) in the ranking by prefecture based on the standards[15],Oriental economyRankings in the happiness ranking[16].. However, in the ranking of migration destinations by the NPO "Furusato Regression Support Center", the 4th place overall is ranked 60th overall in the 2s and over, while the 30s to 50s are ranked 3rd nationwide, while the 20s are outside the 10th place. Tori[17],Diamond CompanyIt is the lowest in the "prefecture ranking with strong local love" by[18]However, while the elderly are highly evaluated, young people and those who have moved out of the prefecture tend to be less evaluated.

population

Demography19000.svg
Population distribution by age in Yamanashi prefecture and Japan (2005)Yamanashi Prefecture Age and Gender Population Distribution (2005)
Purple-Yamanashi Prefecture
Green-All over Japan
Blue-male
Red-female

Changes in the population of Yamanashi Prefecture
Ministry of Internal Affairs and CommunicationsStatistics Bureau CensusThan

city

Yamanashi Prefecture Population Ranking by City

Yamanashi Prefecture city population density ranking (2016(As of 28)
  1. Kai city(1,040/km2
  2. Chuo City(980 people/km2
  3. Kofu City(905 people/km2
  4. Fujiyoshida(401 people/km2
  5. Fuefuki city(344 people/km2

Politics

Prefectural government

finance

  • 2006(18) Degree
    • Fiscal strength index 0.39
      • Group III (financial power index 0.3 or more, less than 0.4) 11th out of 2 municipalities
  • 2005(17) Degree
    • Fiscal strength index 0.35
      • Group III (financial power index 0.3 or more, less than 0.4) 14th out of 10 municipalities
  • 2004(16) Degree
    • Fiscal strength index 0.32
      • Group III (financial power index 0.3 or more, less than 0.4) 13th out of 11 municipalities

National politics

House of Representatives OfSmall districtWas reduced from 2013 to 3 due to the zoning revision in 2.House of CouncilorsThen, 1 ward is constructed in all prefectures.

Economic and industrial

Primary industry

Yamanashi PrefectureCentral highland climateTherefore, the difference in temperature is large,Agriculture:Suitable area forKofu basinIt is a flat area with good drainage centering around. Due to flood control and canal development in the Edo periodNitta developmentWas carried out and agricultural productivity was improved,sericulture,Fruit treeSuch asCommodity cropIt was developing a form of agriculture that combined cultivation.

Sericulture was in the early Meiji eraAquaculture industryWas one of Japan's leading sericulture prefectures,Chemical fiberWith the rise of No. 30 and the like, the number of sericulture has decreased and the number of fruit trees has increased since the XNUMXs. Landscape changes due to the conversion of mulberry fields to orchards,Annual eventIt has brought about changes in life and culture.

Post-warHigh economic growthDuring the period, the Japanese economy reduced the weight of agriculture, but the role of agriculture also declined in the Yamanashi economy, where industry had fallen behind, and the number of farmers and the cultivated area decreased. On the other hand, we are changing the form of agriculture in response to the changes in national life caused by economic growth.grape,peach,CherryThe demand for fruit tree cultivation has increased. Koshu brewed from Yamanashi grapesWine"Modern domestic winePioneer of[19].. Yamanashi ``Wine Prefecture'' declaration was made on August 2019, 8[20].

In addition,Capital Area,Chukyo areaUtilizing geographical conditions close toTourismThere are many places that attract tourists as farms.

From the 1980s to the 1990s, the trend toward fruit tree cultivation and the decline of agriculture further accelerated, and the first type of agriculture mainlyPart-time farmerShows the transition from farming to a second-class part-time farmer. With thisMountainous areaAroundAgingShortage of agricultural successors,DepopulationHas become a problem in recent years.

In addition,Mineral waterProduction of 52 kmliter(2004(16)) and accounts for 40% of Japan's total production. Because of the mountainous terrainAquiferThere is a lot of exposure, and it is clear because urbanization has not progressedspringCan be collected in large quantities, and it is close to the major consumption areas of Tokyo輸送costBecause of the small size, many major manufacturers choose Yamanashi Prefecture as the collection site. The main production area isJapan Southern AlpsAt the foot of the mountainMount FujiandMitsugoIt is at the foot of the mountain.

Secondary industry

From the late Edo period to the modern period and the late Showa periodsericulture-Silk industryWas prosperous, but after the war it turned to the sun and is now declining. In addition, it is difficult to use a large amount of water because there is no sea or taiga, and the transportation system was undeveloped until a while after the war.Steel-金属Such asHeavy industryIs a land that is hard to develop. On the other hand, since the water quality is good because it is surrounded by mountains on all four sides, after the opening of the whole line of the Chuo Expressway after the war,Nagano OfSuwa areaと と も にPrecision machineryIndustry is well developed. Other than thatQuartz (crystal)Since it was the mining area ofjewelryThe processing industry is well developed. As of 2018, jewelry andPrecious metalNearly 1000 companies are involved in the processing and distribution of[21].

Industrial parks are scattered in almost all areas centering on the Kofu basin and the foot of Mt. Fuji, but it is difficult to form large-scale industrial parks due to the small area of ​​habitable land. Therefore, in recent years, many companies are moving to industrial parks outside the prefecture.

Utilizing rivers with height differences such as Fuji River from before the warHydroelectric power plantWas built and has jurisdiction over Yamanashi Prefecture after the warTEPCOnot onlyYamanashi Prefecture Enterprise BureauA hydroelectric power station was also built. The electricity generated by the Corporate BureauTEPCO HoldingsWas sold to Yamanashi Prefecture, which helps finance Yamanashi Prefecture. We also used the length of daylight hoursSolar powerWas also built,Yonekurayama Solar Power PlantA 10MW class power plant is operating. Most of the power plants in Yamanashi are hydropower and sunlight,Thermal power plant,Nuclear power plantIs none.

Tertiary industry

Kofu castle town in the early modern period developed as a commercial base,Chuo Main LineIs openedKofu StationOpened, including Yamanashi Prefectural Government OfficeOkajima Department Store,Kofu Matsubishi(AfterYamako Department StoreIt will be closed in 2019), etc.Postwar reconstruction periodUntil then, it developed mainly at Kofu station. HoweverHigh economic growthEven in the prefecturemotorizationProgresses in parallelPublic transportHas declined. Kofu, which is the old castle town, has a narrow road, and the tendency to avoid the front of Kofu station where traffic congestion becomes noticeable has increased. insteadhighway,Bypass roadSince large commercial facilities have advanced one after another in the suburbs where1990 eraThanDonut phenomenonIs in progress. Also, the speedup of the Chuo Main LineExpress BusTo the outside of the prefectureStraw effectHas happened, which has an impact on the commerce of Yamanashi Prefecture itself.Ministry of Internal Affairs and CommunicationsAccording to the "Economic Census-Basic Survey," the department store/supermarket has 10 stores per 0.71 population, the worst in the country.

Characterized by the large number of restaurants in the restaurant industry,Sushi Shop,Gust,Bamiyan,Mos BurgerIs the number one store nationwide[22].. There are many sushi restaurants, even though the sea is not adjacent to each other, and there are places with 100 or 5 stores per 6m in the center of Kofu City. The reason why there are many sushi restaurants in Yamanashi is that there is a longing for the sea, and there was no need to always eat at celebrations, and instead sushi was served as food for celebrations. Has been[23].. Also, in FujikawaKajikazawa riverbankFrom the trace of the Meiji periodTunaLarge-scale fish bones such asSuzhou transit,Middle roadIt is believed that seafood was imported from the Suruga area using the.

Since ancient times as a hot spring/accommodation facilityYumura hot spring,Lower part hot springAfter the war,Izumi OnsenAlthough the ryokan-type facilities developed, such as the eruption ofHot spring townIs declining. Instead, in the 21st century, hotels with capitals outside the prefecture expanded into central Kofu,2010 eraTo become andInbound consumptionThe number of lodging facilities around the Fuji Five Lakes is increasing due to the increase in the number of houses and the registration of World Heritage Sites around Mount Fuji.

Other

Headquartered major companies

Construction industry
Manufacturing industry
Information and communication industry
Transportation industry
Wholesale / Retail
Financial industry
Service industry

Major companies with bases

Life and transportation

Policemen

Transportation

aviation

In Yamanashi prefecture空港As an airport that does not exist and handles passengers in adjacent prefectures,Shinshu Matsumoto Airport(Nagano) AndHaneda airport(Tokyo),Mount Fuji Shizuoka Airport(Shizuoka prefecture).

At Haneda AirportNarita Airport(Chiba) To Kofu Station and Mt. Fuji Station/Kawaguchiko Station, and to Mt. Fuji Shizuoka Airport from Kawaguchiko StationAirport busThere is a public transportation system that goes directly to the airport. On the other hand, there is no direct access to Shinshu Matsumoto Airport,Matsumoto StationYou need to transfer at. As for Mt. Fuji Shizuoka Airport, there is a plan to operate an airport communication bus from Kofu Station depending on the progress of the Chubu Transverse Expressway.

Train

Except the Koumi Line,ElectrificationHas been done.

20153/14 OfHokuriku Shinkansen OfNagano Station(Nagano)- Kanazawa Station(Ishikawa) After opening, Yamanashi prefecture will be in the Chubu regionFukuiと と も にShinkansenLine is not on[Note 4].

Bus company

Prefecture bus transport personnel (annual)
  • 2012: 695

*The second busiest in Japan

道路

highway·toll road

National road

Regional high standard road
Prefectural road
OtherGeneral road

Medical and welfare

Disaster base hospital
Yamanashi disaster base hospital
Nursery
Yamanashi nursery school list

Education

University
Junior college
Vocational school
List of Yamanashi special training schools
Special school
List of Yamanashi special support schools
high school
Yamanashi High School List
Junior high school
Yamanashi Junior High School List
primary school
Yamanashi Elementary School List
Kindergarten
Yamanashi kindergarten list

Mass media

News (Chinese)

Before the warYamanashi Nichinichi Shimbun”(Hereinafter referred to as “Yamahi”), “Yamanashi Mainichi Shimbun” and 6 other papers were published.Second World WarInNewspaper controlAs a result, the various papers in the prefecture are integrated in Yamadaya. Several papers were published after the war, and until the 40s, Fujikyu was a major shareholder of "Yamanashi Jiji Shimpo" (Yamatoki), which competed for Yamahi with the number of copies.1969When Fujikyu sold its shares in (Showa 44), Yamatoki was absorbed, and now,National newspaperExcept for, the daily newspaper is in the state of Yamadaya only. The national edition sells the Tokyo edition, and many newspapers have pages (local editions/prefecture editions) on which news from the prefecture is posted.

TV station

NHKTV broadcast The1953It was started in (Showa 28).Initially due to geographical conditionsReception contractThe number is small,NHK Kofu Broadcasting Station 1959It has been popular since the establishment of the relay transmission station in (34).Radio Yamanashi on commercial broadcasters1959(Showa 34) In December, we set up a transmitting station and opened a TV station,Yamanashi broadcasting(YBS,NNN/NNSSeries) is open.1968When UHF (ultra-high frequency broadcasting) radio waves were allocated in (Showa 43), the license application was unified and acquired as "Yamanashi Chuo Television".1969(Showa 44) In MayTV Yamanashi(UTY,JNNSeries) is established.

Yamanashi PrefectureCapital AreaAlthough it belongs to, there have been only two stations, YBS and UTY, for a long time.for that reason,Fukui,Tokushima,Saga,MiyazakiAlong withVideo researchbyAudience ratingNo investigationPrefecturesIt is one of.Cable TVIn addition to NNN-affiliated YBS and JNN-affiliated UTY, many households watch TV Asahi, TV TOKYO, and Fuji TV programs (about 2012 households as of 160,000).

Radio stations

Cable TV

The household penetration rate of pay cable TV (voluntary broadcasting) in Yamanashi Prefecture is2012As of January (24), it is 1%, the highest in the country.Including shared antenna reception, it counts 86%.However, cable TV stations in Yamanashi Prefecture have different uses from other prefectures, and the shortage of TV Asahi, TV Tokyo, and Fuji TV is the first, so the only broadcasts that can be viewed under a standard contract are terrestrial broadcasting. is there.

The basic composition of terrestrial broadcasting is NHK Kofu + 2 local commercial broadcasters, and TV Asahi / TV Tokyo / Fuji TV + independent stations.Long time agoBS analog broadcastingI was able to watch it.ETC.,CS broadcastingIs a separate option contract.

Culture/Sport

dialect

Food culture:

local cuisine

Traditional crafts

Traditional crafts designated by the Minister of Economy, Trade and Industry
  • (Masonry, precious stonework,1976
  • (Other crafts,1987
  • (Other crafts,2000
Traditional crafts

Sports

Tourism

Tangible cultural property building

National treasure
Important traditional buildings preservation area
  • Akazawa(Hayakawa Town)
  • Shioyama Shimo-Odawara Uejo (Koshu City)

(I.e.

NATURE

Festival

Foreign relations

With Yamanashi Prefecture米 国IowaIt is,1959With Typhoon No. 34 (7)Isewan TyphoonTwo typhoon disasters[24]As a sympathy from IowaWe were given agricultural and livestock productsHave signed sisters[25].

Works set in Yamanashi Prefecture

Here, only works whose main stage is Yamanashi Prefecture, whose core stage is Yamanashi Prefecture, and whose main stage is Yamanashi Prefecture are referred to.

  • Works such as "The shooting location is Yamanashi Prefecture, but the stage is unrelated to Yamanashi Prefecture." I will omit about it.
  • Regarding "The characters are from Yamanashi Prefecture, but the stage is unrelated to Yamanashi Prefecture"List of people from Yamanashi # fictional peopleWill be treated as "person name (work name)".
  • For manga, anime, and games, only works that meet any of the following conditions are listed.
    • It appears in the work with a real place name.
    • There is a description of the stage and model location on the official websites of publishers, broadcasting stations, game sales companies, and animation production companies involved in the work.
    • Engaged in the workOriginal author,manga artist, The person in charge of the production side (Anime director,producerEquivalent)Social MediaThe stage and model sites are professed in.
    • Publications, mass media, local governments, public interest corporations, companies, etc. that cooperate in productionReliable source of informationThere is a description of the stage and model location in.

Literary arts

movies

In addition, because it is relatively close to Tokyo and is convenient for transportation, it is possible to use other than the above works (especially for low budget).Pink movie,original videoEtc)LocationOften used as.

TV drama

Like movies, many dramas are filmed on location because they are relatively close to Tokyo.

Manga anime

The work is in Yamanashi Prefecture

  • MEMORIES(Published in 1995)
  • Yuru Camp(A f(Original)
    • High school and major charactersMinobu TownIn addition to living, one of the main charactersNanbu TownSettings that have moved to.
  • mono(Afro original)
    • The work of the same author as "Yurukan △". The characters are set to attend high schools in Kofu City.
  • Super cub
    • The stage isHokuto..It has been made into a manga or animation based on the novel.

The model site is a work of Yamanashi Prefecture

A work whose main stage became Yamanashi prefecture by animation

ゲーム

  • You can hear(AXL, Released in 2006)
    • The protagonist travels between Tokyo and Yamanashi (according to the commentary of the protagonist in this volume).

person

Honorary citizens of Yamanashi Prefecture

The title of honorary citizens of Yamanashi Prefecture is based on the Yamanashi Prefecture Honorary Citizens Ordinance (December 2015, 27 Yamanashi Prefecture Ordinance No. 12) established on December 10, 15. Is given to those who are proud and respected by the citizens of the prefecture (Article 12 of the Ordinance)[26].. Target person is "person who widely contributed to improvement of social welfare, promotion of culture and other social development, and lived in or lived in the prefecture", and the governor of Yamanashi Prefecture obtained the consent of the Yamanashi Prefectural Assembly. It is prescribed to select (Article 2 of the Ordinance)[26].. Those who have been selected as honorary citizens will be presented with the honorary citizenship title of Yamanashi Prefecture and the emblem of honorary citizenship of Yamanashi Prefecture (Article 3 of the Ordinance).[26].. From Yamanashi prefectureNobel Prize in Physiology or MedicineWonSatoshi OmuraThe system was urgently created to honor[27].

Name of winnerOccupationSelection dateRemarksSource
Satoshi OmuraChemist2015th, 17Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine[27]

Yamanashi Prefecture Honor Award

山梨県県民栄誉賞は、1988年(昭和63年)3月11日に制定された山梨県県民栄誉賞表彰規則(昭和63年3月11日山梨県規則第4号)に基づき、「広く県民に敬愛され、社会に明るい希望を与え、山梨県の名を高めたもの」へ、山梨県知事から贈られる(規則第1条・第2条)[28].

Name of winnerOccupationSelection dateRemarksSource
Hashimoto Seiko政治家, OriginalSportsPlayer, formerFuji ExpressEmployee1988Experience in Olympic Games[29]

footnote

[How to use footnotes]

注 釈

  1. ^ Of the 47 prefectures, there are eight inland prefectures that do not face the sea at all, including Tochigi prefecture, Gunma prefecture, Saitama prefecture, Nagano prefecture, Gifu prefecture, Shiga prefecture, and Nara prefecture.
  2. ^ The origin of the name of Yamanashi-gun is "oldKasugai TownOn the back mountain of Yamanashioka Shrine inpearThere is a famous old tree in the area, and this area eventually came to be called Yamanashi."YamanashiTend to be derived from. However,Fudoki], "Yamanase",737(Balance9 years)Suruga countryIt is written as "Yaman Nana" in the tax book, and the etymology is "Mountain flats, That is,Kofu basinIt is reasonable to think that the words that express a flat appearance with little elevation have gradually changed to "Yamamanashi." And713(WadoIn 6 years), a Wado official was issued to state that the county names of countries should be written in good letters.Pear gardenIt is said that the name "Yamanashi" came to be used with the good name "pear" which gives a sense of the kind of elegance seen in words such as ".Yamanashi Prefectural Road Corporation"Kanzaka Tunnel and Chichibu Return"1998(10)).
  3. ^ Except for ChubuHokkaido region,Tohoku region,Kanto region,Chubu region,Kinki,Chugoku,ShikokuRegion,KyusyuRegion.
  4. ^ 2022Kanazawa Station at the end- Tsuruga Station(Fukui Prefecture) Yamanashi Prefecture will be the only prefecture because the Shinkansen will also enter Fukui Prefecture due to the extension.2027And laterLinear Shinkansen OfChuo ShinkansenWill enter Yamanashi Prefecture when it opens, so the Chubu regionTohoku regionIt is expected that the Shinkansen will be used in all prefectures next to this.

Source

  1. ^ Miyatake Outer BoneRegarding the "prefectural history of the prefecture" and the name change of the prefecture, Sadao Ariizumi "Name change and ward administration, etc." "Yamanashi prefecture city"
  2. ^ Arizumi ""Yamanashi" and "Kyochu"""The Modern of Yamanashi" Yamanashi Furusato Bunko, 2001
  3. ^ Area adjustment by prefectures, cities, towns and villages nationwide Geographical Survey Institute March 2013, 11 reading
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i Shintaro Shiina "Comprehensive consideration of the Chiyodako Golf Course Incident "Yamanashi Gakuin Law Journal" 2009[Broken link]
  5. ^ Chubu Governor's AssociationAichi Prefecture (read September 2018, 9).
  6. ^ Metropolitan Area Improvement Act Enforcement OrderArticle 2018 (read September 9, 26).
  7. ^ Kofu River National Highway Office(Retrieved October 2018, 9).
  8. ^ Yamanashi Transport Branch(Retrieved October 2018, 9).
  9. ^ Kanto Bureau of Economy, Trade and Industry(Retrieved October 2018, 9).
  10. ^ The 71st National Sports Festival Kanto Block TournamentYamanashi Prefecture Physical Education Association (read September 2018, 9).
  11. ^ Basic knowledge about the Yamanashi areaUnite Corporation (read September 2018, 9).
  12. ^ “Special edition special edition of Japan 65 Is this all right? Yamanashi Prefecture” 40-41 (Regional criticism series)
  13. ^ “Special edition special edition of Japan 65 Is this all right? Yamanashi Prefecture” 44-45 (Regional criticism series)
  14. ^ “Special edition special edition of Japan 65 Is this all right? Yamanashi Prefecture” 46-47 (Regional criticism series)
  15. ^ "Why is Yamanashi Prefecture "longevity"? The reason for the shock found by AI analysis". Magumagunews! (October 2018, 10). As of October 18, 2018オ リ ジ ナ ルMore archives.2018/10/19Browse.
  16. ^ "Latest report! 47 prefectures "happiness" ranking”. Toyo Keizai (August 2018, 8). As of August 25, 2018オ リ ジ ナ ルMore archives.2018/8/25Browse.
  17. ^ "20th generation stagnation, Yamanashi relocating to 4th place nationwide”. TV Yamanashi (February 2019, 2). As of April 20, 2019オ リ ジ ナ ルMore archives.2019/4/9Browse.
  18. ^ "Prefectures with strong local love”. TV Yamanashi (February 2019, 1). As of April 20, 2019オ リ ジ ナ ルMore archives.2019/4/9Browse.
  19. ^ Michihiro Nakata “History of Domestic Wine History ◇Following the starting point of brewing, Kofu, to mature culture◇”"Nihon Keizai Shimbun] Morning edition July 2018, 9 (cultural aspect) July 24, 2018 reading.
  20. ^ Yamanashi prefecture has become a wine prefecture.(Retrieved October 2019, 11).
  21. ^ [Perspective] Yamanashi jewelry can shine, the key is "China" and "net""Nihon Keizai Shimbun" morning edition August 2018, 7 (Metropolitan area economic aspect) August 3, 2018 reading.
  22. ^ Prefectural citizenship in new prefecture statistics and rankings
  23. ^ Tracking/Excavation: Do Yamanashi citizens like sushi? "Longing for the sea" Underlying / Yamanashi(June 2012, 06, "Mainichi Newspapers])
  24. ^ "Let's investigate the flood damage that hit Yamanashi (PDF)”. Yamanashi Prefectural Museum. P. 10. 2018/1/1Browse.
  25. ^ Yamanashi/Iowa State sisters 50th anniversary commemorative project - Yamanashi Prefecture
  26. ^ a b c Yamanashi Prefecture Honorary Citizens Ordinance -Yamanashi Prefecture, browsed July 2019, 7.
  27. ^ a b Honorary citizens of Yamanashi Prefecture -Yamanashi Prefecture, browsed July 2019, 7.
  28. ^ Yamanashi Prefectural Honor Award Award Rules -Yamanashi Prefecture, browsed July 2019, 7.
  29. ^ Profile -Seiko Hashimoto official website, viewed on July 2019, 7.

Related item

外部 リンク

Administration
Official website
Yamanashi - Facebook
Yamanashi Prefectural Office (@yamanashipref)- Twitter
Yamanashi disaster prevention (@bosaiyamanashi)- Twitter
Yamanashi new coronavirus measures (@coronayamanashi)- Twitter
Tourism
Fuji no Kuni Yamanashi Tourism Net -Yamanashi Tourism Promotion Organization
Map - Google map
Predecessor:
Fuchu-Ichikawa-Isawa
Changes in administrative districts
1868 - (Kaifu → Kofu prefecture → Yamanashi prefecture)
Next generation:
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